Skip to comments.The FReeper Foxhole Saturday Symposium - Maryland joins the Confederacy? - June 25th, 2005
Posted on 06/24/2005 10:40:35 PM PDT by snippy_about_it
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In early 1861, Maryland was walking a tightrope between the Union and the Confederacy. In addition to being physically between the two sides, Maryland depended equally on the North and the South for its economy. Although Maryland had always leaned toward the south culturally, sympathies in the state were as much pro-Union as they were pro-Confederate. Reflecting that division and the feeling of many Marylanders that they just wanted to be left alone, the state government would not declare for either side.
For the Federal Government, however, there was no question about which side Maryland had to take. If she seceded, Washington D.C. would be surrounded by hostile states, effectively cut off from the rest of the Union. The situation came to a head on April 19, 1861, when the soldiers of the 6th Massachusetts Volunteers, moving through Baltimore on the way to Washington, were attacked by a pro-Southern mob. When the mob started shooting at the regiment, the soldiers returned fire, and when the smoke had cleared, four soldiers and twelve civilians had been killed.
To avoid further riots, it was decided to send troops through the Naval Academy at Annapolis. To ensure the safety of the troops and the loyalty of the state government, the Federal Government sent General Benjamin F. Butler to Annapolis to secure the city on April 22. That same day, Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks decided to call a special session of the General Assembly to discuss the crisis. At that time, the General Assembly met biannually, but popular outcry was so strong that the governor felt it necessary to call together the Assembly during an off year. However, he probably felt that anti-Union sentiment would run high in a city that had just been occupied by Northern troops, so Governor Hicks decided to convene the Legislature in Frederick, Maryland, a strongly pro-Union city.
The General Assembly first met in the Frederick County Courthouse on April 26. However, it was quickly found that the courthouse was too small, and so, on the second day, the Assembly moved to Kemp Hall the meeting hall belonging to the German Reformed Church. On April 30, the weekly Frederick Herald reported: "The Legislature seems comfortable and well provided for in their new halls in the German Reformed Building. The Senate occupies the Red Men's Hall, third story -- the House, the hall in the second story. These halls have been tastefully and appropriately fitted up for their purposes."
The main topic of discussion in those tastefully appointed halls was, of course, the question of whether or not to secede from the Union. As the General Assembly met throughout the long summer, a bill and a resolution were introduced calling for secession. Both failed because the legislators said that they did not have the authority to secede from the Union. Even many of the pro-Southern delegates and senators did not support the bills. At the same time, however, the legislators refused to reopen rail links to the Northern States, for fear the they would be used for military purposes and also by pro-Union agitators bent on revenge for the Baltimore riots. One of the few things the General Assembly did agree upon was a resolution sent to President Lincoln protesting the Union occupation of Maryland. It seems that the General Assembly was primarily interested in preserving Maryland's neutrality, for they neither wanted to secede from the Union, nor to allow Union troops to cross its territory in order to attack the Confederacy.
On August 7, the General Assembly adjourned, intending to meet again on September 17. However, on that day Federal troops and Baltimore police officers arrived in Frederick with orders to arrest the pro-Confederate members of the General Assembly. Thus, the special session in Frederick ended, as did Frederick's summer as the state capital, as Maryland found itself inexorably drawn further and further into the heart of the bloodiest war in American history.
A formal secession by Maryland would probably have had little impact on the war. It would have, to some extent, legitimized the heavy handed manner with which Mr. Lincoln illegally dealt with the state. The state itself would probably have split between a unionist west and a Confederate east, as did Virginia.
Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.
Good morning All.
Good grammar matters to me. As a writer and former English teacher, I'm bothered when I hear the wrong word used by people I think should know better. For instance, using "I" instead of "me" or "who" instead of "whom." There's a proper way to use the language, and it makes me cringe when the standard is violated.
There's another kind of incorrect word usage that is far worse. It happens when Christians utter words that fall short of the standard God expects. Whenever we use words that are considered crude, profane, or obscene, we violate God's clear standards.
Anytime we speak any form of God's name irreverently or in a way that doesn't honor Him, we displease Him (Exodus 20:7). If we joke about sinful practices, we are speaking in a way we shouldn't (Ephesians 5:12). Or if we participate in coarse talk (5:4), we bring dishonor to the name of Christ.
James said, "Out of the same mouth proceed blessing and cursing. . . . These things ought not to be so" (James 3:10). Such speech is hypocritical.
Controlling our tongue is difficult because it is an "unruly evil" (v.8). For the glory of God, and with respect for His standards, let's watch our words. Dave Branon
The more he saw, the less he spoke;
The less he spoke, the more he heard
Why aren't we like that wise old bird? Richards
Every time you speak, your mind is on parade.
Moses: His Anger And What It Cost Him
When Words Hurt
Good morning, Snippy. Another good article. I'm sharing this with my UDC sisters.
On this Day In History
Birthdates which occurred on June 25:
1373 Johanna II, Queen of Naples (1414-35)
1813 William Hugh Keim, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
1823 James Dunwody Bulloch, Capt (Confederate Navy), died in 1901
1864 Walther Hermann Nernst Prussian physical chemist (Nobel 1920)
1865 Robert Henri US painter, leader of the Ashcan school
1886 Henry (Hap) Arnold commanding general, US Army Air Force in WW II
1887 George Abbott Forestville NY, producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
1894 Hermann Oberth Germany, founded modern astronautics
1900 Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma, royal relative
1903 George Orwell England, satirist/author (Animal Farm, 1984)
1907 J Hans D Jensen Germany, physicist (atomic nuclei-Nobel 1963)
1924 Sidney Lumet Phila, director (Group, Pawnbroker, Fail Safe)
1925 Clifton Chenier blues singer (Bayou Blues, Bon Ton Roulet)
1925 June Lockhart NYC, actr (Lassie, Lost in Space, Petticoat Junction)
1925 Robert Venturi US, architect (Levittown NY, Las Vegas)
1933 Gary Crosby Calif, actor (Bill Dana Show, Adam 12, Chase)
1942 Patrick Michael Mitchell Ottawa, one of FBI's most wanted
1942 Willis Reed basketball hall-of-famer center (NY Knicks)
1945 Carly Simon NYC, singer (Anticipation, You're So Vain)
1949 Jimmie Walker Bronx NY, comedian (JJ-Good Times, At Ease)
1949 Phyllis George-Brown Denton Tx, Miss America (1971)/sportscaster
1963 George Michael England, rocker (Wham-I Want Your Sex)
1963 Mike Myers Canada, comedian (SNL-Wayne's World)
1979 Brandi Lynn Burkhardt, Miss Maryland Teen USA (1997)
Presently such extralegal measures would be extended throughout the Union, and secessionists and others judged subversive would find themselves in jail without the slightest pretense of due process.
To move a little forward, Bull Run (Union name)had emboldened Maryland's secessionist legislators wherein they called a special legislative session that Lincoln feared would vote to secede. Lincoln sent troops to occupy Baltimore, locked the mayor and thirty-one legislators in jail, and kept them there without trial for more than two months until a new and safely Unionist legislature was elected in November. Lincoln would reward Maryland (as other slave holding border states) by allowing them to continue slavery. Lincoln liberated enemy slaves like he liberated enemy cattle. The "principle asserted is not that a human being cannot justly own another, but that he cannot own him unless he is loyal to the United States."
On This Day In History: North Korean Invades South Korea
Episode Three: "A Single Drop of Rain"
[Does anyone recognize the guy in the mirror?]
Hard to see. give us a hint please.
Oh my goodness. It looks like that guy that was following your wife around Gettysburg last week!
Okay . . . but I'm not going to make it easy. Here's your hint: Go Here and look for a picture of a guy holding the Texas Flag with a beautiful woman.
That's right! And I had to beat the crap out of him! And the same goes if I catch him near you . . . sweets. ;^)
Good morning all.
I agree with PAR35. Maryland would have been forced to stay in the Union. It may have taken some more "occupation" troops to do it, but the end result would have been the same. IMHO, Maryland for the most part, wanted to stay "neutral" like Kentucky, the sentiment among the population was too evenly split between North and South. They may have declared for secession but it would not have stood and the South was in no position to do much to help that early in the war.point
LOL! a familiar scene in my yard. :-)
Hey! That looks like Trooper #4 in "Cohen and Tate".
LOL. We get squirrel questions everyday!
Do you think any of the folks on your ping list might be interested in this discussion?
"What if Maryland had joined the Confederacy in 1861? How would this have changed the war and why?"
This will be an interesting project to watch come together. Don't you ever rest?
I agree with the consensus so far, that Maryland could never be allowed to secede.
Now suppose Congress in those days was run by Dean-dong, Reid and Pelosi types who would not allow the President to do those nasty "illegal" things to keep Maryland in the Union? Well, if the Union had done nothing and had Maryland or Eastern Maryland seceded, I suppose we would have had to evacuate Washington and set up a temporary capital somewhere, maybe Philadelphia. That would have been a disaster, severely shaking Northern morale and possibly would have shifted the country to a Copperhead majority. Well, that's why Lincoln determined Maryland would never secede.
"We get squirrel questions everyday!"
Just print this out. It provides the answer to most squirrel questions.
More answers here:
By the way - it finally got hot enough and dry enough that the ducks on the roof went away.
Sam, you're scaring me . . . how did you find out my "top secret" past? ;^)
Did I mention I was a scrounger?
Bet if you used "Vic Ferrari" as a name , we'd see it more often. ;-)
Look at the bright side, "Engineer Mark" was a step up from "Trooper #4" ;-)
LOL! Good job.
Too much work for too little meat. ;-)
Did you ever get a picture? I just can't imagine ducks on a rooftop.
??? I'm guessing the guy in the mirror is you, which after reading this post has me imagining you throwing yourself around the field and then making a gift of flowers to the missus.
(Well.. something I'd do..)
I've beeen lurkin' around..
We really really need to rise up about this border issue.
There's enough metal for the fence in the Chihuahua plates in Santa Fe.
I think Lincoln was desperate to keep MD in the Union, fearing other states might follow example.