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Court Decision Reignites 'Who Is A Jew' Issue
Ha'aretz Daily ^

Posted on 02/20/2002 2:16:51 PM PST by RCW2001

Battered by spiralling violence, bent under the fallout of a failing economy, Israel faced yet another powerful challenge to its social fabric Wednesday, as the Supreme Court reignited the fierce, bone-deep debate over Who is a Jew, granting for the first time formal recognition to Reform and Conservative conversions performed in the Jewish state.

By a 9-2 vote, the court ruled that persons who had undergone non-Jewish conversions whether in Israel or abroad were entitled to be registered as Jews in the state identity card rubric which reads "nationality."

Although the court steered clear of official definitions of Jewishness for the purpose of marriage, citizenship, and immigrant rights, the decision was seen as a dangerous precedent by Orthodox religious authorities, who since the founding of the state have held an effective monopoly over decisions pertaining to legal definitions of membership in the Jewish people.

The court also broke from an unstated practice by public officials of refraining from stoking the flames of religious-secular ire during times of military strife.

Perhaps mindful of the volatility of the decision, the court at the same time unanimously threw out a challenge by leftists who sought to quash the longstanding draft exemptions provided ultra-Orthodox students allowed to study in yeshivas rather than serve in the Israeli military. But the wrath of religious leaders was little assuaged by the deferment ruling that went in their favor.

Minutes after the conversion ruling was announced early Wednesday, Chief Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau slammed the decree, saying that it would not only deepen the rifts already plaguing the society, it would also prove detrimental to the Reform and Conservative converts that it was designed to aid.

"There will be converts who are registered as Jews according to Jewish law and tradition, then there will be other converts registered as Jews only according to the High Court's ruling today, and they will be bandied about in a great storm.

"Their identity cards will now be worthless," Lau continued. "Tomorrow, if they want to register to get married, the day after if they go to the Immigration Ministry to ask for their basket of benefits or citizenship, they'll be told 'No, you're only thought of as a Jew on the population rolls, while as far as everything else goes, you remain in your goyishness."

Tens and perhaps hundreds of thousands of immigrants from the former Soviet Union could be directly affected by the conversion ruling, undergoing Reform and Conservative conversions to be recognized on the Interior Ministry's official population rolls as Jews.

Attorneys for the converts had argued that historically, information appearing on the Interior Ministry's population registry - the data base from which the contents of identity cards are drawn - was based on personal details supplied by the bearers of the cards, and was not subject to review or revision by religious or other authorities.

Secular leftists and non-Orthodox religious leaders hailed the decision as a landmark. Meretz lawmaker Ran Cohen said, "The High Court gave us that which was already obvious - the fact that a Jew that who is converted and registered anywhere in the world as a Jew, Reform or Conservative, will be registered in Israel as well. This is simply normalization of the Jews, and normalization of the state of Israel."

Ultra-Orthodox politicians, meanwhile, were unrestrained in their rage over the decision, taking the court to task for having, in their view, meddled in an area far beyond their jurisdiction and understanding. United Torah Judaism's Moshe Gafni decried what he foresaw as the prospect of "wholesale conversions."

"The significance of this matter is one of two options: either the Knesset will pass a law barring the High Court, which doesn't have a clue in this matter, from doing whatever it wishes on these issues, or we will forced to assemble record books of family trees, something that will tear the people to pieces."

The ruling was not the courts baptism of fire on the hair-trigger issue of recognizing non-Orthodox conversion. In 1986, the High Court ordered officials to recognize Reform and Conservative conversions performed overseas. Then, seven years ago, note Ha'aretz correspondents Moshe Reinfeld and Anshel Pfeffer, the court went further, ruling that the Orthodox monopoly on conversions was illegal, but refraining from explicitly ordering the state to accept non-Orthodox conversions. "In practice," they add, "no government has ever done so."

"In ensuing years, the court repeatedly postponed hearings on petitions by some 50 people who demanded that the state register them as Jewish following local non-Orthodox conversions, while successive governments tried, yet failed, to broker a compromise that could be enacted into legislation."

The matter came to a head in 1998, when the Jerusalem District Court ruled that the state must recognize such conversions, calling it absurd for non-Orthodox conversions to be valid when performed overseas, but not when performed locally, Reinfeld and Pfeffer write in Wednesday's print edition. "The state appealed this decision, and it is this appeal on which the court ruled."

The next move appeared to be up to Interior Minister Eli Yishai, leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas, who was quick off the mark in blasting the ruling as "horrible, dangerous, most grievous, as well as anti-democratic."

Yishai, whose party has long feuded with Israel's judicial branch over such issues as the conviction of Yishai's predecessor Aryeh Deri for a range corruption offenses, said the High Court had rendered its decision on behalf of "the tiniest of minorities, on the fringes of the very fringe of the margins of Israeli society."

The interior minister added that "A small fringe group, the Reform, cannot run the country here, and the High Court's decision is one that will lead to assimilation and the destruction of the Jewish people."

Yishai said he could not bring himself "to register a non-Jew as a Jew." He pledged to fight the decision with new Knesset legislation aimed at neutralizing the court's stance.

As one option in the interim, Yishai said, if his office registers a Reform convert as a Jew, his clerks "add next to this the word 'Reform,' so that the whole Jewish people will know that he is Reform. If he's so proud of being a Reform Jew, let's let him stay one."


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS:

1 posted on 02/20/2002 2:16:51 PM PST by RCW2001
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To: RCW2001
Arutz Sheva

Fury In Religious Circles At Supreme Court Conversion Ruling

The Supreme Court handed down two important rulings this morning. It instructed the Interior Ministry to accept conversion-ceremonies carried out by the Reform and Conservative movements and to register the people involved as Jews. Former Chief Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu called on rabbis in Israel to accept converts as Jews only if they have undergone an Orthodox conversion according to time-honored Halakhic [Jewish legal] tradition. “On the one hand," he said, "the court intervenes to prevent the demolition of homes belonging to terrorists. On the other hand, the court intervenes to destroy the House of Israel, bringing gentiles into the House of Israel resulting in encouraging assimilation.”

NRP head Rabbi Yitzchak Levy called upon the religious parties in the government to set an ultimatum: Either a law is passed that will "right the wrong" and recognize only Halakhically-converted persons as true converts, or else "go to new elections in the hope that the national honor will be restored." Rabbi Levy said that the Supreme Court had sent an "explosive warhead at the heart of the Jewish People… The justices have long detached themselves from the people, and today they totally cut themselves off from Halakhah [Jewish Law] and cut the thread of Jewish identity."

Reactions in Shas were just as harsh. "The Supreme Court has become the most radical chapter of Meretz and the Reform movement," a party statement said. "The Court is undermining the Jewish character of the State of Israel… and is helping the fatal process of Jewish assimilation. Many sectors of the Israeli public simply have no trust in this Court." The Shas party has already begun preparing legislation to bypass the Court's ruling. Its proposal will stipulate that the Chief Rabbinate is the only body that can determine the validity of conversion to Judaism. Labor MK Eitan Cabel said that he would work to ensure that the legislation does not pass.

Chief Rabbi Yisrael Meir Lau said that the ruling drives a wedge in the public, and that it will be a source of "weeping for generations." Rabbi Lau said that the original leaders of the State, "headed by David Ben-Gurion, and even the British Mandate, recognized the Chief Rabbinate's authority to determine how people may join the Jewish Nation."

On the other hand, Stephen Hoffman, president of the United Jewish Communities, told a gathering of Jewish Agency board of governors members in Israel that those who are not Jewish according to Halakhah should still be accepted as members of the Jewish people. "Those who chose to join us should be made to feel welcome," he said. "There is room for a larger identification." Reform Rabbi Uri Regev said, "This ruling has historic significance, as it strengthens the Jewish pluralism in Israel and totally rejects the Orthodox establishment position."

Deputy Foreign Minister Rabbi Michael Melchior, of the left-wing religious-Zionist Meimad movement, said, "Questions of conscience and faith should not be decided in the courts or in the Knesset..."

2 posted on 02/20/2002 2:39:46 PM PST by Alouette
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To: Alouette
Do you think on Israel's version of FR they read daily posts on immigration in the US, the Klamath Valley, Enron, school vouchers, gun control, Tabernacle Choir, Nader, Torticelli, et al?
3 posted on 02/20/2002 2:51:01 PM PST by SJackson
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To: SJackson
Actually, if the Isrealis have a version of Free Republic, I would not be surprised to see a long, drawn-out argument on that and other issues...

Including such things as whether Korean dog-meat stew can be prepared Kosher.

When it comes to splitting hairs....

4 posted on 02/20/2002 3:07:18 PM PST by Ronin
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To: SJackson
I cannot imagine who would care about this except people in Israel. I am sure somewhere Christians are debating theological issues, in a religious forum I would suppose.
5 posted on 02/20/2002 3:20:28 PM PST by xvb
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To: xvb
I cannot imagine who would care about this except people in Israel. I am sure somewhere Christians are debating theological issues, in a religious forum I would suppose.

I agree, I'm interested, but I probably wouldn't discuss it here.

6 posted on 02/20/2002 3:23:21 PM PST by SJackson
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To: Ronin
Actually, if the Isrealis have a version of Free Republic, I would not be surprised to see a long, drawn-out argument ...

I wouldn't either. I'd expect to discuss dog meat stew on the .........(far eastern country(ies) version of FR.

I hope FR expands. I might not have a lot to add, but I'd love to participate in those threads.

PS, next time I'd rather discuss stew made of those big rats than dogs.

7 posted on 02/20/2002 3:26:41 PM PST by SJackson
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To: Ronin
Dog is inherently trief.

Thought you'd like to know.

8 posted on 02/20/2002 3:28:45 PM PST by JAWs
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To: JAWs
That's great. What's a trief?
9 posted on 02/20/2002 3:34:20 PM PST by Ronin
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To: Ronin
Treif means not kosher.
10 posted on 02/20/2002 3:39:26 PM PST by JAWs
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To: JAWs
Ah... My education (for the morning) is now complete.
11 posted on 02/20/2002 3:48:15 PM PST by Ronin
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To: SJackson
I agree, I'm interested, but I probably wouldn't discuss it here.

Kinda puts the damper on those who think that a Jew is a Jew is a Jew though, don't it?
But you are right. This forum is not the place for this discussion.

12 posted on 02/20/2002 3:52:38 PM PST by Nix 2
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To: RCW2001
Same liberals in America who go ballistic over the US sending an envoy to the Vatican or who fight school vouchers because a parent might use them to send their kids to a religious school see no problem with America sending billions to a country which is so theocratic they pass laws deciding who is a Jew and who is not.

Before I get jumped, I support vouchers, I support a US envoy to the Vatican and I support aid to Israel. I am just sick of liberals trying to always have things their way.

13 posted on 02/20/2002 4:06:47 PM PST by LarryLied
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To: SJackson
I think perhaps the relevant issue is that the U.S. provides significant financial support to Israel, which is in many ways run as a racist theocracy -- in other words, repugnant to the ideals of the U.S. Constitution. This news notes a move away from the entrenchment of said racist theocracy, and thus is relevant to U.S. citizens' decisions on whether to support or oppose continued financial support to Israel.
14 posted on 02/20/2002 4:13:59 PM PST by GovernmentShrinker
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To: GovernmentShrinker
The US sends aid to Arab dictatorships where Christians are treated horribly and Jews are shunned. The Palestiniians are ill-treated by Arafat, not Israel, where they have voting rights, and far more rights than say, women have in Arab/Muslim nations.
15 posted on 02/20/2002 4:41:37 PM PST by scratchgolfer
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To: scratchgolfer
We should concern ourselves with those things as well.
16 posted on 02/20/2002 4:58:51 PM PST by GovernmentShrinker
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To: LarryLied
The Saudi governemtn is far more theorcratic then Israel. The 'Who is a Jew' issue is important for immigaration, mostly.
17 posted on 02/20/2002 5:00:07 PM PST by JAWs
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To: JAWs
Yeah, the Saudi's are more theocratic. Egypt is right up there too and we give them billions also. What does that have to do with the inconsistency of liberals who want us to support a theocratic government abroad but fight school vouchers to religious schools here and get bent out of shape because we have diplomatic ties with the Vatican?

Saudis and Egyptians are, far as I know, not trying to repress religion in America, are not suing when the Ten Commandments are put up in a public building and do not oppose vouchers to religious schools. Most liberal supporters of Israel are and do.

18 posted on 02/20/2002 5:22:53 PM PST by LarryLied
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To: LarryLied
Saudis and Egyptians are, far as I know, not trying to repress religion in America, are not suing when the Ten Commandments are put up in a public building and do not oppose vouchers to religious schools. Most liberal supporters of Israel are and do.

You are "preaching to the choir" by ranting against "Jewish" liberals to this forum. I don't like them any better than you do.

19 posted on 02/20/2002 5:26:21 PM PST by Alouette
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To: GovernmentShrinker
I think perhaps the relevant issue is that the U.S. provides significant financial support to Israel, which is in many ways run as a racist theocracy -- in other words, repugnant to the ideals of the U.S. Constitution. This news notes a move away from the entrenchment of said racist theocracy, and thus is relevant to U.S. citizens' decisions on whether to support or oppose continued financial support to Israel.

Israel is also a Parliamentary country without a constiuttion, ideas repugnant to our consitution. This has nothing to do with giving them money.
Israel is not a theocratic anything. Its institutions were set up by Socialists. There are state funded Christian and Islamic schools in Israel.
Non Jews have full rights, although only Jews can emmigrate.
20 posted on 02/20/2002 5:28:42 PM PST by rmlew
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To: rmlew
Non Jews have full rights, although only Jews can emmigrate.

Well, now it looks as though non-Jews can immigrate there too.

21 posted on 02/20/2002 5:30:09 PM PST by Alouette
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To: LarryLied
Most liberal supporters of Israel are and do.

Don't confuse liberal Jews with Israel.
Liberal Jews are undermining Israel, by destroying its economy, destroying its cohesiveness, and pushing for the Suicide, err Oslo Accords.

22 posted on 02/20/2002 5:31:05 PM PST by rmlew
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To: RCW2001
Wednesday, as the Supreme Court reignited the fierce, bone-deep debate over Who is a Jew, granting for the first time formal recognition to Reform and Conservative conversions performed in the Jewish state.

Reform and Conservative perversions

23 posted on 02/20/2002 5:41:25 PM PST by Nachum
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To: GovernmentShrinker
I think perhaps the relevant issue is that the U.S. provides significant financial support to Israel...

And this relates to Conservative and Reform conversions in Israel how........??????????????

24 posted on 02/20/2002 5:44:30 PM PST by SJackson
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To: Sabramerican; Lurking Libertarian; 2sheep; dennisw; Lent; Jeremiah Jr
Secular leftists and non-Orthodox religious leaders hailed the decision as a landmark. Meretz lawmaker Ran Cohen said, "The High Court gave us that which was already obvious - the fact that a Jew that who is converted and registered anywhere in the world as a Jew, Reform or Conservative, will be registered in Israel as well. This is simply normalization of the Jews, and normalization of the state of Israel."
25 posted on 02/20/2002 5:56:16 PM PST by Thinkin' Gal
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To: rmlew
If non-Jews have full rights, then why does everybody have to carry an identity card which lists their nationality as "Jew" or something else (and if one of these nutcases has his way, it will list "Jew, Reform" or "Jew, Conservative" for those Jews who don't meet the theocrats' standards of orthodoxy)?
26 posted on 02/20/2002 6:12:15 PM PST by GovernmentShrinker
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To: GovernmentShrinker
If non-Jews have full rights, then why does everybody have to carry an identity card which lists their nationality as "Jew" or something else (and if one of these nutcases has his way, it will list "Jew, Reform" or "Jew, Conservative" for those Jews who don't meet the theocrats' standards of orthodoxy)?
1. Why does your driver's licence give race? It is an identifying characteristic. Part of the concern is to differentiate between Israeli arabs and Palestinians.

2. Theocrats? The Israeli elite, stating with their Supreme court are anti-religious.

3. The point about Orthodox vs non-orthodox Jews is about CONVERSION. Many Jews believe noting that non-Orthodox conversion is easy, and that Reform Judaism has no respect for Jewish law, question the veracity of any Reform conversion.
Think about it this way. If you were converted to Christianity by a Unitarian minister, should you be considered Baptist?

Finally, while Israel is not a theocracy and its elite are secular, it is tied to Judaism. There is a trinity to Israel
There is the land and country "Medinat Yisrael"
There is the religion of Abraham Isaac and Jacob (Jacob was renamed Israel)
And there is the people/nation, the decendants of Jacob/Israel "B'nei Yisrael"

Just as the French differentiate between French and non-french citizens, so to does Israel. Whi;le non-Jews can be citizens they are not Israeli Israelis.
This differentiation is a little strange in the US, but it is the US whihc is the exception in the world. We are one of the few countries based on an idea instead of a race.
No matten how tolerant another country is, this distinction will confuse leftists and libertarians who seek to impose their view of secular non-racial Americanism on the world.

27 posted on 02/20/2002 6:24:57 PM PST by rmlew
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To: GovernmentShrinker
If oyu think I'm kidding about he leftist comment, note that Ran Cohen is a member of the Israeli Socialist Party and is holding the same line here as Edward Said and Noam Chomsky.

Do you really want to be in bed with those people?

28 posted on 02/20/2002 6:27:36 PM PST by rmlew
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To: rmlew
"Their identity cards will now be worthless," Lau continued. "Tomorrow, if they want to register to get married, the day after if they go to the Immigration Ministry to ask for their basket of benefits or citizenship, they'll be told 'No, you're only thought of as a Jew on the population rolls, while as far as everything else goes, you remain in your goyishness."

The next move appeared to be up to Interior Minister Eli Yishai, leader of the ultra-Orthodox Shas, who was quick off the mark in blasting the ruling as "horrible, dangerous, most grievous, as well as anti-democratic." . . . Yishai said he could not bring himself "to register a non-Jew as a Jew". . . . As one option in the interim, Yishai said, if his office registers a Reform convert as a Jew, his clerks "add next to this the word 'Reform,' so that the whole Jewish people will know that he is Reform."

These people are talking about benefits and identity documents provided by the government, and one of them is the Interior Minister overseeing said documents. This is hardly just a matter affecting people's religious activities.

Why does your driver's licence give race?

It doesn't.

Part of the concern is to differentiate between Israeli arabs and Palestinians.

And why would the Israeli government need to to do that if both Jewish and non-Jewish citizens have "full rights"?

If you were converted to Christianity by a Unitarian minister, should you be considered Baptist

Thankfully, my government would leave that determination up to the Baptists.

It sounds as though many Israelis and Jews have already forgotten about those little yellow stars that were just supposed to be a helpful way of identifying who's Jewish and who's not. These programs tend not to turn out quite the way their purveyors advertise them at the outset. Be glad that Israel is moving away from this sort of thing, however incrementally.

29 posted on 02/20/2002 6:53:49 PM PST by GovernmentShrinker
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To: SJackson
That's a great point, Senator Jackson!
30 posted on 02/20/2002 8:42:59 PM PST by TopQuark
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To: Thinkin' Gal
Is the same Ran HaCohen, the surrender-moron buddy of JR at anti?
31 posted on 02/20/2002 8:49:12 PM PST by Yehuda
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To: GovernmentShrinker
These people are talking about benefits and identity documents provided by the government, and one of them is the Interior Minister overseeing said documents. This is hardly just a matter affecting people's religious activities.

Which part of the voluminous texts of Orthodox Jewish law on marriage that you don't understand do we have to waste our time explaining to you? And benefits in Israel (just like in the US) are dfferent if you are married or single - since Orthodox cannot marry non--orthodox, IT'S A PROBLEM. For us - NOT FOR YOU, SO KEEP YOUR LITTLE NOSE OUT OF IT AND GO RANT ON SOME OTHER JEW BASHING THREAD.

"Why does your driver's licence give race? "

It doesn't.

Maybe we should ask Israel to dumb down their driving license forms to be like Tenn, so any stupid illegal alien terrorist can get one. Will you be happier then? Hey, it will be easier for the palies to blow up Jews! Is that your goal?

"Part of the concern is to differentiate between Israeli arabs and Palestinians. "

And why would the Israeli government need to do that if both Jewish and non-Jewish citizens have "full rights"? "

For one thing, because Israeli arabs do not serve in the IDF (except for some Druse who are occassionally more trust worthy than you when it comes to not stabbing Jews in the back) - and lately Israeli Arabs have also started to become terrorists and suicide bomb delivery drivers. And I ask again - WHAT THE HECK BUSINESS IS IT OF YOURS? Unless you are looking for ways to give more aid and comfort to msulims who enjoy killing Jews?

Oh, US aid? Please, go play on the threads complaining about US aid to Saudi Arabia, the country where no Christians or Jew are allowed to openly worship, the country that STILL won't give the US their passenger lists of their CURRENT FLIGHT MANIFESTS COMING TO THE US - you have so much time to worry about the security of America that you pee all over a thread about internal Jewish religious matters?

"If you were converted to Christianity by a Unitarian minister, should you be considered Baptist"

Thankfully, my government would leave that determination up to the Baptists.

And the Israeli Govt (recreated in the modern era by socialists who still dominate the Supreme Court) should leave it to the JEWS! Not to the socialists, and not to some uniformed non-Jew.

It sounds as though many Israelis and Jews have already forgotten about those little yellow stars that were just supposed to be a helpful way of identifying who's Jewish and who's not.

HOW DARE YOU, YOU WHOSE ATTITUDES DOVETAIL PERFECTLY WITH THE ENEMIES OF JUDAISM, HOW DARE YOU PREACH TO US ABOUT NAZISM. Like hundreds if not thousands of Jews here on FR, I lost family to the Nazis - my fiance's family hid from Nazi's in ditches and lsurvived eating flowers. My father served the US Army in Europe during WW2. And this ruling by the socialist Israeli Supreme Court THAT YOU SUPPORT, will only encourage more assimilation and intermarriage, and the dilution of Judaism, THUS CONTINUING HITLER'S WORK.

Think about it genius - You are now part of the problem.

32 posted on 02/20/2002 9:19:31 PM PST by Yehuda
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To: Yehuda
wow...I have to tell a friend of mine who converted to Catholicism when he got married that he is continuing Hitler's work (his kids are being raised Catholic). This will surprise him.
33 posted on 02/20/2002 9:26:17 PM PST by LarryLied
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To: Yehuda
My friend, I understand your rage , at what some ignorant people have said . But, please try to understand that to some of us, this ruling is confusing.

If you wouldn't mind explaining something , I am one of those now very confused . In American , there are various levels ( sects ? ) of Judaism ; all of whom are considered to be practiionors of the Jewish religion : Orthodox, Conservative, Reform , and Hasidim ( Hasidic ? Oh well. the Lubervitchers and the other ones) . Forget , for the moment, about the secular Jews, whose only religion is LEFTISM !

If foreiegn conversions ( I take that to mean in the USA... os that correct ? ) have been okayed, in Israel, this new law is ONLY about conversions in Israel ? Are Conservative and Reform Jews NOT considered to be Jews , in Israel ? Since Jewishness is inherited through the mother, if a woman marries a nonJew, and he converts, is the baby still a Jew, and why wouldn't the man's convesion strengthen Judaism and NOT help to make it less so ?

These are honest questions, my dear friend. I am really out of my depth here and confused. Please help me to understand, and in so doing, help others as well.

34 posted on 02/20/2002 10:01:55 PM PST by nopardons
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To: nopardons
My friend, I understand your rage, at what some ignorant people have said. But, please try to understand that to some of us, this ruling is confusing.

I have no problem with sincere questions like yours (and have 1200 word answer you for in FR mail that I am trying to decide if I need to run by a Rabbi first) ) but the previous question were about bashing Judaism - his original post was peppered with "racist theocracy" blah blah...

At any rate, check your FR mail (and anyone else who wants the basics on NoPardon's questions should go here or for more info.

35 posted on 02/20/2002 11:34:16 PM PST by Yehuda
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To: Yehuda
Many thanks for the explanitory letter. It certainly DID clear up my confusion.

Yes, I know, you have every reason to be angry about the " theocracy , blah, blah, blah ... " !

36 posted on 02/21/2002 1:01:15 AM PST by nopardons
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To: nopardons
Jewish beginbers class
37 posted on 02/21/2002 6:23:42 AM PST by Jeremiah Jr
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To: Yehuda
Have you seen this weeks Hamodia?

Page 2 article,

"Judge: Shabbos Starts at Midnight"
A Tel Aviv Labor Court judge has ruled that Shabbos begins at midnight...

Holy vs. profane, Part...

38 posted on 02/21/2002 10:23:05 AM PST by Jeremiah Jr
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To: Jeremiah Jr
Thanks.
39 posted on 02/21/2002 1:00:55 PM PST by nopardons
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To: nopardons
>Please help me to understand, and in so doing, help others as well.

Click on my Profile for the background history on who is called a Jew, and why.

40 posted on 02/21/2002 3:43:48 PM PST by LostTribe
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To: Jeremiah Jr
Have you seen this weeks Hamodia?

LOL! Hamodia! (used to see it in my old neighborhood- guess I will again when I move back!)

"Judge: Shabbos Starts at Midnight" A Tel Aviv Labor Court judge has ruled that Shabbos begins at midnight... Holy vs. profane, Part...

the leftist morons are intent on starting a religious war...Good Shabbos and a Freiliche Purim! - Yehuda

41 posted on 02/22/2002 1:09:10 PM PST by Yehuda
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