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The FReeper Foxhole Remembers Lt. Cdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare - Oct. 22nd, 2003
AcePilots.com ^

Posted on 10/22/2003 12:00:41 AM PDT by SAMWolf



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.


...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

Where Duty, Honor and Country
are acknowledged, affirmed and commemorated.

Our Mission:

The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

Welcome to "Warrior Wednesday"

Where the Freeper Foxhole introduces a different veteran each Wednesday. The "ordinary" Soldier, Sailor, Airman or Marine who participated in the events in our Country's history. We hope to present events as seen through their eyes. To give you a glimpse into the life of those who sacrificed for all of us - Our Veterans.

To read previous Foxhole threads or
to add the Foxhole to your sidebar,
click on the books below.

Lt. Cdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare
First U.S. Navy Ace,
Medal of Honor Recipient
Savior of USS Lexington,
First Hellcat Night-Fighter


Edward H. O'Hare was born on March 13, 1914 in St. Louis, the son of "E.J." O'Hare, a wealthy businessman and attorney. His parents sent him to Western Military Academy (WMA) at age 13, where he pursued an interest in marksmanship, becoming president of the rifle club. In 1932, he graduated from WMA, and in 1933 went on to the US Naval Academy. Many of his classmates from both schools died in WWII. Upon his graduation from Annapolis he received choice duty on the USS New Mexico (BB-40). While he was interested in aviation, all new officers had to spend two years in surface ships, before specializing in aviation or submarines. Thus in 1939 he started flight training at Naval Air Station (NAS) Pensacola, learning the basics on N3N-1 and Stearman NS-1 biplane trainers.


Lt. Cdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare


In November, his father was gunned down by Al Capone's gunmen, most likely because he had given the government information useful in its prosecution of Capone. The gangland-style murder made big headlines, and the newspapers printed numerous speculations on the circumstances of the murder. Many of these were less than flattering and implied that E.J. was involved with the mob. (Ewing & Lundstrom's excellent biography, Fateful Rendezvous: The Life of Butch O'Hare, covers these events in great detail.) Returning to Pensacola after the funeral, young O'Hare moved up to flying more advanced biplanes like the Vought O3U, the Corsair SU, and the Vought SBU-1 scout bomber (top speed 205 mph). In early 1940, he completed the required flying in patrol planes and advanced land planes.

Pre-War Carrier Flying


When he finished his naval aviation training in May, he was assigned to VF-3, the USS Saratoga's Fighting Squadron. The CO was Warren Harvey; the great John "Jimmy" Thach was XO at this time, later succeeding Harvey as CO. VF-3 was flying the Grumman F3F-1 biplane and the newer Brewster F2A-1. In July, 1940, Ed O'Hare made his first carrier landing, "just about the most exciting thing a pilot can do in peacetime." Jimmy Thach used to knock the new pilots down a notch by outflying them. He would let a rookie gain an altitude advantage, and then, while reading a newspaper or eating an apple, he would out-maneuver him and get on his tail. But when he tried this on O'Hare, he couldn't gain an advantage. Duly impressed with O'Hare's impressive flying abilities, Thach closely mentored the promising young pilot.



In early 1941, VF-3 transferred to Enterprise, while Saratoga underwent a major refit at Bremerton. While the 'Big E' was at San Diego, Warner Brothers filmed the early Technicolor movie Dive Bomber on it, featuring Errol Flynn, Ralph Bellamy, and Fred MacMurray.

July was an important time for Ed O'Hare. He met his future wife, Rita (proposing to her the first time he met her) and also made his first flight in a Wildcat. He and Rita married six weeks later, and for a honeymoon, they sailed to Hawaii in separate ships, Butch on Enterprise and Rita in a passenger liner.

Saving the Lexington


On February 20, 1942, Butch O'Hare demonstrated in real life, and when it counted most, the fighting skills he had mastered. The carrier Lexington had been assigned the dangerous task of penetrating enemy-held waters north of New Ireland. From there her planes were to make a strike at Japanese shipping in the harbor at Rabaul. Unfortunately, while still 400 miles from Rabaul, the Lexington was discovered by a giant four-engine Kawanishi flying boat. Lieutenant Commander John Thach, skipper of the Lexington's Wildcat fighters, shot down the Japanese "Snooper," but not before it had radioed the carrier's position. That afternoon Commander Thach led six Wildcats into the air to intercept nine twin-engine enemy bombers. In a determined attack each of the Wildcats destroyed a bomber and damaged two more. The ship's anti-aircraft guns finished off the rest. In the meantime, nine more Japanese bombers were reported on the way. Six Wildcats, one of them piloted by Butch O'Hare, roared off the Lexington's deck to stop them. O'Hare and his wingman spotted the V formation of bombers first and dived to try to head them off. The other F4F pilots were too far away to reach most of the enemy planes before they released their bombs. As if this weren't bad enough, O'Hare's wingman discovered his guns were jammed. He was forced to turn away. Butch O'Hare stood alone between the Lexington and the bombers.


Lieutenant Edward H. ("Butch") O'Hare, USN, (left)
and
Lieutenant Commander John S. Thach, USN.
Shaking hands in front of a Grumman F4F "Wildcat" fighter plane at an Oahu air base,
circa April-May 1942.
Both men were assigned to Fighting Squadron Three (VF-3),
of which Thach was Commanding Officer.


O'Hare didn't hesitate. Full throttle, he roared into the enemy formation. While tracers from the concentrated fire of the nine bombers streaked around him, he took careful aim at the starboard engine of the last plane in the V and squeezed his trigger. Slugs from the Wildcats six .50-caliber guns ripped into the Japanese bomber's wing and the engine literally jumped out of its mountings. The bomber spun crazily toward the sea as O'Hare's guns tore up another enemy plane. Then he ducked to the other side of the formation and smashed the port engine of the last Japanese plane there.

One by one he attacked the oncoming bombers until five had been downed. Commander Thach later reported that at one point he saw three of the bombers falling in flames at the same time. By now Thach and the other pilots had joined the fight. This was lucky because O'Hare was out of ammunition. The Wildcats took care of several more bombers and Lexington managed to evade the few bombs that were released. It was an amazing example of daring and shooting skill. Afterward Thach figured out that Butch O'Hare had used only sixty rounds of ammunition for each plane he destroyed. He had probably saved his ship. He was promoted to Lieutenant Commander and awarded the highest decoration of his country, the Congressional Medal of Honor.



With his Medal of Honor presentation, bond tours, and other commitments, Butch was out of combat from early 1942 until late 1943. On October 10, 1943, he flew with VF-6 in the air strikes against Wake Island. On this mission Alex Vraciu, the future ace, was Butch's section leader. Both O'Hare and Vraciu scored that day.

Night Fighting


In November, 1943, the Americans landed in the Gilberts (Tarawa and Makin), and the carriers were covering the landings. Equipped with the new F6F Hellcats, the US fighter pilots owned the skies, and could protect the Navy's warships from Japanese aircraft. From their bases in the Marianas, the Japanese quickly developed tactics to send torpedo-armed Bettys on night missions against the US carriers. In late November they launched these low-altitude strikes almost nightly, in a deadly attempt to get at Enterprise and other American ships.

Ed O'Hare, now Enterprise Commander - Air Group (CAG), was deeply involved in developing ad hoc counter-tactics, the first carrier-based night fighter operations of the US Navy. As the primitive radars were very bulky, they were carried on the Enterprise, on the fairly large TBF Avengers, but not on the smaller and faster Hellcats. The plan required the ship's Fighter Director Officer (FDO) to spot the incoming Bettys at a distance and send the Avengers and Hellcats toward them. The radar-equipped Avengers would then lead the Hellcats into position behind the incoming Bettys, close enough for the Hellcat pilots to spot visually the Bettys blue exhaust flames. Finally, the Hellcats would close in and shoot down the torpedo-carrying bombers. All the planes on both sides would be flying at low level. The plan was experimental, complicated, risky, and necessary - if the Bettys were to be thwarted.


F6F Hellcats


The night of November 27, 1943 was the first combat test of the plan, following an earlier mission that hadn't contacted the Japs. The 'Black Panthers', as the night fighters were dubbed, included two sections of three planes. Both included two Hellcats and one Avenger. Butch led his section from his F6F, Warren Skon flew on his wing; Lt. Cdr. Phillips piloted the TBF with radarman Hazen Rand and gunner Alvin Kernan crewing the plane. (Alvin Kernan's memoirs of his experiences as an enlisted man on US Navy carrier during WWII, Crossing the Line: A Bluejacket's World War II Odyssey, describe this night in detail, from the perspective of the man who fired the Avenger's gun seconds before Butch disappeared. (The book also happens to be the best-written narrative of WWII naval aviation that I've read in a long time. I recommend it highly. But it's now out-of-print.)

The night's events were complicated and confusing: the Hellcats had trouble finding the Avenger, the FDO had difficulty putting any of them on the targets, and it was all new to everyone. Phillips, in his lightly armed Avenger, found some of the attacking Japanese bombers and surprisingly, shot two of them down. Following that brief action, in the dark, with nothing to be seen but the flaming gasoline from the downed Bettys burning on the water (for over an hour?), the O'Hare and Skon got into position behind the Avenger. About that time, the Avenger identified a Betty behind the Hellcats. Kernan fired at it. Moments later, O'Hare failed to respond to the radio; he had gone down.


TBF Avenger


What happened? There are three possible explanations:
  1. Friendly fire, i.e. Kernan mistakenly shot O'Hare down.
  2. The Japanese bomber shot O'Hare down, in a quick, lucky burst that killed Butch instantly without heavily damaging the Hellcat.
  3. When Kernan opened up, O'Hare took evasive action, the Hellcat's wingtip touched a wave and dipped into the ocean.
There is no definitive answer. In his recent, thoroughly-researched biography of O'Hare, the respected author John Lundstrom inclines toward the second explanation (Butch was shot down by the Betty), but concludes that O'Hare died in a "freak occurrence in a dangerous and complicated operation."

For their roles in protecting the carrier and in carrying out the Navy's first combat night-fighting mission, Phillips, Rand, and Kernan were awarded Navy Crosses. (Cynics ever since have concluded that the Navy, having to choose between courts-martial or medals for the Avenger crew, opted for the latter, not wanting to admit that its biggest hero had been brought down by friendly fire.)

Having read Lundstrom's book, Fateful Rendezvous: The Life of Edward O'Hare, and Kernan's memoirs, Crossing the Line: A Bluejacket's World War II Odyssey, I'm inclined to accept Lundstrom's most likely explanation, and also his general conclusion. Both books are very well-written , and I recommend them to readers interested in this topic, not merely for the events of November 27, 1943.

Thanks to FReeper Diver Dave for the idea and info for this Thread



TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: butchohare; f4f; freeperfoxhole; michaeldobbs; oharefield; orchardfield; ord; pacific; usnavy; veterans; warriorwednesday; wildcat; wwii
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A Place For Heroes


O'Hare's original name was Orchard Field, which was renamed O'Hare International Airport in 1949 to honor naval pilot Lt. Cmdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare.

O'Hare International Airport is named for Lt. Cmdr. Edward "Butch" O'Hare, a World War II fighter pilot from Chicago known as one of the greatest heroes in naval history. O'Hare's incredible courage and effective leadership inspired Col. Robert H. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, to lead the charge to rename the Chicago-area airport (formerly named Orchard Field) in O'Hare's honor in 1949.

O'Hare's Story of Bravery


On February 20, 1942, the U.S.S. Lexington was approximately 400 miles from its destination of Rabaul Harbor in the Solomon Islands when the aircraft carrier was spotted by enemy patrols. Lt. O'Hare and another pilot picked up the formation of enemy fighters closing in on the Lexington and immediately ordered an attack. Within moments, his wingman's guns jammed, and without assistance, O'Hare carried out a swift and decisive strike on the enemy fighters, saving the U.S.S. Lexington and his fellow pilots.



For his inspiring leadership and gallant fighting spirit, O'Hare received the U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor. President Franklin D. Roosevelt called the mission that saved the Lexington, "one of the most daring, if not the most daring, single action in the history of combat aviation."

For his heroic actions in battles near Marcus Island on August 31, 1943 and near Wake Island on October 5, 1943, O'Hare was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Gold Star, some of the Navy's highest honors.

Just one month later, in November 1943, O'Hare volunteered to lead his squadron on a daring mission to conduct the first-ever Navy nighttime fighter attack from an aircraft carrier. After receiving the go-ahead from his Admiral, O'Hare led the first fighter section to intercept a large force of enemy torpedo bombers, but his plane was lost in enemy action and never found. He was just 29 years old. On November 27, 1944, Butch O'Hare was declared dead. The U.S. Navy recognized his unparalleled bravery with the Navy Cross award. He is also listed in the Navy Memorial Foundation.

The Butch O'Hare Airplane


In his Congressional Medal of Honor winning flight to save the U.S.S. Lexington, Butch O'Hare flew an F4F-3 Wildcat. The Wildcat was an extremely basic flying machine - it had hand-cranked landing gear made primarily of bicycle chains and sprockets, manually-charged guns, vacuum-powered wing flaps, a simple electrical system, and no hydraulics. Despite its simple design, it was a tough plane with a high degree of pilot survivability in crashes. The Wildcat earned for the Grumman Aircraft Factory, where it was built, the nickname "The Iron Works."



An original F4F-3 Wildcat was recovered from Lake Michigan by the United States Navy and donated to the Air Classics Museum. The plane was restored to replicate the one flown by Butch O'Hare. Sponsored by the City of Chicago and McDonald's Corporation, the recovered F4F-3 Wildcat is exhibited in Terminal Two at the West end of the ticketing lobby to honor the extraordinarily heroic feats of O'Hare International Airport's namesake.

There is still one reminder of that distant past when young men who fought America's battles in the skies knew it as Orchard Field. O'Hare's airport code used on tickets and baggage tags is ORD. A sense of history still has a place among all Chicago's achievements.

1 posted on 10/22/2003 12:00:42 AM PDT by SAMWolf
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To: snippy_about_it; PhilDragoo; Johnny Gage; Victoria Delsoul; Darksheare; Valin; bentfeather; radu; ..
Two Men, Two Lives


During the course of World War II, many people gained fame in one way or another. One man was Butch O'Hare. He was a fighter pilot assigned to an aircraft carrier in the Pacific.


Butch O'Hare Debriefing


One time his entire squadron was assigned to fly a particular mission. After he was airborne, he looked at his fuel gauge and realized that someone had forgotten to top off his fuel tank. Because of this, he would not have enough fuel to complete his mission and get back to his ship. His flight leader told him to leave formation and return.

As he was returning to the mothership, he could see a squadron of Japanese Zeroes heading toward the fleet to attack. And with all the fighter planes gone, the fleet was almost defenseless. His was the only opportunity to distract and divert them. Single-handedly, he dove into the formation of Japanese planes and attacked them. The American fighter planes were rigged with cameras, so that as they flew and fought, pictures were taken so pilots could learn more about the terrain, enemy maneuvers, etc.

Butch dove at them and shot until all his ammunition was gone, then he would dive and try to clip off a wing or tail or anything that would make the enemy planes unfit to fly. He did anything he could to keep them from reaching the American ships. Finally, the Japanese squadron took off in another direction, and Butch O'Hare and his fighter, both badly shot up, limped back to the carrier.


"Butch' O'Hare attacks a Japanese 'Kate' torpedo bomber


He told his story, but not until the film from the camera on his plane was developed, did they realize the extent he really went to, to protect his fleet. He was recognized as a hero and given one of the nation's highest military honors. And as you may know, the O'Hare Airport was also named after him.

Prior to this time in Chicago, there was a man named Easy Eddie. He was working for a man you've all heard about, Al Capone. Al Capone wasn't famous for anything heroic, but he was notorious for the murders he'd committed and the illegal things he'd done.

Easy Eddie was Al Capone's lawyer and he was very good. In fact, because of his skill, he was able to keep Al Capone out of jail. To show his appreciation, Al Capone paid him very well. He not only earned big money, he would get extra things, like a residence that filled an entire Chicago city block. The house was fenced, and he had live-in help and all of the conveniences of the day.


Butch O`Hare Meets the 1st Chutai


Easy Eddie had a son. He loved his son and gave him all the best things while he was growing up; clothes, cars, and a good education. And because he loved his son he tried to teach him right from wrong. But one thing he couldn't give his son was a good name, and a good example. Easy Eddie decided that this was much more important than all the riches he had given him.

So, he went to the authorities in order to rectify the wrong he had done. In order to tell the truth, it meant he must testify against Al Capone, and he knew that Al Capone would do his best to have him killed. But he wanted most of all to try to be an example and to do the best he could to give back to his son, a good name. So he testified. Within the year, he was shot and killed on a lonely street in Chicago.



This sounds like two unrelated stories. But Butch O'Hare was Easy Eddie's son.

Additional Sources:

www.ohare.com
www.airwise.com
www.snopes.com
www.geocities.com/Athens
www.ussohare.com
www.aviation-history.com
www.milartgl.com
www.stenbergaa.com
www.cvl-22.com
www.americanflyers.net

2 posted on 10/22/2003 12:01:25 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: All
The presentation offered in "Two Men, Two Lives" would have us believe that this is a tale of redemption; a little morality play that demonstrates the importance of recognizing the errors of one's ways, of atoning for one's misdeeds, of trying to do right and prevent one's sins from being visited on future generations. Those are all valuable lessons, but they have precious little to do with this story.

As described here, Edward O'Hare was nothing less than a corrupt lawyer and out-and-out hoodlum. Despite his having entered a profession in which he was expected, of all things, to uphold the law, he willingly broke it to enrich himself by engaging in a variety of unethical and illegal schemes in partnership with the most notorious gangster in American history, Al Capone. What's more, he served as Capone's attorney, aiding the mobster in setting up numerous illegal enterprises and helping to keep Capone and his cronies out of prison.

If "Easy Eddie" did eventually provide information that aided federal authorities in sending Capone to prison for income tax evasion, it was not because he had an attack of conscience, wanted to right the wrongs he'd done, or sought to teach his son Edward Jr. (known as "Butch") the value of integrity -- he did it because he could see the handwriting on the wall (i.e., Capone was going to be nailed soon with or without his assistance), and by doing the feds a favor, he could secure an appointment to the Naval Academy at Annapolis for his son (presumably at expense of other worthy candidates who lacked the advantage of having mob-connected lawyers for fathers).



Perhaps Edward O'Hare believed or knew he would be killed for what he had done; perhaps not. Either way, it was his son Butch who redeemed the family name through his wartime bravery and heroism, and the price he paid for that redemption was his life. None of that redemption was achieved through the actions of Edward Sr., save that the old man traded on some mob connections to move his son to the head of the line for Annapolis.

Do we think Easy Eddie "was able to pass the value of integrity on to his son"? Hell, no. Quite the opposite: He taught his son that if you're clever enough and sufficiently lacking in moral values you can live a life of wealth and privilege by victimizing others, and if your gravy train should ever derail you can always grab a few last ladlesful by ratting on your associates.

Butch O'Hare was suitably honored when the Chicago airport known as Orchard Depot was renamed O'Hare International in 1949. It's unfortunate that he and the airport have to share the O'Hare name with his criminal father.


3 posted on 10/22/2003 12:01:52 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: All

4 posted on 10/22/2003 12:02:16 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: SAMWolf
Veterans Day 2003 - Attention Northern California
PDN News Desk ^ comwatch

Veterans Day is right around the corner. 

It's an opportunity for us to support our troops, our country and show appreciations for our local veterans. It's another way to counter the Anti-Iraq campaign propaganda.  Would you like to help?  Are there any VetsCoR folks on the Left Coast?  We have a school project that everyone can help with too, no matter where you live.  See the end of this post for details.


Three Northern California events have been scheduled and we need help with each:
 
Friday evening - November 7th Veterans in School (An Evening of Living History, A Veterans Day Ice Cream Social)
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003c.htm
 
Saturday - 11 a.m. November 8th: Veterans Day Parade (PDN & Friends parade entry)
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003b.htm
 
Sunday November 9, 2003 Noon to 3:00 PM Support our Troops & Veterans Rally prior to Youth Symphony Concert
http://www.patriotwatch.com/V-Day2003d.htm
 
Each of the WebPages above have a link to e-mail a confirmation of your interest and desire to volunteer.  These are family events and everyone is welcome to pitch in.  We'd really appreciate hearing from you directly via each these specific links.  This way, we can keep you posted on only those projects you want to participate in.

Veterans in School - How you can help if you're not close enough to participate directly. If you are a veteran, share a story of your own with the children.  If you have family serving in the military, tell them why it's important that we all support them. Everyone can thank them for having this special event.  Keep in mind that there are elementary school kids. 

Help us by passing this message around to other Veteran's groups.  I have introduced VetsCoR and FreeperFoxhole to a number of school teachers.  These living history lessons go a long way to inspire patriotism in our youth.  Lets see if we can rally America and give these youngsters enough to read for may weeks and months ahead.  If we can, we'll help spread it to other schools as well.

  Click this link to send an email to the students.

5 posted on 10/22/2003 12:02:54 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: SAMWolf
I don't post but want you to know I love reading the history.This would be a great resource for teachers.Thank you to all the vets and to those who gave all for my country.
6 posted on 10/22/2003 1:48:40 AM PDT by MEG33
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Darksheare; All
GOOD MORNING TO ALL AT THE FOXHOLE!
A HAPPY HUMP-DAY TO YOU.
I almost didn't get to make it in this morning....ISP is trying to whack out on me again. grrrrr!

THANK YOU troops and veterans for your service to the USA!


7 posted on 10/22/2003 2:24:58 AM PDT by radu (May God watch over our troops and keep them safe)
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To: Matthew Paul; mark502inf; Skylight; The Mayor; Prof Engineer; PsyOp; Samwise; comitatus; ...
.......FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!

.......Good Wednesday Morning Everyone!


If you would like added to our ping list let us know.
8 posted on 10/22/2003 3:18:42 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: MEG33; SAMWolf
I don't post but want you to know I love reading the history.This would be a great resource for teachers.

Good Morning and welcome Meg33.

Thank you for "falling in" at the Foxhole. We do know that the Foxhole is used by teachers and families providing home schooling so we thank you for the compliment that it is a good resource for education.

I learn something everyday from these threads.

Don't be shy about posting, we don't bite and we do encourage discussion.

;)

9 posted on 10/22/2003 3:38:58 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; All
Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.

Our computer(Dell Dimension 4500S) Froze on us yesterday. Right after I clicked on Disconnect in the internet icon in the system tray. The 13th time it has happened since we got the computer in September 2002. It's working O.K. for right now.

Be sure to update your anti-virus software and ge the very latest critical updates for your computer.

10 posted on 10/22/2003 3:40:12 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: radu
Good morning radu.
11 posted on 10/22/2003 3:43:06 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.
Good morning and thanks for the reminder.

Hope you enjoyed your 90 degree weather, we dropped down to the 40's again but that's Ohio. If you don't like the weather here, wait 10 minutes, it'll change. LOL.
12 posted on 10/22/2003 3:45:58 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I can relax and read here and enjoy the reading.Believe me, I'm not shy about posting.....;)I just thought it was time to say thank you.
13 posted on 10/22/2003 3:49:25 AM PDT by MEG33
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To: snippy_about_it

For answered prayer we thank You, Lord;
We know You're always there
To hear us when we call on You—
We're grateful for Your care. —Branon

Through prayer, finite man draws upon the power of the infinite God.


14 posted on 10/22/2003 4:21:53 AM PDT by The Mayor (We honor God when we honor one another.)
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To: The Mayor
Hi,Mayor,I believe I'll have that first cup here,thanks.
15 posted on 10/22/2003 4:38:14 AM PDT by MEG33
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To: The Mayor
Good morning Mayor. That coffee looks particularly good today, thanks.
16 posted on 10/22/2003 4:42:31 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: MEG33
, I'm not shy about posting...

LOL. Well good, and you are quite welcome. SAM and I enjoy bringing the Foxhole to everyone, our readers and readers who post are very important to us.

17 posted on 10/22/2003 4:45:03 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Present!
18 posted on 10/22/2003 5:03:15 AM PDT by manna
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To: SAMWolf
Good read today SAM, thank you.

I'll look for the replica of his plane next time I'm at O'Hare airport.

It's good that such a fine young man could come out of the life his father led and do something good for his country.

It's too bad he had to give the ultimate sacrifice. I'm going to have to read up on this and find out what his mother was doing during all this, she must have been the "good" influence for him, or as often happens, his father was the inspiration to do good in defiance of his father's way of life.

Interesting story but now I have to find out more. :)
19 posted on 10/22/2003 5:14:17 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: manna
Good morning manna.
20 posted on 10/22/2003 5:15:15 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.
Our computer(Dell Dimension 4500S) Froze on us yesterday. Right after I clicked on Disconnect in the internet icon in the system tray.

My Dell did something similar last night and I had to turn off the power strip to get it to shut down. I'll make sure all my updates are updated right away. :)

Good morning!

21 posted on 10/22/2003 6:18:46 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: SAMWolf
Good Morning Brothers and Sisters-in-Arms: I have just added an interesting link to G. I. MEMORIES for Korat RTAFB, Thailand.  If you served there during the Vietnam era, this is your chance to re-live some memories of the time.
22 posted on 10/22/2003 6:19:08 AM PDT by hardhead (Vast Right Wing Conspirator, Serial Number 565723890)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it
But Butch O'Hare was Easy Eddie's son.

Like son, like father? Finally?

Great thread today Sam and Snippy! I don't pop in each day to tell you thank you for all your hard work for the Foxhole - but I hope you know I'm around lurking and enjoying the threads. THANKS for all you do for our troops and veterans!!! {{{{{Hugs}}}}}

23 posted on 10/22/2003 6:21:09 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: SAMWolf; Diver Dave
Thanks to FReeper Diver Dave for the idea and info for this Thread

Just saw this part. THANKS Dave!!! Great man. Great story. Great work Sam and Dave.

24 posted on 10/22/2003 6:23:33 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: AntiJen
Hugs back atcha and good morning. Butch was a much better man than his father. I wonder what he would have been like if he had the chance to live. :(
25 posted on 10/22/2003 6:26:03 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: radu
What a fantastic eagle and flag graphic. Thanks for posting it Radu.

Great to see you this morning. Morning?!?! What is that? What are you doing up this early? And what am I doing up this early??? ;-)
26 posted on 10/22/2003 6:26:38 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Butch was a much better man than his father.

Absolutely. Please ping me if you find any info about Butch's mother and the influence she had in his life.

27 posted on 10/22/2003 6:33:51 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: AntiJen
Will do. ;)
28 posted on 10/22/2003 6:34:25 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: AntiJen; SAMWolf
Looks like he was raised by his father.

***
His parents were divorce and the father kept the children.

But where Edward J. O'Hare may have been the personification of the corrupt lawyer, he was a doting father whose love for his offspring knew no bounds. His daughters were raised as if they were some kind of Irish-American Princesses. And for his son, Butch, there was nothing that he would not and could not do.

Educationally, it was only the best schools of the day for Butch. Recreationally, the senior O'Hare always found time to spend time with his son, whether it was at a sporting event or a poetry reading or a theatrical production or just shooting cans off the back fence with a six- shot .38.

In conversation, the senior O'Hare's favorite phrase seemed to be, "My son, Butch…"

When Butch was about to graduate from high school, he told his father of his burning ambition to go to the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. If money had been the only problem, Eddie would have dipped into his pocket and sent the boy off to Maryland without a second thought. But, then as now, entry into Annapolis required the blessing of a would-be midshipman's local representative in Congress.

At the time, Al Capone was hot and getting hotter. It was known that the Feds were closing in on him with a unique new form of prosecution based on violations of the Federal income tax statutes. It was also widely known that Capone and Butch O'Hare's dad were deeply involved in a variety of joint enterprises, some criminal and some only quasi-so. What O'Hare knew about Capone's day-to-day criminal activities was the stuff that the typical Federal prosecutor's dreams are made of.

To make that dream a reality, all that was needed was the timely intervention of a St. Louis Post Dispatch reporter who was in the odd position of being both a personal friend of Eddie O'Hare and the best buddy of one of the key people on the prosecution team. The reporter, John Rogers by name, knew that O'Hare wanted very badly to get his young son into Annapolis.

Rogers first went to his pal on the Capone prosecution team, who took the pitch up the line to the Commissioner of the Internal Revenue Service, who then went to Congress with the plan, which then found its way over to Annapolis, with the word coming back down to Eddie that Butch was in - if only the senior O'Hare would tell everything the Feds wanted to know about Scarface Al Capone.

He did. The Feds made excellent use of the information. Capone went down for 11 years, with the first two years being served behind the bars of the Federal penitentiary in Atlanta, and the rest spent locked up on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.

In 1937, the year that Butch O'Hare graduated from Annapolis, his father received a piece of mail from an ex-con who had been in Alcatraz with Capone. In simple, declarative sentences, the note read: "Capone is mad. He is enraged. He will kill you."

The senior O'Hare, still President of Sportsman's Park Race Track and a millionaire lawyer with enough horse-racing interests, dog-racing deals, real-estate interests and stock transactions to keep an army of accountants on overtime, began to seem a little nervous, a little distracted, his friends said.

However, Ursula Sue Granata, sister of a Mob-tied State Representative and Eddie O'Hare's seven-year fiancee, denied that he was showing signs of any kind of strain or nervousness. "He entertained ten or twelve friends at a dinner party in the Illinois Athletic Club," she said. "Contrary to some things I have read, I didn't see the least indication that he was nervous," Miss Granata declared.

Eddie and Sue, who were long an item in the gossip columns, never seemed able to get their relationship formalized because his earlier divorce from Butch's mother kept all the Catholic priests in the area from officiating. However, they were hopeful that by about the spring of 1940, their request for a dispensation from the Vatican would come through and they would then be able to marry.

But before that happy day would come, Alphonse Capone, regarded by many as the father of organized crime in America, was due to be released from Alcatraz.

On November 8, 1939, or about 27 months before Lt. Butch O'Hare would save the U.S.S. Lexington, Edward J. O'Hare was seen cleaning and loading a Spanish-made .32-caliber semi-automatic pistol in his office at Sportsman's Park. Although he was known to own several firearms, he was never known to carry a gun.

He left his office that afternoon, got into his black 1939 Lincoln coupe and drove away from the track, heading first north on Cicero and then northeast on Ogden, toward Downtown Chicago. As Eddie O'Hare approached the intersection of Ogden and Rockwell, a car roared up beside him and two shotgun-wielding murderers opened fire with repeated blasts of big- game slugs. The slugs tore through the glass and metal of the Lincoln's door, killing Eddie instantly.

As the Lincoln crashed into a post at the side of the roadway, the killers continued east on Ogden, where they soon became lost in other traffic. As might be expected, they were never found.

In addition to the gun that Eddie O'Hare never had a chance to use, police removed from his pockets a rosary, a crucifix, a religious medallion and a poem clipped from a magazine.

The poem read:

The clock of life is wound but once
And no man has the power
To tell just when the hands will stop
At late or early hour.
Now is the only time you own.
Live, love, toil with a will.
Place no faith in time.
For the clock may soon be still.
29 posted on 10/22/2003 6:48:09 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; radu; Darksheare; Samwise; All
Good morning snippy, SAM, everyone in the FOXHOLE!

Hope everyone has a wonderful day!
30 posted on 10/22/2003 6:50:46 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~Poets' Rock the Boat~)
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To: snippy_about_it
Wow, I'm surprised by that story. Thanks for the ping Snippy.
31 posted on 10/22/2003 7:04:23 AM PDT by Jen (Support our troops! Share the news of our military's successes that the liberal media won't report.)
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To: SAMWolf
On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on October 22:
1811 Franz Liszt Raiding, Hungary, romantic composer/virtuoso pianist
1845 Sarah Bernhardt France, silent film actress (Camille, Queen Elizabeth)
1870 Ivan Bunin Russia, poet/novelist (Gentleman from SF-Nobel 1933)
1880 Joe Carr Ohio, NFL hall of famer/NFL president (1921-39)
1885 Giovanni Martinelli Montagnana Italy, opera singer (NY Met)
1887 John Reed journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
1896 Charles Glenn King biochemist (discovered vitamin C)
1898 Damaso Alonso Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
1905 Constance Bennett actress (Easiest Way, Ladies in Love)
1905 Karl Jansky discovered cosmic radio emissions in 1932
1906 Sidney Kingsley author (Darkness at Noon)
1907 Jimmie Foxx baseball HR hitter (Detroit Tigers)
1915 Harry Hickox Big Springs Tx, (Herb-Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
1916 Sid Miller Shenandoah Pa, actor (Donald O'Connor Texaco Show)
1917 Joan Fontaine Tokyo Japan, actress (Gunga Din, Ivanhoe, Rebecca)
1919 Doris Lessing novelist (Golden Notebook)
1920 Mitzi Green NYC, actress (Little Orphan Annie, So This is Hollywood)
1920 Timothy Leary Harvard prof, LSD taker
1922 John Chafee (Sen-R-RI)
1923 Pete Pihos NFL end (Phil Eagles)
1925 Robert Rauschenberg US, painter (Gloria)
1929 Dory Previn pop singer (Love Be My Cover)
1933 Donald H Peterson Winona Mississippi, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6)
1934 Donald McIntyre Auckland NZ, Bass-Baritone (Wotan-Das Rheingold)
1935 Judy Devlin Hashman 10 time badminton champ (1957-67)
1938 Christopher Lloyd Stamford Ct, actor (Taxi, Back to the Future)
1938 Derek Jacobi London England, actor (Lanner-Strauss Family)
1939 Tony Roberts NYC, actor (Annie Hall, Edge of Night, Lucie Arnaz Show)
1942 Annette Funicello Utica NY, actress (Mickey Mouse Club)
1943 Catherine Deneuve [Dorleac], Paris, actress (Repulsion, Hunger)
1943 Paul Zukofsky Brooklyn NY, violinist (Cappricio)
1945 Leslie West [Weinstein] rocker (Mountain-Mississippi Queen)
1947 Lee Meredith [Judith Lee Sauls], River Edge NJ, actress (Producers)
1948 John Peterson US, Middleweight (Olympic-gold-1976)
1952 Jeff Goldblum Pitts Pa, actor (The Fly, Thank God it's Friday)
1952 Patti Davis aka Patricia Ann Reagan, 1st daughter (House of Secrets)
1961 Barbara Potter Ct, tennis player (changed shirt on Wimbledon Court)
1961 Leonard Marshall NFL defensive end (NY Giants)
1963 Brian Boitano US, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1988)
1963 Cherie Witter Everett Wash, playmate (February, 1985)
1966 Valeria Golino Naples Italy, actress (Rain Man, Little Flames)
1980 Michael Fishman actor (DJ-Roseanne)
1985 Zachary Walker Hanson Tulsa OK, drummer-Hanson, (MMMBop)



Deaths which occurred on October 22:
0741 Charles (the Hammer) Martel, ruler of the Franks, dies at 63
1565 Jean Grolier de Servi‚res French bibliophile, dies
1906 Paul Cezanne, French painter, dies at 67
1932 Anna Dickinson dies just a week shy of her 90th birthday
1934 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd shot dead by FBI in Ohio
1975 Arnold Toynbee, English historian/cultural sociologist, dies at 86
1979 Jesse Bishop murderer, dies in Nevada gas chamber
1984 Napoleon Whiting actor (Silas-Big Valley), dies at 75
1986 Ivor Francis actor (Dusty's Trail), dies at 68
1992 Red Barber, sportscaster (Dodgers, Yankees), dies at 84
1994 Harold Horace Hopkins, inventor (Endoscope), dies at 75


Reported: MISSING in ACTION

1964 TOWERY HERMAN---FT BRAGG NC.
[REMAINS RECOVERED ID 10/27/64]
1965 CHERRY FRED V.---SUFFOLK VA.
[02/12/73 RELEASED BY DRV, ALIVE IN 98]
1965 MANN ROBERT LEE---LAFAYETTE IN.
[FIREBALL NO RADIO CONTACT]
1965 MC EWEN JAMES ARTHUR---WASHINGTON PA.
[FIREBALL NO RADIO CONTACT]
1965 WEGER JOHN JR.---SAN FERNANDO CA.
[FIREBALL NO RADIO CONTACT]
1966 HARRIS HAROLD L.---DURHAM NC.
1966 KLENERT WILLIAM BLUE---BELLMORE NY.
[03/18/77 SRV RETURNED REMAINS TO PCOM]
1966 KOLSTAD THOMAS CARL---PARKVILLE MN.
[03/18/77 SRV RETURNED REMAINS TO PCOM]
1966 MC BRIDE EARL PAUL---VOLANT PA.
1967 DOOLEY JAMES E.---MANCHESTER CENTER VT.
1971 GARRETT MAURICE E. JR.---MERCER PA.

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.


On this day...
4004 -BC- Universe created at 8:00 PM, according to the Anglican archbishop James Ussher 1650
1746 Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
1797 Andr‚-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute jump from balloon (Paris)
1824 The Tennessee Legislature adjourns ending Davy Crockett's state political career
1836 Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected pres of Republic of Texas
1861 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
1862 Union troops push 5,000 confederates out of Maysbille, Ark., at the Second Battle of Pea Ridge
1862 Confederate troops reconquer Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
1875 Sons of the American Revolution organized
1883 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
1883 Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
1906 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Phila
1918 The cities of Baltimore and Washington run out of coffins during the "Spanish Inflenza" epidemic.
1922 Lucerne Street in the Bronx named
1922 Parsifal Place laid out in Bronx, named for knight in Wagner's Opera
1928 Pres Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
1936 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
1938 Chester Carlson invents the photocopier. He tries to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they see no use for a gadget that makes nothing but copies.
1939 1st TV NFL game-Eagles vs Dodgers
1949 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
1950 LA Rams beat Baltimore Colts 70-27
1953 Laos gains full independence from France
1954 West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
1955 The prototype of the F-105 Thunder Chief makes its maiden flight
1962 JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis
1962 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
1964 EMI rejects audition by "High Numbers," they go on to become The Who
1963 225,000 students boycott Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
1964 Jean Paul Satre declines the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1966 USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon
1968 Apollo 7 returns to Earth
1969 KAPN-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KDB-AM
1972 Oakland A's 1st championship; beat Reds, 4 games to 3 in 69th World Series
1972 Operation Linebacker I, the bombing of North Vietnam with B-52 bombers, ends.
1973 Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to the Yom Kippur War
1974 Yanks trade Bobby Murcer to Giants for Bobby Bonds
1975 Cin Reds beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 72nd World Series
1975 Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus
1975 World Football League disbands
1976 Rick Barry (SF), begins then longest NBA free throw streak of 60
1977 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
1978 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession
1979 Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NY for medical treatment
1979 Walt Disney World's 100-millionth guest
1980 New South Korean constitution comes into effect
1981 Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization decertified
1981 US national debt tops $1 trillion
1984 NFL quarterback Ken Stabler retires
1984 Paul McCartney releases "Give My Regards to Broad Street" soundtrack
1988 Elton John sells out MSG for a record 26th time
1988 Supreme Ct Justice Sandra Day O'Connor OK after breast cancer surgery
1991 General Motors announces 9 month loss of $2.2 billion
1994 Statue of Sam Houston unveiled in Texas


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

India, Mauritius, Singapore : Deepavali Day
Japan : Jidai Matsuri/Festival of the Eras (1895)
Puerto Rico : Veterans Day
Vatican City : National Day
US : Mother-in-Law's Day (Sunday)
US some states : Veterans Day (Monday)
US : Francis E Willard Day-temperance day (Friday)
National Forrest Products Week (Day 4)
National Copycat Day
National Pharmacy Week (Day 4)
National day to be a copycat
Gourmet Adventures Month
Country Music Month
National Sarcastics' Awareness Month



Religious Observances
Christ : SS Philip, bishop of Heraclea, & his companions, martyrs
RC : Commemoration of St Theodoret, priest/martyr



Religious History
_451 During the Fifth Session of the Council of Chalcedon, the final form of the Chalcedonian Creed was drafted. It became the Early Church's highest and most enduring "definition" of the person and work of Jesus Christ.
1844 The "Great Disappointment" began when this latest date, set for the return of Christ by religious leader William Miller, passed without event. Over 100,000 disillusioned followers returned to their former churches, or abandoned the Christian faith altogether.
1899 American Presbyterian missionary James B. Rodgers, 34, baptized his first Filipino converts to the Christian faith, thus inaugurating the beginning of Philippine Protestant churches.
1952 The complete Jewish Torah was published in English for the first time. A collection of oral and written commentary (dating 200 BC to AD 500) on the first five books of the Old Testament, the Torah comprises the basic religious code of Judaism.
1966 Swiss Reformed theologian Karl Barth declared in a letter: 'God makes no mistakes.'

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Thought for the day :
"He who can no longer pause to wonder and stand rapt in awe is as good as dead; his eyes are closed."


You might be a Minnesotan if...
you were proud when you turned 12 and got a pair of "5 bucklers" for your birthday.


Murphys Law of the day...(Agnes Allen's Law)
Almost anything is easier to get into than out of.


Amazing fact #200,987,725.5...
Elizabeth I of England suffered from anthophobia, a fear of roses.
32 posted on 10/22/2003 7:12:01 AM PDT by Valin (A fanatic is one who can't change his mind and won't change the subject)
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To: SAMWolf
Thanks SAM. I'll never get tired of visiting the Foxhole.
33 posted on 10/22/2003 7:26:41 AM PDT by skeeter (Fac ut vivas)
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To: hardhead
Thanks hardhead for keeping us informed of your updates.
34 posted on 10/22/2003 7:31:38 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
National day to be a copycat

1938 Chester Carlson invents the photocopier. He tries to sell the machine to IBM, RCA, Kodak and others, but they see no use for a gadget that makes nothing but copies.


Hmmm. I wonder...are these two historical events related. :)
35 posted on 10/22/2003 7:37:35 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: skeeter
I'll never get tired of visiting the Foxhole.

Good morning skeeter, good to see you "fall in" today.

36 posted on 10/22/2003 7:38:41 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: bentfeather
Good morning feather, feeling better this morning?
37 posted on 10/22/2003 7:39:15 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Man! Nothing gets by you does it? :-)
38 posted on 10/22/2003 8:08:10 AM PDT by Valin (A fanatic is one who can't change his mind and won't change the subject)
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To: snippy_about_it
Yipes. Whatta story.

Morning, snippy.
39 posted on 10/22/2003 8:23:54 AM PDT by Samwise (There are other forces at work in this world, Frodo, besides the will of evil.)
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To: Samwise
Morning Samwise.
40 posted on 10/22/2003 8:41:33 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin
Man! Nothing gets by you does it? :-)

LOL. Not if I can help it!

41 posted on 10/22/2003 8:43:15 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good Morning Snippy.
42 posted on 10/22/2003 8:44:08 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Morning Glory Snip & Sam~

But Butch O'Hare was Easy Eddie's son.

Today's FReeper Foxhole has been both an excellent read (as usual) and a blessing. Another precious example of a father's love . . .

43 posted on 10/22/2003 8:45:02 AM PDT by w_over_w (This is a C12 matter . . . you've got a black op that's gone off the reservation.)
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To: MEG33
Hi MEG33.

We have some feedback that the Foxhole is used by some home schoolers and has been suggested for reading by a local University Professor. It's nice to know that the FoxHole is being read and used by people. One of our purposes is to let people learn about and remember the things you don't get in your "standard" History education today.
44 posted on 10/22/2003 8:49:14 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: radu
Good Morning Radu. Still haven't straightened out your ISP?
45 posted on 10/22/2003 8:50:14 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: E.G.C.
Morning E.G.C. I've gone through a few days of random crashes again too. I ran defrag last night, we'll see if that helps.
46 posted on 10/22/2003 8:52:20 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: The Mayor
Good Morning Mayor.

Quotes and Coffee, a New Morning Feature?
47 posted on 10/22/2003 8:55:05 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: manna
Hi Manna!


48 posted on 10/22/2003 8:55:51 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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To: *all

Air Power
Grumman F4F (FM-2) Wildcat

In 1936 the US Navy evaluated a number of designs which were competing to be the Navy's new carrier-based fighter. Grumman built a design which, after several re-designations and airframe modifications, won the contract and eventually became the F4F Wildcat. The prototype, the XF4F-2, first flew on 2 September 1937. The prototype of an improved version, the XF4F-3, was renamed the F4F and was ordered by the Navy in August of 1939. The first five aircraft off the assembly line were sent to Canada, with the next 90 (designated "Martlet Mk I" going to the 804 Squadron of the Royal Navy's Fleet Air Arm where, in December 1940, two Martlets made history by becoming the first American-made aircraft to down a German plane in WWII.

The first US Navy F4F-3 was flown on 20 August 1940, powered by a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engine with 1,200 horsepower. The subsequent F4F-4, incorporating several improvements including folding wings, six guns and self-sealing fuel tanks, was delivered in November 1941. It was then that the name "Wildcat" was first given to the F4F. As war raged around the world, the Wildcat's reputation and utilization grew immensely. It flew with the US Navy and US Marines in all of the major Pacific battles, and in North Africa with the Navy.

In mid 1942, Grumman realized that it needed to concentrate on the production of its new F6F Hellcat fighter, and so it contracted with the General Motors Company to build the Wildcat under the designation FM-1. The first FM-1 flew on 31 August 1942, and over 1,150 of them were produced, hundreds of which went to the Fleet Air Arm as the "Martlet Mk V." General Motors next developed an improved version, called the FM-2 ("Wildcat Mk VI" in the Fleet Air Arm), which was powered by a Wright R-1820 engine with 1,350 horsepower. It featured a taller vertical tail than the FM-1. Over 4,700 FM-2s were built before the Wildcat was eclipsed by the more capable fighters which appeared later in the war.

Specifications:
Primary Function: Naval Fighter
Contractor: Grumman
Crew: One
Unit Cost: N/A
Powerplant: One 1,200 horsepower Pratt & Whitney R-1830-86 double-row radial engine

Dimensions:
Length: 28 ft 9 in (8.76 m)
Wingspan: 38 ft 0 in (11.58 m)
Height: 9 ft 2.5 in (2.81 m)
Weights: - Empty: 5,758 lbs (2,612 kg) - Maximum Takeoff: 7,952 lbs (3,607 kg)

Performance:
Speed: 320 mph (512 km/h) at 19,800 ft & weight of 7975 pounds
Ceiling: 39,400 ft (12,010 m)
Range: 770 miles (1,239 km)

Armaments:
Six .50 caliber Browning machine guns;
Two 100-pound bombs




All photos Copyright of Global Aircraft.Com

49 posted on 10/22/2003 8:58:30 AM PDT by Johnny Gage (Why is it that Qucksand is slow.... and Boxing Rings are square?)
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To: snippy_about_it
Interesting story but now I have to find out more. :)

That's part of our insideous plot. Get people to want to know more. :-)

50 posted on 10/22/2003 8:58:45 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Beware of quantum ducks: quark, quark.)
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