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The enemy within : Our image of terrorists is not accurate
Ottowa Sun ^ | Jeremy Loome

Posted on 09/17/2005 1:24:33 PM PDT by Lorianne

In the years since 9/11, almost every major terrorist act involving extremist Islam has been committed by a person raised in the West. While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality.

As a country with open-door refugee and social safety net policies, Canada is an ideal breeding ground for extremism, say researchers.

“It is a ‘born-again’ process,” says French researcher Olivier Roy. The author of Globalized Islam: The Search for A New Ummah, Roy spent years researching the mujahidin in Afghanistan. “They make a comeback to Islam but not to the traditional Islam of their country of origin or of their parents.

“Many of them marry western girls and go to western schools. And when they convert to Islam, it’s not to traditional Islam but to a kind of neo-Salafism.”

Salafism is an ancient term meaning to follow the way of the Salaf, or religious messenger — the Prophet Muhammad. It has been co-opted over, the last century to represent a blend of orthodoxies, and is sometimes called Wahabism although some Salafists consider it a derogatory term and prefer to think of themselves as unitarian.

Its followers support the views of political theorists such as the Indian philosopher Sayyid Maududi and the Egyptian philosophers Hasan Al-Bana and Sayyid Qutb, who believed western culture had so corrupted Islam and its political leadership that a world-wide Islamic homeland is required. Its largest exponent is a social movement called the Muslim Brotherhood, founded in Egypt in 1928. They also proposed it can be accomplished through aggressive measures.

“Salafism is not necessarily politically radical,” says Roy. “Every Salafi is not a terrorist, but all of the terrorists are born-again Muslim Salafists. The problem with the (Salafist Islamic leadership) is that they condemn the terrorists actions but can’t condemn the religious ideas behind them, because they agree with them.’’

The term “jihad” means “struggle.” Whether it is an armed struggle or not often depends on the individual. Some clerics believe it can be aggressive, some believe the Qur’an dictates that it can only be in defence of a homeland. And some believe that homeland is the entire world.

But the effect is that orthodox imams and sheikhs across the West preach a message terrorists want to hear: Islam should be the only law, the West is corrupt and Muslims have a moral responsibility to jihad. One moderate American Muslim leader has suggested as many as 80% of the mosques in North America are run by Salafists spreading that message. It is popular with a disaffected, angry audience surrounded by people living better lives. They’re disconnected from traditional Muslim life, have even less of a role in their new society, and seek glory.

“Young guys, rebels without a cause who are looking for something bigger than themselves, will be fascinated by the message and try to emulate it in how they behave,” says Roy.

The new generation of terrorists is being created in our own backyards, through a combination of social factors familiar to anyone who has studied the roots of violence: social disconnection, cultural disillusionment and the need to improve their social standing.

In Canada, the pattern seems intact: • The As-Sunnah An-Nabawyah and Masjid as-Salam Mosques in Montreal preached a Salafi message to members of the GIA, an Algerian terrorist outfit that included Ahmed Ressam and supporters as a Canadian terrorist ‘cell’. • The Salaheddin Islamic Centre in Scarborough, Ont. was spiritual home to the Khadr family and at least two Canadians missing while fighting the U.S. in Iraq. • In Wetaskiwin, Alta., the local mosque was used as a front by Kassem Daher, an al-Qaida affiliate with the terrorist organization Ansar al-Islam. • In British Columbia, a sheikh at the Dar al-Madinah Islamic Society mosque has been criticized for preaching in favour of violent jihad, and one of the mosque’s members has gone missing while fighting with rebels in Chechnya.

Using mosques to spread violent ideology – or even just as a gathering place for extremists – has become so common attendees across Canada complain of being harassed by CSIS intelligence officers.

There have further been ties between various university student associations and Salafist mosques and suggestions that the next generation of young muslims are being co-opted into a violent Salafist message even their own parents don’t always agree with.

“Most of the parents, they don’t notice that their children are becoming radicals,” says Roy, who notes that attempted shoe-bomber Richard Reid was a good example of how even children raised outside Muslim homes can be co-opted.

“The London bombing story is interesting. The mother of one of the suicide bombers called the police because she assumed her son was a victim. When she realized and was told he was a bomber, she was devastated.”

Closer to home, Mahboob Khawaja may be going through similar turmoil, although given his years of writing about the evils of western culture and its destruction of Islam, the public might be forgiven for doubting his sincerity. The professor, a Pakistan national who teaches in Saudi Arabia, insists his son Mohammed could never have taken part as authorities claim in a plan to blow up parts of London, England.

Eight British nationals face trial on the charges there this fall, while Khawaja, a former computer programmer for the federal government who was recently denied bail, remains the only person charged so far under Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Act for aiding a terrorist plot.

“Who else would know my son better than myself?” says Khawaja. “He’s brought up well and I do not even think for a second that he could do something like this.”

Heard it before

Canadians have heard that before. Until he was killed in a firefight on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, the family of Ahmed Said Khadr insisted he was just an aid worker. Once he became a “shahid”, a martyr to Islam, the tune changed.

Ahmed Khadr taught his children those values. For 30 years, Khawaja has followed a similar political perspective as many Salafists.

He says he does not support violence. “Whatever happened in London, no civilized society can accept this way of life.”

Is he sincere? In his writings, Khawaja makes no attempt to hide his disgust for western values and the expediency of relationships between Islamic leaders, Israeli leaders and the U.S. He’s said as much in a series of books as well.

Some of his contentions: • “America will impose its dictates to utilize (Pakistani Gen. Pervez) Musharaf and his collaborators to eradicate Islamic values and influence from this region. Osama bin Laden and the Taliban are readily available myths and stunts which are being used by the western world, and America in particular, to check and stop the popular Islamic evolution for a future state.” • “India and America believe that ‘Islam Breeds Terrorism’ and freedom fighters in Kashmir, the Middle East and elsewhere are seen as terrorists.” • “The nation will mourn the loss of time and opportunities for change only after General Musharaf is either replaced, killed or exiled.” • “American Zionists planned the war against Iraq, made the Arab leadership fearful more of Commander Bush than All-Powerful God. Educated Arabs begged their leaders to speak out, challenging the western nuance of “Islamic Terrorism” and its linkage to the occupied Arab heartland, Iraq.”

Those are familiar extremist views. But familiarity can breed contempt, and many muslims believe that if they complain about America, they are automatically labelled.

Religion is in charge

To Khawaja, there is no conflict between supporting a theocratic government and free elections — he supports democratic reform in another article and rails against the use of military power to run a country. You can, he proposes, have your faith and voting, too. It’s just that ultimately, it’s religion that is in charge.

“I do not believe that terrorists represent Muslims or Islam when they commit these acts, and none of them claim to be representing Islam,” says Khawaja.

Sheikh Muhammad Iqbal Nadvi says Khawaja’s perspective is common. A former professor of Sharia law at King Faud University in Saudi Arabia, where Salafism is the state religion, Nadvi is imam of a mosque in Oakville, Ont.

“I can explain in my own way that these are two different things we are talking about,’’ he says. “One is that some Muslim countries are actively doing resistance against people in their own lands. This is one issue.

But to expand this resistance outside those lands is a different thing.

This kind of action, this feeling, does not exist properly within jihad.

“If I see what the majority of intellectuals think about this issue, they feel the efforts are now going into creating divisions between the Christian and Muslim worlds and there are many factors contributing to that division.”

The rich irony, notes Internet terror expert Evan Kohlmann, is that the people who flock to support jihad as an offensive tactic are looking for easy answers, as were Germans who flocked to support national socialism during the 1920s and 1930s — even though Maududi and Qutb both preached against nationalism, fascism, feminism and capitalism.

But both advocated all-or-nothing dogma, attracting the kind of supporters who’ll kill innocent civilians just to make a point, like any good Nazi might’ve done.

Social disconnection also helps to explain why small terrorist cells began appearing in Europe 40 years ago, but are only just now becoming known in North America.

Social dimension

“The patterns of immigration are different,” says Roy. “In Europe, we have an overlap between immigration and social exclusion. In America, immigrants are part of a bigger picture and are not lower class and underclass. So there is a social dimension in the radicalization.”

That social dimension is rearing its head in Canada due to two factors: public divisions between Muslims and the rest of society and, far more importantly, the disparity between the standard of living of long-time residents and recent refugees who, unlike legal immigrants, have plenty of trouble finding work and putting violent pasts behind them.


TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Foreign Affairs
KEYWORDS: canada; jihad; radicalislam; terrorism; wahabbism

1 posted on 09/17/2005 1:24:35 PM PDT by Lorianne
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To: Lorianne

"As a country with open-door refugee and social safety net policies, Canada is an ideal breeding ground for extremism, say researchers."


I wonder how those researchers explain extremism in places like Afghanistan and Indonesia. I'm not saying that Canada and Europe arent extremist breeding grounds, just that I don't think that's the real reason.


2 posted on 09/17/2005 1:28:40 PM PDT by cripplecreek (Never a minigun handy when you need one.)
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To: Lorianne
. While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality.

Absurdly hilarious!

3 posted on 09/17/2005 1:32:02 PM PDT by evad ( PC KILLS--NOLA is just the latest example)
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To: cripplecreek; Lorianne
Any society that compels its citizens to focus more on what makes them different (multiculturalism) than encouraging a patriotism and common identity (melting pot) is ultimately doomed to failure.

When people feel they have nothing in common with others in their nation, they seek to obtain dominance over all others through violence and intimidation, thus ensuring that their way of life will prevail.

THIS is what's happened in Afghanistan and Indonesia. THIS is what is happening in Canada and America.

If we don't stop it now, we'll wind up being nothing but a Balkanized nation that will be all too easy for the Islamists to annihilate.

The Leftists know this...in fact, they're counting on it.

4 posted on 09/17/2005 1:38:36 PM PDT by Prime Choice (E=mc^3. Don't drink and derive.)
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To: evad
While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality.

HA! Good one.

That's right, you heard it first! Nevermind one description that actually fits the majority of pig-smelling Arab terrorists, citizen! Only the enlightened effete elite know what's really going on!

5 posted on 09/17/2005 1:40:43 PM PDT by Prime Choice (E=mc^3. Don't drink and derive.)
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To: Prime Choice
Their supporters are the ones that look like this.
6 posted on 09/17/2005 1:46:03 PM PDT by cripplecreek (Never a minigun handy when you need one.)
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To: Prime Choice
PC..
I'm sure you could come up with a great cartoon on this one.

The towelhead with the machette about to lop of a head and the "bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest " about to blow up an entire gathering as the people look on and rejoice in the fact that THESE ARE NOT TERRORISTS!

7 posted on 09/17/2005 1:51:32 PM PDT by evad ( PC KILLS--NOLA is just the latest example)
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To: evad

If I can find a decent photo of the author of this rubbish, it's a done deal.


8 posted on 09/17/2005 1:53:09 PM PDT by Prime Choice (E=mc^3. Don't drink and derive.)
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To: Lorianne
“It is a ‘born-again’ process,” says French researcher Olivier Roy.

ROY -- You are an idiot.

9 posted on 09/17/2005 1:54:11 PM PDT by BenLurkin (O beautiful for patriot dream - that sees beyond the years)
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To: cripplecreek
"While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality." Yes, I have to say I agree with that statement, in my mind I always picture the giant beard and it is not a reality. I'll amend the image in my mind's eye from now on, thanks for the reality check. By the way, try googling "critical islamic studies" and "critical biblical studies" with the quotes. Note the difference in the results and the number of educational sites linked (.edu's)
10 posted on 09/17/2005 2:14:20 PM PDT by theymakemesick (Sept 11th was perpetrated by GOOD MUSLIMS www.prophetofdoom.com (thanx freeper that linked me there)
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To: Lorianne

"But the effect is that orthodox imams and sheikhs across the West preach a message terrorists want to hear: Islam should be the only law, the West is corrupt and Muslims have a moral responsibility to jihad. One moderate American Muslim leader has suggested as many as 80% of the mosques in North America are run by Salafists spreading that message."

Sobering.


11 posted on 09/17/2005 2:20:00 PM PDT by strategofr (What did happen to those 293 boxes of secret FBI files (esp on Senators) Hillary stole?)
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To: Lorianne
The term “jihad” means “struggle.”

So if we translated it to German, would "jihad" be Kampf?

12 posted on 09/17/2005 2:20:28 PM PDT by Tredge (Your Democratic Party - A Cult in Search of its Personality)
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To: Lorianne
In the years since 9/11, almost every major terrorist act involving extremist Islam has been committed by a person raised in the West.

Astonishingly narrow thinking. He must be thinking of attacks only in the west. Unless you have a strict definition of "major", many attacks in Israel, Indonesia, Kashmir, etc. would count as well.

13 posted on 09/17/2005 2:22:21 PM PDT by jiggyboy (Ten percent of poll respondents are either lying or insane)
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To: Lorianne
"While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality." Further proof I had the image in my mind wrong
14 posted on 09/17/2005 2:30:54 PM PDT by theymakemesick (Sept 11th was perpetrated by GOOD MUSLIMS www.prophetofdoom.com (thanx freeper that linked me there)
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To: Lorianne; Fred Nerks; justche; USF; jan in Colorado; AmericanArchConservative; fastattacksailor; ...
The problem with the (Salafist Islamic leadership) is that they condemn the terrorists actions but can’t condemn the religious ideas behind them, because they agree with them.’’

There is a tendency in humans to seek a kind of fulfilment that can only come from a closer relationship with God. And that's a fine thing, unless your god is the Allah of Islam.

As long as Islam is alive, there will be the call of martyrdom (shahada)...and that means dead innocent non-muslims. And wherever Islam comes into contact with the Judeo/Christian world, innocent Christians and Jews will be killed in the name of Islam.

So how is it that our government, on one hand, says "Islam is the religion of peace, one of the worlds great religions"...and then is shocked when Muslims kill people in the name of Allah? How can our government blame the terrorists BUT NOT the religion and the god that commands them to kill? The terrorists honestly think they are doing Allah's will (and they are).

Until this war on terror is directed at the real enemy, Islam, we will never win.

According to Carl von Clausewitz,

"The first, the supreme, the most far-reaching act of judgment that the statesman and the commander have to make is to establish...the kind of war on which they are embarking, neither mistaking it for, nor trying to turn it into, something that is alien to its nature." When policy-makers misstate the true dimensions of the conflict, not only do they mislead the public, but also they incur the risk of believing their own rhetoric, which will seriously impair their ability to defend their societies.

Source for Von Clausewitz quote:

"Democratic Universality and Its Adversaries" by Joel Fishman

15 posted on 09/17/2005 2:36:52 PM PDT by Dark Skies ("The only way to find yourself is in the fires of sorrow." -- Oswald Chambers)
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To: Tredge
The term “jihad” means “struggle.”

Google "jihad kampf" and you'll find some vy interesting articles.

16 posted on 09/17/2005 2:42:27 PM PDT by Dark Skies ("The only way to find yourself is in the fires of sorrow." -- Oswald Chambers)
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To: Lorianne

Jihad is the spreading of islam, by violence, if necessary.

This author should read Robert Spencer's, "Politically Incorrect Guide to Islam".


17 posted on 09/17/2005 2:49:10 PM PDT by milford421
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To: Prime Choice
Nevermind one description that actually fits the majority of pig-smelling Arab terrorists, citizen! Only the enlightened effete elite know what's really going on!

The point is when terrorists come to the United States they're probably going to at least change out of their robes and try to be a little inconspicuous. They know what terrorists stereotypically look like as well as anybody else.

18 posted on 09/17/2005 4:02:58 PM PDT by fooblier
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To: evad

While the image of the bearded, robed Arab wearing a suicide vest comes to mind when the public thinks of terrorists, it is not reality.

Tell this to the Iraqis and Israelis.


19 posted on 09/17/2005 5:31:42 PM PDT by rbg81
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To: Lorianne

-“...and none of them claim to be representing Islam,” says Khawaja.-

You must be kidding.


20 posted on 09/18/2005 6:08:55 AM PDT by AmericanChef
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To: Lorianne

I guess terrorism is just a figment of our collective imaginations.

Who would have thought?


21 posted on 09/18/2005 6:17:26 AM PDT by corlorde (New Hampshire)
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