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Islamists and Anti-Americanism (It's a war to the death which they fully intend to win.)
MERIA [Middle East Review of International Affairs] ^ | December 2003 | Reuven Paz

Posted on 12/27/2003 3:23:46 PM PST by quidnunc

The leading element of anti-Americanism in contemporary world politics is the radical Islamist one, which, since the 1990s, has viewed the United States as its strongest and principal enemy.  This perception, especially after the American occupation of Iraq, is often accompanied by a demonization of the United States in an apocalyptic sense within a concept of a war that heralds the end of the world.

Since the September 11, 2001 attacks and the onset of a global war against terrorism led by the United States, anti-Americanism has become an integral part of world politics.  The debate over war in Iraq and then the war itself, invoked even more anti-Americanism in the Arab and Muslim World, as well as in parts of Europe. In parts of the world, anti-Americanism is also linked to anti-Globalization.

Yet, the leading element of anti-Americanism in contemporary world politics is the radical Islamist one, which, since the 1990s, has viewed the United States as its strongest and principal enemy. This perception, especially after the American occupation of Iraq, is often accompanied by a demonization of the United States in an apocalyptic sense within a concept of a war that heralds the end of the world.

The roots of Islamist anti-Americanism were deep long before the rise of the Jihadist movement in the 1990s, or the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. They were developed by the anti-American atmosphere of secular Arab regimes, such as the Nasserist and Ba'thist ones, and encouraged by their alliance with the Soviet Union. Millions of Arabs grew up with and were indoctrinated by anti-American slogans, and the perception of the United States as an enemy that was plotting against them by supporting Israel.

Secular Arab anti-Americanism was mainly political, and not part of a cultural worldview. But, it heavily contributed to the development of Islamist anti-Americanism, by contributing one very important element — the sense of a global Western conspiracy against the Arabs and the Arab and Muslim world.

The sense of confronting a conspiracy is a crucial element in understanding contemporary Islamist anti-Americanism. It provides the Islamists with their main justification and motive for developing the image of the "American enemy." The fact that the Islamists became the leading proponents of anti-Americanism in our time supported the notion that a cultural clash of civilizations was occurring. In previous decades, Arabs and Muslims had vacillated between being pressured by their governments to espouse political hatred of the United States, while, at the same time, there was admiration for its culture, education, freedom, and wealth.  Millions of Arabs and Muslims had been dreaming about immigration to the United States and some of them managed to fulfill these dreams. The Islamists managed to turn this dual situation among certain circles — especially intellectuals and highly educated Muslims — into a war of cultures. They spread anti-American feelings, not to mention support and justification for terrorism against the United States.

Sayyid Qutb – the roots of Islamist anti-Americanism

The first Islamist to declare a cultural war against the United States and Western civilization was the Egyptian scholar Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966). Qutb was a senior official in the Egyptian Ministry of Education in the late 1940s, and a member of the then influential movement of the Muslim Brotherhood. In 1949 he was sent to the United States for two years to study methods of education. During the two years that he spent in the United States, he began to develop his radical ideas and doctrines, which, in the 1960s and 1970s, would become the philosophical basis of a wide spectrum of Jihadi groups.

Malise Ruthven, who spent time exploring the writings of Sayyid Qutb, wrote that he "was as significant in that world as Lenin was to Communism." Ruthven characterized his visit to the United States as "the defining moment or watershed from which 'the Islamist war against America' would flow."

Sayyid Qutb wrote many articles and letters from the United States. Many of them were collected in a book published in Saudi Arabia in 1985.(1) Many references to his views on the United States are found in his writings, including his monumental interpretation of the Koran, "In the Shadow of the Koran" (Fi Zalal al-Koran).

In his letters and writings, Sayyid Qutb laid the foundation for the perception that American society, and hence Western culture, was the new form of Jahiliyyah — the pre-Islamic period, which represents ignorance of God's rule and the rule of arbitrary law instead. In his famous book, Milestones (Ma'alim fi al-Tariq), Qutb draws the most important element of his conclusions from his interpretation of Western society in the American paradigm:

The leadership of mankind by Western man is now on the decline, not because Western culture has become poor materially or because its economic and military power has become weak. The period of the Western system has come to an end primarily because it is deprived of those life-giving values, which enabled it to be the leader of mankind.

It is necessary for the new leadership to preserve and develop the material fruits of the creative genius of Europe, and also to provide mankind with such high ideals and values as have so far remained undiscovered by mankind, and which will also acquaint humanity with a way of life which is harmonious with human nature, which is positive and constructive, and which is practicable.

Islam is the only System, which possesses these values and this way of life.

From these conclusions, he then defines the nature of the clash between Islam and the West/United States: 

The enemies of the Believers may wish to change this struggle into an economic or political or racial struggle, so that the Believers become confused concerning the true nature of the struggle and the flame of belief in their hearts becomes extinguished. The Believers must not be deceived, and must understand that this is a trick. The enemy, by changing the nature of the struggle, intends to deprive them of their weapon of true victory, the victory, which can take any form, be it the victory of the freedom of spirit….(2)

Qutb argued that the worst form of colonialism, which had outlasted the formal end of European colonialism, was "intellectual and spiritual colonialism." He advised the Islamic world to destroy the influence of the West within itself, to eradicate its residue "within our feelings." Anti-Americanism, according to Qutb's philosophical legacy for the generations that followed him, was "the greater Jihad" in Islam — the Jihad of the self or Jihad al-Nafs. This Jihad would therefore require the emergence of a new generation of Muslims who should fight the West primarily in their own minds long before moving to launch a military Jihad.

(Excerpt) Read more at meria.idc.ac.il ...


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Extended News; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: antiamericanism; clashofcivilizations
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As long as there is a need for an enemy and for revenge, anti-Americanism will remain part of Islamist religious and cultural doctrines, and will go on fueling the Islamist Jihad, either its violence and terrorism, or its political element. A change away from this approach can only come from within the Muslim world, through social and cultural developments.

There's no mollifying, appeasing or compromising with these crazy galoots.

They must be defeated with blood and fire.

1 posted on 12/27/2003 3:23:47 PM PST by quidnunc
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To: quidnunc
This perception, especially after the American occupation of Iraq, is often accompanied by a demonization of the United States in an apocalyptic sense within a concept of a war that heralds the end of the world.

-------------------

If we don't get off this Islam is the religion of peace kick eminating from the Oval Office, it will be the end of our world.

2 posted on 12/27/2003 3:32:32 PM PST by RLK
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To: quidnunc; Ronly Bonly Jones
The roots of Islamist anti-Americanism were deep long before the rise of the Jihadist movement in the 1990s, or the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979.

We'll have Ronly Bonly Osama stop by and let you know it is all the Serbs' fault.

3 posted on 12/27/2003 3:37:53 PM PST by FormerLib (We'll fight the good fight until the very end!)
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To: quidnunc
ISLAMISTS AND ANTI-AMERICANISM

By Reuven Paz

The leading element of anti-Americanism in contemporary world politics is the radical Islamist one, which, since the 1990s, has viewed the United States as its strongest and principal enemy. This perception, especially after the American occupation of Iraq, is often accompanied by a demonization of the United States in an apocalyptic sense within a concept of a war that heralds the end of the world. Since the September 11, 2001 attacks and the onset of a global war against terrorism led by the United States, anti-Americanism has become an integral part of world politics. The debate over war in Iraq and then the war itself, invoked even more anti-Americanism in the Arab and Muslim World, as well as in parts of Europe. In parts of the world, anti-Americanism is also linked to anti-Globalization. Yet, the leading element of anti-Americanism in contemporary world politics is the radical Islamist one, which, since the 1990s, has viewed the United States as its strongest and principal enemy. This perception, especially after the American occupation of Iraq, is often accompanied by a demonization of the United States in an apocalyptic sense within a concept of a war that heralds the end of the world. The roots of Islamist anti-Americanism were deep long before the rise of the Jihadist movement in the 1990s, or the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. They were developed by the anti-American atmosphere of secular Arab regimes, such as the Nasserist and Ba'thist ones, and encouraged by their alliance with the Soviet Union. Millions of Arabs grew up with and were indoctrinated by anti-American slogans, and the perception of the United States as an enemy that was plotting against them by supporting Israel. Secular Arab anti-Americanism was mainly political, and not part of a cultural worldview. But, it heavily contributed to the development of Islamist anti-Americanism, by contributing one very important element -- the sense of a global Western conspiracy against the Arabs and the Arab and Muslim world. The sense of confronting a conspiracy is a crucial element in understanding contemporary Islamist anti-Americanism. It provides the Islamists with their main justification and motive for developing the image of the "American enemy." The fact that the Islamists became the leading proponents of anti-Americanism in our time supported the notion that a cultural clash of civilizations was occurring. In previous decades, Arabs and Muslims had vacillated between being pressured by their governments to espouse political hatred of the United States, while, at the same time, there was admiration for its culture, education, freedom, and wealth. Millions of Arabs and Muslims had been dreaming about immigration to the United States and some of them managed to fulfill these dreams. The Islamists managed to turn this dual situation among certain circles--especially intellectuals and highly educated Muslims--into a war of cultures. They spread anti-American feelings, not to mention support and justification for terrorism against the United States. SAYYID QUTB - THE ROOTS OF ISLAMIST ANTI -AMERICANISM The first Islamist to declare a cultural war against the United States and Western civilization was the Egyptian scholar Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966). Qutb was a senior official in the Egyptian Ministry of Education in the late 1940s, and a member of the then influential movement of the Muslim Brotherhood. In 1949 he was sent to the United States for two years to study methods of education. During the two years that he spent in the United States, he began to develop his radical ideas and doctrines, which, in the 1960s and 1970s, would become the philosophical basis of a wide spectrum of Jihadi groups. Malise Ruthven, who spent time exploring the writings of Sayyid Qutb, wrote that he "was as significant in that world as Lenin was to Communism." Ruthven characterized his visit to the United States as "the defining moment or watershed from which 'the Islamist war against America' would flow." Sayyid Qutb wrote many articles and letters from the United States. Many of them were collected in a book published in Saudi Arabia in 1985.(1) Many references to his views on the United States are found in his writings, including his monumental interpretation of the Koran, "In the Shadow of the Koran" (Fi Zalal al-Koran). In his letters and writings, Sayyid Qutb laid the foundation for the perception that American society, and hence Western culture, was the new form of Jahiliyyah--the pre-Islamic period, which represents ignorance of God's rule and the rule of arbitrary law instead. In his famous book, Milestones (Ma'alim fi al-Tariq), Qutb draws the most important element of his conclusions from his interpretation of Western society in the American paradigm: The leadership of mankind by Western man is now on the decline, not because Western culture has become poor materially or because its economic and military power has become weak. The period of the Western system has come to an end primarily because it is deprived of those life-giving values, which enabled it to be the leader of mankind. It is necessary for the new leadership to preserve and develop the material fruits of the creative genius of Europe, and also to provide mankind with such high ideals and values as have so far remained undiscovered by mankind, and which will also acquaint humanity with a way of life which is harmonious with human nature, which is positive and constructive, and which is practicable. Islam is the only System, which possesses these values and this way of life. From these conclusions, he then defines the nature of the clash between Islam and the West/United States: The enemies of the Believers may wish to change this struggle into an economic or political or racial struggle, so that the Believers become confused concerning the true nature of the struggle and the flame of belief in their hearts becomes extinguished. The Believers must not be deceived, and must understand that this is a trick. The enemy, by changing the nature of the struggle, intends to deprive them of their weapon of true victory, the victory, which can take any form, be it the victory of the freedom of spirit….(2) Qutb argued that the worst form of colonialism, which had outlasted the formal end of European colonialism, was "intellectual and spiritual colonialism." He advised the Islamic world to destroy the influence of the West within itself, to eradicate its residue "within our feelings." Anti-Americanism, according to Qutb's philosophical legacy for the generations that followed him, was "the greater Jihad" in Islam--the Jihad of the self or Jihad al-Nafs. This Jihad would therefore require the emergence of a new generation of Muslims who should fight the West primarily in their own minds long before moving to launch a military Jihad. Twenty-five years after Sayyid Qutb's Milestones, one of his major followers, the Palestinian Dr. Abdallah 'Azzam, spiritual father of Qa'idat al-Jihad, wrote an article in Afghanistan that set the principles of the group that would become al-Qa'ida: Every principle needs a vanguard (Tali'ah) to carry it forward and, while forcing its way into society, puts up with heavy tasks and enormous sacrifices. There is no ideology, neither earthly nor heavenly, that does not require such a vanguard that gives everything it possesses in order to achieve victory for this ideology. It carries the flag all along the sheer endless and difficult path until it reaches its destination in the reality of life, since Allah has destined that it should make it and manifest itself. This vanguard constitutes the solid base (al-Qa'ida al-Sulbah) for the expected society. As long as the ideology - even if it originates from the Lord of the Worlds--does not find this self-sacrificing vanguard that spends everything in its possession for the sake of making its ideology prevail, this ideology will be still-born, perishing before it sees light and life. The motto of those who carry this ideology forward must be: 'Call your partners (of Allah), and then plot against me, and give me no respite. My protector is Allah, who has revealed the Book. He will choose and support the righteous.' (Surat al-A'raf, 195-196)… Now America is trying to grab the fruits of this great Jihad and to rule without recourse to Allah's book. Accordingly, the solid base has to face international pressures and temptations from all over the world. But they refused to bow their heads before the storm. They decided to continue their march along a path of sweat and tears and blood.(3) Sayyid Qutb not only laid the basis for radical Islamist anti-Americanism, but was also one of the ideologues that most influenced the emergence of various trends of present-day Islamism and its sense of being attacked by a global, American led, conspiracy. Islamists tend to give a "scientific" cover to their analysis of global and historical developments. However, their analysis is rather unscientific since the model for the norms of true Islamic behavior is always Muhammad the Prophet and the first generation of Muslims (Al-Salaf al-Salih). Further, the way to relate to this model is through evidence derived from a series of citations from the sacred sources of Islam, and the historical developments of the Muslims. In some ways, Qutb's influence was similar. He wrote his impressions of American society and culture at a time when the United States was still a mystery for most Muslims, especially in the Arab Muslim world. The enemy then was Great Britain, either in the Arab world, India or Malaysia. In the 1950s, even the creation of Israel was still perceived as a British conspiracy. In the eyes of many Islamists, the change of developments in the Middle East and the growing direct involvement of the United States made Sayyid Qutb seem quite prescient. Therefore, his writings about American society and culture became a kind of sacred source to refer to in developing the blunt anti-Americanism of the 1990s. Sayyid Qutb introduced anti-Americanism to the Islamic world. His followers developed and merged this element into their interpretation of Islam, and made it a part of the religion and one's religious duties. An Egyptian Islamist, Dr. Tareq Hilmi, opened his October 2003 article entitled "America that We Hate," with the statement: "We worship Allah by hatred of America." Then he gave a summary of the reasons for this hatred, culled from numerous other articles and publications: "This is the America that declared war against Islam and the Muslims under the title of world terrorism. This is the America that gives unlimited and unconditional support for the Zionist entity. This is the America that wants the Muslims to surrender and submit to the forces of occupation, otherwise they are considered terrorists. This is the America that is using weapons that are internationally prohibited to crush the Muslims of Iraq and Afghanistan, and is using its planes and missiles to attack the Muslims in Palestine. This is the America that protects the agent governments in the Islamic world, which act against the will of the Muslim peoples… The history of America is full of evilness against humanity… "This is the America that occupies the world with the culture of sex and deviation. This is the pagan civilization in Christian disguise… This is the American civilization whose object is the body and its means is materialism. The spirit has no place in the system of American values. They are dressed with Christian clothes on hearts that know nothing but stealing, robbing, and occupying the possessions of others. Has America left one place in our lives as Muslims without corrupting it?" (4) THE CULTURE OF GLOBAL JIHAD These kinds of articles are primarily aimed at "The cursed, who are not fighting by Jihad… their brothers are killed and they remain asleep… their sacred laws are violated and they remain calm… they love miserable life and hate the honorable death." These articles portray the United States as the "mother of all evils" in the world. They demonize American politics, culture, and society, in everything they do. Is this just the search for the devil and its allies by religious people indoctrinated by Islam to divide the world into two strict parts--the world of Islamic belief and sovereignty (Dar al-Islam) vis-a-vis the world of the infidels against whom there must be waged a constant war (Dar al-Harb)? The answer lies in the emergence of what we might call the "culture of global jihad." Since the 1990s, anti-Americanism, like the doctrines of modern Islamic anti-Judaism and the doctrines of a global conspiracy against Islam and the Muslims, has been a means to mobilize the Muslim world within the culture of global Jihad. Such a culture is as much based on the enemy as it is on its own particular innovations. The public support for Islamist terrorist groups, so vital to their success, is the consequence of several social and psychological factors underlying the Islamic social-political renaissance: --Islamic and Islamist movements and groups have succeeded in the past three decades in planting in Arab and Muslim societies the notion of a global cultural war, in which they are confronting a global conspiracy against Islam as a religion, culture, and way of life. Thus, many in the Islamic world now view concepts synonymous in Western political culture with terrorism and political violence to be Islamic religious duties. Such concepts include Jihad, Takfir (refutation), Istishhad (Martyrdom, including by suicide), and Shahid (Martyr). The central notion, common to most of the Islamic movements and groups--those that carry out terrorism and political violence, and those that justify it and feed the atmosphere that promotes such activity--is that of being in a state of siege, which calls for self defense. To those who believe in this concept, the confrontation justifies the use of all means--particularly when these means are given religious legitimacy. --Many of the Islamist and Islamic movements and groups have succeeded in convincing many in the Muslim world that they represent the true contemporary interpretation of Islam. Moreover, most of these groups developed out of the perceived need to return to the earliest fundamental sources of Islam. Thus, they based their views on Islamic scholars like Ibn Hanbal and Ibn Taymiyyah of the Middle Ages, and Ibn Abd al-Wahhab of the 18th century, who were the leading fundamentalist religious scholars, as well as the most unyielding. --The success of the Islamist movements lies in the basic diversity of Islam. However it also owes a lot, on the one hand, to the lack of a single Islamic center that enjoys the confidence of the majority of the Muslim world, and, on the other, to the control the modern secular regimes in the Arab and Muslim World have over the religious establishments. Large parts of the public view those religious establishments as servants and puppets of the secular state ('Ulama' al-Salatin), whose interpretations and rulings buttress the interests of the state. Thus, Islamic and Islamist groups and individuals have become the spiritual guides of a large Islamic population, and maintain a great deal of power and influence. --Most of the Islamic movements and groups, primarily those that emerged during the 1970s and after, portray the Arab and Muslim regimes--and in some cases rightfully--as symbols of arbitrary oppression and distortion of the social justice that is rooted in orthodox Islam. Thus, they instill in and bring their followers to sympathize with and support those who present themselves as the protectors of the weaker elements of society. In many cases they manage to recruit the social, political, cultural and economic elements that are protesting against various Arab and Muslim regimes. These elements also see themselves as opposing the alleged global enemies and conspirators: The United States, Israel, the Jews, Western "Crusader" heretic culture, etc. --The Islamic socio-political revival, particularly since the 1960s, has been linked both to social changes in the Arab and Muslim World, and to the formation of an educated middle class in different countries. This middle class has in part distanced itself from Western secular modernization and the institutions of the modern state: the military, government administration, social and economic institutions controlled by the state, the public media, etc. Another part of this class--mainly members of respected professions such as physicians, lawyers, pharmacists, engineers, academic scholars, or merchants who have suffered from the state's tendency to nationalize the economy--have found in the Islam propounded by modern Islamists the solution to their problems. This process created a large and highly educated group of individuals, who viewed themselves as a social vanguard, and adopted Islamic and Islamist theories as the basis of their social struggle. --The next stage was characterized by massive activity within the existing Islamic groups, along with the formation of new Islamic radical groups, followed by the publication of new doctrines and ideologies that did not necessarily correspond with orthodox Islam. Many of these new doctrines won many adherents in the course of the ensuing violent struggle. --All these processes assisted the Islamist groups in gaining more power and public support, and enabled them in some cases to attract a certain segment of society who were protesting and struggling for increased human and civil rights. But, there is another very important element to note here. This is what we may call the "Islamic atmosphere" that is created by movements and groups that are not connected to political violence or terrorism, some of whom even publicly condemn it or express their reservations about the use of violence. Their importance concerning anti-Americanism lies in two linked elements: -- These groups and movements carry out the vast majority of political, social, cultural and educational Islamic work, both in the Muslim world and among Muslim communities in the West. Therefore, they serve as the most important elements in creating and preserving the "Islamic atmosphere" that is used by more extremist and violent Islamist groups. They are, in many cases, a sort of greenhouse for the emergence of violent groups as well as the preservation of worldviews where hostility towards the West or Western culture dominates. -- On the one hand, the social, political, cultural, economic, educational, and charity infrastructures of these movements are the main avenues of finance and support for Islamic projects that, as a by-product, are also used to finance violent and terrorist groups. On the other hand, they are most active in consolidating Muslim communities in the West, and therefore set the stage for massive fundraising, political support, and, in some cases, recruitment for militant Islamist groups, among their communities. --The Islamist "terrorist culture" can be sketched as a pyramid. The base is the large-scale activity of the Islamic moderate and non-violent groups, associations, institutes, and projects of all kinds. The top of the pyramid is the radical Islamists and pro-terrorist activity. The middle is the various processes that refine certain social elements into hatred, revenge, and the search for power and violence. This violence is in many cases indirectly supported and financed by innocent elements as a result of the culturally violent influences. These elements are consolidated through the creation of a common enemy -- the United States. Ayatollah Khomeini tried to use this anti-Americanism to export his Islamic revolution to the Sunni Muslim world, but failed. The scholars that stand behind Qa'idat al-Jihad are using anti-Americanism to create a culture of global Jihad, which they hope will spread all over the Arab and Muslim world to Muslim communities in the West -- and eventually the whole world -- thus opening new fronts in the war against the same enemy. United by hatred of the United States and the sense of a global conspiracy, this war is conceived as an asymmetric war of self-defense. In such a war, Jihad becomes terrorism justified as a religious duty. JUSTIFICATION OF TERRORISM The first Islamic ruling (Fatwah) to legitimize the September 11 attacks by Qa'idat al-Jihad, was issued by the Saudi Salafist Shaykh Hammoud al-'Uqla al-Shu'aybi: … Having said this, you should know that America is a kufr state that is totally against Islam and Muslims. In fact it has reached the peak of that arrogance in the form of open attacks on several Muslim nations as it did in Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Philistine, Libya and others, where it -- America -- allied with the forces of Kufr such as Britain, Russia and others in attacking and trying to exterminate them. Similarly, America expelled the Palestinians from their homes and housed the 'brothers of pigs and apes' in them; and stood firmly in support of the criminal Zionist state of the Jews, giving them all they need in the form of wealth, weapons and training. How then can America after all these things not be considered an enemy of the Muslim nations and at war with them? But, because they have reached the peak of tyranny and arrogance; because they have seen the collapse of the Soviet Union in the hands of the Muslims in Afghanistan, they thought that they are the Ultimate Power above which there is no power. Unfortunately, they forgot that Allah, the Exalted and Mighty, is stronger than them and can humble and destroy them. We pray to Allah that He helps His Religion and raises His Word and exalts Islam and the Muslims and the Mujahideen and to destroy America and its followers and those who assist them. Verily He has that power and is able to do so.(5) Al-Shu'aybi paved the way for the issuance of dozens of fatwas by many scholars, all of them Arabs, which gave Islamic legitimacy to every act of terrorism carried out by Islamists against the United States, Western targets, or Israeli and Jewish ones. Dozens of Islamist scholars legitimized not just acts of terrorism but the wish to destroy the United States. Since September 2001, the object of the war against the United States is not just to push the Americans out of the Middle East, but also to follow the Americans to their homeland in order to destroy it. The easy occupation of Iraq played a great part in this development. Another element was the shift in al-Qa'ida's policy to begin launching terrorist attacks against Westerners on Muslim soil as well, even at the cost of Muslims being killed as well. Anti-Americanism was no longer just an ideology to consolidate support for Islamist groups, but a justified Jihad as an integral part of religious personal duty. It became the war of the Army of God--Jund Allah--against the army of the Devil--Jund al-Shaytan. It was accompanied by apocalyptic visions, marked by the end of the United States.(6) The Saudi Shaykh Salman al-'Awdah, a leading figure in crafting Islamist doctrines of Global Jihad wrote in one of his articles entitled the "End of History": … I pray for Allah to witness with our own eyes his victory over the dominant infidel nations of the West. We wish him to show us and our descendents the collapse of these nations that controlled the Muslims, enslaved them, dominated their minds, ruled their media, and destroyed their economy. May Allah take revenge on them. The oppressors are the swords of Allah on earth. First Allah takes his revenge by them, and then against them. The same as Allah has used, in Islamist eyes, the United States in order to destroy the Soviet Union, so he will take revenge against the Americans by destroying them.(7) CONCLUSION The nature of Islamist anti-Americanism is cultural rather than military or political. It is based on the sense of an ongoing and eternal global conspiracy against Islam and the Muslims. The threat emerged in the Prophet's time, continued with the Crusaders, and through the Muslim defeats in the twentieth century, until salvation emerged in Afghanistan in the form of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of Qa'idat al-Jihad and similar groups. The United States is just another force in history that represents the devilish factors seeking to fight the true believers. Surrounded and supported by such doctrines, Islamist anti-Americanism is part of a broad religious worldview. Hence, it is not subject to compromise. In Islamist eyes, since this is a war of self-defense and an asymmetric one as well, hatred of the enemy is total. As a result of the religious nature of this worldview, Islamists are publishing dozens of fatwas, articles, and books, which rely on the Koran and the sacred Islamic sources to mobilize large parts of the Muslim world into adopting various degrees of anti-Americanism. In December 2001, one of these scholars, Muhammad Abu 'Arafah, wrote an article that became very popular. It is entitled "The Glorious Koran Foresees the Destruction of the United States and the Drowning of the American Army."(8) According to the author, the article is an analysis prepared shortly after the September 11 attacks. The "analysis" is based on the Koranic stories that were taken from the Bible about Pharaoh in the book of Exodus. According to Abu 'Arafah, the end of the United States is going to be in 2004, with the end of the rule of President George W. Bush, "Ramses the 2nd." Present day anti-Americanism makes such articles very popular among Islamist youngsters, whether they actually believe it or just read it as expressions of wishful thinking. Yet there is a strong wish for a very violent revenge. As the only superpower, the United States is perceived as the major target against which to channel this struggle for Muslim honor. Islamist anti-Americanism is also a kind of default act among a wide range of Muslims, and easily adoptable by broad circles. As long as there is a need for an enemy and for revenge, anti-Americanism will remain part of Islamist religious and cultural doctrines, and will go on fueling the Islamist Jihad, either its violence and terrorism, or its political element. A change away from this approach can only come from within the Muslim world, through social and cultural developments. NOTES 1. Salah Abd al-Fattah al-Khalidi, "Amrika min al-Dakhil bi-minzar Sayyid Qutb [Inside America in the Eyes of Sayyid Qutb]" (Jeddah: Dar al-Manarah, 1985). 2. Sayyid Qutb, Ma'alim fi al-Tariq (Milestones). For an English translation on-line, see: . 3. Abdallah 'Azzam, "Al-Qa'ida al-Sulbah (The Solid Base)", al-Jihad (Afghanistan), No. 41 (April 1988), pp. 46-49. 4. Dr. Tareq Hilmi, "Amrika alati nabghad (America That We Hate)," Al-Sha'b, October 17, 2003. See on-line at: . 5. Fatwa on events following September 11, October 2001, 6. For a typical example of such writings, see Khaled Abd al-Wahid, "Wa'd al-'Aakhirah: Nihayat Israeil wal-Wilayat al-Mutahhidah al-Amrikiyyah (The Ultimate Promise: the End of Israel and the United States)," 1st edition, July 20, 2001; 2nd edition, October 15, 2001. On-line at: 7. Shaykh Salman bin Fahd al-'Awdah, "Nihayat al-Ta'rikh (End of History)," January 2003, at: . 8. Muhammad Salah al-Din Abu 'Arafah, "Al-Qur'an al-'Azim yunabbi' bidamar al-Wilayat al-Mutahhidah wagharq al-Jaysh al-Amriki," December 2001, . -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Reuven Paz is a Senior Fellow at the Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center and director of its Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (PRISM). He is also the author of "Middle East Islamism in the European Arena" which appeared in the September 2002 issue of MERIA.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Back to Journal Volume 7 Number 4 Index [MERIA HOMEPAGE]

4 posted on 12/27/2003 3:38:15 PM PST by mlmr (Drivel, tedious, trivial drivel, I tell you...)
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To: mlmr
HTML formatting is your friend.
5 posted on 12/27/2003 3:41:01 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: quidnunc
Exactly. They need a reason to get up in the morning that doesn't involve hating the most powerful and generous country the world has ever seen. Sigh.
6 posted on 12/27/2003 3:50:30 PM PST by hershey
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To: quidnunc
I know. The stupid post screen would not take it. I tried and tried and posted instead of deleting,
I am sorry.
7 posted on 12/27/2003 3:50:47 PM PST by mlmr (Drivel, tedious, trivial drivel, I tell you...)
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To: quidnunc
I know many will find this article taxing, but it is seminal. A MUST READ AND SAVE!!!

While you read it, you will see that those on the left will find the hate of the US and the West very motivating.
Our left will side with them, in more ways than even they may care to admit. They will believe they can use and benefit from this hate (the FRENCH left??), but they will be consumed by it. We will alone, have to fight, and we as a people will be tested. Whether you are religious or not you are in a religious war (you secularists can call it a battle of ideologies). I PREFER GOOD VS EVIL.

The Crusades were a response to Islamic Conquest, not an attack on Islam. This Crusade has only begun.
8 posted on 12/27/2003 3:53:36 PM PST by TAP ONLINE (Not a hater, just smart enough to know when I saw evil..)
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To: quidnunc
The roots of Islamist anti-Americanism were deep long before the rise of the Jihadist movement in the 1990s, or the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979. They were developed by the anti-American atmosphere of secular Arab regimes . . .

They go back much further than that. Like all the way to the rise is islam in 666AD (not strictly true, but close enough). Muslims are first and foremost anti-American simply because of America's preeminence in world affairs. It's clear from islam's bloody history they'll never stop fighting us -- or anyone else who isn't paying them tribute. The religion has to be totally eradicated before there can be peace in the world.

9 posted on 12/27/2003 4:09:16 PM PST by LibWhacker
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To: quidnunc
just my opinion


10 posted on 12/27/2003 4:09:28 PM PST by Delta 21 ("GI" since 1980" (Trained killer in the service of the Constitution))
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To: TAP ONLINE
... I know many will find this article taxing, but it is seminal.

It is not that seminal, but it is informative.

You are on the right track, but it is not a religious war.

The danger from the beginning is how far are the socialists willing to support the Islamists in their war on capitalistic republics such as ours. That was the underlying pre-war debate leading up to our invasion of Iraq.

The Gramscians in Europe, the US and Latin America, treated the Islamist movement in the Middle East (and Africa) as a proxy war with the Anglo-American hegemony. Even though they suffered terror attacks as a result, they have strongly supported politically, diplomatically and financially the anti-Semetic and anti-Americanism this article refers to. This ditty little secret is now beginning to be told (Arab Intifada Is European Proxy War On America) and there are an increasing number of doubts on the left how this might play out. Many are starting to realize this is a lose-lose in the heightened conflict since there seems to be little daylight for a rise by communism/socialism in this winner-take-all struggle.

Bush won't let the socialists wedge-in and the Islamists have as much hatred for the kufr commies as they do for the capitalists.

11 posted on 12/27/2003 4:12:47 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: quidnunc
Sounds like pretty clear battle lines!
12 posted on 12/27/2003 4:16:08 PM PST by Quix (Particularly quite true conspiracies are rarely proven until it's too late to do anything about them)
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To: mlmr
Let me try.

...(continued)...

Twenty-five years after Sayyid Qutb's Milestones, one of his major followers, the Palestinian Dr. Abdallah 'Azzam, spiritual father of Qa'idat al-Jihad, wrote an article in Afghanistan that set the principles of the group that would become al-Qa'ida:

 

Every principle needs a vanguard (Tali'ah) to carry it forward and, while forcing its way into society, puts up with heavy tasks and enormous sacrifices. There is no ideology, neither earthly nor heavenly, that does not require such a vanguard that gives everything it possesses in order to achieve victory for this ideology. It carries the flag all along the sheer endless and difficult path until it reaches its destination in the reality of life, since Allah has destined that it should make it and manifest itself. This vanguard constitutes the solid base (al-Qa'ida al-Sulbah) for the expected society.

     As long as the ideology - even if it originates from the Lord of the Worlds--does not find this self-sacrificing vanguard that spends everything in its possession for the sake of making its ideology prevail, this ideology will be still-born, perishing before it sees light and life. The motto of those who carry this ideology forward must be:

'Call your partners (of Allah), and then plot against me, and give me no respite. My protector is Allah, who has revealed the Book. He will choose and support the righteous.' (Surat al-A'raf, 195-196)…

     Now America is trying to grab the fruits of this great Jihad and to rule without recourse to Allah's book. Accordingly, the solid base has to face international pressures and temptations from all over the world. But they refused to bow their heads before the storm. They decided to continue their march along a path of sweat and tears and blood.(3)

 

     Sayyid Qutb not only laid the basis for radical Islamist anti-Americanism, but was also one of the ideologues that most influenced the emergence of various trends of present-day Islamism and its sense of being attacked by a global, American led, conspiracy.

     Islamists tend to give a "scientific" cover to their analysis of global and historical developments. However, their analysis is rather unscientific since the model for the norms of true Islamic behavior is always Muhammad the Prophet and the first generation of Muslims (Al-Salaf al-Salih). Further, the way to relate to this model is through evidence derived from a series of citations from the sacred sources of Islam, and the historical developments of the Muslims.

     In some ways, Qutb's influence was similar. He wrote his impressions of American society and culture at a time when the United States was still a mystery for most Muslims, especially in the Arab Muslim world. The enemy then was Great Britain, either in the Arab world, India or Malaysia. In the 1950s, even the creation of Israel was still perceived as a British conspiracy.

     In the eyes of many Islamists, the change of developments in the Middle East and the growing direct involvement of the United States made Sayyid Qutb seem quite prescient. Therefore, his writings about American society and culture became a kind of sacred source to refer to in developing the blunt anti-Americanism of the 1990s. Sayyid Qutb introduced anti-Americanism to the Islamic world. His followers developed and merged this element into their interpretation of Islam, and made it a part of the religion and one's religious duties.

     An Egyptian Islamist, Dr. Tareq Hilmi, opened his October 2003 article entitled "America that We Hate," with the statement: "We worship Allah by hatred of America." Then he gave a summary of the reasons for this hatred, culled from numerous other articles and publications:

 

"This is the America that declared war against Islam and the Muslims under the title of world terrorism. This is the America that gives unlimited and unconditional support for the Zionist entity. This is the America that wants the Muslims to surrender and submit to the forces of occupation, otherwise they are considered terrorists. This is the America that is using weapons that are internationally prohibited to crush the Muslims of Iraq and Afghanistan, and is using its planes and missiles to attack the Muslims in Palestine. This is the America that protects the agent governments in the Islamic world, which act against the will of the Muslim peoples… The history of America is full of evilness against humanity…

"This is the America that occupies the world with the culture of sex and deviation. This is the pagan civilization in Christian disguise… This is the American civilization whose object is the body and its means is materialism. The spirit has no place in the system of American values. They are dressed with Christian clothes on hearts that know nothing but stealing, robbing, and occupying the possessions of others. Has America left one place in our lives as Muslims without corrupting it?" (4) 

 

THE CULTURE OF GLOBAL JIHAD

     These kinds of articles are primarily aimed at "The cursed, who are not fighting by Jihad… their brothers are killed and they remain asleep… their sacred laws are violated and they remain calm… they love miserable life and hate the honorable death."  These articles portray the United States as the "mother of all evils" in the world. They demonize American politics, culture, and society, in everything they do.  Is this just the search for the devil and its allies by religious people indoctrinated by Islam to divide the world into two strict parts--the world of Islamic belief and sovereignty (Dar al-Islam) vis-a-vis the world of the infidels against whom there must be waged a constant war (Dar al-Harb)?

     The answer lies in the emergence of what we might call the "culture of global
jihad." Since the 1990s, anti-Americanism, like the doctrines of modern Islamic anti-Judaism and the doctrines of a global conspiracy against Islam and the Muslims, has been a means to mobilize the Muslim world within the culture of global Jihad.  Such a culture is as much based on the enemy as it is on its own particular innovations.

     The public support for Islamist terrorist groups, so vital to their success, is the consequence of several social and psychological factors underlying the Islamic social-political renaissance:

     --Islamic and Islamist movements and groups have succeeded in the past three decades in planting in Arab and Muslim societies the notion of a global cultural war, in which they are confronting a global conspiracy against Islam as a religion, culture, and way of life. Thus, many in the Islamic world now view concepts synonymous in Western political culture with terrorism and political violence to be Islamic religious duties. Such concepts include Jihad, Takfir (refutation), Istishhad (Martyrdom, including by suicide), and Shahid (Martyr). The central notion, common to most of the Islamic movements and groups--those that carry out terrorism and political violence, and those that justify it and feed the atmosphere that promotes such activity--is that of being in a state of siege, which calls for self defense. To those who believe in this concept, the confrontation justifies the use of all means--particularly when these means are given religious legitimacy.

     --Many of the Islamist and Islamic movements and groups have succeeded in convincing many in the Muslim world that they represent the true contemporary interpretation of Islam. Moreover, most of these groups developed out of the perceived need to return to the earliest fundamental sources of Islam. Thus, they based their views on Islamic scholars like Ibn Hanbal and Ibn Taymiyyah of the Middle Ages, and Ibn Abd al-Wahhab of the 18th century, who were the leading fundamentalist religious scholars, as well as the most unyielding.

     --The success of the Islamist movements lies in the basic diversity of Islam. However it also owes a lot, on the one hand, to the lack of a single Islamic center that enjoys the confidence of the majority of the Muslim world, and, on the other, to the control the modern secular regimes in the Arab and Muslim World have over the religious establishments. Large parts of the public view those religious establishments as servants and puppets of the secular state ('Ulama' al-Salatin), whose interpretations and rulings buttress the interests of the state. Thus, Islamic and Islamist groups and individuals have become the spiritual guides of a large Islamic population, and maintain a great deal of power and influence.

     --Most of the Islamic movements and groups, primarily those that emerged during the 1970s and after, portray the Arab and Muslim regimes--and in some cases rightfully--as symbols of arbitrary oppression and distortion of the social justice that is rooted in orthodox Islam. Thus, they instill in and bring their followers to sympathize with and support those who present themselves as the protectors of the weaker elements of society. In many cases they manage to recruit the social, political, cultural and economic elements that are protesting against various Arab and Muslim regimes. These elements also see themselves as opposing the alleged global enemies and conspirators: The United States, Israel, the Jews, Western "Crusader" heretic culture, etc.

     --The Islamic socio-political revival, particularly since the 1960s, has been linked both to social changes in the Arab and Muslim World, and to the formation of an educated middle class in different countries. This middle class has in part distanced itself from Western secular modernization and the institutions of the modern state: the military, government administration, social and economic institutions controlled by the state, the public media, etc. Another part of this class--mainly members of respected professions such as physicians, lawyers, pharmacists, engineers, academic scholars, or merchants who have suffered from the state's tendency to nationalize the economy--have found in the Islam propounded by modern Islamists the solution to their problems. This process created a large and highly educated group of individuals, who viewed themselves as a social vanguard, and adopted Islamic and Islamist theories as the basis of their social struggle.

     --The next stage was characterized by massive activity within the existing Islamic groups, along with the formation of new Islamic radical groups, followed by the publication of new doctrines and ideologies that did not necessarily correspond with orthodox Islam. Many of these new doctrines won many adherents in the course of the ensuing violent struggle.

     --All these processes assisted the Islamist groups in gaining more power and public support, and enabled them in some cases to attract a certain segment of society who were protesting and struggling for increased human and civil rights. But, there is another very important element to note here. This is what we may call the "Islamic atmosphere" that is created by movements and groups that are not connected to political violence or terrorism, some of whom even publicly condemn it or express their reservations about the use of violence. Their importance concerning anti-Americanism lies in two linked elements:

     -- These groups and movements carry out the vast majority of political, social, cultural and educational Islamic work, both in the Muslim world and among Muslim communities in the West. Therefore, they serve as the most important elements in creating and preserving the "Islamic atmosphere" that is used by more extremist and violent Islamist groups. They are, in many cases, a sort of greenhouse for the emergence of violent groups as well as the preservation of worldviews where hostility towards the West or Western culture dominates.

     -- On the one hand, the social, political, cultural, economic, educational, and charity infrastructures of these movements are the main avenues of finance and support for Islamic projects that, as a by-product, are also used to finance violent and terrorist groups. On the other hand, they are most active in consolidating Muslim communities in the West, and therefore set the stage for massive fundraising, political support, and, in some cases, recruitment for militant Islamist groups, among their communities.

     --The Islamist "terrorist culture" can be sketched as a pyramid. The base is the large-scale activity of the Islamic moderate and non-violent groups, associations, institutes, and projects of all kinds. The top of the pyramid is the radical Islamists and pro-terrorist activity. The middle is the various processes that refine certain social elements into hatred, revenge, and the search for power and violence. This violence is in many cases indirectly supported and financed by innocent elements as a result of the culturally violent influences.

     These elements are consolidated through the creation of a common enemy -- the United States. Ayatollah Khomeini tried to use this anti-Americanism to export his Islamic revolution to the Sunni Muslim world, but failed. The scholars that stand behind Qa'idat al-Jihad are using anti-Americanism to create a culture of global Jihad, which they hope will spread all over the Arab and Muslim world to Muslim communities in the West -- and eventually the whole world -- thus opening new fronts in the war against the same enemy.  United by hatred of the United States and the sense of a global conspiracy, this war is conceived as an asymmetric war of self-defense. In such a war, Jihad becomes terrorism justified as a religious duty.

 

JUSTIFICATION OF TERRORISM

     The first Islamic ruling (Fatwah) to legitimize the September 11 attacks by Qa'idat al-Jihad, was issued by the Saudi Salafist Shaykh Hammoud  al-'Uqla al-Shu'aybi:

 

… Having said this, you should know that America is a kufr state that is totally against Islam and Muslims. In fact it has reached the peak of that arrogance in the form of open attacks on several Muslim nations as it did in Sudan, Iraq, Afghanistan, Philistine, Libya and others, where it -- America -- allied with the forces of Kufr such as Britain, Russia and others in attacking and trying to exterminate them. Similarly, America expelled the Palestinians from their homes and housed the 'brothers of pigs and apes' in them; and stood firmly in support of the criminal Zionist state of the Jews, giving them all they need in the form of wealth, weapons and training.

     How then can America after all these things not be considered an enemy of the Muslim nations and at war with them?

     But, because they have reached the peak of tyranny and arrogance; because they have seen the collapse of the Soviet Union in the hands of the Muslims in Afghanistan, they thought that they are the Ultimate Power above which there is no power. Unfortunately, they forgot that Allah, the Exalted and Mighty, is stronger than them and can humble and destroy them.

     We pray to Allah that He helps His Religion and raises His Word and exalts Islam and the Muslims and the Mujahideen and to destroy America and its followers and those who assist them. Verily He has that power and is able to do so.(5)

 

     Al-Shu'aybi paved the way for the issuance of dozens of fatwas by many scholars, all of them Arabs, which gave Islamic legitimacy to every act of terrorism carried out by Islamists against the United States, Western targets, or Israeli and Jewish ones. Dozens of Islamist scholars legitimized not just acts of terrorism but the wish to destroy the United States. Since September 2001, the object of the war against the United States is not just to push the Americans out of the Middle East, but also to follow the Americans to their homeland in order to destroy it. The easy occupation of Iraq played a great part in this development. Another element was the shift in al-Qa'ida's policy to begin launching terrorist attacks against Westerners on Muslim soil as well, even at the cost of Muslims being killed as well.

     Anti-Americanism was no longer just an ideology to consolidate support for Islamist groups, but a justified Jihad as an integral part of religious personal duty. It became the war of the Army of God--Jund Allah--against the army of the Devil--Jund al-Shaytan. It was accompanied by apocalyptic visions, marked by the end of the United States.(6)

     The Saudi Shaykh Salman al-'Awdah, a leading figure in crafting Islamist doctrines of Global Jihad wrote in one of his articles entitled the "End of History":

 

… I pray for Allah to witness with our own eyes his victory over the dominant infidel nations of the West. We wish him to show us and our descendents the collapse of these nations that controlled the Muslims, enslaved them, dominated their minds, ruled their media, and destroyed their economy. May Allah take revenge on them. The oppressors are the swords of Allah on earth. First Allah takes his revenge by them, and then against them.

     The same as Allah has used, in Islamist eyes, the United States in order to destroy the Soviet Union, so he will take revenge against the Americans by destroying them.(7)

 

CONCLUSION

     The nature of Islamist anti-Americanism is cultural rather than military or political. It is based on the sense of an ongoing and eternal global conspiracy against Islam and the Muslims. The threat emerged in the Prophet's time, continued with the Crusaders, and through the Muslim defeats in the twentieth century, until salvation emerged in Afghanistan in the form of the collapse of the Soviet Union and the emergence of Qa'idat al-Jihad and similar groups. The United States is just another force in history that represents the devilish factors seeking to fight the true believers.

     Surrounded and supported by such doctrines, Islamist anti-Americanism is part of a broad religious worldview. Hence, it is not subject to compromise. In Islamist eyes, since this is a war of self-defense and an asymmetric one as well, hatred of the enemy is total. As a result of the religious nature of this worldview, Islamists are publishing dozens of fatwas, articles, and books, which rely on the Koran and the sacred Islamic sources to mobilize large parts of the Muslim world into adopting various degrees of anti-Americanism.

     In December 2001, one of these scholars, Muhammad Abu 'Arafah, wrote an article that became very popular. It is entitled "The Glorious Koran Foresees the Destruction of the United States and the Drowning of the American Army."(8) According to the author, the article is an analysis prepared shortly after the September 11 attacks. The "analysis" is based on the Koranic stories that were taken from the Bible about Pharaoh in the book of Exodus. According to Abu 'Arafah, the end of the United States is going to be in 2004, with the end of the rule of President George W. Bush, "Ramses the 2nd."

     Present day anti-Americanism makes such articles very popular among Islamist youngsters, whether they actually believe it or just read it as expressions of wishful thinking. Yet there is a strong wish for a very violent revenge. As the only superpower, the United States is perceived as the major target against which to channel this struggle for Muslim honor. Islamist anti-Americanism is also a kind of default act among a wide range of Muslims, and easily adoptable by broad circles.

     As long as there is a need for an enemy and for revenge, anti-Americanism will remain part of Islamist religious and cultural doctrines, and will go on fueling the Islamist Jihad, either its violence and terrorism, or its political element. A change away from this approach can only come from within the Muslim world, through social and cultural developments.

13 posted on 12/27/2003 4:33:51 PM PST by Gritty
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NOTES1. Salah Abd al-Fattah al-Khalidi, "Amrika min al-Dakhil bi-minzar Sayyid Qutb [Inside America in the Eyes of Sayyid Qutb]" (Jeddah: Dar al-Manarah, 1985).

2. Sayyid Qutb, Ma'alim fi al-Tariq (Milestones). For an English translation on-line, see: <http://www.masmn.org/Books/Syed_Qutb/Milestones/001.htm> .

3. Abdallah 'Azzam, "Al-Qa'ida al-Sulbah (The Solid Base)", al-Jihad (Afghanistan), No. 41 (April 1988), pp. 46-49.

4. Dr. Tareq Hilmi, "Amrika alati nabghad (America That We Hate)," Al-Sha'b, October 17, 2003. See on-line at: <http://alarabnews.com/alshaab/GIF/17-10-2003/tareq.htm> .

5. Fatwa on events following September 11, October 2001, <http://centralparkattack.chez.tiscali.fr/islam.html>

 6. For a typical example of such writings, see Khaled Abd al-Wahid, "Wa'd al-'Aakhirah: Nihayat Israeil wal-Wilayat al-Mutahhidah al-Amrikiyyah (The Ultimate Promise: the End of Israel and the United States)," 1st edition, July 20, 2001; 2nd edition, October 15, 2001. On-line at: <http://www.geocities.com/kalwid/index>

7. Shaykh Salman bin Fahd al-'Awdah, "Nihayat al-Ta'rikh (End of History)," January 2003, at: <http://www.islamtoday.net> . 8. Muhammad Salah al-Din Abu 'Arafah, "Al-Qur'an al-'Azim yunabbi' bidamar al-Wilayat al-Mutahhidah wagharq al-Jaysh al-Amriki," December 2001, <http://www.homepagez.com/quran/article_1.html> .

 


Reuven Paz is a Senior Fellow at the Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center and director of its Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (PRISM).  He is also the author of "Middle East Islamism in the European Arena" which appeared in the September 2002 issue of MERIA.

14 posted on 12/27/2003 4:34:47 PM PST by Gritty
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To: optimistically_conservative
I think your assessment is correct. What the Left doesn't realize is what would happen to them once we were eradicated (if we ever were.) White Champagne Socialists would rise to the Public Enemy #1 slot and be dealt with quite brutally.

It's my only consolation... the thought of smug West End Manhattanites and little Berkeley b*tches in burkahs.

15 posted on 12/27/2003 4:44:03 PM PST by wizardoz ("Let's roll!" ........................................................ "We got him!")
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To: All
LINKS OF INTEREST
http://www.truthusa.com/LinksOfInterest.html

SEPTEMBER 11, 2001: ATTACK ON AMERICA
http://www.truthusa.com/911.html
16 posted on 12/27/2003 4:44:33 PM PST by Cindy
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To: optimistically_conservative
optimistically_conservativewrote: You are on the right track, but it is not a religious war.

If it's not a religious war, just what would you call it?

There is no question that a sizable portion of the Muslim world considers it to be a religious war.

17 posted on 12/27/2003 4:49:52 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: Thud
You will want to read this.
18 posted on 12/27/2003 4:53:04 PM PST by Dark Wing
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To: FormerLib
We'll have Ronly Bonly Osama stop by and let you know it is all the Serbs' fault.>>

Defamation is the sincerest form of FreeperSerbocrazy flattery.

BTW, I'm perfectly happy seeing the fundamentalist Islamics (i.e., those Islamists who are actually fundamentalist and actually carrying out armed attacks against the United States) totally defeated. But executing captured Muslims because they're the same religion as a few terrorists... well, you guys are best known for that sort of behavior.
19 posted on 12/27/2003 4:53:54 PM PST by Ronly Bonly Jones
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To: Thud
ping
20 posted on 12/27/2003 4:58:06 PM PST by Dark Wing
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To: Gritty
Thank you. Talent beats out beauty any day!!
21 posted on 12/27/2003 5:30:18 PM PST by mlmr (Drivel, tedious, trivial drivel, I tell you...)
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To: SJackson
Ping.
22 posted on 12/27/2003 5:30:31 PM PST by FreedomPoster (this space intentionally blank)
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To: quidnunc
Sayyid Qutb wrote many articles and letters from the United States. Many of them were collected in a book published in Saudi Arabia in 1985.(1) Many references to his views on the United States are found in his writings, including his monumental interpretation of the Koran, "In the Shadow of the Koran" (Fi Zalal al-Koran). >>

The central event in Sayyid Qutb's life was the fact that some Jewish gal tried to seduce him on the ship over from Egypt.

The difference between his experience and Frank McCourt's("Angela's Ashes") is very instructive. If Qutb had, like McCourt, simply gotten some that night, he could have, like McCourt written an autobiography about how wonderful America was instead of getting a bullet in the brain from Nasser.
23 posted on 12/27/2003 5:31:05 PM PST by Ronly Bonly Jones
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To: quidnunc
If it's not a religious war, just what would you call it?

Culture war. And not limited to a struggle between Muslims and Jews (plus "the West") but between neo-caliphates and everyone they consider kufr, including Muslims.

Al-Qa'ida's goal is to "unite all Muslims and to establish a government which follows the rule of the Caliphs." Bin Laden has stated that the only way to establish the Caliphate is by force. Al-Qa'ida's goal, therefore, is to overthrow nearly all Muslim governments, which are viewed as corrupt, to drive Western influence from those countries, and eventually to abolish state boundaries.

There is no question that a sizable portion of the Muslim world considers it to be a religious war.

I always get a chuckle at how misinformed a sizable portion of the Muslim world is about many things. Most of which comes from their clerics - giving many non-religious (in fact anti-Islamic) teachings a religious color.

24 posted on 12/27/2003 5:31:54 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: optimistically_conservative
optimistically_conservativewrote: (If it's not a religious war, just what would you call it?) Culture war. And not limited to a struggle between Muslims and Jews (plus "the West") but between neo-caliphates and everyone they consider kufr, including Muslims.

In the Muslim world culture is inseparable from Islam.

Devout Muslims consider the Koran to be a comprehensive instruction book on the business of living one's life.

Except for religion the non-Muslims living in the Middle East share most of the cultural traits as the Muslims, but they are not at war with the West.

No, this is a religious war.

25 posted on 12/27/2003 5:42:55 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: Gritty
the end of the United States is going to be in 2004, with the end of the rule of President George W. Bush, "Ramses the 2nd."

Boy, are they in for a surprise!
26 posted on 12/27/2003 5:43:37 PM PST by tet68
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To: tet68
the end of the United States is going to be in 2004, with the end of the rule of President George W. Bush, "Ramses the 2nd."

At one time or another, I was enamoured with the theory Muslims were stuck in the Middle Ages. No more. They are looking at today as the return of the Last Pharaoh and their own salvation through Moses bin Laden.

But they have their characters all mixed up. George W. Bush more accurately resembles Joshua, and for this they should tremble, just like the Canaanites which they resemble and of whom they are descendents!

27 posted on 12/27/2003 5:55:39 PM PST by Gritty
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To: wizardoz
... the thought of smug West End Manhattanites and little Berkeley b*tches in burkahs.

For some reason, this comes to mind:


28 posted on 12/27/2003 6:03:55 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: quidnunc
Except for religion the non-Muslims living in the Middle East share most of the cultural traits as the Muslims, but they are not at war with the West.

I believe that would be considered an irrelevant conclusion. For example, except for religion, the Muslims everywhere share most of the cultural traits as the non-Muslims in their society, but they are not at war with the West either.

We are not at war with most Muslims, either in the Middle East or outside of it. We couldn't win that war anyway.

In the Muslim world culture is inseparable from Islam.

And yet, there are a number of predominantly Muslim cultures, and many interpretations of Islamic theology. We are at war with the neo-caliphates and their cultural ambitions.

29 posted on 12/27/2003 6:19:15 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: optimistically_conservative
Heh heh heh....
30 posted on 12/27/2003 6:34:39 PM PST by wizardoz ("Let's roll!" ........................................................ "We got him!")
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To: optimistically_conservative
optimistically_conservativewrote: (Except for religion the non-Muslims living in the Middle East share most of the cultural traits as the Muslims, but they are not at war with the West.) I believe that would be considered an irrelevant conclusion.

Nonsense!

If, as you say, this is a cultural war then the culture we presumably at war with is the Middle-Eastern culture.

But if we are at war with the Muslim part of the Middle-Eastern culture but not the non-Muslims then it is ipso facto a religious war.

The fact that we are not at war with each and every Muslim makes no difference, the salient fact is that everybody who is waging war against us is Muslim and they are waging thast war for religious reasons.

To make the cheese more binding, many Pakistani Muslims — who are not part of the middle-Eastern culture — are also at war with us.

In the name of islam.

That makes it a religious war.

31 posted on 12/27/2003 6:35:45 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: quidnunc
Can't win if your dead!
32 posted on 12/27/2003 6:37:02 PM PST by Hotdog
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To: quidnunc
Go here for quotes of violence from the Quran - http://www.a-zbiblicalconcepts.org/quran.htm
33 posted on 12/27/2003 6:54:15 PM PST by Biblical Concepts
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To: quidnunc
I hope all you foolish Freepers understand this is propaganda, in an attempt to bring the US into the Thousand Year War between Jews and Muslims. Reading it, I am reminded of the comment that when people say Israel is our only friend in the Middle East, until the creation of Israel we had no enemies in the Middle East.
34 posted on 12/27/2003 7:07:57 PM PST by Trickyguy
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To: optimistically_conservative
The parts of this National Post editorial which I have highlighted amply demonsrate that this is a religious war:

Say It: Muslim Terrorist

According to the Canadian Islamic Congress, the newspaper you are reading is "stirring up hatred against an identifiable group of Canadians." As proof, the group has prepared an analysis of what it says is anti-Muslim sentiment in the print media. The results were released yesterday. Out of nine newspapers analyzed, the National Post was judged worst.

The CIC's report caused us concern. Like all mainstream media outlets, we make a good-faith effort to report news objectively. The CIC's claim that we have not only failed in this regard, but also engaged in an ongoing propaganda war against a particular religion, is very serious.

Our concern evaporated, however, when we actually read the CIC's report. (We urge our readers to do likewise. It has been posted at www.canadianislamiccongress.com.) The study purports to be an objective, statistical analysis of the incidence of "anti-Islam terminology." What counts as "anti-Islam terminology"? Apparently, the term "Muslim terrorist" does. Under the CIC's rules, it counts for 80 hate points. So do "Muslim militants" (70 points), "Muslim extremists" (60 points) and "Muslim fundamentalists" (50 points).

The CIC's campaign is not a battle against hate. It is a battle against truth. Pop quiz: What do al-Qaeda, Hamas, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, Pakistan's Harakat ul-Mujahidin and Egypt's al-Jihad have in common? Not just that they are made up of people who happen to worship Allah, but that they fight with the explicit aim of destroying secular governments and instating Muslim theocracies. "Muslim terrorist" is therefore an entirely apt term. The religion of such terrorists is not incidental to their terrorist acts as is the case with, say, Timothy McVeigh or Spain's Basques. Islam is their raison d'être, their inspiration, their call to battle, their means of recruitment and, in the second before they explode themselves, their great comfort.

That fact is reflected in the names the groups pick for themselves. How, we'd like to know, would the CIC have us refer to the Palestinian terrorist group Islamic Jihad? When the group triumphantly claims responsibility for blowing up a disco or a school bus, should we be careful to report the claimant group as "Is***ic Jihad" so as not to promote "stereotypes"? For that matter, how many hate points do we get for using the word "Hamas"? Presumably that group's name is off-limits, too, because it is an Arabic acronym for "Islamic Resistance Movement."

Finally, we should point out that if there is anyone who needs to be lectured about hysteria and hyperbole, it is the CIC. Last month, a CIC representative told a Commons committee that the treatment of Muslims in the days since Sept. 11 is comparable to that of Japanese Americans during the Second World War. He also claimed that "hundreds" of Arabs and Muslims have been arrested and detained, refused normal toilet facilities and left naked in cells. Proof? None.

Like the vast majority of Canadians, the members of the National Post editorial staff bear no ill will toward Islam or the many Canadians who peaceably practise it. We will not, however, be cowed into self-censorship by those who see truthful reporting as an act of hate. If the CIC is concerned with anti-Islamic sentiment, it should turn its attention to its source — the monsters who blaspheme Allah by attacking civilians in His name. Blaming the messenger will get the CIC nowhere.

(The National Post editorial, December 7, 2001)
http://www.nationalpost.com/commentary/story.html?f=/stories/20011207/812263.html


35 posted on 12/27/2003 7:26:37 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: quidnunc
Bump
36 posted on 12/27/2003 7:35:27 PM PST by The Mayor (You don't need to know where you're going if you let God do the leading)
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To: quidnunc
bttt
37 posted on 12/27/2003 7:50:06 PM PST by lainde (Heads up...We're coming and we've got tongue blades!!)
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To: quidnunc
Barring the actions of 9/11/01 the Muslims would be far ahead of the game. All they had to do was keep creeping along one city, one nation at a time and in a 100 years or so they would have had the world in the bag.

However some of the more dimwitted got itchy trigger fingers. They figured that Americans were like the twittering cream puffs of Europe. They had some reason to believe this given Fat Willy's track record. But lo and behold America had a different leader and US troops are the best in world, as long as you leave them alone and let them get on with the job.

Islam has made its final enemy!
38 posted on 12/27/2003 8:05:18 PM PST by vladog
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To: quidnunc
BTTT!
39 posted on 12/27/2003 8:09:17 PM PST by Eastbound
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To: Trickyguy
Well the thousand year war just got a new player on 09/11/01. We'll see what we can do to end this war, by seeking out this evil where ever it breeds.

The best propaganda I've seen lately is by CAIR.
40 posted on 12/27/2003 8:09:36 PM PST by vladog
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To: quidnunc
But if we are at war with the Muslim part of the Middle-Eastern culture but not the non-Muslims then it is ipso facto a religious war.

You mean like the secular and socialist Ba'athists?

The fact that we are not at war with each and every Muslim makes no difference, the salient fact is that everybody who is waging war against us is Muslim and they are waging thast war for religious reasons.

No, they are not waging a war for religious reasons, they are using religion to serve their ambitions. Religion is a rallying cry, but it is a neo-caliphate ambition that is driving the attacks on Muslims and non-Muslims both.

These tactics are not much different than what the NAZIs used to gain national support for their attacks leading to WWII. It was cultural identity that drove the purity and fatherland war cries.

It's been said that WWII was a war against facism. Albeit a popular phrase, the NAZIs were socialists and the Japanese were imperialists. I see these broadbrush claims of a religious war by Muslims much the same. It's easier to fit on a bumper sticker.

To make the cheese more binding, many Pakistani Muslims — who are not part of the middle-Eastern culture — are also at war with us.

I don't remember making the claim that we were at war with middle-Eastern cultured Muslims. We are at war with neo-caliphates. They are spread throughout the world. They are American, European, Indonesian, African and are densely populated in middle, middle-Eastern, central and south Asia. They share a common cultural ambition which is a rebirth of a global caliphate run from the holy lands. It is an Islamic caliphate and the fact that Muhammad ran every aspect of society certainly underlies the blurring of social functions in many of his followers minds, but the neo-caliphates are not pursuing a religious war as much as they are pursuing one of cultural identity.

41 posted on 12/27/2003 8:58:05 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: quidnunc
The fact that we are not at war with each and every Muslim makes no difference, the salient fact is that everybody who is waging war against us is Muslim and they are waging thast war for religious reasons.

What's the matter with those Muslims? Don't they realize that sodomy, abortion, fornication, and pornography are basic expressions of our constitutional rights? Do they really think they can impose their tradtition-bound religious values on us?

42 posted on 12/27/2003 9:07:06 PM PST by findingtruth
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To: optimistically_conservative
Sigh…

The caliph was/is regarded as a successor of Muhammad and that makes the Jihad to recusitate the caliphate a religious endeavor.

Don't forget, in Islam the division of the civil from the religious is regarded as an artificial construct.

And the 'cultural identity' which the 'neo-caliphates' seek to establish is a world-wide fundamentalist Islamic theocracy.

Their stated aim is to force the world — all of to — to submit to their vision of Islam, and that makes it a religious war.

43 posted on 12/27/2003 9:12:43 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: quidnunc
The parts of this National Post editorial which I have highlighted amply demonsrate that this is a religious war:

OK, let's make the analogy between Zionists and neo-caliphates, shall we?

I happen to be a supporter of the state of Isreal, so I guess I'm a Zionist. I suppose then that I must also be Jewish (which I'm not).

But let's take that paragraph you've prominently highlighted and put it in Zionist terms:

The religion of such [Zionists] is not incidental to their [violent] acts as is the case with, say, Timothy McVeigh or Spain's Basques. [Judaism] is their raison d'être, their inspiration, their call to battle, their means of recruitment and, in the second before they [commit] themselves, their great comfort.
I suppose there are some Muslims who would find that statement quite accurate. I think that Zionism is more of a cultural and statist cause than religious. I also find that the neo-caliphates' cause is more cultural and statist.

But hey, maybe this is a crusade of all the Judeo-Christian religions against all Muslims. I could be wrong.

44 posted on 12/27/2003 9:21:03 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: optimistically_conservative
Oh for the love of Pete, stop trying to bury the original point of contention in a morass of sophistry.

Let's return to basics.

A significant percentage of the Muslim world is waging a jihad against those whom they consider to be unbelievers with the ultimate goal being to subjugate the world to Wahabist Islam.

Jihad is defined as 'A Muslim holy war or spiritual struggle against infidels.'

That makes the jihadists' decades-long rampage of killing a religious war.

45 posted on 12/27/2003 9:32:21 PM PST by quidnunc (Omnis Gaul delenda est)
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To: quidnunc
Jihad is defined as 'A Muslim holy war or spiritual struggle against infidels.'

Here's an excerpt on how Pipes defines modern jihad:

As this suggests, jihad is "holy war." Or, more precisely: It means the legal, compulsory, communal effort to expand the territories ruled by Muslims at the expense of territories ruled by non-Muslims.

The purpose of jihad, in other words, is not directly to spread the Islamic faith but to extend sovereign Muslim power (faith, of course, often follows the flag). Jihad is thus unabashedly offensive in nature, with the eventual goal of achieving Muslim dominion over the entire globe.

Jihad did have two variant meanings through the centuries, one more radical, one less so. The first holds that Muslims who interpret their faith differently are infidels and therefore legitimate targets of jihad. (This is why Algerians, Egyptians and Afghans have found themselves, like Americans and Israelis, so often the victims of jihadist aggression.) The second meaning, associated with mystics, rejects the legal definition of jihad as armed conflict and tells Muslims to withdraw from the worldly concerns to achieve spiritual depth.

Jihad in the sense of territorial expansion has always been a central aspect of Muslim life. That's how Muslims came to rule much of the Arabian Peninsula by the time of the Prophet Muhammad's death in 632. It's how, a century later, Muslims had conquered a region from Afghanistan to Spain. Subsequently, jihad spurred and justified Muslim conquests of such territories as India, Sudan, Anatolia, and the Balkans.

That makes the jihadists' decades-long rampage of killing a religious war.

OK, fine. We're at war with the jihadists and their Religion of Violence.

Oh for the love of Pete, stop trying to bury the original point of contention in a morass of sophistry.

I'll try, and please, no more personal information about Pete - OK?

46 posted on 12/27/2003 9:49:15 PM PST by optimistically_conservative (Nothing is as expensive as a free government service or subsidized benefit.)
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To: quidnunc
Jihadist Islam, by its actions, will make itself extinct.
47 posted on 12/27/2003 10:43:13 PM PST by sheik yerbouty
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To: quidnunc
one problem; not all the Muslims are at war with us. There are some from each branch of Islam, but not everyone even from any one branch. And there are nearly as many branches of Islam as there are of Christianity.

Making it merely a religious war is oversimplistic. It is a cultural war, and the cultures at war are the extremes, not the center.
48 posted on 12/28/2003 9:42:14 AM PST by Old Student (WRM, MSgt, USAF (Ret.))
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To: sheik yerbouty
Precisely. Then there will be room for the non-jihadists to make their accomodations with us, and us with them.
49 posted on 12/28/2003 9:43:44 AM PST by Old Student (WRM, MSgt, USAF (Ret.))
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To: quidnunc
Calling this a religious war is a mistake, since it concedes the point that Islam is a religion. In fact, it is no more than a crime syndicate skilled at manipulating political institutions. Were it not for the cloak of religion, Muslims in this country would either be in jail or deported. Islam's demonstrated intolerance for any real religion (or any belief system based on individual rights), combined with the stated goal of overthrowing Constitutional government and replacing it with Sharia law disqualifies it from Constitutional protection. We do not allow head hunters or cannibals to practice their "religions" in America; why do we tolerate Islam?
50 posted on 12/28/2003 9:45:59 AM PST by Ragnar54
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