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The FReeper Foxhole Remembers JEB Stuart, Last Stand of the Last Knight(5/7-12/1864)-Aug. 8th, 2005
Civil War Times Magazine | June 2004 | Edward G. Longacre

Posted on 08/07/2005 9:55:41 PM PDT by SAMWolf


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Major General J.E.B. Stuart:
Last Stand of the Last Knight

Major General J.E.B. Stuart posted his horsemen at Yellow Tavern -- between Union attackers and Richmond -- and waited for the collision. It would come with a deadliness he could never have imagined.

The legendary plumed hat and longish hair and whiskers helped turn J.E.B. Stuart into the dashing cavalier of legend. But there was plenty of substance beneath the style.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant's overland campaign had ground to a halt. In two days of bitter but inconclusive fighting in the Virginia wilderness -- that forbidding expanse of second-growth pine and tangled thicket below the Rapidan River -- Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia had fought the larger and better-equipped Army of the Potomac to a standstill. The daring and aggressive Lee had foiled his enemy's attempt to slice through the Wilderness and march on to Richmond, the Confederate capital. Aided by the great profusion of natural cover, Lee had parried the thrusts of Major General George Gordon Meade, the Union army's commander, and had blunted the broad strategy imparted to Meade by Grant, who was accompanying the Army of the Potomac in his role as general in chief of all U.S. armies. By the evening of May 7, 1864, the massive Union host sat stalled along the forest's southern rim.

Lee gave much credit for his success to his cavalry, especially its leader, Major General James Ewell Brown Stuart. Throughout the fighting that had just ended, the 31-year-old native of Patrick County, Virginia, had made inspired use of his 9,000 horsemen. As on numerous fields the previous fall, this most celebrated mounted leader of the war took the measure of his 12,000 opponents in the Union cavalry, currently led by a newcomer to the Virginia theater, the diminutive and feisty Major General Philip H. Sheridan. On the first day of fighting in the Wilderness, Stuart's savvy veterans cut off and pummeled Sheridan's advance echelon. On the second day they put heavy pressure on other elements of Sheridan's command, not only slowing their advance and that of the infantrymen in their rear, but also denying Meade critical intelligence on Lee's dispositions. To cap their performance, on May 7 Stuart's riders frustrated Sheridan's attempt to penetrate south of Todd's Tavern and open a way for Grant and Meade to exit the Wilderness in the direction of Spotsylva-nia Court House.

While Lee and Stuart worked closely and cordially in tandem, the same could not be said of Meade and Sheridan. Grant had brought Sheridan from Tennessee to command the Army of the Potomac's cavalry without asking for Meade's consent. Both Meade and Sheridan were highly competent officers, but Meade had a temper as volatile as Sheridan's. The two cooperated well enough during their first 24 hours below the Rapidan, but a clash of wills and temperaments seemed inevitable. By the evening of May 7, it was on the horizon.

The trouble began in earnest on the afternoon of the 6th, when Meade received an erroneous report that Confederate infantry had gotten between Sheridan and the army's infantry, threatening to encircle the cavalry. Against Sheridan's protests, Meade ordered the cavalry to withdraw from Todd's Tavern. The next morning, as Sheridan had foreseen, Grant ordered the cavalry back to spearhead the army's march south to Spotsylvania. By then, however, one of Stuart's divisions, under Major General Fitzhugh Lee, occupied the very works around the tavern that the Federals had just vacated. It took an all-day slugging match to evict the newcomers, saddling Sheridan with a casualty list he blamed on Meade's overreaction to bad news.

Robert E. Lee relied on J.E.B. Stuart for everything from crack reconnaissance to timely raids. He would do the same in early May 1864 in Virginia’s Wilderness, with Stuart matching wits and spirit with Philip Sheridan (top), who had recently taken over cavalry command in the Army of the Potomac, under commander George G. Meade (bottom).

Sheridan's anger and frustration were still simmering when the next provocation came. Late on the 7th, after the fighting had died down, Meade went forward with his staff to inspect his positions below Todd's Tavern. Visiting the bivouacs of two of Sheridan's three divisions, he learned that the commanders -- Brigadier Generals Wesley Merritt and David McMurtrie Gregg -- had received no marching orders for the next morning. Without immediately informing Sheridan, he issued orders of his own. He sent Merritt's men to secure the Brock Road, the most direct route to Spotsylvania from the north, and he directed Gregg to head southwest along the Catharpin Road to guard Corbin's Bridge over the Po River, a logical avenue of enemy pursuit. Meade did not communicate with Sheridan's third division, under Brigadier General James Harrison Wilson, which already had orders to seize Spotsylvania early the next morning and hold it until the infantry arrived.

When Sheridan learned of Meade's intervention, he was incensed. He later claimed he intended for Merritt and Gregg to secure not only Corbin's Bridge, but also two other spans over the meandering Po -- Snell's Bridge and the so-called Block House Bridge, both of which offered the enemy alternate routes to Spotsylvania. Meade's orders placed Merritt's command a mile or more from Block House Bridge and left Snell's completely unguarded.

Because Sheridan never issued orders of his own, it is difficult to validate his claim that he was more farsighted than Meade. As he had proved on previous occasions, he was not averse to bending the truth to win an argument. Hindsight, however, placed Meade's decisions in a bad light. Early on the morning of the 8th, Lieutenant General Richard H. Anderson, temporarily commanding Lee's First Corps, led 12,000 Confederate infantry and artillery along the Shady Grove Church Road, across the Po at Block House Bridge, and into Spotsylvania. Supported by elements of Stuart's cavalry, Anderson drove out Wilson's troopers, who had arrived not much earlier. Although it would take two weeks of fighting to establish the fact beyond doubt, Lee had thwarted Grant's first attempt to pass around his south flank on the road to Richmond.

The events of May 7 were enough to cause a rift between Meade and his cavalry leader, but the breach widened after 3:00 the next morning, when the army's infantry vanguard, the V Corps of Major General G. K. Warren, began its march toward Spotsylvania. At about the same time, Merritt's troopers set out to clear the Brock Road, as Meade had ordered. But, as Lieutenant George B. Sanford of the 1st U.S. Cavalry observed, "We had certainly not advanced a mile and daylight had scarcely broken, when we were again as heavily engaged as on the previous evening. For perhaps an hour or more we managed to make some slight progress, but then by the increasing weight of the fire it became evident that Stuart had been reinforced by the Confederate infantry, and our advance came practically to a standstill." Soon, Warren's infantrymen found their path blocked by Union troopers, horses, and wagons, and it became clear they would not reach Spotsylvania in time to evict Anderson.

Warren, whose temper rivaled Meade's and Sheridan's, complained loudly about the foul-up, which he blamed on the cavalry in his front. Upon hearing the criticism, Sheridan reacted just as angrily. Arriving on the site of the traffic jam about 5:00 a.m., he pulled Merritt's men off the road, cursing Meade's interference.

When the V Corps at last went forward around 6:00, some of Warren's subordinates unleashed invective of their own. Brigadier General John C. Robinson, the bushy-whiskered commander of Warren's advance division, was heard to shout, "Oh, get your double damned cavalry out of the way, there is nothing ahead but a little cavalry, we will soon clear them out!" One cavalryman who overheard this outburst thought to himself, "Old man, you will find something more than a little cavalry on ahead; but on he went and in less than fifteen minutes afterwards I saw them carry my General Robinson back on a stretcher with a leg shot off."

Sheridan at Yellow Tavern

Shortly before noon, as the V Corps continued to make glacial progress against Fitz Lee and Anderson, Sheridan caught up with Meade. Then erupted one of the loudest, bitterest shouting matches ever overheard by the Army of the Potomac headquarters staff. Meade echoed Warren's criticism that the cavalry should have cleared the Brock Road long before the infantry reached it. Sheridan retorted that Meade's unwarranted meddling in the cavalry's operations had caused the foul-up. As Sheridan admitted, "One word brought on another, until, finally, I told him that I could whip Stuart if he [Meade] would only let me, but since he insisted on giving the cavalry directions without consulting or even notifying me, he could henceforth command the Cavalry Corps himself -- that I would not give it another order." Sheridan stalked off in a huff.

Such flagrant insubordination could not go unpunished. Meade went directly to Grant's headquarters, where he recounted the episode, epithet for epithet. No doubt he expected Grant to take his side in the quarrel, so he must have been shocked when Grant appeared to act otherwise. But when he related Sheridan's boast that he could defeat Stuart if given a free hand, Grant is said to have replied, "Did he say so? Then let him go out and do it."

Major General Fitzhugh Lee

Meade must have been shocked. Instead of disciplining Sheridan, he was forced to send him on the mission of his dreams. By 1:00 p.m. that day, he had written an order directing Sheridan to concentrate his command, stockpile three days' rations and an appropriate amount of forage, cut loose from the army, detour eastward around Spotsylvania, and head for Haxall's Landing. At that supply base, 50-some miles to the south, Sheridan was to link with Major General Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James, which was operating directly against Richmond. There, the cavalry would refit prior to rejoining its own command. The operation, which the enemy undoubtedly would interpret as a raid on Richmond, was principally an effort to draw Stuart's men into the open for a finish fight.

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Sheridan was delighted with his orders, which validated his belief that cavalry's primary role was independent operations, not close support of the main army. He realized the magnitude of the opportunity handed to him, and he vowed to make the most of it. As he later wrote, "I sent for Gregg, Merritt, and Wilson and communicated the order to them, saying at the same time, 'We are going out to fight Stuart's cavalry in consequence of a suggestion from me; we will give him a fair, square fight; we are strong, and I know we can beat him, and in view of my recent representations to General Meade I shall expect nothing but success.'"

Bickering between Sheridan and Meade began almost immediately, when Meade ignored Sheridan’s opinion only to set up a costly clash at Todd’s Tavern (above) with Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee, Stuart’s second-in-command.

Early the next morning, more than 10,000 blue-jacketed troopers, accompanied by horse artillery batteries, ammunition wagons, ambulances, and pack mules trotted out the plank road toward Fredericksburg, then south along the historic Telegraph Road toward Richmond. Sheridan had elected to take all but five partially dismounted regiments. Never before had such a throng set off on a mission in the eastern theater. As if to better display the power at his disposal, Sheridan marched his force in a single column more than 12 miles long. From the start, the gait was slow and deliberate, in contrast to the near-killing pace Sheridan's predecessors had forced on men and mounts. The day was warm and dry and this, added to the prospect of an open road after days of battle in the maddening Wilderness, lifted the troopers' spirits. The only blot on the enthusiasm was the effect that thousands of hooves had upon the sun-baked Telegraph Road. An officer in Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer's Wolverine Brigade of Merritt's division observed, "Clouds of dust...fill eyes, nose, and air passages, [and] give external surfaces a uniform, dirty gray color, and form such an impenetrable veil that, for many minutes together, you can not see even your hand before you."

General Wesley Merritt

The dust gave away Sheridan's position and hinted at his intentions. Just as Sheridan had hoped, Stuart's scouts tracked the Union column almost from the hour it set out. First to observe its movements were members of Brigadier General Williams C. Wickham's brigade of Fitz Lee's division, patrolling the Confederate far right south of Fredericksburg. Wickham reported the size of Sheridan's column to Stuart, noted that it appeared to be on a raid and opined that it was heading for Beaver Dam Station, a Virginia Central Railroad depot 30 miles above Richmond.

The report reached stuart east of Spotsylvania Court House, where he was watching Brigadier General Lunsford L. Lomax's brigade of Fitz Lee's division battle Meade's vanguard. At once, Stuart understood that he must bar Sheridan's path, but his tactical options were limited. His first division, under Major General Wade Hampton, was well to the west and north, engaged along the Po River. Realizing that Hampton could not relocate in timely fashion, Stuart decided to pursue with Lomax's Virginians and Marylanders -- who in midafternoon were relieved by infantry -- and the North Carolina brigade of Brigadier General James B. Gordon, recently detached from Hampton's command. These forces would be augmented by Wickham's Virginians, whom Stuart ordered to trail the Federal column, slowing it as much as possible. The Confederate pursuit force was less than half the size of Sheridan's party, but Stuart had beaten longer odds on more than a few occasions.

General David McMurtrie Gregg

By 3:00 p.m. Stuart was heading south from Spotsylvania, accompanied by Fitz Lee, Lomax's troopers, a horse artillery unit, and a two-gun section of a second battery. Sheridan had such a head start that this force, even riding at top speed, would not catch him until the next morning. Having much the shorter route, Wickham's troops enjoyed what one of his troopers described as "the satisfaction of harassing the enemy to our heart's content." Late in the afternoon they made first contact at Jerrell's Mill on the Ta River, about 22 miles from Sheridan's starting point. The blow fell squarely on the rear guard, part of Brigadier General Henry E. Davies's brigade of Gregg's division. Davies eventually repulsed the attackers, but for a time his position was awash in chaos as panicked troopers fled through the ranks of the next regiments in line.

After destroying Jerrell's Mill and the grain and flour stockpiled there, the Federals resumed their march. They found, however, that they could not shake Wickham, whose point riders struck time and again in hit-and-run fashion. At first an irritant, the small-unit assaults became a cause of alarm as casualties mounted. Finally, Davies had had enough. Near Mitchell's Shop, five miles south of Jerrell's Mill, he set a trap by having his rear guard feign retreat. As the Federals raced along a bend in the narrow, tree-lined road, Wickham's men sped forward, shouting in triumph, directly into a crossfire from dismounted members of the 1st New Jersey and 1st Pennsylvania, positioned behind good cover on both sides of the road. Dozens of Confederates fell dead or wounded before the survivors managed to pull back. An angry and frustrated Wickham collected his men, tended to his casualties, and sent a small force to observe the enemy at a more prudent distance. He then waited for Stuart, Lee, and the rest of the pursuit force to join him.

General James B. Gordon

Stuart and Lee, riding ahead of the main body, did not reach Mitchell's Shop until nightfall. The bulk of Lomax's brigade arrived about an hour later. Gordon's men, whose disengagement from Spotsylvania had been slow and precarious, reined in some time before midnight. By then Stuart had decided to split the force so recently concentrated. He sent Fitz Lee, with Wickham's and Lomax's men, south to Beaver Dam Station. There, they could counter any attempt by Sheridan to cut the Virginia Central close to Richmond or to move against the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad. Meanwhile, Stuart accompanied Gordon's brigade farther west to oppose any raiding parties that slipped around Lee's right flank.

Stuart's side operation proved unnecessary, but early the next morning Lee caught up with Sheridan's column, which was breaking camp just above the North Anna after a long, leisurely sleep. Quickly emplacing his battery-and-a-half, Lee shelled the Federal rear -- now held by Wilson's division -- as it began to accompany Gregg's men across the stream to join Merritt near Beaver Dam Station. As one perturbed raider put it, "Reveille was sounded by the enemy with artillery and carbines, instead of the friendly trumpet or bugle." As the raiders fell into line, dismounted, to oppose the intruders, Sheridan sent Custer's brigade of Merritt's division to occupy and destroy Beaver Dam Station. At that strategic depot the Federals not only torched a vast amount of railroad property but also liberated nearly 400 Union prisoners of war from trains carrying them to Richmond prisons.

The fight along the North Anna was sharp but brief. Believing the terrain unsuited to a decisive engagement, Sheridan had his entire column moving toward Richmond, 27 miles away, by midmorning. Aware that he lacked the manpower to force a longer encounter, Fitz Lee let him go and crossed the river to inspect the smoldering ruins of Beaver Dam Station. Stuart and Gordon joined him there a few hours later.

Having guessed wrong about Sheridan's westward strike, Stuart now suspected he might head east to Hanover Junction, where he could cut not only the Virginia Central but also the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. Again, Stuart divided his force. Because the Federals had pushed directly south from Beaver Dam, he sent Gordon and his North Carolinians in that direction, while he accompanied Lee's brigades cross-country toward the junction. Before starting out, however, Stuart ran an impromptu errand of his own. Accompanied by a single aide, Lieutenant A. Reid Venable, he left Beaver Dam and rode a mile and a half to the Edmond Fontaine plantation. There, he fell into the arms of his family, who had been staying as guests of Colonel Fontaine. After embracing his wife, Flora, Stuart kissed four-year-old James, Jr., and 17-month-old Virginia Pelham Stuart. The "most affectionate fare-well," as Venable pronounced it, lasted only minutes; then Stuart and he galloped back to the main body.
1 posted on 08/07/2005 9:55:42 PM PDT by SAMWolf
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To: snippy_about_it; radu; Victoria Delsoul; w_over_w; LaDivaLoca; TEXOKIE; cherry_bomb88; Bethbg79; ...
The two officers overtook Lee's column on the march and accompanied it to Hanover Junction. There, Stuart found he had guessed both right and wrong about his enemy's latest intentions. Sheridan had not attacked the junction. Instead, he had continued south across the Little and South Anna rivers. But below the South Anna he had indeed turned eastward toward Ashland Station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Rail-road; in fact, only the Federal rear guard was still at that depot, the main body having pushed on south. At last convinced that Sheridan intended to attack Richmond, Stuart sent one regiment, the 2nd Virginia, ahead to Ashland, where it chased off enemy stragglers. Gordon's brigade followed shortly after, aiming for the rear of the main column. Stuart and the remaining men, including the horse artillery, rode southeastward at a furious clip, determined to intercept the Federals short of the capital.

Major General J.E.B. Stuart

Sheridan's column took a roundabout route toward Richmond, moving parallel to the railroad for some miles after leaving Ashland before angling off in the direction of an old, abandoned watering hole known as Yellow Tavern, six miles north of Richmond. Divining Sheridan's objective, Stuart beat him to that dilapidated landmark, where the Mountain and Telegraph roads came down from the northwest and northeast, respectively, to form the Brook Turnpike, a major avenue to Richmond. Sizing up the area for its defensive potential in the midmorning of May 11, Stuart determined to make a stand. He deployed Lomax's brigade astride and east of the Telegraph Road and Wickham's men farther to the north and west. The troopers, most of them dismounted, took a position behind farm fences and atop tree-covered ridges. Artillery units trundled into position at various points along both lines. All weapons -- cannon, carbines, pistols -- pointed west toward the Mountain Road, on which the Federals could be seen advancing.

Sheridan's point riders came into view at about 11:00. Satisfied that the showdown he awaited had arrived, Sheridan moved immediately to the attack. Even as he did so, however, he had to turn about and confront Gordon's men, who thudded into the Union rear, again covered by Gregg. As had happened two days earlier, the attack created a panic in the Union ranks before order could be restored. A fierce saber and pistol battle between mostly mounted opponents followed and lasted well over an hour. The men of the 10th New York of Colonel J. Irvin Gregg's brigade found themselves in the thick of the action. One New Yorker had his skull crushed by a heavy blade in the hands of a hulking Confederate. A second killed an opponent literally at point-blank range, pressing his carbine against the man's back, pulling the trigger, and shattering his vertebrae. A third fell from his saddle in the midst of the melee and escaped being trampled only by grabbing the tail of a passing horse, which pulled him to safety. The strange battle slackened only when reinforcements from Davies's brigade rushed up to beat back the attackers and hold them at arm's length.

While Gregg battled Gordon, Sheridan advanced his main force in the opposite direction. Ordering large portions of each division to dismount, he sent Wilson's men to occupy Wickham and, farther south, Merritt's troopers to oppose Lomax and gain access to the turnpike to Richmond. Both commands made headway -- at first slowly, against fierce resistance, especially from Stuart's horse artillery. Then, as Sheridan's greater numbers began to tell, his men made steadier progress toward the Telegraph Road and the Brook Turnpike. By perhaps 3:00 p.m., the Confederates had been forced back at all points, although a counterattack on the right by Wickham's Virginians had regained most of the ground lost in that sector. More importantly, Brigadier General Thomas C. Devin's brigade of Merritt's division had fought its way afoot around Stuart's lower flank and held the upper reaches of the turnpike.

At this point, the Confederates appeared to be holding on for dear life. Sheridan, whose most memorable characteristic was his killer instinct, determined to press his advantage as far as it would go. He saw an opening when a battery along the Confederate left flank -- Captain Wiley H. Griffin's Baltimore Light Artillery -- began to infiltrate the Union right-center, held by the Michigan Brigade. At Sheridan's urging, Custer -- who shared his superior's predilection to go for the jugular -- advanced the dismounted troopers of his 5th and 6th Michigan to clear a path for a mounted charge by the rest of his brigade. The carabineers were successful enough that, at about 4:00 p.m., Custer sent forward the mounted 1st Michigan -- a regiment he had led in a similar attack on the third day at Gettysburg -- followed by elements of the 7th Michigan Cavalry.

With a fierce yell, the charging troopers covered the distance to their target -- approximately 400 yards -- with remarkable speed, especially considering the obstacles in their path, which included several fences and a meandering watercourse. Despite the resistance they met on all sides, the Wolverines reached Griffin's battery before its guns could be trained on them. Slicing downward with their sabers, they knocked hapless gunners off their feet. Other Michiganders chased off the battery's mounted supports. Still others swarmed over the guns, capturing two of them and carrying them off in triumph along with a pair of ammunition-laden limbers and dozens of prisoners.

Noting Custer's success, Sheridan gave the order to advance on all fronts. With renewed momentum, Wilson's men began to drive in Wickham's, while the bulk of Merritt's command pushed back the troops on either side of the captured battery. Taking part in the push were many of the dismounted men who had paved the way for the 1st Michigan, including Private John A. Huff of Armada, Michigan. Formerly a member of one of Colonel Hiram Berdan's celebrated sharpshooter regiments, Huff had reenlisted in the spring of 1864 and opted to ride to war with the 5th Michigan. Ironically, he now found himself charging a Rebel battle line afoot, lugging a Colt Army revolver instead of a rifle with a telescopic sight. Still imbued with the sharpshooter instinct, Huff singled out an officer in a plumed hat, sitting on his horse along the Telegraph Road just north of where the battery had gone under. The rider was firing his own pistol at a group of Huff's comrades. Taking careful aim at a distance of more than 400 yards, the private drilled his victim in the right side of his abdomen with a 44-caliber bullet and then raced for his own lines to avoid retaliation.

As Huff retreated, members of Stuart's staff turned to see their general, an expert horseman, reel in his saddle. When a crimson stain spread along the waist of his gray jacket, they realized to their horror that Stuart had been wounded. One of Stuart's closest subordinates, Captain Gustavus W. Dorsey of the 1st Virginia, was close enough to reach up and steady him in the saddle. When Dorsey asked Stuart about his condition, Stuart replied in a quiet voice, "I'm afraid they've killed me, Dorsey." By this point, both Wickham's and Lomax's men were falling back to positions beyond the Telegraph Road, giving Sheridan complete access to the Brook Turnpike and Richmond. Afraid that his entire line was collapsing, Stuart at first refused to be taken to the rear. He shouted to Dorsey and all near him, "Go back to your men and drive the enemy!"

But it was too late. The sun was going down and the battle was ending as a strategic victory for the Federals. All the Confederates could do was escort Stuart from the field. The noise and carnage on every side had rendered Stuart's horse unmanageable, so Dorsey helped the general to the ground, placed him against the base of a tree, rounded up another horse, and, with the assistance of comrades, helped him remount. Holding the suffering Stuart in the saddle, Dorsey and the others helped him to the rear. En route, an increasing number of riders passed them at breakneck speed. The sight so overwhelmed Stuart that he called out in an anguished voice, "Go back! go back! and do your duty as I have done mine, and our country will be safe. Go back! go back! I had rather die than be whipped."

About half a mile behind the front, Confederates placed Stuart in an ambulance, which he shared with Reid Venable and a second aide, Lieutenant Walter Hullihen. Soon afterward, Fitz Lee and Stuart's medical director, Major John B. Fontaine, arrived. Stuart formally passed his command to an ashen-faced Fitz Lee, and then Doctor Fontaine turned Stuart onto his side and gently probed the wound. During or immediately after the procedure, Stuart, fearing he had taken on the death-pallor he had observed on the countenance of so many badly wounded subordinates, asked Venable and Hullihen how he looked "in the face." Hesitating only slightly, both aides pronounced him free of the pallor. Stuart was silent for a moment and then remarked, "Well, I don't know how this will turn out; but if it is God's will that I shall die I am ready." At one point Fontaine suggested that Stuart would benefit from an alcoholic stimulant. At first Stuart, a lifetime teetotaler, refused, but at Venable's strong urging, he relented.

It was indeed God's will that Stuart should die, and soon. Fontaine's original diagnosis -- that Huff's bullet had severed blood vessels and perforated Stuart's intestines, a fatal condition -- was later confirmed via more thorough examination by other surgeons. Detouring around Sheridan's roadblock on the Brook Turnpike, the ambulance lurched along, slowly and painfully carrying Stuart to Richmond, the sounds of battle growing ever fainter. Early on May 12, Stuart was finally placed in bed at the Grace Street home of his brother-in-law Dr. Charles Brewer. There he lay, often in great pain, as doctors tried unsuccessfully to stop the internal hemorrhaging. In the distance he could hear the sounds of renewed combat as Sheridan's raiders struggled to cross the James River northeast of the city against spirited opposition from Stuart's appointed successor, Fitz Lee. Considering his primary mission fulfilled at Yellow Tavern, Sheridan had decided against a direct attack on Richmond. Then he was content to head south to refit in preparation for a triumphal return to the Army of the Potomac.

Death from peritonitis overtook Stuart at 7:40 p.m., four hours before his hastily summoned wife could reach his side. By then Stuart had disposed of his official papers and personal effects, had led his attendants in the singing of hymns, and had informed a stream of sorrowing visitors, including President Jefferson Davis, that he was willing to die "if God and my country think I have fulfilled my destiny and done my duty." All he addressed in this way assured him that he had done so, nobly and well.

Grave of Gen. J. E. B. Stuart in Hollywood Cemetery, with Temporary Marker - Richmond, VA, 1865

Generations of historians have echoed the sentiment of those at the deathbed, ensuring Stuart a place among the world's most successful leaders of mobile strike forces. Yet his greatest contribution to military science was not in the realm of battlefield tactics but in his unerring ability to send his commanders accurate, specific, up-to-date reports of enemy movements and intentions -- real-time strategic intelligence, as it is called today. It was this gift that Robert E. Lee emphasized in his famous lament that Stuart "never brought me a piece of false information."

Additional Sources:

2 posted on 08/07/2005 9:56:30 PM PDT by SAMWolf (The fact that no one understands you doesn't mean you're an artist.)
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To: All

"My column reached Yellow Tavern about 8 a.m. No enemy had passed that point but citizens and some furloughed men report that the enemy have gone in heavy column toward Dover Mills on James River. It is probable that they will either turn toward Richmond on that road or toward Gordonsville. I will sweep after them from Yellow Tavern and from Kirby's Mill, and will let you hear from me from time to time. I sent you one dispatch this morning by young George. I also heard some firing towards their place of encampment at about 7 a.m. Probably Gordon engaging them. The Central road is safe to Hanover Junction. JEB Stuart, Major Genl - Please telegraph substance of this to Gen RE Lee Send dispatch by Yellow Tavern to take Lomax's line of march. JEBS"

[This is believed to be the last dispatch from Stuart]

3 posted on 08/07/2005 9:56:57 PM PDT by SAMWolf (The fact that no one understands you doesn't mean you're an artist.)
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4 posted on 08/07/2005 9:57:20 PM PDT by SAMWolf (The fact that no one understands you doesn't mean you're an artist.)
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To: SAMWolf
From our visit to the Museum of the Confederacy:

Frock, saddle, saber, hat, pistols, writing desk, etc. all worn by and belonging to Gen. Jeb Stuart.

5 posted on 08/07/2005 10:36:32 PM PDT by w_over_w (Remember the good 'ol days? When you had to walk to the TV set to change it?)
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To: Colonial Warrior; texianyankee; vox_PL; Bigturbowski; ruoflaw; Bombardier; Steelerfan; ...

"FALL IN" to the FReeper Foxhole!

Good Monday Morning Everyone.

If you want to be added to our ping list, let us know.

6 posted on 08/07/2005 10:44:34 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: w_over_w

I remember this. ;-)

Thanks for posting it sweets.

7 posted on 08/07/2005 10:45:22 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it
I love JEB Stuart... America's finest calvary man...

As with the entire Confederate Army, by the end of the war wear and tear and the inability to get fresh horses guaranteed that the Union calvary would get the upper hand.

Stuart could only ride his horses for 3 or 4 miles before he had to rest them, they were so beaten up.

He had a joie de vivre and his life motto was... I would rather die than be whipped.

Longstreet said he was always amazed that Stuart could go to sleep in a minute and wake up in a minute... be instantly alert.

When Lee needed Stuart to carry a message to Jackson during the 2nd Battle of Manassas, Stuart did his customary instant wake up, took the message, and a moment later had disappeared in a cloud of dust, but, Lee remembered fondly, that you could Stuart singing, "For a Good Time Jine the Calvary..."

Jackson and Stuart... two deaths that devastated our good General Lee...

8 posted on 08/07/2005 10:52:38 PM PDT by carton253 (It's better to have a gun and not need it than not have a gun and need it.)
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To: carton253
The world was shifting to modern war at this time. I see 1861-65 as the first modern war. Grant's campaign in Virginia was a harbinger of the Western Front.

A grim affair this modern war is, with a brutal calculus and little mercy. Not a good time for the Merry Cavalier.

Sheridan was the future, and Grant. The gentleman, that old and constant soldier, has faded away. Vulgarity rules. Most sad.
9 posted on 08/08/2005 12:21:17 AM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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To: carton253
I have studied General Jackson somewhat. Sometimes he could see the future.

There is a story going around that General Jackson's death by friendly fire was no accident. The shooter was a fellow angry that a cousin had been executed for being absent without leave. If so, a brutal irony indeed.
10 posted on 08/08/2005 12:25:30 AM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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To: w_over_w
Look at the size of that frock coat's waistline. Not an extra ounce on General Stuart.

Food was very short by then and had been short for quite some time. Ain't easy to be a proper soldier on real short rations.

Always liked my eats, myself.

Just terrible to lose such good men. We need their great great grandchildren now. Blood always tells. Such a loss.
11 posted on 08/08/2005 12:39:36 AM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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To: SAMWolf
There were men in those days.

Speaking of General Stuart, Machiavelli said there were but three types of government, and Plato said that these three forms tended to cycle through Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Democracy in any given people. If the governments are bad, say Tyranny, Oligarchy, and Licentiousness (Machiavelli on this last).

So me, hoping for a King, a real one, like Robert the Bruce, or of the family of his heirs and successors - the Stuarts. Otto von Hapsburg would suit.

I'd be pleased with George Walker Bush.
12 posted on 08/08/2005 12:48:04 AM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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To: snippy_about_it
Howdy, Miss Snippy.

You know, this Foxhole is peopled by very deserving folks. Nobility here. A privilege to be invited.
13 posted on 08/08/2005 12:57:01 AM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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To: Iris7
Jackson could not see the future.

He was shot by soldiers of the 18th North Carolina...

It was an accident. They did not know who they were shooting at that night.

When you read about their lives after the war, you realize that it was not a revenge shooting, but a thing that happens in the fog of war.

14 posted on 08/08/2005 12:58:12 AM PDT by carton253 (It's better to have a gun and not need it than not have a gun and need it.)
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To: SAMWolf

My only complaint with the summary of Stuart's life is that Flora and children arrived three hours after his death...

15 posted on 08/08/2005 1:00:12 AM PDT by carton253 (It's better to have a gun and not need it than not have a gun and need it.)
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To: carton253

Never mind... I misread...that's what I get for being up so late... LOL!

16 posted on 08/08/2005 1:02:08 AM PDT by carton253 (It's better to have a gun and not need it than not have a gun and need it.)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it

Good morning!

Wonderful article. Saving for a future history segment of UDC.

17 posted on 08/08/2005 2:58:22 AM PDT by Humal
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To: snippy_about_it

Good morning, Snippy and everyone at the Freeper Foxhole.((HUGS))

18 posted on 08/08/2005 3:01:35 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Darksheare; PhilDragoo; Matthew Paul; Wneighbor; ...
Good morning everyone!

To all our military men and women past and present, military family members, and to our allies who stand beside us
Thank You!

19 posted on 08/08/2005 3:18:42 AM PDT by radu (May God watch over our troops and keep them safe)
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To: Iris7

No way that happened, it was dark and their were several shots fired. It was in the woods at the time the fighting was seperated and confused.

20 posted on 08/08/2005 3:49:52 AM PDT by U S Army EOD (WHEN JANE FONDA STARTS HER TOUR, LET ME KNOW WHERE SHE IS)
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To: snippy_about_it

Good morning ALL

21 posted on 08/08/2005 3:52:00 AM PDT by GailA (Glory be to GOD and his only son Jesus.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; All

August 8, 2005

What We Cannot Lose

Psalm 92:12-15

Even to your old age, I am He, and even to gray hairs I will carry you! I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver you. —Isaiah 46:4

Bible In One Year: Jeremiah 9-12

cover Years ago I heard about an elderly gentleman who was suffering from the first stages of dementia. He lamented the fact that he often forgot about God. "Don't you worry," said a good friend, "He will never forget you."

Growing old is perhaps the hardest task we have to face in this life. As the saying goes, "Getting old is not for sissies."

Mainly, growing old is about losses. We devote most of our early life to acquiring things, but they are merely things we will lose as we age. We lose our strength, our looks, our friends, our job. We may lose our wealth, our home, our health, our spouse, our independence, and perhaps the greatest loss of all, our sense of dignity and self-worth.

But there is one thing that you and I will never lose—the love of God. "Even to your old age, I am He," God said to the prophet, "and even to gray hairs I will carry you! I have made, and I will bear; even I will carry, and will deliver you" (Isaiah 46:4).

"The righteous shall flourish like a palm tree," wrote the songwriter (Psalm 92:12). "Those who are planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in the courts of our God. They shall still bear fruit in old age" (vv.13-14). —David Roper

Jesus loves me, this I know,
Though my hair is white as snow;
Though my sight is growing dim,
Still He bids me trust in Him. —Warner

God's love never grows old.

Finishing Well
How Has God Loved Us?

22 posted on 08/08/2005 4:01:45 AM PDT by The Mayor ( Pray as if everything depends on God; work as if everything depends on you.)
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To: snippy_about_it; bentfeather; Samwise; Peanut Gallery; Wneighbor
Good morning ladies. Flag-o-space boats-o-Gram.

PHOTO CREDIT: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration

KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. – Kennedy Space Center employees on the solid rocket booster recovery ship Freedom Star acknowledge photographers awaiting their arrival at Port Canaveral. The ship, with a spent solid rocket booster (SRB) from the STS-114 launch on July 26 in tow, is headed for Hangar AF on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The SRBs are the largest solid propellant motors ever flown and the first designed for reuse. After a Shuttle is launched, the SRBs are jettisoned at two minutes, seven seconds into the flight. At six minutes and 44 seconds after liftoff, the spent SRBs, weighing about 165,000 lb., have slowed their descent speed to about 62 mph and splashdown takes place in a predetermined area. They are retrieved from the Atlantic Ocean by special recovery vessels and returned for refurbishment and eventual reuse on future Shuttle flights. Once at Hangar AF, the SRBs are unloaded onto a hoisting slip and mobile gantry cranes lift them onto tracked dollies where they are safed and undergo their first washing.

23 posted on 08/08/2005 6:00:04 AM PDT by Professional Engineer (It's my birthday, I'll Freep if I want to.)
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To: SAMWolf
Stuart was a complex, but flawed hero. Concededly a master of "riding around" the Union Army, and a superb gatherer of intelligence, Stuart's success in the early war years was due, in no small part, to the superiority of Southern horsemanship, and the critical fact that the command of the Army of the Potomac had no coherent operational or organizational plan for their cavalry. Union Cavalry was wasted on picket and courier duties. It wasn't until Hooker that the Cavalry was finally concentrated in a Corps of its own.

Strata's high point, IMHO, was his conduct, as Jackson's replacement at Chancellorsville, where he commanded both the Cavalry, and Jackson's Corps after Jackson fell. Apparently Stuart hoped to be promoted to LT. GEN., and permanently assume command of II Corps. It went to Ewell instead.

By 1863, however, two things became noticeable. First, Stuart had a large ego. And second, he engaged in more flamboyant raids to satisfy that ego [Since, as noted in the main article, his horses were becoming increasingly fragile, and hard to replace, which in Confederate Calvary required leave for the trooper to get his own horse}. After the Battle of Brandy Station, Stuart was primed to try and redeem his reputation, and Lee's ambiguous orders to him for the Gettysburg campaign provided the excuse [although in fairness to Stuart, he left Lee adequate cavalry for screening. The problem was he didn't leave Lee Stuart, and the Brigadiers he did leave weren't easy to work with]. The results are well known.

Post Gettysburg, Stuart continued to function as Lee's eyes and ears, but not quite as effectively, since the rejuvenated Union Cavalry pushed him hard, and he was now required to respond to their actions, instead of they to his.And there is no better example of that than Yellow Tavern. Stuart was forced to go to battle at a tempo forced on him by Sheridan, whose choice of route, and march speed, allowed Stuart to get ahead of him only by proceeding at a killing pace, with a partial force. Sheridan's men and horses were well rested when they engaged. Stuart's were not. And Stuart payed with his life.

While I think Stuart was a great light cavalryman, I don't see him as the Civil War's greatest. On the Confederate side, I would have to choose Forrest, who could raid as well as Stuart, and win battles as well. On the Union side, Sheridan was superior, and I would also give the edge to Wilson. Both could, and did, do everything Stuart did and more. They won campaigns.

Concededly, except at Chancellorsville, Stuart never had the chance to command combined arms, as Sheridan did. But Lee never gave him that chance. And Lee, out of all his Corps commanders, never promoted Stuart to the rank of Lieutenant General, despite his length of service commanding the Cavalry Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia.
24 posted on 08/08/2005 6:25:42 AM PDT by PzLdr ("The Emperor is not as forgiving as I am" - Darth Vader)
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To: SAMWolf

On This Day In History

Birthdates which occurred on August 08:
1763 Charles Bulfinch Boston Mass, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House)
1857 Henry Osborn Conn, paleontologist/author (52 Years of Research)
1879 Emiliano Zapata Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
1884 Sara Teasdale US, poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
1887 Malcolm Keen Bristol England, actor (Uncle Chris-Mama)
1896 Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Wash DC, writer (The Yearling)
1900 Victor Young Chic Ill, orch leader (Milton Berle Show, In Old Calif)
1901 Dr Ernest O Lawrence Canton SC, inventor (Cyclotron-Nobel 1939)
1902 Paul A.M. Dirac England, theoretical physicist (Nobel 1933)
1907 Benny Carter NYC, musician/composer (Easy Money, King Carter)
1908 Arthur J Goldberg Ill, UN ambassador/Supreme Court justice (1962-65)
1910 Francisco Brochado Da Rocha PM of Brazil (1962)
1910 Sylvia Sidney Bronx NY, actress (WKRP, Sabotage, Beetlejuice)
1913 Axel Stordahl Staten Island NY, orch leader (Frank Sinatra Show)
1918 Rory Calhoun LA Calif, actor (Capitol, Motel Hell, Bill-Texan)
1919 Dino DeLaurentis producer (King Kong)
1922 Rudi Gernreich designed 1st women's topless swimsuit, miniskirt
1923 Esther Williams Inglewood Cal, actress/swimmer (Dangerous when Wet)
1926 Richard Anderson Long Beach NJ, actor (Oscar Goldman-6 Million $ Man)
1926 Webb Pierce West Monroe La, country singer (Ozark Jubilee)
1929 Josef Suk Prague Czechoslovakia, violinist (Artist of Merit-1977)
1930 Andy Warhol artist/movie producer (Frankenstein, Bad)
1930 Joan Mondale wife of former VP Walter F Mondale
1930 Nita Talbot NYC NY, actress (Supertrain, Here We Go Again)
1932 Mel Tillis country singer (Stateside) /songwriter (Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town)
1933 Joe Tex singer/songwriter (Hold What You've Got)
1936 Don Bowden US, 1st American to run a sub 4 min mile
1936 Frank Howard baseball player (NL Rookie of the Year 1960)
1936 Keith Barron Mexborough England, actor (At the Earth's Core)
1937 Dustin Hoffman LA, actor (The Graduate, Tootsie, Rainman, Ishtar)
1938 Connie Stevens Bkln, singer/actress (Hawaiian Eye, Back to Beach)
1939 Phil Balsley Va, country singer (Statler Bros-Flowers on the Wall)
1947 Jose Cruz leftfielder (St Louis Cards, Houston Astros)
1947 Larry Wilcox SD Calif, actor (Lassie, CHiPs)
1948 Svetlana Y Savitskaya 2nd woman in space (Soyuz T-7, T-12)
1949 Keith Carradine San Mateo Calif, actor (Young Guns, Pretty Baby)
1953 "Sweet" Lou Dunbar basketball player (Harlem Globetrotters)
1953 Donny Most Bkln NY, actor (Ralph Malph-Happy Days)
1954 Nigel Mansell formula-1 racer (Portugal Grand Prix-1990)
1958 Deborah Norville TV host (Today)
1958 Harry Crosby LA Calif, actor (Friday the 13th)
1959 Rikki Rockett rocker (Poison-Every Rose Has a Thorn)
1962 Suzee Pai Toledo Ohio, actress (Big Trouble in Little China)
1967 Lorraine Pearson rocker (5 Star-Silk & Steel)
1988 Beatrice Princess of England

Deaths which occurred on August 08:
1471 Thomas a Kempis, [Thomas Hammerken von Kempen], writer/monk,
1960 Danton Walker columnist (Broadway Spotlight), dies at 61
1961 Charlie Gemora actor who portrayed King Kong, dies at 58
1976 John Roselli hired by CIA to kill Castro, found murdered
1984 Richard Deacon actor (Mel-Dick Van Dyke Show), dies at 62
1985 Louise Brooks actress, dies of a heart attack at 78
1991 James B Irwin, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15, pilot of the Lunar Roving Vehicle), dies at 61
1996 Frank A Whittle, inventor of the Jet engine, dies at 89
2001 Maureen Reagan (b.1941), daughter of former Pres. Ronald Reagan, died of malignant melanoma
2004 Fay Wray (b.1907)), film actress, died. (King Kong.)

Take A Moment To Remember
GWOT Casualties

08-Aug-2003 2 | US: 2 | UK: 0 | Other: 0
US Private 1st Class Brandon Ramsey Tall Afar - Ninawa Hostile - vehicle accident
US Private Matthew D. Bush Camp Caldwell - Diyala Non-hostile - illness - heat related?

08-Aug-2004 2 | US: 2 | UK: 0 | Other: 0
US Civilian Rick A. Ulbright Kirkuk Air Base - At Ta'mim Hostile - hostile fire - mortar attack
US Lance Corporal Jonathan W. Collins Al Anbar Province Hostile - hostile fire

Data research by Pat Kneisler
Designed and maintained by Michael White
Go here and I'll stop nagging.
(subtle hint SEND MONEY)

On this day...
0070 Tower of Antonia (Jerusalem) was destroyed by the Romans
1306 King Wenceslas of Poland is murdered.
1579 Cornerstone is laid for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory
1585 Pope Sixtus excommunicates Henri IV
1609 Venetian senate examines Galileo Galilei's telescope ("YUP! That's a telescope.")
1648 Ibrahim, the sultan of Istanbul, is thrown into prison, then assassinated.
1709 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)
1776 John Paul Jones commissioned as a captain and appointed to command the Alfred
1796 Boston African Society establishes with 44 members
1814 Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
1815 Napoleon Bonaparte set sail for exile on St Helena
1843 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
1844 Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
1854 Smith & Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges
1860 Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in NYC
1861 William Bateson, originator of term "genetics"
1862 Minnesota’s 5th Infantry fought the Sioux Indians in Redwood, Minn
1864 Red Cross Anniversary
1868 Quake destroys Arica Chile
1876 Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m
1876 Thomas Edison patents mimeograph
1882 Snow falls on Lake Michigan (more proof of global warming)
1890 Daughters of the American Revolution organizes
1900 1st Davis Cup tennis matches, held in Boston

1918 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command & shoots 20 Germans & captures 132 more

1919 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognize Afghanistan's independence
1920 Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
1922 Pirates set record of 46 hits in a doubleheader (against Phillies)
1925 1st national march of Ku Klux Klan (200 000) in Washington DC
1929 German airship Graf Zeppelin begins a round-the-world flight
1929 Salem Oregon airport dedicated
1930 St Louis Cards are 12 games back in NL, & go on to win the pennant
1931 Wash Senator Bob Burke no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0
1937 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River begins producing power

1940 Battle of Britain began as Germany launches air attacks

1942 U.S. Marines capture Japanese airstrip on Guadalcanal.
1942 6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Wash DC
1945 Pres Harry S Truman signs UN Charter
1945 USSR declares war against Japan in WW II
1945 USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea
1949 Bhutan, land of the Dragon, became an independent monarchy
1950 Naktong Bulge begins. 10 day attempt to overrun US/ROK forces
1953 US & South Korea initial a mutual security pact
1955 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
1956 Fire & explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
1960 Ivory Coast declares independence
1960 Pop song "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini" hits #1.
1963 Great Train Robbery in England, $2.6 million ($7.3 million)
1963 Kingsmen release "Louie, Louie," radio stations label it obscene
1966 Beatles' release "Revolver"
1966 South Arican Broadcasting bans Beatles (Lennon's anti-Jesus remark)
1968 Race riot in Miami Florida
1969 Actress Sharon Tate (26) and four other people were brutally murdered in her Beverly Hills home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his disciples were later convicted of the crime.
1970 NY Yankees honor Casey Stengel, retiring his number 37
1972 NY Yankees sign 30 year lease with NYC
1973 VP Spiro T Agnew branded as "damned lies" reports he took kickbacks from govt contracts in Maryland. He vowed not to resign (Right!)

1974 Pres Richard M Nixon announced he'd resign his office 12PM 08/09

1977 Texas Rangers turn their 1st triple play (vs A's)
1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 with 5 atmospheric probes launched toward Venus
1979 Iraqi president Saddam Hussein executes 22 political opponents. More to follow...many many more.
1983 Brig Gen Efrain Rios Montt deposed as president of Guatemela
1983 Jury in KC, Mo, awards TV anchorwoman Christine Craft $500,000 in sex discrimination suit against KMBC-TV (later overturned)
1984 Carl Lewis wins 3rd (200m) of 4 gold medals in the Summer Olympics
1985 Japan launches Planet A, a probe to Halley's comet
1986 Record 3 grandslams in a game-(Harrah-Tex, Sheets & Dwyer-Orioles)
1987 Brewers' Rob Deer struck-out 5 times in a game
1987 Lynne Cox became 1st to swim from US to Russia across Bering Strait
1988 Chicago Cubs starts 1st home game under lights (rained-out)
1988 Discovery of most distant galaxy (15 * 10 ^ 12 light yrs) announced
1988 Duchess of York gives birth to 6 lb 12 oz baby girl
1988 Goose Gossage registers career save #300
1988 Jennifer Levin's parents file $25M suit against Dorrian Red Hand Bar
1988 Minn Twins pull 2nd triple-play of year & beat Cleve 6-2
1988 Renovated Central Park Zoo reopens after 4 years

1988 Russian troops begin pull out of Afghanistan after 9 year war

1988 Sec of State Shultz narrowly escapes assassin attempt in Bolivia
1988 South Africa declares cease-fire in Angola
1988 Temperature hits high of 88 on 8/8/88 in NYC
1989 US space shuttle STS-28 launched
1990 Balt Orioles pull their 10th triple play (1-6-3 vs Oakland)
1990 Carlton Fisk ties Johnny Bench hitting 327 HRs as a catcher
1991 Billy Preston charged with exhibiting porno to a minor
1991 Carlos Santana pleads no contest to marijuana possession charge
1991 Gary Oldman, actor (State of Grace), arrested for drunk driving
1991 Shite Muslims release British hostage John McCarthy
1997 Oil For Food plan starts The UN Security Council allows resumption of limited oil sales by Iraq The UN plan allows the sale of $2 billion in crude oil every 6 months.
2003 George Soros pledges $10 million to a political action committee called America Coming Together to defeat George Bush in 2004 (Better luck next time Georgie boy.)
2003 Mahmud Dhiyab Al-Ahmad, Saddam Hussein's former interior minister, (No. 29 on the list of 55 most-wanted Iraqis) surrenders to coalition forces.

Note: Some Holidays are only applicable on a given "day of the week"

Afghanistan : Independence Day (1919)
Ivory Coast : Independence Day (1960)
Nepal : Tij Day- Woman's holiday
Italy : Palio Del Golfo (2nd Sunday)
Zambia : Youth Day
USA : National Admit You're Happy Day
National Sneak Some Zucchini onto Your Neighbor's Porch Day
National Catfish Month

Religious Observances
RC : Commemoration of SS Cyriacus, Largus, Smaragdus, martyrs
Ang, RC : Memorial of St Dominic, priest/friar

Religious History
1471 Death of Thomas Kempis, 91, Dutch mystic and devotional author. Though most of his years were outwardly uneventful, his book "The Imitation of Christ" remains in print today, a guide to cultivating the inner human spirit.
1518 German reformer Martin Luther wrote in a letter: 'The Lord will provide with the trial a way out.'
1845 Birth of Thomas Koschat, Austrian sacred composer. One of his scores became the hymn tune POLAND, to which is commonly sung "The King of Love My Shepherd Is."
1852 The roots of the Baptist General Conference were planted when Swedish immigrant pastor Gustaf Palmquist baptized his first three converts in the Mississippi River at Rock Island, Illinois. Today, the denomination numbers about 140,000.
1910 The Sacred Congregation of the Sacraments in the Vatican issued the decree "Quam singulari," which recommended that children be permitted to receive Holy Communion as soon as they reached the "age of discretion" (i.e., about age 7).

Source: William D. Blake. ALMANAC OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Minneapolis: Bethany House, 1987.

Kansas Highway Crews Make 'Mammoth' Discovery
Archaeologists To Verify Tusk's Age, Origins

WICHITA, Kan. -- Highway workers in Kansas have dug up what could be a prehistoric tusk from a woolly mammoth.
They were digging about 17 feet under an old highway Friday when they found what appears to be a huge tusk.

A supervisor said they stopped digging with machinery immediately when they struck what appeared to be bone, and uncovered the rest by hand.

The highway department has called in archaeologists to help uncover the rest of the tusk and verify its age and origin.
The department said site is being protected until crews are called in to dig up the tusk.

Thought for the day :
"Love flies, runs, and rejoices; it is free and nothing can hold it back."
Thomas a Kempis

25 posted on 08/08/2005 6:30:07 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: E.G.C.

Folks, Im'm about to post some comments on a news item. Be sure to click on my screename and then "In Forum" to read those comments.

26 posted on 08/08/2005 6:31:42 AM PDT by E.G.C.
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it

Hi kids! I wanted to stop by and say hello and thanks to all of our military veterans out there. I realize y'all are discussing the Civil War today- but I wanted to remind people about one of my favorite revolutionary war heroes: Henry Knox. I just finished reading 1776 and I was reminded,in the book, of his contributions to our freedom. The story of his cannons have always inspired me.

Here is a good general link:

General Knox museum

I hope everyone has a bright day!

27 posted on 08/08/2005 6:31:59 AM PDT by Diva Betsy Ross (Code pink stinks!)
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To: Iris7

The problem with a monarchy is it's based on the ridiculous notion that because your grandfather was a good ruler you'll be one.

"Democracy is the worst form of government, except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time".
Winston Churchill

28 posted on 08/08/2005 6:37:26 AM PDT by Valin (The right to do something does not mean that doing it is right.)
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To: carton253

JEB Stuart bids farewell to his wife, Flora, in Dundee Plantation house, near Hanover Courthouse, Virginia.

Been guilty of reading things before I had my coffee myself. ;-)

29 posted on 08/08/2005 6:58:11 AM PDT by SAMWolf (The fact that no one understands you doesn't mean you're an artist.)
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; All

Monday Morning Bump for the denizens of the Freeper Foxhole


alfa6 ;>}

30 posted on 08/08/2005 7:12:46 AM PDT by alfa6 (Any child of twelve can do it, with fifteen years practice)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Professional Engineer; msdrby; Wneighbor; Samwise; PhilDragoo; radu; ...

Good morning everyone.

31 posted on 08/08/2005 7:24:05 AM PDT by Soaring Feather
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Iris7; Valin; PAR35; U S Army EOD; alfa6; Professional Engineer

32 posted on 08/08/2005 8:07:44 AM PDT by w_over_w (How high are gas prices? I just spent $40.00 to fill up my lawn mower.)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf; Valin; PzLdr
"He never brought me a piece of false information."
~Gen. Robert E. Lee~

"Whatever he lacked in comparative strength - even at the outset of the raid, before his underfed, short-winded horses started breaking down from the strain of the chase - there was at least no diminution of his accustomed vigilance and vigor."
~Shelby Foote~

Outstanding thread today, I've always been moved by the deep affection Lee held for Stuart. The follow up commentary by "the usual suspects" is both informative and enlightening.

[Hi sweets! No not you Sam.]

33 posted on 08/08/2005 8:07:47 AM PDT by w_over_w (How high are gas prices? I just spent $40.00 to fill up my lawn mower.)
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To: Iris7

Ooops! Forgot the biggest "suspect" of all! ;^)

34 posted on 08/08/2005 8:22:54 AM PDT by w_over_w (How high are gas prices? I just spent $40.00 to fill up my lawn mower.)
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To: PzLdr

Thanks for your as usual insightful and well-informed comments.

35 posted on 08/08/2005 12:03:10 PM PDT by colorado tanker (The People Have Spoken)
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To: snippy_about_it; SAMWolf
Hey, Sam and Snip. Thanks for another terrific thread.

This just elevates my already high opinion of Gen. Grant. If I had to choose between Meade and Sheridan, I'd choose Little Phil too.

36 posted on 08/08/2005 12:07:13 PM PDT by colorado tanker (The People Have Spoken)
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To: Valin
I used to believe the same thing. The faith started to fade from real experience, which provoked reading, which helped understanding. It is a hard faith to give up, faith in the "people". Especially when it is as fashionable as it is now.

Some of the Founders thought the spirit of democracy the greatest threat to the Republic. And then there was Jefferson. (!!!) Of course, Jefferson liked the French Revolution.

I'll go with the "Hamilton was correct" school.

Somedays I will go farther than that, and say that Liberty and Democracy are antithetical.
37 posted on 08/08/2005 1:25:46 PM PDT by Iris7 ("A pig's gotta fly." - Porco Rosso)
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38 posted on 08/08/2005 1:27:34 PM PDT by stainlessbanner
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To: Iris7
Somedays I will go farther than that, and say that Liberty and Democracy are antithetical.

Given the ilk (I don't want to type their names) that uses these terms interchangeably there is no question they are antithetical. When I hear certain liberals (another meaningless word) speak about "taking back America", the dilemma then becomes how do they take back something they hate?

39 posted on 08/08/2005 1:47:23 PM PDT by w_over_w (How high are gas prices? I just spent $40.00 to fill up my lawn mower.)
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To: SAMWolf

(May 12, 1864)
By John Reuben Thompson

We could not pause, while yet the noontide air
Shook with the cannonade's incessant pealing,
The funeral pageant fitly to prepare--
A nation's great revealing.

The smoke, above the glimmering woodland wide
That skirts our southward border in its beauty,
Marked where our heroes stood and fought and died
For love and faith and duty.

And still, what time the doubtful strife went on,
We might not find expression for our sorrow;
We could but lay our dear dumb warrior down
And gird us for the morrow.

One weary year agone, when came a lull
With victory in the conflict's stormy closes.
When the glad Spring, all flushed and beautiful,
First mocked us with her roses,

With dirge and bell and minute-gun, we paid
Some few poor rites--an inexpressive token
Of a great people's pain--to Jackson's shade,
In agony unspoken.

No wailing trumpet and no tolling bell,
No cannon, save the battle's boom receding,
When Stuart to the grave we bore, might tell,
With hearts all crushed and bleeding.

The crisis suited not with pomp, and she
Whose anguish bears the seal of consecration
Had wished his Christian obsequies should be
Thus void of ostentation.

Only the maidens came, sweet flowers to twine
Above his form so still and cold and painless,
Whose deeds upon our brightest records shine,
Whose life and sword were stainless.

They well remembered how he loved to dash
Into the fight, festooned from summer bowers;
How like a fountain's spray his sabre's flash
Leaped from a mass of flowers.

And so we carried to his place of rest
All that of our great Paladin was mortal:
The cross, amd not the sabre, on his breast,
That opes the heavenly portal.

No more of tribute might to us remain:
But there will still come a time when Freedom's martyrs
A richer guerdon of reknown shall gain
Than gleams in stars and garters.

I hear from out that sunlit land which lies
Beyond these clouds that gather darkly o'er us,
The happy sounds of industry arise
In swelling peaceful chorus.

And mingling with these sounds, the glad acclaim
Of millions undisturbed by war's afflictions,
Crowning each martyr's never-dying name
With grateful benedictions.

In some fair future garden of delights,
Where flowers shall bloom and song-birds sweetly warble,
Art shall erect the statues of our knights
In living bronze and marble.

And none of all that bright heroic throng
Shall wear to far-off time a semblance grander,
Shall still be decked with fresher wreaths of song,
Than this beloved commander.

The Spanish legend tells us of the Cid,
That after death he rode, erect, desately,
Along his lines, even as in life he did,
In presence yet more stately;

And thus our Stuart, at this moment, seems
To ride out of our dark and troubled story
Into the region of romace and dreams,
A realm of light and glory;

And sometimes, when the silver bugles blow,
That ghostly form, in battle reappearing,
Shall lead his horsemen headlong on the foe,
In victory careering!

40 posted on 08/08/2005 2:11:47 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: SAMWolf

By Margaret Junkin Preston

I read the marble-lettered name,
And half in bitterness I said,
"As Dante from Ravenna came,
Our poet came from exile-dead."
And yet, had it been asked of him
Where he would rather lay his head,
This spot he would have chosen. Dim
The city's hum drifts o'er his grave,
And green above the hollies wave
Their jagged leaves, as when a boy,
On blissful summer afternoons,
He came to sing the birds his runes,
And tell the river of his joy.

Who dreams that in his wanderings wide
By stern misfortunes tossed and driven,
His soul's electric strands were riven
From home and country? Let betide
What might, what would, his boast, his pride,
Was in his stricken mother-land,
That could but bless and bid him go,
Because no crust was in her hand
To stay her children's need. We know
The mystic cable sank too deep
For surface storm or stress to strain,
Or from his answering heart to keep
The spark from flashing back again.

Think of the thousand mellow rhymes,
The pure idyllic passion-flowers,
Wherewith, in far-gone, happier times,
He garlanded this South of ours.
Provencal-like, he wandered long,
And sang at many a stranger's board,
The tenderest pathos through his song.
We owe the poet praise and tears,
Whose ringing ballad sends the brave,
Bold Stuart riding down the years.
What have we given him? Just a grave!

41 posted on 08/08/2005 2:12:55 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it

Oh my! . . . a tug at the heart strings. Thank you . . . again.

42 posted on 08/08/2005 3:04:32 PM PDT by w_over_w (How high are gas prices? I just spent $40.00 to fill up my lawn mower.)
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To: w_over_w

I'm so glad you found them. I should have posted to your post but I was in a hurry and hoped you'd know. :-)

43 posted on 08/08/2005 3:07:28 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: snippy_about_it; All

Good afternoon everyone! Due to server problems this morning, I wasnt able to access the internet until now.

Thanks for this great thread on Jeb Stuart. I recall reading about him from a book I checked out in elementary school. It was a fascinating read & I think of him as a heroic figure comparable to Gen. R.E. Lee.

44 posted on 08/08/2005 3:34:20 PM PDT by texianyankee
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To: SAMWolf; snippy_about_it; w_over_w; carton253; Iris7; Humal; E.G.C.; radu; U S Army EOD; GailA; ...
A knight indeed. Bold in dress and deed, inspired and inspiring in battle, at the heart of danger yet a teetotaller who paused to embrace wife and children, a hero who in death urged his forces on and paid his own life, all for duty, honor, country.

Sheridan breaks away from the Marx Brothers farce with Meade to enact a bold plan of his own.

Custer succeeds in a daring attack overshadowed by his final defeat.

Private John A. Huff causes history to ricochet with the chance of war putting a trained marksman within range of a crucial leader, but Shelby Foote writes the distance was 25-30 feet, not 400 yards.

Wounded at the battle of Haw's Shop, Virginia on May 28, 1864, Huff died of those wounds sometime later.

45 posted on 08/08/2005 5:43:56 PM PDT by PhilDragoo (Hitlery: das Butch von Buchenvald)
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To: PhilDragoo

About 25 feet is the story I heard also. Plus it was a chance shot.

46 posted on 08/08/2005 6:22:05 PM PDT by U S Army EOD (WHEN JANE FONDA STARTS HER TOUR, LET ME KNOW WHERE SHE IS)
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To: U S Army EOD
Arlen Specter could have proved the 400-yard shot to a certainty, demonstrating the .44 cal. bullet went on to cause six additional wounds only to appear in pristine condition on the Governor's stretcher at Parkland.

We, however, recognize the 400-yard figure as a "clerical error", the term used by J. Edgar Hoover to explain Life magazine and the Warren Commission printing Zapruder frames 312 and 313 in reverse order in order to maintain the plausible denial.

No doubt the scene of the Huff shot was chaotic, and the odds against the man trained as a sharpshooter redeployed with a revolver making that shot were great.

But not great enough to prevent it.

47 posted on 08/08/2005 7:09:40 PM PDT by PhilDragoo (Hitlery: das Butch von Buchenvald)
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To: texianyankee

Good evening tex, glad your server problem was fixed.

48 posted on 08/08/2005 8:36:02 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: PhilDragoo

Thanks Phil.

49 posted on 08/08/2005 8:36:57 PM PDT by snippy_about_it (Fall in --> The FReeper Foxhole. America's History. America's Soul.)
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To: PhilDragoo

Maybe the witness was drunk.

50 posted on 08/08/2005 9:29:47 PM PDT by U S Army EOD (WHEN JANE FONDA STARTS HER TOUR, LET ME KNOW WHERE SHE IS)
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