Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

The FReeper Foxhole Profiles General Joseph Orville Shelby - June 28th, 2004 ^

Posted on 06/28/2004 12:00:12 AM PDT by SAMWolf


Keep our Troops forever in Your care

Give them victory over the enemy...

Grant them a safe and swift return...

Bless those who mourn the lost.

FReepers from the Foxhole join in prayer
for all those serving their country at this time.

...................................................................................... ...........................................


U.S. Military History, Current Events and Veterans Issues

Where Duty, Honor and Country
are acknowledged, affirmed and commemorated.



Our Mission:

The FReeper Foxhole is dedicated to Veterans of our Nation's military forces and to others who are affected in their relationships with Veterans.

In the FReeper Foxhole, Veterans or their family members should feel free to address their specific circumstances or whatever issues concern them in an atmosphere of peace, understanding, brotherhood and support.

The FReeper Foxhole hopes to share with it's readers an open forum where we can learn about and discuss military history, military news and other topics of concern or interest to our readers be they Veteran's, Current Duty or anyone interested in what we have to offer.

If the Foxhole makes someone appreciate, even a little, what others have sacrificed for us, then it has accomplished one of it's missions.

We hope the Foxhole in some small way helps us to remember and honor those who came before us.

To read previous Foxhole threads or
to add the Foxhole to your sidebar,
click on the books below.




Joseph Orville Shelby


Joseph Orville Shelby was born on December 12, 1830 in Lexington, Kentucky. The Shelby family was one of Kentucky's wealthiest and influential families. J. O. Shelby attended Transylvania University and was engaged in rope manufacturing until 1852 when he moved to Waverly, Missouri. In Waverly, he engaged in various enterprises including steam-boating on the Missouri and a hemp plantation. Being successful, Shelby became a member of the Missouri's social and political elite.

General Joseph Shelby

Name: SHELBY, Joseph Orville “Jo”
Born: December 12 1830, Lexington KY
Died: February 13 1897, Adrian MO

Pre-War Profession: Rope manufacturer, planter, Missouri-Kansas conflict.

War Service: 1861 Capt. of cavalry, Wilson's Creek, June 1862 Col., commanded a cavalry brigade, Prairie Grove, Helena (w), raided in Missouri 1863, December 1863 Brig. Gen., commanded a division in Price's Missouri raid, fled to Mexico to offer services to Maximilian.

General Joseph Shelby

Post War Career: Returned to US after the downfall of Maximilian, farmer, US marshal. General Jo Shelby led his "Iron Brigade" under this banner, and later used it after he ascended to Division command. In June 1865, he sunk his flag in the Rio Grande River on his way to Mexico rather than surrender the flag to the Federals. However, one of his men reputedly rescued the flag from its watery grave

One of the Confederacy's most effective cavalry leaders, Joseph 0. Shelby served entirely in the Trans-Mississippi West. A planter and rope manufacturer, he had had investments in both his native Kentucky and Missouri. During the Bleeding Kansas episode he led a company of Kentuckians on the slavery side.

Early in the Civil War he entered the Missouri State Guard and his assignments included:

  • Captain, Shelby's Ranger Company, Missouri State Guard (spring 1861);
  • Colonel, 5th Missouri Cavalry (1862);
    • commanding brigade, Marmaduke's Cavalry Division, 1st Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department (summer December 1862);
    • commanding brigade, Marmaduke's Cavalry Division, District of Arkansas, Trans-Mississippi Department January-July 4, 1863 and late 1863-September 1864);
  • Brigadier General, CSA (December 15, 1863);
    • commanding division, Army of Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Department (September 18-September 1864);
    • commanding lst (Missouri) Cavalry Brigade, lst (Missouri) Cavalry Division, Cavalry Corps, Trans-Mississippi Department (September 1864-May 26, 1865)
As a company commander he fought at Carthage, Wilson's Creek, and Pea Ridge before being sent back to Missouri to raise a regiment. As a colonel in charge of a brigade in John S. Marmaduke's mounted division, he fought at Prairie Grove and was wounded at Helena. Upon his recovery he was promoted to brigadier general and led a brigade at Jenkins' Ferry.

The Battle of Pea Ridge

During Price's invasion of Missouri in the late summer and fall of 1864 he led a cavalry division. When the Confederacy's collapse came he refused to surrender and led part of his force to Mexico where they unsuccessfully offered their services to either side.

When General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House, some Confederates refused to abandon their cause.

Having heard that Lincoln liked the idea of having former Confederate soldiers oust Emperor Maximilian from Mexico, Shelby decided that he had found a way to save their honor, spread their lost Southern empire, and gain riches and glory all at the same time.

This battle flag of C.S. Gen. Joseph O. Shelby was never surrendered, Oklahoma Historical Society.

Marching from camp at Corsicana, Texas, behind their war-scarred guidon or flag, the brigade passed through Waco, Houston, Austin, San Antonio, and other towns, declaring martial law and discouraging looters. In a funereal ceremony they buried their Confederate battle flag in the murky waters of the Rio Grande before heading into Mexico.

But Shelby's men did not want to join Mexican guerrillas to fight the emperor's forces. Identifying themselves as "imperialists," the "Iron Brigade" headed for Mexico City to offer their services to Emperor Maximilian. Along the way they spilled the blood of guerrillas and bandits, and in the name of diehard chivalry, they carried out a fiery, bloody attack on a hacienda to rescue an imprisoned woman. Once in Mexico City, the "Iron Brigade" discovered its march to have been futile, and in a bittersweet final review, Shelby said good-bye. The fate of the brigade's guidon is unknown.

A sword of this type was carried by Gen. Joe Shelby, C.S.A. who never surrendered his command. Hence the sword is fondly called Gen. Joe Shelby sword.

He then returned to his business interests in Missouri. Shelby began growing wheat near Lexington, promoting railroads and operating coal mines. In 1893, Shelby was appointed U. S. Marshal by President Grover Cleveland and held that position until his death on February 13, 1897.

Thanks to FReeper Lee Heggy for suggesting this thread

KEYWORDS: biography; civilwar; confederacy; freeperfoxhole; joesphshelby; joshelby; tranmississipi; veterans; warbetweenstates
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first previous 1-20 ... 41-6061-8081-100101-117 next last
To: All

Air Power
Douglas A(d)-1 Skyraider

Origin, WWII:
The Douglas "Skyraider" was a design submitted to the U.S. Navy as a replacement for the famous SBD dive-bomber. Originally designated as the XBT2D-1, the new aircraft made its maiden flight on March 18, 1945, two weeks ahead of schedule. It was the most powerful carrier-based aircraft ever built. Its single engine with its three fuselage stations and six racks on each wing could carry varied assortments of ordnance including rockets, mines, torpedoes, bombs, and napalms. In fact, it could carry more ordnance weight that that of the famous Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. The Navy gave Douglas a letter of intent of 543 aircraft, but the order was reduced to 277 after VJ (Victory in Japan) Day. In 1946, the aircraft was designated as "AD-1."

The prototype of the Skyraider was first flown on 18 March 1945. Designed as a robust, multirole attack aircraft for the US Navy, the carrier-based Skyraider was able to carry a wide variety of weapons on its numerous wing hardpoints. The Skyraider first saw combat in the Korean War, where its long loiter time and heavy load-hauling capability gave it a distinct utility advantage over the jet aircraft of the time.

Various versions were developed over the years; the most numerous types being: AD-1 (Initial production version with 2500hp R-3350 engine); AD-2 (Improved AD-1 with wheelwell covers and increased fuel load, etc.); AD-3 (Redesigned canopy, improved propeller, etc.); AD-4 (2700hp R-3350 engine, further canopy improvements, etc.); AD-4W (3-seat Early Warning version); AD-5 (4-seat multirole version. Many variants of the AD-5 were capable of carrying up to 12 passengers in the rear fuselage); AD-6 (Single-seat attack version).

During the 1960s, the AD-x designations were changed to A-1D through A-1J. The A-1 series was operated with enormous success during the Vietnam War, where it was used in the Ground Attack, Forward Air Control, and Search and Rescue roles. The AD-6 and AD-7 were used by the French Armee de l'Air in Algeria.

Nicknames: Able Dog; Sandy; Spad; Hobo; Firefly; Zorro; The Big Gun; Old Faithful; Old Miscellaneous; Fat Face (AD-5 version); Guppy (AD-5W version); Q-Bird (AD-1Q/AD-5Q versions); Flying Dumptruck (A-1E); Crazy Water Buffalo (South Vietnamese nickname).

The Remaining Years (Korea and Vietnam):
Few aircraft have been known by so many names as the Skyraider. At various times in its career, it was designated the BT2D, AD (Able Dog), A -1, and was also affectionately called the Destroyer, Hobo, Spad, Sandy, and the Flying Dump Truck.

Following the AD-1 came 178 AD-2s, 193 AD-3s and 1,051 AD-4s. These performed various roles as daytime and all-weather attack, radar patrol, and electronic countermeasures. In 1951 the variant two-seater AD-5 appeared, with a bigger cabin, and a year later production resumed with 713 single-seater AD-6 versions. The last version was the 72 AD-7s in 1955.

The Skyraider performed well in Korea by the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. It was described as the best close-support and interdiction aircraft in the world at that time. During one mission, ADs destroyed the floodgates of the Hwachon Dam using torpedoes. This precluded the enemy from flooding two valleys and holding back the American advance.

In Vietnam, the Skyraider was employed by both the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force. From carriers in the South China Sea, the Skyraiders carried out bombing strikes and close air support operations. It was used in operations against the Viet Cong strongholds in South Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. It picked up its famous call-sign "Sandy" as an integral element in the recovery of downed aircrew. It joined a team of helicopters in the rescue effort. it provided suppressive fire on the enemy while U.S. Air Force Sikorsky HH-3s (Jolly Greens) and Sikorsky HH-53s (Super Jolly Greens) plucked the down aircrew members.

Despite being a propeller-powered aircraft, A-1H Skyraiders of the 77th Task Force hold the incredible feat of shooting down two Mig 17s.

The Navy used the Skyraider up until April 1968, completing over 100,000 missions over Vietnam. Surplus Skyraiders were turn over to the South Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF). The U.S. Air Force continued to use the Skyraider in rescue operations.

Country of Origin: United States of America
Primary Function: Carrier-Borne Attack-Bomber
Manufacturer: Douglas Aircraft Company - El Segundo, California
Crew: Pilot Only
First Flight: 11 March 1945 XBT2D-1
Number Built: 3,180
Number Still Airworthy: Approx. 19

Wingspan: 50 feet 0.25 inches
Length: 38 feet 10 inches
Height: 15 feet 8.25 inch
Wing Area: 400.33 square feet
Weights: Empty: 11,968 lbs - Loaded: 18,106 lbs - Maximum: 25,000 lbs
Powerplant: One - Wright R-3350-26W Cyclone, air cooled, 18-cylinder radial, 2,700-hp

Maximum Speed: 322-mph at 18,000-feet
Cruising Speed: 198-mph
Climb Rate: 2,850-fpm
Service Ceiling: 28,500-feet
Normal Range: 1,316-miles

Four 20-mm cannon;
8,000-lbs of external stores on 1 underfuselage and 14 underwing hardpoints

Visit the The Able Dogs website.
This is a site for Skyraider vets and has 22 galleries of photos and tons of other information

All photos Copyright of The Able Dogs

81 posted on 06/28/2004 12:56:58 PM PDT by Johnny Gage (What was the best thing before "sliced" bread?)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it
Hi folks. We're back from vacation. :(

I read Thunder Run about the liberation of Baghdad and is it ever a good read. I knew the run was no cake walk, but it was a heck of an example of outstanding soldiering and bold, aggressive leadership. IMHO the Brigade commander should have been awarded a Cross, but he was lucky to receive a Silver Star because the P.C. crowd was all over him for his tankers firing on the Palestine Hotel, mistaking journalists with hi powered cameras trained on them for an enemy o.p. directing artillery on their position. Highly recommended.

82 posted on 06/28/2004 12:59:27 PM PDT by colorado tanker
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 80 | View Replies]

To: Ernest_at_the_Beach
I grew up in Eastern Kansas. As I recall Shelby wasn't much more popular than Quantrill. :)
83 posted on 06/28/2004 1:17:23 PM PDT by colorado tanker
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 72 | View Replies]

To: Johnny Gage
Thanks Johnny.

84 posted on 06/28/2004 1:51:32 PM PDT by SAMWolf (It's been lovely, but I have to scream now.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 81 | View Replies]

To: colorado tanker

Welcome back CT!

I read the abbreviated news account the same author wrote about the Thunder Run. Was gonna do a thread on it but it was from one of the papers we can't quote from. :-(

The book is on my "to get" list.

So how'd the vacation go?

85 posted on 06/28/2004 1:54:11 PM PDT by SAMWolf (It's been lovely, but I have to scream now.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 82 | View Replies]

To: Johnny Gage

Skyraiders, thanks Johnny, great link to the Able Dogs too.

86 posted on 06/28/2004 3:06:35 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 81 | View Replies]

To: colorado tanker

Hi ct. Vacations always end too soon. Sounds like you had a great one! Thanks for the review of Thunder Run.

87 posted on 06/28/2004 3:07:52 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 82 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf
Vacation was really terrific, Sam. We kept a relaxing pace, so the batteries are recharged. For me (not so much for the family), touring the ships in San Diego was a real treat. Ate lots of fresh seafood, another treat for us.

Sad to say, but Disneyland got on my nerves. There are long lines to do everything, even to get in the park (rumored due to budget cuts). Every time I go the people seem more rude and crude. You wouldn't believe the things some parents wear on tee shirts or even have tattooed on their bodies. But it was worth it to see the little tykes enjoying themselves.

88 posted on 06/28/2004 3:46:32 PM PDT by colorado tanker
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 85 | View Replies]

To: colorado tanker
Sad to say, but Disneyland got on my nerves. There are long lines to do everything

Nothing will spoil a vaction faster for me than "long lines" and waiting. I have zero patience, ask Snippy. Still, as long as it didn't spoil the entire trip and you enjoyed yourself, then all went well.

89 posted on 06/28/2004 4:58:41 PM PDT by SAMWolf (It's been lovely, but I have to scream now.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 88 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; SpookBrat; Light Speed; E.G.C.; alfa6; Tax-chick; The Mayor; Aeronaut; ...

Shelby's Expedition to Mexico
an Unwritten Leaf of the War
by John N. Edwards
Edited by Conger H. Beasley Jr.

Confederate general Joseph O. Shelby and his legendary Iron Brigade refused to acknowledge Lee's surrender at Appomattox. Instead, they fought their way to Mexico in search of a place where they could continue to defy the United States government. These veteran Missouri calvarymen clawed their way for fifteen hundred miles, fighting Juaristas, Indians, desperados, and disgruntled gringos. Never defeated, they disbanded only when the Emperor Maximilian (the Austrian pretender to an illusory Mexican throne) declined their services. Shelby's adjutant, journalist John N. Edwards, recorded the exploits of this superb mounted brigade and its quixotic final march.

This stirring adventure tale and gem of Lost Cause literature was first published in 1872 and except for a 1964 collectors' edition has been out of print for more than a century. Conger Beasley has written an appropriately lively introduction which includes the first biographical sketch of the author. He has also annotated the text to identify people, places, and events.

". . . [R]ecords the acts and sufferings of a body of men as desperately brave and as wildly adventurous as any whom the world has known. . . . [This is] a story to dazzle the fancy and stir the blood with deeds of desperate valor, with hair-breadth escapes, with splendors of tropical scenery, and horrors of Mexican cruelty. . . . [The] author, after the manner of Victor Hugo, whose style he has taken for his model, has thrown some arabesques of a lively imagination around and among his historical figures." - September 1874, Southern Magazine, The Transactions of the Southern Historical Society

"Shelby's Expedition to Mexico is the romantic yet authentic tale of how brave men with brave hopes sought to redeem defeat in one war by victory in another war, only again to lose all save honor. A classic." - Albert Castel, author of Decision in the West: The Atlanta Campaign of 1864 (Kansas, 1995)

University of Arkansas Press, Fall, '02


Reviewer: Dr. Victor S. Alpher from Austin, Texas, United States of America

General Jo Shelby's Final Review is re-enacted yearly in Chatfield, a small town near Corsicana, about 45 miles southeast of Dallas, Texas, in April. Shelby was the commander of the Missouri Cavalry Division in what was known as the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. His men distinguished themselves, often outnumbered, in battle after battle with the invading Yankees.

What is not well-known is that General Shelby did not surrender his forces to swear allegiance to the United States. Rather, he asked, "who will go with me to Mexico?" and led his men south of the Rio Grande, to uncertain futures in a post-Confederate world. These non-political soldiers were weary of the years of deprivation in the Lost Cause. This book chronicles some of their adventures, first told to the author as part of oral familial history of the Iron Brigade. The author met several people in Mexico City in the 1940s who claimed to have witnessed the Last Review.

Those who fought under "Old Jo" intended to maintain their sacred honor and "hatred of oppression" brought about by the invasion of the Southern states by what they felt was a mercenary army--and strangulation through blockade by an distained navy that deprived their countrymen, women, and children of basic necessities of life.

This is very interesting reading to any student of the American Civil War. General Shelby and his men finally found themselves caught in a political situation--the desire of Mexico to maintain peace with the United States after a victory over the French--commemorated yearly in the festivals of Cinco de Mayo (recalling May 5, 1862) across the southwestern U.S.

Their services refused, Shelby's last review was held in Mexico City, the Rebel Yell last heard amongst the ghosts of the Conquistadores, the Cavalry Guidon lowered, the battle flag having been buried somewhere on the border.

These last Confederates dispersed, many going to colonies of expatriates in foreign lands, from Brazil to China. Many could not reconcile to live under the domination of what they considered a foreign occupation, politely called Reconstruction.

A classic belonging in the library of any Civil War enthusiast.


Édouard Manet The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian 1868, Oil on canvas (Musée du Louvre, Paris)


90 posted on 06/28/2004 7:28:14 PM PDT by PhilDragoo (Hitlery: das Butch von Buchenvald)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; PhilDragoo
Hi all. Here is a really neat web site. There are tons of old military photos and stories here. For anyone interested:

91 posted on 06/28/2004 7:47:37 PM PDT by Diva Betsy Ross (It's not Bush's fault... it's the media's fault!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 89 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf; Professional Engineer
LOL! Great, we don't want any lawyers getting involved in lawsuits here. :-)

Quote from *Treasure Island

Longjohn Silver:

"Aye...When I'm a richman ...and a riddin to Parliment in my coach,
Don't want of them Sea Lawyers commin round uncalled for,
Like the Devil at Prayers"

92 posted on 06/28/2004 7:57:03 PM PDT by Light Speed
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 75 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf
Wow Sam...that is a great Pic find : )

VC sappers hit the flight line at Bein Hoa 1965

Run Charlie

93 posted on 06/28/2004 8:08:53 PM PDT by Light Speed
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 84 | View Replies]

To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf

Teal'c:"Others have noticed you changed your home page Col Isherwood....they say you have some splainnin to do"

Col Isherwood:"Ah for cry out loud ...What?...did I leave the front door unlocked again? wait...its that not readin the memo's thing again ...right": )

94 posted on 06/28/2004 8:29:53 PM PDT by Light Speed
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; PhilDragoo; Jen; MistyCA; SpookBrat; All
Evening all! Nice thread, Snippy, thanks.

95 posted on 06/28/2004 8:38:57 PM PDT by Victoria Delsoul ("In answer to what we promised, the infidel got his fair treatment," Al-Qaeda to wife's tearful plea)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: Light Speed

I'm hooked on it to!

96 posted on 06/28/2004 8:49:22 PM PDT by Valin (Everyone is entitled to their own opinion. It's just that yours is stupid.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 94 | View Replies]

To: Valin; SAMWolf
The Month That Saved America by Jay Winik

It is fascinating to study the Civil War.

Enjoy Shelby Foote's comments on the war..and his appearences in documentaries.
Went googling on Shelby to see if he had comment on the Iraq war.
Shelby is a Democrat..yet..his comments are intersting.
One theme he marks..that of integrity,clarity.
Symbolism/messages.... is another theme which I have seen running thru history>
Can't remember the Family's the outset of the Civil war...Bull Run I beleive,..this landowner decides he is leaving..taking the family to safer climes.
The war follows him..eventually the last pitch battles occur in his area...the Federals require his home to negotiate the Surrender of General Lee and the Army of Northern Virgina.
Appomatox : )

Ulysses S Grant.
U.S. Grant
At the outbreak of the Civil War,...Grant was living in Galena Illinois. the Latin word for Lead.

97 posted on 06/28/2004 8:54:14 PM PDT by Light Speed
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: Valin
Speaking of Hooked..

Am a History addict....[ My mom was a Librarian]...collect various History magazines,
Sea Classics,Military History,The Wild West..etc

How bout you?

98 posted on 06/28/2004 9:02:55 PM PDT by Light Speed
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 96 | View Replies]

To: SAMWolf; colorado tanker
I have zero patience, ask Snippy.

LOL. I'd put that at negative zero if there is such a thing. ;-)

99 posted on 06/28/2004 9:08:09 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 89 | View Replies]

To: PhilDragoo

Thanks Phil.

100 posted on 06/28/2004 9:09:17 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 90 | View Replies]

Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first previous 1-20 ... 41-6061-8081-100101-117 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794 is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson