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Combating a little-known enemy (Iraqi sand fly)
Marine Link ^ | May 7, 2004 | Lance Cpl. J.L. Bush

Posted on 05/10/2004 9:46:24 AM PDT by Ragtime Cowgirl



Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael E. Quaranta, a corpsman with I Marine Expiditionary Force Group Aid Station, a Vallejo, Calif. native, sprays cammies with permethrin at Camp Fallujah on April 27, 2004. Uniforms are being sprayed to prevent sand fly bites, which spread leishmaniasis, a parasitic infection causing long term boils on the skin. Photo by: Lance Cpl. J.C. Guibord
Combating a little-known enemy
Submitted by: I Marine Expeditionary Force
Story Identification Number: 200457112350
Story by Lance Cpl. J.L. Bush



CAMP FALLUJAH, Iraq(May 07, 2004) -- Marines and sailors here are getting ready to combat a little-known and potentially dangerous enemy indigenous to this region.

The bite of an Iraqi sand fly can debilitate a Marine, sailor or a whole unit, but with proper protection the parasitic infection it causes, leishmaniasis, can be prevented, according to Petty Officer 1st Class David A. Carroll, the preventive medicine chief with I Marine Expeditionary Force.

I Marine Expeditionary Force Headquarters Group’s preventive medicine department has been spraying uniforms, buildings and certain open areas around the base with pesticides like permethrin, Scurg and Dmand.

Even though they are commonly-used pesticides, certain precautionary measures are taken to limit the exposure to personnel-- such as limiting spraying from 2 a.m. and 4 a.m., according to Carroll.

“There are three types of prevention: DEET for skin, having uniforms sprayed and proper education,” said Chief Petty Officer Joseph Campbell, a Denham Springs, La., native, and a corpsman with Naval Mobile Construction Battalion 74, as he was having his uniforms sprayed with permethrin.

The proper prevention of leishmaniasis is vital since there is no cure, and it is common for the disease to take three to six months before symptoms appear.

Leishmaniasis manifests in two ways, the most common being cutaneous, or skin related, and visceral or internal. The latter can be deadly.

“Visceral leishmaniasis is extremely rare, but left untreated it can be potentially fatal,” said Lt. Cmdr. John Benjamin, a Baltimore, Md., native, and I MEF Group Aid Station medical officer. “The symptoms are reoccurring fever, unexplained weight loss and general flu-like symptoms that won’t go away. The cutaneous form is characterized by a sore or lesion that will not heal and won’t respond to antibiotics or normal treatment.”

Not every sand fly carries the infection but enough do to make it a common disease in this region.

“Here in Iraq, leishmaniasis is treated as a childhood disease because almost every child gets it,” said Carroll.

The sand fly bites are common during the summer months -- making April through November the prime time for cases, said Carroll.

Most uniforms were sprayed before leaving Camp Pendleton to aid in the prevention of sand fly bites and more have been treated in Iraq.

“We have sprayed close to 2,000 uniforms for the Marines, Army and Seabees since we have been in theater,” said Benjamin.

Additional treatment is required for areas not covered by the uniform.

“The hands and face are the only areas susceptible to infection when treated uniforms are properly worn,” said Carroll. “To protect uncovered areas DEET (lotion) should be used, but only if the product has a 30 percent concentration, which most store-bought products do not.”

If properly treated, some sores may go away, but if left unattended the sore will remain for a long time and it will cause permanent scarring.

“Nothing will protect 100 percent but if you spray,

“Use DEET and wear your uniform properly, then the likelihood of being infected is almost zero,” said Chief Petty Officer Chris W. Thorne, the I MEF medical plans chief and a Phoenix native.

-30-

Photos included with story:
Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael E. Quaranta, a corpsman with I Marine Expiditionary Force Group Aid Station, a Vallejo, Calif. native, sprays cammies with permethrin at Camp Fallujah on April 27, 2004. Uniforms are being sprayed to prevent sand fly bites, which spread leishmaniasis, a parasitic infection causing long term boils on the skin. Photo by: Lance Cpl. J.C. Guibord Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael E. Quaranta, a corpsman with I Marine Expiditionary Force Group Aid Station, a Vallejo, Calif. native, sprays cammies with permethrin at Camp Fallujah on April 27, 2004. Uniforms are being sprayed to prevent sand fly bites, which spread leishmaniasis, a parasitic infection causing long term boils on the skin. Photo by: Lance Cpl. J.C. Guibord




TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: gnfi; iraq; leishmaniasis; supportourtroops

1 posted on 05/10/2004 9:46:24 AM PDT by Ragtime Cowgirl
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To: MJY1288; xzins; Calpernia; TEXOKIE; Alamo-Girl; windchime; Grampa Dave; anniegetyourgun; ...
CAMP FALLUJAH, Iraq  -- Marines and sailors here are getting ready to combat a little-known and potentially dangerous enemy indigenous to this region.

The bite of an Iraqi sand fly can debilitate a Marine, sailor or a whole unit, but with proper protection the parasitic infection it causes, leishmaniasis, can be prevented...
 
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 ANYWHERE, ANYTIME. 
        ~  ~

2 posted on 05/10/2004 9:47:45 AM PDT by Ragtime Cowgirl
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To: Ragtime Cowgirl
Bug Bump!
3 posted on 05/10/2004 9:58:22 AM PDT by SAMWolf (Time is just nature's way to keep everything from happening at once.)
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To: Ragtime Cowgirl
We know a gentleman, whose son is Seal Team Member (Marine Sniper).

He has been in all type of hot situations.

He ended up in Bethesda Naval Hospital during the Clintoon years after he was bitten in the eye lid by one of these fleas.

It took him 6 months to recover. The really bad news was that the Hildebea$t made him one of her guards the last 3 months of his recovery. She visited him in the hospital and found out that he was a world class swordsman. She had him become one of her personal guards with a sword not a gun. Also, since he was white, he could carry her bags and not get her blamed for being an elitist racist. So during the last few months of his recovery, he served as her guard with his sword.

When he was fully recovered, he was honored in a ceremony for bravery under severe conditions for the last few months of hazardous duty. His dad has a picture of his son getting a bear hug from a great Corp commander at that time and getting a cigar for his hazardous duty.

Summary: These sand fleas are a bad deal.
4 posted on 05/10/2004 10:13:05 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (FReep eye for the liberal lie or what left wing lies of the media will we expose today?)
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To: Grampa Dave
And I thought the skoshi chingoes were bad.
5 posted on 05/10/2004 10:34:33 AM PDT by Cannoneer No. 4 (I've lost turret power; I have my nods and my .50. Hooah. I will stay until relieved. White 2 out.)
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To: Cannoneer No. 4
We knew a few families who had relatives bitten by this damn flea in Desert Storm.

It took basically a year before the "bitten" one recovered.
6 posted on 05/10/2004 11:08:53 AM PDT by Grampa Dave (FReep eye for the liberal lie or what left wing lies of the media will we expose today?)
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To: Ragtime Cowgirl
The proper prevention of leishmaniasis is vital since there is no cure, and it is common for the disease to take three to six months before symptoms appear.

And Most people think its just a skeeter bite!

CAUTION GRAPHIC DISPLAYS OF SANDFLY BITES !


7 posted on 05/10/2004 3:46:35 PM PDT by ATOMIC_PUNK (If the price of Freedom be blood "So be it " I shall give all i have that our Children be FREE !!!)
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To: Ragtime Cowgirl
Bump!
8 posted on 05/10/2004 11:28:02 PM PDT by windchime (Podesta about Bush: "He's got four years to try to undo all the stuff we've done." (TIME-1/22/01))
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To: Ragtime Cowgirl
Thanks for posting this. Sent it to my niece who is over there now.
9 posted on 05/10/2004 11:37:59 PM PDT by bjcintennessee (Don't Sweat the Small Stuff)
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