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The FReeper Foxhole Revisits The USS Juneau and the Sullivan Brothers - June 19th, 2004
http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq72-2.htm ^

Posted on 06/19/2004 12:05:59 AM PDT by snippy_about_it



Lord,

Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.
.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.



...................................................................................... ...........................................

U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

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The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

In the FReeper Foxhole, Veterans or their family members should feel free to address their specific circumstances or whatever issues concern them in an atmosphere of peace, understanding, brotherhood and support.

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The FReeper Foxhole Revisits


The Loss of USS Juneau


In early November 1942, as the struggle for control of Guadalcanal remained undecided, both the Allies and the Japanese were desperately trying to reinforce the island with troops, food, and ammunition while trying to prevent the other side from doing the same. Although two American convoys arrived safely on 11 and 12 November, they had only partially unloaded their cargoes when Magic (intercepted Japanese messages) intelligence and reconnaissance reports indicated strong Japanese naval forces were approaching the island on a shore bombardment mission. As the American transports steamed eastwards for safety, an American force of five cruisers and eight destroyers, under command of Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan took up station in the strait between Guadalcanal and Florida Island, called "Ironbottom Sound" owing to the many sunken ships littering the sea floor from the naval battles.

After midnight on 13 November, a Japanese formation of two battleships, a light cruiser, and eleven destroyers steamed past Savo Island, heading toward Guadalcanal. At 0124, these warships appeared on American radar and the two forces closed rapidly. Poor radar coordination, however, left the American warships vainly trying to pin down the location of the Japanese warships. The leading destroyers of both forces sighted each other briefly in the darkness and at 0145 USS Juneau received the order, "Stand by to open fire." A few minutes later, just after a Japanese searchlight flicked on, the lead American destroyers opened fire at the Japanese warships at a mere 1,600 yards. The Japanese replied in kind and the two formations quickly mingled together, firing into each other at point-blank range in the glare-lit darkness.



Within minutes, the Japanese destroyer Akatsuki and the American cruiser USS Atlanta lay dead in the water, victims of shell and torpedo hits. Meanwhile, the two Japanese battleships, worried that American torpedo-armed destroyers were too close for comfort, tried to turn away. Still, the four American destroyers in lead fired guns and torpedoes at Hiei, the nearest Japanese battleship, damaging her superstructure with numerous shell hits. Two of the American destroyers USS Cushing and USS Laffey were mortally wounded after a brief fire fight, with Laffey exploding and sinking shortly thereafter.

The engagement turned against the American task force when three Japanese destroyers conducted a torpedo attack from the northern flank. Torpedo hits damaged cruiser USS Portland and sank destroyer USS Barton. Gunfire from these and other Japanese warships turned USS Monssen into a smoking wreck and damaged both cruiser USS San Francisco and destroyer USS Aaron Ward. In return, by the time the fifteen-minute battle ended, destroyer Yudachi was a burning hulk and battleship Hiei was left crippled, steering an erratic course to the northwest. By the following afternoon, owing to scuttling charges or damage, Atlanta, Cushing, and Monssen had all sunk. Two Japanese ships soon joined them when Yudachi exploded under shell fire from Portland, and Hiei went under following bomb and torpedo hits delivered by Navy and Marine aircraft.



The light cruiser Juneau (CL-52), in which the five Sullivan brothers were surviving, suffered a different fate. Just a few minutes into the battle, Juneau was hit by a Japanese torpedo on the port side near the forward fire room. The shock wave from the explosion buckled the deck, shattered the fire control computers, and knocked out power. The cruiser limped away from the battle, down by the bow and struggling to maintain 18 knots. She rejoined the surviving American warships at dawn on 13 November and zig-zagged to the southeast in company with two other cruisers and three destroyers.

About an hour before noon, the task force crossed paths with Japanese submarine I-26. At 1101, the submarine fired a three torpedoes at San Francisco. None hit that cruiser, but one passed beyond and struck Juneau on the port side very near the previous hit. The ensuing magazine explosion blew the light cruiser in half, killing most of the crew. A message from USS Helena to a nearby B-17 search plane reported that Juneau was lost at latitude 10 degrees South and longitude 161 degrees East and that survivors were in the water. The sinking location was subsequently modified to 10 degrees South and 161 degrees East.

Owing to the risk of another submarine attack and because the sections of Juneau sank in only a few minutes, the American task force did not stay to check for survivors. However, approximately 115 of Juneau's crew survived the explosion. But, as Helena's message unfortunately did not reach Noumea and there remained uncertainty about the number of Japanese ships in the area, rescue efforts did not begin for several days. Exposure, exhaustion, and shark attacks whittled down the survivors and only ten men were rescued from the water eight days after the sinking.

The Sullivan Brothers


In the aftermath of Juneau's loss, the Navy notified Mr. and Mrs. Thomas F. Sullivan of Waterloo, Iowa, that all five of their sons were missing in action. Two of the brothers had served previous four-year enlistments in the Navy and so, when all five brothers enlisted together on 3 January 1942, the Navy was the obvious choice. They had also insisted on serving together on the same ship. Although the accepted Navy policy was to separate family members, the brothers had persisted and their request was approved.

It was later learned, through survivors' accounts, that four of the brothers died in the initial explosion. The fifth, George Thomas, despite being wounded the night before, made it onto a raft where he survived for five days before succumbing either to wounds and exhaustion or a shark attack.



The brothers received the Purple Heart Medal posthumously and were entitled to the American Defense Service Medal, Fleet Clasp; Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with four engagement stars and the World War II Victory Medal. They had also earned the Good Conduct Medal.

They were survived by their parents, Mr. Thomas F. Sullivan and Mrs. Alleta Sullivan, a sister, Genevieve Sullivan, and by Albert Leo Sullivan's wife, Katherine Mary Sullivan. Their son, James Thomas, was twenty-two months old at the time of his father's death.

Albert Leo Sullivan
Francis Henry Sullivan
George Thomas Sullivan
Joseph Eugene Sullivan
Madison Abel Sullivan






FReeper Foxhole Armed Services Links




TOPICS: VetsCoR
KEYWORDS: freeperfoxhole; guadalcanal; history; samsdayoff; savoisland; sullivanbrothers; usnavy; ussjuneau; veterans
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Honoring the Sullivan Brothers



News of the deaths of all five brothers became a rallying point for the war effort, with posters and speeches honoring their sacrifice. Extensive newspaper and radio coverage of the incident made the loss of the brothers a national story, producing "a wave of humility and sympathy..." and condolences poured in on the Sullivan family in Waterloo, Iowa. One woman told the Associated Press, "And now I wonder how the sugar and coffee hoarders feel." War bond drives and other patriotic campaigns culminated in the 1944 movie, "The Sullivans."



USS THE SULLIVANS (DD-537)


Their sister Genevieve enlisted in the U.S. Naval Reserve as a Specialist (Recruiter) Third Class and, with her parents, visited more than two hundred manufacturing plants and shipyards under the auspices of the Industrial Incentive Division, Executive Office of the Secretary, Navy Department. According to a 9 February 1943 Navy Department Press Release, the Sullivans "...visited war production plants urging employees to work harder to produce weapons for the Navy so that the war may come to an end sooner." By January 1944, the three surviving Sullivans had spoken to over a million workers in sixty-five cities and reached millions of others over the radio.



USS The Sullivans (DDG 68)


To honor the five Sullivan brothers, the Navy has named two destroyers, USS The Sullivans. On 10 February 1943, the Navy officially canceled the name Putnam (DD-537) and assigned the name The Sullivans to a destroyer under construction. Sponsored by Mrs. Alleta Sullivan, mother of the five Sullivan brothers, and commissioned 30 September 1943, The Sullivans served the Navy until final decommissioning on 7 January 1965. In 1977, the destroyer was donated to the city of Buffalo, New York, as a memorial in the Buffalo and Erie County Naval and Servicemen's Park. The second The Sullivans (DDG-68) was laid down on 14 June 1993 at Bath, Maine, by Bath Iron Works Co. and launched on 12 August 1995 sponsored by Kelly Sullivan Loughren, granddaughter of Albert Leo Sullivan. Commissioned on 19 April 1997 at Staten Island, New York under the command of Commander Gerard D. Roncolato, the motto of the ship is "We Stick Together."



Today's Educational Sources and suggestions for further reading:

The FReeper Foxhole Remembers The USS Juneau and the Sullivan Brothers - Feb. 5th, 2003
www.history.navy.mil/
1 posted on 06/19/2004 12:06:03 AM PDT by snippy_about_it
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To: All
.............

The following letter was sent to Mrs. Sullivan by President Roosevelt when he learned that her five sons were listed as missing in action after the USS Juneau was sunk:

"Dear Mrs. Sullivan:

"The knowledge that your five gallant sons are missing in action, against the enemy, inspired me to write you this personal message. I realize full well there is little I can say to assuage your grief.

"As the Commander in Chief of the Army and the Navy, I want you to know that the entire nation shares your sorrow. I offer you the condolence and gratitude of our country. We, who remain to carry on the fight, must maintain the spirit in the knowledge that such sacrifice is not in vain. The Navy Department has in- formed me of the expressed desire of your sons; George Thomas, Francis Henry, Joseph Eugene, Madison Abel, and Albert Leo, to serve on the same ship. I am sure, that we all take pride in the knowledge that they fought side by side. As one of your sons wrote, `We will make a team together that can't be beat.' It is this spirit which in the end must triumph.

"Last March, you, Mrs. Sullivan, were designated to sponsor a ship of the Navy in recognition of your patriotism and that of your sons. I am to understand that you are, now, even more determined to carry on as sponsorer. This evidence of unselfish- ness and courage serves as a real inspiration for me, as I am sure it will for all Americans. Such acts of fate and fortitude in the face of tragedy convince me of the indomitable spirit and will of our people.

"I send you my deepest sympathy in your hour of trial and pray that in Almighty God you will find a comfort and help that only He can bring.

Very sincerely yours,

"/s/ Franklin D. Roosevelt"

2 posted on 06/19/2004 12:06:39 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All
'Reference to a "Sullivan Act" in connection with family members serving in the same ship/unit is a popular misconception. The Sullivan Law of 25 May 1911 is a New York City ordinance dealing with firearms. Although proposed after the death of the five Sullivan Brothers, no "Sullivan Act" was ever enacted by Congress related to family members serving together. Similarly, no President has ever issued any executive order forbidding assignment of family members to the same ship/unit.'

-- DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY


3 posted on 06/19/2004 12:07:02 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All

On Jan. 3, 1942, the five Sullivan brothers of Waterloo came to Des Moines to join the Navy. The brothers are (left to right), Francis, George, Madison, Albert and Eugene.


The Sullivan Brothers: U.S. Navy Policy Regarding Family Members Serving Together at Sea Several misconceptions, common during World War II and after, continue to circulate about the Sullivan brothers and the assignment of family members to U.S. Navy ships.



Following are nine references that describe the U.S. Navy policy toward the assignment of family members to ships since 1942, and one other article that help explain this policy.

Official U.S. Navy Documents:

(1) Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, 1942; Extract on the assignment of brothers to same ship or station

(2) Bureau of Naval Personnel Circular Letter 345-44, 15 November 1944; Sole-survivor policy

(3) Bureau of Naval Personnel Circular Letter 107-45, 14 April 1945; Sole-survivor policy

(4) Bureau of Naval Personnel Circular Letter 281-45, 28 September 1945; Members of Families Serving in the Same Ship, [Policy after World War II]

(5) Extract from History of Enlisted Personnel Activity, Bureau of Naval Personnel Administrative History, 1946. This summarizes wartime practice with regard to family members serving in same ship/unit, also "sole survivor" policy.

(6) Bureau of Naval Personnel Manual: Chapter 5; Policy on assignment or reassignment of members of the same immediate family, 1966.

(7) Naval Military Personnel Command Press Release , 29 May 1980; on same-unit and sole-survivor policies.

(8) OPNAV Instruction 1300.15, 6 January 1988 [Extract on sole survivors from Office of Chief of Naval Operations instruction]

(9) Naval Military Personnel Manual, NavPers 15560C, 15 August 1991

Unofficial:

(1) Non-Commissioned Officers Association News Brief, 22 October 1990; Sole-survivor policy at time of Desert Shield, 1990.
4 posted on 06/19/2004 12:07:34 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Diva Betsy Ross; Americanwolf; CarolinaScout; Tax-chick; Don W; Poundstone; Wumpus Hunter; ...



FALL IN to the FReeper Foxhole!



Good Saturday Morning Everyone.



If you would like to be added to our ping list, let us know.

5 posted on 06/19/2004 12:08:35 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it

You want to see a real tear-jerker, get a copy of The Fighting Sullivans. It's about the brothers growing up.


6 posted on 06/19/2004 12:12:02 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: All


LOCATION: At the cruise ship dock on the waterfront area, Juneau, Alaska. PURPOSE: To commemorate the sinking of the U.S.S. Juneau, a light cruiser (CL-52) during WAR II.

DESCRIPTION: Concrete, consisting of a base for a flag pole and three sections with brass plaques. One says U.S.S. JUNEAU and is bordered by two others inscribed with names of the crew who were lost.

INSCRIPTION: At the top of the plaque is an outline of the ship. Just below that is: LEST WE FORGET

The naval Battle of Guadalcanal was as ferocious and decisive any battle of World War II. It was not won cheaply. The night action of Friday the thirteenth, November 1942 was the last day of life for eight ships and hundred of sailors including the U.S.S. Juneau CL52. Juneau was in the thick of the battle until an enemy torpedo knocked her out of action. Retiring from the battle, and enemy submarine took Juneau in her sights and at 11:01 another torpedo found its mark. This Cruiser disintegrated instantaneously and completely. All but 10 of her crew of 700 perished including the five Sullivan brothers.

The two other plaques, one on each side of the middle plaque, are inscribed with names of those who perished on the ship. Each plaque contains the following heading:

U.S.S. Juneau crew Nov. 13, 1942
7 posted on 06/19/2004 12:14:30 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: All

8 posted on 06/19/2004 12:22:13 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning Snippy.


9 posted on 06/19/2004 2:18:50 AM PDT by Aeronaut (I think I'll just go lie by my dish and whimper.)
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To: snippy_about_it
Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Foxhole.

We're entertaining guests. My sister and her two kids from the city are coming down. Her son is participating in a tennis tournament.

10 posted on 06/19/2004 3:06:33 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: snippy_about_it

Off to work Bump for the ol Foxhole.

Last day for the yard sale, weather guessers are saying partly cloudy and about 73degrees. YIPPEEE

Y'all have a good day now, ya here

Regards

alfa6 ;>}


11 posted on 06/19/2004 3:56:50 AM PDT by alfa6 (Mrs. Murphy's Postulate on Murphy's Law: Murphy Was an Optimist)
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To: snippy_about_it

tragic


12 posted on 06/19/2004 5:23:04 AM PDT by Samwise (I posted this tagline "because I could.")
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To: Aeronaut

Good Morning Aeronaut.


13 posted on 06/19/2004 5:57:52 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: E.G.C.

Good Morning E.G.C.

My mom and other two sisters are coming in for a week visit. This will be the first time all the "kids" are together in about 6 years.


14 posted on 06/19/2004 5:59:19 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: SAMWolf

Hey Sam.


15 posted on 06/19/2004 6:01:09 AM PDT by Aeronaut (I think I'll just go lie by my dish and whimper.)
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To: alfa6
Last day for the yard sale

Good luck, hope the weather holds out for you.

16 posted on 06/19/2004 6:05:51 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: Samwise

Morning Samwise.


17 posted on 06/19/2004 6:06:13 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I've went to that monument when I met USS JUNEAU (LPD-10) in Juneau, AK to ride it to Japan prior to our crew swap in 1999.


18 posted on 06/19/2004 6:14:11 AM PDT by GATOR NAVY
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Professional Engineer; PhilDragoo; radu; All

Good morning everyone!

19 posted on 06/19/2004 6:17:33 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~The Dragon Flies' Lair~ Poetry and Prose~)
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To: GATOR NAVY
Morning Gator Navy.

USS JUNEAU (LPD-10)

20 posted on 06/19/2004 6:22:04 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: bentfeather
Good Morning Feather.


21 posted on 06/19/2004 6:23:03 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: SAMWolf

Nice feather and eagle, thanks Sam.


22 posted on 06/19/2004 6:42:14 AM PDT by Soaring Feather (~The Dragon Flies' Lair~ Poetry and Prose~)
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To: SAMWolf

We'll have to rent it. I'll need a new box of tissues though.


23 posted on 06/19/2004 7:34:01 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: E.G.C.

Enjoy your family, hope the weather stays nice.


24 posted on 06/19/2004 7:34:52 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Aeronaut

Good morning Aeronaut.


25 posted on 06/19/2004 7:35:21 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: alfa6

Morning alfa6. Maybe today you'll clear it all out! Good luck.


26 posted on 06/19/2004 7:36:30 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Samwise

Well said.


27 posted on 06/19/2004 7:36:48 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf
My mom and other two sisters are coming in for a week visit.

And I'm bringing a camera. :-)

28 posted on 06/19/2004 7:37:43 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
There were actually several groups of brothers on board the Juneau. There were at least one other group of four if not five that died on the ship. It was in fact navy policy at that time to let family members serve together.

Accounts from the survivors indicate that George alone made it to a raft and after becoming despondent over the loss of his brothers and problems with exposure to the conditions he was in went a little squirrelly. He started to swim away from the raft because he was looking for them.

The men in the water were basically left to fend for themselves for a long period of time. This was caused by two reasons, one was the unknown proximity of the Japanese fleet and also when the Juneau blew up, it blew with such an intensity that one of the larger turrets was blow over a mile from the ship landing near a surviving destroyer. No one witnessing the explosion from other ships felt anyone could have lived through the explosion.

It is a typical Monday morning quarterback call if one should have gone back to look for survivors. It appeared there were none so why risk the rest of the fleet.

I have personally witnessed only 1/4 lb of explosives literally shred four men to include one which I had to use both hands with my feet braced against and ammunition box to pull this guys leg out of the box that the bones had penetrated. On the other hand while at Radford Army Ammunition Plant, we had over 12,000lbs of TNT go. The operator of the building was seen just clearing the door of the building while he was on fire when the building went. After the explosion, he was found on the lip of a 60 ft wide 20 ft deep crater with the fire on him blown out. Two ton pieces of the equipment in the building were blown over a mile away and the walls of other cement block buildings 1/4 mile away were knocked out. The individual was back at work in about two months. I think his ears were still ringing a little bit. It kind of reminded me of the coyote in the Road Runner cartoons.
We had about 135 injuries and no one killed at Radford. If everybody on that plant within two miles of the explosion had taken one step to the left or right, I bet we would have had over 50 or so fatalities. An example of this include three men in the cab of a pickup truck that had a chunk of concrete about the size to two desk fall from the sky and go through the engine of the truck they were driving followed by a chunk about the same size going through the bed of the truck.

We also had an individual in one of the load and pack rooms have a chunk of concrete hit a conveyor near him and flip it up vertically. After that the building collapsed on top of him and the conveyor caught the portion of the building above him.

One of the workers in the sulphuric acid plant witnessed the collapse of the building he knew his wife was working in. He ran halfway down a hill to try and save her then realized that he had to go back up the hill to the sulphuric acid plant and shut it down, leaving his wife to fate. His wife did survive but by shutting the acid plant down, he saved countless lives.

You just never know what is going to happen in an explosion.
29 posted on 06/19/2004 7:38:30 AM PDT by U S Army EOD (John Kerry, the mother of all flip floppers.)
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To: snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Samwise
Good morning ladies. Flag-o-gram.


Soldier stands guard at Ft. McHenry during the War of 1812.

30 posted on 06/19/2004 7:40:43 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Vexillologist to the FReeper Foxhole)
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To: bentfeather

Good morning feather.


31 posted on 06/19/2004 7:41:55 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: GATOR NAVY

Something about the Navy. They take the history of their ships seriously. I know the Tarawa LHA-1 went to Tarawa before their mission in OIF. I expect they do that kind of thing as often as they can, at least the ships named after a person or a battle. We have enough hero's out there they should've never named them after flowers, birds or fish.

I think it's been awhile since I thanked you for serving....we don't take it for granted here at the Foshole. Thank you.


32 posted on 06/19/2004 7:48:18 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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Morning U S Army EOD.

Thanks for the additional info on the USS Juneau and for sharing your personal experiences with us. I don't think I have the patience to have done your job.


33 posted on 06/19/2004 7:51:48 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Good Morning PE. Nice one today.:-)


34 posted on 06/19/2004 7:52:32 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: U S Army EOD

The Juneau was one of many tragic losses. I understand they new the enemy subs were in the area too. So many tragic stories in wartime.

Thank you for sharing your EOD stories today. You guys must have nerves of steel.


35 posted on 06/19/2004 7:52:52 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: GATOR NAVY; All

Foshole=Foxhole. Geez, I'm starting to type like Sam again!


36 posted on 06/19/2004 7:53:42 AM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I'm starting to type like Sam again

What can I say? I'm a bad influence. ;-)

37 posted on 06/19/2004 7:58:02 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: snippy_about_it

On This Day In History


Birthdates which occurred on June 19:
1556 James VI of Scotland (1567-1625)/James I of England (1603-25)
1595 Wladyslaw IV Vasa, king of Poland (1632-48)
1623 Blaise Pascal mathematician/physicist/religious writer
1764 Jos‚ Gervasio Artigas general/father of Uruguay
1764 Sir John Barrow England, founded Royal Geographical Society
1783 Thomas Sully US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
1811 Henry Prince, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
1865 Dame May Whitty Liverpool England, actress (Mrs Minerva)
1877 Charles Coburn Macon Ga, actor (Acad-1943, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes)
1878 James M Kilroe priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
1896 Mrs Simpson [Bessie Wallis Warfield), Duchess of Windsor, divorcee
1897 Moe Howard [Moses Horowitz] comedian (3 Stooges)
1902 Guy Lombardo London Ontario Canada, orch leader (Auld Lang Syne)
1903 Henry Louis Gehrig 1st baseman (NY Yankees) "Iron Horse"
1908 Mildred Natwick Balt Md, actress (She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)
1908 Quentin N Burdick (Sen-D-NC)
1914 Alan Cranston (Sen-D-CA) Pres candidate
1914 Harry Lauter White Plains NY, actor (Waterfront)
1914 Lester Flatt Earl Scrugg's partner (Beverly Hillbillies theme)
1918 Evelle Jansen Younger prosecutor of Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan
1919 Louis Jourdan Marselles France, actor (Gigi, Can-Can, Madame Bovary)
1919 Pauline Kael movie critic (NY Times)
1921 Howell Heflin (Sen-D-AL)
1922 Aage Neals Bohr Denmark, physicist/study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975)
1928 Nancy Marchand Buffalo NY, actress (Beacon Hill, Margaret-Lou Grant)
1932 Pier Angeli Italy (Sodom & Gomorrah, Vintage, Battle of the Bulge)
1933 Viktor I Patsayev USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
1935 - Tommy Devito, Montclair NJ, rock vocalist (Four Seasons-Sherry)
1936 Gena Rowlands Cambria Wisc, actress (Gloria, Tempest, Brinks Job)
1942 Elaine "Spanky" McFarlane rocker (Spanky & Our Gang-Lazy Day)
1943 Malcolm McDowell actor (Clockwork Orange, Caligula)
1947 Salman Rushdie novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses)
1949 Kathleen Turner Springfield Mo, actress (Romancing The Stone, War of the Roses)
1962 Paula Julie Abdul Van Nuys Calif, singer/choreographer (Straight Up)
1978 Garfield the Cat animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
1980 Amy Merrill, Miss Utah Teen USA (1997)



Deaths which occurred on June 19:
1747 Nadir, shah of Persia (1736-47), murdered
1794 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 62
1811 Samuel Chase, US judge (signed Declar of Independence), dies at 70
1864 George Lincoln Prescott, US Union brig-gen, dies of injuries
1867 Maximilian Mexican emperor, executed, Mexican republic restored
1953 Rosenbergs executed at Sing Sing, Julius takes 3 tries, Ethel 5
1966 Ed Wynn comedian (Ed Wynn Show), dies at 86
1973 Roger Delgado actor (Adventures of Sir Francis Drake), dies at 53
1986 Len Bias 1st pick of Celtics, suffers fatal cocaine-induced seizure
1986 Murray P Haydon artificial heart recipient, dies in Louisville, Ky
1989 I.F. Stone author, dies at 81 of heart failure
1993 William Golding, author (Lord of the Flies, Nobel 1983), dies at 81


Reported: MISSING in ACTION

1964 LEDBETTER THOMAS I.---TAMPA FL.
[MIA IN GROUND FIGHT ON PATROL]
1964 TALLEY JAMES L.---FORT BENNING GA.
[MIA IN GROUND FIGHT ON PATROL]
1969 TELLIER DENNIS A.---WOONSOCKET RI.
[03/27/73 RELEASED BY PRG]

POW / MIA Data & Bios supplied by
the P.O.W. NETWORK. Skidmore, MO. USA.


On this day...
240 -BC- Eratosthenes estimates circumference of Earth
0987 Louis IV, crowned king of France
1269 King Louis IX of Frances decrees all Jews must wear a badge of shame
1588 Spanish Armada heavily destroyed in storm at Coruna
1669 Polish parliament selects Litouwer Michael Wisniopwiecki as king
1754 Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies & Iroquois indians
1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
1829 Sir Robert Peel found London Metropolitan Police (Bobbies)
1835 New Orleans gives US govt Jackson Square to be used as a mint
1846 1st baseball game (Cartwright Rules)-NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
1862 Slavery outlawed in US territories
1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
1865 All slaves in Texas freed (Juneteen)
1867 1st Belmont Stakes, Ruthless wins
1868 Maj Gen E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
1875 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
1881 Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Wash)
1917 After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles & surnames, they take the name Windsor
1921 Turk and Christian of Palestine sign a friendship treaty against Jews
1930 C Jackson & H E Wood discovers asteroid #1595 Tanga
1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China PR
1934 Federal Communications Commission (FCC) created
1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
1940 "Brenda Starr," 1st cartoon strip by a woman, appears in Chicago
1941 Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal
1943 NFL's Phila Eagles & Pitts Steelers merge, (disolves on Dec 5)
1943 "Shiek Of Arahy" Spike Jones and City Slickers peaks at #19
1944 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
1944 Japanese troops conquer Changsha China
1946 1st TV sports spectacular-Joe Louis vs Billy Conn
1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc Ca
1950 A G Wilson discovers asteroid #1980 Tezcatlipoca
1952 "I've Got A Secret" debuted on CBS with Garry Moore as host
1955 Mickey Mantle hits career HR # 100
1955 Phils beat Cubs 1-0 in 15, ties longest shut out in Phillies history
1959 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Sec of Comm
1961 Kuwait regains complete independence from Britain
1961 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Md's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth
1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27
1967 Muhammad Ali is convicted for reusing induction in US Army
1967 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD
1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
1970 A Nikolayev & V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9
1970 Jim Bouton's controversial "Ball Four" is published
1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Ga, racial disturbance
1973 Pete Rose & Willie Davis both get career hit # 2,000
1976 US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth
1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint
1977 Red Sox set 3 game record of 16 HRs, all against Yanks
1981 Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified
1981 European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit
1981 Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, S Africa
1981 India's APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched
1984 1st live TV appearance by Chief Justice Warren Burger (Nightline)
1987 ETA bomb attack in Barcelona, 15 killed
1987 Ben & Jerry Ice Cream & Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia
1988 In Santa Barbara, CA, a team of 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
1992 Evander Holyfield beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1992 Guardian Angel Curtis Sliwa is shot twice in NYC
2000 The Supreme Court reaffirmed, 6-3, that praying in public schools had to be private, barring officials from letting students lead stadium crowds in prayer before football games.
2001 A jury in San Jose, Calif., convicted Andrew Burnett of tossing a little dog to its death on a busy highway in a bout of road rage. He was sentenced to three years in prison for the death of Leo, a fluffy white bichon frise.


Holidays
Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Algeria : Anniversary of the Revolution (1965)
Kuwait : Independence Day (1961)
Texas : Juneteenth Day/Emancipation Day (1865)
Trinidad & Tobago : Labor Day
Uruguay : Artigas Day (1764)
US : Father's Day (Sunday)
US : Flag Week Ends
US : National Juggling Day.
Ragweed Control Month


Religious Observances
RC : Commemoration of SS Gervase & Protase, martyrs
RC : Memorial of Romuald, abbot (opt)
RC : Feast of St Juliana Falconieri, virgin


Religious History
0325 The month-long Council of Nicea closed. Known as the first ecumenical council in the history of the Church, it formulated the Nicene Creed and established the method for calculating Easter.
1566 Birth of James VI of Scotland. Upon the death of Elizabeth I in 1603, he ascended the English throne as James I. He is best remembered for authorizing the publication known today as the 'King James Version' (KJV) of the Bible.
1910 In Spokane, Washington, under sponsorship of the Spokane Ministerial Association and the YMCA, Father's Day was observed for the first time.
1977 Paul VI canonized John Nepomucene Neumann, the first American-born male saint. As fourth Bishop of the Philadelphia Diocese, Neumann is remembered for developing the parochial school system.
1987 The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring public schools to teach creationism if they taught evolutionism. The court ruled that the state law violated the First Amendment.

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.


Thought for the day :
"To be trusted is a greater compliment than to be loved."


Things To Do If You Ever Became An Evil Overlord...
(Repeat Daily)
I will be secure in my superiority. Therefore, I will feel no need to prove it by leaving clues in the form of riddles or leaving my weaker enemies alive to show they pose no threat.


The World's Shortest Books...
Royal Family's Guide to Good Marriages


Dumb Laws...
Denmark:
Attempt to escape from prison is not illegal, however, if one he is caught he is required to serve out the remainder of his term.


Top 10 signs your family is stressed...
You are trying to get your four-year-old to switch to decaffeinated.


38 posted on 06/19/2004 8:17:37 AM PDT by Valin (This was only a test; if this had been a real emergency, you'd be dead.)
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To: Valin
1978 Garfield the Cat animated character "Big fat hairy deal"

Odie was my favorite. He was such a "typical" dog.


39 posted on 06/19/2004 8:29:50 AM PDT by SAMWolf (I've had fun before. This isn't it.)
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To: SAMWolf

Garfield to Odie:
"You're such a suck up!"


40 posted on 06/19/2004 8:46:56 AM PDT by Valin (This was only a test; if this had been a real emergency, you'd be dead.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 39 | View Replies]

To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All
You, O Lord, are a shield for me. —Psalm 3:3


Fear not, I am with thee, O be not dismayed,
For I am thy God, I will still give thee aid;
I'll strengthen thee, help thee, and cause thee to stand,
Upheld by My gracious, omnipotent hand.

Safety is not the absence of danger but the presence of God.

41 posted on 06/19/2004 9:03:19 AM PDT by The Mayor (Christians are like coals of fire-together, they glow; apart, they grow cold.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Dear snippy_about_it,I have been to Waterloo,Iowa a number of times to play engagements there.They have a convention center there named The Sullivan Center.


42 posted on 06/19/2004 9:09:21 AM PDT by bandleader
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To: Valin

I've recently heard of this new thing called "food" it's said in "People" that it's the coming thing, and EVERYONE in hollywood is trying it, so I thought I'd give it a try.


43 posted on 06/19/2004 9:20:03 AM PDT by Valin (This was only a test; if this had been a real emergency, you'd be dead.)
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Comment #44 Removed by Moderator

To: SAMWolf
Hiya Sam.

Spider-boy went to karate lessons this morning.


Wax On!


Wax Off!


What am I supposed to do again?


Oh yeah, this.

45 posted on 06/19/2004 9:46:28 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Vexillologist to the FReeper Foxhole)
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To: Valin
1967 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD

I'm SHOCKED I tell ya.

46 posted on 06/19/2004 10:04:48 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (Vexillologist to the FReeper Foxhole)
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Comment #47 Removed by Moderator

To: Matthew Paul

Good afternoon to our dear Polish friend. Please post pictures of the funeral if you can find them.

I hope you get your referendum.


48 posted on 06/19/2004 12:44:36 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Professional Engineer

Cool flag-o-gram, thanks PE.


49 posted on 06/19/2004 12:46:08 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: Valin

Hiya Valin. Thanks for always bringing us the daily history.


50 posted on 06/19/2004 12:47:31 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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