Keyword: anatolia

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  • The Nicea Church: Where Did the Council of Nicea Meet? [Grant's Tomb stumper]

    11/02/2018 10:36:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Biblical Archaeology Review ^ | Friday, November 2, 2018 | Robin Ngo
    Where exactly did the Council of Nicea meet in 325? As described in their article "Nicea's Underwater Basilica" in the November/December 2018 issue of BAR, Mustafa Sahin and Mark R. Fairchild have an idea. In 2014, an ancient basilica was discovered 165 feet off the coast of Iznik, submerged 6-10 feet under Lake Askanios. Subsequent survey and excavation headed by Professor Mustafa Sahin of Uludag University determined that this Nicea church had three aisles and a central apse and dated to the late fourth-early fifth century... The floor of the basilica's nave lay 1.6 feet lower than its walls, suggesting...
  • Sailing the Wine-Dark Sea: International Trade and the Late Bronze Age Aegean

    08/28/2004 4:49:39 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies · 886+ views
    George Washington University ^ | 1994 | Eric H. Cline
    The traditional circular sea route by which merchants are thought to have sailed around the ancient Mediterranean runs counter-clockwise: from the Greek Mainland to Crete, south to Egypt, up to Syro-Palestine and Cyprus, west to the Aegean via the southern coast of Anatolia, then to Rhodes and the Cycladic Islands, and ending up again at Crete and Mainland Greece. Longer routes incorporated the Central and Western Mediterranean as well. Merchants may, of course, have started in on this route at any point, for instance in Italy or Syro-Palestine rather than Crete. Recent evidence has demonstrated that a clockwise route...
  • Cuisine of early farmers revealed by analysis of proteins in pottery from Catalhoyuk

    10/08/2018 11:45:57 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    EurekAlert ^ | October 3, 2018 | Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
    Çatalhöyük was a large settlement inhabited from about 7100 BC to 5600 BC by early farmers, and is located in what is now central Turkey. The site showcases a fascinating layout in which houses were built directly next to each other in every direction and stands out for its excellent preservation of finds... For this study, the researchers analyzed vessel sherds from the West Mound of Çatalhöyük, dating to a narrow timeframe of 5900-5800 BC towards the end of the site's occupation. The vessel sherds analyzed came from open bowls and jars, as shown by reconstructions and had calcified residues...
  • Catalhoyuk Mural: The Earliest Representation of a Volcanic Eruption? [Hasan Dag]

    08/22/2018 8:26:06 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    BAR ^ | August 8, 2018 | Noah Wiener
    In the early 1960s, archaeologist James Mellaart uncovered a mural at Çatalhöyük, the world's largest and best-preserved Neolithic site, which he interpreted to represent a volcanic eruption. Fifty years later, scientific tests done on pumice at the nearby volcano Hasan Dag confirm that there was, in fact, an eruption between 9,500 and 8,400 years ago -- a timespan including the era that the mural was likely painted. ...In an Archaeology Odyssey article, Michael Balter, author of The Goddess and the Bull, wrote: "One painting, he [Mellart] thought, seemed to represent a town plan of the Neolithic village, with an erupting...
  • DNA analysis of 6,500-year-old human remains in Israel points to origin of ancient culture

    08/21/2018 2:03:14 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | August 20, 2018 | American Friends of Tel Aviv University
    An international team of researchers from Tel Aviv University, the Israel Antiquities Authority and Harvard University has discovered that waves of migration from Anatolia and the Zagros mountains (today's Turkey and Iran) to the Levant helped develop the Chalcolithic culture that existed in Israel's Upper Galilee region some 6,500 years ago. The study is one of the largest ancient DNA studies ever conducted in Israel and for the first time sheds light on the origins of the Chalcolithic culture in the Levant, approximately 6,000-7,000 years ago... The team unearthed dozens of burials in the natural stalactite cave that is 17...
  • The Catalhoyuk site in Turkey

    08/16/2018 12:17:29 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    Science Mag ^ | August 13, 2018 | Michael Price
    Animal fat on ancient pottery reveals a nearly catastrophic period of human prehistory -- A bit more than 8000 years ago, the world suddenly cooled, leading to much drier summers for much of the Northern Hemisphere. The impact on early farmers must have been extreme, yet archaeologists know little about how they endured. Now, the remains of animal fat on broken pottery from one of the world’s oldest and most unusual protocities -- known as Çatalhöyük -- is finally giving scientists a window into these ancient peoples’ close call with catastrophe... Today, Çatalhöyük is just a series of dusty, sun-baked...
  • Lycian Influence To The Indian Cave Temples

    07/11/2005 10:37:19 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies · 718+ views
    There are caves and sarcophagi with pointed arches in Lycia, moreover carved as if they were wooden structures. Many of them were made in the 4th century B.C. As to India, the first cave temples appeared in the middle of the 3rd century B.C. They are the caves at Barabar and Nagarjuni Hills built for Ajivikas by King Ashoka. If there is no connection between the two sites located so far apart, it might be considered only a strange coincidence. However, there exists historical evidence of the eastern expedition by Alexander the Great of Macedonia (reign 336 B.C. - 323...
  • Looking beneath the surface: Geophysical surveys at Gobekli Tepe

    07/23/2018 12:09:41 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 27 replies
    The Tepe Telegrams ^ | 7/18/2018 | Gobekli Tepe Research Staff
    Archaeological survey methods have changed significantly over the last years. One innovation which has dramatically changed the way field archaeologists work are ground-based physical sensing techniques (for a short introduction into this technology and its application see, e.g. here [external link]). This technology provides us with images of possible archaeological features beneath the surface without even taking a shovel to hand. In 2003, a geophysical survey was undertaken at Göbekli Tepe with the help of GGH -- Solutions in Geoscience GmbH. In a first step, large parts of the tell were subjected to extensive magnetic prospection, and later selected areas...
  • Tubingen archaeologists uncover cuneiform archive in Iraq's Kurdish region

    03/30/2018 6:13:44 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Universitat Tubingen ^ | October 23, 2017 | Janna Eberhardt
    University of Tübingen archaeologists headed by Professor Peter Pfälzner have made sensational finds in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq. The researchers from the Institute for Ancient Near Eastern Studies found a cuneiform archive of 93 clay tablets dating from... the Middle Assyrian Empire. The tablets were found at the Bronze Age city site of Bassetki, which was only discovered in 2013... The researchers unearthed a layer from the little-known Mittani Kingdom (approx. 1550 - 1300) for the first time at this location. Two Mittani cuneiform tablets found in this level document intense trade conducted by the city's inhabitants around...
  • Concrete Poured on World's Oldest Temple Gobeklitepe

    03/20/2018 12:03:38 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 19 replies
    BIA News ^ | 20 March 2018 | unattributed, soon to be political prisoner
    "They'd said they wouldn't pour concrete on the protected area" "They've dismantled some parts of wooden walkway project that started in 2013 because they plotted another route. The new route is right on where Klaus keeps spacious to prevent crowded guest groups. They had said that they would build the walkway down to the guest center and wouldn't pour concrete on the protected when Klaus was alive". "I say 'destruction', they say 'road'" "They are doing everything in a rush that Klaus didn't want as he knew it will destroy Göbeklitepe. I cannot explain the extend of the destruction which...
  • A Turkish Man Discovered a Whole City in His Basement

    01/28/2018 1:23:11 PM PST · by aMorePerfectUnion · 70 replies
    Floor8beta ^ | 25 January 2018 | Lindsey Young
    ​In 1963, a Turkish man accidentally uncovered an underground city while making renovations to his home. In the region of ​Cappadocia, the man was knocking down a wall in his basement when he unintentionally came across a secret room, which led to an underground tunnel, which opened up to a ancient hidden city: Derinkuyu.This ancient city was lying 18 stories beneath the Earth's surface. With about 600 entrances, it could house over 20,000 people and the preservation from the photos show the possibility of livestock, food supplies, churches, tombs, communal rooms, schools and stables all hidden in the underground city (Chapel featured in image above). The subterranean...
  • What Happened to the Dream of Underground Cities?

    06/10/2016 5:47:01 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 70 replies
    Motherboard ^ | June 9, 2016 | Ernie Smith
    The rediscovery of an ancient underground city in Turkey a few years ago was an exciting find—the very kind of exciting find that the internet eats up. The 5,000-year-old cave villa, found in the city of Nevşehir, is fairly huge, with approximately 3.5 miles of tunnels, and dozens of rooms making up churches, tombs, and other safe spaces. In comments to National Geographic, Nevşehir Mayor Hasan Ünver noted that there was a bit of a paper trail that went back hundreds of years, but not one that implied that there was an entire city in the area. "We found documents...
  • A 1500-Year-Old Underground Byzantine Church Is Found in Turkey

    05/11/2016 1:59:25 PM PDT · by NYer · 24 replies
    Aletelial ^ | May 11, 2016 | Daniel Esparza
    Last February, archaeologists unearthed a unique rock-carved underground church in Nevsehir, in the central Turkish region of Cappadocia. The church was decorated with never before seen frescoes depicting Jesus’ Ascension, the Final Judgement, Jesus feeding the multitudes, and portraits of saints and prophets.The discovery, made during excavations and cleaning operations in an underground city recently uncovered as part of an urban project in Nevsehir, is located within a castle that might date back to the fifth century. Authorities expect it will make Cappadocia an even more important pilgrimage center for Orthodox Christians. Semih İstanbulluoğlu, the archaeologist who heads the works for...
  • New details emerge in massive ancient underground city discovery in Cappadocia

    01/03/2015 11:01:05 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 10 replies
    Hurriyet ^ | December 30, 2014 | Erdinc Celikkan
    New details have been revealed about the massive ancient underground city discovered in Turkey's Central Anatolian province of Nevsehir. The tunnels of the underground city are located under a conical-shaped hill and are wide enough for a car to pass through. Ozcan Cakir, associate professor at the Geophysics Engineering department of the 18 March University and involved in the excavations of the underground city, said they believe the tunnels were used to carry agricultural products. "We believe that people, who were engaged in agriculture, were using the tunnels to carry agricultural products to the city. We also estimate that one...
  • Ancient clay tablet has revealed locations of 11 'lost cities' from 4,000 years ago

    11/22/2017 12:16:14 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 60 replies ^ | Wednesday, November 15, 2017 | Rob Waugh
    Baked clay tablets from ancient Assyria, dating back as much as 4,000 years, could reveal the locations of 11 'lost cities' in modern-day Turkey. Harvard researchers analysed tablets found in the ancient city of Kanesh, the 12,000 cuneiform trade records include business transactions, accounts, seals and contracts. The researchers used mathematical models based on the price of goods and how frequently goods travelled between trade hubs to track down the locations of the ancient cities. Researchers reconstructed an economic network of trade goods such as wool, wine and precious metals across the Anatolian plateau in the 19th Century BC. The...
  • Turkey and The Old Testament...Turkey's significance pt 1

    08/26/2016 5:03:15 PM PDT · by pastorbillrandles · 10 replies
    Billrandles.wordpress ^ | 08-23-16 | Bill Randles
    I have come to the conclusion that the earnest Bible believer would do well to incorporate a new discipline to his study of the Word of God; Biblical Geography. My study of end times prophecy has drawn me into this aspect of Bible prophecy, particularly in my work on the book “A Sword On The Land;The Muslim World in Bible Prophecy”. Reading the Sacred text with a map and realizing the updated names of commonly cited places and peoples such as Moab,Ammon, Persia, Edom, Kedar and Dedan *has revolutionized my understanding of the stunning relevance of familiar prophecies throughout the...
  • The Hittite capital hosts ambassadors

    07/11/2016 11:47:26 PM PDT · by Cronos · 4 replies
    Hurriyet Daily News ^ | 12 July 2016 | HDN
    The archaeological site of Hattusha, the capital of the Hittite civilization which entered the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986, was visited by a number of ambassadors in Turkey over the weekend as part of its two-day 30th anniversary celebrations organized by the governor’s office in the Central Anatolian province Çorum. The ancient site is notable for its cuneiform inscriptions, one of the most important discoveries at the site, consisting of official correspondence and contracts, as well as legal codes, procedures for cult ceremonies, oracular prophecies and literature of the ancient Near East. The cuneiforms entered the UNESCO Memory...
  • In Search of the Real Troy

    02/20/2005 2:33:23 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies · 1,322+ views
    Saudi Aramco World ^ | January/February 2005 Volume 56, Number 1 | Graham Chandler, Photographed by Ergun Cagata
    It was then that Swiss scholar Emil Forrer deciphered newly discovered writings from the Hittite Empire to the east, finding two place-names—Wilusa and Taruisa—that sounded convincingly like the Hittite way of writing "Wilios" (the Greek name for the site was "Ilion") and "Troia" (Troy). He also found a treaty, from the early 13th century BC, between the Hittite king Muwatalli and a king of "Wilusa" named Alaksandu. The king’s name, Forrer added, recalls the name of the Trojan prince Alexander—called Paris in Homer’s Iliad. Critics pooh-poohed, conceding that a place named Wilusa may have existed, but where was it on...
  • Early Written Signs

    02/14/2016 9:12:52 AM PST · by Jandy on Genesis · 5 replies
    Just Genesis ^ | February 13, 2016 | Alice C. Linsley
    George and I have had several meaningful conversations via email. This one might be of interest to other readers and George gave me permission to reproduce the conversation. George: I want to thank you for your blogs. I read them all the time and they have been a BIG help! I've been trying to sell others on the fact that the Hebrew lettering system goes back further than the 4th century millennium BC thanks to your findings of the Ainu/Annu culture and their lettering system in their later homeland of Japan - but with no success. I definitely believe your...
  • Phaistos Disk: Greek or Luwian?

    06/25/2009 3:16:34 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 14 replies · 592+ views
    Examiner ^ | Wednesday, June 24, 2009 | Diana Gainer
    Since this disk was found in Crete, and the people of Crete today speak Greek, that's a good language to assume was spoken by the maker of the disk. Still, that's a guess, or a hypothesis, not a fact. Besides that, we know that not everybody on Crete spoke Greek in the Bronze Age. The classical Greeks mentioned people they called Eteocretans who did not speak Greek. Further, we know that Linear A, written by the Minoans on Crete before the Mycenean Greeks came, did not represent Greek. Professor Hubert LaMarle considers it to be an early Indo-Iranian language, related...