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Accuracy In Media ^ | Reed Irvine

Posted on 02/28/2002 9:31:30 AM PST by Asmodeus

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To: Asmodeus
80,000 Freepers - 280 million citizens, we are about 2% of the population and that is why the Government can lie and get away with it. The other 98% just don't give a rat's butt about the truth.
101 posted on 03/03/2002 9:21:59 AM PST by sandydipper
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To: n9te
You say: "You've just proved my point with your elloquent ‘white washing’ of the Grassely Hearing!"

\El"o*quence\, n. [F. ['e]loquence, L. eloquentia, fr. eloquens. See Eloquent.] 1. Fluent, forcible, elegant, and persuasive speech in public; the power of expressing strong emotions in striking and appropriate language either spoken or written, thereby producing conviction or persuasion.

Since when is "Huh?" eloquent?

Since when does quoting from an official transcript constitute white washing?

You say: "The senator had the authority to really clear this up. He could have started by calling the ‘dogs’ off of Jim and Liz Sanders. Why go ballistic and start jailing people over a mear snippet of vinyl....freakking incredible...don't you agree???!!!"

Mr. DUNCAN: What I am wondering about is, I noticed in the material that you submitted to us that you were a consultant to the Sanders and their lawyer or lawyers. What I am wondering about is how-why do you feel they were convicted? I am sure that all of these questions that you have raised--

Commander DONALDSON: They were guilty. That is my point. They were guilty of the fact that they actually had these small two and three square inch pieces of fabric. Source

Date: Sat, 4 Oct 1997 21:26:05 -0400
Reply-To: Flight 800 discussion list FLIGHT-800@HOME.EASE.LSOFT.COM
From: Ian Goddard igoddard@EROLS.COM
Subject: Getting over TWA 800
Breaching the security of a criminal investigation, which all FBI investigations are, is a matter of National Security by definition.

Did Sanders illegally acquire evidence? Yes.

Did someone illegally give him evidence? Yes.

Is it the role of the govt to enforce law? Yes.

Because the answer to all those questions is "yes," the fact that the govt is pursuing violations of law proves only that the govt is guilty of enforcing laws.

The situation presents zero evidence of illicit cover-up and should not be measured as evidence of anything except that the govt is doing its stated job. If the FBI does not go after the violation, that would be derelict.
[end quote]

102 posted on 03/03/2002 9:33:04 AM PST by Asmodeus
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To: n9te
The ATF was not alone in reporting that Flight 800 was not a missile(s) [or bomb] victim:

The sworn testimony of FBI Chief Metallurgist William Tobin during the Grassley hearing

[emphasis added]

SENATOR GRASSLEY: For my first question, what was your position at the FBI?

WILLIAM TOBIN: At that time, I was the civilian equivalent of the Chief Metallurgist for the FBI laboratory.

GRASSLEY: And then your role in the TWA 800 crash investigation.

TOBIN: My role was to evaluate whether there could be or was any criminal activity associated with any of the--as to the cause or the materials' deformation or damage issues related to the crash.

GRASSLEY: When did you arrive at the hanger in Calverton, New York where the plane was being reconstructed?

TOBIN: I arrived on August 4th of 1996.

GRASSLEY: All right. At that time did you have any inclination as to whether or not a bomb was the cause of the crash?

TOBIN: From what I had seen and heard in the media, it did have the earmarks potentially of having been a bomb.

GRASSLEY: Generally what were the scientific issues you confronted in order to be able to reach any valid conclusions concerning the cause of the crash?

TOBIN: This air crash, in particular, was - is a very dynamic interaction of materials and forces that resulted in a massive amount of fractured and otherwise damaged metal aircraft components known to have been subjected to three of the most hostile circumstances that materials can undergo. In this particular case there was a midair fuel explosion. There was impact of the pieces from approximately two and a half miles in the air with the water's surface and subsequent undersea saltwater corrosion. The results were fractures, punctures, fragmentations, tears and rips, deformation and thermal, mechanical, chemical and electro-chemical damage processes including unavoidable recovery damage.

This was an extraordinary combination of material interaction and degradation processes which - each of which can serve to mask characteristics of the other processes. So, in short, this was a massive and technically complex metallurgical undertaking.

GRASSLEY: Was your initial inclination that the cause of the crash was a bomb? Was it confirmed by your evaluations?

TOBIN: No, Mr. Chairman, they were not.

GRASSLEY: Why not?

TOBIN: The materials just lacked, completely lacked any of the characteristics that would support impulsively loaded materials from within the aircraft. The various characteristics that, and there are numerous that would indicate the presence of a bomb resulting in impulsive loading were absent in the components.

GRASSLEY: What was it about the crash debris which disproved a bomb or missile theory?

TOBIN: Well the bomb -- disproved the bomb theory because of the complete absence of any of the characteristics associated with the type of behavior that bombs can cause.

As to the missile components, the same arguments would apply because that's also generally considered impulsive loading, but in addition there were penetration problems. Admittedly 100 percent of the aircraft was not recovered, but every time there was a portion of material missing, I could actually track through the multi-layered structures and actually find a component that existed in the path of what could have been viewed as an external penetration.

Further I would add that in some of those areas where there did appear to be a hole, the holes were from within outward, rather than from outward in. That was another characteristic. But - and that the material behavior was consistent with the fuel explosion known to have occurred.

GRASSLEY: Now I'd like to have you tell me what there is about your area of scientific expertise which qualified you to reach these conclusions that the cause of the crash was not a bomb?

TOBIN: Metallurgy or material science is the most appropriate scientific discipline to make the evaluations as to the material behavior and the deformation and damage associated with the various degradation and destructive processes.

GRASSLEY: Did you work with any other branches of the federal government during your years of disaster investigations?

TOBIN: Yes, Mr. Chairman, I did.

GRASSLEY: How did you find working with the NTSB?

TOBIN: In my view, they are unsurpassed in their expertise, in their competence and their professionalism.

GRASSLEY: Within 30 days of arriving at Calverton, what was your professional assessment of as to whether the cause of the crash was a bomb?

TOBIN: It progressed from an inclination of viewing the earmarks as possibly a bomb, but it changed rather quickly to confirmation within my mind that there was no indication of a bomb and unlikely to be that of a missile within the first 30 days.

GRASSLEY: Did you discuss that assessment with members of the National Transportation Safety Board? If so, how did they respond?

TOBIN: I did. We were -- I have a very intimate relationship with them from having worked these disasters for approximately 25 years with them at that point. That of course would include derailments and maritime disasters. But we were in daily, and I would almost - I probably could safely say hourly contact in our very intimate working relationship. So there was not really any proactive discussion needed because we were in a constant information exchange mode while we were working together.

GRASSLEY: Did there come a time when explosive residues were found on crash pieces of the plane? And what was your reaction to this discovery?

TOBIN: Yes, there were three separate incidents, or instances of the finding of high explosive residues on various parts. The first incident, I was quite skeptical. But when I reexamined the areas from which the residue was recovered, I confirmed that the surrounding materials showed no evidence whatsoever of any damage processes caused by a bomb.

So at that point I began to urge, partially because of my Marine Corp combat experience, urge that the history of this research - that this aircraft be researched. Because when I was in combat, we all carried basically some C4, which is a high explosive, and it's very easy to transfer the residues. So I thought the possibility existed that this aircraft may have been used to ferry troops to the Middle East for the Middle East War. And -- or that another possibility for the deposition was that the aircraft was used in drug sniffing exercises for canines.

GRASSLEY: When the second incident of explosive residues was found on a piece of the plane, what was your reaction?

TOBIN: I again repeated the process of confirmation as to the site and location from which the residues were recovered and confirmed again no indication whatsoever of impulsive loading or bomb or missile damage. I strengthened and reiterated my suggestion that the history of this aircraft be researched.

GRASSLEY: How did Mr. Kallstrom inform you when the third incident, the high explosive RDX was found on a piece of the recovered plane? What did he say?

TOBIN: When I was advised of that third finding of the residues, I was approached in a very excited manner and the statement was, we've got it, we've got it, it's confirmed. And I asked what was confirmed and he said, we got it, proof of the bomb and I saw in the very agitated or hyper emotional state that he was in that I needed to do some significant calming or try to bring it back down to earth or to urge prudence and caution in interpretation of those RDX residues.

I then decided that I probably should -- I used the analogy of a cardboard box at that particular time and what I was trying to convey to him was that a simple materials analogy. My representation was, I said, Jim basically from a material science standpoint this is what you've got. You've got a cardboard box, your chemists are finding residues inside the cardboard box and the sides of the box are not even bulged out. In my business, that's called a clue.

That didn't sit well, and at that point he got about six inches from my face and prompted - proceeded to advise me in rather graphic terms that it was a bomb. And that's the most suitable presentation I can put on for prime time right now.

GRASSLEY: Was the insinuation when he six inches away from your face is that he says it's a bomb and you as a scientist had better say it's a bomb?

TOBIN: I don't know what he intended to insinuate or intended for me to - how he intended for me to use that. I do know that he was rather graphic in his approach that it was a bomb and in fact I ended up wearing several particles of his saliva from that presentation.

GRASSLEY: Did you tell Mr. Kallstrom that if there was to be a public pronouncement that Flight 800 crashed due to a bomb that you would not support that announcement from a material science standpoint?

TOBIN: Yes, Senator, that's correct.

GRASSLEY: Why did you say this to Mr. Kallstrom?

TOBIN: After the finding of the third explosive residue hit and I saw the reaction and the fervor and the intensity and the frenzied reaction and I also saw the clothes that he had that day and I recognized the behavior immediately preceding most of the press announce - press conferences. And at that particular time, sorry I have something in my eye here.

At that particular time I saw that a major PR gaffe was imminent, was in the making and I think in large part due to my loyalty to the FBI, I decided at that point that, as we would say in Vietnam, I needed to throw my body on the grenade at that particular time. And I wanted to preclude or prevent a major, major PR gaffe that in my view was about to happen from which I don't believe the FBI would have recovered for a very long time.

And I then thought the last tool in my arsenal at that point was to indicate, to basically put the emperor without clothes. That if he was going to proceed to make an announcement that there was a bomb that he would not be supported from the material science standpoint. So that was at that point the last tool in my arsenal.

GRASSLEY: OK. My next point is kind of a summation maybe of what you said, but I want to ask it very direct. Based upon your direct personal observations, your direct contacts with Mr. Kallstrom and Mr. Maxwell and your discussions with bomb tech and chemical analysts at the crash site, at the investigation site, had you not forcefully protested directly to Mr. Kallstrom, do you believe that the FBI would have publicly declared the cause of the TWA Flight 800 crash to have been caused by an bomb? And why do you think so, if you think so?

TOBIN: It is my opinion that that was imminent and would have occurred. But even if there was not a hundred percent probability that it was going to occur, the odds were so high based on the actions and the demeanor and the tension that I, for the Bureau's sake I decided it was not worth the chance. So I - that's when I interceded at that point. Tried to put him in a position exposing him that to give him pause to think about any announcement that may be imminent.

GRASSLEY: I'm told on August the 13th '96 you wrote in a memo to your supervisor quote "I am under whelmed by the finding of RDX" end of quote. Why did you write this?

TOBIN: A number of reasons. One is I in fact was under whelmed by the finding of RDX as I've already indicated. But I -- it's partially my style to introduce some humor to try to get a point across so I think I made up my own word in that particular time.

But I decided after that proclamation from Mr. Kallstrom to me that it was a f---ing bomb, that I needed to start a documentation because I could foresee claims of malfeasance from the material science side or that the metallurgist never communicated his findings or -- there was no recording of my opinions, my positions. So at that point I decided -- and that was August, mid August I believe, I think it was August 13th only several weeks after I arrived. And I also needed to try to start reversing the tide, to try to introduce back to headquarters the crack in the dam that to start trying to opening the focus of causes.

GRASSLEY: Did you have occasion to have to deal with an order for 1000 random samples to be carved out of the aircraft?

TOBIN: Yes, I did.

GRASSLEY: What were your reasons for refusing to comply?

TOBIN: Throughout the whole interaction, except maybe the first week, I had some serious problems with statutory authority, Title 49 versus Title 18 issues. I throughout the investigation felt and particularly in view of having worked so many of these with the NTSB in the past, that this was not our aircraft to be carving up.

I also saw that that would have an effect from a material science standpoint, a significant impeding effect on their carrying out their chartered mission under Title 49. I didn't feel that it was our place to be carving up their aircraft.

Secondly, I had a problem. I and my colleague have spent almost our entire lives in metallurgy classrooms, in the practice of metallurgy and material science issues and we were being told basically what samples we needed, how many samples we needed to draw our conclusions and what tests would be conducted. Albeit the test that was insisted that we -- by an individual that had not spent a minute in a metallurgy classroom. I would also add that that request was so absurd on it's face, in part because we were ordered to put a 1000 random samples in a metallurgy machine, and to this day we're not real sure what a metallurgy machine is, but that was the order at the time.(CROSSTALK)

Part of the issues in that were that they were dissatisfied with the examinations we had conducted. They were dissatisfied with my lack of note taking, and there were five reasons that I enunciated as to why I was not taking detailed notes on the examination of these fragments. And there was dissatisfaction of the techniques that we were using to conduct these examinations, the -- again by the individual who'd not spent a minute in the material science classroom.

We were -- basically they were dissatisfied with the visual examinations. We were doing macroscopic examinations and microscope, stereo microscopic evaluation. But the supervisor in charge of the on site investigation was dissatisfied with those examinations and was insisting that we put 1000 random parts through a metallurgy machine. I would also add that those were the same techniques by the financially interested parties, the parties who had billions of dollars at stake. The were using -- not only using the same examination techniques that my colleague and I were using, in fact, they asked where I was able to -- if they could purchase one of the items that I used for my examinations to help their examinations.

GRASSLEY: Did you ever hear the phrase, bomb techs -- 3, Tobin-- 0? What did that mean if you heard it?

TOBIN: I wasn't aware you had that information. That was basically an analogy to a baseball game. The first week or so I kept trying to urge prudence and caution in the interpretation of these explosive residue hits. When the third one came, I was basically told that in this baseball game that metallurgy had no runs and that the bomb techs had three runs and how was there any credibility to be attached to my urgings of prudence and caution in the material science issues.

I at that point tried to explain that NTSB and my joint materials data stream, data flow was a long, a very long complex, drawn out process, that we just couldn't walk up to an aircraft and take a swab and then get an instant hit. But in answer to your question, Senator, that was a baseball game analogy that was demonstrated to me.

GRASSLEY: At some point, did the bomb techs agree with yours and the NTSB's assessment that the cause of the crash was not a bomb?

TOBIN: Yes, Senator. I would estimate that probably four to six weeks -- after about four to six weeks, we were all unanimously or near unanimously on the same page. And all being the bomb techs, the National Transportation Safety Board and the metallurgy or the material science interests in the FBI laboratory. We were all unanimously -- we were united in our observations and conclusions that there was no bomb or missile damage evident on those aircraft parts.

GRASSLEY: The term four to six weeks brings you to what date on the calendar approximately? Just approximately.

TOBIN: My guess would be mid September, early to mid September.

GRASSLEY: Were you aware of the visit of a psychic at the investigation site?

TOBIN: Yes, I was.

GRASSLEY: What was your reaction to this visit?

TOBIN: I was very disturbed.

GRASSLEY: Well, tell me how disturbed you were?

TOBIN: That was at a very sensitive time in the investigation. Up to that point there had been no release of scientific information to the American public. I felt -- I'm sorry...

GRASSLEY: Go ahead.

TOBIN: I felt that that was a very wrong signal to be sending out to the American public that two of the foremost agencies charged with being guardians of the public safety had to resort to a psychic to resolve this aircraft, these aircraft issues. That their scientists were not sufficiently competent to deal with it.

I also took it as a collective slap in our scientific and investigative faces in view of the mountain of experience that the NTSB and I had had working these things that they felt the need to resort to a psychic at that particular time. I did understand and learned eventually that it was not an authorized visit by the psychic, but then that brings the next question, raises the next question.


TOBIN: If we were so -- yes, Senator. If we were so controlling of another agency's personnel, why couldn't we control our own personnel?

GRASSLEY: Do you think someone was thinking in terms of getting brownie points by bringing in a psychic?

TOBIN: I can't address the motives for bringing a psychic in, I don't have any first hand information.

GRASSLEY: Did you learn what the psychic's findings were?

TOBIN: I believe I did.

GRASSLEY: And do you want to say what those findings were?

TOBIN: I don't recall. They went in one ear and out the other, but that may have been the catalyst, and I didn't even put this together until recently, that may have been the catalyst for the pristine overhead bin incident that...

GRASSLEY: Well let's talk about that.

TOBIN: I was ordered to, in a rather frenzied manner, to go conduct an exhaustive search in contact with my NTSB liaison, liaison capacity, to find a certain overhead bin that was characterized as in pristine condition.

But it was in a very emotional, very frenzied manner, so I inquired as to why I was looking for this particular pristine overhead bin on the port side of the aircraft, that was from the left-hand side of the aircraft. I was told that that was proof that NTSB was quote "squirreling away evidence" and stashing evidence, which again flies in the face of my interpretation of whose aircraft this was.

But, so I inquired as to why the pristine overhead bin was of such significance. I was told that that was demonstrative proof that they were squirreling away evidence. That the recovery had been captured on a video tape from the USS Grapple or the USSGrasp which-- one of the recovery ships. And on the videotape it showed this overhead bin being raised or set on the deck.

And I said, well I'm still missing some critical information, why is this important, why is this critical? To which I was advised that it had a suitcase, a badly charred and damaged suitcase inside the overhead bin. And my response at that point was, well I'm still missing some critical information. Why are we looking for this quote "pristine overhead bin"? Are you suggesting that there was a bomb in the suitcase that went off? Yes. Well that went off instantaneously brought down the 747 with no reporting on the FDR or CVR, flight data recorder or the cockpit voice recorder, and didn't put a scratch on the overhead bin. And I was told, yes, we want that overhead bin and I was continued -- told to go find that overhead bin.

GRASSLEY: Did you ever hear the expression that two hundred and sixty some witnesses can't be wrong? Referring to various eyewitness accounts which supported the bomb and missile theory.

TOBIN: Yes, I did.

GRASSLEY: Under what circumstances did you hear that position? And how did you respond to those comments?

TOBIN: That was the continual argument advanced when I continued to try to use the cardboard box analogy. That basically NTSB's and my position in a material scientist position is that the box fragments --if you have a bomb in a box, the box fragments will tell the story. And my position was, I don't care how many witnesses say what, the box, the container has to tell the story. And I was continually told that two hundred and sixty some witnesses can't be wrong.

Well I repeatedly tried to convey the physics involved in the materials interactions. Number one the velocity of sound and air and why from my experience as a -- from having worked the streets as an agent, why eyewitness testimony can be flawed. And I conveyed the speed of light, I'm sorry, the speed of sound and air and the problems with audible and visual stimuli from witnesses that, two hundred and sixty some witnesses, whose focus would have been brought to the same xyz coordinates in space. That there were reasons why -- that those two hundred and sixty some witnesses could not have -- highly unlikely that they would have all seen the initial conflagration or explosion of that aircraft. A position that was ignored for a very long time, but which eventually was confirmed by CIA analysis.

GRASSLEY: What was the reaction of the FBI officials to your scientific position?

TOBIN: Well I -- the officials on site after -- when I first got there I basically walked on water, but after about a week to ten days when it became clear that I was not as supportive of the bomb or the missile proponents, I began to methodically get excluded from any input in the decision making process with regard to bomb or missile or even mechanical failure causes.

GRASSLEY: Was your position ever validated? And if so, by whom and how?

TOBIN: My position of -- oh, with regard to the reasons why 260 witnesses could be wrong? Yes, in fact as I indicated, the CIA did a very excellent study and videotape showing the effects of an audible and visual stimulation, external stimuli and that they in fact confirmed that those witnesses, it was highly unlikely that they would have seen the original event.

And again, there were logical reasons why when one's attention is drawn over to that, to an omni-directional explosion, individuals will probably see fragments or something proceeding in an upward direction trailing smoke and flames, particularly if it's from the fuel tank. So there were reasons why some of the characteristics that were described probably were seen.

GRASSLEY: Was there any scientific support justifying the missile theory cause of the crash?


GRASSLEY: What were some of the characteristics which negated the missile theories.

TOBIN: Well probably the most prominent -- actually there were two main areas negating missile theory. One, of course, again is the absence of impulsive loading or very high speed fractured and failure mechanisms. But secondly, there was serious issues with almost every theory, or almost every theory as to access of an external missile to the fuel tank.

Even with as I indicated earlier, one would focus on an area where we didn't recover all of the fuel tank, there were components nearby that would have blocked or at least recorded passage of any externally penetrating object and if that weren't the case then there many layers including the external underbelly of the aircraft.

And that was recovered -- a huge portion of that was recovered. So that basically, the only plausible theory for some of the missiles to have occurred would have been if there were missile such that could get maybe through a one or two inch opening and make an immediate left, go in 90 degrees through a seam and then maybe take another 90 degree right and then maybe reverse itself and then come back over.

But those were some of the considerations.

GRASSLEY: Like the single bullet theory. Despite the scientific explanations, did any FBI officials with responsibility over the crash scene continue to advance the missile theories?


GRASSLEY: Did they continue to pursue these missile theories in a scientifically responsible manner? And please explain your answer and particularly I'd like to have you explain the pickle-fork missile theory.

TOBIN: The answer to the first portion of that is that, no, they were not scientifically responsible. The pickle-fork theory was a continued thorn in our sides. I tried to negate it and brunt it but it reared it's head in about the third or fourth day.

That was an area on the starboard side of the aircraft, the right side of the aircraft, that had the appearance of some significant amount of material missing.

Now I would also add that what's important in the evaluations of the damage was the missile size that was the most prevalent and available to have penetrated the aircraft or was of the most reasonable threat was three and a half to four inches in diameter. That's a critical dimension.

This pickle-fork area, I overheard the supervisor running the operation in briefings of dignitaries and other officials indicating that there was material missing and about like this. Well, the hands, first of all noted were in a curved manner which was not consistent with the damage but secondly it was also roughly three and a half to four inches or six inches in diameter so I saw that several times and I thought I probably should step in and try to clarify this to nip this in the bud because that was, I saw, fueling, and no pun intended, the perception and drawing out the theory that the missile caused the damage.

So I went to the supervisor and I said, if you got a few minutes let me describe to you the process by which a metallurgist or material science or in this case, I conclude that there is only about an inch to an inch and a half of material missing from the site. So I proceeded to take him through the logic processes. I actually used cardboard and cut-outs and got him to agree that the fracture here was of this shape and we cut the cardboard to the fracture size shape. Went to another portion of the hangar and I got an agreement that these fractures in fact matched.

This is where it's from in the front portion of the fuel tank on the starboard side. And proceeded to then show, OK, now if we unfold this folded material there's an additional three inches. I went through the whole process and got him to agree that it was only one to one and a half inches of material missing. The very next day I heard the same story to the next group of dignitaries he was briefing.

So I thought well, I'll try this again. So I went back that day or the next day and went through the same process and two days later the same three and a half to four inches of material was missing from this pickle-fork area and at that point both the bomb techs and I threw up our hands and...

GRASSLEY: Can you give me the name of the individual involved?

TOBIN: That would be SSA Ken Maxwell (ph).

GRASSLEY: Did they continue to -- no I think you've answered that. Let me ask you if you have any recommendations as to how transportation disasters should be investigated by the forensic communities in the future?

TOBIN: I would have several recommendations in that regard. Let me clarify if you don't mind just one sentence before I answer that. I would like to make clear that this was not a usual course of events for FBI NTSB interaction. The 25 years that I've been working this and my colleagues have been working this the NTSB was a beautiful system. It worked very, very well.

This particular investigation was the aberration in my experience. So, I would be reticent to suggest some course tuning but rather some fine tuning. So, the observations that I would offer I would suggest be taken in a fine tuning mode but my first observation is that the outcome or practice of science for such public safety issues of such magnitude should not be dependent on a single individuals agenda, biases, idiosyncrasies or the strength of their personality which it clearly was in this case.

My second observation or suggestion is that scientists are not on an equal footing inside the law enforcement community in the strategic decision making process. There are a number of examples of that but basically scientists are, I won't say viewed as second class citizens but basically what happens inside the forensic community is if we collaborate or validate the prevailing theory, we walk on water.

If the science does not validate the prevailing theory, then the science is just basically ignored. There are some other issues, I think the third would be that if there is some fine tuning, additional fine tuning, I would suggest that we revert back to the way that FBI and NTSB have worked these cases in the past. That the FBI's interests can be preserved by the presence of a material scientist who is experienced in materials deformation and damage working along side the NTSB, whether it's rail, maritime or aircraft disasters, represent the FBI's interest in determining whether there is or could be potential criminal activity involved in the cause.

And then allow that contingent to ratchet up whatever additional support or FBI involvement that there should be. So, that would be my, basically that the -- I think part of the problem that occurred here was that with the process and the system being so singularly dependent upon a single individual, strong personality individual, that what I was seeing there in the first four to six weeks is what psychologists have found or concluded to be basically what was called group think.

And I saw that very evident there and if I may explain the term, was after the Bay of Pigs failure, psychologists determined, one of, not the major cause of that disaster was that the decision making process was comprised of individuals of very similar backgrounds, similar training's, similar careers. In that strategic decision making process there was no descenting opinion within that process.

And I saw that there was such a unanimity of opinion that it was a very -- I felt like I was trying to stop a train single handedly going 90 miles an hour there, but that's part of why I'm suggesting that if there's a way of fine tuning or if fine tuning is desired it should be somehow or another -- and I think the resolution I'm offering is by allowing the material scientists and a very small contingent to liaison and represent the FBI's interest, I believe that could go a long way in reducing the vulnerability of group think because NTSB clearly, in my personal experience are the world renowned experts in disaster investigations.

GRASSLEY: You know, what you just described here’s some of the same problems that we found in Waco. The experts advice is not given a voice. The negotiators and the HRT was in hard control at that particular time in that event.

[GRASSLEY continued] Let me ask you something along the same line and that is about advice and how this went and what needs to be done for the future. We've had FBI officials claim that the TWA flight 800 investigation was so good that it's a model for the future. Is it a model for the future?

TOBIN: I can only address the material science and the scientific issues but I would say, yes, it's a model but it's model of how now to integrate proper science and how not integrate the scientific conclusions into the strategic decision making process. But clearly that's on the opposite end of the spectrum from the term that I believe the model was intended.

GRASSLEY: Are the problems you encountered during the TWA 800 investigation characteristic of other disaster investigations that you've conducted for the FBI?

TOBIN: No, Senator, I will underscore that this was a singular aberration that was not characteristic of my prior working arrangement with NTSB or on behalf of the FBI. It was a beautiful synergy and relationship in every other situation that I represented the FBI's material interest in.

GRASSLEY: This is my last question. Your observations or recommendations you might have of what went wrong with the system with regard to the flow of scientific information?

TOBIN: A major flaw that I do see in the system is that it's too easily ignored by the strategic decision makers. I think if you look at the Unabomb situation, the Richard Jewell Centennial Park Bombing, the TWA 800, the common thread is that the scientific flow of information is ignored when it doesn't support the prevailing theory.

And again that is the basis of which I suggest that scientists are not on equal footing in the decision making process within the law enforcement, at least within the FBI.

GRASSLEY: You're a breath of fresh air, Mr. Tobin. You've been very helpful to us for not only appearing today but for our getting the necessary background that needs to be done to make this a valuable contribution to the process of constitutional oversight by the Congress.

I don't know how to thank you other then to say thank you. And obviously you set an example for a person who was trained to seek the truth, to work for an organization that is always supposed to seek the truth and let the truth determine guilt or innocence and I think you have lived up to that very well and in particularly you shine in this black hole of investigation that we had in regard of the TWA case. I thank you very much and I'll dismiss you at this point.

TOBIN: Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

103 posted on 03/03/2002 10:00:29 AM PST by Asmodeus
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Comment #104 Removed by Moderator

To: Magician
"Any investigation that denies the testimony of 100 witnesses who say they saw a missile go up and hit the TWA 800 is a coverup. There is NOTHING you can post that gets around the witnesses' observations or the obvious coverup.

Click here and see if you can provide the readers with a meaningful rebuttal.

NONE of those alleging a "shootdown" have been able to do so todate.

105 posted on 03/03/2002 10:55:20 AM PST by Asmodeus
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To: VectoRama
With all due respect, you don't understand the radar data plot you've posted. The times listed with the radar plots correspond to clock times. The last secondary radar hits (transponder signals represented by the dots connected with red lines) from TWA800 occurred at 2031:12, and that time is used to represent the initial explosions in TWA 800. The 14-17 knot track is over 5 miles away from TWA 800 at that time, and is still showing up on radar 16 minutes later (47:29) when it is approximately 2 miles away from where TWA 800 initially exploded. Now SubMareneer said it takes a couple minutes for the Trepang to crash dive, but I don't think he meant 16. So no, Beers' first story absolutely does not pass the truth test.
106 posted on 03/03/2002 10:59:25 AM PST by Rokke
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Comment #107 Removed by Moderator

To: VectoRama
"You make it sound like all 755 people were looking in the same area all the time but only 25% saw the mysterious streak. That's as misleading as someone on the other extreme saying almost all 755 witnesses saw a missile"

I'll buy that. Let me try another approach. On final analysis the NTSB there were 258 streak of light witnesses, yet only 38 describe the streak as moving vertically or nearly so. This is from pg 232 of the NTSB final report. Certainly each of these witnesses saw the streak, but less than 20% reported it moved vertically. Who are we supposed to believe?

108 posted on 03/03/2002 11:14:13 AM PST by Rokke
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To: n9te
"you know as well as I do, when the center section is blown out (whether by bomb, fuel vapor or high speed object) the wings will fold instantly."

I can only believe you haven't actually read the entire sequencing study. It spells out in excrutiating detail each step of the breakup. I've been a professional pilot for 12 years and have seen plenty of things that don't seem to pass the common sense test. The only knowledge I have on the inflight destruction of 747's comes from the sequencing study in the NTSB report. Boeing played a primary role in that study from the very start. The top engineers at Boeing obviously disagree with you. I'll take their word for it.

109 posted on 03/03/2002 11:42:23 AM PST by Rokke
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To: Asmodeus
I would not believe any member of the fbi if they swore that the sun rose from the est and set in the west.

At one time the fbi was comprised of patroitic and honest and honorable individuals.This is not the case today.

110 posted on 03/03/2002 11:54:30 AM PST by sport
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To: Young Werther
"If this witness is a fraud, why did X-42 issue an Executive Order that suspended the Whistle Blower protection for all those navy personnel in and around the TWA 800 accident scene."

I didn't say the witness is a fraud. I said Irvine is. And clinton's executive order only covered the Naval Special Warfare Development Group. It says nothing about hypothetical submarine crews participating in theoritical classified exercises. You've been roped in by false claims by fraudulant "investigators" like Irvine. Having said that, I will agree that clinton is a maggot who clearly currupted our Justice Department, and to a large extent, the FBI.

111 posted on 03/03/2002 11:59:55 AM PST by Rokke
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Comment #112 Removed by Moderator

To: It'salmosttolate
Love the music! Einstein would have been happy to learn he actually found the Unified Field Theory! He thought he never did. ;-)
113 posted on 03/03/2002 12:48:49 PM PST by SubMareener
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Comment #114 Removed by Moderator

Comment #115 Removed by Moderator

To: VectoRama
Your quote:

"...perfectly recorded the over-pressure created by the explosion of the missile in the vicinity of the forward part of the airplane."

The IAM quote:

" The initial event caused a structural failure in the area of Flight Station 854 to 860, lower left side of the aircraft". That is roughly where the leading edge of the wing joins the fuselage.

My quote:

"None of the parties involved in the investigation support your analysis, and that includes Boeing, TWA, ALPA, and even the IAM."

I guess I could buy front half of the airplane. But where is the data detailing the effects of an overpressure on the front part of the plane? Certainly not in the IAM report. I stand by my statement and add the following quotes from Boeing, ALPA and TWA.
Boeing: "Boeing’s examination of the recovered wreckage did not reveal any evidence of bomb damage on the structure or damage that could be expected from a missile impact."
ALPA: "Immediately after the accident, there was strong speculation that a criminal act was the cause of the explosion. However, as the wreckage recovery progressed, it became clear that the center wing tank (CWT) was the origin point of the explosion, and the focus of the investigative efforts became the identification of the ignition source."
TWA: "All recovered pieces were carefully examined for evidence of an explosive device and none was found."

116 posted on 03/03/2002 1:37:52 PM PST by Rokke
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To: n9te
" they do not really know at this moment in time whether the tank explosion came before or was the result of air frame failure."

That simply is not true. As per the Boeing submission, they agree with the sequence of the breakup. The fact that the root cause of the explosion within the CWT is not known does not preclude determining what the sequence of breakup was after the explosion. You don't believe the NTSB, Boeing, NASA, ALPA, TWA, or (I'm sure) the FBI or CIA. Just who do you believe with regard to TWA 800?

And on a side note, you and I are in full agreement about the importance of NASCAR on a Sunday afternoon.

117 posted on 03/03/2002 1:53:45 PM PST by Rokke
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To: Rokke
You've misattributed a statement by someone else to me. My point that should have been clear enough is that the IAM report does support the conclusion of an external high-pressure event that caused the CWT explosion as a secondary result. That's basically consistent with the analysis you were saying was not supported by any official report including the IAM report.
118 posted on 03/03/2002 1:54:09 PM PST by VectoRama
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To: Rokke
On final analysis the NTSB there were 258 streak of light witnesses, yet only 38 describe the streak as moving vertically or nearly so. This is from pg 232 of the NTSB final report. Certainly each of these witnesses saw the streak, but less than 20% reported it moved vertically. Who are we supposed to believe?

That's meaningless. Seeing as some witnesses described a "flare" rising upwards vertically and then leveling off, flying more or less horizontally, the data you cite merely indicates that some people saw that streak at different times (only 38 seeing it during the vertical stage of flight). So that data does not tell us what it was or was not and it does not present any contradictions.

On the other hand, the data I posted about those who said where the "flare" originated (93% with a clear view of the origin saying it originated from the surface/horizon) does indicate what was most likely seen.

119 posted on 03/03/2002 2:49:56 PM PST by VectoRama
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To: Magician; Michael Rivero; Fred Mertz
Very interesting. This retired lieutenant commander would like to know how anybody could think it is more in the institutional interest of the Navy to keep the sheeple in blissful ignorance than to have the confidence of the informed
120 posted on 03/03/2002 3:30:41 PM PST by aristeides
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