Keyword: autonomy

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  • Driverless cars set to be tested in four English cities

    12/04/2014 7:51:22 AM PST · by 2ndDivisionVet · 14 replies
    BBC News Technology Blog ^ | December 3, 2014
    Milton Keynes is set to begin tests of the Lutz self-driving pods next year.The four English locations picked to test driverless cars have been named.Greenwich, in south-east London, and Bristol will each host a project of their own, while Coventry and Milton Keynes will share a third. The decision was announced by the quango Innovate UK, after George Osborne's Autumn Statement. The chancellor also announced an additional Ł9m in funding for the work, adding to the Ł10m that had been announced in July. The businesses involved will add further funds. Bristol will host the Venturer consortium, which aims to investigate...
  • False Freedom...pt 3

    05/18/2014 7:02:54 AM PDT · by pastorbillrandles · 1 replies
    “While promising them liberty , they themselves are the slaves of corruption, for by what a man is overcome, by that is he brought into bondage” 2 Peter 2“Workers of the world unite! You have nothing to lose but your shackles!” Karl Marx“All the world over, so easy to see, that people everywhere just want to be free…”(The Young Rascals)We live in an age of revolution. Everywhere on this planet people have been “breaking off the shackles” in one “liberation movement” after another in the quest for that elusive goal, which is freedom. The American revolution was followed by the...
  • PM Orban calls for autonomy for ethnic Hungarians beyond borders (including in Ukraine)

    05/13/2014 3:57:30 AM PDT · by Freelance Warrior · 13 replies
    Reuters ^ | May 10, 2014 | Krisztina Than
    Hungary [...] wants autonomy for ethnic Hungarians living beyond its borders in central Europe, including Ukraine, Prime Minister Viktor Orban said on Saturday. [...] "We regard the Hungarian issue a European issue," Orban said in his first speech to parliament since his reelection. "Hungarians living in the Carpathian basin are entitled to have dual citizenship, are entitled to community rights, and also autonomy." [...] "This is our clear expectation from the new Ukraine which is taking shape now," Orban said, adding the new administration enjoyed Hungary's support in its efforts to build a democratic Ukraine. [...] He said Hungary was...
  • Venice votes to split from Italy as 89% of the city's residents opt to form a new independent state

    03/23/2014 4:45:39 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 72 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 03/23/2014 | By HANNAH ROBERTS IN ROME
    Venetians have voted overwhelmingly for their own sovereign state in a ‘referendum’ on independence from Italy. Inspired by Scotland’s separatist ambitions, 89 per cent of the residents of the lagoon city and its surrounding area, opted to break away from Italy in an unofficial ballot. The proposed ‘Repubblica Veneta’ would include the five million inhabitants of the Veneto region and could later expand to include parts of Lombardy, Trentino and Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The floating city has only been part of Italy for 150 years. The 1000 year–old democratic Serenissima Repubblica di Venezia, was quashed by Napoleon and was subsumed into...
  • Poland: The irreducible autonomy of Silesia

    03/31/2011 11:58:29 PM PDT · by bruinbirdman · 20 replies
    Hospodářské noviny Prague ^ | 3/31/2011 | Leoš Kyša
    Silesians. They have their own language, a long history and they live in one of the richest regions of Poland. Today their calls for autonomy are echoing louder and louder. When they enjoyed unexpected success in regional elections last autumn for the first time in twenty years, Warsaw woke up to a problem in its territories along the Czech border. Katowice (Poland) A march organised by Silesian autonomists At the congress of the Movement for Silesian Autonomy, in Katowice, a triumphal mood reigns. Delegates, some hundred and thirty of them who arrived in early March, some in traditional Silesian garb,...
  • Winter at the barricades [Primer on what is happening in Ukraine]

    02/19/2014 6:10:49 AM PST · by SoFloFreeper · 43 replies
    World Magazine ^ | 2/7/14 | Jill Nelson
    When Ukraine’s largely peaceful anti-government protests turned violent last November, President Viktor Yanukovych attempted to explain away the extreme response of riot police: He could not have protestors in the city center delaying setup for the Christmas tree and ice skating rink. Those comments became the focal point of jokes, but a new joke is going around: How long does it take a Ukrainian to change a light bulb? Two weeks. How long does it take him to build a barricade? Fifteen minutes. Kiev’s protests have escalated into a movement with military-style camps, barricades massive enough to keep out tanks,...
  • Ultra-Orthodox daily calls for Haredi ‘autonomous zone’

    04/11/2013 7:45:23 AM PDT · by Former Fetus · 2 replies
    The Times of Israel ^ | 4/11/2013 | STUART WINER
    An ultra-Orthodox daily newspaper proposed the establishment of an autonomous zone within Israel where the strictly religious community could thrive, immune to the influences of the secular state. As the Knesset works on legislation that could see most ultra-Orthodox men required to serve in the IDF or other national service frameworks, and planned budget cuts threaten the community’s already strained economy, Hamodia, the mouthpiece of the ultra-Orthodox Agudat Yisrael party, suggested self-rule was the best answer to unwanted secular intrusion. “Autonomy means independent administrative rule for internal matters without sovereign political status, with legal and financial independence and police, but...
  • Hewlett-Packard says it’s the victim of fictitious accounting at company it acquired

    11/20/2012 9:28:22 AM PST · by mojito · 41 replies
    WaPo ^ | 11/120/2012 | Unattributed
    Hewlett-Packard Co. said that a British company it bought for $9.7 billion last year lied about its finances, resulting in a massive write-down of the value of the business. CEO Meg Whitman avoided calling it a fraud, but said Tuesday that there were “serious accounting improprieties, disclosure failures and outright misrepresentations at Autonomy Corporation PLC.” HP is taking an $8.8 billion charge in its latest quarter largely to align the accounting value of Autonomy with its real value. The revelation is another blow for HP, which is struggling to reinvent itself as PC and printer sales shrink. Its shares hit...
  • Let Kids Find Their Own Path?

    08/17/2011 7:42:24 PM PDT · by stolinsky · 8 replies
    www.stolinsky.com ^ | 08-18-11 | stolinsky
      Let Kids Find Their Own Path? Removing the Guardrails From Their Road David C. Stolinsky Aug. 18, 2011 While paging through Facebook recently, I came across a 13-year-old girl who declared that she was married to her girlfriend, whom she named. She didn’t say she planned to marry her friend when they grow older, but that she already was married. When I mentioned this to friends, they merely shrugged and asked what the problem was. ● The problem is not the girl’s sexual orientation. That is her business and no one else’s. ● The problem is lack of...
  • Incest and the Degradation of Our Vocabulary

    01/06/2011 5:17:20 AM PST · by markomalley · 80 replies
    Witherspoon Institute ^ | 1/5/2011 | Matthew J. Franck
    What’s wrong with a prominent professor’s incestuous relationship with his daughter. The story of David Epstein, the Columbia University political scientist and Huffington Post blogger now facing criminal charges of incest, has launched a very interesting discussion. What is fascinating about it, and deeply disturbing, is the inability of some commentators to articulate what is morally wrong about the act of incest. It is almost equally disturbing that a legal argument for a “right” to engage in adult, consensual incest stands on surprisingly firm footing, thanks to precedents the United States Supreme Court has already established in other cases on...
  • Unrestrained Sex and the Celibate Witness

    08/14/2010 10:39:35 AM PDT · by markomalley · 59 replies · 1+ views
    Young, Evangelical, and Catholic ^ | 8/14/2010 | Brantly Millegan
    "As women, we have the right to make decisions regarding our bodies. These include decisions regarding the ability to control if and when we have children, regardless of whether we want several children or no children at all. Birth control is fundamental to our ability to have autonomy in our lives, and it helps us to understand our bodies and to enjoy our sexuality safely with men.” – Our Bodies, Ourselves 2005 The above quote captures the sentiment of many pro-contraceptive women, as well as men, non-Christian and Christian. The quote seems to make a good point. We do have...
  • Women 'Must Be Prepared to Kill' Unborn Children to Protect Autonomy: Times Writer

    07/06/2010 3:55:35 PM PDT · by wagglebee · 61 replies
    LifeSiteNews ^ | 5/6/10 | Kathleen Gilbert
    LONDON, U.K., July 6, 2010 (LifeSiteNews.com) - After contemplating the immense mysteries of human life and sacrificial love in comparison to a woman's "right to fertility control," a writer for the Times of London concludes that attempts by pro-aborts to dismiss the life of an unborn child are a "convenient lie" hiding the fact that, "Yes, abortion is killing.” “But,” she concludes, “it's the lesser evil."Columnist Antonia Senior in a June 30 column (available by subscription only) says that, despite the fact that the abortion debate hinges upon whether the unborn child is a unique life or not, women who...
  • False Freedom... pt 3 of true and false freedom

    07/06/2010 8:15:32 AM PDT · by pastorbillrandles · 1 replies · 2+ views
    http://billrandles.wordpress.com/ ^ | 07/05/10 | Bill Randles
    *False Freedom is rebellion against the very laws of our being… Remember that true freedom, is liberation to be what we were made by our Creator to be in the first place. False freedom is actually rebellion against the Creator, therefore it often manifests itself as rejection of the God ordained uses. Picture an astronaut making a spacewalk, and really having an existential experience in the process. There is no North ,South .East, or West not even Up or Down! No weight, no boundaries, nothing but pure freedom! Ah, but wait a second, not quite absolute freedom…for the astronaut is...
  • The Myth of the Tolerant God

    05/19/2009 6:26:24 PM PDT · by ReformationFan · 15 replies · 583+ views
    Virtue Online ^ | 5/14/09 | Dean Waldt
    If there is an absolute value in the relativistic world of post-modern Western culture, it is tolerance. Political correctness, medical ethics, and public policy are gauged by the polestar of tolerance. People say tolerance is an absolute virtue, which, in the realm of theology, must make it an attribute of God. Yes, God must be eternally and infinitely tolerant, because tolerance is an expression of love, and we all know the Bible tells us that God is love. Since everyone accepts that God is love, the thinking goes that God must be the most tolerant of all. Just look at...
  • Liberal without even Trying

    08/24/2008 7:41:23 AM PDT · by Bowtie52 · 2 replies · 194+ views
    8/22/08 | Bowtie 52 / rara.us
    Liberal without even Trying From the times of the Great Depression through the 1950’s, some people were known as those who were just “passing through” town. During that time, one could pass through a town anonymously. Those days are gone. With fingerprint, information, a certifiable form of identification, a social security number, a speck of DNA or a face recognition photograph authorities have the ability to know everything there is to know about an individual. That individual had better have their legal ducks in a row before passing anywhere. This is but a tiny fragment of an example of those...
  • Bolivia's Richest Province Votes For Autonomy

    05/05/2008 3:03:47 PM PDT · by blam · 9 replies · 144+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 5-5-2008 | Jeremy McDermott
    Bolivia's richest province votes for autonomy By Jeremy McDermott, Latin America Correspondent Last Updated: 4:55PM BST 05/05/2008 South America's poorest nation is threatened with partition after the country's richest province voted for autonomy, threatening the rule of President Evo Morales, the first indigenous Indian president and close ally of Hugo Chavez of Venezuela. Residents of Santa Cruz province celebrate the referendum result In the rich eastern province Santa Cruz, 86 per cent of voters opted for greater autonomy, with another three provinces preparing their own votes next month. Between them the four provinces account for 80 per cent of Bolivia's...
  • Bolivian state votes on autonomy measure (exit polls, as much as 85 percent support)

    05/04/2008 5:37:40 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 9 replies · 123+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 5/4/08 | Dan Keane - ap
    SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia - Bolivia's largest state voted amid scattered violence Sunday on a measure seeking greater political and economic autonomy from the government of leftist President Evo Morales, who called the vote unconstitutional. As polls closed Sunday, exit surveys showed the autonomy referendum drawing as much as 85 percent support, though they were conducted by local news media sympathetic to the cause. No margin of error was available. Minor clashes across Santa Cruz state injured at least 25 people during the politically charged vote, which sought to separate the state's freewheeling capitalism and mixed-blood heritage from Morales' vision of...
  • A Poem Fit for Our Times – ‘Me and My Friends’

    10/06/2007 11:11:59 PM PDT · by monomaniac · 3 replies · 263+ views
    Special to LifeSiteNews.com ^ | October 3, 2007 | Dr. John B. Shea
    A Poem Fit for Our Times – ‘Me and My Friends’ Special to LifeSiteNews.com by Dr. John B. Shea, October 3, 2007 'Me and My Friends' For me and my friends To follow the trends Is simply a matter of choice Autonomy rules That all but poor fools Speak loud and speak clear with one voice Some talk of abortion With warning and caution But science has shown very well That it's safe and its normal That it's healthy and moral And that it sends no one to hell Some say that to toke Or to drink or to smoke...
  • Euthanasia Video, Turning the Tide, Incredibly Well Received

    09/11/2007 4:10:59 AM PDT · by monomaniac · 1 replies · 289+ views
    LifeSiteNews.com ^ | September 10, 2007
    Euthanasia Video, Turning the Tide, Incredibly Well Received September 10, 2007 (LifeSiteNews.com) - Turning the Tide, the powerful DVD on euthanasia and assisted suicide, has been incredibly well received. The Euthanasia Prevention Coalition has sold more than 700 copies of Turning the Tide since its release in April and Turning the Tide has received positive reviews from people across Canada and the US. Turning the Tide is produced by the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition and Salt and Light media foundation. Turning the Tide was designed to change the way secular society perceives the issues of euthanasia and assisted suicide. Secular society views the...
  • Anti-Communism is alive and well (and 'beautiful') in BOLIVIA.

    06/29/2006 1:05:46 PM PDT · by LibFreeUSA · 12 replies · 717+ views
    Not every Bolivian likes to be under the thumb of Hugo Chavez’s minime, Evo Morales. Residents of the eastern province, Santa Cruz, which is full of industrious immigrants and enterprising native-indigenous Bolivians who’ve moved there, want instead to have autonomy. They hate communism and want freedom.
  • Uighurs to Declare War against Chinese Government (Uighur Jihad against China)

    09/30/2005 6:11:55 AM PDT · by TigerLikesRooster · 52 replies · 1,797+ views
    Daily China ^ | 09/30/05
    Uighurs to Declare War against Chinese Government (Uighur Jihad against China)/begin my translationUighurs to Declare War against Chinese Government09/30/05 The members of 'East Turkestan Liberation Organization(ETLO)' making the declaration via a video (from BBC) 'East Turkestan Liberation Organization(ETLO)', a radical Uighur organization, declared publicly war against Chinese government for the first time, via videotaped statements, BBC reported on Sept. 30th (in its Chinese edition.)According to BBC, 'East Turkestan Information Center' located in Munich, Germany, provided the link to the web site containing this video(made by Tianshan branch of ETLO), and apparently it was announced via overseas Wanwei free server, fhreactor.com.In...
  • IRAN: Oil wells sabotaged in Ahwazi Arab homeland

    09/03/2005 7:36:59 PM PDT · by humint · 5 replies · 498+ views
    British Ahwazi Friendship Society ^ | Saturday, September 03, 2005 | British Ahwazi Friendship Society
    Iranian authorities have admitted that a series of explosions at oil wells around the province of Khuzestan were an attempt to sabotage oil production. Khuzestan is the centre of the Ahwazi Arab homeland and produces around 80-90 per cent of the country's oil output, representing up to 10-12 per cent of OPEC's total output. Iran is the world's fourth biggest crude producer with output capacity of around 4.2 million barrels per day. It exports 2.5 million barrels of oil per day - the equivalent of a fifth of the US's net oil imports - most of which originate from Khuzestan....
  • Southern Russia to Get New Jewish Autonomy

    06/27/2005 10:50:59 PM PDT · by jb6 · 3 replies · 218+ views
    Federation of Jewish Communities ^ | Monday, June 20 2005
    ARMAVIR, Russia – This week, the Federal Registration Department for Krasnodarsk Region approved the mandate and code of a newly-formed Jewish National Cultural Autonomy, initiated by the Jewish community of Armavir to represent the greater interests of Jewish communities existing in the Kuban Region of Russia. In an initiative overseen by the Chief Rabbi of Krasnodar, Shneur Segal, this move was fully supported by the Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia, to which the Armavir Jewish community is a member. According to the Chairman of the Jewish community of Armavir, the main goal of this National Cultural Autonomy is to...
  • Tax Wars: Picking Each Others Pockets

    04/13/2005 2:12:08 PM PDT · by Ed Hudgins · 3 replies · 465+ views
    The Washington Times ^ | April 13, 2005 | Edward Hudgins
    Tax Wars Edward Hudgins ehudgins@objectivistcenter.org As we rush to meet the April 15 deadline to file our tax returns, many fail to realize those 1040 forms do more than just make us all personally poorer. The tax code is a principal instrument that creates and sustains the politicized, partisan, uncivil, contentious conflict society so many bemoan. Why can't we all just get along? Here's why. Taxes are meant to pay for the legitimate functions of government, and America's Founders were clear that those functions were to protect the lives, liberty and property of the citizens and otherwise to let us...
  • WOMEN IN MINISTRY: A BIBLICAL VISION

    12/27/2004 9:40:52 PM PST · by xzins · 280 replies · 2,316+ views
    The Wesley Theological Journal ^ | Spring 96 | Sharon Clark Pearson
    WOMEN IN MINISTRY: A BIBLICAL VISION by Sharon Clark Pearson Wesleyan theological tradition historically has held a “high view” of Scripture; that is a part of the ethos of our community. In a church tradi­tion (with its community) that claims the integrity and authority of Scrip­ture, questions of practice are taken seriously. The question of whether God ordains and blesses women in the practice of ministry (both in func­tion and in office) is crucial to women because their personal and rela­tional lives and their participation in the church have been defined and regulated by the interpretation of Scripture (as the...
  • PLEASE! STOP POSTING SAME MESSAGE ON ALL BOARDS!

    08/16/2002 7:39:49 AM PDT · by Merchant Seaman · 715 replies · 30,137+ views
    Annoyed Reader
    The purpose of FreeRepublic.com's multiple message boards is to limit the topics for each board to particular topics. Posting the same message on all the boards defeats the purpose of multiple-boards for special topics. It is very annoying to see the same message on every bulletin board. PLEASE! DO THE READERS A FAVOR. STOP CROSS-POSTING YOUR MESSAGES!
  • John Kerry against Our Sacred Liberties

    11/01/2004 8:32:02 PM PST · by G. Stolyarov II · 2 replies · 251+ views
    The Rational Argumentator ^ | October 27, 2004 | G. Stolyarov II
    I seldom use the words, “moral imperative,” and, when I do, they carry behind them an urgent necessity for rational individuals to respond to an imminent threat to the inalienable rights of man. In this Presidential election, however, I see a clear moral imperative to defeat the power grab of a man who would endanger the sacred liberties of every man dwelling in America, but especially of the most autonomous and industrious among us. I shall enumerate, in brief, a horrid threefold menace that a would-be Kerry administration poses to our freedoms across the board. - Kerry’s national health insurance...
  • Chinese Government Overtly Contacting US Congress to Influence Decisions of US Representatives

    03/14/2004 9:09:40 AM PST · by tallhappy · 19 replies · 576+ views
    Taipei Times, China Post, Wash Times ^ | 3-14-04 | Charles Snyder, Gertz, Scarborough
    This is a very important issue to know about and is a follow up of this post from the ends of 2003: Letter from Chinese Ambassador to all U.S. House of Representatives Members about Taiwan Below are three news articles on the subject, from China Post, Taipei Times and Washington Times. China Post March 14, 2004 HEADLINE: PRC TRIES TO INFLUENCE U.S. CONGRESS' STANCE ON TAIWAN China's embassy in Washington D.C. has sent an e-mail to U.S. Senate aides urging them to dissuade members of Congress from supporting Taiwan's upcoming referendum, according to a report in Friday's Washington Times newspaper....
  • A Palestinian house divided

    03/09/2004 9:53:19 AM PST · by walford · 2 replies · 262+ views
    Jane's Defence Weekly ^ | 05 March 2004 | Alon Ben-David
    Israeli and Palestinian security officials are expressing growing concern as the West Bank and the Gaza Strip descend into armed anarchy. Both sides are warning that Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's plan for unilateral withdrawal from Gaza will result in the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) taking over what is left of the Palestinian Authority (PA) in Gaza. After three-and-a-half years of conflict, in which the PA security organisations were severely damaged by Israel Defence Force (IDF) operations, armed gangs are taking control of the cities: gunfights between militants are waged daily, extortion and kidnapping are widespread and clan feuds are...
  • U.N. control of Web rejected

    12/08/2003 7:46:01 AM PST · by .cnI redruM · 26 replies · 164+ views
    THE WASHINGTON TIMES ^ | 8 Dec 03 | By John Zaracostas
    <p>GENEVA — The United States, backed by the European Union, Japan and Canada, has turned back a bid by developing nations to place the Internet under the control of the United Nations or its member governments.</p> <p>But governments, the private sector and others will be asked to establish a mechanism under U.N. auspices to study the governance of the Internet and make recommendations by 2005.</p>
  • Dalai Lama Eyes End to Exile Ahead of U.S. Tour

    09/05/2003 12:59:22 PM PDT · by Pan_Yans Wife · 8 replies · 212+ views
    The NY Times ^ | September 4, 2003 | Reuters
    The Dalai Lama is willing to return to Tibet if China allows him to go back to his homeland without preconditions, the exiled spiritual leader told the Guardian newspaper in an interview published on Friday. ``I'm hopeful to visit Tibet, to see my old place with my own eyes, and try to cool down the situation,'' he said. ``You ask under what circumstance? China should give me the green light without preconditions.'' The Dalai Lama fled Tibet for India in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule. He was speaking in Dharamsala, northern India, on the eve of a...
  • Put the "Independence" Back in Independence Day—The Forgotten Meaning of America

    07/04/2003 9:56:57 AM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 1 replies · 150+ views
    The Rational Argumentator ^ | July 4, 2003 | Dr. Michael Berliner
    America's cities and towns will soon fill with parades, fireworks, and barbecues. They will be celebrating the Fourth of July, the 227th birthday of America. But one hopes that—on this second post-September 11 Independence Day—the speeches will contain fewer bromides and more attention to exactly what is being celebrated. The Fourth of July is Independence Day, but America's leaders and intellectuals have been trying to move us further and further away from the meaning of Independence Day, away from the philosophy that created this country. What we hear from politicians, intellectuals, and the media is that independence is passé, that...
  • Illinois Tool Works: The Essence of Innovative Business

    05/16/2003 10:38:42 AM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 1 replies · 353+ views
    The Rational Argumentator ^ | May 16, 2003 | G. Stolyarov II
    Recently I have had the privilege of embarking upon a guided tour of one of Illinois Tool Works’ 600 mini-companies, a strap manufacturing plant near the company’s headquarters in Glenview, Illinois. Signode Strap, a product invented within a firm owned by ITW, is the most prevalent of its sort in the market. It is furnished of entirely recyclable materials (pop bottle remnants) into gargantuan plastic sheets that are conveyed through rollers at phenomenal temperatures of over 300 degrees Fahrenheit. I was able to observe the plastic rolled into colossal coils, then unwound again to be sliced into uniform strips, while...
  • ELECTRIC CARS COME OF AGE

    08/17/2002 10:21:43 AM PDT · by forest · 43 replies · 987+ views
    Fiedor Report On the News #283 ^ | 8-18-02 | Doug Fiedor
    Some folks think that because I drive a little 4WD vehicle I do not care about good transportation. That is not exactly true, of course. Within the past couple weeks, I have ridden in two greatly different styled electric vehicles. However, I was also in an older GTO and a Plymouth Roadrunner -- both muscle-cars with four on the floor and duel quads. Fact is, I grew up drag racing. Today, I am more interested in other things. For instance, a couple years ago I reported a little about my visit with a Jeep Commander all electric fuel cell vehicle.(1)...
  • India Ready To Discuss Kashmiri Autonomy

    07/15/2002 3:16:37 PM PDT · by blam · 1 replies · 162+ views
    Independent (UK) ^ | 7-16-2002 | Maseeh Rahman
    India ready to discuss Kashmiri autonomy By Maseeh Rahman in Delhi 16 July 2002 The first clear sign that Delhi is working on a new political gameplan for Kashmir came yesterday when the territory's chief minister announced that the Indian government had agreed to discuss autonomy. The move came two days after 27 Hindus were killed in a Kashmir shanty town by Islamic militants masquerading as holy men, in an attack that raised new fears of a war between India and Pakistan over the disputed territory. Until 1953, Kashmir enjoyed autonomy in all areas except for defence, finance and communications....