Even so, the regime does retain small numbers of advanced systems that are technically capable of taking out multiple simultaneous targets, including cruise missiles and highly maneuverable fighter aircraft. After Israel's unimpeded 2007 airstrike on the nuclear reactor at al-Kibar, Syria invested heavily in modern Russian systems to bolster its air-defense network. The focus was on upgrading the network's backbone, composed of Soviet-era SAMs from the 1950s and 1960s, including SA-2s, SA-5s, and SA-6s. Serious steps were also taken to upgrade the regime's SA-3s into a more mobile and digital system. In addition, Damascus acquired more sophisticated tactical SAMs, such as three batteries of the very capable SA-17 and three dozen of the close-range SA-22 systems that reportedly downed the Turkish jet in 2012.
So the answer is no, Syria never had anything advanced enough to counter a well planned, unexpected, peacetime attack of modern Israeli airplanes. Their SAMs were four decades old! It's miracle if they even were operational, if the maintenance could find the right vacuum tubes for them :-) Russia doesn't seem to have these anymore, except one SA-6 at a training facility and one at a base abroad.