Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

To: Iscool
Sorry --- It would have been more helpful if I'd put in the approx. years and more of the schema. With the understanding that there are many ways to slice the salami (cf Christopher Dawson), you can put Western European Church History in (loosely) six "ages":

1. AD 33 - AD 330 "Early Church" (Persecution, martyrs, growth. Most of the OT and NT Canon accepted, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Nicaean Reform.)

2. AD 333 - 650 "Age of the Fathers" (Invasion, Huns, Visigoths, Vandals. Fall of Roman Empire. Post-Nicene Fathers, Conversion of Barbarians. Gregorian Reform.)

3. 650 - 1000 "Dark Ages," The Preservation of Civilization (Struggles with Vikings; 2/3 of Christian heartland lost to Islam. Monastery and cathedral schools, literacy, agriculture, restoration of town life, conversion of Vikings, Carolingian Reform.)

4. 1000 -1454 "Middle Ages" (Great Schism -> Fall of Constantinople. In the West, civilization from Oslo to Sicily, Warsaw to Compostella. Cathedrals, Universities, Music, Arts, Architecture, Scholarship, the Doctors of the Church. Black Death, 60% of population dies. End of feudalism, rise of Cities. Cluniac Reform.

5. 1454 - 1789 "Age of Revolt and Revolution") (Fall of Constantinople--> French Revolution. Reconquest of Spain, Renaissance, the New World, "Reformation," Wars of Religion, Exploration and World Mission, new Religious Orders. "Enlightenment," French Revolution. Trentian Reform.)

6. 1789 - Present "Modern Age," a.k.a. "Age of Murder"

Just an outline, necessarily sketchy. Covers a lot. Just wanted to give you an overview. The mega-killing between Christian factions and nations --- Christian civilization has never been free of murder, sorrowfully --- the most carnage was in the 16th-17th and 20th centuries.

286 posted on 02/25/2013 12:46:30 PM PST by Mrs. Don-o ("For it is time that Judgment must begin with the House of God." 1 Peter 4:17)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 278 | View Replies ]

To: Mrs. Don-o
Seems to be a number of definitions of what exactly makes up the Middle Ages

Middle Ages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Middle Ages is a period of European history that lasted from the 5th until the 15th centuries. It began with the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and was followed by the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the traditional division of Western history into Classical, Medieval, and Modern periods. The period is subdivided into the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages, and the Late Middle Ages.

In the Early Middle Ages, depopulation, deurbanization, and barbarian invasions, which began in Late Antiquity, continued. The barbarian invaders formed new kingdoms in the remains of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century North Africa and the Middle East, once part of the Eastern Roman Empire (the Byzantine Empire), became an Islamic Empire after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with Antiquity was not complete. The still sizeable Byzantine Empire survived and remained a major power. The empire's law code, the Code of Justinian, was widely admired. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated extant Roman institutions, while monasteries were founded as Christianity expanded in western Europe. The Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty, established an empire covering much of western Europe; the Carolingian Empire endured until the 9th century, when it succumbed to the pressures of invasion — the Vikings from the north; the Magyars from the east, and the Saracens from the south.

During the High Middle Ages, which began after AD 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and crop yields to increase. Manorialism — the organization of peasants into villages that owed rent and labor services to the nobles; and feudalism — the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords, in return for the right to rent from lands and manors - were two of the ways society was organized in the High Middle Ages. The Crusades, first preached in 1095, were military attempts, by western European Christians, to regain control of the Middle Eastern Holy Land from the Muslims. Kings became the heads of centralized nation states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. Intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy which emphasized joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities. The philosophy of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, and the architecture of Gothic cathedrals such as Chartres are among the outstanding achievements of this period.

The Late Middle Ages were marked by difficulties and calamities, such as famine, plague, and war, which much diminished the population of western Europe; in the four years from 1347 through 1350, the Black Death killed approximately a third of the European population. Controversy, heresy, and schism within the Church paralleled the warfare between states, the civil war, and peasant revolts occurring in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the Early Modern period.

316 posted on 02/26/2013 5:19:23 AM PST by Iscool (I love animals...barbequed, fried, grilled, stewed,,,,)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 286 | View Replies ]

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794 is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson