Keyword: afrocentrism

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  • Archeologists discover Mythical Tomb of Osiris, God of the Dead, in Egypt

    01/03/2015 11:59:48 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 46 replies
    Ancient Origins ^ | Saturday, January 3, 2015 | April Holloway the necropolis of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, on the West Bank at Thebes, Egypt... According to the Spanish news agency EFE, the tomb embodies all the features of the tomb of Osiris, as told in ancient Egyptian legends, and is a smaller version of the design of the Osireion, built under Egyptian pharaoh Seti I in the city of Abydos, Luxor. Researchers believe the tomb complex dates back to the 25th dynasty (760-656 BC) or 26th dynasty (672-525 BC), based on a comparison to similar tombs that contain Osirian elements. The complex consists of a large hall supported by five...
  • Sudan's forgotten pyramids

    03/10/2010 7:15:38 AM PST · by Palter · 17 replies · 721+ views
    Agence France-Presse ^ | 07 Mar 2010 | Guillaume Lavallee
    Archaeologists say the pyramids, cemeteries and ancient palaces of the Nubian Desert in northern Sudan hold mysteries to rival ancient Egypt. There is not a tourist in sight as the Sun sets over sand-swept pyramids at Meroe, in northern Sudan. "There is a magic beauty about these sites that is heightened by the privilege of being able to admire them alone, with the pyramids, the dunes and the sun," says Guillemette Andreu, head of antiquities at Paris' Louvre museum. "It really sets them apart from the Egyptian pyramids, whose beauty is slightly overshadowed by the tourist crowds." Meroe lies around...
  • How Africa Became Black

    04/07/2006 2:19:00 PM PDT · by blam · 108 replies · 3,819+ views
    Discover Magazine ^ | 2-1994 | Jared Diamond
    How Africa Became Black Africa's racial history was not necessarily its racial destiny. To unravel the story of Africa's past, you must not only look at its faces but listen to its languages and harvest its crops. By Jared Diamond DISCOVER Vol. 15 No. 02 | February 1994 | Anthropology Despite all I'd read about Africa, my first impressions upon being there were overwhelming. As I walked the streets of Windhoek, the capital of newly independent Namibia, I saw black Herero people and black Ovambo; I saw Nama, a group quite unlike the blacks in appearance; I saw whites, descendants...
  • Ancient Egyptian royal head puzzles archaeologists

    01/30/2006 11:36:54 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies · 256+ views
    Mail&Guardian online ^ | 30 January 2006 | Sapa-dpa
    The Sakhmet statues, which date to the New Kingdom's 18th dynasty (circa 1533 to 1292 BC), hail from the same period as most of the finds in the area. The head, believed to date to the 25th dynasty (circa 760 to 656 BC) that is characterised by its Nubian features, seems out of place, however.
  • Bust of Memnon: Images of Blacks in Ancient Greece

    01/05/2013 9:35:51 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    The Root via ^ | Tuesday, January 1, 2013 | unattributed
    This marvelous bust is one of the very few documents of an actual black person from Greek and Roman antiquity. Memnon was a pupil and protégé of the well-known Athenian entrepreneur and philosopher Herodes Atticus. It was found more than a century ago in one of several villas owned by Herodes, and it adds a face to the name of the person recorded by Philostratus in his Lives of the Sophists, an account of the famous philosophers of the second century. The exact circumstances of Memnon's entry into this celebrated milieu are unknown, but there is no doubt about the...
  • In The Reign Of The Black Pharaohs

    04/05/2008 8:15:04 PM PDT · by blam · 23 replies · 1,088+ views
    Al-Ahram ^ | 4-4-2008 | Mohamed El-Hebeishy
    In the reign of the Black PharaohsWhich country has the largest collection of pyramids? Think again, for it is not Egypt, but Sudan. Join Mohamed El-Hebeishy as he visits north Sudan in search of answers The Northern Cemetery in Meroe, where more than 30 pyramids are in site Our great grandfathers called it Ta-Seti, Land of the Bow. They were referring to the area south of the First Cataract at Aswan, and the reason behind the name was the unparalleled skill its inhabitants demonstrated when using the bow as a method of arm. Those excellent bowmen were actually the Kushites....
  • SSU exhibit explores archaeology in ancient Nubia [Savannah State University ]

    02/06/2008 6:46:58 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 2 replies · 148+ views
    Connect Savannah ^ | February 5, 2008 | Linda Sickler
    Nubia was an important part of the trade route from ancient Egypt to other parts of Africa. Tirhaka, mentioned in the Bible as the king of Ethiopia (II Kings, 18-20; Isaiah, 37-38), actually was Taharqa, king of Nubia and Kush. He ruled Egypt from 690 to 664 BC during its 25th Dynasty. The Kingdom of Kerma was the first Nubian kingdom to unify much of the region. Its capital city was one of the earliest urban centers in tropical Africa. The kings of Kerma left behind rich tombs, which were filled with their possessions and sacrificial offerings. The metalworking and...
  • Black Pharaohs

    01/21/2008 11:49:03 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies · 1,280+ views
    National Geographic ^ | February 2008 | Robert Draper
    In the year 730 B.C., a man by the name of Piye decided the only way to save Egypt from itself was to invade it... North on the Nile River his soldiers sailed. At Thebes, the capital of Upper Egypt, they disembarked. Believing there was a proper way to wage holy wars, Piye instructed his soldiers to purify themselves before combat by bathing in the Nile, dressing themselves in fine linen, and sprinkling their bodies with water from the temple at Karnak, a site holy to the ram-headed sun god Amun, whom Piye identified as his own personal deity. Piye...
  • How Pharaoh Sailed To Karnak

    01/15/2008 11:00:27 AM PST · by blam · 20 replies · 218+ views
    Al-Ahram ^ | 1-14-2008 | Nevine El-Aref
    How Pharaoh sailed to Karnak New discoveries at Karnak Temple in Luxor have changed the landscape and the history of this great religious complex, writes Nevine El-Aref Clockwise from top: Ptolemaic bath with 16 seats; a stelae bearing the name of the 25th-Dynasty King Taharqa; the obelisk of Tuthmoses I at the eight pylons; restoration work at the Chapel of Osiris Neb-Ankh History has a special scent and taste at Karnak Temple. The emotions it evokes are powerful and timeless. Inside the lofty pylons is amassed an unsurpassed assembly of soaring obelisks, awe-inspiring chapels and hushed sanctuaries reflecting the spectacular...
  • Rare Nubian King Statues Uncovered in Sudan

    05/18/2005 4:21:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies · 635+ views
    National Geographic News ^ | February 27, 2003 | Hillary Mayell
    The seven statues, which stood between 1.3 to 2.7 meters (4 to 10 feet) tall, were inscribed with the names of five of Nubia's kings: Taharqa, Tanoutamon, Senkamanisken, Anlamani, and Aspelta. Taharqa and Tanoutamon ruled Egypt as well as Nubia. Sometimes known as the "Black Pharaohs," Nubian kings ruled Egypt from roughly 760 B.C. to 660 B.C... The Nubian period in Egypt is known as the Twenty-fifth Dynasty... Historians dislike the term "Black Pharaohs," calling it more of a media ploy than a meaningful designation. "It's such a loaded term," said Kendall. "The ancient Nile dwellers didn't really use...
  • Black Pharaoh Trove Uncovered

    01/20/2003 2:39:11 PM PST · by blam · 29 replies · 530+ views
    BBC ^ | 1-20-2003 | Ishbel Matheson
    Monday, 20 January, 2003, 17:47 GMT Black pharaoh trove uncovered The Nubian kings ruled 2,500 years ago By Ishbel Matheson BBC, Nairobi A team of French and Swiss archaeologists working in the Nile Valley have uncovered ancient statues described as sculptural masterpieces in northern Sudan. The archaeologists from the University of Geneva discovered a pit full of large monuments and finely carved statues of the Nubian kings known as the black pharaohs. The Swiss head of the archaeological expedition told the BBC that the find was of worldwide importance. The black pharaohs, as they were known, ruled over a mighty...
  • New Egyptian King Discovered

    04/26/2002 5:19:20 PM PDT · by vannrox · 23 replies · 766+ views
    Discovery News ^ | April 26 2002 | By Rossella Lorenzi, Discovery News
    April 26 A new Egyptian king has been discovered, according to Italian archaeologists digging at Luxor. Known to be a high-ranking priest in the theocratic state of Amon at Thebes, Harwa was also a king ruling southern Egypt during the obscure period of the so-called Black Pharaohs, the Nubian kings of the 25th Dynasty. A fat, bald man with a large face, almond-shaped eyes and thin lips, as portrayed in a statue, Harwa was born in the 8th century B.C. into a family of Theban priests. He must have been at the beginning of his career when Piankhy, the black...
  • Royal Nubia lies under sand

    04/22/2002 3:38:54 PM PDT · by vannrox · 18 replies · 3,992+ views
    National Post ^ | 4-22-02 | Margaret Munro
    Royal Nubia lies under sand Canadian archaeologists in Sudan, using magnetometers, have found a 2,000-year-old palace in the heart of the ancient black civilization If his partner had not fallen into an ancient tomb and broken both legs, Professor Krzysztof Grzymski would have discovered the ancient Nubian royal palace even sooner. Still, Grzymski, a professor at the University of Toronto and a curator at the Royal Ontario Museum, is a happy archaeologist these days. He and his colleague, who is walking again, have found what they believe are the remains of a palace and a colonnade built more than...
  • Martin Bernal, ‘Black Athena’ Scholar, Dies at 76

    06/23/2013 7:54:33 AM PDT · by Borges · 17 replies
    NYT ^ | 6/22/2013 | PAUL VITELLO
    Martin Bernal, whose three-volume work “Black Athena” ignited an academic debate by arguing that the African and Semitic lineage of Western civilization had been scrubbed from the record of ancient Greece by 18th- and 19th-century historians steeped in the racism of their times, died on June 9 in Cambridge, England. He was 76. The cause was complications of myelofibrosis, a bone marrow disorder, said his wife, Leslie Miller-Bernal. “Black Athena” opened a new front in the warfare over cultural diversity already raging on American campuses in the 1980s and ’90s. The first volume, published in 1987 — the same year...
  • Fewer African-Americans are observing Kwanzaa - why?

    12/21/2010 1:58:27 PM PST · by kingattax · 87 replies · 1+ views
    Philadelphia Daily News ^ | Dec. 21, 2010 | Jenice Armstrong
    I ASKED A 17-year-old I know what he thought about Kwanzaa and he said, "That Jewish holiday?" Uh, no. Clearly, his high school hasn't embraced the multicultural thing and isn't teaching students about the 44-year-old Afrocentric holiday. But I don't knock his ignorance because the truth is that Kwanzaa has never caught on with the majority of black Americans. At the same time, though, it has grown in mainstream acceptance as evidenced by the Kwanzaa postal stamps and greeting cards.
  • How The Greek Agora Changed The World

    03/24/2008 3:34:30 PM PDT · by blam · 16 replies · 551+ views
    Live Science ^ | 3-17-2008 | Heather Whipps
    How the Greek Agora Changed the WorldBy Heather Whipps, LiveScience's History Columnist posted: 17 March 2008 08:15 am ET It was the heart of the city – where ordinary citizens bought and sold goods, politics were discussed and ideas were passed among great minds like Aristotle and Plato. Who knows where we'd be without the "agoras" of ancient Greece. Lacking the concept of democracy, perhaps, or the formula for the length of the sides of a triangle (young math students, rejoice!). Modern doctors might not have anything to mutter as an oath. What went on at the agora went beyond...
  • Guess who warned Obama back in 1985 about the likely backlash of joining that Church?

    03/23/2008 8:10:54 PM PDT · by jdm · 33 replies · 2,992+ views
    Red State ^ | March 23, 2008 | Staff
    His kibitzer warned him 23 years ago about the possible repercussions of joining his church. Senator Obama has often referred to Reverend Wright as his Spiritual mentor and role model. Outside of his mother and wife it's Wright that has been the closest to him. He is his father figure or at least it seems that way. The Island PacketHilton Head IslandJanuary 27, 2007In his 1993 memoir Dreams from My Father Obama recounts in vivid detail his first meeting with Wright in 1985. The pastor warned the community activist that getting involved with Trinity might turn off other black clergy...
  • Wright's Mentor (Strange Fruit: The Cross and the Lynching Tree)

    03/23/2008 7:59:06 AM PDT · by JRochelle · 48 replies · 1,121+ views
    TheCorner ^ | 3/22/2008 | Stanley Kurtz
    Jeremiah Wright’s theological mentor, James Cone, Charles A. Briggs Distinguished Professor of Systematic Theology at Union Theological Seminary, is perhaps the most important figure in black liberation theology. Here Cone delivers the 2006 Ingersoll lecture at Harvard Divinity School. Dating from 1893, the Ingersoll Lecture is one of the oldest endowed lectures at Harvard. Cone’s Ingersoll lecture is entitled, "Strange Fruit: The Cross and the Lynching Tree." Cone is clearly an intelligent and charismatic speaker. There are a number of "zingers" in here which I think many listeners will object to. But this lecture is also significantly more toned down...
  • Obama, Hillary and Alinsky's Tactics

    01/17/2008 12:04:27 AM PST · by forkinsocket · 12 replies · 289+ views
    American Thinker ^ | January 17, 2008 | Kyle-Anne Shiver
    The emergence of a racial tinge to the Democratic Party nomination fight was all but inevitable, given both Hillary Clinton's and Barack Obama's training as disciples of Saul Alinsky. Hardball tactics right out of Rules for Radicals provide perspective for understanding the unfolding battle. Saul Alinsky, the hero of bloodless socialist revolution in America, was a master at explaining how to patiently use whatever weapons one has to bring about the transfer of power from the Haves to the Have Nots. Alinsky's definition of the Haves was broad and rather ill-defined; he simply called the Haves the "establishment." He included...
  • Disinvitation by Obama Is Criticized

    03/06/2007 4:14:00 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 41 replies · 1,818+ views
    NY Times ^ | March 6, 2007 | JODI KANTOR with Patrick Healy
    Trinity United Church of Christ/Religion New ServiceSenator Barack Obama with the Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr. in a 2005 photograph. CHICAGO, March 5 — The Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr., senior pastor of the popular Trinity United Church of Christ in Chicago and spiritual mentor to Senator Barack Obama, thought he knew what he would be doing on Feb. 10, the day of Senator Obama’s presidential announcement. After all, back in January, Mr. Obama had asked Mr. Wright if he would begin the event by delivering a public invocation. But Mr. Wright said Mr. Obama called him the night...
  • Obama’s Church - Afrocentric, Racist And Bush-Hating

    01/25/2007 9:55:36 AM PST · by Sam Hill · 107 replies · 12,876+ views
    Sweetness & Light ^ | January 25, 2007 | Steve Gilbert
    There has been some recent controversy about Barack Obama's religious background. Mr. Obama has recently issued statements through his spokesmen in the media (i.e., reporters) which express his shock at being questioned about such things. Most of his media spokesmen (i.e., reporters) have then gone on to cite his membership in Chicago's Trinity United Church Of Christ parish as proof that he is just a regular run of the mill American Christian.But a visit to the Trinity Church's website proves that it is not your everyday Christian parish: Trinity United Church of ChristAbout UsWe are a congregation which is Unashamedly...
  • Africans Invented Arithmetic and Algebra [double bagger barf alert]

    08/30/2006 10:41:19 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 73 replies · 2,119+ views
    Black Voice News ^ | Sunday, 27 August 2006 | Joseph A. Bailey, II M.D., F.A.C.S.
    The earliest treatise on algebra is the Egyptian Rhind Papyrus (c.1700 BC). But in c.3000 BC Egyptians called it "aha Calculus" because "Aha," "Ahe," or "Ahau" was the name of the second pharaoh of the first dynasty. Meaning mass, quantity, or heap (a pile of many things), it was used as an abstract term for the unknown in an equation. Originally, the word "algebra"-("al" "from Egypt"--"al-Kemit")--meant the reuniting of broken parts and was later defined by the Arabs as "restoration", including "bone setting". Note that Yin and Yang are also about the union of separate parts... Africans found a place...
  • Afrocentric lessons weighed

    03/20/2006 4:16:10 PM PST · by satchmodog9 · 25 replies · 513+ views
    The Chicago Libune ^ | 6-20-2006 | Deborah Horan
    Evanston/Skokie District 65 officials will vote Monday night on whether to launch an African-centered curriculum at two elementary schools where almost half the pupils are black. The proposal for the pilot project has been controversial because some parents say it would segregate children by race. Supporters, however, maintain that the program could help close the achievement gap between white and black pupils. Most of the seven board members declined to speak on the record about the issue or how they planned to vote at Monday's meeting. "It will likely result in single-race classrooms in a city that has a long...
  • Professor: Exterminate white people (Uber-Barf Alert)

    10/22/2005 10:49:52 AM PDT · by Jacob Kell · 3 replies · 1,137+ views ^ | October 22, 2005 |
    A visiting professor at North Carolina State University says the solution to the problems faced by many blacks is the extermination of "white people off the face of the planet." Kamau Kambon, who taught Africana Studies at the Raleigh school last spring, told a panel at Howard University Law School Oct. 14 this action must be taken "because white people want to kill us," the Carolina Journal reported. Kambon, a Raleigh activist and bookstore owner, was addressing a panel on "Hurricane Katrina Media Coverage," broadcast on C-SPAN. Excerpts of the speech can be heard here and the entire event is...
  • Black children who are given exotic names at birth are at more of a disadvantage...

    06/09/2005 9:26:31 AM PDT · by InvisibleChurch · 296 replies · 9,612+ views ^ | Thursday, June 09, 2005
    Black children who are given exotic names at birth are at more of a disadvantage than children with more common names, according to USA Today. “Afrocentric” names, which were popular in the 1970s and have since rebounded, are typically associated with low socioeconomic status. Indeed, economist David Figlio of the University of Florida examined data on 55,046 children and found: Children whose names began with “lo,” “ta,” and “qua,” or ended with “isha” or “ious” were more likely to score lower on tests and less likely to meet teacher expectations. They were also less likely to receive high-quality instruction or...

    04/09/2004 2:33:59 AM PDT · by kattracks · 9 replies · 686+ views
    New York Post ^ | 4/09/04 | ARNOLD AHLERT
    <p>April 9, 2004 -- LATE last month, my niece was invited to perform in a music concert at the Thornton Performing Arts Magnet School in Mount Vernon, N.Y. Prior to the festivities it was announced that the National Anthem would be sung - the Black National Anthem. Written by James Weldon Johnson, the anthem is mixture of God, the civil rights struggle and the dark days of slavery. This might be appropriate material for a church service, or an event dedicated to, or centered around, black achievement. This was neither. This was a public grade school music concert for students and their parents - of every ethnic background.</p>
  • Air America Will Displace Black Talk On WLIB (Black LIBS Angry At White LIBS)

    03/24/2004 8:28:45 AM PST · by PJ-Comix · 33 replies · 259+ views
    The Sacramento Observer ^ | March 23, 2004 | Karen Juanita Carrillo
    NEW YORK (NNPA) - New York's radio station WLIB-1190 AM has been loyally "serving New York's Black community" - as its logo states - for decades now. In the early '90s WLIB was lauded as a resource for "Afrocentric" programming and became known for featuring Imhotep Gary Byrd's "Global Black Experience" show. The station was in many ways a Black activist outlet. But by the end of this month, WLIB will be taking on a different hue, as it joins the launch of Progress Media's "Air America Radio," the new, predominately White, liberal talk-radio network. Air America has reportedly partnered...
  • The End of Blackness

    02/20/2004 10:05:05 AM PST · by freebacon · 29 replies · 565+ views ^ | February 20, 2004 | Jamie Glazov
    The End of BlacknessBy Jamie | February 20, 2004 Frontpage Interview’s guest today is Debra Dickerson, the author of the  prize-winning memoir An American Story and of the new book The End of Blackness. Educated at the University of Maryland, St. Mary’s University, and Harvard Law School, Ms. Dickerson has been both a senior editor and a contributing editor at U.S. News & World Report and a columnist at Beliefnet.Frontpage Magazine: Ms. Dickerson, welcome to Frontpage Interview. In your new book, you call Afrocentrism “self-eliminative and isolationist.” Could you kindly tell our readers why you believe this?Dickerson:  I don’t...
  • The End of Blackness

    02/20/2004 2:44:42 AM PST · by kattracks · 13 replies · 275+ views ^ | 2/20/04 | Jamie Glazov
    Frontpage Interview’s guest today is Debra Dickerson, the author of the  prize-winning memoir An American Story and of the new book The End of Blackness. Educated at the University of Maryland, St. Mary’s University, and Harvard Law School, Ms. Dickerson has been both a senior editor and a contributing editor at U.S. News & World Report and a columnist at Beliefnet.Frontpage Magazine: Ms. Dickerson, welcome to Frontpage Interview. In your new book, you call Afrocentrism “self-eliminative and isolationist.” Could you kindly tell our readers why you believe this?Dickerson:  I don’t think Afrocentrism must be self-eliminative and isolationist, just that it often...
  • Our Own Worst Enemies: How the Black Leadership Exploits Black America

    12/20/2003 11:51:02 AM PST · by bdeaner · 18 replies · 2,185+ views
    America's Voices ^ | 12/20/03 | La Shawn Barber
    A book written with truth, wisdom and insight shouldn't be revolutionary.  Unfortunately, reporting facts about black America can be downright subversive.  In his new book, , Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson ("the other Jesse") tells it like it is.  He is the founder and president of the successful non-profit  (BOND), whose purpose is "rebuilding the family by rebuilding the man".Rarely do I come across writing as brutally honest as my own when dealing with the black community.  Liberals in general won't like it, liberal blacks in particular will hate it, and conservatives will wonder what took so long.  SCAM is a...
  • Outrage in My School Newspaper

    03/02/2003 3:22:40 PM PST · by mansion · 36 replies · 373+ views
    City Times | 02/24/03 | Karl Mitchell
    San Diego City Times “TRUTH” by Karl Mitchell There is no such thing as white power. It is impossible for white Americans to be superior to anybody of color because they possess the recessive gene. I will focus on the contributions of Africans, but before I get started I would like to say that no matter how hard the White Americans try to get rid of God’s first people (by prisons, drugs, AIDS, poverty), we will be here forever. No matter how hard the white Americans tries to kill the speaker (Malcolm, Martin Luther King Jr.) they will keep being...
  • Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History

    09/25/2002 12:09:36 AM PDT · by Destro · 105 replies · 2,619+ views ^ | 1996 | Mary Lefkowitz
    Not Out of AfricaWas Greek Culture Stolen from Africa? Modern Myth vs. Ancient History Excerpted from her book: Not Out of Africa: How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History Why I wrote the book In the fall of 1991 I was asked to write a review-article for The New Republic about Martin Bernal's Black Athena and its relation to the Afrocentrist movement. The assignment literally changed my life. Once I began to work on the article I realized that here was a subject that needed all the attention, and more, that I could give to it. Although...
  • The Dwindling Light of Hellenism

    08/01/2002 12:54:22 PM PDT · by robowombat · 10 replies · 471+ views
    The Dwindling Light of Hellenism If the light by which we are guided is ever extinguished it will dwindle by degrees and expire by itself. Alexis de Tocqueville Ra-hotep gazed with admiration at the pyramids under construction and the intricate interlaced irrigation systems which brought life to the crops that fed his happy nation. How proud he was of the wonders wrought by his intelligent brown-skinned people. He was at the controls of a wood and papyrus glider which had been flung into the sky by a catapult designed by his ingenious engineers. His scientists had also built his cunningly...
  • Ebonics and the Betrayal of Black Children

    06/13/2002 11:31:27 AM PDT · by mrustow · 112 replies · 1,128+ views
    A Different Drummer ^ | 17 June 2002 | Nicholas Stix
    "In the five years since the Oakland debacle, with the help of a media white-out, so-called ebonics may have faded from the public's consciousness. But during the same time, the Afrocentric warlords dominating inner-city schools have continued their campaign to enslave poor, urban black children through teaching them racism, while refusing to teach them English."
  • Naming Names (discarding "Slave Names")

    03/14/2002 9:50:44 AM PST · by South Hawthorne · 26 replies · 1,897+ views
    Townhall. com ^ | March 14, 2001 | Thomas Sowell
    Naming namesThomas Sowell March 14, 2002Did anyone ever call Franklin D. Roosevelt a "Dutch American" or Dwight Eisenhower a "German American"? It would have been resented, not only by them and their supporters, but by Americans in general. These men were Americans -- not hyphenated Americans or half Americans. Most black families in the United States today have been here longer than most white families. No one except the American Indians can claim to have been on American soil longer. Why then call blacks in the United States "African Americans," when not even their great-great-great-grandparents ever laid eyes on Africa?...