Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Israel protests Hitler praise in Indian schoolbooks
Expatica ^ | 11/11/05 | Expatica

Posted on 11/14/2005 5:09:12 PM PST by wagglebee

NEW DELHI - Israel is planning to protest a western Indian state's move to include references in school books that glorify Adolf Hitler, a news report said Friday.

The Israeli Embassy is planning to communicate its displeasure to Gujarat state, appalled that the school textbooks "sing praises" of Hitler, the Indian Express reported.

The state is ruled by the Hindu rightist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Israel's Consul general in Bombay, Daniel Zonshine said the representation of Hitler in Gujarat's textbooks was "misleading".

"Personally, I feel offended, and publicly, the representation has caused anger and unhappiness at the twisting of facts," Zonshine was quoted by the paper as saying.

Zonshine said the protest could include writing to the state government. "We are exploring options, coordinating and exchanging views on this."

He added Israel plans to get the support of Germany. "It could also be a joint effort with the German embassy," he said.

The controversy concerns a Class X text book of the Gujarat Education Board that is silent on the Holocaust and glorifies Hitler. In a section on "Internal achievements of Nazism", the school book states; "Hitler adopted a new economic policy and brought prosperity to Germany. He made untiring efforts to make Germany self reliant within one decade".

The Catholic Bishops Conference of India (CBCI) has also demanded the textbooks be withdrawn, stating the books are full of prejudices and hatred towards religious minorities.


TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Culture/Society; Extended News; Israel; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: hindus; hitler; india; schoolbooks
Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-84 next last
In a section on "Internal achievements of Nazism", the school book states; "Hitler adopted a new economic policy and brought prosperity to Germany. He made untiring efforts to make Germany self reliant within one decade".

WTF! He was responsible for millions of deaths and nearly exterminated the Jews, his "self reliance" was based on invading other nations and looting them.

1 posted on 11/14/2005 5:09:12 PM PST by wagglebee
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SJackson; Alouette

Ping.


2 posted on 11/14/2005 5:10:01 PM PST by wagglebee ("We are ready for the greatest achievements in the history of freedom." -- President Bush, 1/20/05)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

Terrifying. I'm all for the Hindus, and I love India and its people. But this isn't right, and I'm not going to keep my mouth shut.


3 posted on 11/14/2005 5:11:50 PM PST by Alexander Rubin (Octavius - You make my heart glad building thus, as if Rome is to be eternal.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: dennisw; Cachelot; Yehuda; Nix 2; veronica; Catspaw; knighthawk; Alouette; Optimist; weikel; ...
If you'd like to be on this middle east/political ping list, please FR mail me.

..........................................

4 posted on 11/14/2005 5:15:57 PM PST by SJackson (People have learned from Gaza that resistance succeeds, not smart negotiators., Hassem Darwish)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

If India's like the rest of the world, tell them that Hitler was responsible for the death of more than a few homosexuals as well. That oughta change their minds. Leftist scum...


5 posted on 11/14/2005 5:16:53 PM PST by RedBeaconNY (Vous parlez trop, mais vous ne dites rien.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
You have to love it.

Hitler adopted a new economic policy and brought prosperity to Germany. He made untiring efforts to make Germany self reliant within one decade

Prosperity?

6 posted on 11/14/2005 5:19:27 PM PST by SJackson (People have learned from Gaza that resistance succeeds, not smart negotiators., Hassem Darwish)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

He was responsible for lifting Germany's economy in less than a decade, and of destroying most of Europe the following three years. Along with it he destroyed millions of families, left millions homeless and was responsible for the deaths of ten million or more people. Adolf Hitler disrupted over half the planet, and contributed toward much destruction on the other half.

The name Adolf Hitler will be cursed for eternity.

Nice going India. You weren't content to put one foot in your mouth, you've got both of them in there up to your kneecaps.


7 posted on 11/14/2005 5:19:47 PM PST by DoughtyOne
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: RedBeaconNY
That oughta change their minds. Leftist scum...

You clearly have no idea what you're talking about. This is the BJP we're talking about, hardly a hotbed of leftwing radicalism.

8 posted on 11/14/2005 5:23:43 PM PST by Alter Kaker (Whatever tears one may shed, in the end one always blows one’s nose.-Heine)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
You were aware, of course, that during WWII the top dogs in the Congress Party, including Gandhi, were kept in detention, or otherwise closely supervised because, Lo and Behold, they favored the Axis!

It should surprise no one that pro-fascist sentiments continue to be held by many Indian politicians and public servants.

9 posted on 11/14/2005 5:23:49 PM PST by muawiyah (/ hey coach do I gotta' put in that "/sarcasm " thing again? How'bout a double sarcasm for this one)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
Do they have anything to say about Pol Pot?

ML/NJ

10 posted on 11/14/2005 5:24:05 PM PST by ml/nj
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

Whoever authorized this insanity should be demoted to junior assistant idiot and sent to Kashmir to work as a mine detector. This is an atrocity.


11 posted on 11/14/2005 5:24:32 PM PST by Slings and Arrows (Note for visitors at Arafat's grave - first dance, THEN pee.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Alter Kaker
Do you have any articles on them handy? It'd be great if you'd inform me.

Thanks in advance,

an ignorant FReeper

12 posted on 11/14/2005 5:26:37 PM PST by RedBeaconNY (Vous parlez trop, mais vous ne dites rien.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

Emerging Indian Nationalism...Those who ignore history...will be trampled by those who repeat it.


13 posted on 11/14/2005 5:27:25 PM PST by evolved_rage
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: muawiyah

I had forgotten, but thanks for the reminder. Of course, Aryanism is a branch of Hindu which makes Islamic treatment of women look kind.

http://www.dalitstan.org/books/gowh/gowh2.html


14 posted on 11/14/2005 5:28:51 PM PST by wagglebee ("We are ready for the greatest achievements in the history of freedom." -- President Bush, 1/20/05)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee

I wonder what Hitler would have done with India and its inhabitants after invading...


15 posted on 11/14/2005 5:35:17 PM PST by Nachum
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee; A. Pole; Willie Green; Nowhere Man; Jhoffa_

This is where unpatriotic corporations are outsourcing labor to. Shameful.


16 posted on 11/14/2005 5:36:10 PM PST by Clintonfatigued (Sam Alito Deserves To Be Confirmed)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
This is not the government of India (federal goverment). This is a state government- for the state of gujarat. It does not reflect the will of the entire Indian nation or the federal goverment.

The state goverment for the state of gujarat has strong fascist tendancies. Unfortunately they are supported by the majority of people in that state

17 posted on 11/14/2005 5:37:53 PM PST by Moorings
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: Moorings
There are other states where Commies are dominant ~ albeit not in the majority but "dominant" because the Christians vote with them against the Hindus and Moslems!

It's a big country with many conflicts.

18 posted on 11/14/2005 5:39:19 PM PST by muawiyah (/ hey coach do I gotta' put in that "/sarcasm " thing again? How'bout a double sarcasm for this one)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 17 | View Replies]

To: All
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4711475.stm

Saturday, 23 July, 2005, 22:51 GMT 23:51 UK

'Nazi' row over Indian textbooks

Critics say schoolchildren are being taught historical inaccuracies
Human rights campaigners in India's Gujarat state have condemned school textbooks which they say praise Hitler.
The books are issued by the Hindu nationalist state government. One includes a chapter on the "internal achievements of Nazism".

A Jesuit priest and social activist, Cedric Prakash, says the books contain more than 300 factual errors and make little mention of the holocaust.

The Gujarat government has dismissed the charges as baseless.

A senior official from the state education department told the BBC that anomalies arose when the book was translated from Gujarati into English, and are being quoted out of context.

Troubled state

The books, used to teach students aged 13 to 15, were introduced last year and have been reissued for the current school year.


Gujarat is led by Chief Minister Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi

Father Prakash told AFP news agency: "We first researched the textbooks in 2004 and pointed out some glaringly distorted historical facts to the state education board.

"Despite protests from parents, peace activists and educationists, the updated school books still contain the same objectionable text this academic year."

He said it was time to take the matter to court.

In the chapter entitled "Internal achievements of Nazism," one textbook quoted by AFP states: "Hitler lent dignity and prestige to the German government within a short time, establishing a strong administrative set-up."

Communal feelings run high in Gujarat - the birth place of Mahatma Gandhi.

Religious riots in 2002 officially killed more than 1,000 people, most of them Muslims. Human rights groups place the figure much higher.

19 posted on 11/14/2005 5:43:01 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Alexander Rubin

They're a bunch of would-be upper-caste arrogant snots who think they are oh-so-superior to we crass materialistic Westerners.

Ask any convenience store owner.


20 posted on 11/14/2005 5:44:07 PM PST by elcid1970
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: muawiyah
Hindus are not a monolithic group. There are lots of hindus in the communist parties as well as other parties. Christians don't vote against Hindus. A lot of Christians vote for left leaning parties, because they feel safer with them in power. There are christians in the nationalistic parties too.
21 posted on 11/14/2005 5:46:36 PM PST by Moorings
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 18 | View Replies]

To: Clintonfatigued; wagglebee; A. Pole; Willie Green; Nowhere Man; Jhoffa_

Let us get this right - this is about one school board in a country of a billion people!! Additionally, 60000 Indians lost their ives fighting for the Allied cause in WW2. Eough said.....


22 posted on 11/14/2005 5:49:11 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 16 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
Pro-Hitler chapter out of textbook

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1292892.cms

Saturday, November 12, 2005 01:25:06 am

GANDHINAGAR: Finding that the uncritical references to Adolf Hitler in a class 9 social science textbook was having international ramifications, the Narendra Modi government withdrew the ten-page chapter — 'Present Currents of World History' — where the German dictator was called a 'nationalist' and a 'socialist'.

An education department official said the chapter "ceases to be part of the syllabus". A letter dated October 29, 2005 written by Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Board secretary BV Nanavati has been sent to all district educational officers in this regard.

The withdrawal was declared a day after Israel's consul-general Daniel Zohar Zonshire, who was on a visit to the state, indicated in Vadodara that he would write to the Gujarat government protesting against the glorification of Hitler.

The objectionable portions in the textbook, which was published this year, were first highlighted in the media by TOI on July 23, 2005, after which it received world-wide condemnation.


Significantly, the chapter makes no reference to the most gruesome genocide in history. After the furore, a revision of the textbook was being planned by the government by describing Hitler as "cruel", without referring to the systematic decimation of Jews during World War II.

More recently, a rebel BJP MLA cited references to Hitler in the textbook to castigate Modi. Officials said on Friday that a completely revised chapter would be added to the class 9 textbook for the academic year 2006-07.

The chapter, significantly, will be written by selected teachers from Gujarat-based Kendriya Vidyalayas, instead of Gujarat's own committee of educationists involved in preparing the state textbooks.

23 posted on 11/14/2005 5:49:18 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: CarrotAndStick

Did you see this post in a different thread? Though you might be interested in reading some ridiculous FReeper commentary on India: http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1521125/posts?page=149#149


24 posted on 11/14/2005 5:51:31 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
Interesting that Israel can take time out while committing national suicide to worry about something like this.

Should they not be making preparations to forcefully evacuate the Jewish residents from Jerusalem; focusing on the present attempt at extermination of their people, rather than the last attempt getting a good review in a third world textbook. ...?

I guess people still have time on their hands.
25 posted on 11/14/2005 5:53:14 PM PST by mmercier (so it goes)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Moorings
When you vote "for" someone you necessarily vote "against" someone else.

Presumably Indian Christians are a special case not subject to the laws of logic.

26 posted on 11/14/2005 5:54:54 PM PST by muawiyah (/ hey coach do I gotta' put in that "/sarcasm " thing again? How'bout a double sarcasm for this one)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 21 | View Replies]

To: swarthyguy; Cronos

Pinging...


27 posted on 11/14/2005 5:55:36 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee; All
Bear with me for a second on this one:

The economic state of Germany after WW I, was understandably devastating and made worse by the repressive and vindictive policies of the Treaty of Versailles. This economic catastrophe gave rise to Hitler, who from the early to mid 30's did bring a turn around in the economic conditions of Germany.

All of this is, of course, overshadowed by the horrible calamities of WWII. No history of Germany would be complete w/o telling of both the rise to power, and then of the unforgiveable horrors which followed.

Now fast forward to 1968-1973. Richard Nixon as President accomplishes some significant policies that are today overlooked (Opening the door to China, is one example). Nixon accomplished a lot as President, however, when was the last time we read a report, or article, about Nixon w/o there being the references to the "crimes" of Watergate? I am not comparing Nixon to Hitler, but am drawing a parallel to the way they are viewed by historians. It seems that the events of their downfalls, takes the lead (understandably so), and that anything said, except for complete condemnation, falls on deaf ears.

In regards to this specific text book, it would seem to be telling only one side of the story, a trait much more common to liberals it would seem to me.

28 posted on 11/14/2005 5:59:18 PM PST by Michael.SF. ('That was the gift the president gave us, the gift of happiness, of being together,' Cindy Sheehan")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Michael.SF.
Obviously, any modern history of Germany must include Hitler, just as histories of 20th century America include Nixon and Watergate.

However, this book praises Hitler's economic accomplishments, while ignoring the Holocaust and the fact that Hitler caused the death of tens of millions and turmoil for the entire planet.

29 posted on 11/14/2005 6:04:38 PM PST by wagglebee ("We are ready for the greatest achievements in the history of freedom." -- President Bush, 1/20/05)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 28 | View Replies]

To: Nachum
He would probably have attacked the jews who have lived safely in India for centuaries. No pogroms, victimization or danger. He would have probably destroyed one of the oldest synagogues in the world in Kochi in the state of Kerala. It is still standing today, even though a lot of the people who worshiped there have safely migrated to Israel.

He would however have had to defeat the outstanding jewish officers in the Indian armed forces to do all this.

30 posted on 11/14/2005 6:16:34 PM PST by Moorings
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 15 | View Replies]

To: elcid1970

My family got their start in North America with a convenience store100 years ago. So don't you be badmouthing convenience stores. Everyone has to make a living. ;)

I like Indians, and the ones I know don't act like that way at all. Plus, India and China are the rising powers, and I'd rather India than China any day. India is very anti-terrorist most of the time, capitalist and democratic. I don't like the caste system, but in time it will end. Slowly, not in our lifetimes, but it will weaken within our lifetimes.

Maybe I'm just more idealistic than you because I'm younger. But, while I have many problems with specific incidents and events and a few fundamentalists, I really have few problems with modern Indian culture in general.


31 posted on 11/14/2005 6:23:57 PM PST by Alexander Rubin (Octavius - You make my heart glad building thus, as if Rome is to be eternal.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: All

http://www.brandonsun.com/story.php?story_id=9768

Narayanan, first 'untouchable' to become India's president, dead at 85

NEW DELHI (AP) - Former president K.R. Narayanan, the first "untouchable" from India's pernicious caste system to occupy the office in a validation of the country's democratic roots, died Wednesday. He was 85.

The soft-spoken, scholarly Narayanan was admitted to an army hospital in the capital Oct. 29 with pneumonia and kidney failure. He was placed on life support two days later and died Wednesday, Defence Ministry spokesman Sitanshu Kar said.

Although the president's post in India is largely ceremonial, Narayanan showed during his 1997-2002 tenure that he was no rubber-stamp executive. He broke from precedent twice to defy the government that appointed him, refusing to sack opposition-ruled state administrations.

"He was a monumental personality, a personality who proved what (the) Indian Republic stands for," former prime minister I.K. Gujral said on private New Delhi Television. "... In him, the Indian Republic's philosophy was testified. In all the time he occupied the high office, he always upheld his oath to protect the constitution."

Narayanan's rise to the top was remarkable in a country where "untouchables" - now known as "Dalits" - are the lowest members of society, having faced ridicule and hostility for centuries.

The Dalits - literally "broken people" - are outside the caste system, a 3,000-year-old hierarchy dividing Hindus into four categories of descending social importance. Because they are without caste, the Dalits, nearly a fourth of India's billion-plus people, are considered unclean.

"Coming from a very poor family, coming up only with the dint of his own effort and labour, he proved . . . that neither religion nor caste can come in the way of a person who is able to exert himself intellectually," Gujral said.

Discrimination based on caste was outlawed in 1950, and much progress in social equality has been made since, but centuries of entrenched habits have been hard to break.

In his public statements, Narayanan never harped on the caste discrimination he faced growing up, instead emphasizing the positive.

"In fact, if you can see one consistent tendency in India, one trend in India, from the time of the Buddha onwards, it is the slow but steady movement of the lower classes among the scale of the class system," Narayanan said in a 1998 interview with state television.

"It took 2,000 years. But it is something which is going on."

The son of a traditional "Ayurvedic" medicine physician, Narayanan was born in a poor household in the village of Uzhavoor in the southern state of Kerala on Oct. 27, 1920.

He earned a bachelor's degree from the London School of Economics and worked as an English teacher, journalist and diplomat.

He once was barred from primary school because he could not afford the fees, but he stubbornly stood outside the classroom to listen to lessons.

Narayanan did so well on his final high school exams that he was given a government scholarship to continue his education.



He also received help from a fund set up for oppressed Indians by independence leader and social reformer Mohandas Gandhi, and an Indian industrialist later paid for his studies in London.

He returned to India in 1948 with a letter of introduction from a prominent economist to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The prime minister personally recommended Narayanan for the Indian Foreign Service.

Narayanan served as India's ambassador to China and the United States, two of the most important posts in the service.

His first posting as a diplomat was to Myanmar - then known as Burma - where he met his future wife, a Burmese woman who had studied social work in India.

They married in 1950, with special permission given by Nehru, as Indian diplomats are not allowed to marry foreigners.

Narayanan turned to politics in 1980, winning a seat in Parliament on a Congress party ticket. He was vice-president before being elected the country's 10th president in 1997.



© 2005 The Brandon Sun - All Rights Reserved


32 posted on 11/14/2005 6:26:43 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 31 | View Replies]

To: Moorings

There are Jewish officers in the Indian armed forces? 8o

Cool. Can you tell me more about them, or freepmail me some info?


33 posted on 11/14/2005 6:27:05 PM PST by Alexander Rubin (Octavius - You make my heart glad building thus, as if Rome is to be eternal.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 30 | View Replies]

To: wagglebee
You missed the last line of my post:

In regards to this specific text book, it would seem to be telling only one side of the story...

34 posted on 11/14/2005 6:27:57 PM PST by Michael.SF. ('That was the gift the president gave us, the gift of happiness, of being together,' Cindy Sheehan")
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 29 | View Replies]

To: CarrotAndStick

Sounds like an American success story. Good on him.


35 posted on 11/14/2005 6:28:54 PM PST by Alexander Rubin (Octavius - You make my heart glad building thus, as if Rome is to be eternal.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 32 | View Replies]

To: muawiyah

You are aware that 60, 000 Indian soldiers dies fighting for the Allies in WW2, aren't you?


36 posted on 11/14/2005 6:28:59 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: SJackson

See post 30 on this thread


37 posted on 11/14/2005 6:30:54 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: Alexander Rubin

Jewish general led Indian army in 1971 war

Alter.: The Jewish general who beat Pakistan

By SHELDON KIRSHNER

In the annals of modern warfare, the 1971 war between India and Pakistan is regarded as a template of brilliance. Within 13 days, the Indian army routed Pakistan in one of the swiftest campaigns of the 20th century.

Occasionally compared to Israel's victory in the 1967 Six Day War, and studied at military academies as a textbook example of efficient planning, the Indo-Pakistan war gave rise to a new state, Bangladesh, and established India as a regional superpower.

The major general who masterminded and spearheaded India's offensive, and who accepted Pakistan's surrender, was Jack Frederick Ralph Jacob, the scion of an old Jewish family from Calcutta. A spry bachelor of 81 who retired in 1978 as the commander of India's eastern army, he considers that war the highlight of a long and distinguished career as a soldier. Having written a book about it, Surrender at Dacca, published in 2001 by Manohar, he claims that the war was "surely the greatest military feat in our history."

Although historians are acquainted with his resumé, Jacob is not exactly a household name outside India. As I prepared for my trip to India late last year, I ran across his name in my research. Intrigued by the possibility of interviewing a Jewish warrior from an exotic country whose Jewish community is rooted in antiquity, I asked to meet him.

When I arrived in New Delhi on my last day in India, following relatively brief flights from Cochin and Mumbai, B.B. Mukherjee, a helpful contact from the ministry of tourism, was at the terminal to greet me with the news that Jacob had consented to an interview. I was pleased, but the timing was hardly fortuitous. I was tired, coming down with a cold and a hoarse voice, and my flight back to Toronto was just hours away. Nevertheless, I told Mukherjee I would be ready to talk to Jacob at his home in New Delhi at around five o'clock.

After a shower and change of clothes, I met Mukherjee in my hotel lobby, and off we drove to Jacob's flat in a non-descript gray apartment building in the centre of this sprawling city and capital of India. When we arrived, one of his Nepalese houseboys opened the door and ushered us into a dimly lit room filled with French furniture and crowded with original Mogul art on the walls.

Jacob, a surprisingly small man with a café au lait complexion and a formal manner, was smartly decked out in a blue blazer, creased pants, shirt and tie. He motioned me to sit down next to him on a narrow couch.

I began by asking him about his role in the war the 33rd anniversary of which was marked shortly before my trip to India and his decision to become a soldier. Jacob, whose Baghdadi family settled in Calcutta more than 200 years ago and whose father Elias Emanuel was a businessman, was quite effusive, enunciating his words in a posh upper-class Indian accent.

A brigadier-general by 1963 and a major-general by 1967, he was appointed chief of the Eastern Command in 1969 by Gen. Sam Maneckshaw, the Parsi chief of staff. Jacob's immediate superior was Lt. Gen. J.S. Aurora, a Sikh.

Jacob joined the British army in the summer of 1941 while at university and when India was still a British colony. He did so, he said, "to fight the Nazis." After graduating from officers training school in 1942, he was posted to northern Iraq in anticipation of a possible German thrust to seize the Kirkuk oil fields. He trained with Glubb Pasha's Arab Legion, which would be the backbone of Jordan's army. In the wake of Japan's defeat, he was assigned to Sumatra. Returning to an independent India after taking a gunnery course in Britain, Jacob commanded a mountain battery and served in an armoured division. Then, in short order, he took artillery and missile courses in the United States and was a general staff officer at Western Command headquarters.

"I didn't plan to be a career officer," he said. "I liked the army and stayed on. I did everything I was supposed to do."

During the mid-1960s, when India fought a war with Pakistan, he was the commandant of the School of Artillery. Subsequently, he was in charge of an infantry division in Rajasthan, where he wrote a much-praised manual on desert warfare. Promoted to chief of staff of the Eastern Command, based in Calcutta, Jacob was soon grappling with insurgencies in Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.

The Eastern Command was a sensitive one. The partition of the Indian sub-continent in 1947 had led to the emergence of India and Pakistan, which was made up of two distinct and geographically disconnected areas. Although East Pakistan was more populous than West Pakistan, political power rested with the western elite, causing resentment, unrest and calls for autonomy in the other half.

By 1971, East Pakistan was in revolt, and Pakistan's ruler, Yahya Khan, cracked down. As the violence escalated, with a massive loss of life and an exodus of millions of Hindu refugees into Indian territory, Indo-Pakistani tensions rose.

When India's prime minister, Indira Gandhi, extended assistance to Bengali rebels who sought to break away from Pakistan and form their own country, Pakistan responded first by attacking rebel camps in India and then, on Dec. 3, by bombing nine northern Indian airfields. In a dramatic broadcast to the nation, Gandhi declared war on Pakistan.

Having watched these developments with mounting concern, Jacob realized that conflict was imminent. "We knew we would have to intervene, but we hardly had any infrastructure and had to build it up," he recalled.

In consultation with his superiors, he refined his plan to engage Pakistan in a "war of movement" in difficult terrain with few bridges and roads, crisscrossed by rivers and broken up by swamps, mangroves and paddy fields. Jacob's strategy was clear. Dacca the heart of East Pakistan would be captured and Pakistani forces bypassed. Pakistan's communication centres would be secured and its command and control capabilities destroyed, while its forces would be drawn to the border. Some Indian commanders raised objections to the unorthodox plan, but it was finally approved.

"I planned for a three-week campaign, but it went faster than I expected," said Jacob, who instinctively understood that speed was essential and that a protracted war would not be in India's interests: The United Nations would apply pressure on India to halt its offensive, and the Soviet Union India's ally might not be able to fend off calls for a ceasefire.

As fighting raged, Jacob flew to Dacca and wrested unconditional surrender terms from his opposite number, Gen. Amir Niazi, who would later accuse Jacob of having blackmailed him into submission.

"It was a total victory over a formidable, well-trained army," he observed. "Had Pakistan fought on, it would have been difficult for us." Indian casualties were 1,421 killed and 4,058 wounded. "We expected higher casualties," he admitted. The Pakistani figures were much higher, in India's estimation: 6,761 killed and 8,000 wounded.

Jacob, who calls Surrender at Dacca the most authoritative and objective account of the war to date, ascribed his victory to a few factors imaginative planning, flexibility of approach, the capacity to react to shifting and perhaps unforeseen events and, of course, luck. But for Jacob, a keen student of warfare, historical context was always of crucial importance. As he put it, "I've learned from every campaign since Alexander the Great and Napoleon."

Looking back, he described his 37-year career in the army as "the happiest and most enjoyable period of my life." Never once did he feel the sting of anti-Semitism in the Indian army. "But I had some problems with the British," he said, declining to elaborate. "I don't like to talk about it."

Interestingly enough, Jacob whose Hebrew name is Yaacov Rafael and who serves as president of New Delhi's one and only synagogue was not the only high-ranking Jewish officer in the armed forces. "There was another Jewish general, a chap named Samson, and he was in research and development and ordnance. And there was also a Jewish vice-admiral."

Upon leaving the army, Jacob went into business. But in 1998, he was called out of retirement to be governor of Goa, a former Portuguese colony popular with Israeli tourists. He remained there until 1999, when he assumed the governorship of Punjab, a job he held until 2003.

A three-time visitor to Israel who was once invited there by Yitzhak Rabin when he was the prime minister, Jacob was also on friendly terms with Mordechai Gur, a former Israeli chief of staff. Jacob played an indirect role in India's decision to establish diplomatic relations with Israel in 1992, but he refused to talk about his role in that diplomatic rapprochement.

Referring to himself as "a very private person," he was likewise reluctant to speak about his family, apart from saying that his brothers and sisters are deceased.

Today, in his twilight years, Jacob is a writer and lecturer on military and political affairs. But he wryly described his current status as "unemployed."



http://www.cjnews.com/viewarticle.asp?id=5574&s=1


38 posted on 11/14/2005 6:30:57 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 33 | View Replies]

To: indcons

Of course. Still, that didn't keep the Brits from locking up the Congress Party leadership during the war.


39 posted on 11/14/2005 6:35:06 PM PST by muawiyah (/ hey coach do I gotta' put in that "/sarcasm " thing again? How'bout a double sarcasm for this one)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 36 | View Replies]

To: Alexander Rubin; CarrotAndStick
There are Jewish officers in the Indian armed forces? 8o Cool. Can you tell me more about them, or freepmail me some info?

CarrotAndStick, do you still have the info on jewish officers in the Indian armed forces. I know you posted it once. If so, could you please pass it on to Alexander Rubin.

40 posted on 11/14/2005 6:37:35 PM PST by Moorings
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 33 | View Replies]

To: muawiyah

The Congress Party was infested with communist sympathizers; it is indeed a pity that the Congress ruled India for almost 50 years after 1947.


41 posted on 11/14/2005 6:38:05 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 39 | View Replies]

To: SJackson
Prosperity?

Sure! He tried to unite all of Europe and Asia under a single banner. Of course, that banner was the Swastika, and directly responsible for many tens of millions of civilain deaths. And in doing so, Nazi Germany was rather prosperous, what with plundering all of the countries of Western Europe.

Then the mean old Allies had to go and ruin all of Hitler's fun!

Mark

42 posted on 11/14/2005 6:40:04 PM PST by MarkL (I didn't get to where I am today by worrying about what I'd feel like tomorrow!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: Moorings
He would probably have attacked the jews who have lived safely in India for centuaries. No pogroms, victimization or danger. He would have probably destroyed one of the oldest synagogues in the world in Kochi in the state of Kerala. It is still standing today, even though a lot of the people who worshiped there have safely migrated to Israel.

And subsequently lost the Hindu support which got him voted in the first place. You must remember, in India, the text-books on history of the 1940-1950 period lay far greater emphasis on India's independence movement than on world history. Most Indians have no clue what the Holocaust was, or what it did to the Jews. But all the same, the Jewish community in India has successfully sought refuge in Hindu India, over 500 years ago. Most Jews in India have left for Israel. And almost all of them still maintain their ties to India, visiting India frequently, to see old friends, and family who refused to leave India when Israel was created.


43 posted on 11/14/2005 6:40:44 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 30 | View Replies]

To: Alexander Rubin; SJackson

India's most famous Indian English poet, Nissim Ezekiel, was also a jew. In fact, Jews have been living in the south and west coasts of India for hundreds of years without a single incident. Wish the rest of the world were as tolerant, don't you think so?


44 posted on 11/14/2005 6:41:32 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 33 | View Replies]

To: Moorings

I just did that, before you asked me ;^)


45 posted on 11/14/2005 6:41:40 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 40 | View Replies]

To: indcons

Jews in India

COCHINI JEWS
The second Jewish community of India is called ‘Cochini Jews’. They are called Cochini Jews because they lived in the city of Cochin in south India. But actually the first settlement of the Cochini Jews wasn’t in Cochin but a little north from Cochin in the town of Kudungallur (formly Cranganore).

Like the Bene Israels, the arrival time of the first Cochini Jews isn’t clear. But one fact is sure about the Cochini Jews, that they weren’t a single emigration. At different times Jews arrived and settled in south India at Kudungallur. According to one version the first forefathers of the Cochini Jews arrived in India during the King Solomon’s period.

King Solomon had commercial business with a kingdom probably existing in the present state of Kerala in south India. Other version claims that the Cochini Jews are from the Lost Tribes. Another version claims that the Cochini Jews arrived in India after they were exiled from Land of Israel by Nebuchadnezzar. Later on in the history Jews from Spain, arrived in Cochin. The Spanish Jews lived separately from the veteran Jews and considered them as Indian proselytes to Judaism.

The Keralans take pride in the fact that the kingdoms of Kerala were world famous and merchants from around the world frequently visited Kerala, since the times of King Solomon and later on Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Chinese and others. Among the merchants, also arrived in Kerala many Jewish merchants and some of them settled in Kerala. The main center of the Jewish community in Kerala was at Kudungallur (referred to in English as Cranganore).

The existence of the Jewish community in south India was known to other Jewish communities outside India and some other Jewish merchants also arrived in India. The Jewish merchants were influential community in their state and outside their state and were main reason for the prosperity in their kingdom. As a gratitude for their contribution to the kingdom, the ruler Sri Parkaran Iravi Vanmar gave to the head of the Jewish community Joseph Rabban the village of Anjuvannam and pronounced him the Prince of this village.

These Jewish rulers had all the rights preserved to the ruling families of the Indian kingdoms. But till today there isn’t an agreement among the scholars on the exact date when this ‘Jewish kingdom’ was established. Different scholars give different dates to the establishment of this principality. Some claim it to be in the 4 century A. D. Others claim it to be at a much later period around10 century A. D. According to the Cochini Jews the ‘princely rights’ (written on copper plates and therefore called Copper Plates) were given to them in 379 A. D.

Another fact not clear is : Which Cochini Jews received the ‘Copper Plates’? The Cochini Jews are divided in three groups. The biggest group is called ‘Meyuhassim’ (meaning ‘privileged’ in Hebrew) or Malabari Jews (Malabar is the name of the coast on which Kerala is situated). These Jews forefathers are considered to have arrived in India as merchants during the period of King Solomon. The second group is called ‘Pardesi’ (meaning ‘foreigner’ in some Indian languages).

The Pardesi Jews are Jews who came to Kerala at different periods from different countries namely Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Iran, Spain and Germany. These two groups were merchants and had slaves who were converted to Judaism and later on released from their status as slaves and are called ‘Meshuhararim’ (meaning ‘released’ in Hebrew). These groups were sometimes referred to by colors. The ‘Privileged’ Jews were called ‘black’ Jews, the ‘Pardesi’ were called ‘white’ Jews.

The ‘Pardesi’ Jews looked at the ‘Privileged’ Jews as impure Jews and as Jewish proselyte. Both these communities claim that the ‘prince’ was from their community. The Jewish principality survived till the 16th century A. D. In 1524 the Jews were attacked by Moorish Arabs because of the monopoly Jewish merchants had in some commodities. The Jews who were a principality with no real army deserted their principality and asked for shelter from the king of Cochin. The king received them in his kingdom and so was established the Jewish community of Cochin. The area where they lived and did business is even today called ‘Jew Town’.

The Cochini Jews knew all of the Jewish traditions and preserved all Jewish traditions. They were particularly strict of Passover and didn’t even allow the non-Jews to touch the cooking utensils during this period. As stated before the Cochini Jews were very influential in their society. Numerically the Cochini Jews at their height were 3000 and that was in the 1940s. Of that the Pardesi were only 200. Today there are about 70 Jews in Cochin.



46 posted on 11/14/2005 6:46:16 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 44 | View Replies]

To: CarrotAndStick
Quick on the trigger, aren't ya?!!
47 posted on 11/14/2005 6:47:48 PM PST by Moorings
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 45 | View Replies]

To: CarrotAndStick

The Jews could not have survived under Portuguese rule in Cochin(1502-1663) had it not been for the Hindu king Parumal. In 1565 he gave them a strip of land next to his palace and in 1568 permitted them to build a synagogue not 30 yards from his temple. He appointed a hereditary mudaliar (chief) from among the Jews and invested the position with special privileges and jurisdiction in all internal matters in the Jewish community. This office continued in force under subsequent Rajas and even under Dutch and British rule. The Hallegua family, which still holds the title, continues to be influential in Cochin.

48 posted on 11/14/2005 6:48:36 PM PST by CarrotAndStick (The articles posted by me needn't necessarily reflect my opinion.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 45 | View Replies]

To: CarrotAndStick

Yeah, I am aware of the rich history of judaism in India - in fact, I have visited the Jewish Quarter in Kochi. However, with increasing immigration to Israel, the numbers of Kochi jewish community are unfortunately decreasing.


49 posted on 11/14/2005 6:49:39 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 46 | View Replies]

To: Alouette; SJackson

Though you might be interested in this inscription from South India's oldest synagogue.


50 posted on 11/14/2005 6:51:36 PM PST by indcons ("Not all muslims are terrorists; however, all terrorists today are muslims." - George Fernandez)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 48 | View Replies]


Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.
first 1-5051-84 next last

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson