Free Republic 4th Quarter Fundraising Target: $85,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $23,850
28%  
Woo hoo!! And the first 28% is in!! Thank you all very much!!

Keyword: algae

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Solazyme and Unilever Sign Commercial Development Agreement for Renewable Oils

    10/17/2011 7:36:33 AM PDT · by StolarStorm · 8 replies
    BUSINESS WIRE ^ | 10/17/2011 | Business Wire
    SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Solazyme, Inc. (NASDAQ:SZYM - News), a renewable oil and bioproducts company, announced the continuation and expansion of its relationship with Unilever, one of the world’s leading consumer goods companies. The Commercial Development Agreement, which is funded by Unilever, expands the companies’ current research and development efforts and is the fourth agreement the parties have entered into. Upon successful completion of the development agreement and related activities, the two companies have agreed the terms of a multi-year supply agreement in which Unilever would purchase commercial quantities of Solazyme’s renewable oils.
  • Bizarre Orange Goo Invades Alaskan Village; Leaves Experts Baffled

    08/07/2011 10:35:24 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 15 replies
    New York Daily News ^ | Sunday, August 7th 2011
    A massive patch of bright orange material washed up on the Alaskan coast, and has scientists baffled. The substance, which experts don't believe is man-made, could possibly be algae, but a kind no one has seen before. "There doesn't appear to be any evidence of a release of oil or hazardous substances at this time, but we're continuing to investigate and trying to get lab determinations on what exactly the material is," Emanuel Hignutt, analytical chemistry manager for Alaska's Environmental Health Laboratory told CNN. "What it is - an algal bloom, or something inorganic - that's what we're working to...
  • Oozing biofuel: Algae could solve world's fuel crisis (organisms need sunlight, CO2, seawater)

    07/29/2011 9:38:04 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 17 replies
    Der Spiegel ^ | 07/29/2011 | Von Philip Bethge
    Genetically modified blue and green algae could be the answer to the world's fuel problems. Bioengineers have already developed algae that produce ethanol, oil and even diesel -- and the only things the organisms need are sunlight, CO2 and seawater. Biochemist Dan Robertson's living gas stations have the dark-green shimmer of oak leaves and are as tiny as E. coli bacteria. Their genetic material has been fine-tuned by human hands. When light passes through their outer layer, they excrete droplets of fuel. "We had to fool the organism into doing what I wanted it to do," says Robertson, the head...
  • Melting icebergs fertilize ocean

    05/18/2011 4:42:07 PM PDT · by PROCON · 10 replies
    sciencenews.org ^ | May 16, 2011 | Janet Raloff
    Efforts to remove climate-warming carbon dioxide from Earth’s atmosphere appear to be getting a helping hand from a surprising source: the iron in meltwater from Antarctic icebergs. Icebergs calving off of Antarctica are shedding substantial iron — the equivalent of a growth-boosting vitamin — into waters starved of the mineral, a new set of studies demonstrates. This iron is fertilizing the growth of microscopic plants and algae, transforming the waters adjacent to ice floes into teeming communities of everything from tiny shrimplike krill to fish, birds and sometimes mammals.
  • Algae holds promise for nuclear clean-up - Organism's ability to distinguish strontium from...

    03/31/2011 6:54:15 PM PDT · by neverdem · 11 replies
    Nature News ^ | 30 March 2011 | Richard A. Lovett
    Organism's ability to distinguish strontium from calcium could help in dealing with nuclear waste. Common freshwater algae might hold a key to cleaning up after disasters such as Japan's Fukushima nuclear accident, scientists said yesterday at a meeting of the American Chemical Society in Anaheim, California. The algae, called Closterium moniliferum, are members of the desmid order, known to microbiologists for their distinctive shapes, said Minna Krejci, a materials scientist at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. But the crescent-shaped C. moniliferum caught Krejci's eye because of its unusual ability to remove strontium from water, depositing it in crystals that form...
  • Blue-green algae tested for treating ALS (spirulina)

    12/21/2010 9:00:47 AM PST · by decimon · 7 replies
    University of South Florida (USF Health) ^ | December 21, 2010 | Unknown
    Ancient food source may offer neuroprotectionNutritional supplementation with Spirulina, a nutrient-rich, blue-green algae, appeared to provide neuroprotective support for dying motor neurons in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, University of South Florida neuroscientists have found. Although more research is needed, they suggest that a spirulina-supplemented diet may provide clinical benefits for ALS patients. A spirulina dietary supplement was shown to delay the onset of motor symptoms and disease progression, reducing inflammatory markers and motor neuron death in a G93A mouse model of ALS. Spirulina, an ancient food source used by the...
  • Envirofascism Leaves Dirty Dishes

    12/16/2010 2:18:58 PM PST · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 27 replies · 2+ views
    Right Wing News ^ | December 15, 2010 | Van Helsing
    Everything is grubby in countries run by statist moonbats — even dishes fresh out of the dishwasher. A couple of months ago, Sandra Young from Vernon, Fla., started to notice that something was seriously amiss with her dishes. "The pots and pans were gray, the aluminum was starting to turn black, the glasses had fingerprints and lip prints still on them, and they were starting to get this powdery look to them," Vernon says. "I'm like, oh, my goodness, my dishwasher must be dying, I better get a new dishwasher." But others are having the same problem all across the...
  • Destruction of Giant Algae Doughnut Threatens Lake Michigan (Quagga mussels eating phytoplankton)

    09/08/2010 11:17:11 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 33 replies
    LiveScience.com ^ | 9/8/10 | Andrea Leontiou
    An invasive species of mussel called quagga has recently begun eating its way through the phytoplankton population of Lake Michigan, which could have dire effects on the lake's ecosystem, scientists now warn. A giant ring of phytoplankton (microscopic plants such as algae) was discovered in Lake Michigan in 1998 by Michigan Technological Universitybiologist W. Charles Kerfoot and his research team. The "phytoplankton doughnut" is formed when winter storms kick up nutrient-rich sediment along the southeastern shore of the lake. The disturbed sediments begin circulating in a slow-moving circle with the lake's currents, which provides a massive supply of food for...
  • Salamander's egg surprise - Algae enjoy symbiotic relationship with embryos.

    08/10/2010 12:27:42 AM PDT · by neverdem · 26 replies
    Nature News ^ | 4 August 2010 | Anna Petherick
    Scientists have stumbled across the first example of a photosynthetic organism living inside a vertebrate's cells. The discovery is a surprise because the adaptive immune systems of vertebrates generally destroy foreign biological material. In this case, however, a symbiotic alga seems to be surviving unchallenged — and might be giving its host a solar-powered metabolic boost. Algae cohabit with salamander embryos in their eggs — and inside their cells.T. LEVIN/PHOTOLIBRARY.COM The embryos of the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum) have long been known to enjoy a mutualistic relationship with the single-celled alga Oophila amblystomatis. The salamanders' viridescent eggs are coloured by...
  • Exploring Algae as Fuel

    07/27/2010 10:47:16 AM PDT · by Reeses · 16 replies · 1+ views
    The New York Times ^ | July 26, 2010 | Andrew Pollack
    SAN DIEGO — In a laboratory where almost all the test tubes look green, the tools of modern biotechnology are being applied to lowly pond scum. Foreign genes are being spliced into algae and native genes are being tweaked. Different strains of algae are pitted against one another in survival-of-the-fittest contests in an effort to accelerate the evolution of fast-growing, hardy strains. The goal is nothing less than to create superalgae, highly efficient at converting sunlight and carbon dioxide into lipids and oils that can be sent to a refinery and made into diesel or jet fuel.
  • Gulf of Mexico Intended to be an Algae Farm? Startling Indeed

    06/27/2010 6:05:21 PM PDT · by Nachum · 37 replies
    investigating obama ^ | 6/27/10 | Arlen Williams
    Algae. "Bio-fuel." After your latest prayer for God's solution to the Gulf catastrophe, please get comfortable in your chair and peruse this. You may wish to read this more than once and to read the linked documentation. And lest you think JoAnne and her friends are nutty, I have spoken with her and, for example, asked her if she believes the Deepwater Horzon gusher was started intentionally. And what did she say? "I don't know." Do you? I.O. does not suggest that the grand plan is to make one vast algae farm of the Gulf of Mexico, but mega-manipulators, mega-racketeers,...
  • Giant China algae slick getting bigger: report

    06/24/2010 9:40:20 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 23 replies
    AFP on Yahoo ^ | 6/24/10 | AFP
    BEIJING (AFP) – A floating expanse of green algae floating off China's eastern seaboard is growing and spreading further along the coast, state-run media has reported. The algae bloom has expanded by about 50 percent since it was first reported by state media earlier in the week to 320 square kilometres (120 square miles), or about four times the size of Hong Kong island, Xinhua news agency said. The algae island was previously situated several kilometres off the coast of Shandong province but has expanded southwards to waters off neighbouring Jiangsu, it said in a dispatch late Wednesday. Algae blooms...
  • Exxon Mobil lauds algae-based biofuels

    02/16/2010 7:23:48 PM PST · by Titus-Maximus · 18 replies · 375+ views
    UPI ^ | Jan 20, 2010 | staff
    ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, Jan. 20 (UPI) -- A solution to expand the options for renewable energy resources is through the use of biofuels produced by algae, Exxon Mobil executives said in Abu Dhabi. Emil Jacobs, vice president of research and development for Exxon Mobil, in a speech before the delegates at the 2010 World Future Energy Summit in Abu Dhabi said that with energy demands expected to rise by 35 percent in the next 20 years, all viable energy options must be explored. "We believe that biofuel produced by algae could be a meaningful part of the solution...
  • Potatoes, algae replacing oil in plastics

    12/21/2009 1:16:48 PM PST · by thackney · 22 replies · 611+ views
    Calgary Herald ^ | December 21, 2009 | Virginie Montet
    Frederic Scheer is biding his time, convinced that by 2013 the price of oil will be so high that his bio-plastics, made from vegetables and plants, will be highly marketable. Scheer, 55, is the owner of Cereplast, a company that designs and makes sustainable plastics from starches found in tapioca, corn, wheat and potatoes. He has believed for the past 20 years that the price of oil will eventually make petroleum-based plastics obsolete and clear the way for his alternative. "The tipping point for us is 95 dollars a barrel," he said. At that price "our product becomes cheaper" than...
  • A Global Catastrophic Event Wiped Out Ancient Forests

    11/22/2009 8:10:55 AM PST · by GodGunsGuts · 129 replies · 2,942+ views
    ICR News ^ | November 7, 2009 | Brian Thomas, M.S.
    Fungi are single or multi-celled organisms that break down organic materials, such as rotting wood, in order to absorb their nutrients. Neither plant nor animal, they range from mushrooms to single-celled yeast. Scientists were investigating organic chemicals trapped in an Italian sedimentary rock formation when they found evidence that an extinct fungus feasted on dead wood during a time when the world’s forests had been catastrophically eradicated.[1] What could have caused such a universal effect on forests, and why does organic material remain in rocks that are supposedly 251.4 million years old?...
  • U.S. Navy pushes green fleet

    10/19/2009 9:36:07 AM PDT · by Willie Green · 20 replies · 595+ views
    United Press International ^ | Oct. 19, 2009 | ???
    MCLEAN, Va., Oct. 19 (UPI) -- U.S. Navy officials laid out a series of initiatives intended to change the way the force uses energy, including the increased use of renewable resources. U.S. Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus unveiled a series of measures at an energy forum in Virginia. The measures include a shift toward long-term energy savings, the increased use of hybrid and electric vehicles and the creation of a so-called Green Strike Group composed of nuclear- and biofuel-powered vessels. The U.S. Department of Defense is the largest consumer of petroleum products in the United States, using roughly 330,000...
  • Toxic Algae Plagues the Midwest Killing Dogs, Sickening People..

    09/27/2009 5:12:23 PM PDT · by TaraP · 20 replies · 1,728+ views
    Fox News ^ | September 27th, 2009
    WAUSAU, Wis. — Waterways across the upper Midwest are increasingly plagued with ugly, smelly and potentially deadly blue-green algae, bloomed by drought and fertilizer runoffs from farm fields, that's killed dozens of dogs and sickened many people. Aquatic biologists say it's a problem that falls somewhere between a human health concern and a nuisance, but will eventually lead to more human poisoning. State officials are telling people who live on algae-covered lakes to close their windows, stop taking walks along the picturesque shorelines and keep their dogs from drinking the rank water. Peggy McAloon, 62, lives on Wisconsin's Tainter Lake...
  • Super-thin batteries made from paper and algae

    09/16/2009 10:27:28 PM PDT · by neverdem · 11 replies · 1,062+ views
    Chemistry World ^ | 15 September 2009 | Lewis Brindley
    Algae, paper and salt-water are the key components of thin and flexible new batteries, report Swedish researchers. Cellulose obtained from the bright green Cladophora algae proved to be key to the project, as it boasts a unique nanostructure with a high surface area. Although the batteries have lower voltage and power density than conventional batteries, their low cost and flexibility hold great promise for applications where metal-based batteries are impractical. The research is the product of a collaboration between two teams at Uppsala University in Sweden: Maria Strømme's group, who identified the potential of the algal cellulose, and Leif Nyholm's group, who...
  • Turning Algae Into Oil, with Help from Fish

    08/12/2009 4:29:54 PM PDT · by Reeses · 32 replies · 607+ views
    The New York Times ^ | August 12, 2009 | Matthew L. Wald
    There are two big problems associated with extracting liquid fuel from algae: getting the algae out of the water, and then getting the oil out of the algae. The pumps and centrifuges required to do this consume a lot of energy. A California company, LiveFuels, is trying out a new, less energy-intensive approach: It is feeding the algae to small fish — and letting them do the job of harvesting. After the fish fatten up, workers catch them in nets and process them for oil (as well as protein for animal feed). This is a bit like gathering whale oil,...
  • EERC Awarded Subcontract to Help Produce 100% Jet Fuel from Algae

    07/28/2009 7:21:41 AM PDT · by Reeses · 28 replies · 435+ views
    Renewable Energy World.com ^ | July 28, 2009 | RenewableEnergyWorld.com
    The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota has been awarded a subcontract by Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) to help produce jet fuel from algae. The effort is being funded by the U.S. Department of Defense's (DoD) Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and is a continuation of the first successful production of 100% renewable fuel for the U.S. military by the EERC. Under a previous DARPA contract, the EERC advanced the development of a feedstock-flexible process that can utilize various crop oil feedstocks to produce combinations of renewable jet fuel, diesel and naphtha...
  • Low-cost process produces natural gas from algae

    05/07/2009 5:06:07 PM PDT · by decimon · 43 replies · 816+ views
    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ^ | May 6th, 2009 | Unknown
    The method, called catalytic hydrothermal gasification, creates natural gas out of algae - more quickly, more efficiently and at higher yields than other biofuel processes. Genifuel expects the process also requires less capital investment. The license agreement moves this technology for renewable energy production a step closer to commercial reality. Battelle operates PNNL for DOE. "Algae and other aquatic biomass hold significant promise for our country's ability to produce renewable energy domestically," said Genifuel President Jim Oyler. "At Genifuel we have developed efficient growth and harvesting techniques for the aquatic biomass. With this gasification process, we can convert the biomass...
  • A Strategy For Winning completely In Afghanistan in 3 years.

    04/17/2009 3:41:39 PM PDT · by ckilmer · 4 replies · 226+ views
    4/17/09
    A pretty good strategy for winning the Afghan war would be to drop in some ,biodiesal refineries that can produce diesel for "$1.25 to $1.75 per gallon from a variety of feedstocks that ranges from restaurant and ethanol-plant waste oils to non-edible crops and plain old pond scum." Drop those in the poppy valleys, kill the poppy plants and offer to pay the farmers for their dead poppy plants to use as feedstock for the biodiesal refineries. That diesal could be used for ground based vehicles. Interestingly, if you read this article, you'll note that the airline industry is far...
  • Microbes to Convert Coal to Methane and Algae Fuel are Both Close to Industrial Scaleup

    04/04/2009 4:15:52 PM PDT · by decimon · 27 replies · 936+ views
    Next Big Future ^ | Apr. 3, 2009 | Brian Wang
    > Biofuels technologies appear capable of someday producing 200,000 barrels of jet fuel a day—enough to supply the needs of the U.S. Air Force—from algae grown on less than 800,000 acres. [10-11 gallons per day or 3650-4000 gallons per year] “It’s not crazy to imagine that by the year 2050 we (the United States) could become an oil exporter again,” Briggs said. 80 million acres would replace the current oil demand of the United States. 3% of total land in the United States. Other estimates are 1-2% or less as the processes are improved. Light pipes allow for deeper algae...
  • Deadly Waters No Problem for Well-Equipped Algae

    03/25/2009 8:39:17 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 28 replies · 478+ views
    ICR ^ | March 25, 2009 | Brian Thomas, M.S.
    Deadly Waters No Problem for Well-Equipped Algae by Brian Thomas, M.S.* Arsenic is a common toxic component in pesticides and herbicides, and one place it is found naturally is in the hot springs of Yellowstone National Park. The arsenic in the water there would be deadly to many living creatures, yet the Cyanidioschyzon algae thrive in it because they are specially equipped to detoxify arsenic through chemical modification. Some bacteria, marine worms, and lichens are also known to convert between different forms of arsenic, but new research details how the algae do it....
  • John Doerr, Kleiner Perkins Say Algae Won't Save World

    03/08/2009 3:16:23 PM PDT · by nickcarraway · 7 replies · 426+ views
    The Business Inisder ^ | Mar. 6, 2009 | Jay Yarow
    Speaking at the ECO:nonomics conference yesterday, John Doerr, Vinod Khosla, and Bryant Tongall said they're not interested in backing any companies working on algae biofuels. On the face of it, that makes sense. It's pond scum. However, algae was already used twice this year to fuel test flights of commercial planes. It was mixed with jatropha seed oil. But those test flights aren't enough to get major venture capitalists interested, even though Khosla said he looked at more than 100 algae biofuel companies. Environmental Capital: For Mr. Doerr of Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers, the problem is algae itself. To...
  • Nevada conducts algae-to-biofuel research project (An end to the corn ethanol scam?)

    01/29/2009 4:59:41 AM PST · by MAD-AS-HELL · 8 replies · 1,091+ views
    The first real-world, demonstration-scale project in Nevada for turning algae into biofuel has successfully completed the initial stage of research at the University of Nevada, Reno. The project is on track to show the process is an economical, commercially viable renewable energy source in Nevada.
  • Engineering algae to make fuel instead of sugar

    12/26/2008 11:31:10 PM PST · by neverdem · 34 replies · 1,184+ views
    biologynews.net ^ | December 17, 2008 | NA
    In pursuing cleaner energy there is such a thing as being too green. Unicellular microalgae, for instance, can be considered too green. In a paper in a special energy issue of Optics Express, the Optical Society's (OSA) open-access journal, scientists at the University of California, Berkeley describe a method for using microalgae for making biofuel. The researchers explain a way to genetically modify the tiny organisms, so as to minimize the number of chlorophyll molecules needed to harvest light without compromising the photosynthesis process in the cells. With this modification, instead of making more sugar molecules, the microalgae could be...
  • Algae-dyed polar bears puzzle Japan zoo visitors

    09/07/2008 6:12:09 PM PDT · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 9 replies · 214+ views
    One News Now ^ | September 7, 2008 | Associated Press
    Green-colored polar bears are drawing questions from puzzled visitors at a Japanese zoo. Three normally white polar bears at Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens in central Japan changed their color in July after swimming in a pond with an overgrowth of algae. ... High temperatures in July and August and less-frequent water changes because of the zoo's conservation efforts caused an algae growth in the bear pond and safety moat, Kurobe said.
  • Pond-Scum Fuel and Earth’s Oil Problem

    07/29/2008 5:48:39 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 49 replies · 242+ views
    www.thetrumpet.com ^ | 7-29-2008 | Robert Morley
    Oil prices recently hit $140 per barrel. The cost to grow and transport food is rising in tandem, and the global economy is being squeezed. Meanwhile pollution from burning fossil fuels continues to pollute the planet. The world needs an abundant source of clean, transportable, inexpensive fuel. Could microscopic algae hold a key to that future? There has been a lot of hype surrounding oil production from algae lately. Visionaries claim algae holds the key to energy independence, but as exciting as oil produced from algae is, the reality is that a fossil-fuel-free economy is probably farther off than many...
  • Pond scum to the rescue?

    07/05/2008 7:54:19 AM PDT · by ovrtaxt · 121 replies · 142+ views
    Denver Post ^ | 07/05/2008 | unknown
    Remember the optimist's creed, "If life gives you lemons, make them into lemonade"? Well, ConocoPhillips and the Colorado Center for Biorefining and Biofuels are trying to do one better in a new, $5 million research partnership: "If life gives you pond scum, turn it into alternative fuels. And while you're at it, fight global warming." OK, trying to cram two good ideas into one slogan may make it too long for bumper stickers. But it is a classic example of the creative thinking that promises to reshape Colorado's future while creating jobs in the new energy economy. Making fuels from...
  • Chevron, NREL team up on algae biofuel

    12/18/2007 10:58:07 AM PST · by isaiah55version11_0 · 4 replies · 71+ views
    cleantech ^ | November 1, 2007 | Dan Arvizu
    The two plan to develop algae strains that can be economically harvested and processed into finished transportation fuels. San Ramon, Calif.-based oil giant Chevron (NYSE: CVX) said it signed an agreement to work with the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory to produce transportation fuels using algae. Chevron said its Chevron Technology Ventures unit will fund the initiative but did not disclose the amount of the financing. The company said it would collaborate with NREL scientists to identify and develop algae strains that can be economically harvested and processed into finished transportation fuels such as jet fuel. "NREL...
  • Marine algae get the green light from Shell

    12/18/2007 10:42:43 AM PST · by isaiah55version11_0 · 55 replies · 184+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 22 December 2007 | New Scientist
    SHELL is to become the first major oil company to produce diesel fuel from marine algae. Algae are a climate-friendly way to make fuel from carbon dioxide. They produce an oil that can readily be converted to diesel, and can be fed CO2 directly from smokestacks. Unlike biofuels such as corn, they don't use up soil or water that could otherwise be used to grow food, which can pump up food prices. The US government abandoned research on algal biofuel in the 1990s because of the low cost of crude oil. But as oil and food prices began to rise,...
  • There's Oil in That Slime (Algae)

    11/29/2007 3:24:45 PM PST · by decimon · 61 replies · 142+ views
    Associated Press ^ | November 29, 2007 | STEVE KARNOWSKI
    ST. PAUL, Minn. - The 16 big flasks of bubbling bright green liquids in Roger Ruan's lab at the University of Minnesota are part of a new boom in renewable energy research. Driven by renewed investment as oil prices push $100 a barrel, Ruan and scores of scientists around the world are racing to turn algae into a commercially viable energy source. Some varieties of algae are as much as 50 percent oil, and that oil can be converted into biodiesel or jet fuel. The biggest challenge is slashing the cost of production, which by one Defense Department estimate is...
  • Could West Texas algae curb oil dependence?

    10/08/2007 11:17:35 AM PDT · by According2RecentPollsAirIsGood · 50 replies · 1,814+ views
    Houston Chronicle ^ | Oct. 7, 2007 | Brett Clanton
    ANTHONY — A year ago, this dusty patch of land near the New Mexico border contained little more than dirt and the odd sprig of alfalfa. Today, it is home to a $3 million laboratory that is crackling with activity. The hi-tech lab was built for a peculiar but possibly revolutionary purpose: to explore ways algae can be used to reduce the world's dependence on oil. An arid stretch of West Texas might seem like a strange place to study the tiny water-borne plants, but the work is more than just a big idea. The two companies behind it, El...
  • Icky algae alarms New England fishermen ("rock snot")

    08/26/2007 9:23:07 AM PDT · by nuconvert · 16 replies · 762+ views
    Yahoo News/AP ^ | Aug 26, 2007
    Icky algae alarms New England fishermen By LISA RATHKE, Associated Press Writer Aug 26, 2007 STOCKBRIDGE, Vt. - It looks like a clump of soiled sheep's wool, a cottony green or white mass that's turning up on rocks and river bottoms, snarling waterways. Already a scourge in New Zealand and parts of the American South and West, the aquatic algae called "rock snot" is creeping into New England, where it is turning up in pristine rivers and alarming fishermen and wildlife biologists. "It scares me," said Lawton Weber, a fly fishing guide, who first spotted it on the Connecticut River...
  • Widescale Biodiesel Production from Algae [ 2004 ]

    06/11/2007 10:10:55 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies · 340+ views
    University of New Hampshire, Physics Department ^ | revised August 2004 | Michael Briggs
    In "The Controlled Eutrophication process: Using Microalgae for CO2 Utilization and Agircultural Fertilizer Recycling"3, the authors estimated a cost per hectare of $40,000 for algal ponds. In their model, the algal ponds would be built around the Salton Sea (in the Sonora desert) feeding off of the agircultural waste streams that normally pollute the Salton Sea with over 10,000 tons of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers each year. The estimate is based on fairly large ponds, 8 hectares in size each. To be conservative (since their estimate is fairly optimistic), we'll arbitrarily increase the cost per hectare by 100% as a...
  • The Basics: Fill your tank with vegetable oil

    04/30/2005 6:10:42 AM PDT · by grania · 132 replies · 2,858+ views
    MSN online | April 30, 2005 | Jim Washburn
    Diesel engines can run on just about anything, including used cooking oil. An entire industry is emerging to provide brave 'biodiesel' pioneers with the ingredients for petroleum-free motoring. One day last March, my musician friend Jonathan drove up in a Mercedes. This was odd, since Jonathan is so resolutely counterculture that he once tried recording an album in the woods, without electricity. His car's exhaust smelled faintly of french fries, and therein lay the explanation: The new Jonathan Richman tour vehicle -- an '84 300D Turbo -- was running on vegetable oil-derived biodiesel fuel as he and his drummer crisscrossed...
  • Bean Machines - Diesel fuel from soybeans gains traction.

    10/24/2006 8:05:36 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 29 replies · 927+ views
    Machine Design Magazine ^ | 28 Sep 2006 | Lawrence Kren
    Most would agree, the days of cheap oil are gone. Burgeoning economies in China and India, instability in oil-producing regions, and refineries running at capacity, exacerbate already tight crude supplies. This confluence of events has forced major oilconsuming nations to take a more serious look at alternative fuels. In the U.S., ethanol from corn has helped cut dependence on foreign oil. The U.S. in 2004 produced about 3.4 billion gallons of ethanol , equivalent to roughly 2% of annual gasoline consumption. Europe, on the other hand, has seen a decline in gasoline consumption, along with a commensurate rise in demand...
  • If we want to save the planet, we need a five-year freeze on biofuels

    03/30/2007 6:21:51 AM PDT · by Uncledave · 178 replies · 287+ views
    Guardian UK ^ | 3/27/2007` | George Monbiot
    It used to be a matter of good intentions gone awry. Now it is plain fraud. The governments using biofuel to tackle global warming know that it causes more harm than good. But they plough on regardless. {snip} So what's wrong with these programmes? Only that they are a formula for environmental and humanitarian disaster. In 2004 I warned, on these pages, that biofuels would set up a competition for food between cars and people. The people would necessarily lose: those who can afford to drive are richer than those who are in danger of starvation. It would also lead...
  • Carbon Gas Is Explored as a Source of Ethanol

    04/28/2007 12:22:03 AM PDT · by neverdem · 9 replies · 500+ views
    NY Times ^ | April 24, 2007 | LAWRENCE M. FISHER
    SAN FRANCISCO, April 23 — A New Zealand company said Monday that it had secured financing from an investor in Silicon Valley to produce ethanol from an untapped source — carbon monoxide gas. The company, LanzaTech, based in Auckland, said it had developed a fermentation process in which bacteria consume carbon monoxide and produce ethanol. Ethanol can be used as an alternative fuel or an octane-boosting, pollution-reducing additive to gasoline. Sean Simpson, LanzaTech’s co-founder and chief scientific officer, said the company would use the $3.5 million investment from the venture firm, Khosla Ventures, to establish a pilot plant and perform...
  • Frankenstein fuels

    08/03/2006 7:28:00 AM PDT · by ZGuy · 23 replies · 2,589+ views
    New Statesman ^ | 8/7/6 | Mark Lynas
    Pioneered by bearded hippies running clapped-out vans on recycled chip fat, biofuels now mean big business, sold to us as a solution to global warming. We must not be fooled, argues Mark Lynas Late every summer, large areas of central Borneo become invisible. There's no magic involved - most of the densely forested island simply gets covered with a pall of thick smoke. Huge areas of forest burn, while beneath the ground peat many metres thick smoulders on for months. These trees are burning in a good cause, however. They are burning to help save the world from global warming....
  • Fueling a Revolution : Biodiesel moves almost into mainstream in Bay Area

    02/22/2007 7:16:14 AM PST · by Reeses · 65 replies · 854+ views
    The San Francisco Chronicle ^ | Thursday, February 22, 2007 | Michael Cabanatuan
    About a year ago, Paul McNees chose to change his life by changing his fuel. ... "I just couldn't justify filling up that tank with gasoline anymore for a multitude of reasons," said McNees, 43, citing global warming and the war in Iraq. "This has been great. It's totally cleaned out the engine. It runs great, has a lot more power. It sort of smells like french fries -- it doesn't have that noxious diesel smell." ... Nationally, biodiesel consumption is up sharply -- from 500,000 gallons in 1999 to more than 75 million gallons in 2005. In the Bay...
  • Liquid coal: A cheaper, cleaner 21st century fuel?

    12/18/2006 9:10:18 AM PST · by Red Badger · 47 replies · 1,793+ views
    yahoo.com ^ | 12/17/2006 | Steve James
    EW YORK (Reuters) - When railroads ruled, it was the sweating firemen shoveling coal into the furnace who kept the engines running. Now, nearly two centuries after Stephenson's "Rocket" steam locomotive helped usher in the Industrial Revolution, that same coal could be the fuel that keeps the jet age aloft. But with a twist: The planes of the future could be flown with liquid fuel made from coal or natural gas. Already the United States Air Force has carried out tests flying a B-52 Stratofortress with a coal-based fuel. And JetBlue Airways Corp. (Nasdaq:JBLU - news) supports a bill in...
  • Oil giant Chevron bets on biodiesel

    02/25/2007 9:07:40 PM PST · by thackney · 29 replies · 791+ views
    Houston Chronicle via Checkbiotech ^ | February 26, 2007 | Brett Clanton
    GALVESTON - Next month, the world will get a glimpse of what Big Oil can bring to the fast-growing alternative fuels movement when a new biodiesel plant here, backed by a major U.S. oil company, opens for business. The plant, which can produce 20 million gallons a year of diesel fuel made from soybean oil, is among the largest of its kind in the nation and is expected to soon grow bigger. But what's more notable is that it is partly owned by Chevron Corp., the San Ramon, Calif.-based oil giant. With the investment, Chevron has become one of the...
  • Worse Than Fossil Fuel

    03/22/2006 10:02:14 AM PST · by Jack of all Trades · 37 replies · 4,313+ views
    Monbiot.com ^ | 6/12/2005 | George Monbiot
    Biodiesel enthusiasts have accidentally invented the most carbon-intensive fuel on earth By George Monbiot. Published in the Guardian 6th December 2005 Over the past two years I have made an uncomfortable discovery. Like most environmentalists, I have been as blind to the constraints affecting our energy supply as my opponents have been to climate change. I now realise that I have entertained a belief in magic. In 2003, the biologist Jeffrey Dukes calculated that the fossil fuels we burn in one year were made from organic matter “containing 44×10 to the 18 grams of carbon, which is more than 400...
  • Venture Capitalists Want to Put Some Algae in Your Tank

    03/07/2007 12:47:12 AM PST · by neverdem · 20 replies · 685+ views
    NY Times ^ | March 7, 2007 | CLIFFORD KRAUSS
    NILAND, Calif. — The idea of replacing crude oil with algae may seem like a harebrained way to clean up the planet and bolster national security. But Lissa Morgenthaler-Jones and her husband, David Jones, are betting their careers and personal fortunes that they can grow masses of the slimy organism and use its natural photosynthesis process to produce a plentiful supply of biofuel. A few companies are in a race to be first to convert algae to fuel on a commercial scale, and it will require not a small amount of money, luck and biotech tweaking. “You have a vintage...
  • Biofuels Smackdown: Algae vs. Soybeans

    12/28/2006 8:58:22 AM PST · by Red Badger · 22 replies · 927+ views
    www.redherring.com ^ | 12/07/2006 | Jennifer Kho
    While some see algae as the ideal source for biofuels, industry watchers at ThinkEquity’s Greentech Summit in San Francisco on Thursday said the technology is likely to be years away. “Algae, as a biodiesel feedstock, is further out than cellulosic ethanol,” said Martin Tobias, CEO of biodiesel company Imperium Renewables, referring to ethanol from materials like wood chips, switchgrass, and corn stover. Algae simply aren’t available in large-enough quantities right now, he said. “We’re opening a 100-million-gallon facility in June, and there won’t be 100 million gallons of algae available next year,” he said. “It’s not about whether algae can...
  • Algae Biofuel From Sewage

    12/28/2006 8:29:11 AM PST · by Red Badger · 15 replies · 834+ views
    www.ecosherpa.com ^ | 12/20/2006 | Staff
    New Zealand’s Aquaflow Bionomic Corp. has become the World’s first producer of biofuel from sewage-pond-grown algae (well, the first to announce it anyway). This certainly caught my attention since it sounds like an interesting variation of the algal-biofuel idea we’ve been discussing in several posts on the blog. Aside from the fact that expensive reactor systems are not required (presumably some sort of effective harvesting system would however be needed), unlike other algal-biofuel technologies this approach relies on ‘wild algae’ - ie. algae that naturally colonize sewage ponds already. According to a brief blurb on Radio New Zealand, Aquaflow thinks...
  • Solix and Colorado State University Commercializing New Algae-to-Biodiesel Process

    12/28/2006 7:21:51 AM PST · by Red Badger · 8 replies · 544+ views
    www.greencarcongress.com ^ | 12/27/2006 | Doug Henston
    A prototype of the Solix photo-bioreactor for algae production. Solix Biofuels Inc., a startup company based in Boulder, Colorado, is working with Colorado State University engineers to commercialize technology to produce biodiesel from oil derived from algae. Solix officials plan to have the technology on the market over the next two years. The Solix photo-bioreactors for algae production are based upon 20 years of research (the Aquatic Species Program) originating at the National Renewal Energy Laboratory (NREL), and are massively scaleable, according to the company. The algae grow within closed plastic bags, which reduces the possibility of infestation drastically....
  • World first wild algae bio-diesel test drive

    12/15/2006 1:13:32 PM PST · by Red Badger · 19 replies · 644+ views
    www.scoop.co.nz ^ | 12/15/2006 | Staff
    World’s first wild algae bio-diesel successfully test driven in Wellington The world’s first wild algae bio-diesel, produced in New Zealand by Aquaflow Bionomic Corporation, was successfully test driven in Wellington today by the Minister for Energy and Climate Change Issues, David Parker. In front of a crowd of invited guests, media and members of the public, the Minister filled up a diesel-powered Land Rover with Aquaflow B5 blend bio-diesel and then drove the car around the forecourt of Parliament Buildings in Central Wellington. Green Party co-leader, Jeanette Fitzsimons was also on board. Marlborough-based Aquaflow announced in May that it had...