Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • CBS World News Today – October 1, 1944

    10/01/2014 12:21:07 PM PDT · 4 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson to MeganC

    Sure thing. archive.org has 6 more World News Today broadcasts available for the rest of this year, so stay tuned. (So to speak.)

  • CBS World News Today – October 1, 1944

    10/01/2014 12:05:29 PM PDT · 2 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    The description of this broadcast from https://www.otrcat.com/world-news-today-radio-show2.html follows.

    “CBS London (Larry LeSueur): German troops occupying the French port of Calais surrendered to Canadian troops yesterday. [The surrender of Calais occurred on 9/30/44.] The surrender followed a 24-hour cease-fire to allow civilians to be evacuated. (Many of the German truck drivers who helped during the evacuation did not choose to return to Calais.) 15,000 German troops are trapped at Dunkirk, the last German strong point along the northern coast of France. American tanks are being transported from French ports to the German front on trucks to keep their treads from being worn down. A spot for “after victory” Admiral products mentions FM and television. French Communists will continue the war against Germany. CBS Rome (Winston Burdette): the Allies are faced with having to provide relief for thousands of Italians refugees as winter approaches. Bill Slocum, Jr. interviews Coast Guard Lieutenant John Mitchell who landed men and supplies ashore under fire at Saipan. CBS Madrid (Glenn Stadler): a black market economy is flourishing in southern France as the Germans retreat. CBS Pearl Harbor: just back from the Palau Islands, Webley Edwards gives an eyewitness account of the fighting that is going on there. CBS Washington: Don Pryor interviews LTJG Jack Fuller, the 23-year-old skipper of a Navy LCT landing craft that was sunk after it hit a mine on D-Day. Fuller is currently training Navy personnel for amphibious landings in the Pacific. Major Eliot reviews the situation on the Eastern Front where the Russians are now threatening Yugoslavia. PSA advising home-owners to prepare their homes for winter.”

    To listen to the broadcast click on the link below.

    CBS World News Today, October 1, 1944

  • CBS World News Today – October 1, 1944

    10/01/2014 12:04:30 PM PDT · 1 of 5
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 7:30:54 AM PDT · 10 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to henkster
    Patton has gradually expanded the salient around Nancy, but the Germans are still bitterly clinging to Metz.

    And we know how dangerous those bitter clingers are.

  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:25:55 AM PDT · 7 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/9/01.htm

    October 1st, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England flies

    Mission 657: 9 B-17s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Belgium during the night.

    Submarine HMS Virulent commissioned.

    FRANCE: The USAAF Ninth Air Force’s XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional), which is to support the U.S. Ninth Army, is detached from the IX Tactical Air Command and becomes an independent body. The US Ninth Air Force’s XXIX Tactical Air Command (Provisional) locates advance HQ at Arlon; weather prevents bomber operations; a few fighters fly armed reconnaissance over eastern France and wide areas of western Germany and patrol the battle areas; night patrols are flown over eastern France and Luxembourg.

    German army and naval units defending the fortress of Calais behind Allied lines surrender to Canadian forces.

    In the U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, elements of French 2d Armoured Division, in conjunction with attack of U.S. 45th Infantry Division (VI Corps), cut the Rambervillers-Baccarat road.

    BELGIUM: In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, the Canadian 2d Division begins a drive west across the Antwerp-Turnhout Canal toward the Beveland Peninsula through the northern suburbs of Antwerp. The British 49th Div is engaging the Germans north of St Leonard.

    NETHERLANDS: In the Canadian First Army’s II Corps area, Polish armor crosses the Dutch frontier on right flank of corps. In the British Second Army area, the Germans make another strong but futile attempt to reach the Nijmegen bridges, pushing south from Arnhem.

    GERMANY: Buchenwald: Seven homosexual prisoners are castrated in the name of medical research.

    The U.S. First Army spends most of its time during October encircling and reducing Aachen, from which the drive on Cologne is to begin. The main offensive of the XIX Corps, the attack on West Wall between Aachen and Geilenkirchen, cannot be undertaken as planned on this date because of poor weather conditions.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, elements of 83d Infantry Division reach the outskirts of Grevenmacher, on the west bank of the Moselle River north of Remich.

    During the night of 1/2 October, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 48 Mosquitos to Brunswick (46 bomb), eight each to Heilbronn (five bomb) and Krefeld (seven bomb) and six each to Hoesch synthetic oil refinery at Dortmund (six bomb) and Koblenz (five bomb). No aircraft are lost.

    Himmler appoints SS General (Obgruf.) Gottlob Berger as plenipotentiary chief of all Prisoner of War affairs. (Russell Folsom)

    U-2530 and U-3020 laid down.

    FINLAND: The Finnish landings behind German lines begin. They are led by Major General A. Pajari, the commander of the 3rd Division. The division (at that time) consisted of 11th and 53rd Rifle Regiments, 13th Separate Bn, Art.Reg 16.

    Pajari had luck in the landing operation. Finns used merchant ships with little to no armament. The key was surprise which was achieved. The landing began on 1 Oct at 7:45 A.M. at the distant “Röyttä” harbour of Tornio (some 8 km south of the town) without the Germans noticing anything. Within 10 minutes, after the first ship attached to the pier, the Jaeger company of the 11th Rifle Reg. was already moving to scout ahead.

    The Germans then tried to restart the friendly co-operation (the “phony war” that had taken place not long before, where the Germans retreated and the Finns advanced according to agreed timetable). They even tried to contact the Finnish GHQ. When no answer arrived before the set time 2 Oct 20:00 hrs (it was first 12:00 hrs, but the Germans gave 8 hours extra time), the Germans felt betrayed and the razing of Lapland began. (Sami Korhonen)

    Yesterday Finland received an ultimatum from the Allied Supervisory Committee, demanding offensive operations against the Germans. Worried President and Marshal of Finland Gustaf Mannerheim telephones Lieutenant Gerneral Hjalmar Siilasvuo, the general responsible for the anti-German operations, who reassures the Marshal that there will be good news tomorrow, on 1 October. As Mannerheim and Siilasvuo are having this discussion, the men of Infantry Regiment 11 (Lieutenant Colonel Wolf Halsti) are boarding three large commercial freighters at Oulu. Protected by night and rain, the regiment manages to surprise the German defenders. Despite the good beginnings, German resistance and faulty intelligence slows down the Finnish advance. The Battle for Tornio lasts until 8 October.

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: Hungarian officials arrive to negotiate a secret armistice.

    ITALY: In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, troops of the South African 6th Armoured Division on Mont Catarelto are forced to give ground under strong German counterattacks. Task Force 45 and Regimental Combat Team 6 of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (BEF) are joined under the operational command of Major General Enrice Gaspar Dutra, Brazilian Minister of War. The U.S. II Corps begins an offensive toward Bologna at 0600 hours after artillery preparation; the Germans resist stubbornly from improvised strongpoints. Units of the 85th Infantry Division heading for Mont Bibele, take La Martina.

    US Twelfth Air Force B-25s and B-26s attack bridges, fuel dumps, factory, and barracks in the central and western Po Valley, including 3 attacks on Piacenza while XII Fighter Command’s A-20s hit a fuel dump and bivouacs and fighter-bombers blast guns and communications in the mountainous battle areas between Florence and Bologna.

    A photographic group is assigned to the USAAF Fifteenth AF, completing the full establishment of 21 heavy bomber groups, seven fighter groups, and a reconnaissance group, as authorized in the War Department directive of 23 October 1943. Weather permits only photo and weather reconnaissance missions.

    General McCreery assumes command of the British 8th Army in ITALY from General Leese. Leese is appointed to command Allied Land Forces, South East Asia.

    Brazilian troops of the US II Corps (5th Army) go on the offensive, launching an Allied drive towards Bologna.

    GREECE: From Kithria Island., the British Advance Coastal Forces base and 9 Commando move by sea to Poros Bay, Kefalonia in the Ionian Islands to reconnoiter, leaving elements of the Greek Sacred Regiment on Kithira. Greek Naval Port parties land on Mytilene (Lesbos), Lemnos, and Levita Islands.

    MEDITERRANEAN SEA:

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS: A photographic group is assigned to the US Fifteenth AF, completing the full establishment of 21 heavy bomber groups, 7 fighter groups, and 1 reconnaissance group, as authorized in the War Department directive of 23 Oct 43. Weather permits only photo and weather reconnaissance missions.

    CHINA-BURMA-INDIA

    BURMA: 34 US Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Thetkegyin while 20 others hit railroad targets throughout the north Burma railroad corridor and troop concentrations at Ponlon; 4 P-47s bomb Shwegugale while 6 others hit Lungling, China and sweep the Burma Road in the area.

    CHINA: 18 US Fourteenth Air Force B-25s bomb Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields in Canton, the town of Wuchou, and targets of opportunity in the Samshui and Canton areas; 100+ P-40s and P-51 Mustangs on armed reconnaissance throughout areas south of the Yangtze River hit a variety of targets of opportunity, concentrating on communications targets and troops in the Mangshih and Hsinganhsien areas.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators strike the airfield on Iwo Jima.

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: US Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan, strike the airfield on Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands. In the Gilbert Islands, B-25s from Makin Island bomb Nauru Island while B-24s, staging through Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands, hit Truk Atoll in the Caroline Islands.

    SOLOMON ISLANDS: The USN’s Special Air Task Group One (STAG-1) continues operations with the Interstate TDR drone aircraft in the Solomon Islands with 2 attacks against Japanese positions on Bougainville. In the first, 4 TDRs are launched against AA positions on Ballale and Poporang Isalnds; 1 lands in the middle of an AA postion, the 2nd lands at the south end of the airfield on Ballale; and the 3rd and 4th expode on Poporang Island. The second raid, against AA positions south of Kahili Airfield on Bougainville, also involves 4 TDRs. The first two hit the lower slope of the hill where the AA batteries are located but 1 does not explode; the 3rd crashes; and the 4th cannot find the target and explodes north of the target.

    EAST INDIES: On Celebes Island, US Far East Air Force B-24s bomb Langoan while B-25s hit Lembeh Island, Menado, and Bolaang-oeki port. B-24s bomb Taka in the Moluccas Islands while P-38s hit Amahai, Ceram Island; Kairatoe, Celebes Island; and shipping off Amboina, Ambon Island. B-25s and P-38s on shipping sweeps off Halmahera Island destroy several barges and luggers. In New Guinea, A-20s and P-38s attack Urarom Airfield and Fak Fak supply dumps, while P-40s hit Doom Island and targets of opportunity in Windissi, Idorra, and MacCluer Gulf; P-47s and A-20s hit Doeroa, Langgoer, and Faan Airfields in the Kai Islands.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and P-38 Lightnings attack Utarom (Kaimana) Aerodrome and Fakfak supply dumps, while P-40s hit Doom Island and targets of opportunity in Windissi, Idorra, and MacCluer Gulf.

    NAURU ISLAND: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb the island. Nauru Island is a 21 square kilometer (8 square mile) island in the South Pacific Ocean, located about halfway between the Gilbert and Solomon Islands. The island is rich in phosphate deposits and was occupied by the Japanese on 25 August 1942.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Lasalle departed Bermuda for Halifax to join EG-27. Corvette HMCS Kenogami completed foc’sle extension refit Liverpool, Nova Scotia.

    U.S.A.: USN Patrol Squadrons (VPs) and multi-engine bombing squadrons (VBs) are renamed and redesignated patrol bombing squadrons (VPBs).

    In baseball, the Detroit Tigers meet the Washington Senators before 45,565 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The Tigers send Dizzy Trout (27-14 on the season), pitching on one day’s rest, against the Senators knuckleballer Dutch Leonard (14-14 on the season). Leonard had lost in his last seven starts against the Tigers in 1943-1944 but the Senators win 4-1. Years later, Leonard reported that he had received a phone call offering him US$20,000 (US$196,078 in year 2000 dollars) to throw the game.

    In St. Louis, the St. Louis Browns have their first sellout crowd in 20 years as 37,815 fans pack Sportsman Park to see the Browns clinch the American League pennant on the final day of the season. The Browns beat the Yankees 5-2 on a pair of 2-run home runs by utility outfielder Chet Laabs.

    Submarines USS Argonaut, Capitaine and Quillback launched. Minesweeper USS Inaugural launched. Destroyer USS James C Owens launched. Destroyers USS Charles R Ware and McCaffery laid down.

  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:21:57 AM PDT · 6 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/oct44/01oct44.htm#

    Allies land on Greek islands
    Sunday, October 1, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Greece... British Commandos land at Poros. Greek troops land at Mitilini, Lemnos and Levita.

    In Italy... The US 2nd Corps (part of US 5th Army) attacks northward in the direction of Bologna.

    From London... General McCreery takes over command of the British 8th Army, in Italy. The former commander, General Leese, is assigned to command Allied Land Forces, Southeast Asia.

  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:21:00 AM PDT · 5 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    2 Gates Reached (Daniel) – 2-3
    Dover Sings in Joy as Shelling Stops (Currivan) – 3-4
    Another French Port Liberated by the Canadians (photo) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    Danube is Crossed – 5-6
    Lublin Poles Call Bor ‘Criminal’; See Long Siege to Free Warsaw (Lawrence) – 6-7
    Soviet Economics Stirs Debate Here (Lissner) – 7
    Catalina Destroys 4 Ships in Attack on Bay in Borneo – 8
    Zero Hour: Smoke Covers Peleliu as Americans Arrive for Invasion (photo) – 9
    Latest Casualties among Men from New York, New Jersey and Connecticut – 11-12
    Veterans’ Intelligence (Hurd) – 13
    The Outlook in the War (Baldwin) – 14
    The Texts of the Day’s War Communiques – 15-17
    Jet Plane Secret is Kept 2 ½ Years – 17

    The News of the Week in Review
    The Battle of Europe at the End of the Summer Campaigns (map) – 18
    Fight for Time – 19-20
    Other Fronts – 20-21
    Fifteen News Questions – 22
    The Battle for the Rhine (maps) – 23-24
    Allies Lose Momentum in Drive on the Reich (Daniel) – 25-26
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 26
    The Best Selling Books, Here and Elsewhere (from Book Review) – 26

  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:18:59 AM PDT · 4 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 1001-2gates28_zpsb74835dc.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:18:19 AM PDT · 3 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:17:32 AM PDT · 2 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • 7TH ARMY 9 MILES FROM BELFORT AS IT DRIVES INTO VOSGES PASSES (10/1/44)

    10/01/2014 4:17:04 AM PDT · 1 of 17
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:24:38 PM PDT · 23 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Tax-chick

    That is my characterization of the dynamics after listening to the song.

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 11:20:05 AM PDT · 19 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Steven Scharf
    Here we thought it was written by Deep Purple in 1972.

    Nothing about Frank Zappa and the Mothers or idiots with flare guns.

    (Jauntily)
    For there is a great destroyer made of fire and flesh and steel rolling toward the foes of freedom they'll go down beneath its wheeels.

    There'll be nothing left but vultures to inhabit all that land when our modern ships and bombers make a graveyard of Japan.

    Red Foley - "Smoke on the Water"

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 7:10:01 AM PDT · 13 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to DFG

    I’m surprised he got credit for 6 shot down if 4 of them crashed after collisions.

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:38:00 AM PDT · 8 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/30.htm

    September 30th, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: This month 190 civilians have been killed and 360 wounded in air raids.

    The US Eighth Air Force in England flies Mission 655: 834 bombers and 629 fighters,in 3 forces, are dispatched to make PFF attacks on marshalling yards and airfields in western Germany; 8 bombers are lost.
    (1) 257 B-17s hit Bielefeld marshalling yard; 4 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 240 P-47s and P-51s.
    (2) B-24s bomb the marshalling yard at Hamm (206); targets of opportunity are Munster (12) and other (1); 1 B-24 is lost; escort is provided by 170 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s.
    (3) B-17s attack the marshalling yard at Munster (35) and Munster/Handorf Airfield (14); targets of opportunity are Munster (239) and other (1); 3 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 177 P-47s and P-51s.

    - 86 P-51s fly a sweep over northwestern Germany.

    - 116 B-24s fly a TRUCKIN’ mission carrying fuel to France.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS: 14 US Ninth Air Force B-26s bomb the Arnhem, the Netherlands road bridge with poor results; fighters fly sweeps over Belgium, eastern France, and western Germany and attack rail targets.

    Escort carrier HMS Nabob paid off Rosyth; constructive total loss. Post war became German merchant ship Nabob.
    Minesweeper HMCS Wasaga departed Devonport for refit Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

    BELGIUM: The 1st Canadian Army continue their attacks north and west of Antwerp.

    NETHERLANDS: A group of Dutch resistance fighters ambush four German soldiers near the small Dutch village of Putten The attack goes wrong and three of the soldiers escape to raise the alarm, the fourth being kept hostage. The German commander of the area, General Heinz Helmuth von Wuhlisch, orders all inhabitants arrested and the village burned down. Thirty nine are arrested immediately and lined up on the square. Hoping to save the 39 men, the resistance group release the hostage, Lieutenant Eggert. It makes no difference, all the other men in the village are rounded up and together with the 39 men on the square, forced to board a train bound for the Reich. In all, 589 men from the village are transported to Germany for forced labour. Only 49 are alive at the end of the war. Luckily, of the 600 or so houses in Putten, “only” 87 were burned down.

    Fourteen USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauders bomb the Arnhem road bridge with poor results.

    FRANCE: Calais falls to the Canadian 3rd Division.

    Calais: The prospect of a dour, bloody battle for Calais evaporated at midnight tonight with the sudden collapse of the last pockets of German resistance after two days’ fighting. Yesterday opposing commanders met under a flag of truce to arrange the evacuation of 25,000 civilians. By then the big guns of Cap Griz Nez, which had shelled Dover, had been seized by the besieging Canadian 3rd Division. The Germans threatened to fight to the last man, but after some hour of shelling and air bombing they had had enough. White flags appeared, and 7,000 captives included the commander. Hitler’s bunker mentality, his determination to hold the French coast, has cost 12,000 men.

    Thus the month ends with the Allies in control of most of France. Huge swathes of the centre and south-west were liberated this month, but for the last three weeks there has been little progress beyond the Moselle along a line south of Aachen to Belfort. Patton’s US Third Army has met strong resistance in Alsace-Lorraine, notably around Metz. Further north, limited forays have been made into Nazi territory, but there has been no breakthrough.

    In the British I Corps area, the Polish 1st Armoured Division takes Merxplas, northwest of Turnhout.

    In the U.S. Third Army’s XII Corps area: In a desperate attempt to recover Fort de Grémecey, the Germans make a strong attack against both flanks of the 35th Infantry Division’s perimeter, breaching lines of 134th and 137th Infantry Regiments within the forest. So grave is the situation that the corps commander, at about 1420 hours, orders the 35th Infantry Division to fall back behind the Seille River after dark, but Lieutenant General George S. Patton, Commanding General Third Army, directs a counterattack by the 6th Armored Division to restore the situation. The 35th Division committing its last reserves, manages to hang on and Germans begin a planned withdrawal.

    In The U.S. Seventh Army’s XV Corps area, the 79th Infantry Division continues to meet strong opposition in Fort de Parroy area. Elements of the French 2d Armoured Division assist the U.S. 45th Infantry Division of the VI Corps in their attack on Rambervillers.

    GERMANY: Until last year the German people lived off the fat of the occupied lands, leaving the populations of Poland, France, Belgium, Greece and the Netherlands to starve as their food produce was diverted to the Reich. But with each new country liberated, the Nazi store cupboard becomes increasingly bare. Basic, foodstuffs such as bread, flour and fat are generally available, but people are beginning to feel the pinch of rationing. Daily consumption of fish and meat has fallen from the pre-war level of six ounces per person to just over three ounces, and of eggs from two-thirds to one-third of an ounce. People living in towns suffer most since railways are a prime target for Allied bombing.

    RAF Bomber Command Missions:

    - During the day, 139 aircraft, 108 Halifaxes, 21 Lancasters and ten Mosquitos, attempt to attack the Holton synthetic oil plant at Sterkrade but the target is cloud-covered and only 24 aircraft attacked the main target; 103 aircraft bomb the general town area of Sterkrade. One Halifax lost.

    - During the day, 136 aircraft, 101 Halifaxes, 25 Lancasters and ten Mosquitos, encounter similar conditions at Bottrop in their attempt to bomb the Welheim synthetic oil refinery. Only four aircraft attempt to bomb the oil plant; the remainder of the force bombed the estimated positions of various Ruhr cities. No aircraft lost.

    - During the night of 30 September/1 October, 45 of 46 Mosquitos dispatched bomb Hamburg.

    U-2336 commissioned.

    POLAND: Germans recapture Zoliborz district of Warsaw.

    FINLAND: The Finnish attack against their former German allies begins when Lt.Gen Hjalmar Siilasvuo gives the go ahead for an amphibious landing.

    The landing site was a small town of Tornio. The landing was politically a god-sent, as the Russians gave on 30 Sept an Ultimatum, that if the Finns wouldn’t start aggressive operations against the Germans, Red Army troops would come “to help”.

    (On 30 September, the Finnish troops in Lapland numbered some 60,000 men, in 2 Inf.divisions (3rd and 6th), the Armored division and the 15th Brigade + other smaller units). (Sami Korhonen)

    Minesweeper Kuha 3 is lost in German mines off Suursaari. First troop transport to Tornio begins.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Troops of the Soviet Third Ukrainian Front, having secured the Iron Gate, the Turnu-Severin-Orsova area in Romania, where the Danube River passes through the Transylvanian Alps, cross the Danube in force and push toward Belgrade.

    ITALY:

    In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, Regimental Combat Team 6 of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (BEF) advances its right flank to Fornoli, at the junction of the Serchio River and Lima Creek. In the U.S. II Corps area, the 351st Infantry Regiment of the 88th Infantry Division seizes Mont Cappello after hard fighting but other troops on Mont Battaglia are almost driven off by further German attacks. The Corps is now ready for drive on the Po Valley and Bologna, although wearied by recent fighting and hampered by heavy rains. In the British XIII Corps area, the Indian 8th Division, reaches San Adriano, on the road to Faenza.

    In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Indian 4th Division clears the Germans from Tribola while the British 46th Division takes Montalbano and patrols as far as the Fiumicino River. The V Corps begins a general attack during the night of 30 September/1 October. The Indian 4th Division takes Mont Reggiano and Borghi before dawn, but the British 46th Division in the center and the 56th Division on the right are unable to force the Fiumicino River.

    During the night of 30 September/1 October, 41 heavy bombers of RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the pontoon bridge at San Benedetto.

    US Twelfth Air Force B-25s bomb road and railroad bridges in the Po Valley at Piacenza, Voghera, Sesto Calende, Lonate Pozzolo, Galliate, Cittadella, Borgoforte, and Tortona; B-26s hit fuel dumps at Cremona, and bridges at Padua, Turbigo, and San Nazzaro; XII Fighter Command fighters hit motor transport, rail lines, roads, bridges, and rolling stock in the Po Valley.

    BURMA: Over fifty US Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts hit various targets in the Myothit and Bhamo areas, attack targets of opportunity at Khalayang, sweep the Anisakan and Nawnghkio Airfield areas, bomb Nansiaung railroad bridge, and hit targets of opportunity on or near the Burma Road between Mangshih and Lashio; 11 B-25s knock out a span of the main bridge and damage 2 bypass bridges at Hsenwi. 18 B-24s haul fuel from Burma to Liuchow, Yungning, and Kunming, China.

    CHINA: 29 US Fourteenth Air Force B-24s and 12 B-25s bomb Wuchou and Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields at Canton; 6 B-25s hit targets of opportunity S of Lungfukwan; nearly 100 P-40s and P-51s on armed reconnaissance over wide areas of China south of the Yangtze River again hit numerous targets of opportunity, concentrating on river shipping.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The submarine USS Nautilus (SS-168) lands supplies on Panay Island and takes out 7 servicemen, 10 women, 5 civilian men and 25 children. Meanwhile, the submarine USS Stingray (SS-186) lands supplies on Mindanao.

    BORNEO: 70 US Far East Air Force B-24s strike oil installations at Balikpapan; 4 B-24s are lost. On Celebes Island, Ambesia Airfield is pounded by B-24s while B-25s hit Mapanget, Langoan, and Sidate, and P-38s hit shipping in Wasile Bay. Other B-25s attack shipping in the Halmahera Island waters. P-38s hit Amahai on Ceram Island, Kairatoe and Halong seaplane base on Celebes Island, and Haroekoe Airfield on Haroekoe Island.

    NEW GUINEA: 64 B-24’s 5th and 307th Bombardment Groups of the US 13th AF and ? B-24’s 90th Bombardment Group - of the US 5th AF raid the Balikpapan refineries and oil storage Lutong (North Borneo) [small refineries + large oil storage facility] Details: 190 - 1000 lb bombs; Pendesari refinery - direct hits on a large tanker set on fire; at dock Large fires. (Robert McFall)

    In Dutch New Guinea, A-20 Havocs and fighter-bombers hit Babo and Utarom (Kaimana) Airfields and Fak Fak; A-20s and B-25 Mitchells bomb Faan Airfield in the Kai Islands.

    MARIANA ISLANDS: Saipan-based P-47s of the US Seventh Air Force blast the airfield area on Pagan Island; later in the day a B-24 hits the same target.

    WAKE ISLAND: During the night of 30 September/1 October a Kwajalein Atoll-based B-24 bombs Wake Island.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: Rear Admiral George H. Fort, Commander of the Western Attack Force, declares Peleliu, Angaur, Ngesebus, and Kongarur Islands in the Palau Islands occupied. On Peleliu, the 1st Battalion of the Army’s 321st Infantry Regiment relieves the 5th Marine Regiment on Amiangal Mountain, which is not yet completely clear of organized resistance although marines report over 1,170 Japanese killed or captured there, far more than the 500 recently estimated to be on the mountain. The 7th Marine Regiment begins attacks to reduce the Umurbrogol Pocket; progress during the next few days is very slow.

    AUSTRALIA: At their final meeting, General Douglas MacArthur, Supreme Commander South West Pacific Area, tells Australian Prime Minister John Curtin that the future operations of Australian forces would consist of “firstly, the garrisoning role for the neutralization of Japanese pockets on the various islands and, secondly, the operational activities of the two Australian Imperial Force divisions which were to accompany the U.S. forces in the advance against the Japanese.” MacArthur suggested that the Australian garrison forces should not attempt to liquidate the Japanese pockets and the commanders may wish to take some active actions. Expanding on future plans, MacArthur tells Curtin that the two Australian divisions would take part in the capture of Borneo and then in an attack on Java. Curtin makes no comment thereby giving tacit approval to this plan.

    CANADA: Minesweeper HMCS Rockcliffe commissioned.
    Frigate HMCS Ettrci arrived Bermuda for workups.
    Corvette HMCS Fredericton departed Londonderry escort for convoy ON-256
    Corvette HMCS Whitby arrived St. John’s to join EG C-4.

    Frigate HMCS Cap De La Madeleine commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Red Foley’s record of “Smoke On The Water” makes it to the Billboard Pop Singles chart. This is his first single to make the charts and it stays there for 11 weeks reaching Number 7.

    The auxiliary aircraft carrier Barnes (AVG-7, ex ACV-7, ex SS Steel Artisan) is transferred to the British under Lend-Lease and renamed HMS Attacker (D 02). She is th fifth ACV transferred to the Royal Navy and is returned on 5 January 1946.

    Destroyer minelayers USS Gwin and Shea commissioned.
    Escort carrier USS Saidor laid down.
    Minesweeper USS Strength commissioned.
    Destroyers USS Douglas H Fox and John W Thomason launched.

    Patrol Escort Vessel USS CASPER sails from Seattle on weather patrol.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-347 was commissioned at Kewaunee WI with LT F. N. Blake, USCG, as commanding officer. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area during the war.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-201 was commissioned at New Orleans with LT R. P. Champney, Jr., USCGR, as commanding officer. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area. (Henry Sirotin)

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: This month 19 U-boats have been sunk.

    The German “Milch Cow” submarine U-1062 left Bergen, Norway, on 3 January 1944 with 39 torpedoes to supply the Monsun boats in the Far East. The boat made it to Penang, Malaysia, on 19 April. U-1062 unloaded the torpedoes and left Penang for Europe on 6 July but is intercepted by a USN escort carrier group, consisting of the escort aircraft carrier USS Mission Bay (CVE-59) and destroyer escorts, in the central Atlantic today. TBM-3 Avengers of Composite Squadron Thirty Six (VC-36) in USS Mission Bay drop sonobuoys and destroyer escort USS Fessenden (DE-142) homes in on sonobuoy indications and sinks her with depth charges about 685 nautical miles (1 268 kilometers) west-southwest of the Portugese Capre Verde Islands in position 11.36N 34.44W. All 55 hands on the U-boat are lost. The U-boat was on her third patrol.

    U-1026 intercepted by an escort carrier group in the central Atlantic where the destroyer escort USS Fessenden sank her with depth charges. 55 dead (all hands lost).

    In the North Atlantic a Catalina aircraft attacked U-245. The gunners on the U-boat managed to keep it at bay.

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:36:39 AM PDT · 7 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/sep44/30sep44.htm#

    Cross-Channel guns silenced
    Saturday, September 30, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Western Front... The Canadian 1st Army continue attacks to the north and west of Antwerp. The German garrison in Calais surrenders to the Canadian 3rd Division. There are unsuccessful counterattacks in the area of US 12th Corps (part of US 3rd Army).

    Over Germany... There are renewed RAF attacks on railway marshalling yards in the Rhineland.

    In Britain... In Dover there are celebrations following news that all German cross-Channel guns have been captured.

    In the Palau Islands... Admiral Fort takes command of US operations in this island group. He announces that Peleliu, Angaur, Ngesebus and Kongauru have been completely occupied. Japanese resistance continues, however.

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:35:47 AM PDT · 6 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Arnhem Foe Foiled – (Daniel) – 2-3
    Advances by Hodges’ Army Now Measured by the Yard (Middleton) – 3-4
    Leftists in Paris For Vast Seizures (Callender) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    On the Alert for Snipers in a Holland Town (page 1 photo) – 5
    Red Army Smashes for Mountain Pass – 6-7
    Tito Forces Press Drive on Belgrade – 7
    Three More Isles in Palaus Invaded (Trumbull) – 7-8
    Attack on Manila a Fiery Panorama (Jones) – 8-9
    Liberators Escape Japanese Phosphorous Bombs (photo) – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:34:50 AM PDT · 5 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of September 30, 1944

    #1 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #2 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
    #3 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #4 – “It Had to Be You” - Dick Haymes/Helen Forrest
    #5 - “It Had to Be You” – Betty Hutton
    #6– “I’ll Walk Alone” – Martha Tilton
    #7 – “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” – Bing Crosby, with the Andrews Sisters
    #8 – “Till Then” – Mills Brothers
    #9 - “Is You Is or Is You Ain’t My Baby” – Louis Jordan
    #10 - “It Could Happen to You” – Jo Stafford

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:34:04 AM PDT · 4 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0930-arnhem14_zps2190b774.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:33:32 AM PDT · 3 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:32:55 AM PDT · 2 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • ALLIES PRESSING GERMANS BACK AT BOTH ENDS OF SIEGFRIED LINE; NEW RUSSIAN DRIVE ON HUNGARY (9/30/44)

    09/30/2014 4:31:51 AM PDT · 1 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:58:16 AM PDT · 7 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/29.htm

    September 29th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force flies Mission 654: 5 B-17s and 5 B-24s drop leaflets on the Netherlands, France and Germany during the night.

    FRANCE: The Canadian 3rd Division begins to make significant progress in its attacks at Calais. An armistice for the withdrawal of civilians interrupts the battle at Calais.

    Normandy: Canadian infantrymen capture the enormous German battery at Cap Griz-Nez. The German coastal artillery batteries near Calais are captured by Canadian troops. For the first time in four years the citizens of Dover and its environs are free from the harassing shellfire from these long-range guns.

    In the U.S. Third Army area, Lieutenant General George S. Patton, Commanding General Third Army, approves a plan for XX Corps to attack Fort Driant again, beginning on 3 October.

    BELGIUM: Cpl John William Harper (b.1915), York and Lancaster Regt., died when, ignoring heavy fire, he led his men over 300 yards of open ground. (Victoria Cross)

    During the day, 72 RAF Bomber Command Halifaxes fly petrol (gasoline) from the U.K. to Melsbroek Airfield in Brussels.

    THE NETHERLANDS: In the British Second Army area, German swimmers damage bridges at Nijmegen with submarine charges, but the bridges are soon repaired. XII Corps reaches line of the Hertogenbosch-Oss railroad southwest of Nijmegen.

    GERMANY: Over four hundred USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26s and A-20s hit marshalling yards and rail sidings at Prum, Euskirchen, and Bingen, dragon’s teeth antitank defenses near Webenheim, and marshalling yards, rail sidings, warehouses and barracks at Julich and Bitburg; 1,500+ fighters escort the bombers, hit railroads, fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance over wide areas of the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, eastern France, and in western Germany as far east as Frankfurt/Main.

    During the night of 29/30 September, 39 RAF Bomber Command Mosquitos bombed Karlsruhe and nine Lancasters laid mines in the Heligoland Bight in the south-east corner of the North Sea and four laid mines in the Kattegat, a bay of the North Sea bounded by Denmark and Sweden..

    U-2529 laid down.

    U-1307 and U-3009 launched.

    U-2511 commissioned.

    BALTIC SEA: During a transfer U-989 was damaged by a mine.

    ESTONIA: The Russian Eighth Army lands units on Muhu Island in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Estonia. German forces withdraw to the island of Saaremaa to the west of Muhu..

    ITALY: Two SS regiments, under SS Major Walter Reder, start a reprisal operation against partisans in the Bologna province.

    About 20 kilometers (12 miles) south of Bologna is the massif of Monte Sole, part of the Apennine range. Around this area are dozens of small villages and towns, Marzabotto, Sperticano, Cerpiano, San Martino, Creda and Casaglia to name but a few. When Italy surrendered to the Allies on 8 September 1943, Fascist and German troops continued their harassment of these poor mountain people. Forming themselves into small partisan groups, augmented by deserters from the Italian and German armies (ex Soviet POWs) their strength grew to around 1,200 men. Calling themselves the Stella Rossa (Red Star) they confined their activities to sniping, derailing freight trains and the occasional ambush. In their efforts to subdue the Stella Rossa, the German SS often raided small villages and shot hostages. This only increased the determination of the partisans to commit more attacks on the enemy and for the Germans to shoot more hostages. As the British and Americans fought their way north, the SS formed up for a mass attack on Monte Sole. At dawn today, the SS attacked. At Creda, the SS surrounded a barn where a group of partisans were hiding. All the men, women and children of Creda, were assembled in the barn and after their valuables and money is confiscated they are machine-gunned, grenades and incendiary bombs are thrown in and the group, about 90, are left to burn. This scene is repeated at every tiny village and farmlet as the SS units continue their march. Soon, hundreds of fires could be seen on and around Monte Sole, each one a funeral pyre. During the three days of the rastrellamento (29 September to 1 October) a total of around 1,830 men, women and children, are brutally murdered by the SS and 420 houses burned. When the SS murder squads move on, the killing continues as relatives of the victims, searching for the bodies of their loved ones, stepped on the deadly mines laid by the SS. Their commander, one-armed SS Major Walter Reder, an Austrian national, is later arrested by the Americans in Salzburg and handed over to the British who in turn pass him over to the Italians. In 1951, in an Italian military court in Bologna, Walter Reder is sentenced to strict life imprisonment in the military prison at Gaeta. He is released in 1985 and dies six years later in 1991.

    In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, elements of Regimental Combat Team 6, Brazilian Expeditionary Force, take Stazzema; In the U.S. II Corps area, the 34th Infantry Division repels a counterattack on the left at Montefredente and on the right reaches Fornelli. In the British XIII Corps area, the Germans withdraw from Mont di Castelnuovo.

    The British Eighth Army is hampered all along line by heavy rains and flooding. V Corps advances on its right flank during the night of 29/30 September, taking Savignano and Castelvecchio ridge without opposition, as Germans make limited withdrawal. Patrols cross the Fiumicino River.

    US Twelfth Air Force A-20s and medium bombers are again grounded by weather; fighter-bombers, hampered by weather, fly 52 sorties in the afternoon, cutting rail lines leading south from Milan.

    FINLAND: The Russian 8th Army lands units on Muhu Island in the Baltic. German forces withdraw to the island of Saaremaa.

    LATVIA: German General der Infanterie Wegener L AK is killed at Wolmar. (138)(Russ Folsom)

    CHINA: A strong Chinese labor force begins work on a trail between Myitkyina, Burma, and Kunming via Tengchung and is assisted by small group of U.S. engineers.

    Eighteen USAAF Tenth Air Force B-24 Liberators haul fuel from India to Yungning, Liuchow, and Kunming.

    Eleven USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25 Mitchells bomb Mangshih, 24 bomb Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields at Canton, and 15 hit targets of opportunity around Chuanhsien, Taochuan and Taohsien; about 100 P-51 Mustangs, P-40s, and P-38 Lightnings again attack various targets of opportunity throughout the vast expanses of China south of the Yangtze River, hitting road, rail, and river targets, troops, and town areas.

    BURMA: Eleven USAAF Tenth Air Force B-25s attack and damage the main bridge, knock out the bypass bridge and silence adjoining AA positions on the Burma Road near Uambkai.

    JAPAN: In the Kurile Islands, 2 US Eleventh Air Force B-24s bomb Kataoka Naval Base on Shimushu Island and Kokutan Cape on Paramushiru Island.

    PELELIU: Fighting continues.

    BONIN ISLANDS: Two USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Saipan Iwo Jima.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators from Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands bomb Truk Atoll.

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: 3 US Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan bomb Marcus Island in the north Pacific. P-47 Thunderbolts bomb and strafe gun positions on Pagan Island.

    SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: At Sindangan Bay, Mindanao Island in the Philippines, the submarine USS Narwhal (SS-167) takes aboard 81 Allied POWs who survived the sinking of the Japanese prison ship SS Shinyo Maru by the submarine USS Paddle (SS-263) on 7 September. The transport had been carrying 750 PoWs.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force A-20 Havocs and RAAF aircraft, continue to attack Utarom (Kaimana) Aerodrome.

    NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: Kendari Airfield on Celebes Island is bombed by US Far East Air Force B-24s. B-25s hit both Namlea Airfields on Buru Island while B-24s blast Liang on Ambon Island and Haroekoe Airfield on Haroekoe Island. In New Guinea, A-20s and RAAF aircraft, continue to pound Urarom Airfield; other A-20s bomb Faan Airfield.

    PALAU ISLANDS: On Peleliu Island, the 7th Marine Regiment takes responsibility for completing the reduction of the Umurbrogol Pocket, releasing the Army’s 3d Battalion of the 321st Infantry Regiment which then starts north along the route previously taken by the 1st Battalion clearing bypassed resistance as it moves. Other elements of 321st Infantry relieve the 5th Marine Regiment on Ngesebus and Kongauru Islands. The 5th Marines continue to clear Amiangal Mountain. On Angaur Island, the Army’s 322d Infantry Regiment clears the floor of Lake Salome bowl and forces the Japanese to the northwest rim and northwest tip of the island. .

    CANADA: Defence Minister James Layton Ralston flies to Europe to check reports of Canadian infantry shortages.

    Frigate HMCS Strathadam commissioned.

    Corvette HMCS Stellarton commissioned.

    U.S.A.: The motion picture “Tall in the Saddle” is released. Directed by Edwin L. Marin, this western stars John Wayne, Ella Raines, Ward Bond, Gabby Hayes and Paul Fix.

    Washington: The Dumbarton Oaks conference of Allied foreign ministers agrees on a programme for post-war security, including the establishment of the United Nations Organization. The Soviet representative withdraws from the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in Washington, D.C., and the second part of the Conference begins with China participating.

    President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares that Nazi-Fascist influence is growing in Argentina and that the Argentine government has failed to fulfil its obligations under the inter-American agreements. As a result, the U.S. government refuses to allow American ships to call at Argentinean ports.

    Baseball, the final series of the year begins. In the American League, the St. Louis Browns trail the Detroit Tigers by one game; the Browns have 4 games with the New York Yankees, who are three games out of first place. With rainouts the night before, all contenders play doubleheaders. The Browns are last in the American League in attendance, and only 6,172 fans watch St. Louis sweep the doubleheader from the Yankees. Jack Kramer wins the opener 4-1, and Nels Potter wins a 1-0 shutout over the Yankees’ pitcher Hank Borowy, even though St. Louis batters get but 2 hits. In Detroit, the Tigers split 2 games with the Washington Senators, beating Johnny Niggeling 5-2 in the opener but losing to Mickey Haefner 9-2 in the nightcap.

    Escort carrier USS Salerno Bay launched.

    MEXICO: The Mexican government agrees to pay US$24 million (US$ 250 million in 2003 dollars) with three percent interest for the U.S. oil company property the Mexicans had expropriated in 1938. This agreement marked the conclusion of the tensions between the U.S. and Mexican governments over Mexico’s petroleum policies.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: Whilst on her first patrol the German submarine U-863 is sunk in the South Atlantic east- southeast of Recife, Brazile, in position 10.45S, 25.30W, by depth charges from 2 USN PB4Y-1s of Bombing Squadron One Hundred Seven (VB-107) based at Natal, Brazil. All 69 sailors on the U-boat are lost.

    U-310 sank SS Edward H Crockett and SS Samsuva in Convoy RA-60.

  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:56:49 AM PDT · 6 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/sep44/29sep44.htm#

    Calais garrison attacked by Canadians
    Friday, September 29, 1944 www.onwar.com

    German garrison troops under attack near Calais [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... The Canadian 3rd Division continues attacking the German garrison defending Calais; there is a temporary truce to allow the evacuation of civilians. Canadian forces capture Cap Gris Nez.

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet troops of the 8th Army land on Muhu Island in the Baltic. German forces withdraw to the nearby island of Saaremaa.

    In the Palau Islands... On Angaur, American forces confine Japanese resistance to a small area in the northwest of the island.

  • “The Seventh Cross,” “Maisie Goes to Reno,” “Barbary Coast Gent” (Movie Reviews-9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:55:42 AM PDT · 4 of 4
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...

    Forgot to address the last reply to the ping list.

  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:54:43 AM PDT · 5 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Big Battle is Near (Daniel) – 2-3
    Bishop Manning Issues a V-Day Prayer, with Call for Special Episcopal Services – 3
    Poverty and Want Rip Netherlands (Cronkite, MacDonald) – 4
    War News Summarized – 4
    British Infantrymen on the March and Airborne Troops in Action in the Netherlands (photos) – 5-6
    Winter War Seen (Daniell) – 7
    Miners in France Threaten to Quit (Anderson) – 7
    Eisenhower Assures Reich Allies Will Bar Oppression – 8
    Red Army Drives over Czech Border – 9-10
    Tito Opens Border for Russian Drive – 10
    Terrific Air Blows Dealt to Germany (Gruson) – 10
    Red Devils’ General Captured, Escapes – 10
    Freed Airmen Tell of Thrilling Feats – 11
    Halsey’s 4th Blow (by Robert Trumbull) – 12-13
    The Marines Smash ahead against the Japanese on Peleliu (photos) – 14
    Air Power and the War (by Alexander P. de Seversky) – 15
    British Paratroopers Tensely Await Assault (page 1 photo) – 15
    Our Air ‘Edge’ Qualified (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 16
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 17-19
  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:53:20 AM PDT · 4 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0929-bigbattle21_zpsfa34a01b.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:52:16 AM PDT · 3 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:51:43 AM PDT · 2 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH WIDEN HOLLAND SALIENT TO EAST; CHURCHILL SAYS WAR MAY GO INTO 1945 (9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:50:57 AM PDT · 1 of 19
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • “The Seventh Cross,” “Maisie Goes to Reno,” “Barbary Coast Gent” (Movie Reviews-9/29/44)

  • “The Seventh Cross,” “Maisie Goes to Reno,” “Barbary Coast Gent” (Movie Reviews-9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:45:43 AM PDT · 2 of 4
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • “The Seventh Cross,” “Maisie Goes to Reno,” “Barbary Coast Gent” (Movie Reviews-9/29/44)

    09/29/2014 4:45:15 AM PDT · 1 of 4
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:38:17 AM PDT · 8 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/28.htm

    September 28th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: STRATEGIC OPERATIONS: The US Eighth Air Force in England flies 2 missions.

    - Mission 652: 1,049 bombers and 724 fighters, in 3 forces, attack oil and military vehicle factories in central Germany using PFF means; they claim 37-8-18 Luftwaffe aircraft; 34 bombers and 7 fighters are lost. (1) B-17s attack the Magdeburg/Rothensee oil refinery (23); 359 hit the secondary at Magdeburg and 35 hit targets of opportunity; they claim 10-7-5 aircraft; 23 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 263 P-38s and P-51s; they claim 24-0-13 aircraft in the air and 1-0-0 on the ground; 5 P-51s are lost. (2) B-17s bomb the Merseburg/Leuna oil refinery (301); 10 others hit targets of opportunity; 10 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 212 P-51s; they claim 2-1-0 aircraft in the air; 1 P-51 is lost. (3) B-24s hit the Kassel/Henschel motor transport plant (243); 1 hits a target of opportunity; 1 B-24 is lost; escort is provided by 171 P-47s; 1 P-47s is lost.

    - Mission 653: 4 B-24s and 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS: Fighters fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance in Arnhem, the Netherlands (from which British airborne troops have relinquished their hold because of strong German opposition) and support US First and Third Armies in eastern France and western Germany. Night patrols continue over Belgium, Luxembourg, and Germany.

    BELGIUM: During the day, 75 RAF Bomber Command Halifaxes deliver petrol (gasoline) from the U.K. to Melsbroek Airfield in Brussels.

    NETHERLANDS: In the British Second Army area, the Germans make a particularly strong counterattack against the Eindhoven-Arnhem salient in a futile effort to take highway bridge at Nijmegen.

    USAAF Ninth Air Force fighters fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance in the Arnhem area (from which British airborne troops have relinquished their hold because of strong German opposition).

    FRANCE: The Canadian 3rd Division pushes into Calais and takes the Citadel. The Canadian commander refuses a German request that Calais be declared an open city but agrees to 24 hour truce to allow evacuation of civilians.

    A U.S. Third Army directive places Metz first on the priority list.

    A TRUCKIN’ mission is flown to France with fuel by 194 B-24 Liberators of the USAAF’s Eighth Air Force.

    USAAF Ninth Air Force bombers hit the defended area of Foret de Parroy; fighters escort bombers, attack railroads west of the Rhine River. During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispatches 494 aircraft, 230 Lancasters, 214 Halifaxes and 50 Mosquitos, to attack four German positions at Calais and six battery positions at Cap Gris Nez; approximately 50 aircraft are allocated to each position. Only 68 aircraft bombed at Calais before the Master Bomber cancelled the raid because of worsening cloud conditions and only 198 (of 301) aircraft bombed at Cap Gris Nez. No aircraft are lost. Calais surrendered to the Canadian Army soon after this raid and all the French Channel ports are thus in Allied hands, although most of the facilities required extensive clearance and repair. This, and the continuing presence of German troops along the River Scheldt between Antwerp, Belgium, and the sea, would cause the Allied ground forces serious supply difficulties for several more weeks.

    GERMANY: USAAF Ninth Air Force fighters attack the Koblenz, Strasbourg, Karlsruhe, and Mannheim areas, and support US First and Third Armies in eastern France and western Germany.

    During the night of 28/29 September, RAF Bomber Command sends Mosquitos to attack various targets: 44 bomb Brunswick, four bomb the marshalling yard at Heilbronn, two bomb Heilbronn and Aschaffenburg, and individual aircraft bomb Obernburg and Partenstein.

    U-2350 laid down.
    U-2340 launched.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: 200 gypsies are gassed.

    FINLAND: The first Finnish offensive action against the retreating Germans in northern Finland takes place today, as the troops of Jäger Battalion 5 clash with Germans near Pudasjärvi. This comes as a complete surprise to Germans, who have been under the impression that Finns are still honouring the agreement that Finns will only advance once the Germans have left a given locality. Many POWs are taken.

    YUGOSLAVIA: The Soviet Army begins an offensive from western Bulgaria and Romania toward Belgrade.

    ITALY: In the U.S. IV Corps area, Task Force 92 gains control of east-west Highway 12 and takes Lucchio. The II Corps finds that the Germans have abandoned former strongpoints in the Radicosa Pass. In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Canadian I Corps reaches positions generally along the Fiumicino River. A company of the Canadian 5th Armoured Division crosses but is wiped out by the Germans. Operations, except for patrolling, are almost at a standstill after this because of heavy rains and flooding.

    Weather grounds US Twelfth Air Force A-20 Havocs and medium bombers; fighter-bombers, operating on a reduced scale bomb Bologna and hit roads and rail lines at four locations.

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS: Bad weather cancels US Fifteenth Air Force bombing operations, limiting missions to weather reconnaissance.

    CHINA-BURMA-INDIA

    BURMA: 4 US Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolts bomb and strafe Mawhun and Nansiaung and 21 B-24s fly fuel to Liuchow, Yungning, and Kunming, China.

    CHINA: 26 US Fourteenth Air Force B-24s pound the town of Samshui; 31 B-25 Mitchells attack the towns of Taochuan and Shangchiebshou, Tien Ho and White Cloud Airfields at Canton, and river and road traffic around Lingling, Siangtan, and Chuchou; 100+ P-40s, P-51s, and P-38s on armed reconnaissance attack numerous targets of opportunity including bridges, town areas, troops, and road, rail, and river traffic throughout inland southeastern China and, on a smaller scale, in southwestern China and in French Indochina.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: On Peleliu Island in the Palau Islands full scale attacks end. Bitter fighting continues though as the Army’s 321st Infantry Regiment finishes clearing pockets of defending Japanese at the northern part of the Umurbrogol Pocket to a previously designated line. 1st Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment continues clearing the northern part of the western arm. The 3d Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, lands on three small islands off the coast, Ngcsebus, Kongauru, and an unnamed one, and begins clearing them. The landing on Ngesebus is covered by 20 Marine F4U Corsairs. On Angaur Island, the Army’s 322d Infantry Regiment continues clearing a Japanese pocket inside the bowl, suffering its highest casualties for a single day on the island, about 80.

    PACIFIC

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: The Third Battalion, Fifth US Marines and Company G, Second Battalion, Fifth US Marines occupy Ngesebus and Kongarutu Islands in the Palau Islands.

    US Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan Island bomb naval installations at Chichi Jima Island in the Bonin Islands. P-47s bomb defenses on Pagan Island.

    SOUTHWEST PACIFIC: On Celebes Islands, US Far East Air Force B-25s on a shipping sweep attack small vessels off Kairatoe sinking a small cargo vessel; and A-20s bomb Langoan Airfield. P-38s hit barge and the town area at Pajahi in the Moluccas Islands. In New Guinea, P-47s pound Manokwari Airfield.

    U.S.A.: DuMont TV Network’s station WABD (for Allen B. DuMont), channel 4 in New York City, telecasts the first full-length comedy written for television, “The Boys from Boise.”
    Top pop songs on the charts today are “I’ll Walk Alone” by Dinah Shore; “Is You Is Or Is You Ain’t (Ma’ Baby)” by Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters; “I’ll Be Seeing You” by Bing Crosby; and “Smoke on the Water” by Red Foley.

    CANADA: Corvette HMCS Bowmanville commissioned.
    Frigate HMCS St Stephen arrived Halifax from builder Esquimalt, British Columbia.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-219 shot down USN Avenger aircraft, Squadron VC-6. This was the last aircraft lost to U-boats from escort carriers in the Atlantic.

    U-307 landed weather report team ashore in Spitsbergen. They formed the weather station ‘Haudegen’ which did not formally surrender to the allies until 4 Sept 1945.

    U-668 had to leave wolfpack “Zorn”, which was waiting for convoy JW 60 in the Arctic Sea, because the II WO was suffering from appendicitis.

  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:37:16 AM PDT · 7 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/sep44/28sep44.htm#

    Japanese strong points targeted
    Thursday, September 28, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Japanese jungle pillbox on Peleliu Island [photo at link]

    In the Palau Islands... Elements of the US forces deployed on Peleliu land on the small islands Negesbus and Kongauru. There is little resistance. On Peleliu, fighting is localized around Mount Umurbrogol where US forces attempt to eliminate individual Japanese strong points.

    On the Western Front... German forces surrender the citadel of Calais after further heavy bombing by the British RAF. German scuba divers attempt to blow up the bridge over the Waal River at Nijmegen during the night (September 27-28).

  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:36:12 AM PDT · 6 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    6,000 Left Behind (Daniel) – 2-3
    Ribbentrop Utters Axis’ Desperation – 3
    Arnhem Troops Undaunted after Escape from a ‘Hell’ (Wood, McMillan) – 4-5
    A Paratrooper Lands Head First in Holland (page 1 photo) – 5
    The Camera Pictures Scenes from the War Fronts in Germany, Holland and France (photos) – 6-7
    Seventh Army Negotiates Moselle River in France (photo) – 8
    War New Summarized – 8
    Big Bombers Push Blows over Reich (Johnston) – 9
    Russians Close In – 10-11
    Adriatic Port Won – 11
    Fifth Army Fights to Regain Heights – 11
    Italy to Declare War on Japanese (Matthews) – 12
    3,000-Mile Sortie Hits Batavia Area (by Lindesay Parrott and Robert Trumbull) – 12
    Untangling the Supply Lines Inside Burma – 13
    Ship Shortage to Keep in Europe Men Not Needed to Beat Japan – 14
    Two New Types of Jet-Propelled Planes (w/photos) – 15
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 16-18
    Long Pacific War Seen by the OWI – 18
    Navy Speeds Production of Assault Ships and Landing Vessels for War against Japan – 18
    Books of the Times (by Francis Hackett, first-time contributor) – 19
  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:34:39 AM PDT · 5 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    This V-Mail was probably written at Hollandia in New Guinea, where the 32nd Division moved sometime after September 15 to prepare for the invasion of Leyte in the Philippines. General MacArthur now has his headquarters at Hollandia. It looks like Homer's father is going on furlough to Australia. I can't figure out what got censored at the end of the letter.

     photo 0928-600023_zps87fc32cb.jpg
  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:29:47 AM PDT · 4 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first of the following excerpts is continued from yesterday. The second is continued from August 18.

     photo 0928-600022_zps53ba017c.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:27:51 AM PDT · 3 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:26:50 AM PDT · 2 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • ARNHEM POCKET GIVEN UP, 2,000 GET OUT; GERMANS BEGIN QUITTING WEST HOLLAND (9/28/44)

    09/28/2014 4:26:11 AM PDT · 1 of 18
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:47:59 AM PDT · 7 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/27.htm

    September 27th, 1944 (THURSDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Whilst serving as an aircraft target ship, destroyer HMS Rockingham is mined in the North Sea SE of Aberdeen and taken in tow, but sinks in 56 29N 00 57W. There are no casualties. (Alex Gordon)(108) While returning to Aberdeen, poor navigation brought her into the defensive minefields off the east coast of the United Kingdom, and after striking a mine Rockingham was abandoned and sank with the loss of one life. USS Swasey (DD-273), commissioned as HMS Rockingham (G-58) on 26 Nov. 1940, part of the destroyers-for-bases deal. (Ron Babuka)

    STRATEGIC OPERATIONS: The US Eighth Air Force flies 2 missions.

    Mission 650: 1,192 bombers and 678 fighters, in 3 forces, are dispatched to hit industrial and transportation targets in western Germany and use PFF methods for all targets; 28 bombers and 2 fighters are lost.
    (1) 421 B-17s hit a secondary target (Cologne) and 10 others hit Blatzheim; escort is provided by 221 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 5-0-0 aircraft in the air.
    (2) B-17s bomb Ludwigshafen/Opau oil refinery (214) and Mainz (171); 4 others hit targets of opportunity; 2 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 212 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft in the air.
    (3) B-24s attack Kassel/Henschel aircraft plant (248); 35 also hit Gottingen; they claim 5-3-0 aircraft; 26 B-24s are lost; escort is provided by 207 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; they claim 25-0-6 aircraft in the air and 5-0-1 on the ground; 2 P-51s are lost.

    - Mission 651: 8 B-17s drop leaflets in France, the Netherlands and Germany during the night.

    - 163 B-24s on a TRUCKIN’ mission carry fuel to France.

    TACTICAL OPERATIONS: US Ninth Air Force fighters fly armed reconnaissance, cover US First and Third Army forces in western Germany and eastern France and later fly night patrols in Belgium, Luxembourg, and western German areas. In France, nearly 300 B-26s and A-20s abort missions due to weather; 8 manage to bomb a target at Foret de Parroy.

    NETHERLANDS: Arnhem: The last British and Polish troops trapped at Arnhem surrendered to the Germans yesterday after holding the bridgehead against overwhelming odds for nine days. For the last three days many of the men were without water and survived on rations cut to one-sixth. During heavy rainstorms they gathered water in their capes. When at last the men were ready to leave, they stood with heads bowed while the padre said a prayer.

    The order to abandon the operation was given by Montgomery on Monday, and the withdrawal south across the Rhine took place during the night of 25-26. Only 2,400 men out of more than 10,000 who took part in the operation got away in boats or by swimming across; 1,200 were killed and 6,642 have been taken prisoner. Allied HQ claims that 12,000 Germans were killed or wounded in the fighting.

    Allied casualties could have been higher. Major Richard Lonsdale out together a rearguard force of men who had been separated from their units. With this force, he defended the bridgehead perimeter to allow others to escape. Then, despite his wounds, he swam across the mile-wide river to the safety of the south bank, where a battalion of the Dorsetshire Regiment had arrived, having overcome tenacious German resistance all the way from Nijmegen, ten miles distant.

    Though the Allies failed to hold the Rhine crossing, Eisenhower reckons the operation was worthwhile; by securing the crossings of the Maas and the Waal it advanced the Allied front to Nijmegen and put the defence of Antwerp beyond doubt.

    Arnhem: Every survivor has a tale to tell of terror by day and night under a hurricane of fire from the Germans, and the deeds of bravery and self-sacrifice are legion. “Give us a few tanks,” they say, “and we’ll go back and finish the job.”

    “The Panzers were causing us a lot of trouble,” says Captain Bethune Taylor, from Cheltenham. “So a major went out with a Piat and took two on. Every time he put his head out the Panzers fired. But he set his Piat and bagged one.” Lance-Corporal John Stilwell, of Hackney Wick, came under attack from flame-throwers. “They got a man next to me. He screamed in agony. We made our way to the river. One man did wonders, keeping three Vickers going to keep the escape channel open.”

    BELGIUM: British Field Marshal Bernard L. Montgomery, General Officer Commanding 21st Army Group, orders Canadian General Henry Crerar, General Office Commanding First Canadian Army, to clear the Schelde, the navigable river running through Antwerp, as quickly as possible.

    During the day, 73 RAF Bomber Command Halifaxes fly petrol (gasoline) carrying flights from the U.K. to Melsbroek Airfield in Brussels.

    NETHERLANDS: German aircraft make large-scale but futile efforts to destroy Nijmegen bridges.

    FRANCE: The US XX Corps of the Third army begins attacks at Metz.

    In U.S. Third Army’s XX. Corps area, the 5th Infantry Division begins limited attacks against Fort Driant, the outer bastion of Metz barring the northern approach to the city; after ineffective aerial bombardment at low level. In the XII Corps area, massed German tanks again attempt to drive in 4th Armored Division’s salient, making main effort on the southern flank where they succeed in taking Hill 318, southeast of Arracourt, which commands road to Nancy; subsidiary thrusts at Bezange-la-Petite and Xanrey are largely contained. The 35th Infantry Division, holding the Fort de Grmecey salient, undergoes sharp counterattacks. German columns push toward Grmecey and Pettoncourt from Chambrey, reaching the latter. When reinforcements from the 35th Infantry Division arrive, the Germans fall back toward Chambrey. Other German forces make limited penetration into the northeastern edge of the forest after infiltrating from Fort de ChateauSalins, but most of lost ground is recovered.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command dispathces 341 aircraft, 222 Lancasters, 84 Halifaxes and 35 Mosquitos, to attack positions in the Calais area; 323 aircraft bombed. The target areas are covered by cloud but the Master Bomber brought the force below this to bomb visually. The attacks on the various German positions are accurate and only one Lancaster is lost.

    Allied HQ, FRANCE: The failure at Arnhem puts paid to hopes of ending the war this year, it also means that Montgomery has lost his battle for a single concentrated all-out drive into Germany. Eisenhower is back to his “broad front” strategy which the Americans have favoured all along.

    Too many corners were cut at Arnhem. To save aircraft, the paras made three separate drops over three days, and the Germans never felt the British 1st Airborne Division at full strength. Radio equipment was inadequate and communications failed. Intelligence reports of panzer units at Arnhem were not believed. Then the paras landed too far from the bridges and some had an eight-mile march.

    GERMANY: A female American flight nurse is among the five survivors of a C-47 Skytrain that is shot down by the Luftwaffe near Aachen. The Germans don’t know what to do with her but eventually send her to Stalag IXC where she works in the hospital. In February 1945 she is taken to Portuguese South Africa and placed on the Red Cross ship MS Grisholm for a prisoner exchange. She is later repatriated and eventually returns to duty at a stateside army hospital.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sends 175 aircraft, 96 Halifaxes, 71 Lancasters and eight Mosquitos, to attack the Ruhroel AG synthetic-oil plant in the Welheim suburb of Bottrop; 134 bombed the target and 21 bombed the city. The target is almost entirely cloud-covered and most of the bombing is aimed at Oboe skymarkers, although a few aircraft are able to bomb through small breaks in the cloud. Explosions and black smoke are seen. No aircraft lost. In another mission, 171 aircraft, 143 Halifaxes, 21 Lancasters and seven 7 Mosquitos, attempted to bomb the Sterkrade oil plant; only 28 aircraft bombed the main target, through thick cloud; 49 aircraft bombed alternative targets, most of them aiming at the approximate position of Duisburg. No aircraft are lost.

    During the night of 27/28 September, RAF Bomber Command sent 217 Lancasters and ten Mosquitos in the only major raid carried out by Bomber Command during the war on Kaiserslautern; 167 aircraft bombed the target and a Lancaster and a Mosquito are lost. Mosquito attacks during the night included 45 aircraft bombing Kassel, two bombed Aschaffenburg and two hitting Heilbronn.

    U-2335 and U-2510 commissioned.
    U-2333 laid down.
    U-2516 and U-3509 launched.

    FINLAND: The preliminary plan of starting an aggressive attack in Lapland was completed. Around that time, Siilasvuo decided of making an amphibious landing in Tornion, behind German lines.

    The plan was opposed by many in the Finnish GHQ, but Siilasvuo answered that he took orders only from the Marshall himself, who didn’t intervene. (Sami Korhonen)

    HUNGARY: Cluj is the scene of heavy fighting due to repeated German counterattacks.

    ESTONIA: The organized German resistance on mainland Estonia is over. The Soviets land on Vormsi Island west of Haapsalu.

    U.S.S.R.: Moscow: The Red Army is swiftly clearing Estonia of German troops as General Schorner conducts his skilful retreat through the Riga corridor to the comparative safety of Courland, the north-western part of Latvia where it bulges into the Baltic Sea. It remains to be seen how many men Schorner can get away as the Russians push through Latvia to seal off the corridor. With this manoeuvre the Russians are not only inflicting heavy casualties on the Germans but are also making sure that they will not be attacked from the rear when they open their inevitable assault on East Prussia.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Dalmatia: British troops have joined Yugoslav partisans on the Dalmatian islands and are poised to invade the Yugoslav mainland.

    Royal Navy coastal forces based on Vis, the outermost of the islands, are dominating coastal traffic. British commandos are also using Vis as a base to establish artillery positions on the island of Brac from which to attack German supply lines and prevent German patrol boats from putting to sea.

    Fierce battles are also taking place in Albania to the south where the German garrison has been ordered to protect the single railway line bringing escaping troops from Greece.

    ITALY: In U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, The South African 6th Armoured Division column, moving along Highway 64, reaches Collina. In II Corps area, the 85th Infantry Division reaches the crest of Torre Poggioli and clears Sambuco. In the British Eighth Army’s V Corps area, the Canadian I Corps issues instructions for future action of troops upon relief, scheduled to begin on 29 September, by the Polish II Corps. It is subsequently decided to employ the Polish II Corps in another sector and keep the Canadian I Corps in cthe oastal zone. Forward elements of corps are approaching the Fiumicino River. St. Mauro di Romagna and La Torre are cleared of Germans.

    During the night of 26/27 September, US Twelfth Air Force A-20s bomb motor transport in the Po Valley; during the day bad weather cancels medium bomber operations and restricts the XII Fighter Command; yet fighter-bombers effectively support the US Fifth Army, especially on Monte Oggioli, blasting defensive positions, troop concentrations, roads, and motor transport, and cutting rail lines between Parma and Piacenza.

    GREECE: German forces of Heeresgruppe E evacuate western Greece.

    BURMA: 13 US Tenth Air Force P-47s bomb the area near Katba; 30 P-47s in 5 flights hit ammunition stores and the town area of Myothit, and attack Sinkin, Bhamo, and Ma-ubin; 7 other P-47s damage the approaches to a railroad bridge at Nansiaung, 7 more hit a bivouac area at Pinwe, and 7 B-25s pound Hsenwi. 10 B-24s fly fuel to Liuchow and Yungning, China. C-47 Skytrains fly 200+ sorties to various points in CBI.

    CHINA: 40+ P-40s and P-51s of the US Fourteenth Air Force on armed reconnaissance attack communications targets, river shipping, buildings, and troops in the Kiyang, Lungfukwan, Sungpai, Chuanhsien, Lingling, Paishui, and Paoching areas.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: The 6,374 ton Japanese transport ship SS Ural Maru is torpedoed and sunk by the American submarine USS Flasher (SS-249) about 223 nautical miles (413 kilometers) west-northwest of Manila, Luzon, Philippine Islands, in position 15.40N, 117.18E. About 2,000 of the 2,340 people on board are drowned.

    CENTRAL PACIFIC: 14 Marshall Islands based B-24s strike Truk Island.

    MARIANA ISLANDS: Saipan Island-based P-47 Thunderbolts of the USAAF Seventh Air Force bomb and strafe Pagan Island.

    MARCUS ISLAND: Two USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators on armed reconnaissance bomb Marcus Island. The island is located in the North Pacific about 768 nautical miles (1 422 kilometers) west-northwest of Wake Island and is used as a refueling point for Japanese aircraft en route to the Central Pacific.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: Two US submarines, USS Narwhal (SS-167) and USS Stingray (SS-186) land supplies and personnel on Mindanao.

    SOUTH PACIFIC: Guided missiles are used in the Pacific as Special Task Air Group One (STAG-1), from its base on Stirling Island in the Treasury Islands, begins a combat demonstration of the Interstate TDR assault drone. The drones had been delivered to the Russell Islands by surface ships and flown 45 miles (72 km) to bases in the Northern Solomons where they were stripped for pilotless flight and armed with bombs of up to 2,000 pounds (907 kg). For combat against heavily defended targets, a control operator in an accompanying TBM Avenger guided the drone by readio and directed the final assault by means of a picture received from a television camers mounted in the drone. In the initial attack, against AA emplacements in a beached merchant ship defending Kahili Airfield on South Bougainville, 2 out of 4 TDRs hit the target ship.

    EAST INDIES: US Far East Air Force B-24s bomb Menado personnel and supply areas on Celebes Island. B-25s attack oil tanks at Boela, Ceram Island and hit Old Namba Airfield on Buru Island.

    NEW GUINEA: In Dutch New Guinea, USAAF Fifth Air Force P-40s attack the Kokas supply area, the Ransiki (Moemi North) and Waren Aerodromes and shipping in the Vogelkop Peninsula area.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: On Peleliu Island in the Palau Islands, the American flag is raised at the 1st Marine Division Command Post. Although the flag raising symbolizes that the island is secured, pockets of determined Japanese defenders continued to fight on. As late as 21 April 1947, 27 Japanese holdouts finally surrendered to the American naval commander on the scene. Meanwhile, elements of the 321st Infantry Regiment begin an attack on the north side of the Umurbrogol Pocket, which the 7th Marine Regiment is helping to contain, and meet intense Japanese fire. The 1st Battalion drives north, clearing Kamilianlul Mt with ease and making contact with 5th Marine Regiment at the junction of the East and West Roads. Some elements of 5th Marine Regiment continue clearing resistance on Amiangal Mt, while others push to the end of the island, Akarakaro Point. On Angaur Island, the 322d Infantry Regiment surrounds the Lake Salome bowl and gains positions along the inside of it. Methodical elimination of doomed Japanese there ensues.

    Fourteen USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators strike Truk Atoll. .

    CANADA: Defence Minister James Layton Ralston leaves Montreal, Quebec, on a flight to Europe to check reports of Canadian infantry shortages.

    Repair ship HMS Beachy Head launched Vancouver, British Columbia.
    HMC ML 127 commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Evangelist and faith healer Aimee Semple McPherson dies of an accidental overdose of sleeping pills in Oakland, California. She was 53.

    Minesweeper USS Prowess commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-546 was commissioned at Los Angeles with LTJG C.A. Brown, USCGR, as her first commanding officer. He was succeeded by LT Charles L. King, USCGR, who in turn was succeeded in October 1945 by LTJG Richard Herpers, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Leyte, etc.

  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:46:18 AM PDT · 6 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/sep44/27sep44.htm#

    Americans attacking Metz
    Wednesday, September 27, 1944 www.onwar.com

    A breach view of 2 destroyed US tanks before Metz [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... The US 20th Corps (part of US 3rd Army) begins attacks on the outer defenses of the fortress town of Metz. Meanwhile, the British 2nd Army achieves limited advances south of Arnhem in the Netherlands.

    Over Germany... British bombers target railway marshalling yards east of the Rhine River.

    On the Eastern Front... In Estonia, Soviet forces have eliminated most German resistance. The Soviet 2nd and 3rd Belorussian Fronts make an unsuccessful attempt to storm the German Sigulda Line, north of Riga. Meanwhile, Soviet forces land on Vormsi Island, west of Haapsula. In Hungary, there is heavy fighting around Cluj as German forces counterattack.

    In Sweden... Ports are closed to German shipping.

  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:44:46 AM PDT · 5 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Silence on Arnhem (Daniel) – 2-3
    Germans Captured by Sky Troops in Holland (photo) – 3
    Reinforcements Go In and Soldiers Come Out of the Front in Holland (photos) – 4
    German Stand on Rhine through Winter Held Likely (Middleton) – 5
    War News Summarized – 5
    She Had a Kick Coming (photo) – 6
    Nazis Yielding City – 6-7
    Red Army Warned to Shun ‘Glitter’ in Its Travels in Capitalist World (Lawrence) – 7-8
    Veil of Mystery Lifted from Bor – 8
    Rubicon Crossed by Eighth Army * (Matthews, Sedgwick) – 9
    Bombers Again Hit Nazi Supply Zone – 10
    Churchill Insists Nazis Must Atone (Daniell) – 10
    Palau Foe in Trap; B-29’s Hit in North (by Robert Trumbull) – 11
    Big Force of B-29’s on ‘Mop-Up’ Mission (by Frederick R. Barkley) – 11
    Our Navy Airmen Return to the Philippines with a Vengeance (photo) – 12
    Many Americans Get British Honors – 14
    Roosevelt on New Plane (by Arthur Krock) – 14
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 15-17
    Swamped Luftwaffe Fights On (by Hanson W. Baldwin) – 17

    * Headline writer happy.

  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:43:39 AM PDT · 4 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from yesterday.

     photo 0927-silence19_zpsbadde26b.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:42:48 AM PDT · 3 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:42:05 AM PDT · 2 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 6th and 12th Army Group Operations, 15 September-7 November 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1944: 21st Army Group Operations, 15 September-15 December 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH WIDEN SALIENT, BIG PLANES LAND AID; FOUR RUSSIAN ARMIES ARE CONVERGING ON RIGA (9/27/44)

    09/27/2014 5:41:29 AM PDT · 1 of 12
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • NAZIS DENT SALIENT, BRITISH DRIVE THEM BACK; EISENHOWER ASKS ALIENS IN REICH TO ACT NOW (9/26/44)

    09/26/2014 4:19:39 AM PDT · 8 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/8/26.htm

    September 26th, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    FRANCE: In the U.S. Third Army’s XX Corps area, Major General Walton Walker orders a limited attack on Fort Driant to begin on 27 September, regardless of weather. The U.S. XIX Tactical Air Command begins daily attacks on the Metz forts. The 3d Battalion, 359th Infantry, 90th Infantry Division, makes a limited attack to clear road between Gravelotte and St Hubert’s Farm in preparation for a large-scale attack. In the XII Corps area, the 4th Armored Division slightly reduces its mail line of resistance on the right flank of the corps in order to improve defensive positions, and the enemy quickly moves into Juvelize and Coincourt without opposition. Both divisions makes a vain effort to close up to the Seille River line in a limited attack against well-dug-in enemy: elements of the 318th Infantry attempt unsuccessfully to take Mt St Jean while the 317th Infantry force makes a futile effort to push into Moivron. The 35th Infantry Division completes the relief of the 6th Armored Division in the Foret de Gremecey area, the6th Armored Division becoming corps reserve, although Combat Command B is still linking the 80th and 35th Infantry Divisions in the Leyr corridor. The enemy begins a series of attacks to regain Foret de Gremecey in the evening, driving in the 35th Infantry Division’s outposts.

    In the air, 165 USAAF Eighth Air Force B-24s fly a TRUCKIN’ mission carrying fuel to France. The USAAF Ninth Air Force tactical fighters support the US First Army in the Bonn area and cuts rail lines west of the Rhine River and hits fortifications near Metz.

    During the day, RAF Bomber Command sent 722 aircraft, 388 Lancasters, 289 Halifaxes and 45 Mosquitos, to carry out two separate raids in the Calais area. The first targets are four tactical targets at Cap Gris Nez which is hit by 516 aircraft; the second targets are three tactical targets near Callais; they are attacked by 183 aircraft. Accurate and concentrated bombing is observed at all targets.

    NETHERLANDS: In the British Second Army’s I Airborne Corps area, daylight halts withdrawal of the 1st Airborne Division; about 300 remain on north bank of the Neder Rijn; some of these later escape southward. Those who attempted to seize and secure the “Bridge Too Far,” members of the British 1st Airborne Division, withdrew from their last positions, vicinity of Oosterbeek, west of Arnhem, to the south bank of the Lower Rhine. The British had taken 10,095 men north of the river; 2,490 came back. In the next month the 506th Parachute Infantry would bring back a few more of their airborne comrades. (Jay Stone)
    Although MARKET-GARDEN has not accomplished the major objectives of gaining a bridgehead beyond the Neder Rijn, outflanking the West Wall, securing positions from which to attack the Ruhr, or bringing about the collapse of the enemy in this area, it has gained valuable ground and improved the Allied positions. Both U.S. Infantry Divisions are still badly needed. The 101st Airborne Division front is stabilized as engineers remove mines and reopen the St Oedenrode-Veghel road.

    The British XXX Corps captures Turnhout, Belgium and Oss, Holland as part of its consolidation.

    In the air during the day, 74 RAF Bomber Command Halifaxes fly petrol (gasoline) carrying flights from the U.K. to Melsbroek Airfield in Brussels.

    In the air, 320 USAAF Eighth and Ninth Air Force P-38s (Ninth Air Force), P-47s and P-51s support the First Allied Airborne Army in the Netherlands; they claim 32-1-8 aircraft in the air; 1 P-38 is lost.

    GERMANY: In the U.S. First Army’s VII Corps area, to ease pressure on the weak battalion of the 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division, in the Huertgen Forest, the 60th Infantry commander moves two Battalions, an attached battalion of 39th Infantry and his reserve Battalion, southward from the contested ridge to cut Lammersdorf-Huertgen highway at its junction with the road leading northwest to Zweifall.

    In the air, the USAAF Eighth Air Force flies Mission 648: 1,159 bombers and 432 fighters are dispatched to hit rail targets and armored vehicle factories in western Germany; 9 bombers and 2 fighters are lost: (1) 383 B-17s, escorted by 134 P-51s, bomb the marshalling yard and steel industry at Osnabruck; other targets hit are Rheine Airfield and Hesepe Airfields: 2 B-17s are lost; (2) 274 B-24s, escorted by 138 P-51s, bomb the marshalling yard at Hamm and 1 hits Liesborn; 3 B-24s and a P-51 are lost; (3) 381 B-17s, escorted by 133 P-51s, bomb the armored vehicle factories at Bremen and 13 bomb Bremerhaven; 4 B-17s and a P-51 are lost.

    During the night of 26/27 September, RAF Bomber Command attacks four targets. The first is Karlsruhe; 222 of the 226 Lancasters and 11 Mosquitos sent hit the target with the loss of two Lancasters. Bomber Command claimed a concentrated attack, with a large area of the city devastated. In the second raid, 50 Mosquitos are sent to Frankfurt; 46 bombed the city and three attack an oil storage facility. The third target is the Meerbeck synthetic oil refinery at Homberg which is bombed by six Mosquitos.

    U-3021 laid down.
    U-2508 commissioned.

    POLAND: Auschwitz-Birkenau: Dr. Josef Mengele presides over a “selection” of a thousand children, fixing a board to a post and sending all who fail to reach it straight to the gas chambers.

    The Germans recapture the Mokotow district of Warsaw.

    ESTONIA: Soviet forces occupy Estonia.

    YUGOSLAVIA: Eighty four aircraft of RAF No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb the railroad viaduct at Borovnica without loss.

    ITALY: During a meeting at General Sir Henry Wilson’s headquarters at Caserta, an agreement between the exiled Greek government and various guerrilla leaders is reached. The arrangements call for the orderly reoccupation of Greece with British Lieutenant General R.M. Scobie controlling all guerrilla forces operating within the country. Security battalions, i.e., political police formed to eliminate ELAS bands (the Communist Hellenic People’s Army), are outlawed.

    This staves off a threat of a Greek civil war.

    With German withdrawal from Greece seemingly imminent, the danger of a clash between the extreme left-wing ELAS party and the neo-fascist EDES appeared inevitable. ELAS is well-armed and disciplined, and the possibility that Greece might fall under the Soviet mantle after the war is causing Churchill grave concern. The conference was called by General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied commander Mediterranean. The ELAS commander General Safaris and General Zervas of EDES have agreed to serve under the exiled premier, George Papandreou, on his return.

    It is a fragile truce, however. Both antagonists have laid claim to large areas of Greece, and they have had three years in which to prepare for civil war.

    Rimini: Like Caesar’s legions before it, the British Eighth Army crossed the Rubicon river today - this time in the opposite direction. The Allies are fighting hard on the flanks of the bridgehead opened on the Gothic Line, threatening to break out on the northern plains in full force along the eastern flank of the Apennines. General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, the Allied Mediterranean C-in-C, has sent congratulations to the Allied armies, “I hope that the crossing of the Rubicon will lead, as with a famous commander in the past, to a decisive victory and the destruction of Kesselring’s army,” he wrote.

    In the British Eighth Army’s 5 Corps area, the Indian 4th Division establishes a bridgehead across the Uso River in the vicinity of Cornacchiara but meets firm resistance from the heights beyond when trying to expand the bridgehead. The 46th Division crosses additional elements over the Uso and secures Canonica. The 56th Division advances along Highway 9 from San Arcangelo to positions about halfway to Savignano. In the Canadian I Corps area, the Canadian 5th Armored Division enlarges their bridgehead across the Uso. A brigade of the New Zealand 2d Division reaches the Uso in the coastal sector. The Greek 3d Mountain Brigade Group is attached to the New Zealand 2d Division and takes up positions on right flank.

    Stresa: US advisers parachute down to set up an intelligence network for the Italian partisans.

    In the U.S. Fifth Army’s IV Corps area, Task Force 92 begins their advance along the Serchio valley north of Pescia. Continuing along Highway 6620 on the right flank, elements of the South African 6th Armoured Division reach the slopes of Mt. Gatta. The division halts the advance of the 24th Guards Brigade up Highway 66 northwest of Pistoia but continues up Highway 64 with the 12th Motorized Brigade. In the II Corps area, the 34th Infantry Division meets strong opposition in the Bruscoli-Gambellate Creek area. The 91st Infantry Division, with the capture of Mt. Freddi, is ready to attack Mt. Oggioli. The 85th Infantry Division again attacks unsuccessfully toward Torre Poggioli, employing the 1st Battalions of the 338th and 339th Regiments; the 2d Battalion of the 338th tries in vain to take Sambuco; the 3d Battalion, 339th, seizes Montarello. The 88th Infantry Division takes Mt. Pratolungo on the left, pushes toward Castel del Rio in the center, and on the right takes Mt. del Puntale. The 1st Armored Division, less Combat Command B, is gradually being committed to protect the exposed right flank of the corps. In the British 13 Corps area, the 1st Division continues a futile frontal assault on Mt. Gamberaldi and at night begins moving elements toward Mt. Toncone in an effort to outflank the enemy. The Indian 8th Division suspends their attack on Mt. di Castelnuovo. On the right flank of the corps, the 6th Armored Division’s 61st Brigade drives along Route 67 to Bucconi without opposition.

    During the night of 25/26 September, USAAF Twelfth Air Force A-20 Havocs bomb targets of opportunity in the Po Valley; throughout the day B-25s and B-26s pound rail and road bridges in the eastern and northwestern parts of the Po Valley while fighter-bombers and fighters of the XII Fighter Command attack road nets, rails, motor transport, and supply points at many locations in the valley.

    CHINA: The Japanese capture Tanchuk and the airfield located there.
    USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 flights hit fuel storage at Chefang and repair shops at Wanting; 9 B-25s attack troop concentrations and stores in Hinlong; and 19 B-24s haul fuel to Liuchow, Yangtong, and Yungning. Twelve Fourteenth Air Force B-25s bomb Lungfukwan and Mangshih while several P-40s hit targets of opportunity in same areas; about 50 P-40s and P-51s continue armed reconnaissance over the vast inland areas of southern China, attacking troops, buildings, and other targets of opportunity.
    In the air, 83 USAAF Twentieth Air Force B-29s, staging from Chengtu, bomb Anshan most of them striking the Showa Steel Works with poor results; 15 others bomb Dairen, Sinsiang, and various targets of opportunity; during the night of 26/27 September, Japanese aircraft bomb the Chengtu area, damaging 5 B-29s; this attack along with the one on 8 September set the pattern for Japanese raids which usually follow B-29 missions and continue until 19 December but are of light nature and annoying rather than seriously damaging.

    BURMA: Two USAAF Tenth Air Force P-47 Thunderbolt flights hit targets in the Bhamo-Myothit area, including Sinkin, Momauk, and Nanhlaing; 3 other flights hit targets in the Pinwe-Mawlu area, including the town of Nyaungbintha; 20+ P-47s in 2 flights hit Tingka.

    THAILAND: Six USAAF Fourteenth Air Force B-25s and 4 P-38s attack and slightly damage the Dara bridge and destroy road machinery nearby.

    JAPAN: A USAAF Eleventh Air Force B-24 flies weather reconnaissance; later 4 B-24s radar-bomb Suribachi Airfield on Paramushiru Island in the Kurile Islands.

    U-532 reached the Japanese Navy base at Kobe, where the boat was to be stationed for the next ten weeks.

    PALAU ISLANDS: On Peleliu, the 321st Infantry and the 5th Marines each cut across the west arm of Peleliu, capturing Hill 120 forming two pockets of Japanese. The 2d Battalion, 321st, completes clearing the 321st Infantry trail, cutting off the enemy to south in the Umurbrogol Mountains. The 3d Battalion, 5th Marines, pushes across the peninsula to the north, isolating enemy on Amiangal Mountain, at the north tip. Other elements of 5th Marines drive north along the west coast almost to the tip of the island.
    On Angaur, the 322d Infantry gains a foothold in the northern part of the Lake Salome bowl and clears positions along the southeastern rim.

    USAAF Seventh Air Force B-25 Mitchells from the Gilbert Islands bomb Nauru Island. Nauru Island is a 21 square kilometer (8 square mile) island in the South Pacific Ocean, located about halfway between the Gilbert and Solomon Islands. The island is rich in phosphate deposits and is occupied by the Japanese on 25 August 1942.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-25s from the Gilbert Islands bomb Nauru Island.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: In the North Pacific, two USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan on armed reconnaissance bomb Marcus Island.
    USN vessels sink three Japanese ships: (1) destroyer escort USS McCoy Reynolds (DE-440) sinks submarine HIJMS I-175 northeast of the Palau Islands; (2) submarine USS Pargo (SS-264) sinks a minelayer off Borneo; and (3) submarine USS Thresher (SS-200) sinks a merchant cargo ship Koetsu Maru in the Yellow Sea.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: During the night of 26/27 September, another USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 snooper bombs Iwo Jima.

    NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES: USAAF Far East Air Forces B-25s bomb Maumere Bay, Flores Island, Lesser Sunda Islands. B-25s and B-24s bomb Liang Airfield on Ambon Island and Kendari Airfield on Celebes Island.

    NEW GUINEA: USAAF Far East Air Forces P-40s attack Kokas.

    WAKE ISLAND: During the night of 26/27 September, USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24s from the Marshall Islands hit Wake Island.

    Japanese submarine HIJMS I-175 is sunk north of the Palau Islands at position 9.14N 136.40E byUSNdestroyer escort USS McCoy Reynolds (DE-440).

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Sea Cliff commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Minesweeper USS Scooter launched.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: The German submarine U-871 is sunk northwest of the Azores, in position 43.18N, 36.28W, by depth charges from an RAF Fortress of No 220 Squadron based at Lagens in the Azores. All hands, 69 men, on the U-boat are lost.

  • NAZIS DENT SALIENT, BRITISH DRIVE THEM BACK; EISENHOWER ASKS ALIENS IN REICH TO ACT NOW (9/26/44)

    09/26/2014 4:17:55 AM PDT · 7 of 44
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/sep44/26sep44.htm#

    British cross the Rubicon
    Tuesday, September 26, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Italy... Elements of the British 8th Army cross the Uso River (known in ancient times as the Rubicon River).

    In Caserta... In liberated Italy, the Greek government in exile concludes an agreement with various guerrilla leaders who acknowledge its authority. Greek resistance groups and political factions agree to accept orders from the Allied Supreme Commander in the Mediterranean and from Lieutenant General Scobie, who was appointed by General Wilson to supervise the talks.

    On the Western Front... Allied forces continue to attack in Belgium and Holland. Forces of the British 2nd Army capture Turnhout, midway between Antwerp and Eindhoven, and Oss, west of Grave, as the advance of British 30th Corps is consolidated.

    In Britain... German cross-Channel guns carry out a heavy bombardment of Dover. One shell strikes a hostel, killing 49.

    Over Occupied France... About 3500 tons of bombs are dropped on the German coastal batteries in Calais and Cap Gris Nez by the RAF.