Skip to comments.MAN OF THE SHROUD
Posted on 08/03/2002 6:33:43 AM PDT by NYer
The Shroud of Turin is a centuries old linen cloth that bears the image of a crucified man. A man that millions believe to be Jesus of Nazareth. Is it really the cloth that wrapped his crucified body, or is it simply a medieval forgery, a hoax perpetrated by some clever artist? Modern, twentieth century science has completed hundreds of thousands of hours of detailed study and intense research on the Shroud. It is, in fact, the single most studied artifact in human history, and we know more about it today than we ever have before. And yet, the controversy still rages.
Arguments against the Shroud's authenticity are prima facia, supported by carbon 14 dating and a prevailing view of the way things are in the world. On the other hand, the case for authenticity is a compelling preponderance of scientific and historic evidence. So daunting is the evidence that we can only wonder if, as postmodernists suggest, "no such thing as objective truth exists, that historic reality is an inherently enigmatic and endlessly negotiable bundle of free-floating perceptions."1 The alternative is to consider, as C. S. Lewis contends: rare exceptions to nature are possible.
On this hot and sultry day in August, I decided to post this thread for those who enjoy mystery, adventure and the thrill of discovery. There are many web sites devoted to this topic. I suggest you begin here:
SHROUD OF TURIN
The flagrum, a whip of two or three thongs with small lead pellets attached, was wielded by a torturer who moved round his victim, or by two torturers, one of whom struck from behind. Jesus lost a great deal of Blood, for a reason only mentioned by Saint Luke, "with the unsurpassable precision of a medical doctor", writes Barbet; perhaps because he had questioned Saint John, the beloved disciple who did not fall asleep on the Mount of Olives:
"And being in an agony, He prayed all the more earnestly. And His sweat became as drops of blood trickling down upon the ground." (Lk 22.44)
Fr. Benedict Groeschel appeared on EWTN's program Mother Angelica Live, the other night. He mentioned the shroud, in connection with the crucifixion and burial of Christ. Of course, Fr. Groeschel has a style all his own. Pointing to all the famous artwork we have seen over the years, and the artist's depiction of the crucifixion, he reminded viewers that artists approach their subjects much like a photographer. These are "tableaux". Each person present at the crucifixion has a certain place "in the tableau". In reality, he said, the actual crucifixion of Jesus was something far more barbaric and brutal than any artist would care to render.
He went on to speak about a good friend, a priest, who has a parish in Rhode Island. When his friends parish was condemned by the city council in order to run a highway through that property, this priest set about building a new church. For the "corpus" on the crucifix, he contacted the group that had done the 3D imaging of the Shroud of Turin. He then went on to say that they have now been able to count the number of whiplashes on the man of the shroud - 110! Fr. Groeschel noted, in his inimitable style, that it was miracle enough that this "man of the shroud" was able to walk the Via Dolorosa carrying a crossbar, with his skin tattered into shreds by that number of blows. The normal punishment, according to all public records handed down from that period, would have been 30.
The fire affected the Carbon-14 dating.
Godspeed, The Dilg
4 - The area over the anatomical right eye of the Shroud image (a computer enhancement of the Enrie photograph), showing the letters UCAI and the lituus (the arrow points to the upper third of the critical letter C; the letters are about 1.5 mm high).
5 - A Pontius Pilate lepton ("window's mite") owned by Francis Filas, showing the highly specific lituus, or auger, or astrologer's staff design, the frequent clipped edge from one to four o'clock, and, despite erosion, parts of the letters TIOUCAI (again, the arrow points to the letter C).
6 - The overlapped images, showing the almost perfect congruence of the two indicating that this coin was struck from the same die as the coin over the Shroud image's right eye.
Just ordered it at Amazon.com. Thanks for the recommendation.
The image is that of a muscular Jewish male, about five feet eleven inches tall, weighing about 170 pounds, about age 35, whose body is in cadaveric spasm (a type of near instantaneous rigor mortis occurring in those severely traumatized), and who has a spear wound through the right chest into the heart with a post mortem flow of blood and serum from the wound. The appearance of the blood clots shows that the body disappeared from within the Shroud without the cloth being unwrapped. The appearance of the blood clots and the body, as well as the images of the flowers, indicates that this event took place between 24 and 36 hours after death.
The image of a crown of thorns is visible on the Shroud, and history records only one use of a crown of thorns. The image records a remarkable event between 24 and 36 hours after death when the body abruptly disappeared, leaving its image in vertically directed electron corona and soft X-ray radiation. To more certainly identify the Man of the Shroud, the title (the sign over the head) and several letters in Greek and Latin of Jesus of Nazareth are faintly visible on the Shroud.
The images of 28 flowers and thorns on the Shroud, twenty of which grow in Jerusalem, and the other eight within 12 miles of Jerusalem. Most do not grow in Europe at all. Pollens of twenty-five of these species had been previously and independently identified by Dr. Max, a noted Swiss criminalist and botanist, from sticky tape slides that he took from the Shroud in 1973 and 1978. Their common blooming time is March and April.
The book "The Resurrection of the Shroud" runs through the history of the Shroud. It was first known as the Image of Edessa, then the Mandylion, then the "Shroud". Here's an excerpt from the book:
"The rediscovery of the Image of Edess in the sixth century shed valuable light on the cloth's disappearance centuries earlier. According to the "Story of the Image of Edessa", the closth was found in a space above the city's (Edessa's) western gate...when Ma'nu VI (Edessa's ruler) returned to paganism and began persecuting Chrisians...someone hid (the Shroud/Image of Edessa)there for safekeeping since persecution of Christians and destruction of their relics and vestiges were most likely occuring. This choice of a hiding place proved fortuitous, for it not only save the Christian relics from destruction by the pagan ruler, but it also provided a hermeticallly sealed environment for the (Shroud) for the next five centuries...the location turned out to be important for another reason: Edessa suffered severe floods in 201, 303, 413, and 525...fotunately (none of) these floods rose to the level of the western gate, where (the Shroud was hidden)."
I know this is waaay off-topic but I have always thought this was interesting ever since I was told this story.
My wife and I were living in London in early 1998 doing a Christian Counseling course with Youth With A Mission. One of the other people on the course was a shy, affable and very inteligent young woman whom we got to know very well. She came from a fairly well to do family, but she never bragged about it; I think she might have been uncomfortable with how people would relate to her because of her upbringing. Once or twice, however, she did let slip that her family sometimes spent their summers in Scotland, though she offered no more information than that. After three months, we were receiving our assignments for the outreach phase of the school, and my wife and I had felt called to work up in Edinburgh. So, we asked her, since she had spent some time there, about where she spent her summers and what is there to see, if we had a chance to slip away for a weekend.
She told her her family rented out a house in Inverness, near the loch. Well, just as a joke, I asked her if she had ever seen the Loch Ness Monster. She kind of looked down, ackwardly, and replied that yes, indeed she had. She then proceeded to tell us the story (in much more detail than this) that basically her and a few of her brothers were walking along the edge of the loch one evening, as it was getting dark. Ahead, they saw a figure lying across the path. Thinking it might be someone hurt, they quickened their walk towards it. But, as they came closer, they saw that what they thought was a body was actually the neck of a very large creature whose body was still submurged into the loch. They stopped suddenly. The creature then lifted its head, stared at them for a moment, then turned and silently disappeared back into the loch.
She told us that she doesn't like talking about it, espically to Christians, because she is afraid that people would think she was into New Age stuff or even doubt her sanity. But, since seeing it, she starting cautiously tellings others about what she saw, and she told us that there are many others around that loch that told her that they too have seen that creature, some on several occasions.
After knowing her on that school and after, and knowing that she does not have any tendancy towards telling shady stories, let along having a dishonest bone in her body, I can only conclude that she, indeed, saw the Loch Ness Monster.