Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

Manchester University Helps With Pharaoh Analysis (Hatshepsut)
Eureka Alert ^ | 7-16-2007 | University Of Manchester

Posted on 07/16/2007 7:19:32 PM PDT by blam

Contact: Aeron Haworth
aeron.haworth@manchester.ac.uk
44-771-788-1563
University of Manchester

Manchester University helps with pharaoh DNA analysis

Preliminary results support positive identification of Egyptian queen

Preliminary results from DNA tests carried out on a mummy believed to be Queen Hatshepsut is expected to support the claim by Egyptian authorities that the remains are indeed those of Egypt’s most powerful female ruler.

Egyptologists in Cairo announced last month that a tooth found in a wooden box associated with Hatshepsut exactly fitted the jaw socket and broken root of the unidentified mummy.

Now, Dr Angelique Corthals, a biomedical Egyptologist at The University of Manchester, says that DNA tests she helped carry out with colleagues at the National Research Centre in Cairo have promising preliminary results suggesting the identity of the queen.

Dr Corthals, who is based at Manchester’s KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology, advised and trained a team led by Dr Yehia Gad in Egypt in techniques of extracting DNA samples from the mummified remains of the mystery female.

The group then compared the DNA samples with those taken from Hatshepsut’s royal relatives – her grandmother Ahmose Nefertari, the matriarch of 18th dynasty royalty, and her father Thutmose I.

“The difficulty in carrying out DNA testing on the royal mummies resides in the many times the remains have been handled as well as the chemical processes of mummification,” said Dr Corthals.

“Ironically, the chemicals that preserve the appearance of the mummies actually damage their DNA but the team was able to extract small amounts of genetic information from the areas of the mummies least affected by contamination.

“When the DNA of the mystery mummy was compared with that of Hatshepsut’s ancestors, we were able to scientifically confirm that the remains were those of the 18th dynasty queen.”

Hatshepsut, meaning ‘Foremost of Noble Ladies’, was Egypt’s greatest female ruler, having greater power than even Cleopatra. The fifth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, her reign in the 15th century BC was longer than any other female ruler of an indigenous dynasty

Most of the 18th dynasty royal mummies were moved away from their original tombs in the Valley of the Kings by the priests of the 21st dynasty fearing desecration and tomb robberies.

The cache was discovered in the 1870s by the Razzul brothers and, in 1881, all 40 mummies were moved to Cairo. However, Hatshepsut’s remains appeared to be missing and it was feared the mummy was lost, having been moved by her stepson Thutmose III, who – on succession – tried to destroy every trace of her reign.

However, in 1903, a British archaeologist, Howard Carter, excavated what became known as tomb KV60 and discovered two mummies – one in a coffin inscribed for a royal nurse, the other stretched out on the floor.

In June, Dr Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, held a news conference in Cairo to announce that this second mummy was that of the lost queen, pointing to the tooth as evidence.

The preliminary DNA evidence – to be included in a Discovery Channel documentary being broadcast in the United States this Sunday – suggests that the mummy is indeed the great queen Hatshepsut.

The team is now planning to carry out more tests on the 40 remaining royal mummies, including that of Tutankhamun, in order to resolve the many questions surrounding the genealogy of the 18th and 19th dynasties.

Further DNA testing is expected to help resolve such mysteries as the identity of the mummy of Tuthmosis I: Is it really the mummy of the mighty warrior-king of the 18th dynasty or just the remains of a nobleman" And were the two foetuses found in Tutankhamun’s tomb really the children of the young pharaoh?


TOPICS: News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: 18thdynasty; ancientautopsies; dna; egypt; godsgravesglyphs; hatshepsut; helixmakemineadouble; joannfletcher; kv60; manchester; newkingdom; pharaoh; pharoah; valleyofthekings
"The preliminary DNA evidence – to be included in a Discovery Channel documentary being broadcast in the United States this Sunday – suggests that the mummy is indeed the great queen Hatshepsut. "

Anyone care to speculate on the haplogroup?

1 posted on 07/16/2007 7:19:35 PM PDT by blam
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
GGG Ping.

List Of DNA Tested Mummies

2 posted on 07/16/2007 7:20:24 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: blam
Ancient DNA
3 posted on 07/16/2007 7:23:12 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: blam
Mitochondrial DNA sequence diversity in a sedentary population from Egypt.
4 posted on 07/16/2007 7:24:34 PM PDT by blam (Secure the border and enforce the law)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: blam
I watched the program on Discovery Channel about this last night. Quite a detective story!
5 posted on 07/16/2007 8:02:11 PM PDT by redhead (Victory first; then peace)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: redhead
I watched it as well. Great stuff.

I've been fascinated by the story of Hatshepsut and The Temple of Deir el Bahari since I was in high school.

I had an ancient history teacher who was very passionate about Ancient Egypt....I guess it rubbed off.

6 posted on 07/16/2007 8:05:44 PM PDT by Bloody Sam Roberts (Don't question faith. Don't answer lies.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: blam; FairOpinion; StayAt HomeMother; Ernest_at_the_Beach; 1ofmanyfree; 24Karet; 3AngelaD; 49th; ...
Thanks Blam. Haplo's history... ya gotta be of a certain age to understand that atrocious pun... one of the lucky ones, IOW...

To all -- please ping me to other topics which are appropriate for the GGG list. Thanks.
Please FREEPMAIL me if you want on or off the
"Gods, Graves, Glyphs" PING list or GGG weekly digest
-- Archaeology/Anthropology/Ancient Cultures/Artifacts/Antiquities, etc.
Gods, Graves, Glyphs (alpha order)

7 posted on 07/16/2007 10:48:01 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

Comparison of the mtDNA of that mummy arm (actually, two of them) with the supposed Nefertiti mummy in KV35 could pile on some inconvenient facts to further crap on Joanne Fletcher’s “borrowed” ideas.


8 posted on 07/16/2007 10:51:19 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: blam

Hatshepsut

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahri

9 posted on 07/16/2007 11:40:45 PM PDT by Daaave (The flesh eating jinn of Komari.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
pssst...she was the 'Queen of Sheba'.

Line drawing copy from a relief of Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to the Land of Punt.

Departure from Punt.

Queen Hatshepsut temple

This expedition is an indicator of her leadership and skill in motivating and governing the Egyptian society of her time to high achievement. The story of Hatshepsut's expedition to punt is recorded for posterity in the Egyptian art on the wall of her memorial temple.

10 posted on 07/16/2007 11:40:54 PM PDT by Fred Nerks (Fair dinkum!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: Fred Nerks; SunkenCiv; blam

Then would the English call her quite a punter?


11 posted on 07/17/2007 5:50:51 AM PDT by wildbill
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

To: Daaave

thanks, related:

Burial complex of Mentuhotep II
The History of the Ancient Egyptians | May 2002 | Ian Bolton
Posted on 07/27/2004 2:56:40 PM EDT by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1179621/posts


12 posted on 07/17/2007 6:33:57 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 9 | View Replies]

To: wildbill

Puntastic!


13 posted on 07/17/2007 6:34:38 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 11 | View Replies]

To: Fred Nerks
Quite agree. Weird little tidbit:
Speos Artemidos (Grotto of Artemis)
by Jimmy Dunn
About 2 miles southwest of Beni Hassan is the Cave of Artemis, which was hewn out of rock. It is located in the Batn el-Baqara wadi and is dedicated to the lion-goddess Pakhet (she who scratches), otherwise known as Artemis. There are scenes of offerings to various gods, but the most interesting thing here is an inscription over the entrance which states that Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty) has rid Egypt of the Hyksos. Actually, she did not.

14 posted on 07/17/2007 6:36:37 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 10 | View Replies]

from KMT I think:
(after William Petty)
Significant Events Yrs from death of Thutmose I Regnal Year of Thutmose II Regnal Year of Hatshepsut Regnal Year of Thutmose III
Thutmose II assumes the throne 1 1
2 2
Mortuary temple inscriptions 3 3
4 4
Thutmose II dies, Thutmose III assumes the throne 5 5 1
Dedication inscription at Semma 6 2
Hatshepsut assumes full titulary
Senenmut's tomb started
7 7 3
Donation stele of Senenmut 8 8 4
Punt expedition, Sinai Stela, Useramen appointed vizier, counting from the accession of Thutmose III ceases 9 9 5
10 10
11 11
12 12
Menkheperre & Hatshepsut depicted together 13 13 13
14 14
Hatshepsut's obelisks begun 15 15 15
First actual joint dating 16 16 16

15 posted on 07/17/2007 6:37:10 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

found these topic links in a file called “Hatshepsut tooth evidence”:

Hatshepsut mummy found
Egyptian State News Service | Friday, March 24, 2006 | unattributed
Posted on 03/26/2006 11:43:05 PM EST by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1603736/posts

Mummy of Egyptian queen Hatshepsut may have been found
(in a humble tomb in the Valley of the Kings)
Reuters on Yahoo | 6/25/07 | Jonathan Wright
Posted on 06/25/2007 11:05:18 PM EDT by NormsRevenge
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1856274/posts

Egyptologists Think They Have Hatshepsut’s Mummy
ABC News | 6-26-2007 | Jonathan Wright
Posted on 06/26/2007 5:41:36 PM EDT by blam
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1856722/posts


16 posted on 07/17/2007 6:40:30 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

Theban Mapping Project (Valley of the Kings etc)
Theban Mapping Project | 1980s to present | Kent Weeks et al
Posted on 01/13/2005 11:03:55 PM EST by SunkenCiv
http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-chat/1320504/posts

http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/sites/browse_tomb_874.html

“An inscription on one coffin bore the name and title, royal nurse, In. In has been thought by some to be Sit-Ra, called In, royal nurse of Hatshepsut. The mummy is now in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The other, still unidentified mummy remained in situ. Thomas suggested it might be the mummy of Hatshepsut, relocated by Thutmes III.” [discovered in 1903 by Howard Carter who removed some mummified geese; excavated in 1906 by Edward Russell Ayrton, who removed the mummy of Sit-Ra; in 1989-1990 Donald P. Ryan built a wooden box to hold one mummy]


17 posted on 07/17/2007 6:49:20 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

I always thought those ancient Pharoahs wore really neat hats & hep suits.

(Now that was really a coffin corner punt)


18 posted on 07/17/2007 7:09:58 AM PDT by wildbill
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 13 | View Replies]

http://www.ancientegyptmagazine.com/
http://www.ancientegyptmagazine.com/rosalie_david.htm

“Consultant Editor Professor Rosalie David OBE has achieved world renown for her pioneering work in investigating mummies using non-destructive techniques. She is Director of the KNH Centre for Biological and Forensic Studies in Egyptology at The University of Manchester... Prof David was the former Keeper of Egyptology at the Manchester Museum, and is Director of the International Mummy Database and Director of the Schistosomiasis Investigation Project. Her research work into this disease, a scourge in the ancient as well as the modern world, was recognised recently with a prestigious award from the Anglo-French Medical Society. Prof David is the author of numerous books and articles on mummies and the religious practices of the ancient Egyptians, a presenter of TV and radio programmes, and an extremely popular lecturer all over the world.”


19 posted on 07/17/2007 7:28:37 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: wildbill

Whew. But not a touchback.


20 posted on 07/17/2007 7:29:33 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 18 | View Replies]

Hatshepsut Found; Thutmose I Lost
by Mark Rose
July 15, 2007
So, the pool of contenders for identification as Hatshepsut: KV60A (from the tomb and dubbed "the strong one" for the show), KV 60B (from the nurse's coffin), DB320A (called "the screaming one" because her mouth is open), and DB320B ("the serene one"). Dennis Forbes has pointed out that "the serene one" is in fact Unknown Woman D from KV35, often thought to be the 19th Dynasty queen Tausert. DB320B is often thought to be Tetisheri, matriarch of the 18th Dynasty. And we have Thutmose II and III for comparison, along with "Thutmose I." These all get run through a CT scanner in the museum's basement and that's when the fun begins. Who will be voted off Hatshepsut's Island? Who will be Pharaoh for a Day?

Hatshepsut Found; Thutmose I Lost Hatshepsut Found; Thutmose I Lost
Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, examines a possible royal mummy in KV60, left. Four mummies, one of which might be Hatshepsut's, right. (Discovery Communications)

21 posted on 07/17/2007 8:17:09 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

dead link, from a file:
The Lost Pharaoh
by Gaile Robinson
Friday, Aug. 25, 2006
The story of her ascendancy and eventual disappearance, as well as more than 200 artifacts created during and shortly after her reign, are on exhibit in "Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharoah," which opens Sunday at the Kimbell Art Museum. There are still holes in her story, and new interpretations arise every decade. It is known that she was the daughter of a king, Thutmose I, and that she married her half-brother, Thutmose II, a common practice among Egyptian royal families to ensure the bloodline. Thutmose II became pharaoh and died soon after leaving Hatshepsut and her daughter Neferure, and a secondary wife, Isis, mother of Thutmose III... She could not officially rule, because she was not the king's mother. Hatshepsut crowned herself king (yes, king) to strengthen her claim to the throne. Once she became king, though, she could not step down, not even when Thutmose came of age... Hatshepsut died around 1458 B.C., and 20 years later, Thutmose III began a systematic eradication of all evidence of her as a pharaoh. Images of her as a queen were left intact, but those of Hatshepsut in a short skirt and the double crown were defaced... For quite some time, it was believed this was a retaliatory measure of an angry stepson against an evil stepmother. But recent scholars say that, had that been the case, Thutmose would have not waited almost two decades to begin his assault on her history.
Egypt is trying to show the world its commitment to equality (uh, which doesn't exist).
22 posted on 07/17/2007 8:41:30 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

i was worried it would cause you some ankhst.


23 posted on 07/17/2007 1:32:15 PM PDT by wildbill
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: blam
Not to be confused with the tomb of King Hatshempsut...


24 posted on 07/17/2007 1:54:04 PM PDT by reagan_fanatic (Press 1 for English, press 2 for deport)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: blam

25 posted on 07/17/2007 1:57:16 PM PDT by jpl (Dear Al Gore: it's 3:00 A.M., do you know where your drug addicted son is?)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv
http://www.egyptsites.co.uk/middle/minya/antar.html

in the lengthy text the queen describes the chaos of Hyksos rule and extols the benefits of her own reign and her restoration of the damage they caused...it is possible that the Hyksos may have been used in the text as a metaphor for chaos...

( It would be interesting to read the full text.)

26 posted on 07/17/2007 5:51:53 PM PDT by Fred Nerks (Fair dinkum!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

http://www.basarchive.org/sample/bswbPrintPage.asp?PubID=BSBA&Volume=7&Issue=5&ArticleID=4

This inscription has long been known and was first published in 1880. It is famous because of its reference to Asiatics or the Hyksos invaders of Egypt. No one previous to Professor Goedicke however, has related the inscription to the Exodus.

The inscription was translated by Sir Alan H. Gardiner, the dean of hieroglyphic translators, in an article published in 1946 (“Davies’ copy of the Great Speos Artemidos Inscription,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Vol. 32, p. 43.). Gardiner referred to the inscription as a “difficult text” and concluded his translation with these words: “I cannot refrain from once more stressing the highly speculative nature of my results.”


27 posted on 07/17/2007 6:09:51 PM PDT by Fred Nerks (Fair dinkum!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

http://www.ancientneareast.net/texts/egyptian/speos_artemidos.html

The Speos Artemidos Inscription of Hatshepsut


28 posted on 07/17/2007 6:13:34 PM PDT by Fred Nerks (Fair dinkum!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

http://www.specialtyinterests.net/sheba.html

The Timing and Direction of the Voyage


29 posted on 07/17/2007 7:59:42 PM PDT by Fred Nerks (Fair dinkum!)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: wildbill

It just made me cross. ;’)


30 posted on 07/17/2007 9:40:28 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: Fred Nerks

Thanks!


31 posted on 07/17/2007 9:45:22 PM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 26 | View Replies]

To: redhead

I watched that too. A little bit Hollywood but still very interesting.


32 posted on 07/17/2007 10:14:43 PM PDT by fish hawk (The religion of Darwinism = Monkey Intellect)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 5 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Cross? Cross? That’s outside the bounds. Aswan who learned punt rules on Mummy’s lapiz, I harden my heart and become o so wary of you.


33 posted on 07/18/2007 7:33:48 AM PDT by wildbill
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 30 | View Replies]

To: wildbill

I Thutmose people wouldn’t get that.


34 posted on 07/18/2007 7:55:14 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 33 | View Replies]

To: SunkenCiv

Let my people goyim?


35 posted on 07/18/2007 8:13:09 AM PDT by wildbill
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 34 | View Replies]

To: wildbill

Moses didn’t plague games.


36 posted on 07/18/2007 9:11:46 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Friday the 13th, July 2007. Trisdecaphobia! https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 35 | View Replies]

Pharaoh Hatshepsut Died in Pain
by Rossella Lorenzi
Discovery News
July 2, 2007
Obese, plagued with decayed teeth and perhaps a skin disease, Queen Hatshepsut might have spent her last days in pain... Bald in front but with long hair in back, the mummy shows an overweight woman just over 5 feet tall, who died at about 50... The daughter of Pharaoh Tuthmosis I and wife of Tuthmosis II, her half-brother, Hatshepsut reigned from 1498 to 1483 B.C. as the fifth pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty... When her husband-brother died, Hatshepsut became regent for the boy-king Tuthmosis III, the child of Tuthmosis II and a concubine... Examination of the mummy's mouth and her missing molar, which led to her identification as Hatshepsut, revealed very poor dental hygiene... Obesity and poor oral hygiene suggested to Selim and colleagues that she might have suffered from diabetes... One thing, however, is certain: Hatshepsut had cancer, cancer that had metastasized.

37 posted on 08/02/2007 10:42:46 AM PDT by SunkenCiv (Profile updated Thursday, August 2, 2007. https://secure.freerepublic.com/donate/)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
News/Activism
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson