Skip to comments."Credentials in Question - Identity issues?" - Ward Churchill's 'heritage' doubted
Posted on 02/10/2005 10:10:22 AM PST by DaveLoneRanger
Controversial University of Colorado Professor Ward Churchill, who compared victims of the 9/11 attacks to Nazis says he's "not backing up an inch," insisting, "I owe no one an apology." Speaking at his university last night, Churchill said he not only had the right, but "indeed the obligation" to make the comparison.
Meanwhile, questions are mounting about who Churchill actually is. He's built a career in part on his claimed Native American heritage, but a genealogical study by the Rocky Mountain News has found no Native American ancestors in his family.
And a fellow researcher has looked into questions about Churchill's claim -- in a book and other works -- that a deadly smallpox outbreak among Native Americans in the 19th Century was started by the U.S. Army. According to Lamar University Assistant professor Thomas Brown, none of the sources Churchill cites said anything of the kind.
(Excerpt) Read more at foxnews.com ...
The only way for the "genetic test" to precisely show that he is "a descendant of Creeks through his father and of Cherokees through his mother," would be if they analyzed his Y-chromosome (passed essentially unchanged from father to son) and his mitochondrical DNA (passed essentially unchanged from mother to children).
For him to have "Cherokee" mtDNA, his mother's mother's mother, etc., must have been Cherokee. For him to have a "Creek" Y-chromosome, his father's father's father, etc., must have Creek.
I am not aware of any mtDNA analysis that can specify from which tribe a person is descended with any precision, though there are four mtDNA haplotypes (helpfully named A, B, C, and D) that are recognized as Native American (plus a fourth haplotype, X, that appears in a very few Native populations).
There is likewise no Y-chromosome test that can distinuish between tribes. Even if there were, the one paternal ancestor that Churchill has specified as having Native ancestry was named Joshua Tyner. But Ward Churchill is presumably the son of a Churchill, who was the son of a Churchill and on back. Unless there was an adoption or name change in his family, Tyner would not be a direct paternal ancestor, and therefore could not have passed on a Y-chromosome to Churchill. In any case, it appears that Tyner was not Native either.
See also generally: http://www.allthingscherokee.com/atc_sub_gene_feat_050102.html
I know for a fact that Walker, Texas Ranger, was part Indian because I saw him have flashbacks on TV!!
All us Baby Boomers learned about smallpox when we were kids.
We ALL had to get vaccinated before we started school.
It was a BIG DEAL to show-off our little scars to each other!
Most kids had it done on their upper left arm, just below the shoulder.
When it was "fresh", you gently peeled back the Band-Aid so the other kids could see how big or small the scab was.
Of course, some kids had it done on the side of their upper thighs near their rump. They usually didn't like to show off their scars as much, but you could see 'em whenever they went swimming.
Anyway, whenever the cowboys/indians/settlers came down with smallpox, we all KNEW it was really serious!!!
My former mother-in-law had smallpox as a child. It almost killed her and it did kill just about the rest of her family.
It's amazing how many horrific diseases were truly brought under control not that long ago. Polio is another one that used to be quite common.
Thanks, very much, for the wonderfully detailed explanation.
I remembered it after your post. It was in black and white. I saw it at a drive-in in 1953. Remember drive-ins?
Bad Eagle was on O'Reilly tonight. Churchill is an Honorory Indian. He was given his card in '91. Bill Clinton also got one. I forget which tribe gave out the cards. Apparently caused a fuss with other tribes so they revoked the cards.