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Keyword: andes

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  • Multi-disciplinary study provides evidence of forced migration by pre-colonial Incas

    07/16/2020 9:28:08 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 5 replies
    Phys.org ^ | July 14, 2020 | Bob Yirka
    Prior research has suggested that during the Late Horizon, a period of Inca history, the Inca rounded up people living outside of the Inca Empire and forced them to relocate to places inside the empire as a means of bolstering the population and thus the economy. Unfortunately, to date, evidence for such forced migrations has been scant. In this new effort, the researchers conducted a thorough investigation of the remains of six people buried in a cemetery in what was once a part of the Inca empire during the Late Horizon -- they suspected that all six were people who...
  • Ancient Andean Genes Reveal DNA Continuity Amid Cultural Clashes

    05/08/2020 8:47:59 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 7 replies
    Led by researchers at Harvard Medical School and the University of California, Santa Cruz, the team analyzed genome-wide data from 89 individuals who lived between 500 and 9,000 years ago. Of these, 64 genomes, ranging from 500 to 4,500 years old, were newly sequenced - more than doubling the number of ancient individuals with genome-wide data from South America. The analysis included representatives of iconic Andean civilizations from whom no genome-wide data had been reported before, including the Moche, Nasca, Wari, Tiwanaku and Inca. The central Andes, surrounding present-day Peru, is one of the few places in the world where...
  • Ancient teeth from Peru hint now-extinct monkeys crossed Atlantic from Africa

    04/11/2020 7:13:42 AM PDT · by zeestephen · 49 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 09 April 2020
    Four fossilized monkey teeth discovered deep in the Peruvian Amazon provide new evidence that more than one group of ancient primates journeyed across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa. The teeth are from a newly discovered species belonging to an extinct family of African primates known as parapithecids. Fossils discovered at the same site in Peru had earlier offered the first proof that South American monkeys evolved from African primates.
  • Amazon fires intensify Andes glacier melt

    11/29/2019 11:32:43 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    bbc ^ | 11/28/2019 | victoria gill
    The study focused on one specific glacier - Zongo Glacier in Bolivia. Dr de Magalhães Neto said: "Once deposited on the glacier, the [black carbon darkens] the snow/ice surface, which reduces its ability to reflect solar radiation - or sunlight." That darkened surface then absorbs more of the sun's energy, which amplifies melting. While the findings were significant, the researchers said they did not come as a huge surprise: the same process has been seen elsewhere in the world. "Greenland receives large amounts of black carbon from fossil-fuel origin due to North America and European industrialisation," said Dr de Magalhães...
  • Dawn Of American Religion Found (2,250 BC)

    04/14/2003 4:53:48 PM PDT · by blam · 19 replies · 991+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 4-15-2003 | Roger Highfield
    Dawn of American religion found By Roger Highfield, Science Editor (Filed: 15/04/2003) The oldest image of a deity in the Americas has been discovered by archaeologists - pushing back the origin of religion there by 1,000 years. A 4,000-year-old gourd fragment bearing an image of the Staff God A 4,250-year-old gourd fragment found in a looted cemetery on the Peruvian coast, 120 miles north of Lima, bears an archaic image of the Staff God, which was the principal deity in the region for millennia. "Like the cross, the Staff God is a clearly recognisable religious icon," said Jonathan Haas, of...
  • The first global city: High in the Andes, Potosí supplied the world with silver [tr]

    08/01/2019 7:03:23 AM PDT · by C19fan · 7 replies
    Aeon ^ | July 30, 2019 | Adam W
    In 1678, a Chaldean priest from Baghdad reached the Imperial Villa of Potosí, the world’s richest silver-mining camp and at the time the world’s highest city at more than 4,000 metres (13,100 feet) above sea level. A regional capital in the heart of the Bolivian Andes, Potosí remains – more than three and a half centuries later – a mining city today. Its baroque church towers stand watch as ore trucks rumble into town, hauling zinc and lead ores for export to Asia. Elias al-Mûsili – or Don Elias of Mosul, as he was known – arrived in 17th-century Potosí...
  • Al-Aqsa Mosque Address: We Will Lay Siege To Rome, Turn White House Black,

    06/13/2019 7:11:11 PM PDT · by Impala64ssa · 49 replies
    Geller Report ^ | 6/13/19 | Pamela Geller
    Impose Jizya Tax On London, Pray On The Slopes of The Rockies And Andes Palestinian Sheikh Abu Hanifa Awda said in an address at the Al-Aqsa Mosque that was uploaded to the internet on June 2, 2019, that Jerusalem is the “heartland” where the banners of the Caliphate will flutter, where military convoys and brigades will assemble, and where policies will be designed in order to herald the “dawn of justice” and the birth of the Islamic Caliphate. Sheikh Awda said that the “army of Islam” will set forth from Jerusalem to conquer to world and that it will have...
  • Magnitude-8 earthquake strikes Amazon jungle in Peru

    05/26/2019 7:00:20 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 45 replies
    Los Angeles Times ^ | 05/25/2019
    A large earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 8.0 struck the Amazon jungle in north-central Peru early Sunday, the U.S. Geological survey reported, collapsing buildings and knocking out power to some areas. The quake struck at 12:41 a.m. PDT, 47 miles southeast of the village of Lagunas and 57 miles east of the larger town of Yurimaguas. The epicenter was 68 miles below the surface. In a tweet, President Martín Vizcarra called for calm and said that authorities were checking the affected areas. The mayor of Lagunas, Arri Pezo, told local radio station RPP that the quake was felt very...
  • Scientists Find 1,000-Year-Old Shaman’s Bag in Bolivia

    05/20/2019 5:07:13 AM PDT · by vannrox · 23 replies
    Sci-News ^ | 7MAY19 | Editorial staff
    An international team of anthropologists and bioarchaeologists has found the primary ingredients of ayahuasca — a plant-based drink that is reported to induce hallucinations and altered consciousness — in a 1,000-year-old leather bundle from a rock shelter in the Bolivian Andes.
  • Ayahuasca fixings found in 1,000-year-old bundle in the Andes

    05/06/2019 11:23:24 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    EurekAlert! ^ | Monday, May 6, 2019 | University of California - Berkeley
    Today's hipster creatives and entrepreneurs are hardly the first generation to partake of ayahuasca, according to archaeologists who have discovered traces of the powerfully hallucinogenic potion in a 1,000-year-old leather bundle buried in a cave in the Bolivian Andes. Led by University of California, Berkeley, archaeologist Melanie Miller, a chemical analysis of a pouch made from three fox snouts sewn together tested positive for at least five plant-based psychoactive substances. They included dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and harmine, key active compounds in ayahuasca, a mind-blowing brew commonly associated with the Amazon jungle... Miller's analysis of a scraping from the fox-snout pouch and...
  • Massive 1994 Bolivian earthquake reveals mountains 660 kilometers below our feet

    02/18/2019 1:39:57 AM PST · by LibWhacker · 16 replies
    Princeton ^ | 2/14/19 | Liz Fuller-Wright
    Massive 1994 Bolivian earthquake reveals mountains 660 kilometers below our feet Liz Fuller-Wright, Office of Communications Feb. 14, 2019 2 p.m. Most schoolchildren learn that the Earth has three (or four) layers: a crust, mantle and core, which is sometimes subdivided into an inner and outer core. That’s not wrong, but it does leave out several other layers that scientists have identified within the Earth, including the transition zone within the mantle. Princeton seismologist Jessica Irving worked with then-graduate student Wenbo Wu and another collaborator to determine the roughness at the top and bottom of the transition zone, a layer within...
  • Earthquake struck Machu Picchu in 1450 study concludes

    12/25/2018 11:59:35 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 8 replies
    Peruvian Times ^ | December 13, 2018 | Andean Air Mail and Peruvian Times
    Construction of Machu Picchu was interrupted around 1450 by a powerful earthquake, leaving damage still evident today and prompting the Inca to perfect the seismic-resistant megalithic architecture that is now so famous throughout Cusco, according to a major new scientific study revealed by Peru’s state-run news agency Andina... The Cusco-Pata Research Project determined that a temblor of at least magnitude 6.5 struck during the reign of the 9th Inca Pachacutec while he was building his now iconic summer estate atop the saddle-ridge between two craggy mountain peaks. As a result, the Inca moved away from using smaller stones, assembled in...
  • Potatoes Were Not Just A Symbol Of The Elite In Ancient Peru, Archaeologists Find

    11/07/2018 8:56:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 25 replies
    Forbes ^ | November 2, 2018 | Kristina Killgrove
    We may think of potatoes as the most basic of foods, given their modern ubiquity and low cost, but in the Moche culture in ancient Peru, archaeologists had assumed they were highly charged symbols of the elite because they were found only in artifacts. New research, however, has shown that our understanding of New World potato consumption is biased by the fact the starchy vegetable is nearly always consumed in its entirety. In a forthcoming article in the Journal of Archaeological Science, researchers Guy Duke of the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley and Victor Vásquez-Sanchez and Teresa Rosales-Tham of...
  • Peruvian archeologists discover pre-Columbian statues

    10/27/2018 4:45:01 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 20 replies
    Vietnam News (go figure) ^ | Update: October, 23/2018 | AFP
    Archeologists in Peru have found 20 800-year-old wooden statues in the largest pre-Columbian site in the Americas, Culture Minister, Patricia Balbuena and researchers revealed on Monday. The statues, all but one of which were in a good condition, were found in the Chan Chan archeological site: a city that was once the capital of the Chimu Kingdom and pre-dated the Inca Empire. Located close to the north Peruvian modern city of Trujillo, Can Chan was comprised of 10 citadels, or walled palaces, in its six kilometer squared centre of a wider city that measured 20 square kilometres. Each statue measures...
  • Truck buried under an avalanche in Peru

    A rockslide in the Andes mountains of Peru swept away a truck like its a toy. Thankfully no one was injured in the slide.
  • Robots Reveal Possible 3,000-Year-Old Human Sacrifices in Peru

    08/27/2018 1:25:09 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 29 replies
    Latin American Herald-Tribune ^ | August 2018 | unattributed
    The use of high technology in the form of small, all-terrain robots has made it possible to shed light on possible human sacrifices as much as 3,000 years old in the temple of Chavin de Huantar in Peru, the first major religious and pilgrimage center in South American history. The Chavin Rovers, as the robots are called... edged through the narrow channels that lead to the galleries of the complex, many of which remain hidden to this day, and came upon the most important discovery on this site in the last 50 years. These robotic four-wheel-drive vehicles, guided by remote...
  • Inca success in Peruvian Andes 'thanks to llama dung'

    05/22/2011 4:51:51 PM PDT · by decimon · 36 replies
    BBC ^ | May 21, 2011 | Caroline Anning
    One of the world's greatest ancient civilisations may have been built on llama droppings, a new study has found.Machu Picchu, the famous Inca city set in the Peruvian Andes, celebrates the centenary of its "'discovery" by the outside world this July. Dignitaries will descend on site for a glitzy event in July marking 100 years since US explorer Hiram Bingham came upon the site, but the origins of Machu Picchu were far less glamorous. According to a study published in archaeological review Antiquity, llama droppings provided the basis for the growth of Inca society. It was the switch from hunter-gathering...
  • Archaeologists find new mass child sacrifice site in Peru

    06/09/2018 4:48:27 PM PDT · by BBell · 42 replies
    A group of archaeologists has discovered the remains of more than 50 children who were ritually sacrificed by the pre-Columbian Chimu culture on the northern coast of what is now Peru. The site is located a close to another where evidence of the biggest-ever sacrifice of children was found, with more than 140 youngsters were slain. But the most recent discovery may be even bigger. “So far we have found the remains of 56 children who were sacrificed by the Chimu culture,” archaeologist Gabriel Prieto told AFP. “At this new site, we can easily double the number of remains we...
  • Archaeologists discover new geoglyphs near Nazca Lines in Peru

    05/29/2018 3:56:50 AM PDT · by BBell · 25 replies
    PALPA, Peru, May 28 (Reuters) - Archaeologists using drones have discovered more than 25 geoglyphs etched into a swath of coastal desert in southern Peru near the Nazca Lines, a culture ministry official said Monday. Most of the newly found geoglyphs, which include figures of a killer whale and a woman dancing, appear to have been made by the Paracas culture more than 2,000 years ago, hundreds of years before the Nazca people created similar giant drawings nearby, said Johny Isla, an archaeologist who heads the culture ministry's conservation efforts in the region. An additional 25 geoglyphs that had previously...
  • Mystery of the Nazca Lines deepens: Gales and sandstorms reveal geoglyphs of a 'snake and llama' ...

    08/06/2014 8:20:17 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 32 replies
    dailymail.co.uk ^ | 19:51 EST, 4 August 2014 | Victoria Woollaston
    The mysteries of the Nazca Lines carved into the Peruvian desert have intensified after gales and sandstorms revealed previously unseen ancient designs. A pilot discovered a geoglyph of what appears to be a 196ft-long (60 metre) snake, as well as a type of camelid - such as a llama - above an unidentified bird. These new lines join existing geoglyphs of a dog, hummingbird, condor and a monkey, thought to have been drawn by the ancient Nazca people between the first and sixth centuries The discovery was made by pilot Eduardo Herrán Gómez de la Torre as he flew over...