I wish they’d ask this directly to the MA AG.
The Public Service Commissions of a state generally approve rate hikes for public utilities, so the utilities can’t really just raise prices automatically. However they can ask for rate hikes and effectively factor the fine in there and recoup it over the next year.
So, effectively, the penalty will paid by the people who had the nerve to be inconvenienced in the first place by the power outage. That’ll teach ‘em!