I’m not Catholic but my son is a junior in a classically oriented Christian HS and one of his required classes is Apologetics. He also has Rhetoric, Logic and Latin. I really like the classic education model because it teaches him not what to think but how to think for himself and to educate himself on any subject throughout his life.
His Apologetics teacher is currently having them study “Letters to a Christian Nation” written by an atheist attempting to explain why God doesn’t exist. They are learning how the other side thinks and how to defend their faith against it. His papers revolve around pointing out the fallacies and flaws in the book. In fact the atheist author commits many of the same lapses in atheist dogma that he accuses the religious believers of doing.
That sounds like a pretty good class.