Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

Skip to comments.

The Institutes Book 1, Chapter 4
The Institutes of the Christian Religion ^ | 1500's | John Calvin

Posted on 01/28/2003 11:45:18 AM PST by ksen

Institutes of the Christian Religion

Book I: The Knowledge of God the Creator

Chapter 4.THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD STIFLED OR CORRUPTED, IGNORANTLY OR MALICIOUSLY.

Section 1: The knowledge of God suppressed by ignorance, many falling away into superstition. Such persons, however, inexcusable, because their error is accompanied with pride and stubbornness.

BUT though experience testifies that a seed of religion is divinely sown in all, scarcely one in a hundred is found who cherishes it in his heart, and not one in whom it grows to maturity so far is it from yielding fruit in its season. Moreover, while some lose themselves in superstitious observances, and others, of set purpose, wickedly revolt from God, the result is that, in regard to the true knowledge of him, all are so degenerate, that in no part of the world can genuine godliness be found. In saying that some fall away into superstition, I mean not to insinuate that their excessive absurdity frees them from guilt; for the blindness under which they labour is almost invariably accompanied with vain pride and stubbornness. Mingled vanity and pride appear in this, that when miserable men do seek after God, instead of ascending higher than themselves as they ought to do, they measure him by their own carnal stupidity, and, neglecting solid inquiry, fly off to indulge their curiosity in vain speculation. Hence, they do not conceive of him in the character in which he is manifested, but imagine him to be whatever their own rashness has devised. This abyss standing open, they cannot move one footstep without rushing headlong to destruction. With such an idea of God, nothing which they may attempt to offer in the way of worship or obedience can have any value in his sight, because it is not him they worship, but, instead of him, the dream and figment of their own heart. This corrupt procedure is admirably described by Paul, when he says, that "thinking to be wise, they became fools" (Rom. 1:22). He had previously said that "they became vain in their imaginations," but lest any should suppose them blameless, he afterwards adds that they were deservedly blinded, because, not contented with sober inquiry, because, arrogating to themselves more than they have any title to do, they of their own accord court darkness, nay, bewitch themselves with perverse, empty show. Hence it is that their folly, the result not only of vain curiosity, but of licentious desire and overweening confidence in the pursuit of forbidden knowledge, cannot be excused.

Section 2: Stubbornness the companion of impiety.

The expression of David (Psalm 14:1, 53:1), "The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God," is primarily applied to those who, as will shortly farther appear, stifle the light of nature, and intentionally stupefy themselves. We see many, after they have become hardened in a daring course of sin, madly banishing all remembrance of God, though spontaneously suggested to them from within, by natural sense. To show how detestable this madness is, the Psalmist introduces them as distinctly denying that there is a God, because although they do not disown his essence, they rob him of his justice and providence, and represent him as sitting idly in heaven. Nothing being less accordant with the nature of God than to cast off the government of the world, leaving it to chance, and so to wink at the crimes of men that they may wanton with impunity in evil courses; it follows, that every man who indulges in security, after extinguishing all fear of divine Judgment, virtually denies that there is a God. As a just punishment of the wicked, after they have closed their own eyes, God makes their hearts dull and heavy, and hence, seeing, they see not. David, indeed, is the best interpreter of his own meaning, when he says elsewhere, the wicked has "no fear of God before his eyes," (Psalm 36:1); and, again, "He has said in his heart, God has forgotten; he hideth his face; he will never see it." Thus although they are forced to acknowledge that there is some God, they, however, rob him of his glory by denying his power. For, as Paul declares, "If we believe not, he abideth faithful, he cannot deny himself," (2 Tim. 2:13); so those who feign to themselves a dead and dumb idol, are truly said to deny God. It is, moreover, to be observed, that though they struggle with their own convictions, and would fain not only banish God from their minds, but from heaven also, their stupefaction is never so complete as to secure them from being occasionally dragged before the divine tribunal. Still, as no fear restrains them from rushing violently in the face of God, so long as they are hurried on by that blind impulse, it cannot be denied that their prevailing state of mind in regard to him is brutish oblivion.

Section 3: No pretext can justify superstition. This proved, first, from reason; and, secondly, from Scripture.

In this way, the vain pretext which many employ to clothe their superstition is overthrown. They deem it enough that they have some kind of zeal for religion, how preposterous soever it may be, not observing that true religion must be conformable to the will of God as its unerring standard; that he can never deny himself, and is no spectra or phantom, to be metamorphosed at each individual's caprice. It is easy to see how superstition, with its false glosses, mocks God, while it tries to please him. Usually fastening merely on things on which he has declared he sets no value, it either contemptuously overlooks, or even undisguisedly rejects, the things which he expressly enjoins, or in which we are assured that he takes pleasure. Those, therefore, who set up a fictitious worship, merely worship and adore their own delirious fancies; indeed, they would never dare so to trifle with God, had they not previously fashioned him after their own childish conceits. Hence that vague and wandering opinion of Deity is declared by an apostle to be ignorance of God: "Howbeit, then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods." And he elsewhere declares, that the Ephesians were "without God" (Eph. 2:12) at the time when they wandered without any correct knowledge of him. It makes little difference, at least in this respect, whether you hold the existence of one God, or a plurality of gods, since, in both cases alike, by departing from the true God, you have nothing left but an execrable idol. It remains, therefore, to conclude with Lactantius (Instit. Div. lib 1:2, 6), "No religion is genuine that is not in accordance with truth."

Section 4: The wicked never willingly come into the presence of God. Hence their hypocrisy. Hence, too, their sense of Deity leads to no good result.

To this fault they add a second--viz. that when they do think of God it is against their will; never approaching him without being dragged into his presence, and when there, instead of the voluntary fear flowing from reverence of the divine majesty, feeling only that forced and servile fear which divine Judgment extorts Judgment which, from the impossibility of escape, they are compelled to dread, but which, while they dread, they at the same time also hate. To impiety, and to it alone, the saying of Statius properly applies: "Fear first brought gods into the world," (Theb. lib. 1). Those whose inclinations are at variance with the justice of God, knowing that his tribunal has been erected for the punishment of transgression, earnestly wish that that tribunal were overthrown. Under the influence of this feeling they are actually warring against God, justice being one of his essential attributes. Perceiving that they are always within reach of his power, that resistance and evasion are alike impossible, they fear and tremble. Accordingly, to avoid the appearance of condemning a majesty by which all are overawed, they have recourse to some species of religious observance, never ceasing meanwhile to defile themselves with every kind of vice, and add crime to crime, until they have broken the holy law of the Lord in every one of its requirements, and set his whole righteousness at nought; at all events, they are not so restrained by their semblance of fear as not to luxuriate and take pleasure in iniquity, choosing rather to indulge their carnal propensities than to curb them with the bridle of the Holy Spirit. But since this shadow of religion (it scarcely even deserves to be called a shadow) is false and vain, it is easy to infer how much this confused knowledge of God differs from that piety which is instilled into the breasts of believers, and from which alone true religion springs. And yet hypocrites would fain, by means of tortuous windings, make a show of being near to God at the very time they are fleeing from him. For while the whole life ought to be one perpetual course of obedience, they rebel without fear in almost all their actions, and seek to appease him with a few paltry sacrifices; while they ought to serve him with integrity of heart and holiness of life, they endeavour to procure his favour by means of frivolous devices and punctilios of no value. Nay, they take greater license in their grovelling indulgences, because they imagine that they can fulfil their duty to him by preposterous expiations; in short, while their confidence ought to have been fixed upon him, they put him aside, and rest in themselves or the creatures. At length they bewilder themselves in such a maze of error, that the darkness of ignorance obscures, and ultimately extinguishes, those sparks which were designed to show them the glory of God. Still, however, the conviction that there is some Deity continues to exist, like a plant which can never be completely eradicated, though so corrupt, that it is only capable of producing the worst of fruit. Nay, we have still stronger evidence of the proposition for which I now contend--viz. that a sense of Deity is naturally engraven on the human heart, in the fact, that the very reprobate are forced to acknowledge it. When at their ease, they can jest about God, and talk pertly and loquaciously in disparagement of his power; but should despair, from any cause, overtake them, it will stimulate them to seek him, and dictate ejaculatory prayers, proving that they were not entirely ignorant of God, but had perversely suppressed feelings which ought to have been earlier manifested.


TOPICS: Apologetics; General Discusssion; History; Theology
KEYWORDS:
BOOK 1:
Chapter 1 - THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD AND OF OURSELVES MUTUALLY CONNECTED. - NATURE OF THIS CONNECTION.
Chapter 2 - WHAT IT IS TO KNOW GOD,--TENDENCY OF THIS KNOWLEDGE.
Chapter 3 - THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD HAS BEEN NATURALLY IMPLANTED IN THE HUMAN MIND.
1 posted on 01/28/2003 11:45:18 AM PST by ksen
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7; Jean Chauvin; Corin Stormhands; xzins
Ping-a-ling!
2 posted on 01/28/2003 11:46:14 AM PST by ksen (HHD)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ksen; OrthodoxPresbyterian; Jerry_M; the_doc; CCWoody; Matchett-PI; JesseShurun; gdebrae; ...
Institutes Bump
3 posted on 01/28/2003 1:09:17 PM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
me too
4 posted on 01/28/2003 1:18:58 PM PST by LiteKeeper
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 3 | View Replies]

To: ksen
Ken I have to read this again. I am overcome by the truth of it. Calvin used no platitudes here ..no nicey nice ....I just sat here shaking my head in agreement..so I am going to read it again for full content
5 posted on 01/28/2003 1:33:34 PM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: ksen
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the Living God.
6 posted on 01/28/2003 1:47:02 PM PST by Calvinist_Dark_Lord (He must increase, but i must decrease.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: Calvinist_Dark_Lord
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the Living God.

"Mingled vanity and pride appear in this, that when miserable men do seek after God, instead of ascending higher than themselves as they ought to do, they measure him by their own carnal stupidity, and, neglecting solid inquiry, fly off to indulge their curiosity in vain speculation"

The man that measures God by himself and his sin by his neighbors

7 posted on 01/28/2003 2:33:05 PM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: LiteKeeper
You want to be bumped to them?
8 posted on 01/28/2003 2:47:05 PM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 4 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
Sure - thanks
9 posted on 01/28/2003 3:35:46 PM PST by LiteKeeper
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 8 | View Replies]

To: ksen
Bump.
10 posted on 01/29/2003 6:32:16 AM PST by Corin Stormhands (HHD)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
"Mingled vanity and pride appear in this, that when miserable men do seek after God, instead of ascending higher than themselves as they ought to do, they measure him by their own carnal stupidity, and, neglecting solid inquiry, fly off to indulge their curiosity in vain speculation"

The man that measures God by himself and his sin by his neighbors

Mom, have you ever noticed in the scriptures, that when someone comes into contact with the Living God, the sheer terror that they relate...Isaiah at the throne, Peter, realising that Jesus was sent from God after the nets were full? It seems that Calvin is telling us that carnal man invents terrors to avoid that ultimate terror of facing God in judgement.

You are correct, these are not the "warm fuzzies" that we hear in many pulpits these days. i often wonder what effect Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God would have today...after Edwards was castigated by the majourity of the "Christian Community" for being unloving and condemning people to hell.

The reprobate make excuses and "justifications", and false religion, the "righteous" throw themselves at the feet of God and beg for mercy.

11 posted on 01/29/2003 8:48:54 AM PST by Calvinist_Dark_Lord (He must increase, but i must decrease.)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 7 | View Replies]

To: Calvinist_Dark_Lord
Wow that keeps coming up again and again ..I am reading "The Holiness of God"...so I brought out my book with the sermon in it..Sinners in the hands of an angry God and read it (Sproul references it in his book)

..You are right no one would give that sermon today..it is not "seeker" friendly..

12 posted on 01/30/2003 6:32:48 AM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 11 | View Replies]

To: ksen
Great discussion; however...where's chapter 5 ? This thread has been here for a few days now.. shall we move on to the next chapter ?
13 posted on 01/30/2003 9:39:47 AM PST by Biblical Calvinist (Sola Deo Gloria !)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 2 | View Replies]

To: Calvinist_Dark_Lord; RnMomof7; fortheDeclaration; Corin Stormhands; xzins
From the article: ...for the blindness under which they labour is almost invariably accompanied with vain pride and stubbornness.

What does he mean ALMOST? If it is not "vain pride and stubbornness" in all cases, then what is it in the other cases? (back to reading, maybe I'll find out there)

14 posted on 01/30/2003 1:31:34 PM PST by ksen (HHD)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 6 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
...fly off to indulge their curiosity in vain speculation.

Heh, sounds like Calvin has visited the Religion forum here on FR. ;^)

15 posted on 01/30/2003 1:33:35 PM PST by ksen (HHD)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
I'm having trouble putting my finger on it, but what Calvin has wrote in this chapter seems to go against some things he wrote in the previous chapters.....

I'll have to think on it and get back to you when I have some particulars.
16 posted on 01/30/2003 1:58:47 PM PST by ksen (HHD)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 12 | View Replies]

To: ksen
Not too clear headed today.bump me when you get it
17 posted on 01/30/2003 4:09:01 PM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 16 | View Replies]

To: ksen
What does he mean ALMOST? If it is not "vain pride and stubbornness" in all cases, then what is it in the other cases? (back to reading, maybe I'll find out there)

Honestly?? Don't know.

Were i to take a stab at it though, "the other cases" would be maybe those who were given repentence??

18 posted on 01/30/2003 5:13:07 PM PST by Calvinist_Dark_Lord (Where's my bloody axe an' sharpenin stone?)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 14 | View Replies]

To: ksen
. Nay, they take greater license in their grovelling indulgences, because they imagine that they can fulfil their duty to him by preposterous expiations; in short, while their confidence ought to have been fixed upon him, they put him aside, and rest in themselves or the creatures. At length they bewilder themselves in such a maze of error, that the darkness of ignorance obscures, and ultimately extinguishes, those sparks which were designed to show them the glory of God. Still, however, the conviction that there is some Deity continues to exist, like a plant which can never be completely eradicated, though so corrupt, that it is only capable of producing the worst of fruit. Nay, we have still stronger evidence of the proposition for which I now contend--viz. that a sense of Deity is naturally engraven on the human heart, in the fact, that the very reprobate are forced to acknowledge it. When at their ease, they can jest about God, and talk pertly and loquaciously in disparagement of his power; but should despair, from any cause, overtake them, it will stimulate them to seek him, and dictate ejaculatory prayers, proving that they were not entirely ignorant of God, but had perversely suppressed feelings which ought to have been earlier manifested

You mentioned that Calvin seemed to contradict himself ..but you could not put your finger on it...perhaps it is that he acknowleges that all men ..though totally depraved have the knowlege of God in their hearts??

I liken this to a conversation I had with a lady at a party..she was going to have "spiritualist readings" done on a regular basis..she was a "practicing Catholic" and would acknowlege the reality of there being a creator God..but she sought advice from demons....

So I asked her if she understood that the information she was getting was from "another god"...she said bluntly she did not care it gave her "comfort " and that was all she cared about..she then LOL and said " well if I end up in hell I will have most of my friends there with me"

That is mocking the Almighty God of creation . But she can not see it even though she knows there IS a God..she serves the creature (herself) and hopes to make it to heaven based on her obedience to church law..She chooses not to worship God but the creature..She denies the Justice of God..

This is her choice..as she has been given all the "information" in creation and the scriptures..but she does not choose Christ ...

19 posted on 01/31/2003 7:43:19 AM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 1 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
You mentioned that Calvin seemed to contradict himself ..but you could not put your finger on it...perhaps it is that he acknowleges that all men ..though totally depraved have the knowlege of God in their hearts??

That is probably it. Calvin goes on and on about God placing this knowledge of Himself in man and that Man can't help but know that God is there and we have a duty to Him, but turns around and says that our natures are enough to overcome the powerful urges that God places within us.

20 posted on 01/31/2003 9:01:54 AM PST by ksen (HHD - The strength of the Ring Barrel is fading)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 19 | View Replies]

To: ksen; RnMomof7
Being built (created) by God, if there was no Fall, we all would know the one true God inherently. It's the way we were built.

However, the results of the Fall isn't a mere disease. It's an overwealming hate for God -the one true God.

When left to our own whims, sure, we know that there is some kind of higher power. But I'll be damned if it's the Christian God.

Just look at how this is true in our world today.

Schools can get away with teaching the "culture" (i.e. religion) of the American Indians or other peoples. But we are not allowed to even mention the Christian God -we hate him!

Characters in our films frequently yell out in vain, "Jesus Christ". Did you ever wonder why these fine upstanding people (even if they don't deny that there ~is~ a higher power) never yell out in vain, "Allah", or "Buddah"...

It's the one true God -the Christian God which our fallen natures rebel against -not the idea of a 'god' in general.

This is why Arminianism is so obviously false to me. If it is up to ~us~ to "choose" God, which of the multitude of distinct religions out there who call on the name of "Jesus" do we "choose" from?

How do we know that the Mormon's Jesus isn't the correct choice?

How do we know that the Jehovah's Witnesses Jesus isn't the right choice?

These folks in these non-Christian religion all "made the decision for Jesus". They all whole heartedly believed that they "chose" the correct guy. Is it "fair" that they will be passed over on Judgment Day?

Rather, because our sinfull/fallen nature is at enmity with the True Triune God, we need him to regnerate our natures such that it ~is~ receptive to the true God. Then we make the proper choice. Once our hearts have been changed, we are no longer at enmity with Him. We have the understanding. When one has that proper understanding, one would not ever want to say "No!".

I recently read a paper attempting to describe Calvinism. One of its "critiques" attempted to describe "Irresistable Grace". The author made the statement that 'Calvinists believe that one can not say "no" to God "even if they want to". That is missing the point completely. When your heart is regenerated by the one True God, you will NEVER desire to say "NO".

Jean
21 posted on 01/31/2003 9:23:34 AM PST by Jean Chauvin
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: ksen
That is probably it. Calvin goes on and on about God placing this knowledge of Himself in man and that Man can't help but know that God is there and we have a duty to Him, but turns around and says that our natures are enough to overcome the powerful urges that God places within us.

I would point to Adam and Eve..they not only had a knowledge of them in their heart ..they had a physical knowlege of Him..they fellowshipped with Him..yet they did not "chose" him..they ran from Him...

22 posted on 01/31/2003 9:38:18 AM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 20 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
So Adam & Eve were created with sin natures?
23 posted on 01/31/2003 9:50:29 AM PST by ksen (HHD - The strength of the Ring Barrel is fading)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 22 | View Replies]

To: ksen
I did not say that..did I? They were born innocent ...other than Jesus the only ones that lived sinless (for a time) . God gave men a free will Kevin..I have never said any different have I?
24 posted on 01/31/2003 11:41:06 AM PST by RnMomof7
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 23 | View Replies]

To: RnMomof7
I have never said any different have I?

No, you haven't.

Have you been following chapter 5?

25 posted on 01/31/2003 11:51:12 AM PST by ksen (HHD - The strength of the Ring Barrel is fading)
[ Post Reply | Private Reply | To 24 | View Replies]

Disclaimer: Opinions posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the exemption for fair use of copyrighted works.

Free Republic
Browse · Search
Religion
Topics · Post Article

FreeRepublic, LLC, PO BOX 9771, FRESNO, CA 93794
FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson