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Iranian Alert -- September 14, 2003 -- IRAN LIVE THREAD PING LIST
The Iranian Student Movement Up To The Minute Reports ^ | 9.14.2003 | DoctorZin

Posted on 09/14/2003 12:03:45 AM PDT by DoctorZIn

The regime is working hard to keep the news about the protest movment in Iran from being reported.

From jamming satellite broadcasts, to prohibiting news reporters from covering any demonstrations to shutting down all cell phones and even hiring foreign security to control the population, the regime is doing everything in its power to keep the popular movement from expressing its demand for an end of the regime.

These efforts by the regime, while successful in the short term, do not resolve the fundamental reasons why this regime is crumbling from within.

Iran is a country ready for a regime change. If you follow this thread you will witness, I believe, the transformation of a nation. This daily thread provides a central place where those interested in the events in Iran can find the best news and commentary.

Please continue to join us here, post your news stories and comments to this thread.

Thanks for all the help.


TOPICS: Extended News; Foreign Affairs; News/Current Events; War on Terror
KEYWORDS: iran; iranianalert; protests; studentmovement; studentprotest
Discover all the news since the protests began on June 10th, go to:

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin”

1 posted on 09/14/2003 12:03:45 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: Pan_Yans Wife; fat city; freedom44; Tamsey; Grampa Dave; PhiKapMom; McGavin999; Hinoki Cypress; ...
Join Us At Today's Iranian Alert Thread

Live Thread Ping List | DoctorZin

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin”

2 posted on 09/14/2003 12:04:43 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn

TEHRAN 13 Sept. (IPS)

The Islamic Republic reacted angrily to the Friday resolution by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board of Directors calling it to sign up the additional Protocols to the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and also stop at once all its uranium enriching programs.

In the absence of any official statement to the resolution, it was the press, both reformist and conservative, that took up the matter, urging the authorities to expel the ambassadors of the three nations that initiated the resolution, namely Canada, Australia and Japan, get out of the NPT and revise its relations with all the nations that approved the resolution.

The resolution, adopted without a vote, a procedure that the IAEA spokeswoman Melissa Fleming described as "very unusual", was presented by Japan, Canada and Australia.

Iran’s delegation at the Board, led by Ali Akbar Salehi, its Ambassador at the IAEA, walked out of the meeting, stating that "such an offensive text risks to kill an otherwise constructive process".

"My country can possibly not accept a decision taken under political considerations", he told journalists in Vienna, accusing western powers of the Board of presenting Iran "biased, illegal and illegitimate" demands that could not be met in the time limit (of 31 October) fixed by the resolution.

The Iranian walkout was a protest against the resolution and against the procedure", an IAEA spokesman explained.

Mr. Salehi also accused the United States, Britain, France, Germany for their "extreme position" that, he said, was "nothing new".

But Mohammad El-Bradeh’i, the Egyptian Director of the IAEA expressed satisfaction, saying the resolution sends a clear and strong message to Iran, calling on it to cooperate with IAEA "fully and immediately".

"I reiterate that in the weeks ahead, we have a lot to do in regard with Iran’s nuclear projects, as I have to submit to the Board (of Directors) a precise report concerning the state of Iran’s cooperation with the resolution", he stressed at the end of the meeting.

Noting that urging the Islamic Republic to sign "immediately and unconditionally" the additional protocols is one of the "most humiliating clauses" of a resolution that denies the Majles and other decision-making organs of the nation to exercise their rights, the hard line evening daily "Keyhan" said Saturday that the "least pride and persuation" the officials can show toward this action is to immediately expel the ambassador of the three countries that formulated the resolution and not allow them to return until their countries presents full apology to the Iranian people and government.

In an editorial signed by Mr Hoseyn Sharia’atmadari, a specialist in interrogating political and intellectual dissidents appointed as Editor of the paper by Ayatollah Ali Khameneh’i, Keyhan assured that if the authorities fail to expel the three ambassadors, the Muslim people of Iran would do it by closing down their embassies in Tehran.

"Yesterday (Friday) resolution of the Board of Directors of the IAEA leaves not doubt about the fact that the recent cacophonies over the nuclear activities of our nation is a well calculated plot aimed at toppling the Islamic Republic of Iran, using the NPT as a pressure tool", added the daily that reflects the view of Mr. Khameneh’i, the leader of the Iranian clerical regime.

For its part, "Jomhuri Eslami" (Islamic Republic), a radical daily that belongs to Ayatollah Khameneh'i went even further, saying that Iran should follow the example of North Korea, which on December 31 expelled all IAEA inspectors and later withdrew from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

"It should be accepted that the correct way was the one North Korea chose", the paper said.

While the state-run, leader-controlled Tehran Radio run a commentary on the same line, "Yas No", the official organ of the Islamic Iran Participation Front, a coalition of groups and parties that back the embattled President Mohammad Khatami and also control the parliament, advised the government to "revise" its relations with all the countries that supported the resolution.

"The (IAEA) resolution was adopted under heavy pressures applied by the United States on other countries, including the European Union and this is exactly what makes it partial, discriminatory and unusual", said Mr. Morad Veisi of Yas No, adding that "not only the Iranian people would stand up to the discriminatory decisions of IAEA, but would also consider revising relations with all the nations that supported the resolution".

"However, one must also ask why the position of Iran has degraded from its peak of the golden period of after second Khordad (26 May 1997, marking the surprising victory of Hojjatoleslam Mohammad Khatami) to present situation where even nations such as Japan, Canada and Australia sides against the Islamic Republic?", Mr. Veisi added in his commentary.

But Russia, the country that is constructing Iran’s first nuclear powered electrical plant in the Persian Gulf of Booshehr called Saturday on Tehran to comply with the resolution.

"This resolution is a serious and respectful appeal by the agency for Iran to cooperate with IAEA...and do so without delay", Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Kislyak told the independent Russian news agency Interfax.

"Observing that the resolution is not a threat to Iran, Mr. Kislyak hoped that by accepting the resolution, the Islamic Republic could remove all the existing problems it has with the IAEA", added from Moscow a correspondent for the Persian service of the BBC.

The United States and Israel, joined by the EU, alleges that Iran’s civilian nuclear programs are a front for building atomic bomb aimed at destroying the Jewish State.

But both Tehran and Moscow rejects the accusation, insisting that all atomic projects are for civilian and peaceful purposes, mainly producing electricity.

"Since the victory of the Islamic revolution 25 years ago, the Islamic Republic of Iran has never been in such an awkward position on the international scene", observed Mr. Sadeq Saba, the senior commentator of the BBC on Iranian affairs. ENDS IAEA IRAN 13903
3 posted on 09/14/2003 12:11:56 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: Pan_Yans Wife; fat city; freedom44; Tamsey; Grampa Dave; PhiKapMom; McGavin999; Hinoki Cypress; ...

TEHRAN 13 Sept. (IPS)

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail me”
4 posted on 09/14/2003 12:12:57 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
November 20 is crunch time for Iran in nuclear row

AFP - World News (via Iranmania)
Sep 13, 2003

VIENNA - Iran is facing two crunch dates between now and late November in the worsening international row over its alleged development of nuclear weapons.

The first is October 31, the deadline imposed by the United Nations' nuclear watchdog for Tehran to prove it is not secretly developing nuclear weapons, to suspend all enrichment of uranium and to give full details of all uranium it has imported.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has also urged the Islamic republic to sign an additional protocol to the international nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) that would allow the UN's nuclear inspectors to make unannounced visits to suspected nuclear weapons facilities.

The second crunch date is November 20, when the IAEA's board of governors convenes again in Vienna to consider how to respond to the crisis.

If the IAEA governors conclude on November 20 that Iran has not answered all their concerns about its nuclear activities and is therefore in violation of the NPT, then they could refer the problem to the UN Security Council and that could lead to the imposition of international sanctions on Tehran.

"We hope that Iran gives us all the cooperation we've asked for. If they cooperate we could be able to report to our board of governors (on November that we have resolved all the outstanding issues," IAEA spokesman Mark Gwozdecky told AFP on Saturday.

"One possibility is that we conclude that their nuclear programme is solely devoted to peaceful purposes. That's what we hope for. The toughest decision that the board can take is to declare that Iran is not in compliance and to refer the matter to the Security Council.

"Between these two scenarios there are a lot of possibilities. But I don't want to speculate on those."

Iran, like Iraq and North Korea before it, is accused by Washington of illegally developing weapons of mass destruction. Tehran, which is building a civilian nuclear plant with Russian help, denies it intends to use any nuclear material for military purposes.

Pointing out that both the United States and its Middle East ally Israel have nuclear warheads, Tehran accuses Washington of double standards and of seeking to use the weapons argument as a pretext for invading the country, as it did oil-rich Iraq, in a bid "to re-engineer and re-shape the entire Middle East region".

It remains to be seen whether Iran will provide the IAEA with the cooperation it desires.

When the IAEA issued its October 31 deadline on Friday, Tehran's ambassador to the UN watchdog stormed out, accused the IAEA of pressurising it for political motives and warned that Iran could stop all cooperation with the inspectors.

Gwozdecky said he hoped the worse would not happen.

"We do not force any country to cooperate with us. We believe that Iran will understand that it is in its interest to cooperate with us because we provide a service for them.

"It's through our inspection process that they can demonstrate to the world that what they say is true. And it's only through impartial, international verification that the global community can have confidence in what is happening in Iran."

In the run up to November 20, the IAEA planned to continue its inspections in Iran, Gwozdecky said.

"We have a responsibility to do that," he explained.

"We hope that Iran will extend to our inspectors and experts their full cooperation,.. give us access to those sites which we want to visit and to answer fully all the questions we put to them," he added.

Gwozedcky said the IAEA would begin discussions with Tehran on the possibility of the Iranians signing an additional protocol to the NPT.

The IAEA would also continue to probe Iran's argument that the only reason the UN inspectors had discovered particles of highly enriched uranium at one of the sites they inspected was that it had been brought in on contaminated imported equipment.

"We will be discussing with other countries the story that Iran has imported equipment from abroad. And they have said that is why we have found particles of highly enriched uranium in our sampling," he said.

"We are waiting for Iran to give us the information but we're going to pursue this investigation."

Once the October 31 deadline arrived, the IAEA would begin preparing a new report on Iran for its 35 member nations, who would receive it by mid-November, in time for the crucial board meeting later that month, he said.
5 posted on 09/14/2003 12:18:06 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Iran threat to abandon key treaty

Sunday, 14 September 2003
Gulf Daily News
As pressure mounted on Iran to prove it had no secret atomic weapons programme by October 31, Tehran warned it might follow North Korea's lead and quit the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Following intense US lobbying for action against Iran, the 35-nation governing board of the International Atomic Energy Agency passed a resolution on Friday demanding Iran answer all outstanding questions about its nuclear programme.

Tehran denies US allegations that it has violated the NPT in an effort to develop atomic weapons secretly.

Anoush Ehtesami, professor of international relations at Britain's University of Durham, said some in Iran's military wanted to quit the NPT and follow Pakistan and India's example.
6 posted on 09/14/2003 12:38:37 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn

The time is now..We are at a point of no return...Some heads are gonna roll! Time marches on.
7 posted on 09/14/2003 12:39:13 AM PDT by Pro-Bush (Awareness is what you know before you know anything else.)
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To: All
US military denies allowing Iran rebels to continue operations from Iraq

Jordan Times, Saturday, September 13, 2003

BAGHDAD (AFP) — The US military Thursday roundly denied reports that it was allowing the Iranian armed opposition People's Mujahedeen to mount attacks from Iraq four months after Washington gave orders for its fighters to be disarmed and confined to camp. Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez, the coalition ground forces commander in Iraq, insisted that the group, also known by its Persian name Mujahedeen-e-Khalq (MEK), had been deprived of its weapons and was being guarded by more than 5,000 coalition troops.

"The MEK has been separated from its combat equipment," Sanchez told a Baghdad news conference. "The MEK has not been able to conduct any operations against the Iran-Iraq border."

The general acknowledged that initially not all of the arms had been removed from the Ashraf camp northeast of Baghdad, where about 3,800 People's Mujahedeen militiamen are being held and screened, but stressed that all of them had been put beyond use.

"Some of their weaponry was at the same camp that they were at Ashraf," he said. "That equipment had been disabled but it was in the same camp. It has now been moved."

The Washington Post reported Thursday that Secretary of State Colin Powell had written to Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld in the past week to complain that the People's Mujahedeen were being still given wide freedom to operate despite being designated by Washington as a terrorist group. The paper said that, according to administration officials, the Pentagon had allowed the group to retain its weapons, come and go as it pleased and use camp facilities to broadcast propaganda into Iran.

"It's unbelievable," the daily quoted an unnamed State Department official as saying. "It's a pretty cushy arrangement for a terrorist group."

But Sanchez insisted that there was no truth to the suggestion that the rebels were being given broad leeway amid staunch opposition from the Pentagon to calls from some in the State Department for a rapprochement with Iran.

"I can guarantee you that they are not carrying out operations," he insisted.

Asked why there were only 3,800 People's Mujahedeen fighters in coalition custody, a fraction of the group's prewar strength, he replied: "You tell me."
8 posted on 09/14/2003 12:58:31 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn
14 Sep 2003 07:08:59 GMT
Iran says cooperation with IAEA open to debate

TEHRAN, Sept 14 (Reuters) - Iran's Foreign Ministry said on Sunday Tehran was debating whether to continue cooperation with the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog which last week gave Iran seven weeks to prove it had no secret atomic weapons programme.

Iran insists it has no nuclear arms ambitions and accuses Washington of seeking a pretext to invade the Islamic Republic as it had its neighbours Afghanistan and Iraq.

"The nature of our cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is under consideration," Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi told a weekly news conference.

"The relevant authorities are discussing it and our decision will be made public in future. We haven't made a concrete decision on how to continue cooperation with the IAEA," he said.

The IAEA has accused Tehran of failing to come clean about its nuclear programme. Iran says its nuclear facilities are solely geared to generating electricity.

A resolution passed by the IAEA's governing board on Friday called on Iran to clear up lingering doubts by October 31 and suspend all uranium enrichment activities for the time being.

The resolution implied that should the IAEA still have concerns about Iran's nuclear activities in November, it could declare Tehran in breach of international obligations and report it to the U.N. Security Council for possible economic sanctions.

In an interview with the German weekly Der Spiegel Iran's ambassador to the IAEA Ali Akbar Salehi warned that Tehran could follow North Korea's lead by pulling out of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Asked on Monday if Iran would pull out of the NPT, Asefi reiterated that cooperation with the IAEA was under review.

Diplomats in Tehran said Iran's decision-making process was complicated by divisions in the ruling establishment.

While the reformist government led by President Mohammad Khatami has been pushing for greater cooperation with the IAEA, powerful hardliners close to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei have argued the opposite.

"The IAEA board's tough statement may have given hardliners greater ammunition to argue that cooperation with the IAEA merely invites greater pressure on the country," one said.
9 posted on 09/14/2003 1:00:15 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn; McGavin999; Eala; AdmSmith; dixiechick2000; nuconvert; onyx; Pro-Bush; Valin; Ronin; ...
Splintered mujahedeen ready to harass US troops, Kurds and Tehran

Splinter elements within the People’s Mujahedeen have taken to the rugged mountains separating Iran and Iraq, and were preparing to wage attacks against US troops, ethnic Kurds and Tehran, local officials and military sources said.

But US commanders and local sources insist their capabilities are limited after the bulk of Mujahedeen, also known by its Persian name Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), hatched a deal with coalition authorities and withdrew to nearby Camp Ashraf in April.

Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Cantwell, Commandant of Camp Ashraf, said the 4,000 MEK members in the former Mujahedeen base were consolidated, detained, disarmed and were being screened for any past terrorist acts.

“All vehicles, arms and ammunition is under coalition control, they do not even carry a bayonet,” Cantwell, a Battalion Commander with the 324 Military Police, said.

The MEK has been classified by Washington as a terrorist outfit but Cantwell said this did not mean that each member of the MEK was a terrorist, hence the screening process to determine each individual’s legal status.

“It’s about restraint of the use of force and compliance with the Geneva Conventions, we’re especially trained in that, and that’s why we’re here,” Cantwell said.

He said the screening process and heavy restrictions on movement was taking a toll on the Mujahedeen, who are only allowed routine shopping trips into the town of Khalis under a heavy military escort.

“There’s nothing here that’s cushy and there is a fair degree of anxiety among them about their future,” he told AFP.

The MEK was a well-armed, secular fighting force that with backing from Saddam Hussein had continued a guerrilla insurgency against the hardline Islamic government in Tehran since the Iran-Iran war ended in 1988.

Their equipment included British Chieftain and Russian T-55 tanks.

One military source said the MEK had initially fled its bases along the Iranian border in southern Iraq as the United States was preparing to launch its March 20 invasion of Iraq from Kuwait.

The source, and members of the local branch of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), one of the main political parties in the area, said about 5,000 rebels then converged on the two bases near Jalawla about 30 kilometres west of the Iranian border in late March.

Those bases are now empty of rebels, occupied solely by looters and scrap-metal merchants who moved in after the Mujahedeen shifted to Camp Ashraf.

Deputy chief of the PUK branch in nearby Saadhiyah, Abdul al-Karim Mahmud, said the Americans began bombing the bases at about the same time as Saddam was being ousted from power on April 9.

“But the bombings were designed to frighten the MEK, not kill them, and then there were long negotiations with the Americans and the MEK,” he said.

He said eventually a deal was hammered out and most of the MEK agreed to relocate to Camp Ashraf but more than 1,000 of the rebels refused to move, kept their arms and headed into the mountains.

“Now they are fighting the Americans, the Kurds and the Iranians,” he said.

“The PUK were against Saddam, the Mujahedeen were with Saddam and they fought against the Kurds in the 1991 uprising. They refused to make peace with us so now they are fighting against the Americans and the PUK,” he said.

The military source, a senior officer based in the area, agreed.

“They had for a long time operated camps in southern Iraq, then pulled up to the border area to the north and west of Baghdad before the US began its invasion,” he said.

He said all the camps in the south, like those in Jalawla, and near Baghdad were empty and looted, except for Camp Ashraf which sits about 100 kilometres west of the Iranian border and 60 kilometres north of Baghdad.

There are some rebels still out there “but there is no way of telling exactly how many,” he said.

Washington announced on April 22 it had reached a ceasefire with the MEK and the following day Mujahedeen officials said the agreement allowed the MEK to keep its weapons and carry on its activities in Iran from Camp Ashraf.

But Cantwell said any such claims were non-existent by June when troops from the 324 Military Police took control of Camp Ahraf and the MEK was consolidated and “all weapons secured by MPs.”

He declined to comment on current MEK strength or any operations the rebels could conduct against the Americans, Iranian-government forces or the PUK.

“But I will say a substantial number have agreed to consolidate in one camp,” he said, “at Camp Ashraf.”
10 posted on 09/14/2003 1:05:25 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn; onyx; Pro-Bush; nuconvert; seamole; Persia; AdmSmith; Valin; McGavin999; Texas_Dawg; ...
Daily calls to expel diplomats

Tehran, Sept 14 - Managing Director of the influential Persian daily Keyhan Hossein Shariatmadari, here Saturday called on the authorities to adopt measures to expel from Iran the ambassadors of Japan, Australia and Canada.

The three countries set forth a resolution in Vienna on Friday against Iran over its nuke activities.

The 35-member board of governors of the IAEA adopted the resolution setting the October 31 deadline for Iran to prove it is not seeking secretly to develop nuclear weapons.

The resolution calls on Tehran to clarify its nuclear program and suspend all its uranium enrichment activities.

In Keyhan's editorial, Shariatmadari commented on the IAEA governing council resolution against Iran and asserted that the said states' envoys have to be expelled from Iran and so long as their government have not apologized the Iranian government and people they should not be allowed to return to Iran.

If any negligence is seen as for expulsion of the ambassadors of Japan, Canada and Australia in Tehran, the devotees of the Islamic Revolution and the martyr's families would not allow the embassies of the trio to operate in Iran, he noted.

Shariatmadari said with a view to what has happened till now, the least reaction to the joint ploys of the United States and its allies, translated into action under the eyes of the United Nations, would be for Iran to immediately withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty, (NPT).

Shariatmadari argued that the main objective of the United States and its allies which set forth and approved the anti-Iran resolution is to disarm the Islamic Republic and turn it into an agonizing state like Iraq and finally to overthrow it.

The Friday resolution of the IAEA governing council is nothing but an action to blackmail Iran, he said adding that the resolution is by no means in line with the laws and regulations of the IAEA code.

The immediate approval of the anti-Iran resolution is an ominous act that ignores all the legal and judicial mechanisms of Islamic Iran and even negates the very existence of the Islamic system, Shariatmadari said.

He commented on the voice heard as for the protocols 93+2 and said some 60 percent of the oil required by the West is produced in the Persian Gulf and if Iran is banned from exporting oil then it would not allow the oil export from the entire region.

Shariatmadari's comments came as Iran's permanent representative to the United Nations blamed the United States for its efforts to deprive Iran of nuclear power.

((( It seems that the regime wants to fight against the universe )))...!LOL

11 posted on 09/14/2003 1:25:29 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: AdmSmith

Iran widens talks on development of Azedegan oilfield

The National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) has reportedly asked more international oil companies to consider bidding for the development of the Azadegan oilfield, in addition to a Japanese consortium which is already negotiating a sector, IRNA reported from London.

According to next Monday`s edition of Middle East Economic Survey, the move is designed to divert US pressure on the ongoing talks with the Japanese to link negotiations to the intense debate over Iran`s nuclear program.

The Iranian Oil Ministry believes that widening the scope of the the discussion on the huge Azedegan field will reduce the pressure on Japan by increasing the number of countries which the US would need to win over, the Cyprus-based weekly suggested.

NIOC was said to have invited a handful of European and Asian companies to obtain details of the development and whether they would like to take the talks further.

Russian and China were reported to have offered to take over the dlrs 2.8 billion when it was reported in July that the Japanese consortium was considering suspending negotiations in the face of threatened US sanctions.

Japan`s interest in developing the field with reserves estimated at between 5-6 billion barrels followed its loss of oil rights in Saudi Arabia in 2000.

But the readiness of Russia and China to step in was seen as demonstrating the difficulties faced by the Bush administration in its efforts to halt Iran`s alleged nuclear weapons program through economic sanctions.

At the time, the Financial Times suggested that the loss of Azadegan to China would be a serious blow to Japan because both are competing for energy sources in the Middle East.
12 posted on 09/14/2003 1:32:03 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: F14 Pilot
From the Daily Star Lebanon:

A killing Iran might not be able to shake

An authoritarian state is like the universe in that much of its mass consists of dark matter. The beast hiding behind the facade can be glimpsed only in brief flashes provoked by lighting from occasional political thunderstorms. These last longer when the authoritarian state is weak and when its society contains democratic components. That?s why a great deal of the murky operations of the Iranian judiciary will be exposed before the storm blows over the recent death of Iranian-Canadian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi, who died on July 10 as a result of injuries sustained while being interrogated in an Iranian prison.

One can contrast the episode with what happened 17 years ago during the Iran-Contra affair. In November 1986, a rogue clergyman named Mehdi Hashemi embarrassed Iran?s government by leaking the story of its clandestine contacts with the US to a Lebanese magazine. He was swiftly tried and put to death, but damage control was not optimal. In exposing the gun-slinging ayatollah?s shadowy career, the state also exposed itself as one in which activities similar to his could go unpunished if the perpetrators did not defy the system. But the revelations were too oblique, scant and controlled to compare to scandals that in democratic systems interrupt illegal activities and occasionally bring down governments. The clergyman?s trial did not amount to a ?Hashemigate.?

At the outset of President Mohammad Khatami?s first term in 1997-98, a band of state-sponsored assassins who had done away with scores of undesirables under the previous government concluded that the reformers lacked the backbone to interfere with their activities. This encouraged them to continue with the business of assassinating dissidents, ending with the grisly murder of the renowned nationalist politician Daryoush Forouhar and his wife. But Khatami stood firm (for the first and last time in his presidency), and as a result the perpetrators were brought to justice and the information ministry uncovered as the den of their nefarious activities.

However, the light went out as soon as Khatami?s government faltered in its his resolve to see the case through. As a result the lines of command leading up from the perpetrators were never officially explored. What followed would make a mafia don blush: the ringleader was found dead (allegedly by suicide) and the trials of the accused were so rigged by the partisan judiciary as to preclude reference to those who had ordered the assassinations. Subsequently, Saeed Hajjarian, a veteran information official and reformist who headed a committee that captured the culprits, was assassinated. Akar Ganji, a top journalist investigating the political network of the murderers, was imprisoned on trumped up charges.
Once again, although the modus operandi of the ?shadow government? that had ordered the killings remained in the limelight for a much longer period than during the trial of Hashemi, a ?Forouhargate? never materialized.

The murder of Kazemi at the hands of the right-wing judiciary however, may very well turn into a ?Kazemigate.? To begin with, the victim?s Canadian nationality ensures the investigation will not be compromised as a result of insider deals. The murder is now cast as an international crisis along with Iran?s nuclear ambitions and the role Tehran may have played in the attack on the Jewish Community Center in Buenos Aires. Therefore, it cannot be snuffed out for partisan and personal reasons, or in the name of preserving the honor of ?the holy order of the Islamic Republic.?

Furthermore, the murder of Kazemi was different from previous scandals in that it occurred on the active fault lines of Iran?s reform-right-wing divide. After seven years of oppression by the right, such reform leaders as the parliamentarian Mohsen Armin (who regularly and publicly challenges the judiciary?s fabrications about Kazemi?s death) have little to lose by hanging tough on this issue. They consider the judiciary a brutal and dastardly organization that has perverted the cause of justice in order to crush both reform and dissent. Khatami?s information ministry has also refused to play the scapegoat and obtained the release of two of its employees wrongfully arrested by the judges as the main suspects in this case.
The coming Kazemigate will direct a powerful searchlight at the violent and secret world that Akbar Ganji has called Iran?s ?dungeon of ghosts.? It could also focus the world?s attention on the intractable problem of torture in Iran. But its disclosures will not be as devastating to the system as a Forouhargate might have been. Unlike those killings, Kazemi?s murder does not seem to have been part of a larger scheme. Nor is it likely that the lines of command will lead all the way up to the top of the system.

However, at the very least some illustrious right-wing heads must roll, starting with that of the notorious judge Saeed Mortazavi, who personally supervised Kazemi?s interrogation and later attempted to cover up her death by issuing false statements about its circumstances and causes. We can also expect a heavy blow to the right-wing judiciary for its perverted, proto-legal campaign against the democratic movement and for its brutalization and torture of dissidents.

Ahmad Sadri is a professor of sociology at Lake Forest College in Illinois. He wrote this commentary for THE DAILY STAR
13 posted on 09/14/2003 1:35:34 AM PDT by AdmSmith
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To: AdmSmith
Thank you for that article, many excellent points.
14 posted on 09/14/2003 1:48:45 AM PDT by BlackVeil
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To: BlackVeil; AdmSmith; Pro-Bush; nuconvert; onyx; DoctorZIn; Monty22; Eala; dixiechick2000; ...
Asefi: Iran is examining how to continue cooperation with IAEA

Tehran, Sept 14, IRNA -- Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid-Reza Asefi said here on Sunday that the Islamic Republic is examining how to continue cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for what he said was the poor performance of the agency.

Asefi told reporters in his weekly press briefing that the related organizations are currently studying how to continue cooperation with IAEA, adding that the results of this study will be announced later.

"The Islamic Republic from the beginning had declared that the IAEA must act professionally and had warned the agency not to enter a political game," he said.

"However, the agency has been regretfully misused by certain Western states, particularly the US, and the process of debates and the behind-the-scene lobbies showed that Iran`s warnings were right and that the IAEA has overlooked its professional work and has entered political bickering."

The IAEA Board of Governors last Friday set an October 31 deadline for Iran to prove it is pursuing peaceful nuclear programs. The resolution that was submitted by Canada, Japan and Australia also calls on Tehran to clarify its nuclear program by the end of October and to suspend its uranium enrichment program.

Asefi said the fact that the resolution had been passed by the IAEA Board of Governors without taking votes showed that the atmosphere in the meeting had not been natural.

"The efforts by the US and certain Western states show that they want to deprive Iran of its natural and legitimate right to acquire nuclear technology," he said. "The Islamic Republic cannot overlook this natural and legitimate right, but the measure by the IAEA created very serious doubts about its performance."

Elsewhere in his remarks, the Foreign Ministry spokesman said Japan, Canada and Australia had taken a very improper step to submit the resolution against Iran, stressing that Tehran would give the suitable response by using the due diplomatic capacities.

Answering a question on Russia`s position toward the IAEA anti-Iran resolution, Asefi said the position of all countries toward the issue is not equal, and that Tehran will adopt an appropriate consideration according to the position of each country. "Russia will not side with the Western countries, but its positions were not the same that we expected.... They had their own reasoning for the decision they made," he said.

"Russia will continue its cooperation with Iran in building the Bushehr nuclear power plant, and this shows that Moscow is abiding by its commitments toward Tehran."

Also another related story to this at :

15 posted on 09/14/2003 3:21:32 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn
Iran Official Says Tehran Will Cooperate with IAEA

Sun September 14, 2003 07:04 AM ET
By Parinoosh Arami

TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran will continue to cooperate with the U.N.'s nuclear watchdog, a senior official was quoted as saying Sunday, despite hard-liners' calls for Iran to reject a U.N. deadline to prove it has no atomic arms program.

Using softer language than in recent days, Iran's ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Ali Salehi said Tehran would not make "nervous and tough reactions" to a tough IAEA resolution last week on Iran's nuclear program.

"We will continue our cooperation with the IAEA as before and our clear criticism does not mean we will sever our cooperation with the agency," the state-run Iran newspaper quoted him as saying.

But he added that Iran should not show total "obedience to the West's demands" since that "could pave the way for unlimited demands."

The IAEA has accused Tehran of failing to provide full and accurate information about its nuclear program. Iran says its nuclear facilities are solely geared to generating electricity. A resolution passed by the IAEA's governing board Friday called on Iran to clear up lingering doubts by Oct. 31 and suspend all uranium enrichment activities.

The resolution implied that if the IAEA still had concerns about Iran's nuclear activities in November, it could declare Tehran in breach of international obligations and report it to the U.N. Security Council for possible economic sanctions.

Iran insists it has no nuclear arms ambitions and accuses Washington of seeking a pretext to invade the Islamic Republic, as it has its neighbors Afghanistan and Iraq.


Several hard-line Iranian commentators have said Iran should follow North Korea's lead by expelling IAEA inspectors for good and pulling out of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi Sunday said Tehran's future cooperation with the IAEA was under review.

"The relevant authorities are discussing it and our decision will be made public in future. We haven't made a concrete decision on how to continue cooperation with the IAEA," he said.

Asefi described the IAEA resolution as "politically-motivated" and said its three co-sponsors -- Australia, Canada and Japan -- had "made a grave mistake."

Diplomats in Tehran said Iran's decision-making process was complicated by divisions in the ruling establishment.

While the reformist government led by President Mohammad Khatami has been pushing for greater cooperation with the IAEA, powerful hard-liners close to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei have argued the opposite.

"The IAEA board's tough statement may have given hard-liners greater ammunition to argue that cooperation with the IAEA merely invites greater pressure on the country," one said.

The hard-line Jomhuri-ye Eslami newspaper in an editorial on Sunday said the IAEA resolution was "a historical opportunity to clarify Iran's position against the world's oppressors."

"This resolution is against Iran's dignity and independence and Iran will not accept it," it said.

The more moderate Iran newspaper urged policy makers to bear in mind that resisting pressure to open up its nuclear program to tougher inspections "could have a negative impact on Iran's economic activities, especially foreign investment."
16 posted on 09/14/2003 4:48:02 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn; McGavin999; Eala; piasa; Valin; nuconvert; Texas_Dawg; kattracks; RaceBannon; seamole; ..
Once Again on How to End Islamist Terrorism

It is so simple that Islamist terrorism is the work of those who want to quickly get their country to become an ideal Islamist state, which they believe Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) to be since its inception in 1979. And it is not such a complex dilemma that ending Islamist terrorism can only be done by Iranian people removing IRI. Just as when Soviet Union was removed by its own people, and the people of Soviet Union finally spoke of what the nightmare of life under Communism was, and this way the Communist terrorism in the world that was inspired by Soviet "paradise" also ended, and we no longer hear of so many Communist terrorist groups that used to exist all over the world.

The above reality of Islamist terrorism is so obvious and yet it escapes the eyes of many political analysts who still hope to end terrorism with the help of some so-called "reformist" faction of IRI whose goal is not to end Islamism but is to save the Islamic state in Iran. The Islamist terrorists of Saudi Arabia were trying to recreate another Islamist state in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere, and they committed WTC heinous crimes as part of their worldwide strategy to usher in the Islamist "paradise" on Earth, and the ones in Indonesia were hoping for the same thing in Indonesia. Appeasing IRI will not help ending this Islamist *dream* of IRI which is a living force in the minds of the Islamist terrorists.

Only the Iranian people who have lived under the nightmare of Islamic Republic for 24 years in Iran can tell the world what Islamism means and that will happen after Iranian people remove IRI and replace it with a futurist secular republic which we are trying to achieve. This is how the death to America slogan of Islamists will end.

What the world people, organizations, and governments can do is at least not to legitimize IRI. The IRI lobbyists work hard even in the U.S. to censor and silence the voice of pro human rights secularists of Iran and to legitimize the Islamic Republic. They try to get the world press to be silent on organizations like MEHR that have been the only ones speaking seriously about dealing with IRI's crimes against humanity and has worked tenaciously to create a pro human rights Iranian voting block and a real Iranian lobby in the U.S. and not an IRI lobby which the IRI lobbyists have made.

When the wife of IRI's president is invited by South Africa and the so-called First Lady of Iran meets Mandela's wife to discuss women rights issues and the press just advertises it, it shows the world does not know that the women in Iran are not even allowed to dress as they wish, and they are forced to wear a scarf and have no right to get a divorce, and do not even have the right to travel without permission of their husband, and if their scarf moves a little bit, they are taken in by the morality police to be beaten up.

Treatment of women is the every day terrorism of IRI inside Iran that is being ignored by the so-called progressive organizations and personalities such as Nelson Mandela himself, who has been only appeasing IRI all these years. The IRI-supported-press are the ones that have the upper hand in the Iranian press abroad, because of being financially supported by IRI, and they censor serious fundamental exposure and critic of IRI.

Many international progressive forces in the world are silent about IRI's crimes against humanity, and many of the leftist media are fully behind the so-called Islamist "reformists" without pay, because of their erroneous mindset of cultural relativism, and go for so-called IRI reformists who still support Khomeini's fatwa to kill Salman Rushdie.

When no serious force is supporting the secularists of Iran, what can one expect in getting rid of Islamist terrorism when the Mecca of Islamist terrorists' dream is protected by appeasement. What can one hope when the Shi'a Islamists are being helped in Iraq to ascend to power when already the same approach in Afghanistan with Sunni Islamists created the Taliban which the West later had to remove.

As noted eloquently by Steven Emerson, the Islamist terrorism is not just an issue limited to the Middle East or to Middle East natives. In fact, the ones who have fought it the most have been the secularists of the Middle East, and let's remember some of the brave Iranians who even at the risk of their lives held a Candle Light Vigil in Tehran on Sept 18, 2001 for the victims of Sept 11th.

It is time to know that the same way American Dream is what kept democracy and secularism going in the U.S. and abroad, the Soviet "Dream" kept Communism going and the IRI "Dream" has kept Islamism going and unless the Islamist "dream" is ended by removal of IRI and the world learns that it has been a nightmare and not a dream, the world will still have to be dealing with Islamist terrorism which is not by the terrorists of Saudi or Iran, but by the Islamists of other countries, even American or British, who want to change their society to the Islamist Dreamland these terrorists wish for.

Hoping for a Futurist, Federal, Democratic, and Secular Republic in Iran.
17 posted on 09/14/2003 6:59:27 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: onyx; AdmSmith; nuconvert; RaceBannon; Valin; McGavin999; Persia; Eala
Think-Tank on role of Iran, EU ties

Brussels, Sept 14 - A leading European think-tank has underlined the important role and position of the Islamic Republic for the European Union, and also acknowledged the great influence of Islam in shaping European civilization.

''Iran is a very important country for the EU. As the EU develops its own independent foreign and security policy, its relations with Iran will become more important,''said John Palmer, political director of the Brussels-based European policy center said.

''This is a country of immense culture, potentially a very important economic and political partner of the EU,''said Palmer, a widely-respected analyst and former political editor for many years for the British paper the Guardian in Brussels.

He said the full democratization of Iran would be very important not only politically but in strengthening Iran's economic international impact.

''We know that the reform process is yet incomplete. We think that the interest of all Iranians lie in completing that process.''He said that Iran has a very considerable influence in the region and the Islamic world particularly in the world of Shiite Islam.

The European policy center, he noted, is an independent think-tank founded seven years ago, operating at the level of the EU and focused on how EU policy be evolved and improved.

The active cooperation of Iran is very important to resolve the problems in Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan, and terrorism, he said.

Palmer pointed out the difference in EU-US approach towards the Islamic Republic.

The EU's policy has been one of dialogue and engagement with Iran, he said, adding that''we did not agree with the 'axis of evil''characterization by the Bush administration.''

He, however, pointed to Europe's concern about Iran's nuclear program.

On the situation in the Middle East, Palmer said the Europeans have been very critical of Israeli policy in many areas.

18 posted on 09/14/2003 7:01:38 AM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: F14 Pilot
Only the Iranian people who have lived under the nightmare of Islamic Republic for 24 years in Iran can tell the world what Islamism means and that will happen after Iranian people remove IRI and replace it with a futurist secular republic which we are trying to achieve. This is how the death to America slogan of Islamists will end.

And the majority of freed Iraq wants a democracy. The call for freedom cannot be silenced.

19 posted on 09/14/2003 7:52:39 AM PDT by Pan_Yans Wife ("Life isn't fair. It's fairer than death, is all.")
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To: DoctorZIn
Iran's Leading Islamist Threatens Countries in Favour of IAEA Ultimatum

September 13, 2003
Iran Weekly Press Digest
Iran WPD

Iran’s leading Islamist, Hussein Shariatmadari, threatened on Saturday those countries in favour of the ultimatum approved at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) meeting in Vienna.

“The ambassadors of Australia, Canada and Japan should be expelled from Iran … otherwise the supporters of the Islamic revolution will not allow the three embassies to operate in Iran,” Shariatmadari wrote in an editorial in his Islamist daily Kayhan.

Shariatmadari, who enjoys the massive support within the country’s Islamists, held the three countries as the main responsibles for Friday’s IAEA ultimatum against Iran and demanded from them a formal apology.

He also called on Iran to “at least” withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty as reaction to what he called as latest conspiracy by the United States and its allies against the Islamic state.

“Accepting the ultimatum would not only be a disrespect of the country’s own political and legal structure but also that of the whole Islamic system,” Shariatmadari wrote.

In an interview with the news agency IRNA, the Iranian envoy to the IAEA, Ali-Akbar Salehi, termed the positions taken by countries such as Britain, France, Germany and the U.S. as “radical” with the sole aim of realizing their own political interests.

“Their radical requests are not only illegal but also realistically not feasible as even if the charges were correct, the time until the deadline (until October 31) would not be enough to clarify them,” Salehi said.
20 posted on 09/14/2003 8:20:41 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Mullahs Cooperating with the Jordanian Monarch?

September 13, 2003
Yahoo News

AMMAN -- Jordan has charged 15 people suspected of belonging to the al Qaeda or Ansar al-Islam groups with planning terrorist attacks on U.S., Jordanian and Israeli targets, a Jordanian official has said.

The official said on Saturday only one member of the group, Ahmed Mahmoud Saleh al-Riyati, who was arrested by U.S. troops in northern Iraq in March, was in custody. The rest -- 12 Jordanians and two Iraqis -- were being tried in absentia.

The group includes Mullah Krekar, Kurdish Iraqi founder of Ansar al-Islam, a group accused by the United States of links to al Qaeda. Krekar, who has been living in Norway as a refugee since 1991, is also being sought by Jordan on drugs smuggling charges. He denies both charges.

State security prosecutor Colonel Mahmoud Obeidat filed the indictment about ten days ago, the official said, adding that no date had yet been set for the trial.

Jordanian newspapers said all the suspects -- apart from Krekar -- were living in Iran.

"The first suspect (Riyati), and the rest of the suspects belonged to al Qaeda and Ansar al-Islam and members of the two groups have agreed to hit American and Israeli targets all over the world and to commit aggression against foreign tourists and security forces in Jordan," Jordan's Al-Rai daily quoted the indictment as saying.

According to the charge sheet, the group was linked to Ahmad Fadheel Nazal al-Khalayleh, better known as Abu Musab Zarqawi, a suspected associate of bin Laden and an expert in toxins. He was sentenced to death in absentia by a Jordanian court in September last year for plotting attacks against U.S. and Israeli targets in the kingdom.

Jordan's Prime Minister Ali Abu al-Ragheb last December named Zarqawi -- who a Saudi official recently said was being held by Iran -- as the mastermind behind the murder on October 28 of U.S. diplomat Lawrence Foley on the doorstep of his home in Amman.

Jordanian media have speculated that King Abdullah, who this month became the first Jordanian monarch to visit Iran since the 1979 Islamic revolution, was seeking -- among other things -- to establish broad cooperation and "specific data" on al Qaeda members recently arrested by Iran.

Iran did not confirm reports that it has Zarqawi in custody.
21 posted on 09/14/2003 8:22:01 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Premature Iraqification

September 13, 2003
Weekly Standard
Reuel Marc Gerecht

Though far from fine-tuned, the Bush administration has finally developed an exit strategy for Iraq. The strategy has two prongs. Through the State Department, the administration will seek to "internationalize" the forces of occupation by obtaining a new U.N. Security Council resolution that would "authorize" Turks, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Moroccans, Indians, and even the French to send their troops. Concurrently through the Defense Department, it will strive to create larger all-Iraqi police and military forces that can work together with--and ideally replace--American soldiers who battle former Baathists, militant Sunni fundamentalists, and foreign jihadists.

The approaches are complementary and separable: No matter what happens in the Security Council, the Pentagon will increasingly hand off internal security to the natives, sooner rather than later. Where only two or three months ago Ambassador Paul Bremer's Coalition Provisional Authority in Baghdad foresaw a distinctly gradual transfer of political and military authority to Iraqis, the time frame and the order of that transition are now blurred. The political process was to have preceded and determined the creation of police, paramilitary, and military forces. Now, with a sense of urgency provoked by the August bombings at the U.N. headquarters in Baghdad and at a mosque in Najaf, the administration is stressing the "Iraqification" of internal security as a means of diminishing the American casualty rate and the terrorist-guerrilla activity in the central Sunni Arab lands of Iraq. As the chief of the U.S. Central Command, General John Abizaid, pithily put it, we've got to "do a lot more to bring an Iraqi face to the security establishments throughout Iraq very quickly."

Unlike the U.N.-internationalist argument, the all-Iraq approach is morally compelling. There is something unsettling about wanting to have foreign soldiers come die in Iraq in lieu of Americans, which is, if we are to be brutally honest, what many U.S. officials and, it appears, all the Democratic presidential candidates are asking for. The bombing of the U.N. headquarters drove home what should have been obvious: The forces that are killing American soldiers and their Iraqi allies will also gladly kill foreigners, be they European, Arab, or Latin American. As Senator John McCain remarked in a recent hearing, "So . . . we're going to ask for international troops to come in . . . and we'll tell them they'll take casualties, [but] Americans won't take the casualties. I don't get the logic there." To his credit, McCain has been the only voice in the U.S. government to have demurred at this kind of "burden sharing." This is, of course, the post-Vietnam mentality that Osama bin Laden so trenchantly mocked. By contrast, for Iraqis to die in lieu of Americans to ensure their country's freedom from Baathists and Islamic holy warriors does make moral sense. Ultimately, only the Iraqis can create a functioning democracy in their homeland.

Yet "Iraqification," as it may soon be advanced by the Bush administration, isn't likely to solve Iraq's most pressing problems. Indeed, if the Pentagon and the Coalition Provisional Authority move too expeditiously, they may well repeat the great sin of modern Iraqi history by creating security forces before the political system can absorb, socialize, and politically neutralize them. If the United States moves too quickly to rebuild an Iraqi army designed primarily to root out former Baathists, Sunni militants, and jihadists, it could unintentionally reinstall the structure and ethos of the pre-Baath Iraqi army, whose primary mission from its inception was to confront internal, not external, threats. The pre-Baath army--contrary to the public reminiscences of the former military officers in the opposition groups paid for by the Central Intelligence Agency--was a predatory institution that consistently defined its interests as the nation's.

In moving hastily, the administration could be tempted to draw significantly from the former Sunni Arab military officer corps, the Sunni Arab rank and file, and the few Shiite Arab officers who had risen to senior positions in Saddam Hussein's completely politicized army. Unintentionally, the administration could transgress a red line with Iraq's Shiite clergy, who are closely watching how America handles the reconstitution of Iraq's security forces. It was the army, in Sunni Arab hands, and the British that denied the Shiites their rightful predominance in the country's first parliament after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Without the army, Iraq's succession of dictators could never have destroyed its once vibrant culture.

It bears repeating: Any action by the Coalition Provisional Authority that fundamentally compromises its relationship with the Shiite clergy is unwise. Whatever trouble the Bush administration thinks it is currently having in Iraq, it will look back wistfully to this time if the Shiites go into opposition. The bombings in Najaf have already partially reactivated the Badr Brigade, the Iranian-created paramilitary force behind the slain Shiite leader, Muhammad Baqr al-Hakim. If there are any more major bombings in the Shiite south, especially in the holy cities of Najaf and Karbala, the Badr Brigade will unquestionably become a permanent, active component of the Shiite landscape. So far, the Badr, along with the rest of the Shiite community, have reacted to al-Hakim's death and the attempted assassination of his nephew, Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Said al-Hakim, with equanimity. However, if the Coalition Provisional Authority missteps in the eyes of the Shiites in its rebuilding of Iraq's internal security forces, a collision with the Badr corps is by no means unthinkable. Indeed, the Authority should be prepared to preempt such possible hostility by trying to incorporate units of the Badr into any new Iraqi army.

Obviously, enormous care must be taken in building Iraq's future armed forces: This is easily the most critical task confronting the Bush administration. The finest decision of Ambassador Bremer in Iraq was to retire the remnants of the old, Sunni-dominated military. The retention of that force could have put us hopelessly at odds with the Shiites and Kurds, who are at least 80 percent of Iraq's population. However badly the U.S. military wants to share the burden in Iraq, it would be an egregious mistake to have a functioning Iraqi army before the Iraqi people have a constitution, to which Iraqi soldiers must swear their allegiance. Indeed, this is the yardstick by which we can best gauge whether Defense, panicked by the bombs of August, has become its own worst enemy.

Until recently, the bright minds in the Coalition Provisional Authority knew that the United States would be welcome in Iraq for no more than two or three years. After that, the Shiites, led by their very nationalist clergy, would likely declare the Americans defunct, no longer helpful to their political aspirations, which appear to be democratic. The authority's old birthing schedule--a constitutional convention within a year, a constitution within 18 months, national elections within 24--was a rough but sensible outline, which was to be shortened or lengthened depending on how much initiative the Iraqis displayed and how much encouragement the Americans gave them. Considering the tone and commentary now coming from the Pentagon, one has to wonder whether this outline has been jettisoned and replaced by a very loose slide rule that measures the maturity of Iraqi constitutionalism primarily by the American body count.

The sociology and politics of constructing a new Iraqi army aside, it also isn't clear that bigger internal Iraqi security forces are key to thwarting the terror-cum-guerrilla attacks of the former Baathists, Wahhabi fundamentalists, and foreign Sunni holy warriors coming over the Syrian, Iranian, and Saudi borders. It is certainly true that better Iraqi-generated intelligence about the whereabouts of these forces would greatly aid the coalition's efforts to destroy them. But it's not immediately evident why increasing the number of Iraqis under arms from approximately 50,000--the current level according to the Pentagon--to, say, 75,000 or 100,000 in the next year is going to make a decisive difference, unless the additional numbers come from the regions where the Baathists, fundamentalists, and jihadists are thriving.

It would be interesting to know, of the 50,000-plus Iraqis under arms (an impressive number given that the war ended in April), how many come from the Sunni/Baathist strongholds of Ramadi and Tikrit. In all probability, the numbers there aren't large. The advantage of "all-Iraqi" security forces in these towns, where popular sentiment definitely seems to be nostalgic for the rule of Sunnis, the Sunni-dominated Baath, or both, would be in such forces' ability to sleuth out the whereabouts of the guerrillas and terrorists and their most operationally critical sympathizers. Sending more non-Ramadi and non-Tikriti Iraqi security officials into these towns might conceivably spur the patriotism of the hard-core denizens who have become guerrillas-cum-terrorists and their key supporters, but it doesn't seem likely. These pro-Saddam and militant Sunni fighters are playing for keeps. An Iraqi face on security doesn't appear likely to make them less inclined to kill Iraqis, Americans, or other foreigners. These men know their world is over unless they down both the Americans and the Iraqis--overwhelmingly Arab Shiites and Kurds--who will inherit power in Uncle Sam's wake. With either the Americans or the Iraqis on the cutting edge of internal security or in control of the national government, the hard-core insurrectionists have to be arrested or killed. One day they might, just possibly, be reeducated (converted Communists and Nazis have existed), but increasing the number of armed Iraqis whom they consider traitors can't accomplish this over the next several months.

And does the Bush administration really want newly constituted Iraqi security forces in the thick of things in the hostile Sunni belt? Any successful national internal security force will have to reflect more or less the composition of the Iraqi population. Do we want to send so soon a force overwhelmingly composed of Shiites and Kurds into Tikrit or Ramadi? If local police in the Sunni regions have so far proved ineffective in penetrating and thwarting homegrown or imported guerrilla and terrorist forces in their regions, it may well be because they lack the will to do so.

Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld suggested this when he chided Iraqis on his recent visit to their country. "This country belongs to the Iraqi people, and in the last analysis it's the Iraqi people who will provide the security in this country," he said. "Instead of pointing fingers . . . at the security forces of the coalition because there are acts of violence taking place against the Iraqi people, . . . it's important for the Iraqi people to step up and take responsibility for the security by providing information to . . . [the Americans] to a greater extent than they're doing."

Of course, Iraqi Sunnis might not want "to step up" because the Americans did a lackadaisical job of arresting former Baathists after the fall of Baghdad. These Iraqi Sunnis may think that America's "footprint" in their neighborhoods is too light, not too heavy. They might disagree with Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz when he recently echoed the sentiments of former New York City police chief Bernie Kerik, who was overseeing the creation of a new national Iraqi police force: ". . . if you triple the number of coalition forces, [per Kerik], 'You'll probably triple the attacks on the troops.'" (According to this logic, the Pentagon ought to have a pint-size force patrolling the heartland of Saddam's power.)

In a post-totalitarian society, it is, of course, quite understandable for even the bravest individuals to fear coming forward. In Iraq, where Saddam's killers may in many areas control the streets, it's sensible to stay ignorant and keep your head down. It is also possible that a great many Iraqi Sunnis are still spiritually allied with the old Sunni Baath order. If this is true--and this is the worst-case scenario--then the Pentagon is going to have to be much more intrusive than it has so far been. Counterinsurgency wars are ugly and labor intensive.

Yet the Pentagon's contention is undoubtedly true that more Iraqis are needed to aid the coalition forces. "Iraqification" ought to be a question of degree and speed, not kind. Having more anti-Saddam Iraqis directly reaching out to their countrymen would certainly work vastly better than having Kevlar-clad Americans in armored vehicles waiting for tips. The Iraqi National Congress's Ahmad Chalabi was right when he argued long before the war began that America would need Iraqi eyes and ears both attached to and independent of U.S. military forces.

The State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency strenuously and successfully fought this plan. Truth be told, the Pentagon, including its civilian leadership, failed to go to the mat to ensure that a large Iraqi expeditionary force was ready by March. It is worth noting, too, that the Sunni-dominated oppositionist groups that the CIA and the State Department liked--most famously the coup-plotting Iraqi National Accord--have, according to Pentagon and CIA officials, so far accomplished little to nothing on the ground in Iraq. Whatever influence the Iraqi National Accord had among the Sunni military elite and the Baath party, it's not translated into any intelligence punch on behalf of U.S. soldiers fighting in the Sunni belt. By comparison, the Iraqi National Congress, whatever its faults, has been more successful in its tactical understanding of the post-Saddam battleground.

In any case, the Pentagon's all-purpose refrain that it could succeed if only it had good intelligence is a truism that suggests its offensive tactics may be lacking. On the ground, intelligence, particularly the human kind, is always less than it should be. The CIA has been for decades between mediocre and awful in supplying human intelligence on Iraq. With hard targets like ex-Baathists, Wahhabi fundamentalists, and foreign jihadists of various stripes, there is no reason to believe that the clandestine service will be any more effective now than in the past.

If the Pentagon really doesn't think the coalition is winning on the ground--and any honest observer who's been to Iraq can certainly make a case that the coalition is doing passably well--then it should switch tactics and stop scolding the Iraqis for their sub-par performance. In the short-term--and given the likely two or three-year maximum mandate the United States will have from the Iraqi people, the short-term is what matters--the battle for hearts and minds in Iraq is for the United States to lose, not for all-Iraqi security forces to win. The latter have an important role to play in securing their country for a freer, democratic future. But we need to be careful not to put the cart before the horse.

The mandate and daily practice of the Iraqi Governing Council, the coming, tempestuous constitutional convention, and the new constitution itself are what ought to preoccupy the Bush administration after the bombs of August. The forging of decent new political institutions should be the means by which we transfer power to the Iraqi people and neutralize the forces that want to destroy a democratic Iraq before it is born. Would that the Pentagon, the Coalition Provisional Authority, and the State Department spent more time talking in detail about that exit strategy.

From the September 22, 2003 issue: Why creating Iraqi government and security can't be done overnight.

Reuel Marc Gerecht is a resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and a contributing editor to The Weekly Standard.
22 posted on 09/14/2003 8:24:08 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Iraqis are Wary of International Involvement

September 14, 2003
Los Angeles Times
Alissa J. Rubin

BAGHDAD, Iraq — Iraqis say they are concerned that moves by the United States to bring other countries into the military and reconstruction efforts here are likely to create more problems than they solve, and may prolong the occupation of Iraq by foreigners.

There is broad agreement that including soldiers from any of the neighboring states — especially Turkey, Saudi Arabia or Iran — would run the risk of creating more instability because all three have highly charged relationships with some Iraqi groups. The Kurds, for instance, are extremely wary of the Turks, who they see as oppressors. And, many Iraqis are uncomfortable with the United Nations, which they see as a heavily bureaucratic organization that is unable to unwilling to spend enough money to put the country back on its feet.

"Generally speaking we would not want other foreign forces to enter Iraq . . . the point is that Iraqis should take control, not foreigners, as soon as possible," said Naseer Chadirji, a member of the Governing Council and president of the National Democratic Movement.

Mohammed Tawfiq, a leading Kurdish politician from the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, who now serves as the minister of minerals and industry, was blunt about the prospect of soldiers arriving from neighboring countries. "It is very important to us that none of the neighbors are involved," he said.

Kurds live primarily in three countries — Turkey, Iraq and Iran. They have long struggled for an independent state, which the Turks view as a threat to their territorial integrity.

Habib Jabber, a professor of political science at Baghdad University, said any benefit to Iraq was not the primary reason the United States was seeking broader international involvement.

"This is being done for your own internal reasons — political reasons, economic reasons, he said. "This isn't for the Iraqi people."

Jabber, like many Iraqis, rattled off an array of reasons why internationalization made little sense to Iraqis. The Iraqis' biggest complaint is that the U.S.-led occupation force has failed to bring security and stability, both of which are prerequisites for a vigorous rebuilding effort. They say it is doubtful that international troops will do any better, and might even worsen the situation because of language and cultural barriers.

"If they sent 500,000 Iraqis to Jordan to police the country, do you think they would do a good job?" he asked. "And in that case, they speak the language and share traditions, but still, wouldn't Jordanians do a better job themselves?"

If foreign troops do come in, they should be under American control to prevent coordination problems, said Tawfiq.

The Iraqi view of the United Nations seems anything but sanguine, in part due to the organization's role in imposing and enforcing sanctions against the country during former President Saddam Hussein's rule. The U.N. is viewed as an agent of the United States, but a more difficult one to manage because of the multilateral interests that govern it.

Policymakers regard the United Nations as underfinanced for the rebuilding job facing the country.

"Iraq needs a lot of money, the infrastructure is destroyed; Iraq needs to recover in every aspect of life," said Tawfiq, adding that when he worked with the United Nations in Kurdistan, he found the bureaucracy overwhelming. In Iraq, the biggest need is for adequate financing of the ministries so that they can do their job, Tawfiq said.

Jabber, the political scientist agreed: "We know the bureaucracy of the U.N. is huge and they will not spend the money necessary to reconstruct Iraq.",1713,BDC_2420_2258561,00.html

23 posted on 09/14/2003 8:25:22 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn

NY Post
September 14, 2003

AS the U.N. Security Council debates the draft of a new Iraq resolution sponsored by the United States and its allies, two questions need to be asked.
First, what is the problem that the coalition faces in Iraq? Second, what is it that the United Nations can do that the coalition cannot?

Like other liberated countries, Iraq will have to go through four phases.

1) Liberation itself - that is to say, the toppling of the regime and the dismantling of its apparatus of control.

When the war started, some 12 percent of Iraq's territory, inhabited by the Kurds, was already "liberated." A further 85 percent was liberated within three weeks. In some cases, liberation came even before U.S.-U.K. troops arrived on the scene.

Now the fallen regime still maintains a presence, though no control, in some 3 percent of the territory, in the so-called Sunni Triangle. What is needed there is search and destroy action - a task that the United Nations cannot perform.

2) Pacification: This means disarming non-state groups and re-imposing law and order.

That task is already under way in large chunks of Iraqi territory. Some parts of central and northern Iraq are, in fact, moving beyond pacification into the phase of reconstruction.

But in a number of localities - notably parts of Baghdad, plus the former garrison towns of Faluja, Baaquba, Durra, Ramadi and Anah - pacification is in early stages. Also, parts of the desert between the Euphrates and Jordan are infested with bandits, allied with smuggling networks created in the 1990s.

THE presence of a dozen foreign terrorist groups further complicates the situation. Some of these looted abandoned army arsenals in the first phases of the war. Others have received reinforcements, often through Syrian and Iranian borders.

Pacification needs a strong police presence and patient detective work, backed by anti-terrorism expertise. That, again, is something the United Nations cannot offer.

3) Reconstruction: In some parts of the country, that phase has began. Iraq's main wealth-producing infrastructure, including the oil industry, the hydroelectric complexes, the railroads, the airports and the seaports have been secured and, where damaged, repaired. On the other hand, in public services such as hospitals, schools, and parts of the bureaucracy, reconstruction remains modest or non-existent.

Here, the United Nations, acting through specialized agencies, and helped by non-governmental organizations and charities, could play a role.

4) Democratization: This phase, too, has started. A new, privately-owned and free media industry is being established. Dozens of political parties are active in a country used to one-party rule since 1958. People are discovering the excitement of holding demonstrations without being herded by the authorities. Shops, tea-houses, mosques and village squares have been turned into agoras where anything and everything can be discussed.

When it comes to holding a constitutional referendum, and then parliamentary elections, the United Nations can and must play a key role.

THE Bush administration has not offered any clear reason for going to the United Nations at this time. The reason most commonly cited is that a new resolution would enable the coalition to attract troops from other countries. But how many additional troops are needed?

Gen. Ricardo Sanchez, the U.S. commander in Baghdad, says he would be happy with a few thousand more men. The State Department talks of an additional division, around 15,000 men. Some retired American generals, failing to resist the temptation of second-guessing those now in command, have cited figures as high as 30,000.

Supposing the coalition gets an additional 30,000, its total strength in Iraq would be close to 200,000 men. Taking into account the share of the back-up personnel and the realities of rotations, that would mean an additional 10,000 men in the field at any given time. And that is hardly worth the risk of exposing Iraq to the dangers of the diplomatic skulduggery that has paralyzed the United Nations since last December.

IN any case, it is not at all certain where the 30,000 men would come from. Russia, half of its army bogged down in Chechnya, has no troops to spare. France is unable to make a significant contribution because of commitments in Cote d'Ivoire and Congo. Germany may be able to send a few hundred men, provided Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder can sell the idea to the left of his party. The Arab countries are out - either because their armies are committed to internal or external conflicts of their own, or because they would be unwelcome in Iraq.

Neighboring Iran has lots of troops. But would anyone want Iranians to have an army in Iraq?

Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld has pinned his hopes on India, Pakistan and Turkey.

He is mistaken.

Last June, India agreed to send 10,000 troops - but soon backed out because the opposition Congress Party seized the issue as a plank of its strategy in the forthcoming general election. The coalition government led by Premier Atal Bihari Vajpayee tried to fudge its change of mind by claiming that it needed a U.N. resolution. But even if there is a U.N. resolution, India will not commit troops to Iraq at this stage.

Pakistan has agreed to send 4,000 men. But would the Iraqis want them?

For the past two decades, Pakistan has been the scene of sectarian feuds between Sunnis and Shiites with the army's intelligence service, ISI, playing a diabolical role. (An estimated 20,000 people have died in those feuds since 1980). Is the risk of bringing Pakistani sectarian feuds into Iraq worth taking?

FINALLY, we have Turkey, one of Iraq's neighbors. Ask any Iraqi, and you will see that Turkey's motives are suspect. The Kurds regard Turkey as hostile because of its decades-long campaign to wipe out Kurdish culture and language. Iraqi Arabs fear that Turkey's hidden agenda includes the annexation of Iraq's oil-rich northern provinces.

What matters is the attitude of the Iraqi people.

If the Iraqis were hostile to foreign military presence, not even a million troops would be able to move the country from pacification to democratization.

Yet not a single Iraqi party or politician is asking the Americans to leave. They want the United States to stay and help Iraq stand on its feet again - and then leave.

What the coalition needs is manpower to relieve the GIs from such mundane tasks as patrolling streets, protecting officials and doing police work for which they are not trained or equipped.

That type of manpower is best found inside Iraq.

HERE is how. The two "governments" in the Kurdish "safe haven" have a combined force of some 80,000 fighters. With Saddam gone, the bulk of that force is no longer needed. The coalition could easily ask for at least 10,000 to be assigned to such tasks as guarding the borders with Kuwait and Jordan, for example, and protecting buildings and infrastructural installations, thus relieving U.S. and British combat troops.

The various Iraqi political parties present in the Governing Council had their armed groups numbering around 12,000. Last May, the coalition decided to disarm and disperse them. That was a mistake. At least half of those forces could be quickly reconstituted and assigned to tasks such as protecting political figures and technical experts, again relieving the coalition's combat troops.

Since liberation, an estimated 400 Iraqi army officers, including several generals, who had defected to the US and Europe, have returned home. They would have little difficulty recruiting and training a division within weeks.

The dissolution of the Iraqi army was a mistake. The best way to correct it is the creation of a new army that incorporates elements from the old.

WASHINGTON also sees a new U.N. resolution as a way of sharing the cost of the occupation. That, too, is an illusion.

Russia and China have no money to spare. France and Germany, for their part, are running budget deficits in excess of what is allowed under Eurozone rules. Both face negative economic growth. Having opposed the war, they won't be able to persuade their publics, whipped into a frenzy of anti-Americanism, to pay for its consequences.

So, where could the money come from?

There are three obvious sources.

The first is Iraq itself. By next January, Iraq should be in a position to reach its OPEC quota. That would produce an annual income of $22 billion, almost exactly what the US is now spending in Iraq.

The second could be Arab countries. In the 1980s, several Arab states subsidized Saddam Hussein to the tune of $3 billion a year. So why not help Iraq rebuild itself now?

The third source of cash could be an Iraq reconstruction bond, issued in global capital markets. With interest rates at an all-time low and a glut of capital, such bonds, backed by the world's second largest oil reserves, would not be frowned at.

THE practical contribution that the United Nations can make in Iraq today is minimal. Its presence in a position of command could cause more problems than it might solve. It may be useful only in support of coalition, and not as its replacement.
24 posted on 09/14/2003 8:39:58 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: Pan_Yans Wife; fat city; freedom44; Tamsey; Grampa Dave; PhiKapMom; McGavin999; Hinoki Cypress; ...

NY Post
September 14, 2003

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail me”
25 posted on 09/14/2003 8:41:07 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Iranian cleric in nuclear rage

Herald Sun

IRAN'S leading Islamist, Hussein Shariatmadari, yesterday called for diplomatic retaliation against Australia over the nuclear controversy.

He also threatened popular action against the Australian embassy if Iran failed to expel the Australian ambassador.
Australia backed the United Nations nuclear watchdog's ultimatum to Iran that it answer questions and fully co-operate with inspections. The International Atomic Energy Agency gave Iran until October 31 to respond.

Iran's Foreign Ministry said last night Tehran was considering whether to continue co-operating with the IAEA.

"The nature of our co-operation . . . is under consideration," Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi said.

Iran has said it has no nuclear arms ambition and its nuclear program is solely geared to generating electricity. It has accused the United States of seeking a pretext to invade Iran, as it had Iraq and Afghanistan.

Ali-Akbar Salehi, the Iranian envoy to the IAEA, told the Ger man magazine Spiegel Iran could block all co-operation and possibly even follow North Korea in pulling out of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

But he said Iran was "still committed to our international obligations on our nuclear programs".

Mr Shariatmadari blamed Aus tralia, Canada and Japan for passage of the IAEA ultimatum.

Demanding a formal apology, he said supporters would not allow their embassies to operate in Iran.,5478,7266465%255E662,00.html
26 posted on 09/14/2003 10:24:31 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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To: DoctorZIn
Selling reconstruction bonds is an excellent idea. Iraq should think seriously about that one.
27 posted on 09/14/2003 6:52:56 PM PDT by McGavin999
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To: DoctorZIn
Policymakers regard the United Nations as underfinanced for the rebuilding job facing the country.

How could this possibly be? The UN made millions of dollars from the "oil for food" program.

28 posted on 09/14/2003 9:18:15 PM PDT by Pan_Yans Wife ("Life isn't fair. It's fairer than death, is all.")
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To: F14 Pilot
"adopt measures to expel from Iran the ambassadors of Japan, Australia and Canada."

Keeping the regime fighting everyone is good.
They're not used to having to deal with so much unrest and so many issues from different countries all at once.
Let's keep them occupied.

29 posted on 09/14/2003 9:28:11 PM PDT by nuconvert
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To: DoctorZIn
Shots Near British Embassy Staff Compound in Iran

Mon September 15, 2003 01:17 AM ET

TEHRAN (Reuters) - Shots were fired opposite the main gate of the residential compound of the British Embassy in Iran, but nobody was hurt, a British diplomat said Monday.
Britain protested "strongly" to Iran last week after the second of two drive-by shootings around the British embassy in Tehran in under a week.

The latest shooting took place Sunday, British diplomat Andrew Greenstock told Reuters. "There were witnesses. It seems to be two men on a bike again," Greenstock said.

On September 9, a British diplomat in Tehran said three or four shots were fired at or near the embassy. Witnesses said they saw them coming from two men on a motorcycle.

There was a similar incident the previous week when gunshots also apparently fired from a passing motorcycle pierced windows in the embassy building that stands near a busy street.

Tensions have been rising between Tehran and London over Britain's arrest at Argentina's request of a former Iranian diplomat over the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires that killed 85 people

Iran has said the case is politically motivated and called for the swift release of Hadi Soleimanpour, who was Iran's ambassador to Argentina at the time of the bombing. He was studying in Britain when arrested last month.

Another Related Link:
30 posted on 09/14/2003 10:53:36 PM PDT by F14 Pilot
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To: DoctorZIn
This thread is now closed.

Join Us At Today's Iranian Alert Thread

Live Thread Ping List | DoctorZin

"If you want on or off this Iran ping list, Freepmail DoctorZin”

31 posted on 09/15/2003 12:10:22 AM PDT by DoctorZIn
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