Skip to comments.When You’re Falsely Accused of a Gun Crime – 12 Things You Need to Know
Posted on 11/29/2012 7:30:02 AM PST by marktwain
Until youre accused of a crime, you may be blissfully ignorant of the fact that innocent until proven guilty is a myth. In reality, its the opposite. Michelle Gesse, whose husband lived the nightmare of being falsely accused of a firearms related felony, explains what all Americans need to know now about the criminal justice system.
Boulder, CO (November 2012)The scary part of this story is how easily it could happen to any one of us.
Steven and Michelle Gesse thought that the small dinner party they hosted on the night of April 5, 2009, would be just that: an informal, pleasant gathering of neighbors over good food and good wine.
Instead, it turned out to be the beginning of a nightmarish spiral into a confusing and frightening justice system that in practice, if not in theory, considers you to be guilty until proven innocent.
During dinner that night, my husband, Steven, made an offhand comment that offended one of our guests, recalls Michelle Gesse, author of the new book Bogus Allegations: The Injustice of Guilty Until Proven Innocent (Johnson Books, March 2012, ISBN: 978-1-55566-450-3, $17.95). We were not even aware that she was offended since the remainder of the evening passed pleasantly. But what took place later that night changed the course of our lives forever. Never, in a million years, could we have imagined it could happen to us.
Steven and Michelle were stunned and terrified when the neighbors son, who had also been a guest at the dinner party (and was an active Navy Seal), returned later in the evening threatening Steven and demanding an apology. Thinking, Okay, Ill go over and apologize and be done with it, Steven went next door to try to smooth things over.
Later that night the Gesses were shocked when law enforcement officers arrived at their home in the middle of the night to arrest Steven and search their home. As it turned out, Michelle reports, the son of the offended guest had falsely accused Steven of threatening him with a gun.
Over the next seven months, she would watch helplessly as her innocent husband was treated by the justice system as a criminal whose guilt was already assumed.
Stevens namebut not his accusers!was printed in all the local newspapers in connection with the case, she describes. We were in and out of court, and were forced to spend our retirement money to fund Stevens defense. And as part of the conditions of his bail, Steven had to receive special permission to leave the state, and had to meet regularly with a drug counselor.
He even had to appear for random breathalyzer tests, she adds. While it may not seem like a big deal on the surface, it meant he couldnt even enjoy a glass of wine with dinner and had to be available for the test whenever required. Thats just how deeply this experience insinuated itself into the fabric of our day-to-day lives.
On October 28, 2009, Steven Gesse was found not guilty of Felony Menacing and Prohibited Use of a Weapon by a jury. Yet being exonerated did not make up for the fact that he had been treated like a convicted felon. The unfairness of it all set Michelle Gesse on a mission to shine a spotlight on the injustices of the American justice systemand to make people aware of what to do in case they are ever falsely accused.
Proving that Steven was innocentinnocent!cost us, not Stevens false accuser, so much time, stress, energy, and money, Gesse says. Thats not what I had pictured justice to be before experience taught me otherwise. Now I know, among other things, that you need a committed lawyer and a healthy bank account to beat a completely bum rap.
Of course, few people give much thought to what they should do (and not do) if they are falsely accused. But like the Gesses, prior to their ordeal, you too might have an itll never happen to me attitude. But the truth is, theres no way to know for sure what curveballs life might have in storeand its better to be safe than sorry.
Read on for 12 lessons that Michelle Gesse has learned in the Criminal Justice School of Hard Knocks. Having this information beforehand might make a huge difference if you or a loved one is ever falsely accused of a crime.
Have an arrest plan in place (yes, it could happen to you). Generally, people dont assume that their homes will catch fire. Statistically speaking, its not a likely occurrence. But most people still take out homeowners or renters insurance, just in case. Likewise, though you hope itll never happen, you teach your child to scream and run if accosted by a stranger. Youve probably considered what youd do if someone approached you in a dark parking lot. And depending on where you live, your family may have a wildfire, hurricane, tornado, or earthquake plan in place. In the same way, says Gesse, you should think through and be prepared for a possible arrest.
None of us think something like this could happen to us, but it is possible that at some point in your life you or someone you love may be arrested, she says. It could be your spouse, your child, a relative, or a good friend. What would you do if this happened? Would you be forearmed with any strategy or knowledge, or would you be floundering, completely at the mercy of the system? Believe me, its a good idea to think about what you would do if you were confronted by the police at your own front door, or how you might respond if you received a phone call telling you that a loved one had been arrested. That disaster may have a higher probability than many of those for which you have prepared.
Likewise, it is wise to have the talk with your kids beforehand. This particular talk should be about what they should do if they are ever arrested or interrogated by law enforcement officers, regardless of the reason.
Be the first to call 911. The person to call 911 is always going to be considered the victim, regardless of the circumstances. If you find yourself in any sort of threatening situation, whether its with a family member, friend, coworker, or complete stranger, dont hesitate. Be the first to call 911. While it may not seem right or fair, the first person to call 911 is going to be regarded as the victim, regardless of the facts or the truth.
Even though he was telling a blatant lie, Stevens accuser was treated by law enforcement as the victim since they heard his version of the story first, Gesse recalls. As we learned, once you have been taken into custody, you have been classified as the perpetrator of the crime. The so-called victim will receive support from victims advocates, the press, law enforcement, the community, etc., while you and your family are on your own to clear your name. Trust me, being the first to pick up the phone can save you an unimaginable amount of stress, time, notoriety, and money.
Everyone involved has the right to remain silent. Imagine the following scenario: Your spouse (or any loved one) has just been handcuffed and taken away from your home in a police car. You are out of your league with no idea what is going on, and youre struggling with feelings of anxiety, panic, confusion, and fear. Meanwhile, other officers and detectives have remained at your residence. Your first instinct is to talk to them, to tell them the truth about what happened, and to prove to them that your spouse has done nothing wrong. Dont.
Even if you arent the person being accused of a crime, exercise your right to remain silent! Gesse stresses. Dont talk to anyone without a lawyer present. I shouted that very warning at my husband as the police put him in the squad car, but it never occurred to me that I should follow my own advice as I sat at home with a deputy waiting for the search warrant to arrive. In court I was grilled by the prosecution about what I said and what I didnt say. If Steven had been found guilty because of something Id said, or a fact I hadnt mentioned had put doubt into the jurys minds, I would never have forgiven myself.
Insist on a search warrant, even if you have nothing to hide. Can we search the house? If you know that you have not committed any wrongdoing and have nothing to hide, you may be tempted to answer this question with a yes. The more cooperative I am, the sooner this will be over, you reason. Maybe the officers will even see that Im innocent, and my family will never be bothered again.
Squelch the impulse to be open and helpful, and dont allow anyone to search your house without a warrant, Gesse instructs. Insisting on the warrant was probably the smartest thing I did the night my husband was arrested. As I found out later, it can tell your lawyer what the police were looking for. And if the search wasnt executed properly, having the warrant might make whatever was found ineligible to be introduced as evidence. Remember, its always best to have physical documentation when youre dealing with the criminal justice system.
Realize that the criminal justice system is hard on the innocent. If you have ever watched one of the many television shows or movies thats based around the legal system, you might take it for granted that the law officers, investigators, and prosecutors are going to search for the truth and examine the evidence before prosecuting. According to Gesse, thats Hollywoodreality looks very different.
The criminal justice system in the U.S. is a flow system, she explains. By that, I mean that the system wants to dispose of as many cases as quickly as possible. They do this by negotiating plea bargains. A plea bargain is the quickest and least expensive way for them and for you to end the process. Accepting a plea bargain even to a lesser offense, however, may mean having a criminal record as well as having conditions imposed on you like alcohol testing, community service, or limits on travel. Would you be willing to do that if you knew you were innocent? My husband wasnt willing to make that sort of deal (with my full support), and we ended up paying financially and emotionally for not playing the game the systems way.
Expect to be treated like youre guilty. Again, what you see on TV and what happens in real life are two different things. As Gesse has pointed out, the criminal justice system is focused on prosecution and on garnering guilty verdicts, so dont expect a full-scale Law and Order- or CSI-type investigation. Instead, expect to be prosecuted even if the facts and evidence dont support a guilty verdict.
Unless your case is extremely high-profile, its unlikely that the prosecutor will even review the case file until shortly before the trial, Gesse says. And the prosecutor will proceed even when the supposed victim indicates that he or she prefers to put an end to the proceeding. Meanwhile, you might be forced to live under court-ordered stipulations that resemble nothing so much as parole.
For instance, Steven had to submit to random alcohol testing, had to meet with a drug counselor, couldnt be in proximity to weapons, and couldnt leave Colorado without special permission. Not to mention the fact that we were in and out of court and his name was in the newspaper, while the supposed victim walked free in anonymity! After Steven was acquitted, we practically had to beg the newspaper to run a story announcing that he had been found innocent.
Proving your innocence comes with a very high price tag. Since Steven Gesse did not take the plea bargain he was offered and instead maintained his innocence, he paid a very high price. Proceeding to trial doubled the Gesses legal expenses and made the process last twice as long. In contrast, the false accuser did not have to pay legal fees, and his transportation to and from the trial was covered. And the sad reality is that the Gesses had no recourse to either the individuals or the legal system that falsely accused them and prosecuted them even after Steven was found not guilty.
We do not in any way regret the decision to proceed to trial, Gesse confirms. It was the right decision for us, but many families will not have either the financial or emotional resources to successfully undertake this course of action. You need to know the costs in advance before deciding to go ahead. Yes, I know, it seems incredibly unfaireven unbelievablethat an innocent person would have to spend thousands upon thousands of dollars to prove that he has done nothing illegal. But thats reality.
Getting a lawyer doesnt imply guilt. (In fact, innocent people need the most help!) Chances are, youve seen a TV show in which someone being questioned by the police asks, Do I need a lawyer? And the questioner responds with something like, If youre innocent, why would you need a lawyer? or, Just tell the truth. If you have nothing to hide, you wont need an attorney. Yes, these television personas make it seem like getting representation implies guilt. But if youre ever falsely accused of a crime in real life, youve never needed a lawyer more.
In my opinion, the innocent need legal help even more than the guilty, Gesse says. Think about it this way: You wouldnt travel to a dangerous foreign country without hiring a good guide. And for all intents and purposes, the legal justice system is a dangerous foreign country. As an innocent person, you have no idea whats going on, what to expect, or how to handle the many obstacles that will be thrown in your path. You certainly arent equipped to represent yourself in court. So yes, youll definitely need the help of an experienced professional if you dont want to end up serving time for a crime you didnt commit.
Dont skimp on a lawyer. If you are falsely accused of a crime and decide to proceed to trial, dont skimp on a lawyer. This is not the time to save money. If your finances are tight, shop at discount stores and give up steak and winebut dont look for bargain legal counsel.
If you go to trial, you want the best lawyer you can afford or perhaps one a tad more expensive than you can afford, Gesse asserts. Personally, Id rather go into debt than go to jail for something I didnt do. If you simply cannot afford a lawyer, public defenders are an option. Ill put in the caveat that Im by no means an expert, but my impression is that a public defender will try to dispose of your case by urging you to take a plea bargain offer. Public defenders are overworked and have a lot of cases, so again, theyre probably looking for the easiest and fastest solution.
Youre not as alone as you think you are. If you ever find yourself or a loved one falsely accused of a crime, youll probably feel alone and totally adrift. But keep in mind that more people than you would ever expect have found themselves in this situation. Unfortunately, an unwarranted sense of shame keeps most falsely accused individuals from sharing their stories. Dont be afraid to do your own research on the subject of false accusations or to reach out to others who have been there. You will need to establish your own safety net of a very small number of individuals with whom you can confide.
I have been amazed by the number of people who have told me similar stories about themselves, their family, or friends after Bogus Allegations was published, Gesse shares. These stories include an ex-boyfriend accusing a former girlfriend of a felony in order to get her deported, an ex-wife accusing her former spouse of hiding financial assets, and a teenage girl accusing a young man of inappropriate sexual advances. I promise you, you are not alone. And the advice and experiences of othersespecially during your ordealcan be an invaluable resource.
Be prepared for an emotional roller coaster. If the process of going to trial is financially costly, its every bit as brutal on your emotional reserves. Expect for everyone in the family to feel stress, fear, anger, and exhaustion (just to name a few) on a regular basis. You might cry easily, little things will make you mad, and your sex life will likely suffer. So cut yourself and your loved ones some slack, and be easy on yourselves. This is not the time to go on a diet or start a new job. And dont worryfeeling this way is normal.
The seven months between when my husband was arrested and his trial were more stressful than watching both of my parents die of a fatal disease, Gesse admits. During those periods I could talk to friends. Everyone in my life was supportive. It was socially acceptable to fall apart. I wasnt ashamed that my parents and I were going through the process. And there are plenty of available resources on how to deal with the death of a parent. However, none of that is the case when youre dealing with the wrongful prosecution of a loved one. You can never escape the stress and strain, and there are very few emotional outlets available to you.
Youll find out who your true friends are. If you are wrongfully accused of a crime, youll probably be surprised and saddened by the number of people in your life who dont want to be involved. People whom you had considered to be friends may pull away, become distant, or even refuse to help. Unfortunately, many individuals may feel so awkward even approaching the topic that they avoid it, denying you the support you need so badly. Sadly other friends may assume that since you have been arrested, you are probably guilty.
A neighbor Steven and I had considered to be a very close friend attended the dinner party that sparked our whole nightmare, Gesse recalls. We assumed that of course he would be fully on our side and willing to do whatever was necessary to clear Stevens name. However, this man initially refused to even speak to our lawyer. He and his wife considered the situation to be something between two neighbors and didnt want to get involved. Steven and I were bitterly disappointed by what we saw as abandonment and betrayal. However, I do want to point out that other friends stepped up and went above and beyond the call of duty throughout those long seven months.
I cant stress enough how important it is to know the facts about the criminal justice system, and to think about what you would do if you or someone you love is ever falsely accused, Gesse states. No, it will probably never happen to you. (I sincerely hope it doesnt!) But if you ever find yourself in my familys shoes, youll need all of the knowledge and resources you can possibly get your hands on.
I used to think that the innocent had nothing to fear, she concludes. Now I know that the opposite is true. Our countrys criminal justice system puts the heaviest burden on the defendant whether the accusations are well-founded or not.
About the Author:
Michelle Gesse, author of Bogus Allegations: The Injustice of Guilty Until Proven Innocent, is a native of Chicago, IL. She earned a BS in mathematics from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and completed her MBA at the University of Chicago. She spent 15 years in banking, working for Northern Trust in Chicago and Chase Manhattan in New York. From 1992 to 2011, Michelle successfully owned and ran a manufacturing company in Boulder, CO.
Michelle lives in Boulder, CO, with her husband, Steven. Before the incident described in Bogus Allegations, Michelle and Steven never thought that they would get involved in the criminal justice system.
For more information, please visit www.michellegesse.com.
About the Book:
Bogus Allegations: The Injustice of Guilty Until Proven Innocent (Johnson Books, March 2012, ISBN: 978-1-55566-450-3, $17.95) is available at bookstores nationwide, from major online booksellers, and at www.michellegesse.com.
See the current Dunn and Joran case in Florida as an example.
#13 - It’s probably not a good idea to try to “shoot your way out”.
It's best, ahead of time, to invest in a good digital recorder, and record any conversations which might turn confrontational.
I read the article and didn't see what the offhand comment was. Not strictly relevant to the issue but I'm curious.
I suspect that if you are threatened in your own home by an active navy seal, a call to 911 may be wise.
The only people innocent even though proven guilty are the officially certified victim groups.
I know. The fact that they left out this central fact makes you kind of suspicious of the whole article.
I have always heard,1st one to get an Attny,wins”.
same premise I suppose
I learned a long time ago to keep neighbors as just that neighbors.
To many horror stories about neighborhood parties and get togethers that later produce bad feelings.
If we accept that the accuser lied about the threat, perhaps he lied about being a Navy Seal. I wonder if anyone checked?
How about “dead men tell no tales”?
>>It’s best, ahead of time, to invest in a good digital recorder, and record any conversations which might turn confrontational.
There is a built-in recorder app on iPhones, and I expect Androids would have a similar app. I keep it close to the top left on my home screen. Learn to use the recorder app on your smartphone and/or tablet, if you have one.
It also wouldn’t hurt to learn to email the recording quickly. That way if you lose control of your phone, the recording is still accessible.
I wish they'd stop calling it the criminal justice system. One will not find justice at a court house. One will only find the law and those who are more than willing to manipulate it to serve their own ends.
NEWARK Citizens can hold police accountable in the palms of their hands with Police Tape, a smartphone application from the ACLU of New Jersey that allows people to securely and discreetly record and store interactions with police, as well as provide legal information about citizens rights when interacting with the police. Thanks to the generosity of app developer OpenWatch, the ACLU-NJ is providing Police Tape to the public free of charge.
This app provides an essential tool for police accountability, said ACLU-NJ Executive Director Deborah Jacobs. Too often incidents of serious misconduct go unreported because citizens dont feel that they will be believed. Here, the technology empowers citizens to place a check on police power directly. In light of the frequency of altercations between citizens and seasonal police at the shore, the ACLU-NJ released the App in time for the July 4th holiday.
The Android Police Tape app records video and audio discreetly, disappearing from the screen once the recording begins to prevent any attempt by police to squelch the recording. In addition to keeping a copy on the phone itself, the user can choose to send it to the ACLU-NJ for backup storage and analysis of possible civil liberties violations.
A version awaiting approval from Apple will be available later this summer in the App Store for iOs to audio record encounters with police.
The popularity of cellphones with video capabilities has raised legal questions about the rights of citizens to record in public. Fortunately, the courts have sided with citizens. In May 2012, a federal appeals court struck down an Illinois law that had made it illegal for citizens to record police officers on-duty. Also in May 2012, the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice released a letter affirming the constitutional rights to record the police in public. These two developments came on the heels of a landmark ruling in August 2011, which recognized the right of citizens to record police officers after a Massachusetts man in Boston Common was wrongfully arrested for filming an interaction with a police officer.
Historically, vivid images of police mistreating citizens have seared our public consciousness and in some cases spurred important changes, said ACLU-NJ Policy Counsel Alexander Shalom. Photos and video are critical to ensuring police accountability and police should know that the eyes of the public are on them at all times.
The Police Tape app is available for download at http://www.aclu-nj.org/yourrights/the-app-place/. A how-to video created by the ACLU-NJ shows Lady Liberty as she goes through each step of the app as she records and uploads her own run-in with police. The New York Civil Liberties Union released a similar, New York City-specific app to target stop and frisk searches by the New York Police Department in early June.
If you are threatened in your own home by ANYBODY, taking defensive measures (including a 911 call) may be wise. Going to another person's home, who is pissed off with you, is not wise.
See post 16
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