Skip to comments.Courage to Be Catholic
Posted on 04/25/2008 12:06:53 PM PDT by NYer
click here to read article
A good list.
1. You are confessing to God, not to the priest. He is simply God's authorized representative.
2. God in the person of Jesus Christ directly authorized his apostles to hear confession: "Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained." John 20:23. The apostles could not decide which sins to remit and which to retain, without hearing them.
3. Apostolic succession transmits that authorization to the successors of the apostles.
I will add, fwiw, that my former denomination had "General Confession", in which the congregation as a whole recites a confession and receives absolution. There is no comparison with the act of making an auricular confession -- in preparation for Confession and contemplating your sins in kind and in number, you become acutely aware of them in a way that you cannot with just a general confession. I find it a tremendous help in trying to "walk the walk".
I was way, way, way out in the country, at a small Georgia county's brand new Community Center, helping set up a banquet hall for the Hunting Retriever Club Grand Hunt, which our club is sponsoring this year. After helping set up tables and stuff giveaway bags for the handlers, I was wandering around the empty entrance hall, which had a high dome overhead and amazing acoustics. So amazing that I was moved to sing the "Regina Coeli" chant. It did sound fabulous, almost as good as singing in the shower.
About ten minutes later the janitor came through pushing a broom, and I told him what a lovely building they had. He asked, "Were you the one singing out here?" and I admitted I was. Turned out he loved music too, and we talked about sacred music for awhile. He was a deacon at the local Apostolic Holiness church, and I did hesitate for just a minute about admitting that I was a Catholic, but I did, and we talked a little bit about ministries and what our churches did. I did say that, "I know some folks think Catholics don't know Scripture, but we have Bible Study 3 times a week - " and we quoted each other a few verses of a general kind about going out into the world and preaching, and decided it was right for churches to wear their hearts on their sleeves, and that Christians should stick together!
We worked hard from 10 AM until we finished cleaning up around 9 PM, and every time we met as we passed, we smiled at each other.
I think I made a friend!
I saw her speak at the Campus Crusade for Christ Christmas Conferences (Chicago-1982 & KC83). I have one of her books (The Mark Of A Man) somewhere in my closet. I always liked her.
She’s as absolutely authentic and candid . . . wise and truly spiritual
as they come.
Very Christ-like, imho.
Thank you for those links.
First, do you believe we, as Christians, should pray for each other? If yes, do you believe Christians who leave this realm are truly dead or do they continue to live in Christ? Do you believe that those in Heaven, such as the Angels the Psalmist commands to praise God, can hear us? Do you believe the prayers of Holy people are especially powerful?
I'm assuming you agree to all the above. All prayers to Saints and Mary are simply requests that they ask God to help us. Like the Scripture says, the prayers of Holy people are especially powerful, and we believe those who have gone to Heaven before us are such Holy people - especially Mary, who was blessed with carrying God. Such an honor which has not been provided to anyone else.
Prayers to those who have gone before us do not seek the assistance of power of the Saints. They are merely asking those close to Him to bring our requests to Jesus.
I will pray for her and I agree 100% that she is a saint by any measure.
Thanks for expressing your reasons with such civility. I pray you will continue to serve God with all your being.
Christ keep you.
Much appreciate the prayers.
If any mortal in our era has earned them in service to Our Lord and His Kingdom, I believe she has . . . though she’d consider it all as filthy rags, likely.
I think I made a friend!
This may well be the start of a new friendship. Now, does the deacon also have a dog ;-)?
Actually .... what piety!
LOL! I’m sure ANYbody at the Grand Hunt banquet could provide him with one, if he doesn’t have one . . ..
When you or a loved one is ill, have you ever asked others to pray for them or you? Of course you have. We all do. We see those Prayer Threads on the forum all the time. And so it is with Catholics, Orthodox and certain Protestant denominations, we ask Mary and the Saints to pray for us. (The word 'prayer' means to ask).
The Bible directs us to invoke those in heaven and ask them to pray with us. Thus in Psalms 103, we pray, "Bless the Lord, O you his angels, you mighty ones who do his word, hearkening to the voice of his word! Bless the Lord, all his hosts, his ministers that do his will!" (Ps. 103:20-21). And in Psalms 148 we pray, "Praise the Lord! Praise the Lord from the heavens, praise him in the heights! Praise him, all his angels, praise him, all his host!" (Ps. 148:1-2).
Not only do those in heaven pray with us, they also pray for us. In the book of Revelation, we read: "[An] angel came and stood at the altar [in heaven] with a golden censer; and he was given much incense to mingle with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar before the throne; and the smoke of the incense rose with the prayers of the saints from the hand of the angel before God" (Rev. 8:3-4).
And those in heaven who offer to God our prayers arent just angels, but humans as well. John sees that "the twenty-four elders [the leaders of the people of God in heaven] fell down before the Lamb, each holding a harp, and with golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints" (Rev. 5:8). The simple fact is, as this passage shows: The saints in heaven offer to God the prayers of the saints on earth.
The "Hail, Mary" recited as a prayer or mantra.
I'm guessing that you are referring to the rosary. The rosary seems to be primarily about Mary. At best, this repetitive attention to Mary can seem unbalanced, distracting us from a relationship with Jesus Christ. At worst, this prayer may seem idolatrous, treating Mary as if she were more important than God. But the Hail Mary is centered on Jesus Christ, and the rosary, far from being unbiblical, is actually a beautiful scriptural way of praying that leads us closer to him.
The opening of the Hail Mary is drawn from the words the angel Gabriel (and later her relative Elizabeth) used to greet the Mother of the Messiah.
In awe that the Almighty God he has worshiped from the beginning of time was about to become a little baby inside Mary, Gabriel greeted the chosen woman from Nazareth with wonder over this profound mystery: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you" (Luke 1:28). Similarly, Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit and given prophetic insight into this childs identity. In response to the profound mystery of Christ taking place inside Marys womb, she exclaimed, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb!" (Luke 1:42). These words focus not on Mary herself but on the mystery of the Incarnation taking place inside her. In fact, John Paul II noted that every time we pray the Hail Mary, we participate in "the wonder of heaven and earth" at the mystery of God becoming man. Gabriel represents the wonder of heaven, while Elizabeth represents the wonder of earth.
When we repeat Gabriels and Elizabeths words, we participate in the joyful response to the mystery of Jesus Christthe mystery of God becoming man. You cant get much more Christ-centered than that!
As a model disciple of Christ, Mary consented to Gods will when the angel Gabriel appeared to her (Luke 1:38), and she persevered in faith throughout her life (John 19:2527; Acts 1:14). When we say, "Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death," we ask Mary to pray for us to be faithful in our walk with the Lord, every day. She is the ideal person to intercede for us, to pray that we may walk in faith as she did.
But at the heart of the Hail Mary is the holy name of Jesus: "And blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus." John Paul II says that Jesus name not only serves as the hinge joining the two parts of the Hail Mary but is also this prayers "center of gravity." The Hail Mary leads us to the person of Jesus, and at the center of this prayer we speak his sacred name with reverence and with love.
Christs name is the only name under heaven through which we may hope for salvation (Acts 4:12). That we can even call upon the name of Jesus is astonishing. In the Old Testament the Jews approached Gods name ("Yahweh") with so much reverence that they eventually avoided speaking it. Instead, they often used the less personal title "Lord" when calling on God in prayer. But since God entered into humanity in Christ, we have the privilege of calling on the personal name of the Lord: "Jesus" (CCC 2666). Christians throughout the centuries have found in the name of Jesus a source of strength and meditation. As we utter the sacred name at the center of this prayer, the Hail Mary leads us to that divine source.
As for repetition, in the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said:
And in praying do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their many words. Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him (Matt. 6:78).With Hail Mary after Hail Mary after Hail Mary, the rosary appears to some people to be the kind of repetitious prayer Jesus condemneda superficial, mechanical way of praying to God that can be boring and empty of life. It is sometimes said to be "vain repetition" rather than true, intimate prayer flowing from the heart. Shouldnt Christians, some ask, speak openly to Jesus rather than relying on a repetitious formula?
Take some time to reflect on these responses before we address the others, okay?
Years ago, long before I was Catholic, I learned to say the Rosary. Because I learned it from a German (and a Bavarian German at that), I learned the method of recitation that is used by pious Bavarians (of which Pope Benedict is one, after all).
When you say the Rosary by any method, on each set of ten beads you meditate on a particular episode from the Life of Christ. There were originally 3 (now 4 - a new one instituted by Pope John Paul II), and they are all very Christ-centered. For example, the first or Joyful 'mysteries' as they are called are: 1. The Annunciation; 2. The Visitation; 3. The Nativity; 4. The Presentation in the Temple; 5. The Finding in the Temple.
To recite the Rosary by the Bavarian method, you speak each mystery aloud in the middle of the Hail Mary. For example:
"Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus, [who blessed the Sacrament of Marriage by his appearance and first miracle at Cana in Galilee.] Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen."
This makes more obvious, and reminds us, of the centrality of Jesus in the Hail Mary.
It also takes a lot longer to pray . . . but I usually say my Rosary in morning drive-time, which in Atlanta is plenty of time to say two Rosaries by the Bavarian method. And so much better than getting frustrated at the traffic and cursing other drivers . . . .
There are a number of serious problems with the concept of the Rosary.
First, "Hail, Mary", is simply something the angel said to Mary. There's no indication it was a prayer or that we need to be reciting it.
Second, most translations don't translate the words as "full of grace" - the Greek simply means, "favored one" or "highly favored one", or "who has found favor", etc. This simply means that Mary was favored by God in choosing her to bear the Messiah. There's no indication that she had any special place or power outside of this status.
I'm going to digress on a tangential issue: "Grace" as Catholics talk about it, stating that Mary is the "distributor of all graces", etc, makes grace sound like something akin to "the Force" in Star Wars.
It's as if "grace" is a thing, some force or power, that you get in response to all the works you do. There is absolutely nothing Biblical about that, and in each and every place that Paul talks about grace, he is talking about the unmerited and undeserved love, or favor, of God. Grace is God's unmerited love toward us, who are unworthy of it, and faith is the tangible gift that is the end product of that grace. But in Catholic doctrine grace seems to be some kind of "power" or "force" that you get filled up with - like a video game...I'm "low on grace", because I sinned...so I hit the magic Rosary pellet and bingo, my grace level pops back up... (I don't mean this to be mocking, it's the best analogy I can come up with - that's truly how it seems to me).
Third, Jesus clearly treats his mother as he would anyone else. He doesn't show her any special standing or favor above anyone else. When Mary asks him to do something about the wine situation at Cana, Jesus doesn't show her any special deference, in fact, he almost rebukes her, with a, "what does this have to do with me?" - in other words, "Why are you bothering me about this?"
When Mary and Jesus' brothers show up to "get him", when they think he's gone off his rocker, what does Jesus do? The people tell Jesus that his mother is outside with his brothers and want to speak to him. Does Jesus jump right up and rush out to give her a big hug and kiss, or does he call her "highly favored" or treat her in any way as special or above anyone else? No, in fact, it's just the opposite. He doesn't go out to meet them, he stays right where he is:
Matthew 12 "48He replied to him, "Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?" 49Pointing to his disciples, he said, "Here are my mother and my brothers. 50For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother."
There is most definitely no special favor shown to Mary or his siblings, by Jesus. In fact, this goes to demonstrate a central theme of his ministry - the equality of all believers in the eyes of God. We are all equals. The priesthood of all believers is based on this same principle. We don't need priests between us and the Father. Jesus opened the door himself, it's the very reason the curtain of the Temple was torn in two. Jesus opened the path for us to come directly to the Father, through him, in his name, and we don't need intermediaries (as Hebrews, in fact, says). Jesus did not come to replace one hierarchy and priesthood with another. He came to do away with it.
John 4 "21Jesus declared, "Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth.""
No more Temple. No more Priesthood. Jesus is our "great High Priest" according to Hebrews. And as 1 Timothy says,
1 Timothy 2, "5For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6who gave himself as a ransom for all menthe testimony given in its proper time."
Jesus might have established a church (of all believers) but he did not come to replace one priesthood and hierarchy with another, between man and God. And the Scriptures make that pretty plain in many spots (the curtain of the Temple being torn in two being the biggest and most obvious example).
Fourth, there is no evidence that those who are dead, and "alive with Christ", can hear or see or have any awareness at all of what is happening on earth. Even the Old Testament points to this. The one verse in Revelation that Catholics point to, is as big a stretch and reach as you could possibly make, and it seems absurd, on its face, as the basis for the argument about "prayers to Saints". Of course we can ask persons on earth, our friends and family, to pray for us. They are alive and they are with us and we know they can hear us if we ask them. There is no indication whatsoever that any soul that has passed on can do the same. Nothing in Scripture, either. In fact, what is in Scripture, is the constant (and consistent) admonishment not to talk to the dead, not to consult with Necromancers or anyone (witches, those who practice divination) who "consults the dead".
Fifth, the Psalms you quoted are merely Psalms of praise to the Lord, they are not "prayers" to angels or saints, unless you really want to stretch it, and I consider it stretching it.
Sixth, in investigating where all of the Mary and Saints thing came from, historically, some pretty clear things start popping up right away. This entire practice (and doctrine) developed out of people's fear of God as a "judge". God and Jesus, as part of the Trinity, were seen as judgmental, angry figures who were so Holy that one could not imagine talking to them directly. It was this harsh, "father figure", "king and judge", image of the Father and the Son that led people to look for a "softer" image to act as a go-between. So Mary (and the Saints) became a focal point - they became the human face - something people could relate to - a softened, motherly and brotherly set of figures that people could "ask to intercede". Afraid to go to Dad themselves, because he was a harsh authority figure, they decided to "go ask Mom".
It became readily apparent to me, anyway, through even the most cursory investigation of the matter, that it was this psychology in the early Church that led to the development of a "need" for some figure like Mary or the Saints to "intercede" with the harsh, judgmental, and angry Father (and Son). One couldn't imagine going to Jesus themselves, who was going to be their judge someday, no, no...one must go to his Mother to soften the blow...to talk to him for us....even though what the Bible says about Christ goes directly against this (1 Timothy 2:5, and the other examples up above - the curtain being torn in two, etc). Jesus is our mediator. We can go directly to him and more importantly, we should go directly to him.
All this doctrine of Mary and the saints came from early Christian fears, from the image of Jesus they had constructed. Jesus is going to be our judge. But he is not a figure to be feared in that sense, he is a figure of love and mercy that we should, in fact, run to - to go to in all things, and if we truly have faith, if we believe, we should never fear that. I don't need the souls of dead human beings, who now are alive in the presence of the Lord, to do anything for me. No one does. We only need Christ Jesus. That's the only person I feel the need to go to.
Okay, this got very long...
As it happens, I read Greek (studied Classical, but Koine is not difficult after 5th c. Athenian and Homeric Greek, just different).
The translation 'full of grace' is a fairly accurate translation of the Greek word kecaritwmenh. It's a verb, and a particular type of verb - a perfect passive participle, which means a state that has continued for an indefinite time and continues in the present and for the foreseeable future. "Completely and for always graced" is, however, a translation that is not very graceful in English.
That doesn't mean, of course, that the grace bestowed upon Mary by God from always was in any way due to her personal merit. But it stands to reason that God would make sure by His own power that the woman who was chosen to bear Him in her womb for nine months and entrusted with His earthly rearing would be pure and holy, the new Ark of the Covenant. ("No special place or power outside of this status?" What on earth could be more special or powerful than to have the awesome and unbearable responsibility of bearing and raising God? Of course Mary had to have divine help and grace to fulfill this otherwise impossible task!)
You have seriously misunderstood the Catholic concept of 'grace'. Your description is downright creepy, and totally unlike anything I have ever heard from a reputable Catholic source (of course, there are plenty of misguided and misinformed people around in the Catholic church, like every other church around, but you can hardly judge the doctrine of a church by one or two confused laymen, especially when the actual belief is laid out plainly in the Catechism for all to read!)
When a bunch of busybodies interrupt you while you're teaching and tell you your mom is outside, and you correct them for interrupting you (and incidentally for missing the entire point of what you are saying), you are not dissing your mom, who isn't there to hear. Neither are you dissing your mom when you correct a bunch of female groupies who are engaging in the usual over-the-top Middle-Eastern hyperbole ("blessed is the womb that bore thee . . ") without thinking about what they are saying.
Consider that, when Mary asked Jesus to help out an embarassed bridegroom at Cana, he remonstrated with her but helped anyway, with something as mundane as running out of wine and the resultant loss of face at the wedding . . . . and he did not say, "what does this have to do with me?", he said ti emoi kai soi - "what does this have to do with you AND me?" - why is this important to us? But - as he praised the response of the Syrio-Phoenician woman to his apparently disapproving question about dogs and bread, here he approved because he went ahead and did as Mary asked.
Consider also that, since Jesus was perfect, he perfectly fulfilled all the Commandments, including "Honor thy father and thy mother."
Second, that description of "grace" does, indeed, sound creepy...and yet that is my understanding of the Catholic belief about grace. Whenever I hear a discussion of grace from Catholics, it always comes across to me like I described. Maybe it's me, but it does sound like that kind of concept, to me, and it does, as you said, sound exceedingly creepy to me.
Please print this article for me.