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Viking Burial Site Found in England
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS via NY Times ^ | September 7, 2004 | THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Posted on 09/07/2004 7:53:26 AM PDT by 68skylark

LONDON (AP) -- Archaeologists in northwestern England have found a burial site of six Viking men and women, complete with swords, spears, jewelry, fire-making materials and riding equipment, officials said Monday.

The site, discovered near Cumwhitton, is believed to date to the early 10th century, and archaeologists working there called it the first Viking burial ground found in Britain.

The only other known Viking cemetery was found in Ingleby east of Cumwhitton. It was excavated in the 1940s, but the bodies had been cremated and not buried.

Local metal specialist Peter Adams made the find at the end of March and reported it to the Portable Antiquities Scheme, which is run by the Museums, Libraries and Archive Council.

``This is tremendous news, a unique discovery which will improve people's understanding of the area and its history,'' council chairman Mark Wood said.

The Vikings, inhabitants of Scandinavia from 800 to 1100, traded with, and raided, much of Europe, often settling there. They invaded and conquered England in 1013.

The burial ground was unearthed when Adams found two copper brooches. The grave of a Viking woman was found underneath, and further excavation led to the discovery of the graves of another woman and four men.

Among the items found in the graves were weapons, spurs, a bridle and a drinking horn, as well as a jet bracelet and a copper alloy belt fitting.

Adams described it as ``the find of a lifetime.''

Rachel Newman, of Oxford Archaeology North, said: ``We could not have expected more from the excavation of the site.

``We knew the brooches found by Mr. Adams came from a burial of a Viking Age woman, which was exciting and of great importance in itself. But we did not expect to find five other graves complete with such a splendid array of artifacts. It truly has been an amazing few months excavating this extremely important Viking Age site.''

Arts Minister Estelle Morris said: ``We should all be grateful to Mr. Adams, who recorded his find so promptly. As a result, the experts have been able to learn more about this fascinating site and uncover the secrets of a time capsule more than 1,000 years old.''

Some of the items found were to be shown Tuesday at the Tullie House Museum and Art Gallery in the nearby city of Carlisle.


TOPICS: Culture/Society; Foreign Affairs; United Kingdom
KEYWORDS: ancientautopsies; archaeology; britain; canute; cumwhitton; danelaw; england; ggg; godsgravesglyphs; history; knut; svein; thevikings; viking; vikings
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I love this kind of history.

[Vikings] invaded and conquered England in 1013.

I'm not familiar with what happened in 1013 -- does anyone have a little backgroung information to share?

1 posted on 09/07/2004 7:53:27 AM PDT by 68skylark
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To: 68skylark

I'll have Spam, eggs, sausage and Spam.


2 posted on 09/07/2004 7:56:19 AM PDT by TomB ("The terrorist wraps himself in the world's grievances to cloak his true motives." - S. Rushdie)
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To: 68skylark

I don't know about that but I do believe that a photo of John Kerry was found in the tomb with the caption, "100 gold coins for return of lost POODLE shown above..."


3 posted on 09/07/2004 7:57:16 AM PDT by gunnygail (Pooping that hot spicy Thai food this morning was SEARED, SEARED into my brain, I tell you.)
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To: 68skylark

I thought that stuff about Viking funerals burning boats was Hollywood-History....Would have been too expensive and time consuming except for a king.....


4 posted on 09/07/2004 7:57:56 AM PDT by Red Badger (Kerry can't run on his record, so George Bush is going to.....)
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To: SunkenCiv

GGG ping...


5 posted on 09/07/2004 7:57:59 AM PDT by Constitution Day (Burger-Eating War Monkey)
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To: 68skylark

"The Fury of the Northmen," by John Marsden, a very good treatment of the whole Scandinavian Migration period, does not even list 1013 as a significant date. Nor did the Vikings "conquer England" at any point, since there was no "England" to conquer, only a group of warring kingdoms of various ethnic backgrounds.


6 posted on 09/07/2004 7:58:16 AM PDT by Tax-chick (The Notorious North Carolina Niceness Nazi ... Beware the Molasses Miasma!)
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To: 68skylark

Go VIKINGS!!!


7 posted on 09/07/2004 7:59:09 AM PDT by greatvikingone
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To: 68skylark

From the BBC:
Invaders
Swein and Cnut 1013

Image from the Danelaw period In 1013, King Swein of Denmark (with his son Cnut) sailed up the rivers Humber and Trent to be accepted as king in the Danelaw. By Christmas, all England submitted to Swein, and King Ethelred had fled to Normandy. In 1014, Cnut became the leader of the Danes on his father's death. Ethelred returned to England, but was so ill that his son Edmund Ironside had to assume responsibility for defence of the country against Cnut.

At a truce after Ethelred's death, Edmund and Cnut agreed to divide the kingdom between them, but Edmund died shortly after, and Cnut became king of the whole country (marrying Ethelred's widow). The brief reigns of his two successors were undistinguished, and in 1042, Ethelred's son, Edward, was invited to return from Normandy as king, despite other claimants to the throne existing.

****
They're still using "England" in an anachronistic usage, to some extent ... Ethelraed's kingdom wasn't exactly a united polity, as was demonstrated in the runup to 1066.


8 posted on 09/07/2004 8:01:47 AM PDT by Tax-chick (The Notorious North Carolina Niceness Nazi ... Beware the Molasses Miasma!)
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To: greatvikingone

Valhalla!!!!!!!!

Immigrant Song (Led Zepplin):

Ah, ah,
We come from the land of the ice and snow,
>from the midnight sun where the hot springs blow.
The hammer of the gods
Will drive our ships to new lands,
To fight the horde, singing and crying:
Valhalla, I am coming!
On we sweep with threshing oar,
Our only goal will be the western shore.
Ah, ah,
We come from the land of the ice and snow,
>from the midnight sun where the hot springs blow.
How soft your fields so green,
Can whisper tales of gore,
Of how we calmed the tides of war.
We are your overlords.
On we sweep with threshing oar,
Our only goal will be the western shore.
So now you’d better stop and rebuild all your ruins,
For peace and trust can win the day
Despite of all your losing.


9 posted on 09/07/2004 8:01:49 AM PDT by amadeus
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To: 68skylark

> I'm not familiar with what happened in 1013 -- does
> anyone have a little backgroung information to share?

Prince Johnathon Feeble Kerryton (later shortened to
Kerry) deposed the sitting king in a castle intrigue,
and crowned himself King John the 1/3.

The Vikings, sizing up mettle of this man, invaded
immediately.


10 posted on 09/07/2004 8:02:24 AM PDT by Boundless
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To: amadeus

Where are the kitties?


11 posted on 09/07/2004 8:03:09 AM PDT by JennysCool (Funny how militant environmentalists always ruin the lawn)
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To: Tax-chick

Thanks, saved me a lot of typing.


12 posted on 09/07/2004 8:03:55 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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To: 68skylark
Check out this
13 posted on 09/07/2004 8:05:22 AM PDT by MrsEmmaPeel
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To: blam; FairOpinion; Ernest_at_the_Beach; SunkenCiv; 24Karet; 2Jedismom; 4ConservativeJustices; ...
Thanks 68skylark.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on, off, or alter the "Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list --
Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
The GGG Digest
-- Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

14 posted on 09/07/2004 8:06:54 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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To: greatvikingone

Real Vikings: Fran Tarkenton, Bob Brown, John Gilliam, Karl Kusulke, Roy Winston, Bobby Bryant, Alan Page, John Marshall, Carl Eller, ...


15 posted on 09/07/2004 8:07:12 AM PDT by meandog ("Do unto others before they do unto you!")
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To: JennysCool; meowmeow; Constitution Day; 4mycountry; Poohbah; Grampa Dave; an amused spectator; ...
WE ARE COMING!!!


16 posted on 09/07/2004 8:07:15 AM PDT by Zavien Doombringer (I am not late for Zots, I have stealth Zot capability.....)
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To: 68skylark

I thought this a Super Bowl thread....


17 posted on 09/07/2004 8:08:02 AM PDT by dakine
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To: 68skylark
oops, sorry, forgot to paste your name into the previous reply box.
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

18 posted on 09/07/2004 8:08:34 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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To: 68skylark

I didn't even know the Vikings played in England. Gosh...yah learn something new every day.


19 posted on 09/07/2004 8:09:31 AM PDT by MineralMan (godless atheist)
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To: Constitution Day
Thanks for the ping.
George W. Bush will be reelected by a margin of at least ten per cent

20 posted on 09/07/2004 8:09:52 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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To: TomB
Vikings (singing) Spam, spam, spam, spam, spam ... spam, spam, spam, spam ... lovely spam, wonderful spam ...
Waitress Shut up. Shut up! Shut up! You can't have egg, bacon, spam and sausage without the spam.
21 posted on 09/07/2004 8:10:26 AM PDT by xJones
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To: 68skylark
I'm not familiar with what happened in 1013 -- does anyone have a little backgroung information to share?

Just off the top of my head, I believe any "conquest" of "England" by the Norse took place over several centuries, culminating in Danish rule over the greater part of what is now England in the early 11th century. By the time of the Norman conquest, Anglo-Saxon rule had been re-established, although the Danes were still contesting for the kingdom right up until the very eve of the Conquest.

22 posted on 09/07/2004 8:11:26 AM PDT by Mr Ramsbotham ("This house is sho' gone crazy!")
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To: Tax-chick
King Swein of Denmark (with his son Cnut) sailed up the rivers Humber and Trent to be accepted as king in the Danelaw.

Thanks for the background. From what you describe, none of these rules claimed to be on a secret mission to sail up rivers they never entered, or claimed to take friendly fire from drunken revelers during some pagan festival. Such things were never seared into their memories. That was back when candidates had some class.

23 posted on 09/07/2004 8:15:36 AM PDT by 68skylark
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To: SunkenCiv

Welcome :-).


24 posted on 09/07/2004 8:16:04 AM PDT by Tax-chick (The Notorious North Carolina Niceness Nazi ... Beware the Molasses Miasma!)
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To: 68skylark

LOL - just ordinary invaders, taking what they could get without apology. Scandinavia was overpopulated, odd as that seems nowadays.


25 posted on 09/07/2004 8:17:06 AM PDT by Tax-chick (The Notorious North Carolina Niceness Nazi ... Beware the Molasses Miasma!)
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To: 68skylark

You know how they knew they were Vikings? None of them had Super Bowl rings.


26 posted on 09/07/2004 8:21:07 AM PDT by ekyjim
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To: 68skylark
The interesting thing about Svein Forkbeard... he built the invasion force (it wasn't as casual and la-dee-dah as just sailing up a couple of rivers) over a period of twenty years, with barracks, drills, the fleet, etc. Then he up and died. The Vikings were a scourge, but they weren't just a bunch of berserkers. :')

In 1066, at Stamford Bridge, Harold II (the King of England, successor to Edward the Confessor) rode up to parley with Tostig and the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada (one of the various spellings), who is probably high on the list of anyone's Quintessential Vikings. As he rode off, Harald asked who that was. "Harold of England". The Viking was impressed, not least because all he'd been offered was "six feet of English ground, or whatever additional is required for his height" (part of Harald's fame was his great size) by some guy on a horse.

The battle that ensued ended the lives of Tostig and Hardrada, and ended the period of large scale invasion by Viking armies -- with the exception of William the Conqueror (Usurper), whose ancestry was Scandinavian (Norman / Norseman / Northmen), and who would lead the forces which killed Harold II and ended the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms less that three weeks later.

27 posted on 09/07/2004 8:22:13 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Unlike some people, I have a profile. Okay, maybe it's a little large...)
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To: Tax-chick

"They're still using "England" in an anachronistic usage, to some extent ... Ethelraed's kingdom wasn't exactly a united polity, as was demonstrated in the runup to 1066."

In fact, arguably, the 9th-century viking immigration/invasion of what became the danelaw, and the subsequent expulsion of danelaw rule from those areas by alfred and his descendents, in fact contributed greatly to earlier consolidation of the nominal rule of the major kingdoms that would have otherwise been the case.


28 posted on 09/07/2004 8:22:51 AM PDT by WoofDog123
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To: Tax-chick
...just ordinary invaders, taking what they could get without apology.

Ah, the good old days. Things were so much simpler then.

29 posted on 09/07/2004 8:22:58 AM PDT by 68skylark
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To: meandog

And, the greatest long-snapper in the history of the game, Mike Morris, # 68...


30 posted on 09/07/2004 8:23:36 AM PDT by Eric in the Ozarks
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To: 68skylark

Yeah, death is always simple ...


31 posted on 09/07/2004 8:29:59 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Antibiotics, anesthesia, air conditioning ... requirements for civilized life.)
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To: 68skylark

well actually the Vikings invaded a lot earlier -- they started around the 8th century and set up Danelaw in northern England right up to London. They were also based in Ireland around what is now Dublin. By the 10th century the British Isles were part of King CAnute's Empire which covered most of Scandanavia as well as other parts of north western europe.


32 posted on 09/07/2004 8:30:48 AM PDT by Cronos (W2K4)
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To: WoofDog123

Excellent point.


33 posted on 09/07/2004 8:31:18 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Antibiotics, anesthesia, air conditioning ... requirements for civilized life.)
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To: 68skylark

Did they find John Kerry's service records?


34 posted on 09/07/2004 8:31:32 AM PDT by KeyLargo
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To: 68skylark
Viking Burial Site Found in England

It was an extremely large mound with Nodic inscription on it which translated to "Metrodome."

35 posted on 09/07/2004 8:32:21 AM PDT by N. Theknow (Kerry Kool-Aid: Changes flavors with every sip.)
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To: N. Theknow
Argh!

Nodic = Nordic.

Or maybe not.

36 posted on 09/07/2004 8:34:03 AM PDT by N. Theknow (Kerry Kool-Aid: Changes flavors with every sip.)
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To: Darkchylde

Ping


37 posted on 09/07/2004 8:35:07 AM PDT by DJ MacWoW (Save a Democrat! Vote Republican!)
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To: Tax-chick
Nor did the Vikings "conquer England" at any point, since there was no "England" to conquer, only a group of warring kingdoms of various ethnic backgrounds.

England is merely the land of the Angles (though, naturally I prefer Pope Gregory's pun), history generally considers King Egbert to be the first 'King of All England' following his defeat of Beornwulf of Mercia in 825, he was proclaimed Bretwalda (ruler of Britain) in 829. He was the grandfather of King Alfred the Great, who did bring a large element of unity to the country.

Obviously England was not as united then as it is now, but we were certainly way down the line in the creation of a single state. Remember that the Greece of antiquity was a set of warring city-states.
38 posted on 09/07/2004 8:35:51 AM PDT by tjwmason (Cum catapultae proscriptae erunt tum soli proscript catapultas habebunt.)
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To: TomB

Spam, Eggs, Spam and Spam.

(sausage indeed!)


39 posted on 09/07/2004 8:37:30 AM PDT by norton
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To: Tax-chick

Hey Tax-chick, it was good to see you and the Tax-chickadees at Matthews this weekend...spreading conservative Christian homeschool entropy in your wake. :)

Look at Scandinavia a thousand years after the heyday of the Vikings. Now they're the quintessential modern European socialist weenie countries...crushing taxation, cradle-to-grave welfare socialism, liberal sexual mores causing the breakdown of the family, and lax immigration policies that are leading them toward their own little Muslim intifadas. Where's the heirs to the Vikings when you really need them?

}:-)4


40 posted on 09/07/2004 8:42:26 AM PDT by Moose4 (I'm a compassionate conservative. I feel lots of pity for liberals.)
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To: N. Theknow

LOL!!!


41 posted on 09/07/2004 8:42:56 AM PDT by greatvikingone
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To: Tax-chick
since there was no "England"

Actually there was an England, Egbert took the throne of Wessex in 802 and subsequently conquered some of the other seven kingdoms called the land he ruled over "England".

42 posted on 09/07/2004 8:43:33 AM PDT by FourPeas
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To: norton

We cannot have this thread without the kittens. Where are the kittens?


43 posted on 09/07/2004 8:44:11 AM PDT by GOP_Proud (Those who preach tolerance seem to have the least for my views.)
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To: 68skylark

I find Viking history fascinating. Thanks!


44 posted on 09/07/2004 8:46:14 AM PDT by FourPeas
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To: 68skylark
"The burial ground was unearthed when Adams found two copper brooches. The grave of a Viking woman was found underneath, and further excavation led to the discovery of the graves of another woman and four men."

"Among the items found in the graves were weapons, spurs, a bridle and a drinking horn, as well as a jet bracelet and a copper alloy belt fitting."

An as yet unidentified and empty container resembling a 'kitty box' (sic) was also found. It's use has yet to be determined but it is believed to have contained the remains of the viking's household 'pets', heretofore unknown to the western world but lovingly continued in Norse folklore.

Generations have come to know and love the "Viking Kitties".

Modern minds have, for many years, pooh-poohed the existence of such creatures ...

Magnificent though they may be.

45 posted on 09/07/2004 8:48:13 AM PDT by knarf (A place where anyone can learn anything ... especially that which promotes clear thinking.)
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To: Zavien Doombringer

Cool.


46 posted on 09/07/2004 8:58:04 AM PDT by Darksheare (Conquerors of the nice T-shirt!)
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To: tjwmason; FourPeas

You're both right ... I was off :-). I was meaning something like "England as we know it today," but certainly didn't make myself clear.


47 posted on 09/07/2004 8:59:05 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Antibiotics, anesthesia, air conditioning ... requirements for civilized life.)
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To: Moose4

Great to see you and Foxfire7 again, too! I love my new bracelet :-) Too bad it rained on you Sunday, though.

You have to wonder what Sweyn Forkbeard or Olaf Tryggveson would think of modern Scandinavia, particularly the Moslem invasion ... The Byzantines hired Vikings to fight the Moslems, back when Swedes had gumption!


48 posted on 09/07/2004 9:03:53 AM PDT by Tax-chick (Antibiotics, anesthesia, air conditioning ... requirements for civilized life.)
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To: Zavien Doombringer; 68skylark; 4mycountry; TheBigB; VRWCmember; jriemer; mhking; glock rocks; ...
NOT a Troll or ZOT, but an interesting piece of VK history here!! :^D


Please let me know if you want ON or OFF my Viking Kitty/ZOT ping list!. . .don't be shy.


49 posted on 09/07/2004 9:03:59 AM PDT by MeekOneGOP (There is only one GOOD 'RAT: one that has been voted OUT of POWER !! Straight ticket GOP!)
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To: 68skylark

No barrow-wights? I am disappointed.


50 posted on 09/07/2004 9:05:24 AM PDT by ikka
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