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WHO LIED TO WHOM? (The Original Seymour Hersh Article About Uranium and Niger That Started It All!)
The New Yorker ^ | March 31, 2003 | Seymour M. Hersh

Posted on 07/14/2003 9:57:21 PM PDT by Dont Mention the War






WHO LIED TO WHOM?

by SEYMOUR M. HERSH

Why did the Administration endorse a forgery about Iraq's nuclear program?

Issue of 2003-03-31
Posted 2003-03-24

Last September 24th, as Congress prepared to vote on the resolution authorizing President George W. Bush to wage war in Iraq, a group of senior intelligence officials, including George Tenet, the Director of Central Intelligence, briefed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Iraq's weapons capability. It was an important presentation for the Bush Administration. Some Democrats were publicly questioning the President's claim that Iraq still possessed weapons of mass destruction which posed an immediate threat to the United States. Just the day before, former Vice-President Al Gore had sharply criticized the Administration's advocacy of preëmptive war, calling it a doctrine that would replace "a world in which states consider themselves subject to law" with "the notion that there is no law but the discretion of the President of the United States." A few Democrats were also considering putting an alternative resolution before Congress.

According to two of those present at the briefing, which was highly classified and took place in the committee's secure hearing room, Tenet declared, as he had done before, that a shipment of high-strength aluminum tubes that was intercepted on its way to Iraq had been meant for the construction of centrifuges that could be used to produce enriched uranium. The suitability of the tubes for that purpose had been disputed, but this time the argument that Iraq had a nuclear program under way was buttressed by a new and striking fact: the C.I.A. had recently received intelligence showing that, between 1999 and 2001, Iraq had attempted to buy five hundred tons of uranium oxide from Niger, one of the world's largest producers. The uranium, known as "yellow cake," can be used to make fuel for nuclear reactors; if processed differently, it can also be enriched to make weapons. Five tons can produce enough weapon-grade uranium for a bomb. (When the C.I.A. spokesman William Harlow was asked for comment, he denied that Tenet had briefed the senators on Niger.)

On the same day, in London, Tony Blair's government made public a dossier containing much of the information that the Senate committee was being given in secret - that Iraq had sought to buy "significant quantities of uranium" from an unnamed African country, "despite having no active civil nuclear power programme that could require it." The allegation attracted immediate attention; a headline in the London Guardian declared, "african gangs offer route to uranium."

Two days later, Secretary of State Colin Powell, appearing before a closed hearing of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, also cited Iraq's attempt to obtain uranium from Niger as evidence of its persistent nuclear ambitions. The testimony from Tenet and Powell helped to mollify the Democrats, and two weeks later the resolution passed overwhelmingly, giving the President a congressional mandate for a military assault on Iraq.

On December 19th, Washington, for the first time, publicly identified Niger as the alleged seller of the nuclear materials, in a State Department position paper that rhetorically asked, "Why is the Iraqi regime hiding their uranium procurement?" (The charge was denied by both Iraq and Niger.) A former high-level intelligence official told me that the information on Niger was judged serious enough to include in the President's Daily Brief, known as the P.D.B., one of the most sensitive intelligence documents in the American system. Its information is supposed to be carefully analyzed, or "scrubbed." Distribution of the two- or three-page early-morning report, which is prepared by the C.I.A., is limited to the President and a few other senior officials. The P.D.B. is not made available, for example, to any members of the Senate or House Intelligence Committees. "I don't think anybody here sees that thing," a State Department analyst told me. "You only know what's in the P.D.B. because it echoes - people talk about it."

President Bush cited the uranium deal, along with the aluminum tubes, in his State of the Union Message, on January 28th, while crediting Britain as the source of the information: "The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa." He commented, "Saddam Hussein has not credibly explained these activities. He clearly has much to hide."

Then the story fell apart. On March 7th, Mohamed ElBaradei, the director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, in Vienna, told the U.N. Security Council that the documents involving the Niger-Iraq uranium sale were fakes. "The I.A.E.A. has concluded, with the concurrence of outside experts, that these documents . . . are in fact not authentic," ElBaradei said.

One senior I.A.E.A. official went further. He told me, "These documents are so bad that I cannot imagine that they came from a serious intelligence agency. It depresses me, given the low quality of the documents, that it was not stopped. At the level it reached, I would have expected more checking."

The I.A.E.A. had first sought the documents last fall, shortly after the British government released its dossier. After months of pleading by the I.A.E.A., the United States turned them over to Jacques Baute, who is the director of the agency's Iraq Nuclear Verification Office.

It took Baute's team only a few hours to determine that the documents were fake. The agency had been given about a half-dozen letters and other communications between officials in Niger and Iraq, many of them written on letterheads of the Niger government. The problems were glaring. One letter, dated October 10, 2000, was signed with the name of Allele Habibou, a Niger Minister of Foreign Affairs and Coöperation, who had been out of office since 1989. Another letter, allegedly from Tandja Mamadou, the President of Niger, had a signature that had obviously been faked and a text with inaccuracies so egregious, the senior I.A.E.A. official said, that "they could be spotted by someone using Google on the Internet."

The large quantity of uranium involved should have been another warning sign. Niger's "yellow cake" comes from two uranium mines controlled by a French company, with its entire output presold to nuclear power companies in France, Japan, and Spain. "Five hundred tons can't be siphoned off without anyone noticing," another I.A.E.A. official told me.

This official told me that the I.A.E.A. has not been able to determine who actually prepared the documents. "It could be someone who intercepted faxes in Israel, or someone at the headquarters of the Niger Foreign Ministry, in Niamey. We just don't know," the official said. "Somebody got old letterheads and signatures, and cut and pasted." Some I.A.E.A. investigators suspected that the inspiration for the documents was a trip that the Iraqi Ambassador to Italy took to several African countries, including Niger, in February, 1999. They also speculated that MI6 - the branch of British intelligence responsible for foreign operations - had become involved, perhaps through contacts in Italy, after the Ambassador's return to Rome.

Baute, according to the I.A.E.A. official, "confronted the United States with the forgery: 'What do you have to say?' They had nothing to say."

ElBaradei's disclosure has not been disputed by any government or intelligence official in Washington or London. Colin Powell, asked about the forgery during a television interview two days after ElBaradei's report, dismissed the subject by saying, "If that issue is resolved, that issue is resolved." A few days later, at a House hearing, he denied that anyone in the United States government had anything to do with the forgery. "It came from other sources," Powell testified. "It was provided in good faith to the inspectors."

The forgery became the object of widespread, and bitter, questions in Europe about the credibility of the United States. But it initially provoked only a few news stories in America, and little sustained questioning about how the White House could endorse such an obvious fake. On March 8th, an American official who had reviewed the documents was quoted in the Washington Post as explaining, simply, "We fell for it."

The Bush Administration's reliance on the Niger documents may, however, have stemmed from more than bureaucratic carelessness or political overreaching. Forged documents and false accusations have been an element in U.S. and British policy toward Iraq at least since the fall of 1997, after an impasse over U.N. inspections. Then as now, the Security Council was divided, with the French, the Russians, and the Chinese telling the United States and the United Kingdom that they were being too tough on the Iraqis. President Bill Clinton, weakened by the impeachment proceedings, hinted of renewed bombing, but, then as now, the British and the Americans were losing the battle for international public opinion. A former Clinton Administration official told me that London had resorted to, among other things, spreading false information about Iraq. The British propaganda program - part of its Information Operations, or I/Ops - was known to a few senior officials in Washington. "I knew that was going on," the former Clinton Administration official said of the British efforts. "We were getting ready for action in Iraq, and we wanted the Brits to prepare."

Over the next year, a former American intelligence officer told me, at least one member of the U.N. inspection team who supported the American and British position arranged for dozens of unverified and unverifiable intelligence reports and tips - data known as inactionable intelligence - to be funnelled to MI6 operatives and quietly passed along to newspapers in London and elsewhere. "It was intelligence that was crap, and that we couldn't move on, but the Brits wanted to plant stories in England and around the world," the former officer said. There was a series of clandestine meetings with MI6, at which documents were provided, as well as quiet meetings, usually at safe houses in the Washington area. The British propaganda scheme eventually became known to some members of the U.N. inspection team. "I knew a bit," one official still on duty at U.N. headquarters acknowledged last week, "but I was never officially told about it."

None of the past and present officials I spoke with were able to categorically state that the fake Niger documents were created or instigated by the same propaganda office in MI6 that had been part of the anti-Iraq propaganda wars in the late nineteen-nineties. (An MI6 intelligence source declined to comment.) Press reports in the United States and elsewhere have suggested other possible sources: the Iraqi exile community, the Italians, the French. What is generally agreed upon, a congressional intelligence-committee staff member told me, is that the Niger documents were initially circulated by the British - President Bush said as much in his State of the Union speech - and that "the Brits placed more stock in them than we did." It is also clear, as the former high-level intelligence official told me, that "something as bizarre as Niger raises suspicions everywhere."

What went wrong? Did a poorly conceived propaganda effort by British intelligence, whose practices had been known for years to senior American officials, manage to move, without significant challenge, through the top layers of the American intelligence community and into the most sacrosanct of Presidential briefings? Who permitted it to go into the President's State of the Union speech? Was the message - the threat posed by Iraq - more important than the integrity of the intelligence-vetting process? Was the Administration lying to itself? Or did it deliberately give Congress and the public what it knew to be bad information?

Asked to respond, Harlow, the C.I.A. spokesman, said that the agency had not obtained the actual documents until early this year, after the President's State of the Union speech and after the congressional briefings, and therefore had been unable to evaluate them in a timely manner. Harlow refused to respond to questions about the role of Britain's MI6. Harlow's statement does not, of course, explain why the agency left the job of exposing the embarrassing forgery to the I.A.E.A. It puts the C.I.A. in an unfortunate position: it is, essentially, copping a plea of incompetence.

The chance for American intelligence to challenge the documents came as the Administration debated whether to pass them on to ElBaradei. The former high-level intelligence official told me that some senior C.I.A. officials were aware that the documents weren't trustworthy. "It's not a question as to whether they were marginal. They can't be 'sort of' bad, or 'sort of' ambiguous. They knew it was a fraud - it was useless. Everybody bit their tongue and said, 'Wouldn't it be great if the Secretary of State said this?' The Secretary of State never saw the documents." He added, "He's absolutely apoplectic about it." (A State Department spokesman was unable to comment.) A former intelligence officer told me that some questions about the authenticity of the Niger documents were raised inside the government by analysts at the Department of Energy and the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research. However, these warnings were not heeded.

"Somebody deliberately let something false get in there," the former high-level intelligence official added. "It could not have gotten into the system without the agency being involved. Therefore it was an internal intention. Someone set someone up." (The White House declined to comment.)

Washington's case that the Iraqi regime had failed to meet its obligation to give up weapons of mass destruction was, of course, based on much more than a few documents of questionable provenance from a small African nation. But George W. Bush's war against Iraq has created enormous anxiety throughout the world - in part because one side is a superpower and the other is not. It can't help the President's case, or his international standing, when his advisers brief him with falsehoods, whether by design or by mistake.

On March 14th, Senator Jay Rockefeller, of West Virginia, the senior Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, formally asked Robert Mueller, the F.B.I. director, to investigate the forged documents. Rockefeller had voted for the resolution authorizing force last fall. Now he wrote to Mueller, "There is a possibility that the fabrication of these documents may be part of a larger deception campaign aimed at manipulating public opinion and foreign policy regarding Iraq." He urged the F.B.I. to ascertain the source of the documents, the skill-level of the forgery, the motives of those responsible, and "why the intelligence community did not recognize the documents were fabricated." A Rockefeller aide told me that the F.B.I. had promised to look into it. 



TOPICS: Foreign Affairs; Front Page News; Government; News/Current Events; Politics/Elections; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: 16words; bush; bushdoctrineunfold; cia; hersh; intelligence; iraq; josephwilson; mediabias; mediaspin; niger; nigerflap; ratspin; seymourhersh; sixteenwords; syhersh; thenewyorker; uranium; warlist; yellowcake
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This seems to have been the first "mainstream" media attack on the Bush Administration regarding the Sixteen Words. I post it both for the sake of historical preservation, and in the hopes that someone here may be able to use the data within to trace how the RATS and the rest of the news media twisted and distorted he truth to create the giant nonevent that has the whole press corps salivating today.
1 posted on 07/14/2003 9:57:22 PM PDT by Dont Mention the War
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To: All
USO Canteen A Few of FRs Finest Freeper Foxhole VetsCoR A Day in the Life of President Bush Pray for President Bush The Guild The Poetry Branch

What would you do without YOUR favorite thread ? Please Contribute

2 posted on 07/14/2003 9:59:08 PM PDT by Support Free Republic (Your support keeps Free Republic going strong!)
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To: seamole; William McKinley
ping
3 posted on 07/14/2003 9:59:46 PM PDT by Dont Mention the War
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To: Dont Mention the War
Who lied to the President? That is what I want to know. He should ask for their head on a platter.
4 posted on 07/14/2003 10:02:31 PM PDT by GranpaVet
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To: MizSterious; MJY1288
My head is FULL of this stuff.
5 posted on 07/14/2003 10:03:49 PM PDT by Howlin
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To: Howlin
I know what you mean.
6 posted on 07/14/2003 10:08:15 PM PDT by Iowa Granny (Well behaved women seldom make history)
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To: Iowa Granny
I most definitely need the Cliff Notes.
7 posted on 07/14/2003 10:10:42 PM PDT by Howlin
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To: Dont Mention the War
So 16-words were required to make 17 UN resolutions enforceable and the subsequent removal of a man who was involved with murder, toture, rape and known use of WMD happen.

In eight years of the Clinton Presidency, we endured lie after lie from Clinton, his lawyer wife, and the entire political party they represented in tow.

Interestingly enough, approximately 38% of the Americans polled on this issue think it is a important issue, about the same amount consistently shown by all polls to be against Bush no matter....

One untruth uttered by a man whose complete tenure as president is marked by nothing but dignity, honor and restraint towards his political rivals - this may well change and the democrats understand that they will have underestimated this President when he uses the tools at his disposal that the Clintons wielded daily against democrats. It is not like a president has not already been made by the Clinton Administration for dirty tricks against rivals.

8 posted on 07/14/2003 10:13:18 PM PDT by Jumper
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To: Howlin
Cliff Notes will not help me tonite.

As I recall, Cliff Notes didn't really help me when I depended on them.
9 posted on 07/14/2003 10:16:41 PM PDT by Iowa Granny (Well behaved women seldom make history)
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To: Dont Mention the War
This isn't going to last into August. Remember all the other "potential Watergates" they have dreamed up. This one is just as short-lived. A year ago it was "Bush knew about Sept. 11th". That one disappeared, as they ALL have.
10 posted on 07/14/2003 10:18:00 PM PDT by BonnieJ
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To: Dont Mention the War; *Bush Doctrine Unfold; *war_list; W.O.T.; Dog Gone; Grampa Dave; blam; ...
Thanks for posting this!

This has really turned into a feeding frenzy for the media!

Bush Doctrine Unfolds :

To find all articles tagged or indexed using Bush Doctrine Unfold , click below:
  click here >>> Bush Doctrine Unfold <<< click here  
(To view all FR Bump Lists, click here)



11 posted on 07/14/2003 10:38:04 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach (Recall Gray Davis and then start on the other Democrats)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach; backhoe; MizSterious; William McKinley
Is there a ping list or archive JUST for these Uranium threads???
12 posted on 07/14/2003 10:39:42 PM PDT by Howlin
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To: Dont Mention the War
Thanks for posting this. It will serve as a thread to gather data on this incredible scam.
13 posted on 07/14/2003 10:54:53 PM PDT by Grampa Dave (Reach out and pound the liberals daily! Become a $/day donor to Free Republic!)
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To: Dont Mention the War
The left is going to push this thing, wasting their resources, and at the end of the day, most people will say "So what?" They tried to make something of Iran-Contra and the putative "October Surprise", and in the end it amounted to a great deal of nothing.
14 posted on 07/14/2003 11:00:51 PM PDT by 185JHP ( Penumbras. Emanations. Fatuities.)
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To: Jumper
This is the reality inspite of a total attemp to electronically lynch our president by the left and their cohorts claiming to be conservatives as you posted:

Interestingly enough, approximately 38% of the Americans polled on this issue think it is a important issue, about the same amount consistently shown by all polls to be against Bush no matter....

15 posted on 07/14/2003 11:11:53 PM PDT by Grampa Dave (Reach out and pound the liberals daily! Become a $/day donor to Free Republic!)
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To: Howlin; seamole; Lion's Cub; Libertarianize the GOP; Free the USA; Fish out of Water; backhoe; ...
I rolled thru the list to see if we had a good category but nothing seemed good to me. I have been using the Bush Doctrine since all this media firestorm was about Bush and the Premption Doctrine etc!

but I'll ask the others playing librarians.

16 posted on 07/14/2003 11:21:21 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach (Recall Gray Davis and then start on the other Democrats)
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To: Jumper
Good post except that this is not an untruth from the President. There was absolutely nothing untruthful in that sentence he uttered during his speech, not one word. If the media/rats (one in the same) keep this up, they will end up the fools before it is over. President Bush did not lie, and what we did in Iraq and are still doing there was justified, needed, and none of the rest of the frigging worlds business. It does however, appear that someone set up the President. This is no mistake on anyone's part. This is like how Gore had the phone banks set up in Florida before the election.
17 posted on 07/14/2003 11:22:01 PM PDT by ladyinred (The left have blood on their hands.)
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To: Howlin
My head is FULL of this stuff.

Me too,on some of this I just wanna go, HUH?

18 posted on 07/14/2003 11:22:47 PM PDT by ladyinred (The left have blood on their hands.)
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To: Howlin
If enough folks agreed on a keyword, the articles could be tied together that way.
19 posted on 07/14/2003 11:22:55 PM PDT by Ernest_at_the_Beach (Recall Gray Davis and then start on the other Democrats)
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To: ladyinred
Yes, correct. I beleive the President and not his 38% democrat detractors who will move on to another issue to attack with once this passes!
20 posted on 07/14/2003 11:25:52 PM PDT by Jumper
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To: GranpaVet
New guy, huh? ANd a self identified "GranpaVet" and I think you are a partisan hack. Don't think you"re fooling anybody, next time come on here as Shill for the Democrats!
21 posted on 07/14/2003 11:32:27 PM PDT by faithincowboys
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To: Dont Mention the War
Nonsense!

1. The forgeries were released into the intelligence community by the French, according to the Washington Post. They came from or through FRANCE, not the UK!

2. MI6 says that they had not even seen the forged documents when they made their intelligence report to the US on Niger. Their intelligence came from other sources, and they stand by them.

22 posted on 07/15/2003 12:39:28 AM PDT by FreedomFlyer
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To: FreedomFlyer
BTT
23 posted on 07/15/2003 12:42:41 AM PDT by nopardons
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To: BonnieJ
This isn't going to last into August. Correct. I think it goes away when we send troops to Liberia. Wag the dog? Who knows, but the UN wants us there, and UN approval is the lefties big thing, right?
24 posted on 07/15/2003 12:42:49 AM PDT by squidly
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Comment #25 Removed by Moderator

To: Dont Mention the War
NIS Nuclear Trafficking Database: What's New


11 June 2003 Update:
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
21 May 2003: Europium Thieves Arrested in Kazakhstan
8 May 2003: Orphaned Cesium-137 Sources Found in Tbilisi, Georgia
8 May 2003: Slightly Radioactive Cargo Seized, Released in Komi Republic, Russia
21 April 2003: Radioactive Container Seized in Kaliningrad, Russia
14 February 2003: Suspects with Radioactive Material Arrested in Odessa, Ukraine
Other items in this release:
23 May 2003: Professor Claims Greece is "Crossroads" of Nuclear Trafficking
15 May 2003: Russian Minister of Atomic Energy Minimizes Threat of Nuclear Materials Theft
8 May 2003 Update:
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
5 May 2003: Radioactive Container Discovered in Magadan Oblast, Russia
17 April 2003: Stolen RTG Recovered in Leningrad Oblast, Russia
16 April 2003: Radiation Sources Found at Destroyed Grozny Chemical Plant
Other items in this release:
21 January 2003: Chornobyl NPP Management Denies Theft Charges
15 April 2003 Update:
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
4 April 2003: Cesium-137 Seized in Akhtubinsk, Russia
2 March 2003: Osmium-187 Seized in Omsk, Russia
12 March 2003: "Radioactive" Mercury Seized in Tajikistan
26 February 2003: Radioactive Equipment Found in Bashkortostan, Russia
17 February 2003: Radioactive Cesium Missing from Georgian Military Base
13 February 2003: Cesium Peddlers Arrested in Belarus
12 February 2003: Radioactive Container Seized on Belarusian-Polish Border
17 January 2003: Radioactive Cargo Turned Back at Kazakhstani-Chinese Border
20 December 2002:Paper Alleges Uranium Theft from Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrate Plant
3 October 2003: Radioactive Cesium, Cadmium Found in Chita Oblast, Russia (updated)
Other items in this release:
25 March 2003: Trial of Accused HEU Smugglers Opens in Paris, France
21 March 2003: Central Asian Customs Officials Receive Countersmuggling Training in United States
13 March 2003: International Conference Discusses Security of Radiation Sources
13 March 2003: Minister of Atomic Energy Rumyantsev Announces Antiterrorism Measures
13 March 2003: Russia Takes Steps to Account for Radiation Sources
21 February 2003: Gosatomnadzor Official Admits "Two or Three" Attempted Nuclear Material Thefts in 2002
5 February 2003: Minister of Atomic Energy Says All Stolen Nuclear Material Recovered
30 January 2003: Russian General Says Chechen Rebels Still Hope to Steal Nuclear Warheads
19 January 2003: Kazakhstan Reports Data on Illicit Trade Activity in 2002
15 January 2003: Report Alleges Soviet Atomic Demolition Munitions Placed in United States
14 January 2003: Russian Environmentalist Says Russia Vulnerable to Nuclear Terrorism
14 January 2003: Minatom Official Says Chechen Rebels Cannot Build Nuclear Weapons
25 December 2002: Article Analyzes Illicit Radioisotope Trafficking in Russia
4 February 2003 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
30 January 2003: Uranium Dioxide Found on Moscow Street
9 January 2003: Europium Stolen from Kyrgyzstani Factory
10 December 2002: Unidentified Radioactive Material Reported Stolen from Sosny Institute, Belarus
5 December 2002: Cobalt-60 Peddlers Arrested in Tver Oblast, Russia
5 November 2002: Radioactive Scrap Metal Found in Volgograd, Russia
22 October 2002: Radioactive Scrap Seized on Kazakhstani-Chinese Border
18 September 2002: Radioactive Material Seized in Krasnodar Kray, Russia
23 May 2002: Uranium and Cesium Siezed in Poltava Oblast, Ukraine
Other items in this release:
18 December 2002: Joint Abkhaz-Georgian Committee to Examine Radiation Security
7 December 2002: U.S. To Help Equip Kazakhstani Border Posts
5 November 2002: Tatarstan Case Involving Radioactive Scrap Dismissed
1 November 2002:  Russian Paper Analyzes Threat of Nuclear Terrorism
Summer 2002: Joint Abkhaz-Georgian Proposals on Radwaste Safety and Security
20 December 2002 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
6 December 2002: Suspects in December 2001 Seizure of LEU in Balashika, Russia, Tried, Convicted
5 December 2002: Cesium-137 Stolen from Bulgarian Factory
21 November 2002: Radioactive Container Found in Samara, Russia
29 October 2002: Cesium-137 Thieves in Sukhumi, Georgia (Abkhazia) Exposed to Radiation
27 March 2002: Radioactive Containers Found in Ust-Kamenogorsk, Kazakhstan
15 October 2002: Radioactive Material Seized on Russian-Azerbaijani Border (updated)
17 April 2001: Bulgarian Police Seize Radioactive Sphere
Other items in this release:
30 November 2002: Russia to Install Radiation Monitors at All Border Posts during 2003
11 November 2002: Soviet Research Project Abandoned Thousands of Radiation Sources
14 October 2002: Gosatomnadzor Official Admits Thefts of Nuclear Material in Past Decade
3 October 2002: IAEA Conducts Countersmuggling Training in Vladivostok, Russia
1 July 2002: IAEA Finds No Additional RTGs in Georgia
10 November 2001: Security Increased at Russian Nuclear Facilities
18 November 2002 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
15 October 2002: Chechen Resident Arrested on Russian-Azerbaijani Border for Smuggling Radiation Source
3 October 2002: Radiation Source Discovered in Chita Oblast, Russia
9 October 2002: Paperwork Dispute Leads to Seizure of 27 t of LEU by Russian Customs
30 September 2002: Radioactive Sand Seized on Kazakhstani-Chinese Border
20 September 2002: Russian Attempting to Sell Strontium-90 Arrested in Ukraine
21 September 2002: Russian Arrested in Ukraine for Peddling Uranium
18 September 2002: Cesium Seized in Almaty, Kazakhstan
17 September 2002: LEU Seized in Minsk in January 2002 Probably Stolen from Chernobyl NPP
6 September 2002: Cesium Source Found in Petrozavodsk, Russia.
4 September 2002: Children Found Playing with Radiation Source in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia
22 May 2002: Belarusian Arrested in Moscow While Peddling Radioactive Material
16 May 2002: Bulgarian Police Arrest Two for Possession of "Plutonium Sensors"
Other items in this release:
27 October 2002: Media Reports Claim Osmium Smuggling Threatens Russia
9 October 2002: Ukrainian Institute Denies Possible Sale of Uranium
12 September 2002: Ukrainian Communist Parliamentarian Claims 200 Former Soviet Nuclear Warheads Unaccounted For
11 September 2002: Communist Russian Duma Deputy Claims Osmium Smuggling a Proliferation Threat
28 August 2002: Finnish Security Police Probe Possible Nuclear Smuggling
8 October 2002 Update
Reported Thefts and Seizures in this release:
1 October 2002: Material Seized in Sunliurfa, Turkey not Uranium
25 August 2002: Cesium-137 Source Found in Dagestan, Russia
11 July 2002: Suspected Paris HEU Smuggler Arrested in Portugal
19 July 2002: British Paper Alleges Plutonium Theft at Volgodonsk NPP
4 July 2002: Cesium-137 Seized in Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
10 June 2002: LEU Seized in Izhevsk, Russia
1 June 2002: Cesium Seized in Lithuania not Radioactive
21 May 2002: Cesium-137 Stolen from Belarusian Cement Plant
23 April 2002: Cesium-137 Stolen from Ukrainian Sugar Factory
9 April 2002: Radiation Source Seized in Kazakhstan
31 January 2002: Russian Customs Intercepts Contaminated Cargo
May 2001:  Navy Accused of Violating Spent Fuel Transport Regulations
21 November 2001: Russian Nuclear Regulatory Official Reveals Nuclear Material Accounting Discrepancy
Other items in this release:
4 September 2002: Russian Ministry of Defense Says Nuclear Warheads Secure
14 August 2002: Kazakhstan to Tighten Radiation Monitoring at Borders
7 August 2002: Uzbekistan Tightens Radiation Monitoring at Borders
1 August 2002: Article Analyzes Threat of Nuclear Smuggling in Turkey
29 June 2002: Abkhaz, Georgian Officials Disagree about Missing HEU
23 April 2002: Russia Tightens Antismuggling Laws
19 February 2002: Lithuanian Court Confirms Russian Ownership of Beryllium Seized in 1993
5 February 2002: Radiation Detectors Installed on Lithuanian-Belarusian Border
1 May 2002 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
4 April 2002: IAEA Recovers Soviet-Made Cobalt-60 Source from Kabul Hospital
4 April 2002: Lithuanian Troops Recover Part of Stolen Nuclear Fuel Assembly near Ignalina
3 April 2002: Russian Customs Agents Find Radiation Source at Leningrad Checkpoint
3 April 2002: Cesium-137 Sources Discovered in Groznyy
27 March 2002: Tajikistani Authorities Arrest Four, Recover 2kg Natural Uranium Stolen from Vostokredmet
26 March 2002: Iran Covertly Mining Uranium in Azerbaijan, Baku Newspaper Reports
18 March 2002: Thorium-232 Seized on Russia-Kazakhstan Border
16 March 2002: Lithuanian Officials Recover Uranium Stolen from Ignalina in 1992
11 March 2002: Kazakhstani Officials Confiscate 1.5kg Uranium Oxide, Heroin
6 March 2002: Belarusian Police Seize Weapons, Radioactive Materials from Crime Ring
20 February 2002: Radiation Source Discovered at Georgian Port
14 February 2002: Two Krypton-85 Sources Stolen in Smolensk Oblast
12 February 2002: Cesium-137 Source Discovered in Zestafoni, Georgia
4 February 2002: Contaminated Metal Seized from Train Car on Russia-China Border
31 January 2002: Radioactive Medical Waste Delivered to Moscow Refuse Plant
27 January 2002: Turkish Police Seize Two Grams of “Red Mercury” from Russian Couple
15 January 2002: Radiothermal Generators Containing Strontium-90 Discovered in Liya, Georgia (Updated)
28 December 2001: Osmium Seized in Russia (Updated)
22 December 2001: Georgia Arrests Uranium Smuggler
31 October 2001: Cesium-137 Container Stolen from Ore-enriching Plant
15 October 2001: Plutonium Seized from Tbilisi Apartments
29 September 2001: Cesium Stolen, Radioactive Isotope Warheads Reportedly Unsecured in Moldova
Other Items in This release:
18 March 2002: Radiothermal Generators in NIS Uncontrolled, Unprotected
19 February 2002: Russian Physicist Rules out Theft of Weapons-Grade Nuclear Materials
5 February 2002: Radiation Detection Equipment Installed at Turkish Border Crossing
1 February 2002: U.S. National Intelligence Council Issues Report on Security of Russian Nuclear Weapons and Materials
18 January 2002: Bulgaria to Take Measures against Trafficking in Nuclear Material
24 December 2001: Uzbekistan to Produce Radiation Monitoring Equipment
11 December 2001: DOE Antes up $1.2 Million for IAEA to Combat Nuclear Terrorism
1 November 2001: Threat from ‘Dirty’ Bomb Analyzed

22 February 2002 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
17 January 2002: Belarusian Police Arrest Uranium Smugglers
17 January 2002: Suspect Selling Strontium-90 Arrested in Minsk, Belarus
15 January 2002: Radiothermal Generators Containing Strontium-90 Discovered in Liya, Georgia
28 December 2001: Osmium Peddlers Arrested in Moscow, Russia
18 December 2001: Cobalt-60 Traffickers Arrested in Yekaterinburg, Russia
4 December 2001: LEU Peddlers Arrested in Balashika, Russia
21 October 2001: Uranium Seized in Paris in July 2001 Reportedly from NIS (update)
30 August 2001: Workers at Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrate Plant Arrested for Zirconium Theft
29 August 2001: Zirconium Shipment Seized in Belarus
23 September 2000: Radioactive Scrap Seized on Russian-Chinese Border
29 August 2000: Russian Nuclear Regulatory Agency Reports May 2000 Seizure of HEU in Elektrostal, Russia
30 June 2000: Instruments Containing Cesium-137 and Americium-241 Stolen in Raichikhinsk, Russia
Other Items in This Release:
9 January 2002: Georgian Minister Says Former Russian Military Base Must be Searched for Orphaned Radiation Sources
22 October 2001: Ukraine and United States Sign Export and Border Control Agreement
4 October 2001: IAEA Outlines Program to Combat Nuclear Smuggling
2 October 2001: Radiation Monitors Installed at Uzbekistani Border Crossings
25 September 2001: Physics Conference in Uzbekistan Discusses Combatting Illicit Trafficking
1 June 2001: Radiation Monitors Tested on Austrian-Hungarian Border
1 June 2001: Journal Article Assesses Threat of Nuclear Trafficking
17 January 2002 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
13 September 2001: Cesium-137 Seized from Car in Nalchik, Russia
30 August 2001: Osmium-187 Seized, Thieves Arrested in Istanbul, Turkey
30 August 2001: Radioactive Object Found in Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast, Russia
26 August 2001: Uranium Seized from Villager in West Bengal, India
24 August 2001: Cesium-137 Found on Vaziani Military Base, Georgia
1 June 2001: Plutonium Source Reported Seized in Liepaja, Latvia
1 June 2001: Plutonium Source Reported Seized in Kara-Balta, Kyrgyzstan
Other items in this release:
29 August 2001: Kazakhstani President Warns of Terrorist Nuclear Threat
28 August 2001: NIS Border Officials Trained in US to Combat Nuclear Materials Smuggling
15 September 2001 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
23 August 2001: Cesium-137 Stolen in Vologda Oblast, Russia
24 July 2001: LEU Seized in Batumi, Georgia
23 July 2001: 5g HEU Seized in Paris, France
18 July 2001: Radiation Source Stolen in Orenburg Oblast, Russia
9 June 2001: Radiation Source Found in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia
Other Items in this release:
18 July 2001: Lithuanian Convicted in US of Attempted Sale of Tactical Nuclear Weapons Deported to Lithuania
1 June 2001: Radium Traffickers Trial Begins in Novosibirsk, Russia
21 May 2001: Russian Customs Officials Discuss Nuclear Smuggling Threat
21 May 2001: Physicist Discusses HEU Missing from Research Institute in Sukhumi, Georgia
23 July 2001 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
16 May 2001: Radiation Source Found in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
14 May 2001: Radioactive Materials Found in Moscow Apartment
7 May 2001: Kazakhstani Customs Detains Truck with Radiocative Cargo
28 April 2001: Russian Naval Officers Arrested for Selling Radioactive Instruments
27 April 2001: Radioactive Metal Rods Discovered in Vladivostok, Russia
18 April 2001: Turkish Police Arrest Osmium Traffickers
11 April 2001: Radiation Source Stolen from Plant in Mykolayiv, Ukraine
6 April 2001: Radioactive Cargo Detained by Kazakhstain Customs at Chinese Border
5 April 2001 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
10 March 2001: Moscow Police Halt Radioactive Cesium Deal
7 March 2001: Radioactive Cargo Stopped on Russian-Kazakhstani Border
3 March 2001: "Nuclear Projectile" Seized in Turkey
27 February 2001: Radioactive Container Detected in Sverdlovsk Oblast
1 February 2001: Radioactive Material Handed in to Moscow Metro Police
31 January 2001: Stolen Radioactive Instruments Seized in Kamchatka Oblast, Russia (Updated)
30 January 2001: Plates Containing Plutonium Seized in Greece (Updated)
Other Items in this release:
27 February 2001: Nuclear Smugglers Convicted in North Ossetia, Russia
26 February 2001: Israel Concerned Iraq May Smuggle in Nuclear Material
16 February 2001: Tajikistani Official Notes Threat of Nuclear Smuggling
23 January 2001: Five Indicted in Romania for Nuclear Smuggling
15 February 2001 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
31 January 2001: Stolen Radioactive Instruments Seized in Kamchatka Oblast, Russia
30 January 2001: Plates Containing Plutonium Seized in Greece
30 January 2001: Radioactive Thorium Seized on Russian-Kazakhstani Border
26 January 2001: 35 Loads of Radioactive Scrap Interdicted on Russian-Kazakhstani Border in 2000
25 January 2001: Radioactive Scrap Metal from Chornobyl Exclusion Zone Seized
19 January 2001: 100kg of Radioactive Material Seized by Transbaykal, Russia Border Guards in 2000
22 December 2000: Uranium Seizure in Vladivostok, Russia Recounted 
Other Items in this release:
2 February 2001: Cyprus Denies Involvement in Plutonium Smuggling
15 January 2001:  Russian Atomic Energy Minister Questioned About Nuclear Technology Leakage
10 January 2001: DOE Task Force Says Russian Nuclear Material Insecure, Urges Increased Assistance
9 January 2001: Turner, Nunn Form "Nuclear Threat Initiative"
25 December 2000: Bin Laden Reportedly Trying to Purchase Former Soviet Nuclear Weapons
20 December 2000: Bashkortostan, Russia Firm Bribed to Illegally Dispose of Radwaste
8 December 2000: Bulgarian Weekly Examines 1999 HEU Smuggling Case
15 December 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
27 November 2000: Zirconium Trafficker Arrested in Omsk, Russia
27 November 2000: Cesium-137 Stolen from Ukrainian Mine
10 November 2000: Ukrainian Customs Seizes Radioactive Cobalt
14 October 2000: Radioactive Cesium Missing From Plant in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
16 September 2000: Uranium Traffckers Arrested in Romania
Other Items in this release:
30 November 2000: Lithuanian Experts Discuss Nuclear Trafficking
17 November 2000: Nuclear Material Secured at Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrate Plant
13 November 2000: IAEA to Assist Belarus Combat Nuclear Trafficking
1 November 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
30 October 2000: Minatom Official Says 1998 Theft Attempt in Chelyabinsk Involved HEU
20 October 2000: Radiation Source Seized from Car in Rivne, Ukraine
6 October 2000: Police Seize 150g Uranium in Erdine, Turkey
16 September 2000: Uranium, Plutonium Seized from Smugglers in Tbilisi, Georgia 
27 September 2000: Radiation Sources Discovered in Grozny, Chechnya
21 August 2000: Radioactive Instrument Lost in Krivoy Rog, Ukraine
18 July 2000: Radioactive Scrap Metal Detected at St. Petersburg Port
4 April 2000: Radioactive Scrap Metal Seized in Mangistau Oblast, Kazakhstan
Other Items in this release:
30 September 2000: Radioactive Shell Fragments Recovered in Donetsk, Ukraine
29 September 2000: Problems with Orphaned Radiation Sources in Pavlodar, Kazakhstan
28 September 2000: Minatom Official Discusses Attempted Thefts of Fissile Materials
14 August 2000: Bulgarian Official Discusses May 1999 Seizure of HEU 
11 August 2000: General Notes Delays in Upgrading Nuclear Weapon Storage Sites
22 March 2000: Five Sailors Killed in Attempted Theft from Decommissioned Nuclear Submarine (updated) 
22 August 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
9 August 2000: Radioactive Instrument Detected in Scrap Metal Shipment in Komsomolsk-na-Amure, Russia
29 July 2000: Smoke Detectors Containing Pu-239 Discovered in Krasnoyarsk
28 July 2000: Uranium Seized from Traffickers in Vladikavkaz, Russia
27 July 2000: Radioactive Instruments Discovered in Kaliningrad, Russia
25 July 2000: Radioactive Substance Confiscated from Smugglers in Kaunas, Lithuania
24 July 2000: 10 MT of Radioactive Pipes Stolen from Chornobyl, Ukraine Plant
18 July 2000: Radioactive Container Found in Downtown Stavropol, Russia
14 July 2000: Radium-226 Seized from Smugglers in Novosibirsk, Russia
8 July 2000: Radioactive Instrument Stolen from Factory in Novgorod Oblast, Russia
11 July 2000: Ukrainian Police Confiscate Radioactive Cesium in Dnipropetrovsk
7 July 2000: Cadmium Seized in Zheleznogorsk, Russia
4 July 2000: Kazak Police Seize 90kg of Radioacative Mercury
29 June 2000: Police Arrest Alleged Plutonium Smugglers in Dagestan Russia
3 April 2000: Orphaned Radiation Sources Recovered in Groznyy, Russia (updated with new information)
Other Items in this release:
28 July 2000: Azerbaijan Denies Receiving Shipment of Radioactive Cesium
27 July 2000: GAN Critical of Russian Nuclear Material Transport Regulations, Cites Violations
30 June 2000: Isotope Thieves Sentenced in Sverdlovsk Oblast
12 June 2000: Radwaste Theft Problems at Kara Balta Ore Combine, Krygyzstan
19 April 2000: Uranium Smugglers Sentenced in Tajikistan
7 July 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
5 July 2000: LEU Seized in Almaty, Kazakhstan
21 June 2000: Osmium Seized in Novosibirsk, Russia
13 June 2000: Radioactive Container Found in Almaty, Kazakhstan
6 June 2000: Chinese National with Radioactive Material Arrested in Transbaykal
Other Items in this release:
17 June 2000: Azerbaijani Ambassador to Saudi Arabia Refutes Nuclear Smuggling Rumors
14 June 2000: Macedonian Paper Alleges Government Involvement in Nuclear Smuggling
9 June 2000: US State Department Official Reviews Threat of Nuclear Smuggling
25 May 2000: 2000 NPT Review Conference Addresses Threat of Nuclear Trafficking
2 May 2000: US DOE Program Trains Foreign Border Guards to Detect Nuclear Smuggling
27 March 2000: Aum Shinrikyo Alleged to Have Obtained Data on Russian, Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plants
25 March 2000: Baku Newspaper Criticizes Handling of Radioactive Materials in Azerbaijan
14 March 2000: Swedish Scholar Discusses Efforts by Global Nonproliferation Regime to Combat Nuclear Smuggling
1 March 2000: Article Analyzes Security Lapses at Russian Nuclear Facilities
1 January 2000: Article Discusses Russian Organized Crime and Nuclear Smuggling
10 June 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
20 May 2000: Cesium-137 Container Stolen in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia
11 May 2000: Kazakhstani Police Seieze Radioactive Radium
5 May 2000: Radioactive Cylinder Discovered in Khabarovsk Kray, Russia
19 April 2000 Uranium Siezed in Batumi is HEU (item updated with new information)
Other Items in this release:
19 May 2000: IAEA Searches for Discarded Radioactive Sources in Georgia
9 May 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
28 April 2000: 1997 Diversion of Uranium from Ulba Metallurgy Plant (Kazakhstan) Uncovered
19 April 2000: Georgian Police Detain Uranium Smugglers in Batumi
2 April 2000: Radioactive Material Seized at Kazakhstani-Uzbekistani Border
25 March 2000: Nuclear Fuel Theft Attempt at Khmelnytskyy Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine Thwarted
20 March 2000: Radwaste Reportedly Diverted from Radon Facility in Groznyy
Other Items in this release:
24 April 2000: US Experts Urge Increased US-Russian Cooperative Efforts to Block Illicit Trafficking
7 April 2000: US Department of Energy Increases Estimate of Russian Fissile Material Stocks at Risk
24 February 2000: German Intelligence Warns of Difficulties in Controlling Illicit Trafficking in WMD
19 February 2000: Russian Officer Criticizes Security at Nuclear Weapons Storage Sites
9 February 2000: Czech Republic to Install Radiation Detectors at Additional Border Crossings
1 November 1999: New Fiber Optic Technology to Detect Nuclear Smuggling Developed at PNNL
4 April 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
22 March 2000: Five Sailors Killed in Attempted Theft from Decommissioned Nuclear Submarine
3 March 2000: Radioactive Cesium-137 Stolen from factory in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia
25 February 2000: Radioactive Stronium-90 Seized by Police in Donetsk, Ukraine
23 February 2000: Police Seize Bismuth in Krasnoyarsk Kray, Russia
23 February 2000: Russian Military Officers Attempting to Sell Radioactive Strontium Arrested in Primorskiy Kray
7 February 2000: Uranium Traffickers from Moldova Arrested in Bucharest, Romania
28 January 2000: Two Germans Arrested Trying to Smuggle Hafnium Across Ukrainian-Polish Border
Other items in this release:
25 February 2000: Russian Security Council Secretary Discusses Nuclear Trafficking Investigations
24 February 2000: Bulgaria Sends HEU Seized in May 1999 to United States for Analysis
3 February 2000: Internal Troops Tighten Security at Russian Nuclear Installations
1 January 2000: Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate (SKI) Releases Report on Nuclear Trafficking
11 February 2000 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
1 February 2000: Kazakhstani Police Arrest Three Suspects Selling LEU in Almaty, Kazakhstan
29 January 2000: Sailors Break Into Nuclear Submarine in Kamchatka, Russia, Steal Radioactive Isotopes
7 November 1999: Police Seize Contraband Zirconium in Vladivostok, Russia
Other items in this release:
2 February 2000: US Director of Central Intelligence Expresses Concern about Security of Russian Nuclear Materials
27 January 2000: Report Urges Increased US Effort to Secure Nuclear Material Worldwide
26 January 2000: Radioactive Chinese Citizen Detained in Irkutsk, Russia
25 January 2000: Russian Defector Repeats Allegations that Soviet "Suitcase Nukes" Were Deployed in United States
18 January 2000: Russian Federal Troops Secure Radioactive Waste Facility in Grozny, Chechnya
13 December 1999: Expert Group Formed to Advise on Revision of Physical Protection Convention
3 December 2000: Bulgaria Requests US Assistance to Combat Nuclear Trafficking
20 December 1999 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
3 December 1999: South Korean Customs Seizes Radioactive Cesium on Freighter from Russia
1 November 1999: Minatom Confirms Attempted Theft in Chelyabinsk in December 1998
22 October 1998: Radioactive Materials Discovered on Russian Train Bound for North Korea
6 August 1999: Suspects Arrested in Almaty, Kazakhstan Were Peddling LEU, not HEU (item updated with analysis of material seized)
Other items in this release:
1 December 1999: Intruder Injured During Arrest at South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant
19 November 1999: Kurchatov Institute Expert Says Risk of Theft from Russian Naval Nuclear Facilities Persists
26 October 1999: Congressman Weldon (R-PA) Concerned Russian "Nuclear Suitcases" Possibly Deployed in United States
25 October 1999: Report Alleges that WMD Components Smuggled to Iran via Russian Caspian Sea Ports
8 November 1999 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
21 September 1999: Georgian customs seizes 1kg of LEU fuel pellets (item updated with results of analysis of material seized)
20 October 1999: Radioactive Box Detected on Russian Freighter Bound for South Korea
Other items in this release:
12 October 1999: Russian Military Reports Chechen Fighters Preparing to Sabotage Nuclear Power Plants
1 November 1999: Chechen Leader Threatens to Build Base on Radwaste Storage Site
1 November 1999: Joint US-Russian Nuclear Security Training Center Opens
21 October 1999 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
1 September 1999: Stolen cesium-137 recovered in Volgograd, Russia
11 September 1999: Moscow police arrest suspect with 2.6kg of tantalum
14 September 1999: Thief dies while trying to steal radioactive material in Grozny, Chechen Republic
21 September 1999: Georgian customs seizes 1kg of LEU fuel pellets in Batumi
25 September 1999: Ukrainian police arrest Russian with 300g of radioactive strontium-90 in Uzhorod
Other items in this release:
10 September 1999: Russian customs seizes China-bound equipment shipment
4 October 1999: European Union to assist Eastern Europe to combat nuclear trafficking
5 October 1999: US terrorism analyst claims Osama Bin Laden has purchased former Soviet tactical nuclear weapons
17 September 1999 Update
The Summary Table of Reported Incidents for 1998 is now available. This table contains information on reported cases of nuclear, radioactive, and dual-use material trafficking involving the NIS. It is supplemented by detailed quarterly report tables with links to reported cases. We will be releasing quarterly charts for 1999 later this year, and a 1999 summary chart in early 2000.
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
11 August 1999: Istanbul police arrest suspects with cesium-137
11 August 1999: Instruments containing strontium-137 [sic] found in Sakhalin Oblast, Russia
26 August 1999: Cesium-137 found in a shipyard in Poti, Georgia
2 September 1999: Police seize 3.5kg of uranium-238 in Primorskiy Kray, Russia
Other items in this release:
5-6 August 1999: Soldiers attack guards at naval submarine base, murders at Strategic Rocket Forces facility
21 August 1999: Financial Times report on condition of, and theft of fuel rod from, the reactor in Kinshasa, Zaire
22 August 1999: Report alleging that Semyon Mogilevich, reputed crime boss, is involved in trafficking of nuclear materials
26 August 1999: US specialists visit Atomflot to inspect physical protection systems
2 September 1999: FBI representative states that most nuclear material smuggled is worthless
24 August 1999 Update
Reported thefts and seizures in this release:
24 April 1999: Plutonium and Americium in Sofia, Bulgaria
26 June 1999: Radioactive aluminum plates from Snezhinsk (VNIITF)
13 July 1999: Californium-252 in St. Petersburg
22 July 1999: Polonium and beryllium in Kazakhstan
29 July 1999: Iridium-292 in Aktyubinsk, Kazakhstan
4 August 1999: Uranium in Brussels
6 August 1999: HEU in Almaty, Kazakhstan
Other items in this release:
Organized crime gang members involved in Uranium smuggling arrested in Rome
Slovakia considering imposing visa requirements on Ukrainians
Tanker trailer used to store radioactive waste stolen/retrieved in Kazakhstan
For information on new material in the NIS Nuclear Profiles Database click here. 
The Center for Nonproliferation Studies has not verified the accuracy or veracity of this report or the facts presented therein.  For more information on the material in this database please contact Dr. Scott Parrish at sparrish@miis.edu.
This material is produced independently for NTI by the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, agents. Copyright © 2003 by MIIS. http://www.nti.org/db/nistraff/update.htm
26 posted on 07/15/2003 1:10:46 AM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge.)
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To: piasa
So, with all these folks out there smuggling this stuff (see my post above) .... doesn't that imply there is a market for it all?
27 posted on 07/15/2003 1:11:47 AM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge.)
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To: Howlin; Miss Marple
So, with all these folks out there smuggling this stuff (see my post above) .... doesn't that imply there is a market for it all?
28 posted on 07/15/2003 1:12:16 AM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge.)
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To: piasa
Thank you for posting the information piasa!!!!
29 posted on 07/15/2003 1:15:39 AM PDT by Defender2 (Defending Our Bill of Rights, Our Constitution, Our Country and Our Freedom!!!!)
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To: piasa
Gee, piasa, it looks like I probably could find some of this stuff at the local flea market!

You raise an interesting point. If no one wants this stuff, why is everyone smuggling it?

30 posted on 07/15/2003 1:47:36 AM PDT by Miss Marple
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To: piasa
WOW ... that's some list !
31 posted on 07/15/2003 1:49:20 AM PDT by nopardons
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To: Dont Mention the War
Thanks for posting this!

This will help in the research....thanks!

32 posted on 07/15/2003 2:38:31 AM PDT by Dog
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To: Miss Marple; nopardons; Defender2
Also, here's something else to ponder from a South African news source...

(snip)

South Africa will send experts in dismantling weapons of mass destruction to Iraq as part of Pretoria's bid to avert war, President Thabo Mbeki said in his state of the nation address today.

The intervention follows a visit to Baghdad by Aziz Pahad, the Deputy Foreign Affairs Minister, and comes ahead of today's crucial report-back by United Nations weapons inspectors to the Security Council in New York.

Addressing a special joint sitting of Parliament, Mbeki said it was hoped the UN report-back "will not serve as a signal to some that the time has come to unleash the fury of war".

"As we speak, a number of our citizens are preparing to travel to Iraq. These are the experts who led our country's programme to destroy our nuclear, chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction, as well as the missiles for the delivery of these weapons in conditions of combat."

The work they had done had resulted in South Africa becoming an international example of best practice in disarmament, he said. South Africa voluntarily disarmed its weapons of mass destruction in the 1990s. Pretoria had proposed to Iraq and to Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary-General that these experts share South Africa's experience with Baghdad, Mbeki said.

"I am pleased to inform the Honourable Members that Iraq has accepted our offer, which we have already discussed with the leadership of the weapons inspectors. "We trust that this intervention will help to ensure the necessary proper co-operation between the United Nations' inspectors and Iraq, so that the issue of weapons of mass destruction is addressed satisfactorily, without resort to war."
- "SA to send its nuclear experts to Iraq: Mbeki," http://www.sabcnews.com/politics/government/0,1009,52970,00.html., February 14, 2003, 11:15


Just what, exactly, did South Africa think its "experts in dismantling" would have to do in an Iraq with no claimed nuke program?

Dare I hazard a guess?

Now remember how often we've been told that South Africa is a model of disarmament, an icon of international oversight programs?

And note that Bush said "Africa" while the press keeps mentioning just Niger...

Now remember that North Korea just made an ass out of international oversight programs, and pretty much blew apart the illusions of the 1994 Agreed Framework of the last administration...

The ego of the folks doing oversight has to be stinging just a little, no, when coupled with a decade of no progress in Iraq?

Now let's return to South Africa for a moment. That country is sacred to the left since they toppled its government. What fun it was when the US delegation had to pull out of the racism conference, it was so rank. Wouldn't it be really embarassing for the world community if say, South Africa turned out to be the supplier Iraq had been hitting on, and still had a stash to sell after all the international overseers declared it clean?

FEBRUARY 11, 1990 : (SOUTH AFRICA : KLERK RELEASES NELSON MANDELA FROM PRISON)

1991 : (SOUTH AFRICA : NELSON MANDELA BECOMES PRESIDENT OF ANC)

JULY 8, 1991 : (SOUTH AFRICA SIGNS ACCESSION TO NPT) Abstract: On 8 July 1991, South African Foreign Affairs Minister Pik Botha signed his country's accession to the NPT. The signing, which had been authorized by South African President F.W. de Klerk, was witnessed by British Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd, who stated he was "delighted South Africa had taken this step". By signing the NPT, South Africa will now have to allow the IAEA to inspect its nuclear facilities.- "PIK BOTHA SIGNS NUCLEAR NONPROLIFERATION TREATY, " SAPA (JOHANNESBURG), 8 July 1991 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

SEPTEMBER 1991 : (SOUTH AFRICA SIGNS NPT) South Africa signed the NPT in September 1991 and agreed to IAEA safeguards at all its nuclear related facilities at that time. South Africa signed the NPT in September 1991 and agreed to IAEA safeguards at all its nuclear related facilities at that time. - "SOUTH AFRICA SAID TO ABANDON PURSUIT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS," THE WASHINGTON POST, 18 October 1991, PP. A23, A26 BY DAVID B. OTTAWAY via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

1991 : (SOUTH AFRICA SIGNS NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY) - "Iraq 'sought African uranium' Britain says Iraq wanted African uranium, "BBC News World Edition, Tuesday, 24 September, 2002, 10:59 GMT 11:59 UK

OCTOBER 1991 : (SOUTH AFRICA'S CHIEF EXECUTIVE OF AEC DENIES THAT SOUTH AFRICA HAD EVER COOPERATED WITH ISRAEL, IRAQ, OR ANY OTHER COUNTRY IN NUCLEASR TECHNOLOGY) Abstract: According to Waldo Stumpf, Chief Executive of South Africa's Atomic Energy Corporation, South Africa has "abandoned its nuclear weapons program and is seeking instead to become competitive on the world nuclear fuel market within a few years." Stumpf cited change in South Africa's strategic concerns and the prospects for a future black government as factors in his country's decision. Stumpf, however, refused to comment on US intelligence allegations that South Africa had enriched uranium to a weapons-grade level. In an interview in October 1991 Stumpf denied that South Africa had ever cooperated with Israel, Iraq or "any other country" in the field of nuclear technology. ... This came despite 1989 reports from US intelligence sources that South Africa had provided weapons grade HEU to Israel. UN inspectors in Iraq have noted that Iraq had looked into the South African jet-nozzle enrichment process, however, the South African Atomic Energy Corporation was not mentioned among Iraq's suppliers of nuclear technology in the documents seized by the UN. Stumpf stated that South Africa's nuclear program is now geared toward the export of "nuclear fuel and nuclear industry-related technology." South Africa is therefore pursuing laser enrichment processes. South Africa signed the NPT in September 1991 and agreed to IAEA safeguards at all its nuclear related facilities at that time. Stumpf said that South Africa hopes to compete with the US, FRG, France and Japan in world nuclear fuel exports, particularly to Asia and Europe. South Africa is thought to have been capable of producing weapons grade HEU since the early 1980's, according to proliferation specialist Leonard Spector. However, Stumpf declined to comment on the highest level of enrichment attained by South Africa. Stumpf did say that South Africa's two research reactors had run on 90%-plus HEU before being reduced to 45% some years ago. - "SOUTH AFRICA SAID TO ABANDON PURSUIT OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS," THE WASHINGTON POST, 18 October 1991, PP. A23, A26 BY DAVID B. OTTAWAY via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

1993 : (SOUTH AFRICA : KLERK ANNOUNCES DESTRUCTION OF THE COUNTRY'S NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT CAPABILITY) In 1993 when F. W. de Klerk announced the destruction of South Africa's nuclear weapons capability, he claimed that no foreign assistance was provided for the development of nuclear weapons, but made no mention of South Africa's missile capability. - "Nuclear Scientists Threaten To Reveal Secret Arms Programs: 'Blackmail' Admitted," Sunday Times (Johannesburg), 27 March 1994, pp. 1-2 (original source) , JPRS-TND-94-008, 1 April 1994, pp. 1-2, 1 April 1994 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

1993 : (KLERK & MANDELA SHARE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE) The two [F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela] shared the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize for their role in bringing about a peaceful end to apartheid. - "Ex-S.African first lady murdered," CNN.com, December 5, 2001 Ex-first lady murdered

APRIL 15, 1993 : (SOUTH AFRICAN NUCLEAR & ROCKET SCIENTISTS LAID OFF)

MARCH 1994 late : (SOUTH AFRICA : NUCLEAR & ROCKET SCIENTISTS THREATEN TO RELEASE WEAPONS SECRETS UNLESS PAID COMPENSATION) Abstract: In late March 1994, South African nuclear and rocket scientists threatened to expose secrets about South Africa's arms industry unless they were paid 4.5 million Rand as compensation for being laid off by Advena, a subsidiary of Denel, on 15 April 1993. A spokesman, claiming to represent 16 scientists, said that their disclosures would "prove embarrassing for Armscor [Armaments Corporation of South Africa], Denel [an offshoot of Armscor], and the National Government." In 1993 when F. W. de Klerk announced the destruction of South Africa's nuclear weapons capability, he claimed that no foreign assistance was provided for the development of nuclear weapons, but made no mention of South Africa's missile capability. The [South African nuclear & rocket scientist's] spokesman claimed that Israel had supplied rock[et] technology to South Africa as well as details on how to convert a space launch vehicle into a nuclear ballistic missile. According to the spokesman, the South African space program was originally intended to deliver nuclear weapons using a "clone" of the Israeli two-stage solid-fuel Jericho-2 missile. In 1988 and 1989, two mobile launchers were built and tested at the Armscor proving group at Advena, but were never used. The missile, code named RSA3, only underwent static testing. According to the spokesman, from 1989 to 1992 more than 200 South Africans secretly visited Israel and worked on the missile program. Israel sold technology to South Africa that would make its missiles accurate to within one kilometer by using a system of explosives that could stop the missile at a specific point in flight, allowing it to fall onto the target. - "Nuclear Scientists Threaten To Reveal Secret Arms Programs: 'Blackmail' Admitted," Sunday Times (Johannesburg), 27 March 1994, pp. 1-2 (original source) , JPRS-TND-94-008, 1 April 1994, pp. 1-2, 1 April 1994 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

NOVEMBER 1993 : (SOUTH AFRICA ENTERS INTO AGREEMENT WITH THE US WITH INTENT TO GET US TO RECOMMEND ADMISSION TO THE MTCR) In November 1993, South Africa entered into an agreement with the US on the restriction of missile-related imports and exports, adherence to which would result in a US recommendation for admission to the MTCR As a member of the MTCR, South Africa would have access to technology and markets currently not available. - "Nuclear Scientists Threaten To Reveal Secret Arms Programs: 'Blackmail' Admitted," Sunday Times (Johannesburg), 27 March 1994, pp. 1-2 (original source) , JPRS-TND-94-008, 1 April 1994, pp. 1-2, 1 April 1994 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

MARCH 1994 : (SOUTH AFRICAN COURT BARS NUCLEAR & ROCKET SCIENTISTS FROM DISCLOSING INFORMATION ON ARMSCOR) In late March 1994, the Transvaal Supreme Court issued an order preventing the 16 scientists from disclosing information to the media or unauthorized personnel regarding the "obtaining, marketing, importing, exporting, development, manufacture, maintenance or repair of armaments by Armscor or its subsidiaries" [1]. The decision followed a suit by Armscor claiming that disclosure of the information might harm South Africa's chances of admission to the MTCR [1].- [1] Stephanie Bothma, Business Day (Johannesburg), 30 March 1994, pp. 1-2; in JPRS-TND-94-008, 1 April 1994, p. 3, "Supreme Court Issues 'Gagging Order'." - "Nuclear Scientists Threaten To Reveal Secret Arms Programs: 'Blackmail' Admitted," Sunday Times (Johannesburg), 27 March 1994, pp. 1-2 (original source) , JPRS-TND-94-008, 1 April 1994, pp. 1-2, 1 April 1994 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

AUGUST 26-29, 1994 : (SOUTH AFRICA : ANC WINS ELECTIONS) 1994 : (SOUTH AFRICAN APARTHEID GOVERNMENT ENDS) Under the apartheid government, which was in power until 1994, it had a covert nuclear weapons programme. - "Iraq 'sought African uranium' Britain says Iraq wanted African uranium, "BBC News World Edition, Tuesday, 24 September, 2002, 10:59 GMT 11:59 UK

1994 : (SOUTH AFRICA : KLERK GIVES UP POWER TO MANDELA) F.W. de Klerk gave up power to Nelson Mandela after South Africa's first all-race elections in 1994. - "Ex-S.African first lady murdered," CNN.com, December 5, 2001 Ex-first lady murdered

Oops, getting friendly with China...

AUGUST 1997 : (SOUTH AFRICA SELLS ZIRCONIUM TUBING PLANT TO CHINA, NEWSPAPER REPORT OF ILLEGAL CHINESE WORKERS DISMANTLING PLANT ALERTS PEOPLE TO THE SALE RIGHT AROUND THE TIME CHINA HAD CONCLUDED AN AGREEMENT WITH IRAN TO BUILD A ZIRCONIUM TUBING PLANT THERE) Abstract : In August 1997, South Africa and China concluded a contract for the sale of a plant used to manufacture zirconium tubing at Pelindaba. The deal was not made public until a South African newspaper revealed the presence of "illegal" Chinese technicians dismantling the plant and packing equipment for export to China. The Chinese workers had entered South Africa with business visas, and had been working without the proper employment visas. According to an unidentified member of the South African government, had it not been for the newspaper report, "there might have been nothing to stop this sensitive equipment leaving the country." The South African Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) stated that there are three pieces of equipment, described as CNC [computer numerically controlled] machine tools used to make complex molds, require authorization for export under the Nuclear Suppliers Group dual-use guidelines. The South African government requires an end-user certificate from China before it will authorize the export of the equipment. US officials are concerned that China might ship the South African plant to Iran, because China has signed a contract to build a zirconium tube factory in Iran. - "Is Iran In RSA-China Zirconium Deal?," Jane's Pointer, February 1998, p.1 , 1 February 1998 via - "CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database: Sample Abstracts on South Africa's Nuclear Doctrine," These abstracts were selected from the over 30,000 entries in the CNS Nuclear and Missile Developments Database., http://www.nti.org/e_research/e1_safrica_nuclear.html.

1998 : (FORMER SOUTH AFRICAN LEADER KLERK & WIFE ARE DIVORCED) The de Klerks divorced in 1998 after 39 years of marriage. As her husband rose through the ranks of the ruling National Party during apartheid, his wife also was politically active, eventually leading the party's women's organisation. - "Ex-S.African first lady murdered," CNN.com, December 5, 2001 Ex-first lady murdered

1999 : (GABON HALTS EXPORT OF URANIUM) Gabon ceased exports of [unprocessed uranium oxide] after 1999 - reserves at the largest mine, Mounana, had been depleted. - "Iraq 'sought African uranium' Britain says Iraq wanted African uranium, "BBC News World Edition, Tuesday, 24 September, 2002, 10:59 GMT 11:59 UK

MARCH 2001 : (BBC ALLEGATIONS ARISE THAT IRAQ PURCHASED URANIUM FROM SOUTH AFRICA IN 1988) The BBC television programme Correspondent reported in March 2001 that Iraqi defectors, including a nuclear engineer and an assistant to Saddam Hussain's son Uday, had revealed that Iraq obtained uranium for its nuclear programme from South Africa. The deal had been signed in 1986 and the uranium delivered in 1988 - "Iraq 'sought African uranium' Britain says Iraq wanted African uranium, "BBC News World Edition, Tuesday, 24 September, 2002, 10:59 GMT 11:59 UK SEPTEMBER 1, 2001 : (SOUTH AFRICA : US ENCOUNTERS RACISM CONFERENCE WHICH DEGENERATED INTO A HOSTILE MESS AGAINST THE US AND ISRAEL)  Mideast dominates racism summit

SEPTEMBER 3, 2001 : (SOUTH AFRICA : US PULLS OUT OF UN RACISM CONFERENCE) Israel and the U.S. have pulled out of the U.N. Conference Against Racism after compromise over condemning Israel had failed  U.S. pulls out of racism conference

SEPTEMBER 8, 2001 : (SOUTH AFRICA : UN RACISM CONFERENCE ENDS)  Racism conference ends

SEPTEMBER 10, 2001 : (SOUTH AFRICAN SUMMIT)  Southern African summit

SEPTEMBER 10, 2001 : (USA : LEFTWING WEBSITE TRUTHOUT.ORG IS REGISTERED; WOULD PLAY ROLE IN NIGER/IRAQ URANIUM FLAP)

SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 : (911 ATTACKS ON US)

Wow, what a country when former first ladies get "offed"...was it a random murder or something more?

DECEMBER 5, 2001 : (SOUTH AFRICA : FORMER FIRST LADY MARIKE DE KLERKE, WIFE OF SOUTH AFRICAN LEADER WHO HAD ONCE ANNOUNCED THE DESTRUCTION OF THE COUNTRY'S NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT CAPABILITYIS, IS MURDERED)  CAPE TOWN, South Africa -- The former first lady of South Africa, Marike de Klerk, has been murdered at her home in Cape Town. Police say an autopsy revealed that the 64-year-old former wife of F.W. de Klerk had been stabbed and strangled. Marike de Klerk's body was discovered on Tuesday afternoon, about 30 hours after coroners estimated she had died.The autopsy revealed that the cause of death was strangulation. Police spokesman Wicus Holtzhausen said she had also been stabbed in the back. "The stab wound ... was not the cause of death," he added. De Klerk also had cuts on her arms, which police believe could have been sustained trying to fend off a knife attack. There were no immediate arrests and police did not admit to having any suspects. South Africa has one of the world's highest per-capita murder rates. More than 9,800 homicides were committed in the first half of this year, according to police statistics. De Klerk's body was found about 4p.m. on Tuesday after her hairdresser, arriving for an appointment, became concerned when she did not answer the door. The hairdresser summoned neighbourhood security guards who found the body at the entrance to her bedroom. Nothing was missing from de Klerk's house and the motive for her killing was unknown, Holtzhauzen said. F.W. de Klerk said in a statement released on Wednesday he was devastated and deeply shocked at the circumstances under which his ex-wife had died. "I have learned with great shock and sorrow of the circumstances of the tragic death of my former wife, Marike," he said. "I have been informed that the South African Police Service is conducting a murder inquiry and hope that they bring the person or persons involved to justice as soon as possible." The former president cancelled plans to attend a ceremony to commemorate the centenary of the Nobel Peace Prize in Norway and was heading back to South Africa, his spokesman Dave Steward said. President Thabo Mbeki expressed his condolences Tuesday in a statement and described de Klerk as a "strong, charming and dignified woman." - "Ex-S.African first lady murdered," CNN.com, December 5, 2001 Ex-first lady murdered

JULY 8, 2002 : (SOUTH AFRICA : LEADERS LAUNCH AFRICAN UNION) Leaders launch African Union

AUGUST 24, 2002 : (SOUTH AFRICA : PRIOR TO EARTH SUMMIT, GREENPEACE VIOLATES SECURITY AT BUILDING AT KOEBEG NUCLEAR POWER PLANT) MELKBOSSTRAND, South Africa -- Police have detained up to a dozen Greenpeace environmental protesters who tried to scale a South African nuclear power plant two days before the start of the Earth Summit. Some of the demonstrators climbed a building at the French-designed Koeberg nuclear power plant on the coast near Cape Town on Saturday and strung up two yellow and black banners proclaiming "Nukes out of Africa -- Greenpeace." The nuclear plant is the only one in Africa. Police detained three of the anti-nuclear activists on the 15-metre (50 feet) high concrete building, which pumps water from the sea to cool the twin-domed reactor alongside, leaving another three dangling by wires from the installation. They also seized two inflatable speedboats, each containing three people, that brought the protesters from the Greenpeace ship Esperanza, Greenpeace said. Police declined immediate comment. But the local provincial commissioner expressed shock that Greenpeace could reach the tightly guarded installation from the sea. "We have to take firm action now, this situation is intolerable," commissioner Lennit Max told Reuters, adding the break-in "is a matter of concern for us, we will be looking into that." Greenpeace wants to put pressure on about 100 world leaders at the 10-day summit opening on Monday to agree ways to protect the planet while cutting poverty. It fears that their promises will fall short of real action. "This is Africa's one and only nuclear facility, it should be its last," said Mike Townsley of Greenpeace. "It creates deadly long-lived legacies of nuclear waste. It's a major terrorist threat, it's a proliferation threat and it's uneconomic... At a time when world leaders are meeting in Johannesburg to discuss how to solve the impending environmental crisis, and to meet the need for electricity of the two billion people who don't have any, we want to make the point that their needs cannot be met through nuclear power," he said. During its building, the plant was attacked by the now-ruling African National Congress (ANC) in the 1970s as part of a protest against white minority rule. - CNN.com,  Greenpeace N-plant protest

SEPTEMBER 4, 2002 : (SOUTH AFRICA : EARTH SUMMIT : US SECRETARY OF STATE POWELL IS HECKLED) Powell heckled at Earth Summit  

(* My note : Scores of lefties atended this thing from all over the world ...)

33 posted on 07/15/2003 3:03:04 AM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge.)
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To: piasa
You know, that information on South Africa should really be a separate post. You have a viable theory there, in my opinion.

Any thoughts as to why Mrs. De Klerk was murdrered? A warning? To keep her from spilling some information?

34 posted on 07/15/2003 3:09:55 AM PDT by Miss Marple
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To: Miss Marple
I have no idea since that was something I just stumbled across and thought I'd just throw it out for the heck of it. With South Africa's crime rate, a lot of people get killed. It just seems that a former first lady would live in a better area than average, and the nature of the murder seems a little more agressive than usual. Maybe the divorce before that was heated, maybe someone wanted to send a message to Mr. de Klerk, maybe just really bad luck.

With Zimbabwe going to pieces next door, I wouldn't be too surpried if al Qaeda or other unsavory types took advantage of the anarchy to acquire things.

35 posted on 07/15/2003 3:16:49 AM PDT by piasa (Attitude adjustments offered here free of charge.)
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To: GranpaVet
Go back to DU!
36 posted on 07/15/2003 3:37:33 AM PDT by F-117A
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To: GranpaVet
Nobody lied to the President. However, it appears plenty of democRATS and media lied to the American people about what happened. What's worse, they're still lying.

Next question?

37 posted on 07/15/2003 6:10:11 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: Howlin
Thanks for the ping. This story has just infuriated me for weeks now. Even on Fox, Bush is being misquoted, and they're taking the word of known liars as solid evidence of the crime of the century--to hear them talk about it anyway.
38 posted on 07/15/2003 6:13:11 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: Jumper
"One untruth uttered by a man whose complete tenure as president is marked by nothing but dignity, honor and restraint towards his political rivals..."

I maintain there was no "untruth" in the first place. He stated precisely what he had been told by his intelligence. As a matter of fact, Britain continues to say it's solid intel. The only "untruth" being bandied about is coming from the media and the democRATS. And the lies continue to proliferate and grow in size.

39 posted on 07/15/2003 6:18:51 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: ladyinred
"It does however, appear that someone set up the President. "

Bingo! I see Hillary's fingerprints all over this one: how close is she to Wilson?

40 posted on 07/15/2003 6:25:58 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: Dont Mention the War
The author of this article also has high praise for Scott Ritter's new book.

http://www.contextbooks.com/newF.html
41 posted on 07/15/2003 6:27:45 AM PDT by windchime
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To: piasa
Mind boggling. Yes, I would say there had to be a market for it. A big market.
42 posted on 07/15/2003 6:32:15 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: piasa
You are on to something. Great work!
43 posted on 07/15/2003 7:10:33 AM PDT by windchime
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To: MizSterious
Didn't you and I talk a LONG time ago about the French and what they were or were not sharing with the United States in the lead up to the war? I am positive I saw some sort of story on TV about the French withholding information because it may lead to people finding out just how much Islamic activity is being tolerated in France.

I hope somebody connects ALL these dots.

It's the French -- about everything.
44 posted on 07/15/2003 8:00:01 AM PDT by Howlin
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To: Howlin
Yes, and some of us thought that might be why France was working so hard to keep us out of Iraq--the fear that we might find out just how much WMD technology they shared/sold to Iraq.

I think there were articles on the topic posted here, but I can't think of any titles off-hand, and I might not have time to do a decent search until Thursday. I have a few minutes here and there is all.

45 posted on 07/15/2003 8:06:51 AM PDT by MizSterious (Support whirled peas!)
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To: Ernest_at_the_Beach; PhiKapMom; MizSterious; backhoe; MJY1288; William McKinley; Miss Marple; ...
Maybe if we WHINE, backhoe will do one of those NEATO threads like only backhoe can do????

Or maybe MizSterious can........I am the worst!

But we CAN pick a keyword and start archiving them that way.....suggestions????
46 posted on 07/15/2003 8:07:55 AM PDT by Howlin
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To: Howlin; All
Maybe if we WHINE, backhoe will...

Please, I'm getting enough of that from my brother-in-law these days- but I'm open to suggestions!

I have to go & drop a 'phone line out of the way of a fallen tree, but I will be available later this evening & in the morning... do you want something like this?

-The Old Grey Info-Slut... the NYT/Jayson Blair Affair--

47 posted on 07/15/2003 1:15:24 PM PDT by backhoe
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To: backhoe
Yes!!!! You're the best at that!
48 posted on 07/15/2003 1:27:58 PM PDT by Howlin (I'm a biddie, she's a biddie, wouldn't you like to be a biddie, too?)
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To: piasa
Piasa check this out: World Uranium production

South Africa is in the Top 10...

49 posted on 07/15/2003 1:35:51 PM PDT by jriemer (We are a Republic not a Democracy)
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To: Howlin
OK, I'll get started after dropping that line & feeding the family.
50 posted on 07/15/2003 1:48:34 PM PDT by backhoe
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