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High-Tech Transfers To China Continue
Insight Magazine ^ | July 29, 2002 | Zoli Simon

Posted on 07/09/2002 12:41:37 PM PDT by Stand Watch Listen

The Bush administration has been "as bad, if not worse" than the Clinton administration when it comes to the transfer of sensitive technologies to the People's Republic of China (PRC), claims Tom Fitton, president of Judicial Watch, a nonpartisan public-interest law firm. Fitton says the Bush administration even has "relaxed the rules put in place during the Clinton years." Specifically, he tells Insight, the administration has allowed the transfer of "computer technology [whose] only practical purpose is for nuclear-weapon design." Fitton says that from the beginning the administration went "full-speed ahead" with China trade and efforts to get the PRC into the World Trade Organization (WTO), which Fitton tells Insight only gives China more opportunities to modernize its military and "get cash" with which to buy high-tech weapons elsewhere.

While few have gone so far as Fitton with such complaints, criticism of U.S. transfers of sensitive technology to China is growing. Accuracy in Media, another Washington watchdog group, echoes Fitton on computer-technology transfers: "President Bush seems to have no clearer vision of what constitutes a strategically sensitive export than did Clinton. For example, Republicans harshly condemned Clinton for exporting high-performance computers to China, but President Bush has more than doubled the control threshold on these computers despite existing intelligence estimates that demonstrate how China's national security benefits from such acquisitions."

Indeed, in his last days as a lame-duck president Clinton made exports of U.S. supercomputers easier by raising the export threshold from 28,000 millions of theoretical operations per second (MTOPS) to 85,000 MTOPS. Bush raised that limit to 190,000 MTOPS. A General Accounting Office (GAO) official tells Insight that the government hadn't done the necessary pre-export analysis and that an "interagency process" led by the Department of Defense should be in place for export controls.

An April 2002 report by the GAO on computer-chip technology transfers to China claims that the government did not do an adequate analysis of the cumulative national-security effects of chip exports to China either, and that most export applications are simply approved. The policy is to approve applications unless it is shown that the items in question "would make a direct and significant contribution to electronic and antisubmarine warfare, intelligence gathering, power projection and air superiority."

Never mind that, as a Pentagon official told the GAO, these chips can be used to improve China's capabilities for pre-emptive long-range precision strikes, information dominance, command and control and integrated air defense.

Another reason the government got a bad grade from GAO was the fact that the Commerce Department hasn't conducted any end-user checks, so it's unknown if the exported technologies are used for military purposes, though experts guess they are.

Richard Fisher, senior fellow with the Jamestown Foundation, tells Insight: "In general, I give the Bush administration great credit for solidifying the U.S. commitment to defend Taiwan, and to begin to increase U.S. defensive deployments to Asia to counter China's military buildup against Taiwan. However, it has yet to begin the logical extension of these policies: seeking to curtail major weapon-systems sales and dual-use technology sales to the PRC. The Bush administration has many officials who are aware of this threat and who are privately very concerned, but policy has yet to be enunciated."

The administration is known to be full of Cold Warriors, and the Pentagon is led by Donald Rumsfeld, the most hawkish secretary of defense since Caspar Weinberger. Yet Undersecretary of Defense for Policy Doug Feith, in his former role as a private-sector attorney, helped move technology transfers as a lawyer for Loral Space & Communications Ltd., one of the two U.S. companies (the other one being Hughes Electronics Corp.) that contributed to the dramatic improvement of Chinese space-launch and satellite capabilities after large contributions to Clinton Democrats. When contacted by Insight, Feith's office would not address the technology-transfer issue.

Fisher, who is editor of the Jamestown Foundation's fortnightly China Brief, also gives credit where one wouldn't expect it. "For all of its actions that aided the transfer of dual-use technologies that helped PLA [People's Liberation Army] modernization, the Clinton administration did endure a political storm to stop Israel's sale of the advanced PHALCON aerial radar to the PLA. The Bush administration has said little to nothing about Israel's more recent sale of communication satellites to the PRC, which definitely will be used by the PLA, or about the much more serious threat of Russian weapons and military-technology sales to the PRC."

And Fisher also is concerned about the "gradual easing of restrictions" on civilian helicopters. He specifically mentioned the Sikorsky S-92, which Sikorsky wants to sell to China and which, Fisher tells Insight, could be mobilized for military purposes. James Lilley, U.S. ambassador to China in the George H.W. Bush administration and currently a senior fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, tells Insight that ever since he got into government there has been a debate going on about where to draw that "blurred line" between civilian-only and dual-use technologies. When Ronald Reagan came into office, "we did relax sales" to arm China against the Soviet Union, Lilley said. Clinton went "much further," however, and "colluded with the Chinese." There was "no real balance or thoughtfulness" to Clinton's approach, Lilley adds. However, there's "no evidence" of a similar lack of balance in the current Bush administration, Lilley tells Insight.

He also says that pressuring Russia to stop arms sales to China wouldn't work and that, since "this administration has not, will not," name China as an enemy, the kind of wholesale blocking of technology transfers that critics want is unrealistic. Lilley adds that trying to rectify Clinton-era mistakes might be like "clos[ing] the barn door after the horse has fled." As Fisher points out, China already is "becoming self-sufficient" in computer technology.

Gary Schmitt, a former Senate Intelligence Committee staffer and executive director of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board in the Reagan years, tells Insight that while the Bush administration exercises "more care … on a day-to-day level" than the Clinton administration, it's still "on record" supporting the business wing of the GOP on the Export Administration Act (EAA). The original EAA expired in 1994 under the Clinton administration, and was kept alive by executive order. A reauthorization, the Export Administration Act of 2001, has languished in Congress. While the House version of the bill puts more emphasis on national security, the Senate version gives business interests priority, a Capitol Hill source tells Insight. This version would shift the dual-use approval process from the State Department back to the Commerce Department, as in the Clinton days.

As Schmitt, now executive director of the Project for the New American Century, described it, the fight about the EAA has had a small band of Republican senators — including Fred Thompson of Tennessee, Jon Kyl of Arizona, Jesse Helms of North Carolina and Richard Shelby of Alabama — fighting the business wing of the GOP led by Sen. Phil Gramm of Texas. "Most Republicans are as bad as Democrats," Schmitt laments.

The reason the Senate version, pushed by "the embedded bureaucracy" and "business groups," is supported by the Bush administration, the Capitol Hill source tells Insight, is probably that the administration "is not getting both sides of the story." If it had taken a serious look at the issue, its approach might have been different, the source says. After Sept. 11, many on Capitol Hill were hoping that the terrorist attacks would be such a wake-up call that technology transfers would stop. But that remained a vain hope, the source adds.

A Republican national-security analyst with whom Insight spoke insists the Chinese can get cutting-edge military technology, such as information warfare and electromagnetic pulse (EMP) weapons from Russia. This defense analyst expresses concern that China could, using the best of Russian and U.S. technology, one day surpass both the United States and Russia in high-tech weaponry. Finally, he stresses the importance of reclaiming "the moral high ground." As he puts it, "We lost the moral high ground with Clinton" and we can't expect other countries not to proliferate weapons systems and technologies if that's exactly what the United States is doing or allowing to happen.

Peter Huessy from the National Defense University Foundation tells Insight that while the Bush administration has done "a fairly good job" so far on proliferation issues, the most crucial factor at play is time. After "eight years of neglect" by an administration that was concentrating on "spin [and] winning the news cycle," the Bush administration needs time to rectify Clinton-era errors, Huessy says.

As Frank Gaffney, president of the Center for Security Policy, has pointed out: "When American companies pay to launch satellites aboard Chinese rockets, they are directly financing the same entity that builds China's intercontinental ballistic missiles." Huessy tells Insight, however, that the Bush administration already has stopped the U.S. satellite launches in China. This is thanks in large part to a Russian-U.S. joint venture that uses Russian Proton and U.S. Atlas rocket technology to put satellites into orbit.

Henry Sokolski, executive director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), has both praise and criticism for the Bush administration concerning technology transfers to China. He says Undersecretary of State for Arms Control John R. Bolton has "made a point of enforcing nonproliferation sanctions" [see picture profile, July 22]. He credits Bolton with putting a stop to U.S. satellite launches in China. However, the Chinese firms sanctioned by the Bush administration for proliferation activities never made the Commerce Department's dual-use watch list of companies with which U.S. businesses should avoid dealing, Sokolski tells Insight. This might not be the result of conscious policy decisions, he adds, but at best it reveals a "lack of due diligence."

A big problem, says Sokolski, is that we not only are transferring militarily useful end-products, but that we also are giving the Chinese "the tools for them to be able to make their own." A GAO official tells Insight that in addition to technology we are transferring know-how to the Chinese. However, he can't comment in detail because the GAO review on this problem still is ongoing.

Sokolski also points out that a major cause of the China export troubles is the fact that U.S. companies dealing in high-tech satellites, computers and telecommunications not only see a market in China, but a cheap manufacturing base. Hughes and Loral, two of the main culprits, wanted U.S. satellites to be made in China, Sokolski says. This was blocked, thanks in part to Sokolski blowing the lid on the matter.

Most defense experts with whom Insight spoke for this special report agree that the Bush administration has been far better on national-security issues than the Clinton administration, even on technology transfers. As Jack Spencer of the Heritage Foundation points out, however, the best guarantee of U.S. security in the long run is "a democratic China." But then, as Sen. Helms used to put it, "We'd have some ham and eggs — if we had some ham and if we had some eggs."

Zoli Simon is an intern for Insight magazine.

TOPICS: Crime/Corruption; Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events
KEYWORDS: bush; china; chinastuff; clinton; computertechnology; judicialwatch; nuclearweapons; tomfitton
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To: It'salmosttolate
21 posted on 07/15/2002 11:06:45 AM PDT by Stand Watch Listen
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To: rdavis84; Uncle Bill; Prodigal Daughter; Darth Sidious; Thinkin' Gal; Jeremiah Jr; babylonian; ...
Actually, these particular 2sheep DO see the horror ahead and we think you're not referring to us. It is astounding to see ANY Bush-bots remaining. Uncle Bill and Darth called it right.
22 posted on 07/15/2002 11:10:56 AM PDT by 2sheep
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To: 2sheep
"Actually, these particular 2sheep DO see the horror ahead and we think you're not referring to us."

You're right, my apologies :-) But the Greater Number of Sheep refuse to see.

23 posted on 07/15/2002 11:31:13 AM PDT by rdavis84
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To: rdavis84
Truth has a way of meeting a vacuum. People follow blind leaders in government, in church, and everywhere who tell them what they want to hear instead of the truth. When people see something they don't like, they won't post to a thread. I've got some worst case scenarios for what is ahead that would make your hair stand on end, and unfortunately it appears the system is tracking in that direction.
24 posted on 07/15/2002 11:43:46 AM PDT by 2sheep
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To: Registered


Bush Reverts to Satellites for China

Now, for more important news:

Fox News - Tony Snow Interviews Secretary Evans
SNOW: I'm going to throw you a curve ball literally. There's talk of a baseball strike. We've got a president who used to own a baseball team. In the past presidents have gotten involved in labor disputes when they think a lot is at stake. Is it feasible for the president to step in and tell baseball, "Sorry, no strike this year"?

EVANS: Oh, Tony, I don't know about that. But you're right, he loves baseball. He loves baseball. And he loves it because he's a fan of baseball. And he really identifies with baseball fans all across America. And so, you know, what action he'll take with regard to that, I don't know.

SNOW: Would it be conceivable that he might take action?

EVANS: Again, Tony, you know, listen, I know he'll let it be known how much he loves the game of baseball. And how much -- how important he thinks it is as a part of the fabric of America. And how important it is for American families. I mean, there is not anything better in America than going to a night baseball game with your children with no roof on top of the baseball field.

SNOW: Well, that'll come as bad news to people in Minnesota, but most other venues it'll be OK.

Don Evans, thanks for joining us today.

What do you want? More Dead Bodies In Commerce? Vote For Us. Our Sellouts Seem More Compassionate.

25 posted on 07/15/2002 5:27:14 PM PDT by Uncle Bill
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To: 2sheep
When people see something they don't like, they won't post to a thread.Yeah, thus the staggering count of 26 or so posts to this highly important topic. It's not just the mases of sheeple out there, even on FR we have the willfully ignorant.
26 posted on 07/16/2002 5:04:15 AM PDT by ovrtaxt
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To: ovrtaxt; Uncle Bill
>...willfully ignorant.

It is as in the days of the flood. That reminds me of:

2Pe 3:3 Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,
4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.
5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
6 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:
7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

27 posted on 07/16/2002 5:33:46 AM PDT by 2sheep
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To: Stand Watch Listen; It'salmosttolate; rdavis84; 2sheep; Thinkin' Gal; Prodigal Daughter
Esau, Edom, Orion, Russia

Genesis 25:30
And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.

Edom, literally Red.

Malachi 1
1   The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.
2   I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob's brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob,
3   And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness.
4   Whereas Edom saith, We are impoverished, but we will return and build the desolate places; thus saith the LORD of hosts, They shall build, but I will throw down; and they shall call them, The border of wickedness, and, The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever.
5   And your eyes shall see, and ye shall say, The LORD will be magnified from the border of Israel.

We are impoverished, (still hungry)
We will return and build the desolate places (Ancient Babylon, Iraq)

Genesis 27
1   And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I.
2   And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death:
3   Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison...

...38   And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
39   And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above;
40   And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.
41   And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

...when thou shall have the dominion, that thou shall break his yoke from off thy neck.

Job 38
31   Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

Loose the bands of Orion (the hunter)

Revelation 6
3   And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.
4   And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.

3685 Keciyl {kes-eel'}
the same as 03684; TWOT - 1011e; n m
AV - Orion 3, constellation 1; 4
1) constellation, Orion
1a) Orion, the constellation
1b) constellation (general)

Same as 3684

3684 keciyl {kes-eel'}
from 03688; TWOT - 1011c; n m
AV - fool 61, foolish 9; 70
1) fool, stupid fellow, dullard, simpleton, arrogant one

Esau, Edom, Orion, Russia, the Red thread...

28 posted on 07/16/2002 8:09:37 AM PDT by Jeremiah Jr
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To: ovrtaxt; Stand Watch Listen; Red Jones; 2sheep; It'salmosttolate; Uncle Bill
Please count me in as one who cares; NOT a Sheeple. Pray for our President. He's as good as we can get, but the arm-twisting and good 'le boy pressures to go along must be stupendous.

Nations and civilizations will rise and fall, but the real horror is when "even the elect are deceived."

Beware of false prophets everywhere, even, and especially, in the church.

Pray for the Good News to find fertile ground in China, so that the light will influence the darkness in China.

Pray that the light won't go out in America.

29 posted on 07/16/2002 9:00:28 AM PDT by happygrl
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To: Jeremiah Jr; dighton
Edom and Edom, is that like Duke and Duke?

Russian President Vladimir Putin, right, talks with Jordan's King Abdullah II at the Kremlin in Moscow, Tuesday, July 9, 2002. Putin and Abdullah discussed the future of Iraq and efforts to revive the Middle East peace process.(AP Photo/Alexander Natruskin, Pool)


It occurs to me that the best way you hurt rich people is you turn them into poor people. ~ Billy Ray Valentine

30 posted on 07/16/2002 9:13:00 AM PDT by Thinkin' Gal
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To: happygrl; ovrtaxt; Stand Watch Listen; Red Jones; 2sheep; It'salmosttolate; Uncle Bill; ...
Bush wants to resume Clinton’s policy
of military relations with communist PLA
US President George W Bush has told his defence chiefs
to intensify efforts to forge a new military relationship with China, Hong Kong's Sunday Morning Post
reported, quoting sources close to the Bush administration.

Chinese find business opportunities in Afghanistan
An increasing number of Chinese investors are setting up business in war-ravaged Afghanistan, where two-thirds of
commodities on the market are made in China, according to Beijing's ambassador to Kabul, Sun Yuxi.

Red China’s military build-up worries
Pentagon… Communist giant targeting more US cities with nuclear warheads

China's military is engaged in a threatening buildup that includes extending the range of its nuclear missiles and
developing forces to coerce and attack Taiwan, according to a Pentagon report on Chinese military power.

Wall Street financing Red China’s military build-up
China has helped fuel its surging economy and military modernization by raising
billions of dollars in American capital markets, raising serious concerns about the
impact on U.S. national security, according to a Congressional commission.

31 posted on 07/16/2002 9:17:50 AM PDT by It'salmosttolate
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To: happygrl
let not your heart be troubled. Satan will have his new world order, but Jesus will have His first: Matthew 24:14 is set like a lighthouse in the middle of some very dark verses.  "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come."

My theory here is that the 'witness' to all nations is the demonstration of the Holy Sprit and power.

When we see the manifestations of God's presence across the world, when we see Israel embrace her Messiah, when we see EVERY SHRED OF MANMADE CIVILIZATION AND RELIGION SHAKEN TO THE CORE,(has it already started?) and the church flowing in peace and strength, look up. Our redemption draws nigh.

32 posted on 07/16/2002 6:55:16 PM PDT by ovrtaxt
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To: OKCSubmariner
33 posted on 07/20/2002 1:27:42 AM PDT by Uncle Bill
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To: Stand Watch Listen; OKCSubmariner; rightwing2
PRC Arms Itself to Wage War on U.S.
34 posted on 07/21/2002 7:47:45 PM PDT by Uncle Bill
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To: OKCSubmariner
A Fiscal Fracas With the White House - "relations have soured to the point where some lawmakers say privately that the Bush administration either does not understand Congress's role or has no respect for it." - "In my home town, you have a simple approach when someone cheats: You don't do business with them,"
35 posted on 07/21/2002 8:18:35 PM PDT by Uncle Bill
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To: 2sheep
It is difficult to imagine what goes on in the President's head

Perhaps, "I wonder what Shanghai is like in the autumn?"

36 posted on 07/21/2002 8:29:54 PM PDT by Pistias
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To: happygrl; Uncle Bill; Thinkin' Gal
>Pray for our President. He's as good as we can get, but the arm-twisting and good 'le boy pressures to go along must be stupendous.

The Democrats and the Republicans are on the same side.   Bush continues Clinton Agenda.   Here are the good old boys!

We started singing...  Bye Bye, Miss American Pie
Drove my chevy to the levee
But the levee was dry
And them good old boys were drinkin' whiskey and rye
Singin' this'll be the day that I die
This'll be the day that I die
>Nations and civilizations will rise and fall, but the real horror is when "even the elect are deceived."

The elect are not deceived.  If one is deceived, then that one is not one of the elect.  Jesus said most would be deceived and warned to beware of deception more than anything.

Mt 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.

>Beware of false prophets everywhere, even, and especially, in the church.  Pray for the Good News to find fertile ground in China, so that the light will influence the darkness in China.  Pray that the light won't go out in America.

Beware of deception by the elected!  China's intent is not to receive the gospel but to fire their missiles at the America.  The light has already gone out in America.

37 posted on 07/21/2002 10:49:46 PM PDT by 2sheep
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To: 2sheep; OKCSubmariner
Rep. Bob Barr Rips U.S. China Policy
38 posted on 07/22/2002 12:31:28 AM PDT by Uncle Bill
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To: Uncle Bill; Pistias; 2sheep; OKCSubmariner
Bush wants to resume Clinton’s policy of military relations with Red China
The Pentagon is considering steps to intensify military ties with China after indications from Beijing
that it will allow more transparency and access in the relationship, according to U.S. defense officials. (washingtonpost
I did NOT have MILITARY RELATIONS with that country, miss butcher of Bejing
39 posted on 07/23/2002 7:37:21 AM PDT by It'salmosttolate
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To: Publius; MeeknMing; Fred Mertz; ozzymandus; Sabertooth; backhoe; goldilucky; ...
bttt for updates
40 posted on 01/04/2003 1:51:06 AM PST by WatchNKorea
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