Skip to comments.Scientists: Humans the main culprit in global warming
Posted on 12/17/2002 12:58:53 PM PST by new cruelty
- With 2002 on track to be the second-warmest year on record, scientists said Monday they are confident that human activity, rather than a natural variation in Earth's climate, is responsible for the unprecedented warming trend of the past two decades.
Global data from NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies shows that the first 11 months of 2002 averaged 58.37 degrees F, just under the record high of 58.44 degrees set in 1998. Goddard director James Hansen said he is confident that the trend will hold true through the end of this month as well.
The 16 warmest years since record-keeping began in 1880 have all occurred since 1980. Last year was the second-warmest, but now drops to third.
Indeed, studies show that 1998 and 2002 are the two warmest years in the Northern Hemisphere in at least the last 1,000 years, said University of Virginia climatologist Michael Mann.
The estimate is based on both human record-keeping and physical records like ice cores, tree rings and coral, Mann said. A similar estimate has not been made for the Southern Hemisphere due to gaps in available data, he said.
Scientists had thought the record temperatures of the past two decades might be attributable to a natural, temporary warm spell. But the persistent increase in warming has "now taken us to a level that is well outside natural variability," Hansen said. "It is now clear that human (activity) has become dominant over the natural variability."
The human activity chiefly responsible for warming is the emission of carbon dioxide through the burning of fossil fuels like oil, coal and gas, scientists believe. Concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have increased more than 30 percent since the start of the industrial revolution 200 years ago, with most of the increase occurring in the last 50 years.
Some scientists had argued that the warming trend of recent decades was comparable to a period of unusual warmth in the 1930s and 1940s, and thus might be the result primarily of natural fluctuations in Earth's climate. But the record warmth of the 1990s and early 21st century "go well beyond" previous periods of warm temperatures, Hansen said.
The average global temperature for January 2002 was 58.49 degrees, the highest of any January on record. March temperatures were the highest of any March on record. And from April through November, each month was either the second-, third- or fourth-warmest for its month on record.
Some scientists have questioned whether 1998's record warmth can be attributed primarily to global warming since it occurred in an El Nino year. El Nino is a disruption of the ocean-atmosphere system in the tropical Pacific associated with increased rain and warm temperatures around the globe.
But there is no El Nino this year and 2002 temperatures are nearly as high as those of 1998, Mann noted.
"It seems obvious just to the lay person that if we're getting these record breakers almost every year something unusual is going on that doesn't just result from a random rolling of the dice," Mann said. "It suggests we're moving well beyond the envelope of variability of climate that we've seen in the past into levels of warmth that just doesn't happen naturally."
On the Net: Goddard Institute for Space Studies - www.giss.nasa.gov/research/observe/surftemp/
BS! Humans haven't caused things quite like ice ages, of which there have been many.
Last July, NOAA said an El Nino was underway this year. See http://www.intellicast.com/DrDewpoint/Library/1334/
Is Mann ignorant, or is he lying?
This temperature update presents the NASA satellite measurements of monthly temperature anomaliesthe difference between the observed values and the 19791998 mean values. Global satellite measurements are made from a series of orbiting platforms that sense the average temperature in various atmospheric layers. Here, we present the lowest level, which matches nearly perfectly with the mean temperatures measured by weather balloons in the layer between 5,000 and 28,000 feet. The satellite measurements are considered accurate to within 0.01°C and provide more uniform coverage of the entire globe than surface measurements, which tend to concentrate over land.
October 2002: The global average temperature departure was 0.101°C; the Northern Hemisphere temperature departure was -0.111°C; and the Southern Hemisphere departure was 0.312°C.
Below: Monthly satellite temperatures for the Northern Hemisphere (top) and Southern Hemisphere (bottom). Trend lines indicate statistically significant changes only.
There you go! That's where all the heat comes from --- look South, young man!
Warm is better.
Less need for fossil fuels.
Any dimwit knows that volcanic activity controls the climate.
Decrease volcanic activity.......warm up the earth.
Increase activity........dust will block the sunlight........cool the earth.
The "little ice age" after the great Krakatoa explosion proves the point!!
Bullhillary .... want warm ? Let's go take a look at the Jurrasic Period for warm climates.
Yeah. They used to include the computer predictions on the same graphs but I guess the climate-change mafia made them take it off.
Another point: show me 10,000 years of high-quality, refereed, corroborated (more than one source) of temperature data, and then we can begin to have a debate about whether or not there is warming.
70 years or 700 years means nothing. A human liftime means nothing. We are mayflies in terms of the time scales that climate moves in; the height of hubris to think we can extract any meaningful data in even 100 years of data.
Click the first link below for "Junk Science - Harvard and Beyond" as I submitted it to UPI, minutes ago.
Click for latest column on UPI, "Junk Science - Harvard and Beyond" (Not yet on UPI wire, nor FR.)
If we agree with them that there is warming then we can lay them off, their work is done. After spending $100 billion on scientists to detect a 0.1 degree increase enough is enough. I'd rather spend future money on a) what temperature do we want? and b) what technologies can we use to set that temperature? A Luddite approach to our environment is silly. It could be we should be giving tax breaks to factories to produce more CO2, not less.
If it were really on track to break records, they would have waited until January 1 and made a statement about the full year average. Instead, when it was clear it wasn't going to be a record, they effectively threw out a cold month (December) and just pretend that it is apples to apples to compare January through November 2002 to January through December in some other year.
Hansen gets more and more a pure media spin "shill", without any scientific standards, as time goes on...
Good question. Here's the latest from NOAA: Current El Nino.
From that NOAA site: This is a classic El Niño pattern, said retired U.S. Navy Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Ph.D., undersecretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and NOAA administrator.
The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) used Mann's "hockey stick" global temperature reconstruction as the basis of their investigation into climate change. If one assumes a temperature record like Mann's that is relatively flat or slightly declining except for the last 100 years or so, then the only explanation for the last century's rise in temperature becomes the human influence.
Other scientists do not agree with Mann's temperature reconstruction: Temperature Record.
The Little Ice Age was clearly global in its extent. I've been following scientific papers on it for years, and I about fell out of my chair when I saw what the IPCC had used.
"It is now clear that human (activity) has become dominant over the natural variability."
Sure, and I have some ocean front property in Colorado tah sell yah.
This chart shows the monthly temperature changes for the lower troposphere - Earth's atmosphere from the surface to 8 km, or 5 miles up. The temperature in this region is more strongly influenced by oceanic activity, particularly the "El Niño" and "La Niña" phenomena, which originate as changes in oceanic and atmospheric circulations in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The overall trend in the tropospheric data is near zero, being +0.04 C/decade through Feb 2002. Click on the chart to get the numerical data.
Figure 1-1 Global warming
Figure 1-2 Climate of the last 2400 years
Figure 1-3 Climate of the last 12,000 years
Figure 1-4 Climate of the last 100,000 years
Figure 1-5 Climate for the last 420 kyr, from Vostok ice
Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.