Yes they use An ad hominem argument which is a general category of fallacies in which a claim or argument is rejected on the basis of some irrelevant fact about the author of or the person presenting the claim or argument,
The idiom “red herring” is used to refer to something that misleads or distracts from the relevant or important issue.
As an informal fallacy, the red herring falls into a broad class of relevance fallacies. Unlike the strawman, which is premised on a distortion of the other party’s position,the red herring is a seemingly plausible, though ultimately irrelevant, diversionary tactic.
A straw man argument is a common type of argument and is an informal fallacy based on the misrepresentation of the original topic of argument. The so-called typical “attacking a straw man” implies an adversarial, polemic, or combative debate, and creates the illusion of having completely refuted or defeated an opponent’s proposition by covertly replacing it with a different proposition (i.e., “stand up a straw man”) and then to refute or defeat that false argument (”knock down a straw man”) instead of the original proposition.
Straw man arguments often arise in public debates such as a (hypothetical) prohibition debate:
A: We should relax the laws on beer.
B: No, any society with unrestricted access to intoxicants loses its work ethic and goes only for immediate gratification.
The proposal was to relax laws on beer. Person B has exaggerated this to a position harder to defend, i.e., “unrestricted access to intoxicants”. It is a logical fallacy because Person A never made that claim.
A: Sunny days are good.
B: If all days were sunny, we’d never have rain, and without rain, we’d have famine and death.
Common Example of Red Herring
Some examples of red herring fallacy in casual conversations are given below:
Mother: Its bedtime Jane
Jane: Mom, how do ants feed their babies?
Mother: Dont know dear. Close your eyes now.
Jane: But mama, do ant babies cry when hungry?
This conversation shows how a child tries to distract her mother so that she [Jane] could stay awake a little longer.
There is a lot of commotion regarding saving the environment. We cannot make this world an Eden. What will happen if it does become Eden? Adam and Eve got bored there!
The idea of Adam and Eve getting bored in Eden throws the listeners off the real issue of environment.