Keyword: asd

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  • Autism signs 'present in first months' of life

    11/07/2013 8:23:53 AM PST · by Seizethecarp · 57 replies
    BBC ^ | November 6, 2013 | Helen Briggs
    Autism can be identified in babies as young as two months, early research suggests. US researchers analysed how infants looked at faces from birth to the age of three. They found children later diagnosed with autism had shown diminished eye contact - a hallmark of autism - in the first few months of life. The findings, reported in Nature, raised hope for early interventions to tackle autism, said a UK expert. In the study, researchers led by Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta used eye-tracking technology to measure the way babies looked at and responded to social clues. They...
  • Mom's Antibodies May Cause Some Autism

    07/13/2013 2:50:19 AM PDT · by neverdem · 17 replies
    ScienceNOW ^ | 10 July 2013 | Emily Underwood
    Enlarge Image Monkey business. Young rhesus monkeys that receive human antibrain antibodies in utero act oddly in social situations. Credit: Nancy Collins/Creative Commons "Antibrain" antibodies that slip through the placenta from mother to fetus during pregnancy may account for roughly a quarter of autism cases, a new study suggests. Some scientists say the work could lead to a blood test that accurately predicts whether a mother will bear a child with this immune-triggered form of the disorder‚ÄĒa claim that's raising eyebrows among skeptics. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a range of communication and social deficits estimated to affect 1 in...
  • Epigenetic changes shed light on biological mechanism of autism

    04/28/2013 3:23:25 PM PDT · by neverdem · 7 replies
    Biology News Net ^ | April 23, 2013 | NA
    Scientists from King's College London have identified patterns of epigenetic changes involved in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by studying genetically identical twins who differ in autism traits. The study, published in Molecular Psychiatry, is the largest of its kind and may shed light on the biological mechanism by which environmental influences regulate the activity of certain genes and in turn contribute to the development of ASD and related behaviour traits. ASD affects approximately 1 in 100 people in the UK and involves a spectrum of disorders which manifest themselves differently in different people. People with ASD have varying levels of...
  • Perspective: Brain scans need a rethink

    11/05/2012 7:51:16 PM PST · by neverdem · 9 replies
    NATURE ^ | 31 October 2012 | Ben Deen & Kevin Pelphrey
    One of the most popular and widely accepted theories on the cause of autism spectrum disorders attributes the condition to disrupted connectivity between different regions of the brain. This 'connectivity hypothesis' claims that the social and cognitive abnormalities in people with autism can be explained by a dearth of connections between distant regions of the brain1. Some flavours of this theory also predict more connections between nearby brain regions. Recent studies, however, have found that when a person moves their head while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) |[mdash]| a method that maps how different neuroanatomical structures of the brain...
  • Vaccines And Autism: The Secret That You Are Not Supposed To Know

    06/24/2012 1:15:35 AM PDT · by yank in the UK · 167 replies
    End of the American dream ^ | 21st June 2012 | N/A
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the number of children in the United States with autism has risen by 78 percent over the past decade.† It is now estimated that 1 out of every 88 children in the United States has some form of autism disorder.†
  • Can the iPad Unlock Autismís Mysteries?

    06/18/2011 9:43:15 AM PDT · by Kaslin · 16 replies
    Pajamas Media ^ | June 18, 2011 | Brandi Miloy
    One family's surprising experience leads to an innovative initiative.Gage Gilbert is a bright, 3 1/2-year-old boy with ocean blue eyes and golden blond hair. He loves reading books about science and enjoys singing songs with his Mom. His teacher says he’ll go to Harvard one day.But right now, his parents’ biggest wish for him is to go to a regular kindergarten class. That’s because a year and a half ago, Gage was diagnosed with autism, a neurological disorder affecting 1 in 100 American children.Gage is just one among a growing number of autistic kids. But as parents and researchers pursue...
  • Autism linked to hundreds of spontaneous genetic mutations

    06/09/2011 9:15:06 PM PDT · by neverdem · 37 replies
    Nature News ^ | 9 June 2011 | Heidi Ledford
    Analysis suggests that girls are partially shielded from effects of the changes. The most comprehensive search yet for spontaneous genetic mutations associated with autism spectrum disorders suggests that hundreds of regions in the genome may have a hand in causing such conditions. Analyses reported in three papers published this week in Neuron1,2,3 dramatically expand the list of known genetic culprits. Two of the studies also shed light on a long-standing mystery: why are boys four times more likely to have autism than girls1,2? The researchers found that girls with autism tend to have many more mutated genes than boys with...
  • Disorder Out of Chaos (The American Psychiatric Association wants to drop Aspergerís syndrome.)

    02/13/2010 4:28:39 PM PST · by neverdem · 52 replies · 1,499+ views
    NY Times ^ | February 10, 2010 | ROY RICHARD GRINKER
    IF you ask my daughter, Isabel, what autism means to her, she wonít say that it is a condition marked by impaired social communication and repetitive behaviors. She will say that her autism makes her a good artist, helps her to relate to animals and gives her perfect pitch. The stigma of autism is fading fast. One reason is that we now understand that autism is a spectrum with an enormous range. Some people with autism are nonverbal with profound cognitive disabilities, while others are accomplished professionals. Many people with milder symptoms of autism have, for the past 20 years...
  • Childhood: New Research on Autism and Mercury

    10/28/2009 12:17:23 AM PDT · by neverdem · 14 replies · 891+ views
    NY Times ^ | October 26, 2009 | RONI CARYN RABIN
    Many parents worry about a possible link between autism and mercury exposure. But most research dismisses those fears as groundless, and a new study says autistic children actually have lower blood levels of mercury than children who are developing normally. Mercury levels were closely related to fish intake, the study found, and children with autism and related disorders tend to be picky eaters who avoid fish. After researchers adjusted for the lower fish consumption of autistic children, they found no differences between their mercury levels and those in other children. Irva Hertz-Picciotto, a professor of public health sciences at the...
  • Autism may include aptitude for analogy

    10/01/2009 1:37:05 AM PDT · by neverdem · 7 replies · 624+ views
    Science News ^ | September 25th, 2009 | Bruce Bower
    Contrary to what had been thought, young people with autism recognize and compare relationships among objects in scenes Children with autism have difficulty forming social relationships. But they discern relationships among objects in visual scenes surprisingly well, indicating a fundamental grasp of analogical reasoning, according to a new study. Youngsters diagnosed with autism, or autistic disorder, reason about the relations between objects and people on a par with kids free of any developmental problems, psychology graduate student Kinga Morsanyi of the University of Plymouth, England, and psychologist Keith Holyoak of the University of California, Los Angeles report in an upcoming...
  • Screen All Kids for Autism Ö and Get Paid for It

    07/01/2009 11:35:40 PM PDT · by neverdem · 3 replies · 713+ views
    Family Practice News ^ | 15 June 2009 | BRUCE JANCIN
    COLORADO SPRINGS ¬ó Pressure is mounting to routinely screen all children for autism early because evidence increasingly demonstrates that intervention before age 3 years results in far better outcomes, Dr. Ann Reynolds said at the annual conference of the Colorado Academy of Family Physicians. ¬ďIt's so important to get those services going. Children with autism who begin treatment before age 3 have a much better chance of having functional language,¬Ē explained Dr. Reynolds, a pediatrician at the University of Colorado and director of the child development unit at the Children's Hospital, Denver. American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines recommend an autism-specific...
  • Autism, Non-Hollywood Version - Karl Greenfeldís painful, eloquent memoir lays bare the...

    06/30/2009 8:29:06 PM PDT · by neverdem · 5 replies · 658+ views
    City Journal ^ | 26 June 2009 | Stefan Kanfer
    Karl Greenfeldís painful, eloquent memoir lays bare the diseaseís toll.Boy Alone: A Brotherís Memoir, by Karl Greenfeld (Harper, 368 pp., $25.99) In the 1988 film Rain Man, Dustin Hoffman plays an autistic adult named Raymond Babbitt, a role for which he received an Academy Award. Hoffmanís performance has another distinction: 21 years later, it remains the phoniest portrayal of autism ever put on screen. Those who suffer from that affliction, unlike Raymond, arenít all cuteness and intuition. Their rages donít last three picturesque minutes; they can go on for days. In infancy, those stricken most severely retreat into themselves, never...
  • Risk of Autism Tied to Genes that Influence Brain Cell Connections

    04/29/2009 2:43:43 PM PDT · by neverdem · 7 replies · 536+ views
    NIH NEWS ^ | April 28, 2009 | NA
    In three studies, including the most comprehensive study of autism genetics to date, investigators funded in part by the National Institutes of Health have identified common and rare genetic factors that affect the risk of autism spectrum disorders. The results point to the importance of genes that are involved in forming and maintaining the connections between brain cells. "These findings establish that genetic factors play a strong role in autism spectrum disorder," says Acting NIH Director Raynard Kington, M.D., Ph.D. "Detailed analysis of the genes and how they affect brain development is likely to yield better strategies for diagnosing and...
  • Nature-Nurture Gene Link Sheds New Light On Autism

    07/20/2008 9:27:45 AM PDT · by Soliton · 6 replies · 105+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 7/20/2008
    Neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory found that a previously unsuspected set of genes links nature and nurture during a crucial period of brain development. The results, reported in the July 8 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), could lead to treatments for autism and other disorders thought to be tied to brain changes that occur when the developing brain is very susceptible to inputs from the outside world. Nature--in the form of genes--and nurture--in the form of environmental influences--are fundamentally intertwined during this period. "Our work points to how a disorder...
  • Thomas Sowell: Real Autism (NOT LATE-TALKING CHILDREN!)

    07/17/2008 8:35:57 AM PDT · by neverdem · 53 replies · 3,303+ views
    National Review Online ^ | July 16, 2008 | Thomas Sowell
    July 16, 2008, 0:00 a.m. Real AutismParents need to be spared the emotional trauma of false diagnoses and children need to be spared stressful treatments that follow false diagnoses. By Thomas Sowell ‚ÄėNew Ways to Diagnose Autism Earlier‚ÄĚ read a recent headline in the Wall Street Journal. There is no question that you can diagnose anything as early as you want. The real question is whether the diagnosis will turn out to be correct. My own awareness of how easy it is to make false diagnoses of autism grew out of experiences with a group of parents of late-talking...
  • Autism Cause: Brain Development Genes?

    07/10/2008 5:17:01 PM PDT · by neverdem · 14 replies · 234+ views
    WebMD ^ | July 10, 2008 | Daniel J. DeNoon
    Genes Missing in Autism Needed for Learning-Triggered Brain Growth Surprising findings from a gene study have set the world of autism research spinning on a new axis. The new study shows that many of the different genes linked to autism -- and many of the new autism genes discovered in the course of the study -- are part of a network that allows a child's brain to build new connections in response to experience. The good news is that a surprisingly large number of these mutant genes affect the on/off switches that control experience-triggered brain development. That's much better than...
  • Inoculated Against Facts (vaccines and autism and autism/autistic spectrum disorders)

    03/31/2008 12:11:06 AM PDT · by neverdem · 16 replies · 759+ views
    NY Times ^ | March 31, 2008 | PAUL A. OFFIT
    ON March 6, Terry and Jon Poling stood outside a federal courthouse in Atlanta, Ga., with their 9-year-old daughter Hannah and announced that the federal government had admitted that vaccines had contributed to her autism. The news was shocking. Health officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and at the American Academy of Pediatrics have steadfastly assured the public that vaccines do not cause autism. Now, in a special vaccine claims court, the federal government appeared to have said exactly the opposite. What happened? The answer is wrapped up in the nature of the unusual court where the...
  • Autism's Parent Trap

    06/05/2006 11:52:42 PM PDT · by neverdem · 38 replies · 1,129+ views
    NY Times ^ | June 5, 2006 | CAMMIE McGOVERN
    IN recent weeks, three stories have hit the news with grimly similar plotlines: parents accused of killing their autistic children. On April 12, in Hull, England, Alison Davies and her 12-year-old son, Ryan, fell to their deaths from a bridge over the River Humber, in an apparent murder-suicide. (A note was found in Ms. Davies's kitchen.) On May 14, in Albany, Ore., Christopher DeGroot, 19, was trapped inside a burning apartment. He died in a Portland hospital five days later, and his parents are charged with murder, accused of locking their son in the apartment alone. And on the same...
  • Upton kicks off re-election campaign (RINO's got a primary fight!!!)

    03/26/2002 1:28:31 PM PST · by Dan from Michigan · 2 replies · 284+ views
    Mlive/AP ^ | 3-26
    Upton kicks off re-election campaign The Associated Press 3/26/02 3:53 PM KALAMAZOO, Mich. (AP) -- At the first of six scheduled stops Tuesday to officially kick off his re-election campaign, U.S. Rep. Fred Upton told supporters that he is the same man he was when first elected. During the rally at Kalamazoo-Battle Creek International Airport, the Republican from St. Joseph also told about 100 backers that he still wants less government and a strong defense. "We recognize the challenges that face our nation today, both at home and abroad," Upton said. "And we agree that the only way to address...