***Iran, a neutral during the war,***
They sure of this? I read that Iran was allied with the Axis and that is why Stalin invaded and occupied Tehran.
Iraq was pro-Axis and once sent bombers to hit the airport at British occupied Jerusalem.
It’s called “Iran” instead of “Persia” today because the then-Shah was so enamored with Hitler and the Nazis he named his country after the Farsi word for “Aryan.”
Persia was a neutral nation during WW2. There were several factions in the government that were sympathetic towards the Germany, but no more so then Argentina. They did not actually join the Axis, or fight the Allies like the Iraqi rebels did.
However, in 1941, the Soviet Union was reeling from the Axis invasion and desperately needed support in the form of Lend Lease. The northern supply route through Murmansk was just getting started and was very risky. It was decided that a land route through Persia would be of significant value in sending equipment and supplies to the Soviets. The British tried to convince the Persians to join the Allies, but they refused, and said that they were going to remain neutral in this conflict. Thus, in mid 1941, the British and Soviets invaded and the country was occupied for the duration of the war in order to secure its oil fields and a transport corridor to southern Russia.