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Facts on Who Benefits From Keeping Saddam Hussein In Power
The Heritage Foundation | Feb. 28, 2003 | Unk

Posted on 03/14/2003 1:08:54 PM PST by bruin66

Facts on Who Benefits From Keeping Saddam Hussein In Power by The Heritage Foundation WebMemo #217 February 28, 2003

France
a. According to the CIA World Factbook, France controls over 22.5 percent of Iraq's imports.[1]
French total trade with Iraq under the oil-for-food program is the third largest, totaling $3.1 billion since 1996, according to the United Nations.[2]
In 2001 France became Iraq's largest European trading partner.
b. Roughly 60 French companies do an estimated $1.5 billion in trade with Baghdad annually under the U.N. oil-for-food program.[3]
c. France's largest oil company, Total Fina Elf, has negotiated a deal to develop the Majnoon field in western Iraq. The Majnoon field purportedly contains up to 30 billion barrels of oil.[4]
d. Total Fina Elf also negotiated a deal for future oil exploration in Iraq's Nahr Umar field. Both the Majnoon and Nahr Umar fields are estimated to contain as much as 25 percent of the country's reserves.[5]
e. France's Alcatel company, a major telecom firm, is negotiating a $76 million contract to rehabilitate Iraq's telephone system.[6]
f. From 1981 to 2001, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), France was responsible for over 13 percent of Iraq's arms imports.[7]

Germany
a. Direct trade between Germany and Iraq amounts to about $350 million annually, and another $1 billion is reportedly sold through third parties.[8]
b. It has recently been reported that Saddam Hussein has ordered Iraqi domestic businesses to show preference to German companies as a reward for Germany's "firm positive stand in rejecting the launching of a military attack against Iraq." It was also reported that over 101 German companies were present at the Baghdad Annual exposition.[9]
c. During the 35th Annual Baghdad International Fair in November 2002, a German company signed a contract for $80 million for 5,000 cars and spare parts.[10]
d. In 2002, DaimlerChrysler was awarded over $13 million in contracts for German trucks and spare parts.[11]
e. German officials are investigating a German corporation accused of illegally channeling weapons to Iraq via Jordan. The equipment in question is used for boring the barrels of large cannons and is allegedly intended for Saddam Hussein's Al Fao Supercannon project.[12]

Russia
a. According to the CIA World Factbook, Russia controls roughly 5.8 percent of Iraq's annual imports.[13] Under the U.N. oil-for-food program, Russia's total trade with Iraq was somewhere between $530 million and $1 billion for the six months ending in December of 2001.[14]
b. According to the Russian Ambassador to Iraq, Vladimir Titorenko, new contracts worth another $200 million under the U.N. oil-for-food program are to be signed over the next three months.[15]
c. Soviet-era debt of $7 billion through $8 billion was generated by arms sales to Iraq during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war.
d. Russia's LUKoil negotiated a $4 billion, 23-year contract in 1997 to rehabilitate the 15 billion-barrel West Qurna field in southern Iraq. Work on the oil field was expected to commence upon cancellation of U.N. sanctions on Iraq. The deal is currently on hold.[16]
e. In October 2001, Salvneft, a Russian-Belarus company, negotiated a $52 million service contract to drill at the Tuba field in Southern Iraq.[17]
f. In April 2001, Russia's Zaruezhneft company received a service contract to drill in the Saddam, Kirkuk, and Bai Hassan fields to rehabilitate the fields and reduce water incursion.
g. A future $40 billion Iraqi-Russian economic agreement, reportedly signed in 2002, would allow for extensive oil exploration opportunities throughout western Iraq.[18] The proposal calls for 67 new projects, over a 10-year time frame, to explore and further develop fields in southern Iraq and the Western Desert, including the Suba, Luhais, West Qurna, and Rumaila projects. Additional projects added to the deal include second-phase construction of a pipeline running from southern to northern Iraq, and extensive drilling and gas projects. Work on these projects would commence upon cancellation of sanctions.[19]
h. Russia's Gazprom company over the past few years has signed contracts worth $18 million to repair gas stations in Iraq.[20]
i. The former Soviet Union was the premier supplier of Iraqi arms. From 1981 to 2001, Russia supplied Iraq with 50 percent of its arms.[21]

China
a. According to the CIA World Factbook, China controls roughly 5.8 percent of Iraq's annual imports.[22]
b. China National Oil Company, partnered with China North Industries Corp., negotiated a 22-year-long deal for future oil exploration in the Al Ahdab field in southern Iraq.[23]
c. In recent years, the Chinese Aero-Technology Import-Export Company (CATIC) has been contracted to sell "meteorological satellite" and "surface observation" equipment to Iraq. This contract was approved by the U.N. oil-for-food program.[24]
d. CATIC also won approval from the U.N. in July 2000 to sell $2 million worth of fiber optic cables. This and similar contracts approved were disguised as telecommunications gear. These cables can be used for secure data and communications links between national command and control centers and long-range search radar, targeting radar, and missile-launch units, according to U.S. officials. In addition, China National Electric Wire & Cable and China National Technical Import Telecommunications Equipment Company are believed to have sold Iraq $6 million and $15.5 million worth of communications equipment and other unspecified supplies, respectively.[25]
e. According to a report from SIPRI, from 1981 to 2001, China was the second largest supplier of weapons and arms to Iraq, supplying over 18 percent of Iraq's weapons imports.[26]
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[1] Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook 2002, at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook.
[2] Jon Talton, "French Ideals and Profits in the Iraqi Triangle", The Arizona Republic, February 23, 2003.
[3] Ibid.
[4] Kenneth Katzman, Iraq: Oil-for-Food Program, International Sanctions, and Illicit Trade, Congressional Research Service, September 26, 2002.
[5] Ibid.
[6] Evelyn Iritani, "Hussein's Government Signs Lucrative Contracts, Especially with Nations that Oppose the U.S. Led Effort to Oust the Regime," The Los Angeles Times, November 11, 2002.
[7 ]Information from Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), "Arms Transfers to Iraq, 1981-2001," at http://projects.sipri.se/armstrade/IRQ_IMPORTS_1982-2001.pdf.
[8] David R. Sands, "France, Germany Protect Iraq Ties," The Washington Post, February 20, 2003.
[9] Ibid.
[10] "Africa Analysis-Trade Points Way to Peace", The Financial Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, November 19, 2002.
[11] Faye Bowers, "Driving Forces in War-Wary Nations: The Stances of France, Germany, Russia and China Are Colored by Economic and National Interests," Christian Science Monitor, February 25, 2003.
[12] "Helping Saddam Rearm," The Wall Street Journal, October 11, 2002.
[13] Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook 2002, at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook.
[14] Testimony provided by Ariel Cohen to the House International >Relations Committee, "Russia and the Axis of Evil: Money, Ambition and U.S. Interests," February 26, 2003.
[15] Nelli Sharushkina, "Russia Plays the Field in Iraq-Mixed Signals Worry Baghdad," Energy Intelligence Briefing, February 5, 2003.
[16] Dan Morgan and David B. Ottaway, "In Iraqi War Scenario, Oil Is Key Issue," The Washington Post, September 15, 2002.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Scott Peterson, "Russia's Newest Tie to Iraq: Moscow Is Set to Sign a $40 billion Economic Pact with Baghdad Next Month," Christian Science Monitor, August 20, 2002.
[19] "Mideast Tensions to Delay Iraq Iraqi-Russian Signing," Energy Compass, April 19, 2002.
[20] Dmitry Zhdannikov, "Russian's Grim About Working Under Saddam," The Houston Chronicle, April 14, 2002.
[21] Information from Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), "Arms Transfers to Iraq, 1981-2001," at http://projects.sipri.se/armstrade/IRQ_IMPORTS_1982-2001.pdf.
[22] Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook 2002, at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook.
[23] Trish Saywell, "Oil: The Danger of Deals with Iraq," Far Eastern Economic Review, March 6, 2003
[24] Kenneth R. Timmerman, "Rogues Lending Hand to Saddam," Insight on the News, March 4, 2003.
[25] Ibid.
[26] Information from Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), "Arms Transfers to Iraq, 1981-2001," at http://projects.sipri.se/armstrade/IRQ_IMPORTS_1982-2001.pdf.


TOPICS: Activism/Chapters; Foreign Affairs; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: china; france; germany; iraq; warlist
Know your friends...
1 posted on 03/14/2003 1:08:55 PM PST by bruin66
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To: bruin66
read later
2 posted on 03/14/2003 1:24:08 PM PST by LiteKeeper
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To: bruin66
Geez, talk about connecting the dots!
3 posted on 03/14/2003 1:41:43 PM PST by caisson71
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To: bruin66
OPEC, Russia and Iraq (Moscow Times)

"...The ideal outcome for Russia is exactly the same as that for Saudi Arabia and OPEC, i.e. maintenance of the status quo and the sanctions regime on Iraqi oil. Thus, Russia's opposition to a U.S. invasion of Iraq is completely rational. ...

4 posted on 03/14/2003 1:49:22 PM PST by Shermy
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To: caisson71
Geez, talk about connecting the dots!

You're right. I had never seen it all in one place, before.

5 posted on 03/14/2003 1:53:37 PM PST by bruin66
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To: *war_list
http://www.freerepublic.com/perl/bump-list
6 posted on 03/14/2003 1:58:13 PM PST by Libertarianize the GOP (Ideas have consequences)
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To: bruin66
Sanctions are a joke. They just create a HUGH black market. Seriesly.
7 posted on 03/14/2003 2:17:16 PM PST by slimer
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To: bruin66
China, Russia, France, and Germany should've long ago realized that nothing - especially not their impotent vetos - is going to stop us from taking care of the business at hand, so it's in their best interests to let it happen and hope to get a slice of the Iraqi oil pie after we get through with them. As it stands now, all they're accomplishing by their short-sighted intransigence is alienating the only world superpower and destroying the only institution - the UN - that they perceive is able act as a buffer on that superpower.
8 posted on 03/14/2003 4:25:00 PM PST by Mr. Mojo
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To: bruin66
It'll be nice to see our "friends" and enemies on their knees after this 2nd step of the war on terror is over....
9 posted on 03/14/2003 4:33:35 PM PST by b4its2late (Law not enforced is not law.)
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To: slimer
Seriesly.

LOL!

10 posted on 03/14/2003 4:34:21 PM PST by b4its2late (Law not enforced is not law.)
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To: bruin66
Good post.
11 posted on 03/14/2003 4:42:11 PM PST by pttttt
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To: b4its2late
"It'll be nice to see our "friends" and enemies on their knees after this 2nd step of the war on terror is over...."

Talking about our "friends" -- the French.

Cavuto's parting words tonight were on the French. It was excellent! I wish I could remember it word for word, but it was cutting and to the point. It ended with something about us being ?stupid? to think that France was ever our 'friend.

12 posted on 03/14/2003 5:01:28 PM PST by Exit148
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To: bruin66
Wow....
13 posted on 03/14/2003 5:09:45 PM PST by Tamzee ("Sabotage".... a French word....)
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To: bruin66
BTTT
14 posted on 03/14/2003 5:32:02 PM PST by RAT Patrol
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To: bruin66
WOW!!!Glad the French aren't in it for the money. SARCASM OFF.
15 posted on 03/14/2003 5:35:43 PM PST by LaGrone
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To: bruin66
Iraq reverses Russia oil ban

Guardian UK, 1/21/03 (excerpt)

Iraq has moved to mend bridges with the Kremlin and Russian oil companies after a dispute over a multibillion dollar oilfield threatened to jeopardise Baghdad's relationship with a potentially crucial ally.

In what many will see as an attempt by Saddam Hussein to curry favour with Moscow, Iraq agreed to reverse a decision to cut the Russian oil firm Lukoil out of a deal over the huge West Qurna field.

A contract to develop the field was torn up by Iraq in December. Yesterday the reversal appeared to bear almost immediate fruit with Russian diplomats calling for renewed effort to find a diplomatic solution to the crisis in the Gulf.

16 posted on 03/14/2003 5:38:17 PM PST by P.O.E. (God Bless and keep safe our troops.)
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To: bruin66; ALOHA RONNIE; timestax; Quix
Hillary Rodham Clinton benefits from Saddam Hussein as well.

HRC is scared that a Bush-Administration victory will undermine her chances at winning the presidency in 2004 or 2008.

Never forget... "9-11 should have been ours" wailed the Conspiring Clinton's after September 11!!

17 posted on 03/14/2003 5:47:33 PM PST by Joy Angela
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To: Joy Angela
Why does it say in the CIA world fact book that the US has like 46% of Iraqi exports?
18 posted on 03/14/2003 5:57:43 PM PST by aberham
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To: Joy Angela
Good point.

Such hideous creatures.
19 posted on 03/14/2003 6:13:01 PM PST by Quix (MARCH BIBLE CODES DIGEST LATEST RESEARCH COMPARES WAR AND PEACE VS BIBLE W SURPRISES 4 BOTH SIDES)
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To: bruin66


20 posted on 03/14/2003 6:23:57 PM PST by ppaul
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To: bruin66
Blood for oil is okay... as long as it is Iraqis who bleed so that France can keep their sweetheart oil deals.
21 posted on 03/14/2003 7:09:00 PM PST by Teacher317
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To: Joy Angela; Alamo-Girl; Ragtime Cowgirl; amom; Dec31,1999; Matt Drudge; Carl/NewsMax; flamefront; ..
...WHY did SADDAM kick up his dust so that BILL CLINTON could look Presidential before us on TV during his Impeachment requiring him to suddenly launch on Baghdad..?

...WHY did BILL CLINTON have the FBI fire its lead investigator of the World Trade Center Bombing-1993 just as he was finding its link to Iraq..?

...WHY did TWA Flight 800 just have to be shot down on a Iraqi Holy Day providing the TV Diversion needed to cancel out FBI FileGate CRAIG LIVINGSTONE's scheduled National TV Testimony before the U.S. Senate to name HILLARY for hiring him to get her those FBI Files on Republicans..?

...WHY is BILL CLINTON continuing to tell the world that America should not be No. 1 in the world ...just like he did when he aided HO CHI MINH's Communist Victory over Freedom and us during the Vietnam War..?

...WHY did Friend of BILL CLINTON Communist North Korea just have to start kicking up its dust just as BUSH prepares to bring Democracy to the Middles East..?

The Enemy has always been Within...

and is still armed -&- dangerous.
22 posted on 03/14/2003 7:17:37 PM PST by ALOHA RONNIE (Vet-Battle of IA DRANG-1965 http://www.LZXRay.comon)
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To: All
Why does it say in the CIA world fact book that the US has like 46% of Iraqi exports?
23 posted on 03/14/2003 7:18:47 PM PST by aberham
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To: ALOHA RONNIE
...WHY is BILL CLINTON continuing to tell the world that America should not be No. 1 in the world ...just like he did when he aided HO CHI MINH's Communist Victory over Freedom and us during the Vietnam War..?

...WHY did Friend of BILL CLINTON Communist North Korea just have to start kicking up its dust just as BUSH prepares to bring Democracy to the Middles East..?

The Enemy has always been Within...

and is still armed -&- dangerous.

Add to these VERY important questions,

In TIME OF WAR...

WHY is Hillary Rodham "Do Harm" Clinton
sitting on the Armed Services Committee with access
to Military Secrets???

The Conspiring Clintons
- One in the Senate, One at CBS.

'cause "It Takes a Village to Destroy the US"

24 posted on 03/14/2003 7:44:22 PM PST by Joy Angela
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To: Joy Angela
NEVER FORGET

...Friend of HILLARY...

...WALTER CRONKITE on CBS...

...just destroyed Freedom...

...in a once Free South Vietnam...

...long, long ago.

...It's now OUR turn.

NEVER FORGET
25 posted on 03/14/2003 7:49:49 PM PST by ALOHA RONNIE (Vet-Battle of IA DRANG-1965 http://www.LZXRay.comon)
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To: bruin66
bump-edy bump bump bump (thanks!)
26 posted on 03/14/2003 7:54:51 PM PST by Mad_Tom_Rackham (Let's Roll Already!)
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To: ALOHA RONNIE
...WALTER CRONKITE on CBS...

Did you know Walter Cronkite was the AP Bureau Chief
in Moscow for two years from 1946-1948!

Interesting!

27 posted on 03/14/2003 7:59:10 PM PST by Joy Angela
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To: Joy Angela
Man we Freepers sure know how to point out interesting things. If Uncle Walter was indeed posted to Moscow during that period, all the crapola he has spouted over the yeas falls right into place.

28 posted on 03/14/2003 8:29:27 PM PST by dix ( I sure would hate to be a liberal.)
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To: dix; ALOHA RONNIE
Man we Freepers sure know how to point out interesting things. If Uncle Walter was indeed posted to Moscow during that period, all the crapola he has spouted over the yeas falls right into place.

It's true. A search at www.google.com of the terms, "Walter Cronkite, Moscow" brings it up.

AP Bureau Chief, Moscow, 1946-1948

29 posted on 03/14/2003 8:33:45 PM PST by Joy Angela
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To: ALOHA RONNIE
Bump!
30 posted on 03/14/2003 8:38:38 PM PST by Alamo-Girl
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To: aberham
Why does it say in the CIA world fact book that the US has like 46% of Iraqi exports?

Why would we want to destroy our 46% of anything if it was of any value? IF it is true that we do--so what? We seem to be the only country willing to put principle ahead of money. Something the French, Germans, Chinese, and Russians will never know anything about. The Bolshevik revolution was all about money (the Reds were angry they didn't have any because they were too lazy to work for it)

31 posted on 03/14/2003 8:45:30 PM PST by Auntie Dem (Don't drag your bedroom into my living room.)
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To: aberham
We buy some oil from Iraq via the UN oil-for-food program. Something on the order of 3% or so of the total that we import from other nations.
32 posted on 03/14/2003 8:50:29 PM PST by DaisyCutter
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To: DaisyCutter
You might even go so far as to say Iraq adds to our trade deficit.
33 posted on 03/14/2003 9:05:37 PM PST by pacpam
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To: bonesmccoy; dix; Joy Angela; Alamo-Girl; Matt Drudge; Carl/NewsMax; Judicial Watch; miss print; ...
NEVER FORGET

...2 years ago Friend of HILLARY...

...WALTER CRONKITE...

...called for our Southern States...

...to secede from our Union =

...Against our U.S. Constitution =

.."A Day like all days except...

...YOU ARE THERE..!"

NEVER FORGET
34 posted on 03/14/2003 9:10:33 PM PST by ALOHA RONNIE (Vet-Battle of IA DRANG-1965 http://www.LZXRay.comon)
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To: ALOHA RONNIE
bttt
35 posted on 03/14/2003 9:31:16 PM PST by I'm ALL Right!
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To: Joy Angela
Never forget... "9-11 should have been ours" wailed the Conspiring Clinton's after September 11!!

Yup. Bubba let Bin Laden get away more than once, hoping Bin Laden would strike us while he was still in office. Too bad for you, Bubba, that Osama waited until after you were gone.

And too bad for you too, Osama, that you waited until Bubba was gone and Bush was in the WH.

36 posted on 03/14/2003 10:40:22 PM PST by laz17 (Socialism is the religion of the atheist.)
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To: ppaul
pretty funny map... wrong. but funny. Iranians are Persian not Arab. Turks are from Turkey.... Basically chop everything North and East of Syria and Iraq. Those countries aren't "Arab". Plus it seems to be missing some Arab nations... Morroco... Algeria. Quite a few others.

Point taken tho. Just need to revamp it...
37 posted on 03/15/2003 2:47:16 AM PST by billsux
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To: Joy Angela
A great find, and this explains a lot about Uncle Walter.

It's true. A search at www.google.com of the terms, "Walter Cronkite, Moscow" brings it up.

AP Bureau Chief, Moscow, 1946-1948


38 posted on 03/15/2003 8:57:45 AM PST by Grampa Dave (Stamp out Freepathons! Stop being a Freep Loader! Become a monthly donor!)
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To: billsux
Those countries aren't "Arab".

Okay. Your point is taken.
But every one of those hellholes is considered part of "the Muslim world".

39 posted on 03/15/2003 10:27:19 AM PST by ppaul
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To: Grampa Dave; ALOHA RONNIE
A great find, and this explains a lot about Uncle Walter.


yes, and http://judicialwatch.org is discussing with an EX-CIA chief right now, if it's SAFE with Hillary Clinton on the Senate Armed Services Committee!!


So. Cal. Listen on AM 830 KPLS till 11 (Saturday)

This last call by a FREEPER is HOT, HOT , HOT!!!!!!!
40 posted on 03/15/2003 10:53:20 AM PST by Joy Angela
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To: laz17
Also, 9-11 was supposed to end with a plane crash at the Capitol, leading to total Chaos!!

But the BRAVE people of Flight 93
saved the Day!!

9-11 should have been the beginning of the end,
but instead President Bush soared to the Heavens
on the Wings of Angels that day.

Bill and HIllary Clinton
THE ENEMY IS WITHIN

41 posted on 03/15/2003 10:56:22 AM PST by Joy Angela
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