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Posts by Homer_J_Simpson

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  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:35:37 AM PDT · 8 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    U.S. Tanks Race On (Middleton) – 2-3
    De Gaulle Pledges Revived Republic – 3-4
    Americans Shut Rhone Trap; French Drive toward Spain – 4
    Destruction of German Armies in France Proceeds Apace (map) – 5
    Patton’s Rushing Men Give Salute at Chateau-Thierry, Belleau Wood – 6
    British Troops Push on Robot-Bomb Area – 6
    Canadians Speed over Seine Spans (MacDonald) – 7
    English Coast Shaken by Blast, Heaviest of War, from France – 7
    Churchill Home from Italian Trip (Anderson) – 7
    History Repeats: The Headlines of Yesteryear Tell the Story of Today (reproductions) – 8
    Rumania Engulfed – 9-10
    Sofia Says Troops are Withdrawing – 10
    Polish Home Army Wins ‘Combat’ Status as U.S., Britain Warn Nazis on Reprisals – 10
    Nazi Mass Killing Laid Bare in Camp (Lawrence) – 11-12
    Peak U.S. Air Blow Rips Amboina Base – 12
    French Reconstruction (Baldwin) – 13
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 14-16
    War News Summarized – 16
    Lovett Predicts Scrapping of Planes; Stresses Need to Keep Air Force Strong – 16
  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:33:51 AM PDT · 7 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    At this time I received some pregnant messages from Smuts, now back at the Cape. He had always agreed wholeheartedly with my views on “Dragoon”, “but,” he now wrote (August 30) “please do not let strategy absorb all your attention to the damage of the greater issue now looming up.

    From now on it would be wise to keep a very close eye on all matters bearing on the future settlement of Europe. This is the crucial issue on which the future of the world for generations will depend. In its solution your vision, experience, and great influence may prove a main factor.” *

    * My italics.-W.S.C.

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:31:45 AM PDT · 6 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from August 28.

     photo 0830-ustanks18_zpsfed88b3a.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:31:00 AM PDT · 5 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:30:28 AM PDT · 4 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1940: Pursuit to West Wall – Operations, 26 August-14 September 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Palaus and Morotai, 30 July-17 September 1944 and Air Attacks on the Philippines, 7-22 September 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:29:50 AM PDT · 3 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/30.htm

    August 30th, 1944 (WEDNESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: The US Eighth Air Force in England flies 3 missions. (The number in parenthesis after a target name indicates the number of bombers attacking.)

    - Mission 590: 107 B-17s and 108 B-24s bomb 8 V-weapon sites in the Pas de Calais area of France; one wing uses GH and H2X methods; escort is provided by 16 P-51 Mustangs without loss.

    - Mission 591: Later in the day, B-17s attack the U-boat base and shipyards at Kiel (282), and aircraft plant and other industry in the Bremen area (327); 4 others hit targets of opportunity; escort is provided by 258 P-51s without loss.

    - Mission 592: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and Belgium during the night.

    The prototype Short Seaford (MZ 269), a development of the Sunderland flying-boat makes its maiden flight today. (22)

    Corvette HMS Strathroy launched.

    FRANCE: General de Gaulle’s Provisional French Government is established in Paris.
    Paris: The Free French General Pierre Koenig today took over from an American general as military governor of Paris at Les Invalides. The city had been under American military government since the US 4th Division entered the city along with General Leclerc’s French troops on 25 August. General Koenig said he plans to put some of the French Forces of the Interior FFI Resistance fighters (FFI) into uniform. His priority, he added, is to restore law and order.

    Veauvais falls to the British XXX Corps.

    The Canadian 2nd Division captures Rouen after suffering heavy casualties. The British XII Corps advances 25 miles (40 kilometres) to Gournay. The U.S. XIX Corps drives rapidly northeast against light resistance reaching positions less than 10 miles (16 kilometres) from Beauvais while the VII Corps captures Laon. Elements of the U.S. Third Army continue their assault on Brest while other units drives east toward the Meuse River and towards Verdun.

    In northern FRANCE, about 75 US Ninth Air Force A-20 Havocs and B-26s bomb a fuel dump near Arques-la-Bataille, Rouxmesnil-Bouteilles, and gun positions around Ile de Cezembre; weather grounds the fighters.

    In southern FRANCE and ITALY, weather grounds US Twelfth Air Force medium bombers; A-20s hit targets of opportunity during the night of 29/30 August and fuel storage while fighter-bombers pound roads and railroads in the Po Valley in Italy and, on armed reconnaissance over the Rhone Valley in France, attack rail lines and motor and horse drawn vehicles, as US Seventh Army elements continue up the Rhone Valley toward Lyon.

    GERMANY: SS General Kammler takes over responsibility for the A4 offensive, from General Heinemann’s LXV Army Korps. (Alex Gordon)

    Following a failed suicide attempt, General Karl-Heinrich von Stulpnagel, the military governor of France implicated in the 20 July plot, is hanged.

    U-3004 commissioned.

    POLAND: Lublin: The first war memorial of the conflict is unveiled, dedicated to the unknown Soviet soldier.

    ITALY: Allied commander Harold Alexander plans a bluff to crack the Germans’ Gothic Line and liberate northern Italy. Alexander begins with an attack on the eastern end of the Gothic Line. Next week, Americans will attack the western end in an apparent main assault. The British will then make a second attack in the east. Alexander’s three-punch strategy will be a partial success.
    The British 8th Army begins attacks on the Gothic Line.
    The 5th Canadian Armoured Division under Major General Bert Hoffmeister breaks through the Gothic Line south of Rimini on the Adriatic.

    Field Marshal Kesselring, a master of defensive strategy, has assured Hitler that the Gothic Line is impregnable. His boast is about to be put to the test: today the British V and Canadian I Corps, supported by air attacks on the minefields, crossed the Foglia river and, despite heavy casualties, began to attack the defensive position which the Germans believe to be equal to that of Cassino.

    Houses have been razed, trees felled and vineyards bulldozed to create killing grounds for a great rash of concrete machine-gun nests, each carefully sited to protect its neighbour. Artillery posts have been blasted into the Apennine rock, and deep minefields planted from the Adriatic in the east to the distant Ligurian Sea.

    The US Fifteenth Air Force in ITALY sends 100+ B-24s and B-17s to hit targets in Yugoslavia; the B-17s bomb railroad bridges at Novi Sad and Vranjeco; the B-24s attack bridges at Cuprija. Nearly 100 P-51s strafe airfields at Kecskemet, Hungary and Oradea, Romania.

    ROMANIA : Ploesti falls to the Russians. Most of the Romanian oilfields are now in the hands of the Russians.
    The Germans must now rely entirely on their much-bombed synthetic oil factories. Ploesti produces five million tons of crude oil a year, refined on the spot and sent to Germany by rail and by barges on the Danube. It has been the target for continual raids by the US Fifteenth Army Air Force flying from Italy. The bombers faced tough opposition, and many aircraft and their crews have been lost, but their attacks cut the refineries’ output to two million tons, and RAF mining of the Danube prevented much of that from reaching Germany.

    USAAF OPERATIONS IN THE CHINA-BURMA-INDIA THEATER OF OPERATIONS

    BURMA: TENTH AIR FORCE: Several P-47 Thunderbolts bomb and strafe the town of Man Sai.

    CHINA: FOURTEENTH AIR FORCE: B-25 Mitchells attack Hengyang, Pailochi, and Hankow Airfields, roads in the Nanyo and Changsha areas, and boats between Changsha and Hengyang, and Kichun and Wuhsueh; in the Kweiyi and Sintsiang areas 33 P-40s claim 58 trucks destroyed, 175 damaged, and at least 100 Japanese killed; 10 P-51 Mustangs hit scattered targets of opportunity in the same areas; 21 P-40s hit barracks, trucks, and a bridge in the Siangsiang and Siangtan region; and 34 P-40s and P-51s attack a variety of targets, including railroad traffic and facilities, occupied areas, and trucks, at Yangtien, between Hengshan and Nanyo, northeast of Ichang, southwest of Hengshan, and near Hengyang.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: A USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberator on armed reconnaissance from the Mariana Islands bombs Yap Island In the Palau Islands, Koror and Malakal Islands are bombed by USAAF Fifth and Thirteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators.

    MARSHAL ISLANDS: US Seventh Air Force Kwajalein Atoll-based B-24s hit Mille Atoll.

    PALAU ISLANDS: Koror and Malakal Islands are pounded by US Far East Air Force B-24s.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: US submarine USS Narwhal (SS-167) lands 10-tons of supplies, 2 Filipino officers and 18 men in Dubut Bay in eastern Luzon.

    CANADA: Premier Maurice Duplessis’ Union Nationale Party returns to power in Quebec.

    Corvette HMCS Fergus launched Collingwood, Ontario.
    Frigate HMCS Lauzon commissioned.
    Corvette HMCS Parry Sound commissioned.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer escort USS Muir commissioned.
    Minesweeper USS Specter commissioned.
    Submarine USS Threadfin commissioned.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-194 was commissioned at New Orleans. The first commanding officer was LTJG C. J. Hanks, USCGR. He was succeeded on 9 November 1945, by LT H. S. Squires, USCG. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area including Milne Bay, Segond Channel, Espiritu Santo, etc.

    BRAZIL: A Panair do Brasil Lockheed Model 18-10 Lodestar, msn 18-2114, registered PP-PBI, crashes at Sao Paulo in fog killing all 16 aboard.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-548 - One man was missing after crash-diving. [Mechanikergefreiter (A) Walter Heise]
    U-482 sank SS Jacksonville in Convoy CU-36.

  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:27:51 AM PDT · 2 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/30aug44.htm#

    British attack the Gothic Line
    Wednesday, August 30, 1944 www.onwar.com

    British 8th Army moves to attack the Gothic Line [photo at link]

    In Italy... The British 8th Army begins attacks on the German-held Gothic Line. The British 5th Corps spearheads the attack with support from elements of the Canadian 1st Corps. The Polish 2nd Corps is engaged on the coast at Pesaro.

    On the Western Front... The US 12th Army Group and the British 21st Army Group continue to advance. The British 30th Corps (part of British 2nd Army) captures Beauvais.

    In Liberated France... The French Provisional Government of General de Gaulle is established in Paris.

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces capture Ploesti. Most of the Romanian oilfields have been captured by this point.

  • AMERICANS TAKE SOISSONS, MOVE ON REIMS; SEIZE VITRY, 100 MILES FROM REICH BORDER (8/30/44)

    08/30/2014 4:26:34 AM PDT · 1 of 22
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:26:31 AM PDT · 7 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/29.htm

    August 29th, 1944 (TUESDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Minesweeper HMS Golden Fleece commissioned.

    Two British Overseas Airlines (BOAC) aircraft crash:

    - In SWEDEN, Lockheed C-60A-5-LO, msn 18-2491, registered G-AGIH, crashes at Kinnekulle; 4 of 8 aboard survive.

    - A de Havilland DH 98 FB Mk VI, registered G-AGKR, crashes in the NORTH SEA.

    NORTH SEA: Lt (P) Robert Hampton “Hammy” Gray RCNVR, led a flight of F4U Corsair aircraft in a deadly low-level strafing attack against 3 Narvik-class destroyers. Although his aircraft took a direct hit and lost most of his rudder Gray flew back to his carrier HMS Formidable. Upon arrival orbiting the ship for 45 minutes rather the disrupt landing ops. He was recovered onboard safely. Once Operations Neptune and Overlord had established the Normandy beachheads, naval air power was re-tasked to other targets. Because the cross-channel logistical situation was still very tenuous, enemy offensive capability, such as their large Narvik-class destroyers, merited special attention. Although they were not sunk, the air attacks kept enemy surface naval units engaged elsewhere and denied them access to the area of primary concern. In this way, a sea denial operation in one region reinforced a sea control campaign in another area.

    FRANCE: Soissons is liberated when the US VII Corps crosses the Aisne River. The US 3rd Army liberates Reims and Chalon-sur-Marne.

    The 15,000 men of the U.S. 28th Infantry Division parade down the Champs Elysées in Paris at the request of Charles de Gaulle. Due to the extensive barricading of streets in the city, the parade serves the dual purpose of moving the 28th Division through Paris, and toward combat positions east of the city. For the first time in US military history, soldiers marched straight from a parade, into combat within 24 hours.

    Meanwhile, the U.S. 5th Infantry Division captures Reims while the assault on Brest continues against unabated resistance. Bad weather allows only minimum bomber and fighter operations by the USAAF Ninth Air Force; B-26 Marauders attack a fuel dump while a few fighters fly sweeps over northwestern France; 100+ C-47 Skytrains complete supply and evacuation missions.
    In southern France, organized German resistance at Loriol and Livron ends. In the air, USAAF Twelfth Air Force fighters attack targets in the Rhone Valley. U.S. Marine Corps detachments from the heavy cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) and light cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) accept the surrender of two German-held islands in Marseilles Harbor and disarm the garrisons.

    U.S. Marine Corps detachments from the heavy cruiser USS Augusta (CA-31) and light cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) accept the surrender of two German-held islands in Marseilles Harbor and disarm the garrisons.

    In northern FRANCE, bad weather allows only minimum bomber and fighter operations by the US Ninth Air Force; B-26s attack 1 fuel dump while a few fighters fly sweeps over northwestern France; 100+ C-47 Skytrains complete supply and evacuation missions.

    In EUROPE, bad weather restricts US Eighth Air Force bomber operations. 104 P-38 Lightnings and P-47 Thunderbolts attack transportation targets in France, Belgium and Germany; 2 airfields, 3 marshalling yards, rail lines at several points, and a large number of rail and road vehicles are attacked; they claim 20-0-7 aircraft on the ground; 3 P-47s are lost.

    GERMANY: Rastenburg: Hitler orders extra fortifications on the North Sea coast between Denmark and the Netherlands.

    U-2510 is commissioned. U-2342 is laid down.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Prague: Partisans fighting the Germans in Slovakia, the eastern part of pre-war Czechoslovakia, issued a general call to arms today and declared the formation of a free Czechoslovak republic. The uprising is centred on the town of Banska Bystrica, in the centre of Slovakia, and the partisans have won control of large areas of surrounding land. Hitler is reported to be furious and has ordered the Wehrmacht and the SS to crush the uprising.

    FINLAND: This day the Soviet government replies to the Finnish offer to start the peace negotiations. Before the negotiations can begin, Finland has to immediately and publicly sever all relations with Germany and demand all German troops to be withdrawn from the country by 15 Sept. If the Germans fail to comply, Finns has to disarm them hand hand over to the Allies (Soviets). The next day Mannerheim decides to accept the Soviet conditions. The Parliament, whose agreement is needed to affirm the acceptance, is set to decide on the matter on 5 Sept.

    EASTERN FRONT: The USSR announces that it cannot accept or recognize Bulgarian neutrality which was claimed on the 26th.

    Russians and Polish Communists announce the finding of 1.5 million dead around the area of the Majdanek concentration camp.

    The British and US governments recognize the Polish Home Army (AK) as a responsible belligerent. The Germans refuse to accept this and the fighting in Warsaw continues.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: During the day, the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force in Italy bombs four targets: (1) 178 aircraft bomb the tank factory at Ostrave Moravaska (126 using H2X radar) with the loss of 12 aircraft; (2) 26 bomb the marshalling yard at Ostrave Moravaska using H2X radar; (3) 26 bomb the industrial area at Ostrava Moravaska using H2X; and (4) 32 bomb the oil refinery at Bohumin (27 using H2X) with the loss of five aircraft.

    HUNGARY: During the day, the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force in Italy visually bombs four targets: (1) 47 bomb the marshalling yard at Szeged and (2) 30 bomb the railroad bridge at Szeged; (3) 38 bomb the marshalling yard at Szolnok with the loss of one aircraft; and (4) and 26 bomb the marshalling yard at Czegleb.

    ROMANIA: Soviet troops capture Constanta, the Black Sea port.

    During the night of 29/30 August, five RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group mine the Danube River.

    YUGOSLAVIA: During the day, 28 USAAF Fifteenth Air Force bombers visually bomb the railroad bridge at Borovnica while six others bomb the marshalling yard at Subotica.

    During the night of 29/30 August, seven RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group mine the Danube River.

    ITALY: Medium bombers of the US Twelfth Air Force hit 4 bridges and a viaduct in northeastern Italy while A-20 Havocs hit a fuel station; fighter-bombers hit roads and bridges in northern Italy and support ground forces in the Arno River Valley; P-47s fly medium bomber escort and armed reconnaissance, claiming 100 vehicles destroyed. In southern France, fighters attack targets in the Rhone Valley.

    The British 8th Army reaches the River Foglia. The British 6th Armoured Division reaches Consuma while the Canadian 1st and British 5th Corps thrust to the Foglia RIver, behind which the Germans are moving reinforcements

    The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches 550 B-17s and B-24s to strike targets in Italy, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia; in Italy, communications targets in the Po Valley and railway bridges at Ferrara, Salzano, and Ferrara; in Czechoslovakia, oil refineries and communications targets in the Silesian Plain, including the Bohumin area, steel works and marshalling yard, Moravska-Ostrava marshalling yard, oil refineries and industrial area including, tank works, and marshalling yards; in the Hungarian Plain, marshalling yards at Szolnok and Szeged, and a railway bridge at Szeged; and in Yugoslavia, a railway bridge at Borovnica. P-38s bomb Latisana Bridge, Italy.

    Major General Curtis Emerson LeMay becomes Commanding General US XX Bomber Command, Twentieth Air Force, with HQ at Kharagpur, INDIA. LeMay assumes command after Brigadier General LaVerne G Saunders is seriously injured in a non-operational flying accident.

    CHINA: The Japanese 11th Army, consisting of seven divisions, starts south down the railroad from Heng-Yang threatening USAAF Fourtheenth Air Force bases at Kweilin and Liuchow.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: A USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberator flies an armed reconnaissance bombs to Yap Island. In the Palau Islands, USAAF Fifth and Thirteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Koror, and Malakal Islands, a seaplane base on Arakabesan Island, and supply area north of Ingesebus Airfield.

    MARIANA ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators based on Saipan bomb Pagan Island during the evening.

    VOLCANO ISLANDS: USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberators based in the Mariana Islands, bomb Iwo Jima during the eventing.

    U.S.A.: Destroyer USS Willard Keith launched.
    Minesweeper USS Roselle launched.
    Destroyer escort USS John L Williamson launched.
    Destroyer USS Norris laid down.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-196 was commissioned at New Orleans. Her first commanding officer was LTJG F. B. Davis, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area. She was decommissioned 22 August 1945.

  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:25:05 AM PDT · 6 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/29aug44.htm#

    1.5 million killed at Majdanek
    Tuesday, August 29, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Moscow... The Soviet government, and the Polish government recognized by the USSR, make a joint announcement that they have discovered evidence that the Germans have killed an estimated 1,500,000 people at the former Majdanek concentration camp. Also, the Soviet government notes that it cannot accept or recognize Bulgarian neutrality.

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces capture the Black Sea port of Constanta. To the northwest, Soviet forces take Buzau, to the east of Ploesti.

    In Occupied Poland... The Warsaw uprising continues.

    On the Western Front... The British 21st Army Group and US 1st Army Group continue to advance. The US 7th Corps (part of US 1st Army) captures Soissons and crosses the Aisne River. Elements of US 3rd Army take Reims and Chalons-sur-Marie.

    In Italy... British 8th Army advances to the Foglia River. The next German defensive positions, the Gothic Line, is immediately north.

    In London... The British government declares that the Polish Home Army (AK) is a responsible belligerent force and should be treated as such.

    In Occupied Norway... Elements of the British Home Fleet, led by Admiral Moore, make an unsuccessful air strike on the German battleship Tirpitz in Kaafiord.

    In Washington... The United States government also gives official recognition to the Polish Home Army. At Dumbarton Oaks, senior Allied representatives conclude their meeting discuss postwar security. The representatives agree that there should be an assembly of all states supported by a council of leading states. They also agree on the formation of an International Court of Justice.

  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:23:37 AM PDT · 5 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Third Rolls Up Foe (Middleton) – 2-3
    Battleship is Sunk by RAF at Brest – 3
    Liberating Armies Deal Telling Blows to the Enemy in France (map) – 4
    Liberators: Allied Military Chiefs Meet in Paris (page 1 photo) – 5
    War News Summarized – 5
    Red Army Smashes 10 Miles over Transylvanian Border – 6-7
    Moscow Says Foe Flees Bulgaria – 7
    Poles in Warsaw to Die, Envoy Says – 7
    4 More Japanese Ships Smashed at Celebes, Fires Set in Kuriles – 8
    New Chinese Push Perils Hunan Foe – 8
    Striking at Japanese Industry in Manchuria (photo) – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12
    Stage Now Set for Mindanao Drive (Baldwin) – 12
  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:22:24 AM PDT · 4 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0829-third14_zps41aaedcc.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:21:45 AM PDT · 3 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:21:00 AM PDT · 2 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Northwestern Europe, 1940: Pursuit to West Wall – Operations, 26 August-14 September 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Palaus and Morotai, 30 July-17 September 1944 and Air Attacks on the Philippines, 7-22 September 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • AMERICANS CROSS MARNE, WIN CHATEAU-THIERRY; FORGE TRAP FOR 15,000 GERMANS ON THE RHONE (8/29/44)

    08/29/2014 4:20:20 AM PDT · 1 of 36
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 12:08:40 PM PDT · 18 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to henkster

    Manhattan Project declassfied August 21. This may be new information of interest to certain readers.

    http://blogs.archives.gov/transformingclassification/?p=702

  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:27:01 AM PDT · 8 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/28.htm

    August 28th, 1944 (MONDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Weather prevents US Eight Air Force heavy bomber operations from England; 835 fighters, in 3 forces, are dispatched on fighter-bomber and strafing attacks on rail targets in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and GERMANY: 20 fighters are lost.
    (1) 174 P-38s, P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs attack transportation targets on the German/French border; they claim 12-1-0 aircraft in the air and 3-0-4 on the ground; 1 P-38 is lost.
    (2) 143 P-38s and P-47s hit transportation targets in France, Belgium and the Netherlands; they claim 4-0-0 aircraft in the air and 3-0-2 on the ground; 3 P-47s are lost.
    (3) An unknown number of 380 P-51s strafe transportation targets on the French/German border; they claim 3-0-0 aircraft in the air and 5-0-2 on the ground; 16 P-51s are lost.

    Mission 588: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Netherlands during the night.

    London: The V1 flying-bomb threat against England is being overcome. Of 94 V1s launched today, only four got through to London. The defence-in-depth tactics are now paying off. The missiles have first to face RAF fighter patrols overt the Channel - and then a belt of anti-aircraft guns on the south coast. Behind this are further hungry fighters. Finally, as they begin their descent, they have to contend with a balloon barrage on the southern outskirts of the capital. Meanwhile, in France, the Allied armies continue to overrun launching sites.

    A USAAF Douglas (Model DC-4A) C-54A-1-DC, msn 10276, USAAF serial number 42-72171, crashes into a residential area at 0100 hours local in poor visibility while attempting to land at RAF Prestwick, Ayrshire, Scotland, after a trans-Atlantic flight. All 20 aboard the aircraft and five people on the ground are killed.

    Aircraft carrier HMS Implacable commissioned.
    FRANCE: U.S. Lieutenant General Leonard T. Gerow, Commanding General V Corps, in a letter to French General Pierre Joseph Koening, Military Governor of Paris, turns over the city to the French.

    In northern France, the U.S. First Army crosses the Marne River at Meaux while the U.S. Third Army (Patton) rumbles 50 miles (80,5 kilometres) and closes in on Chalons-sur-Marne and Vitro-le-Francois. Patton’s tanks and trucks are only 140 miles (225,3 kilometres) from the French-German border but are running out of diesel fuel and gasoline. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    Three men from U-262 were killed and 1 more wounded during an air raid on La Pallice. The boat left for its next patrol on 23 August for its traverse to Germany, reaching Flensburg on 5 November.

    In southern France, French troops led by General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny eliminate German resistance in Marseilles and Toulon, France’s biggest Mediterranean ports, and the German forces surrender. Marseilles’s liberation is a godsend for the Allies, who badly need an undamaged French seaport. During the next three months, one-third of Allied supplies and equipment will be offloaded in Marseilles and forwarded to Eisenhower’s armies. The German 11th Panzer Division is cut off, south of Montelimar in the Rhone Valley. In attacking to the north they take severe losses from artillery and air strikes. (John Nicholas and Jack McKillop)

    Marseilles: Last week General Schaeffer, the German commander in Marseilles, spurned a French proposal to surrender. Today he capitulated, as his counterpart in Toulon did yesterday; Free French forces under General de Lattre de Tassigny have captured the two great ports of southern France, and with their fall the entire French Mediterranean coast has now been liberated.

    Marseilles surrendered after bloody, and often confused, fighting in which the regular French forces and the largely communist local Resistance fighters appeared at times to be waging a private war. Some 4,000 French casualties are feared, but German losses are heavier and about 37,000 prisoners have been taken. The port itself is a mass of twisted metal with 11 sunken ships blocking the main inlet.

    The fight for Toulon, ringed by 30 forts, was no less fierce, often taking place in underground galleries built by the French but developed by the Germans. Today Admiral Ruhfuss, the German commander surrendered and agreed to hand over maps of his minefields.

    The 11th Panzer Div. is cut off, south of Montelimar in the Rhone Valley. In attacking to the north they take severe losses from artillery and air strikes.

    In northern FRANCE, the US Ninth Air Force dispatches B-26s and A-20 Havocs, escorted by fighters, to bomb fuel dumps at Doullens, Barisis-aux-Bois, an ammunition dump at Querrieu, an ammunition and fuel dump at Compiegne/Foret de Laigue, and an alcohol distillery and fuel storage depot at Hamm; fighters escort about 400 C-47 Skytrains on supply and evacuation runs, attack airfields at Bourges and Peronne, support ground forces, and fly armed reconnaissance from Amiens to east of Dijon.

    In southeastern FRANCE and ITALY, US Twelfth Air Force B-25s bomb railroad bridges in the Lyon, France area. In Italy, B-26s destroy several airplanes at Villafranca di Verona Airfield and a bridge at Parma; A-20s hit motor transport and other targets of opportunity during the night of 27/28 August, fly armed reconnaissance over the Po Valley and blast a command post southeast of Genoa; fighter-bombers hit vehicles in the Rhone Valley of France, bomb and strafe roads and bridges in the battle area north of the Arno River and hit shipping in Imperia and Savona harbors.

    GERMANY: U-3506 launched
    U-2522, U-3014 and U-3516 laid down.

    AUSTRIA: One hundred fifty five B-17 Flying Fortresses of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force in Italy bomb the Moosbierbaum benzine refinery at Vienna without loss.

    SWEDEN: British Overseas Airlines Corp. Lockheed 18-56 Lodestar (ex USAAF C-60A-5-LO, s/n 42-56018), msn 18-2491, registered G-AGIH, crashes at Kinnekulle; 4 of the 8 aboard the aircraft survive.

    POLAND: Warsaw: The Poles, fighting with their customary gallantry, continue to hold out in battered, starving Warsaw against the Wehrmacht while Stalin refuses to help and the Red Army waits on the far side of the Vistula. The Luftwaffe has been brought in to bomb the Poles, and heavy artillery is shelling the city to pieces. So fierce is the bombardment that the Home Army has been forced to abandon its positions in the Old Town and has gone literally underground - into the sewers, from whence its members emerge to attack the Germans. They are hungry, but what they really want are guns.

    A new government in HUNGARY takes office. Headed by General Lakatos, they announce their readiness to negotiate with the Russians.

    B-24 Liberators of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force in Italy attack three targets: 105 bomb the marshalling yard at Miskolc, 103 bomb the Szony Oil Refinery at Komarom, and 84 bomb the Szajol Railroad Bridge at Szolnok. Two aircraft are lost.

    During the night of 28/29 August, six RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group mine the Danube River.

    ROMANIA: The Third Ukraine Front takes Braila on the Danube. Units of the Second Ukraine Front drive into Transylvania through the Oituz Pass in the Carpathian Mountains.

    During the night of 28/29 August, three RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group mine the Danube River.

    YUGOSLAVIA: A B-24 LIberator of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force in Italy bombs the marshalling yard at Subotica.

    During the night of 28/29 August, nine RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group mine the Danube River.

    EASTERN FRONT: The 3rd Ukraine Front takes Braila on the Danube. Units of the 2nd Ukraine Front move through the Carpathian Mountains toward Transylvania.
    U.S.S.R.: Polar Fleet and White Sea Flotilla: HS “Nord” - by U-boat, close to Beluha Is. (Sergey Anisimov)(69)

    ITALY: The British Eighth Army continues to gain ground toward the Gothic Line with the Polish 2 Corps reaching the Arzilla River. During the night of 28/29 August, elements of the 8th Indian Division capture Tigliano, north of Pontassieve.

    USAAF Twelfth Air Force B-26 Marauders destroy several airplanes at Villafranca di Verona Airfield and a bridge at Parma; fighter-bombers bomb and strafe roads and bridges in the battle area north of the Arno River and hit shipping in Imperia and Savona harbors.

    B-24 Liberators of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force attack four targets: 59 bomb the railroad bridge at Ora, 40 bomb the railroad viaduct at Aviso, ten bomb the railroad bridge at Peschiera Del Grade and nine bomb the highway bridge at Zambana. Two aircraft are lost.

    During the night of 28/29 August, 50 RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb troop concentrations at Pesano.

    The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy sends 560+ bombers, escorted by P-38s and P-51s, to strike targets in Austria, Hungary and Italy; B-17s hit Moosbierbaum oil refinery and adjacent chemical works in Austria; B-24s hit an oil refinery at Szony and marshalling yards at Miskolc, Hungary; and railroad bridges and viaducts at Szolnok, Hungary; and Zambana, Avisio, and Ora Italy.

    FRENCH MOROCCO: British Overseas Airways Corp C-47A-1-DK, msn 11932, registered G-AGIR, crashes at Telmest in the Atlas Mountains south-southwest of Casablanca.

    US Seventh Air Force B-24s based on Saipan pound Iwo Jima Island by day and night while Marshall Islands-based B-24s hit Truk Atoll.

    MARSHALL ISLANDS: The USN’s Task Force 38, with eight fleet carriers and eight light aircraft carriers, sorties from Eniwetok Atoll to attack Japanese bases in the western Pacific in support of the upcoming invasion of the Palau Islands. The aircraft carriers, and their assigned groups, of TF 38 are

    - Task Group 38.1 (TG-38.1)

    USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) with Light Carrier Air Group Twenty One (CVLG-21)

    USS Cowpens (CVL-25) with CVLG-22

    USS Hornet (CV-12) with Carrier Air Group Two (CVG-2)

    USS Monterey (CVL-26) with CVLG-28

    USS Wasp (CV-18) with CVG-14

    - TG 38.2

    USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) with CVG-8

    USS Cabot (CVL-28) with CVLG-31

    USS Independence (CVL-22) with Night Light Carrier Air Group Forty Two [CVLG(N)-42]

    USS Intrepid (CV-11) with CVG-18

    - TG 38.3

    USS Essex (CV-9) with CVG-15

    USS Langley (CVL-27) with CVLG-32

    USS Lexington (CV-16) with CVG-19)

    USS Princeton (CVL-23) with CVLG-27

    - TG 38.4

    USS Enterprise (CV-6) with CVG-20

    USS Franklin (CV-13) with CVG-13

    USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) with CVLG-51

    Palau Islands: US Far East Air Force B-24s hit the airfield on Koror Island, and the seaplane base on Arakabesan Island.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS St Pierre commissioned. A/S towing vessel HMCS Brentwood assigned to HMCS Cornwallis.

    U.S.A.: Brigadier General Haywood S Hansell, Jr assumes command of the XXI Bomber Command, Twentieth Air Force, at Peterson Field, Colorado Springs, Colorado; Brigadier General Lauris Norstad succeeds Hansell as Chief of Staff of the Twentieth Air Force.

    Submarine USS Blueback commissioned.
    Destroyer escort USS Johnnie Hutchins commissioned.
    Minesweeper USS Inflict commissioned.
    Destroyer USS Hank commissioned.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-859 sank SS John Barry.

    The USN’s Task Force 38, with 8 fleet carriers and 8 light aircraft carriers, sorties from Eniwetok Atoll to attack Japanese bases in the western Pacific in support of the upcoming invasion of the Palau Islands.

    The aircraft carriers, and their assigned groups, of TF 38 are:

    - Task Group 38.1 (TG-38.1)

    USS Belleau Wood (CVL-24) with Light Carrier Air Group Twenty One

    (CVLG-21)

    USS Cowpens (CVL-25) with CVLG-22

    USS Hornet (CV-12) with Carrier Air Group Two (CVG-2)

    USS Monterey (CVL-26) with CVLG-28

    USS Wasp (CV-18) with CVG-14

    - TG 38.2

    USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) with CVG-8

    USS Cabot (CVL-28) with CVLG-31

    USS Independence (CVL-22) with Night Light Carrier Air Group Forty Two

    [CVLG(N)-42]

    USS Intrepid (CV-11) with CVG-18

    - TG 38.3

    USS Essex (CV-9) with CVG-15

    USS Langley (CVL-27) with CVLG-32

    USS Lexington (CV-16) with CVG-19)

    USS Princeton (CVL-23) with CVLG-27

    - TG 38.4

    USS Enterprise (CV-6) with CVG-20

    USS Franklin (CV-13) with CVG-13

    USS Jacinto (CVL-30) with CVLG-51

  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:25:35 AM PDT · 7 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/28aug44.htm#

    Americans cross the Marne
    Monday, August 28, 1944 www.onwar.com

    On the Western Front... Elements of US 1st Army cross the Marne River at Meaux. The US 3rd Army is approaching Reims. To the west of Paris, the British 21st Army Group continues to advance as well.

    In Southern France... The German garrisons in Toulon and Marseilles surrender. In the Rhone valley, some elements of the German 19th Army have been cut off, to the south of Montelimar, by forces of the US 7th Army. Among those elements is the German 11th Panzer Division, which launches an attack northward and succeeds in breaking through the line with heavy losses from Allied artillery and ground attack aircraft.

    On the Eastern Front... Elements of the Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Front swing west and move through the Oituz Pass over the Carpathian Mountains toward Transylvania. On the Danube, the 3rd Ukrainian Front captures Braila.

    In Budapest... A new Hungarian government takes office, led by General Lakatos. They announce that they are prepared to negotiate with the Soviets.

    In Washington... At Dumbarton Oaks, senior Allied representatives meet to discuss postwar security.

  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:24:36 AM PDT · 6 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Big Offensive On (Middleton) – 2-3
    De Gaulle Fired On in Paris; City is Bombed by Germans – 3-4
    Seeking Shelter from Bullets of Snipers in Paris (photo) – 4
    Avignon Cheers French and Allies (Sedgwick) – 4-5
    Photo from Paris – 5
    War News Summarized – 5
    Soviet Tide Rises – 6-7
    Baltic Port Fired (Johnston) – 7-8
    Sumatra Bombed by Carrier Planes – 8
    Manila is Said to Be Evacuated; Islands South of Japan Bombed – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Theatres – 10-12
    ‘New Order’ Crumbling (Baldwin) – 12
  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:23:33 AM PDT · 5 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0828-bigoffensive15_zpsa0b53d93.jpg

    Winston S. Churchill, Triumph and Tragedy

  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:22:29 AM PDT · 4 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Continued from August 19.

     photo 0828-bigoffensive14_zps879fe240.jpg

    Stephen E. Ambrose, Band of Brothers

  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:21:31 AM PDT · 3 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:20:55 AM PDT · 2 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern France, 1944 – Operations in the South, 15-28 August, 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1940: Pursuit to West Wall – Operations, 26 August-14 September 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Palaus and Morotai, 30 July-17 September 1944 and Air Attacks on the Philippines, 7-22 September 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • AMERICANS REACH MARNE IN EASTWARD DRIVES; RUSSIANS OVERWHELM GALATI GAP DEFENSES (8/28/44)

    08/28/2014 4:20:03 AM PDT · 1 of 24
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • CBS World News Today – August 27, 1944

    08/27/2014 3:04:52 PM PDT · 5 of 6
    Homer_J_Simpson to tcrlaf; colorado tanker
    German News Agency: “The Japanese are evacuating Manila.”

    Maybe the Germans want it to look like they are doing better than their Axis partner.

  • CBS World News Today – August 27, 1944

    08/27/2014 2:18:05 PM PDT · 2 of 6
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    The description of this broadcast from https://www.otrcat.com/world-news-today-radio-show2.html follows.

    The Germans are retreating back to Germany. The French port of Toulon has been captured by the Allies. Japanese positions in Sumatra have been bombed. The Japanese are evacuating Manila. Allies are pouring across the Seine, and the left bank has been cleared of Germans. Yesterday, snipers shot at General de Gaulle during a service inside the Notre Dame cathedral. General Eisenhower visited Paris today. 3,000 tons of American food is being sent to Paris daily to help feed the city. As a sign that things are returning to normal in Paris, the first bicycle race is scheduled for tomorrow. The RAF is now bombing Germany during the daylight hours. Southwest France has been cleared of Germans. Major Eliot comments on how Hitler’s policy of trying to defend too much territory with too few troops has resulted in the smashing of one German army after another. From Madrid, Glenn Stadler reports on the internment by Spain of German officers who fled there from France to surrender. CBS Washington: Joe McCaffrey interviews a colonel who had been with the U.S. Assault Training Center in England where the invasion troops were trained. Before the war, he had served in Germany and had observed German methods for assaulting fixed positions. These techniques were later modified for training American troops. The U.S. Assault Training Center was located on the western coast of England, where German beach fortifications and barriers were reproduced. 30-man assault sections were used based on the capacity of the landing craft. Troops received 3 weeks of training at the center and then continued to practice on their own afterwards. The colonel had, in fact, taken part in the D-Day landings and was wounded. He is now in Washington, serving on the Army’s General Staff. Iwo Jima has been bombed by B-24s. Teaser spot explaining the “Steri-lamp” feature that will be available in post-war Admiral refrigerators. PSA encouraging listeners to buy War Bonds. “Buy more War Bonds than before. Winning the war must come first with each and every one of us.”

    To listen to the broadcast click on the link below.

    CBS World News Today, August 20, 1944

  • CBS World News Today – August 27, 1944

    08/27/2014 2:14:35 PM PDT · 1 of 6
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:22:12 AM PDT · 8 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/27.htm

    August 27th, 1944 (SUNDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Escort carrier HMS Nabob made port under her own power. Declared a constructive total loss.

    The US Eighth Air Force in England flies two major missions against Berlin and strategic targets in northern and central Germany; 3 bombers and 10 fighters are lost:

    - Mission 583: 426 B-17s are dispatched but encounter very high clouds over Denmark and northern Germany and are recalled; 5 hit Ausum Airfield, 4 hit targets of opportunity and 1 hits Flensburg marshalling yard; 2 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 180 P-51 Mustangs; 3 P-51s are lost.

    - Mission 584: 777 bombers and 351 fighters, in 2 forces are dispatched.
    (1) B-17s bomb Esbjerg Airfield (60), Emden marshalling yards and docks (37), Wilhelmshaven (34), Heligoland Island (11), Island of Fano (1) and Island of Sylt (1); 1 B-17 is lost; escort is provided by 156 P-51s; they claim 2-0-0 aircraft; 7 P-51s are lost.
    (2) 34 B-24s hit Heligoland Island; escort is provided by 169 P-38s and P-51s.

    - Mission 585: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and the Netherlands during the night.

    - 316 P-47 Thunderbolts fly fighter-bomber missions against transport in eastern France; they claim 14-0-4 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-47 is lost.
    FRANCE: In northern France, the Canadian 4th Armoured and 3d Divisions begin crossing the Seine River between Elbeuf and Pont de l’Arche and clear Tourlaville. The French 2d Armored Division and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division drive northeast to the outskirts of Paris, the French overcoming strong opposition at Le Bourget Airfield. The U.S. VIII Corps completes the encirclement of Brest while Third Army armoured units reach the Marne River at Château-Thierry, secure crossings, and overrun the town. The U.S. 12th Army Group allocates priority in supply to the U.S. First Army rather than Patton’s Third Army. Supplies are becoming increasingly short.

    In southern France, the French 2d Corps continues to clear the environs of Toulon but halts when the Germans agree to surrender the peninsula tomorrow. At Marseille, Fort St. Nicolas surrenders, but scattered opposition remains. In the evening, the German command requests an interview to discuss surrender terms.

    While in combat at the town of Montelinar in the Rhone Valley. Sergeant Stephen R. Gregg, 143rd Infantry, 36th Infantry Division (US), and his platoon advance toward a German position on a hill. The Germans react with hand grenades which fell seven G.I.’s and heavy enemy fire prevents medics from reaching them. “We were close by, and you could hear the men that were hit calling for medics,” he told the New York Times in 2000. “I said, God! I’ve got to do something here.’ I don’t know what got into me, but I picked up this gun. “I kept firing and firing. I was just thinking, ‘I’ve got to get as many as I can before they get me.’ I never thought I’d come out of this thing alive, to be frank with you. The Lord was with me.” Sergeant Gregg had picked up a machine gun, and with a medic following him, he headed up the hill toward the Germans, firing from the hip in the face of a hand-grenade barrage. His covering fire enabled the medic to remove the wounded. After he used up his ammunition, he was confronted by four German soldiers who ordered him to surrender. Platoon members opened fire on the Germans, and as they hit the ground, Sergeant Gregg escaped to an American machine-gun position. He fired away once more, routing the Germans and enabling the Americans to take the hill. The next day, when the Germans counterattacked with tanks, Sergeant Gregg directed a mortar barrage, and then he charged a mortar position the Germans had overrun, capturing it by hurling a hand grenade. (MOH) (John Collins)
    In northern France, the USAAF Ninth Air Force’s IX Bomber Command attacks troop concentrations in the Rouen area, Rouen bridge, the Boursin navigational beam station at Boulogne-sur-Mer, and Bucy-les-Pierrepont and Foret de Samoussy fuel dumps; fighters cover ground forces and fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance in the Senlis area and south of the Loire River claiming 16 aircraft (11 in the air) destroyed, and losing 6.
    In south-eastern France and Italy, the USAAF Twelfth Air Force sends B-25s and B-26s to hit gun emplacements in the Marseille area. In Italy, medium bombers attack bridges at Berceto; fighter-bombers continue armed reconnaissance in the Po Valley and over roads leading north from the battle line north of the Arno River; A-20 Havocs bomb targets of opportunity in the Po Valley during the night of 26/27 August, fly armed reconnaissance and during the day hit ammunition stores in north central Italy.

    Provins: Retreating German soldiers massacre 22 villagers. Two days ago 126 civilians were murdered by the SS at Maille, Indre-et-Loire.

    Paris: Eisenhower promises to supply de Gaulle with food, uniforms and military supplies.

    Whilst attempting the clearance of a German minefield 5 miles off the coast between Fecamp and Cap d’Antifer, Minesweeper HMS Hussar of the 1st Minesweeping Flotilla is sunk by rockets fired by RAF Typhoons of 263 and 266 (Rhodesia) Squadron. There are 55 casualties.

    In the same incident, Minesweeper HMS Britomart is also sunk with 22 casualties.

    MS Salamander was so seriously damaged that she was beyond repair, and 2 other ships were damaged. In all 78 officers and ratings were killed and 149 wounded, in what was the most serious “friendly fire” incident involving RN ships of WW2. (Alex Gordon)(108)

    In northern France, the US Ninth Air Force’s IX Bomber Command attacks troop concentrations in the Rouen area, Rouen bridge, the Boursin navigational beam station at Boulogne-sur-Mer, and Bucy-les-Pierrepont and Foret de Samoussy fuel dumps; fighters cover ground forces and fly sweeps and armed reconnaissance in the Senlis area and south of the Loire River claiming 16 aircraft (11 in the air) destroyed, and losing 6.

    In south-eastern France and Italy, the US Twelfth Air Force sends B-25s and B-26s to hit gun emplacements in the Marseille area.

    Two hundred twenty one RAF Bomber Command aircraft bomb the Mimoyecques V-1 site at Marquise while 24 Lancasters bomb two ships in Brest Harbor and claimed hits on both.

    GERMANY: 216 Halifaxes, 14 Mosquitoes and 13 Lancasters, made a daylight attack on the Rheinpreussen synthetic oil refinery at Meerbeek in the Ruhr today. This raid was escorted by nine squadrons of Spitfires on the outward flight and seven squadrons on the withdrawal. One Me110 is seen; the Spitfires drove it off. There was intense flak over the target but no bombers were lost. The bombing was based on Oboe marking but 5-8/10ths cloud produced difficult conditions, though some accurate bombing was claimed through gaps in the clouds. This is the RAF’s first large-scale daylight raid on Germany since 12 August 1941, and emphasises the importance of these targets. Germany is running out of oil. The Panzers, whose Tiger tanks gobble fuel at two gallons a mile, are running dry, while the Luftwaffe which needs 160,000 tons of high-octane fuel a month, is getting only 10,000 tons a month. The factories are still making planes and tanks in record numbers, but they cannot move without fuel.

    Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb eight targets: 45 bomb Heligoland Island using H2X radar, 37 bomb the port area at Emden, 35 bomb the airfield at Brondom, 34 bomb the Wilhelmshaven port area using H2X radar, five bomb the airfield at Husum, and six aircraft bomb individual targets of opportunity. Only two aircraft are lost.

    The USAAF’s Fifteenth Air Force, based in Italy, bombs two I.G. Farben synthetic oil refineries at Blechhammer: 213 B-24 Liberators bomb the Blechhammer South facility (28 using H2X radar) and 137 B-17 Flying Fortresses bomb the Blechhammer North facility.

    During the night of 27/28 August, 27 RAF Mosquitos bomb Mannheim using H2S radar while four visually bomb Duisburg.

    U-3515 laid down.

    U-2509 launched.

    ITALY: The British Eighth Army makes steady progress northward toward the main Gothic Line positions.

    Medium bombers attack bridges at Berceto; fighter-bombers continue armed reconnaissance in the Po Valley and over roads leading north from the battle line north of the Arno River; A-20 Havocs bomb targets of opportunity in the Po Valley during the night of 26/27 August, fly armed reconnaissance and during the day hit ammunition stores in north central Italy.

    The US Fifteenth Air Force based in Italy dispatches 530+ fighter-escorted bombers to attack targets in Germany and Italy; the B-17s hit an oil refinery in Blechhammer, Germany; the B-24s also hit an oil refinery in Blechhammer; a railroad bridge at Ferrara, and viaducts at Avisio and Venzone, Italy; and a viaduct at Borovnica, Yugoslavia.

    One hundred fifty five B-24 Liberators of the USAAF’s Fifteenth Air Force bomb four targets: 56 bomb the railroad bridge at Ferrara, 52 bomb a railroad viaduct at Aviso while 46 a second railroad viaduct at Aviso, and one bombs a railroad bridge at Latisana.

    During the night of 27/28 August, USAAF Twelfth Air Force aircraft fly armed reconnaissance in north central Italy while 54 RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group bomb troop concentrations at Pesano.

    ROMANIA: Focsani and Galati are captured by the Soviets.

    BURMA: The British 36th Division, continues down the Mogaung-Mandalay railroad corridor and captures Pinbaw.

    CAROLINE ISLANDS: A USAAF Seventh Air Force B-24 Liberator based in the Mariana Islands, flies a photo reconnaissance mission of Woleai Atoll, and then bombs Yap Island.

    KURILE ISLANDS: 5 US Eleventh Air Force B-24s bomb and photograph Kashiwabara on Paramushiru Island in 2 raids; and 4 B-25s on a shipping sweep east of the northern Kurile Islands bomb and strafe picket boats damaging 1 and leaving another sinking; and a USN PV-1 Ventura sinks a Japanese ship. Another PV-1 attacks a Soviet tanker firing 50 calibre (12.7 mm) shells from stem to stern.

    A US Seventh Air Force Saipan Island-based B-24 bombs Iwo Jima Island while another, after photo reconnaissance of Woleai Atoll, bombs Yap Island.

    COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES: The submarine USS Stingray (SS-186) lands men and supplies on Luzon to support guerrilla operations against the Japanese.

    U.S.A.:

    Light cruiser USS Little Rock launched.

    Submarine USS Cabezon launched.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: F/O Roderick Borden Gray (b.1917), RCAF, helped two wounded crewmen into a dinghy; knowing it would hold no more, and despite his own wounds, he insisted on clinging to the side. He died some hours later. (George Cross)

    U-534 shot down British Wellington aircraft, Squadron 172/B.

    U-92 sank USS LST 327.

  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:21:00 AM PDT · 7 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/27aug44.htm#

    RAF bombing in daylight
    Sunday, August 27, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Over Germany... RAF Bomber Command raids the oil plant at Homberg-Meerbeck in its first daylight attack with heavy bombers since the early months of the war.

    On the Western Front... British 21st Army Group and US 12th Army Group continue to advance beyond the Seine River. The US 3rd Army, on the right wing of the army groups, captures Chateau Thierry on the Marne River as well as reaching the Seine River at Troyes, farther inland.

    On the Eastern Front... Soviet forces capture Focsani and Galati, with most of their respective garrisons. The advance continues toward Bucharest and Ploesti.

    In Washington... At Dumbarton Oaks, senior Allied representatives meet to discuss postwar security.

  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:20:07 AM PDT · 6 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Enemy Rout Grows (Middleton) – 2-4
    A Warm Welcome for Victorious Doughboys in France (photo) – 3
    Pouring Cider while He Pours Lead (photo) – 4
    Joyous French Take Over Control of Beloved Paris – 4-5
    War News Summarized – 5
    Red Army Drives Ahead in Rumania and the North (maps) – 6
    Danube Zone Freed – 7
    Balkan Line Snaps (MacCormac) – 8
    U.S. Bombers Fire 5 Reich Oil Plants (Anderson) – 8-9
    Stilwell as a Full General (photo) – 9
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 10-12

    The News of the Week in Review
    The Battle of France: An Allied Triumph (map) – 13
    Fifteen News Questions – 14
    Hope Springs Eternal (cartoon) – 15
    Germany Reduced to Strategy of Desperation (Baldwin) – 16-17
    “The Wild West Front” (cartoon) – 17
    ‘Superforts’ Put Japan in Line for Reich Fate (Shalett) – 18-19
    Nazis Keep Repeating Claims for V-2 Weapon (Axelsson) – 19
    Reassurance (cartoon) – 20
    “First Aid” (cartoon) – 20
    Security Plan Poses a Basic U.S. Decision (by James B. Reston) – 21-22
    Answers to Fifteen News Questions – 22

  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:18:30 AM PDT · 5 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Notre Dame cathedral is still the scene of action as Gen. De Gaulle enters (1:39). Incidentally, look for a transcript of Reid’s report in the N.Y. Times tomorrow.

    Robert Reid, BBC

  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:17:49 AM PDT · 4 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    V-Mail from New Guinea-Aitape. It sounds like livin’ is easy for the 128th these days.

     photo 0827-enemy24_zps56dc3df6.jpg
  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:16:39 AM PDT · 3 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:16:03 AM PDT · 2 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Selections from West Point Atlas for the Second World War
    Southern France, 1944 – Operations in the South, 15-28 August, 1944
    Northwestern Europe, 1940: Pursuit to West Wall – Operations, 26 August-14 September 1944
    Eastern Europe, 1941: Russian Balkan and Baltic Campaigns – Operations, 19 August-31 December 1944
    The Western Pacific, New Guinea, and the Philippine Islands: Allied Advances to the Palaus and Morotai, 30 July-17 September 1944 and Air Attacks on the Philippines, 7-22 September 1944
    Northern Italy 1944: Allied Advance to Gothic Line, 5 June-25 August and Gains 29 August-31 December
    China, 1941: Operation Ichigo, April-December 1944 and Situation 31 December
    China-Burma, 1941: Third Burma Campaign – Slim’s Offensive, June 1944-March 1945
  • BRITISH CROSS SEINE, SMASH FLEEING FOE; RUSSIANS TAKE BESSARABIA, NEAR GALATI (8/27/44)

    08/27/2014 4:15:31 AM PDT · 1 of 29
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 7:41:16 AM PDT · 15 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to TalonDJ

    Not our fault. We went to Triple A and asked for a current map of Paris. That’s the one they gave us.

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 5:07:28 AM PDT · 11 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to iowamark

    Oh, it’s doable. Montgomery is working on a secret plan to get to Berlin quickly.

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:38:17 AM PDT · 9 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/26.htm

    August 26th, 1944 (SATURDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM: Submarine HMS Acheron laid down.

    Corvette HMCS Tillsonburg departed Londonderry to join EG C-6 of NEF.

    The US Eighth Air Force in England flies 8 missions (numbers in parenthesis indicate number of bombers attacking).

    - Mission 575: 359 B-17s attack gun batteries in the Brest, France area; targets are Brest/Pte de St Mathieu (35) and coastal batteries at Kerandieu (27), Cornovailles (21), Brest/Ile Longue (20), Brest/Kerviniov (9) and Brest/Ponscorf (7); targets of opportunity are Brest/Pte des Espagnoles II (21) and Brest/Pte des Espagnoles III (18); escort is provided by 48 P-51 Mustangs; 1 P-51 is lost.

    - Mission 576: 588 bombers and 402 fighters, in 3 forces, attack oil refineries, fuel stores and chemical works in Germany; 10 bombers and 3 fighters are lost.
    (1) B-24s bomb the chemical works at Ludwigshafen (41); secondary targets hit are marshalling yards at Ehrang (33) and Kons/Karthaus (8); 11 others hit Alzey and 2 hit other targets of opportunity; 7 B-24s are lost; escort is provided by 77 P-51s; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft on the ground; 1 P-51 is lost.
    (2) B-17s bomb oil refineries at Gelsenkirchen/Buer (89) and Gelsenkirchen/Nordstern (85); 19 hit Deelen Airfield, a secondary target, and 11 hit targets of opportunity; 3 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 159 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51s without loss.
    (3) B-24s hit the Dulmen fuel dump (73) and oil refineries at Salzbergen (71) and Emmerich (36); 36 others hit Eindhoven Airfield; escort is provided by 129 P-38s, P-47s and P-51s; 1 P-38 and 1 P-51 are lost.

    - Mission 577: 9 B-24s fly an AZON bomb mission to Moerdijk rail bridge, the Netherlands but clouds prevent an attack. Escort is provided by 32 P-51s.

    - Mission 578: 37 B-17s are dispatched to hit liquid oxygen plants at La Louviere, Torte and Willebroeck, Belgium but the mission is aborted due to clouds. Escort is provided by 18 P-51s.

    - Mission 579: 3 B-17s fly a special bomb test using Micro H radar against aviation industry targets at Meaulte, France. Escort is provided by 7 P-47s.

    - Mission 580: 3 B-17s fly a Micro H test mission; 2 of the aircraft also drop leaflets.

    - Mission 581: 7 B-24s are dispatched on a radio countermeasures mission to aid the RAF Bomber Command.

    - Mission 582: 6 B-17s drop leaflets in France and Belgium during the night.

    - 183 P-47s and 206 P-51s attack transport targets in Belgium, eastern France and western Germany in an attempt to prevent the escape of German forces; they claim 1-0-0 aircraft; 2 P-47s and 7 P-51s are lost.

    The US IX Troop Carrier Command is relieved of its assignment to the Ninth Air Force upon transfer of the command and its service organizations from the IX Air Force Services Command to HQ First Allied Airborne Army commanded by Lieutenant General Lewis H Brereton.
    FRANCE: Paris: A violent burst of gunfire greeted General de Gaulle and the other leaders of the Free French as they walked up to the cathedral of Notre Dame today to celebrate the liberation with a Te Deum, following a triumphant victory march from the Arc de Triomphe.

    In the taut atmosphere of the newly liberated city, in which the official German capitulation had left numerous German and Milice snipers at liberty, a single shot set off a murderous fusillade in which several people were killed and 300 wounded near the cathedral. As the procession approached the cathedral Free French soldiers were firing at unseen targets among the pinnacles. General Leclerc tried to stop them, knocking down one man’s rifle with his stick.

    In the panic after a shot was heard in the cathedral, many Free French personalities took cover or threw themselves to the floor. General Koenig shouted: “Have you no pride? Stand up!” General de Gaulle was quite unruffled by the whole incident, and strode calmly up to the cathedral.

    Paris: The roar of heavy artillery still resounds in the suburbs, but Parisians are busy celebrating. The streets are not entirely safe yet, but despite the dangers many Parisians are on the prowl, looking to vent their long bottled-up rage against those who collaborated with the Nazi occupation forces.

    The people have not forgotten the 35 youths, aged between 17 and 25, who were massacred on 16 August at the Bois de Boulogne waterfall by French Gestapists working for the German secret police. They also remember the political prisoners at Romainville jail, shot dead by the German guards as they retreated before the approaching Allies a few days ago.

    Their thirst for revenge is unlikely to be slaked. Most of the leading collaborators were able to flee Paris before the Allies entered the city, leaving behind only low-ranking militiamen and those women rather crudely termed “horizontal collaborators”. The day before yesterday, a woman accused of having fraternized with Nazis was beaten and had her hair shaved off. She was then put on show at the police headquarters with a placard around her neck which proclaimed for all to see “She had her husband shot.”
    - The US Ninth Air Force’s IX Bomber Command, with fighter escort, strikes fuel dumps at Saint-Gobain, Fournival/Bois-de-Mont, and Compiegne/Clairoix, and troop and equipment concentrations at Rouen; fighters fly ground forces and assault area cover, and armed reconnaissance in the Rouen, Dijon, Chatillon-sur-Seine and S Loire areas.

    - During the night of 25/26 August, the US Twelfth Air Force sends fighter-bombers on armed reconnaissance over the Nice, France area to bomb vehicles and other targets of opportunity, and during the day to bomb ammunition dumps in southeastern France; B-25s and B-26s hit guns in the Marseille area but several missions into the Rhone Valley are aborted due to bad weather; fighter-bombers and fighters fly armed reconnaissance over southeastern France, attacking rail lines, roads, guns, vehicles, and other targets of opportunity.

    GERMANY: Rüsselheim: Villagers, urged on by the local SS, beat to death seven of the crew of a crashed USAAF aircraft. One of the two survivors is 19-year-old Sidney Brown of Gainesville, Florida.

    The airmen had been taken prisoner and were being marched the town on the outskirts of Frankfurt en-route to a prison camp.

    The RAF had attacked the night before killing 198 (including 177 foreign slave labourers) and a mob attacked, throwing stones, bottles and railroad ties. The U.S. airmen were chased to the town cemetery, where they were beaten to the ground. Later, they were dragged outside of town and six were shot dead.

    [ In a post-war trial by a US military court, seven individuals were convicted of the deaths. Five were hanged.] (Michael Douglas)

    U-3012 laid down.

    U.S.S.R.: Baltic Fleet, Ladoga Lake and Chudskoe Lake Flotillas: MS “T-45” (ex-”Antikainen”) - by U-410, close to Nerva Is., in Finland Gulf . (Sergey Anisimov)(69)

    Soviet destroyer Druznyj commissioned.

    The USS Yarnell (DD-143), was commissioned as HMS Lincoln (G-42) on 23 Oct. 1940, part of the destroyers-for-bases deal. Today, this ship is transferred to Russia as Druzhny. She joins several sister ships transferred earlier this year. They will return to the RN between 1949-1952. (Ron Babuka)

    HUNGARY: During the night of 26/27 August, two RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group fly a night leaflet mission over the country.

    YUGOSLAVIA: USAAF Fifteenth Air Force B-24 Liberators visually bomb two targets without loss: 54 bomb the railroad bridge at Borovnica and one hits the marshalling yard at Nis. (Jack McKillopo)

    ROMANIA: The Russian advance reaches the Danube River east of Galati.

    BULGARIA withdraws from the war and disarms German troops. The German position in the Balkans is crumbling. The Romanians, who fought alongside the Germans at Stalingrad and in the Crimea, declared war on Germany yesterday and seized their own capital after a sharp fight with the Wehrmacht. And the Bulgarians today announced their intention of withdrawing from the war, and began disarming German garrisons. Armistice talks are in the final stages.

    There were only maybe some ten thousands of troops in Bulgaria at the time (if even that), most being logistics personnel and a few FLAK troops to help protect the Romanian airfields. These were quickly disarmed.

    The Bulgarian occupation troops in Macedonia and Serbia didn’t try to disarm the Germans, but rather to withdraw back to Bulgaria. In the process, they were confronted and to a large degree disarmed themselves by the Germans. (Henrik Krog)

    Romania’s pro-German government collapsed four days ago when King Michael arrested Marshal Antonescu for refusing to make peace with the Allies and installed a new government which overcame German attempts to seize Bucharest.

    ITALY: Solid bridgeheads are established by the British 8th Army over the River Metauro in Italy. The German 71st Division falls back in the face of attacks by V Corps.
    The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy dispatches 470+ bombers escorted, by P-38s and P-51s, to attack targets in Italy and Romania; B-17s hit viaducts and bridges at Venzone, Avisio, and Latisana, Italy; in Romania, 115 B-24s hit a train ferry and terminal at Giurgiu, Otopeni Airfield, barracks and troops in the Baneasa area; and B-24s bomb a viaduct at Borovnica, Yugoslavia.

    KURILE ISLANDS: 3 B-24s hit the Kashiwabara staging area on Paramushiru Island during the early morning, starting several fires; later 6 B-25s strafe and bomb the east coast of the northern Kurile Islands, sinking a patrol boat; 1 out of 4 interceptors and one of the B-25s are hit; 7 more B-24s bomb targets on Kashiwabara and on Otomari Cape, including docks, piers, boats, and a fuel dump. 6 P-38s unsuccessfully attempt to intercept 4 unidentified aircraft west of Attu Island.

    US Seventh Air Force B-24s based on Saipan bomb the airfield on Iwo Jima Island. A B-24 on armed reconnaissance bombs Woleai Atoll and Yap Island.

    In the Palau Islands, US Far East Air Force B-24s bomb Koror and Peleliu Airfields.

    U.S.A.: Minesweeper USS Garland commissioned
    Destroyer escort USS Goss commissioned. Destroyer escort USS Thaddeus Parker launched.

    Coast Guard-manned Army vessel FS-195 was commissioned at New Orleans. Her first commanding officer was Lt. J. P. McNabb, USCGR. She was assigned to and operated in the Southwest Pacific area.

    ATLANTIC OCEAN: U-745 sank Soviet minesweeper T-45/No 48.
    U-957 sank SS Nord.
    U-989 sank SS Ashmun J CLough in Convoy TBC-28.

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:37:07 AM PDT · 8 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/26aug44.htm#

    Parade in Paris
    Saturday, August 26, 1944 www.onwar.com

    In Liberated France... General de Gaulle arrives in Paris and joins a ceremonial parade despite the risk from German snipers still in the city.

    On the Western Front... Most of the Allied armies have advance elements across the Seine River. Both US 12th Army Group and British 21st Army Group are advancing northwest.

    In Italy... Forces of the British 8th Army establish bridgeheads over the Metauro River. The British 5th Corps forces the German 71st Division to retreat.

    On the Eastern Front... In the Balkans, Soviet forces reach the Danube River east of Galati. The main direction of the offensive is southwestward between Galati and Focsani toward Bucharest.

    In Sofia... The Bulgarian government announces that it is withdrawing from the war and that German troops will be disarmed.

    In Washington... At Dumbarton Oaks, senior Allied representatives meet to discuss postwar security.

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:33:34 AM PDT · 7 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Third Near Marne (Middleton) – 2-3
    Von Kluge Killed, Stockholm Hears – 3
    Allied Forces Help French to Rid Capital of Nazis – 4-5
    War News Summarized – 5
    German-Held Territory in France Continues to Shrink (map) – 6
    Cheering French Civilians Hail the Allies as Troops Enter Paris (photos) – 7-8
    Ally Fights Reich (Gruson) – 8-9
    Bulgaria Awaits Surrender Terms (Sulzberger) – 9
    Red Army Races On – 10-11
    6 Factories Razed in Reich Air Blow (Anderson) – 11
    Japanese Cruiser Fired by U.S. Fliers (Kluckhohn) – 11
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 13-15
    Oct. 1 ‘Tentative’ Date for Nazi Defeat; War in Pacific ‘at Least Until End of ’45’ – 15
    Flame Gun is Added to Churchill Tank; ‘Crocodile’ Can Throw Fire 450 Feet Ahead – 15
  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:32:29 AM PDT · 6 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    Billboard Top Ten for the Week of August 26, 1944

    #1 - “Swinging on a Star” – Bing Crosby
    #2 - “I’ll Be Seeing You” – Bing Crosby
    #3 - “Time Waits for No One” – Helen Forrest
    #4 - “You Always Hurt the One You Love” – Mills Brothers
    #5 – “I’ll Be Seeing You” – Tommy Dorsey, with Frank Sinatra
    #6 - “G.I. Jive” – Louis Jordan
    #7 – “I’ll Get By” - Harry James, with Dick Haymes (reissue of 1941 recording)
    #8 - “I’ll Walk Alone” – Dinah Shore
    #9 – “His Rocking Horse Ran Away” – Betty Hutton
    #10– “I’ll Walk Alone” – Martha Tilton

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:31:55 AM PDT · 5 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Squawk 8888
    Today’s audio is a 3:21 report from newly liberated Paris by Matthew Halton of CBC.

    Matthew Halton

  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:30:59 AM PDT · 4 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
    The first excerpt below is continued from August 17. The other two are continued from yesterday.

     photo 0826-third18_zps0110e457.jpg
  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:30:17 AM PDT · 3 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:29:46 AM PDT · 2 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson
     photo 0826-third16_zps0c4d40aa.jpg
  • ALLIES SWEEP TO TROYES, NAZI ROUT GROWS; GERMAN COMMANDER SURRENDERS IN PARIS (8/26/44)

    08/26/2014 4:28:57 AM PDT · 1 of 46
    Homer_J_Simpson
    Free Republic University, Department of History presents World War II Plus 70 Years: Seminar and Discussion Forum
    First session: September 1, 2009. Last date to add: September 2, 2015.
    Reading assignment: New York Times articles and the occasional radio broadcast delivered daily to students on the 70th anniversary of original publication date. (Previously posted articles can be found by searching on keyword “realtime” Or view Homer’s posting history .)
    To add this class to or drop it from your schedule notify Admissions and Records (Attn: Homer_J_Simpson) by freepmail. Those on the Realtime +/- 70 Years ping list are automatically enrolled. Course description, prerequisites and tuition information is available at the bottom of Homer’s profile. Also visit our general discussion thread.
  • DE GAULLE REPORTED LEADING SMASH INTO PARIS; DEEP ALLIED DRIVES TIGHTEN POCKET AT SEINE (8/25/44)

    08/25/2014 7:32:42 AM PDT · 18 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Hebrews 11:6

    That would be the appropriate substance to stain that particular point, but I’m guessing chocolate instead. The paper boy must have been snacking.

  • DE GAULLE REPORTED LEADING SMASH INTO PARIS; DEEP ALLIED DRIVES TIGHTEN POCKET AT SEINE (8/25/44)

    08/25/2014 4:35:08 AM PDT · 9 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.etherit.co.uk/month/thismonth/25.htm

    August 25th, 1944 (FRIDAY)

    UNITED KINGDOM:

    The US Eighth Air Force in England flies 4 missions.

    - Mission 570: 1,191 bombers and 708 fighters, in 3 forces, make visual bombing attacks against aircraft component plants, Luftwaffe experimental stations and the synthetic oil industry; 18 bombers and 7 fighters are lost; numbers in parenthesis indicate number of bombers attacking the target.
    (1) B-24s attack aircraft component plants at Rostock (116), Schwerin (106), Wismar (91) and Lubeck (81); 11 others hit Grossenbrode Airfield and 4 hit targets of opportunity; 5 B-24s are lost; escort is provided by 243 P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs; they claim 11-2-3 aircraft; 1 P-51 is lost.
    (2) B-17s bomb the Rechlin Experimental Station (179) and oil refinery at Politz (169); 6 others hit targets of opportunity; 8 B-17s; escort is provided by 215 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 4-0-2 aircraft; 4 P-51s are lost.
    (3) B-17s attack the Peenemunde Experimental Station (146), Neubrandenburg Airfield (108) and Anklam Airfield (73); 21 others hit Parow Airfield and 5 hit targets of opportunity; 5 B-17s are lost; escort is provided by 171 P-47s and P-51s; they claim 36-0-28 aircraft; 2 P-51s are lost.

    - Mission 571: 10 B-24s fly an Azon glide bomb mission to Moerdijke, the Netherlands but the target is missed. Escort is provided by 36 P-47s.

    - Mission 572: 107 bombers and 172 fighters are dispatched to make visual attacks on liquid oxygen and ammonia plants in Belgium and northern FRANCE:
    (1) 31 38 B-17s hit Henin Littard; and
    (2) B-24s bomb Willerbroeck (18), Tertre (17), Tiller/Liege (12) and La Louviere (10); 4 others hit St Trond Airfield and 1 hits a target of opportunity. Escort for Mission 572 is provided by 152 P-38s and P-51s.

    - Mission 573: 6 B-17s drop leaflets on France and Belgium during the night.

    - 1 C-47 Skytrain flies a CARPETBAGGER mission during the night.

    Major Glenn Miller christens a B-17G bomber for his famous theme song, “Moonlight Serenade” in Knettishall.
    FRANCE: The second “Red Ball Express” is activated from the Normandy beachhead.
    The French 4th Armored Division enters Paris. German General Choltitz disobeys orders to fight for the city and surrenders, avoiding damage to the city.

    Paris: Paris is free. At 2,30 this afternoon the German commander of the Paris area, General Dietrich von Cholitz, surrendered to Lieutenant Henri Karcher of the French 2nd Armoured Division, commanded by General Leclerc, the first Allied unit to enter Paris. German snipers are still active, but late this afternoon General Charles de Gaulle also entered the city.

    The first of Leclerc’s men drove their Sherman tanks into Paris last night to be greeted by cheering Parisians. Shortly after 7.00am today, Leclerc and the rest of his troops entered, with units of the US 4th Infantry Division. Karcher and his men stormed the German headquarters in the Hotel Meurice, shot up a picture of Adolf Hitler and overcame the garrison with a phosphorous grenade and a flame-thrower. Karcher found von Cholitz sitting behind a table. Karcher asked von Cholitz if he was ready to surrender. The German answered simply “Ja”. “Then you are my prisoner,” said Karcher.

    The liberation of Paris has been won by not only the regular Allied forces but the people of Paris itself who backed an uprising called by the Resistance on 18 August. Some 500 Resistance fighters and 127 other civilians have been killed. Many Germans also died - 50 were killed defending the French foreign office building. It has also been a time of summary justice for suspected collaborators. Tonight the retribution continues, along with a vast explosion of joy which will culminate tomorrow in parades. But behind the celebrations, a grim power struggle has been taking place.

    De Gaulle had appealed to Eisenhower to take Paris without delay. Ike refused; he did not want to risk a bloody street-by-street battle, nor was he ready to take responsibility for feeding four million people. But de Gaulle argued that the uprising against the Germans in Paris and the denunciation of “collaborators” were being used by the communists as a cover for eliminating their opponents. He ordered Leclerc to detach his 2nd Armoured Division from the Allied command and head for Paris.

    Paris: The relative swiftness of the liberation of Paris is in large measure owing to the bravery of the French capital’s own citizens. At least 3,000 were killed over the last week, along with 2,000 Germans.

    On 18 August, the Resistance announced a general strike. The next day, French policemen occupied the Prefecture of Police and a general insurrection was declared by the Parisian Liberation Committee (CPL) and the National Council of the Resistance (CNR). On 20 August barricades went up, the Hotel de Ville [City Hall] was captured and German troops and installations were attacked. Soldiers were killed and military vehicles set alight. General von Cholitz, the German military commander of Paris, agreed to an offer from the Resistance of a ceasefire “until the German evacuation of Paris.”

    But SS units refused to co-operate, and on 22 August the Resistance leaders decided to break the truce. Hitler was also sending von Cholitz orders to crush the uprising. Paris, said the Fuhrer, must be held of “fall into the hands of the enemy only as a heap of rubble.”

    At nine o’clock last night, however, the church bells of Paris announced that the first units of Leclerc’s 2nd Armoured Division had reached the Hotel de Ville. Von Cholitz ignored Hitler’s orders. The Parisians had won.

    The British XXX Corps enters Vernon on the Seine. The XII Corps prepares to cross at Louviers. Canadian forces liberate Elbeuf.

    The US VIII Corps begins a major attack on Brest. This attack is assisted by HMS Warspite bombarding with HMCS Assiniboine forming part of the screen.

    Troops from the US 3rd Infantry Division entered Avignon in southern France today as the liberation gains pace. Grenoble has also fallen, and though German forces still hold out in the ports of Toulon and Marseilles, elsewhere their compatriots are in retreat.

    The Allied advance in southern France began on 15 August with the Operation DRAGOON landings on the Riviera between Toulon and Cannes. From the outset the Allies encountered little German resistance; the Nineteenth Army under General Friedrich Wiese had only seven divisions to cover the entire coastline. Within three days nearly 100,000 troops from the US Seventh Army under Lt-Gen Alexander Patch, including the French Army B under General jean de Tassigny, were ashore. Inland the Maquisard [Resistance] fighters were also active, tying up German reserves (and being the first to enter Grenoble).

    With the Nineteenth Army weakened by withdrawals to fight the Allies in Normandy, the Germans were in no position to defend on the southern flank, and for once Hitler recognized this. On 16 August the Fuhrer gave the order for the gradual withdrawal of German forces in southern France to a line from Sens through Dijon to the Swiss border. The coded order, which in effect told the Allies that their progress would be unimpeded, was deciphered and conveyed to their land forces.

    The Allied forces have advanced in two directions: by the mountains via Digne and Gap to Grenoble, and the coast towards Avignon from where the US Seventh Army and French II Corps plan to head up the Rhone valley to Lyons. With Hitler’s order, and the success of Operation DRAGOON, the collapse of Vichy France has been swift. The Vichy premier, Pierre Laval, was compelled to leave Paris on 17 August, after refusing to leave in the hope of negotiating with the Allies; Marshal Petain was abducted from Vichy four days later. Both men are now being held in Belfort.

    - The US Ninth Air Force sends about 240 A-20 Havocs and B-26s to attack various enemy strongholds in and around Brest supporting the ground forces’ attempt to capture Brest harbor; fighters provide air cover for 5 divisions, fly armed reconnaissance along the Seine River, and sweeps in wide areas around Paris which is liberated; fighters of the IX Tactical Air Command raid, and set afire with napalm tanks, the reported HQ of Field Marshall Walter Model (Commander-in-Chief West) and Verzy.

    - A-20s of the US Twelfth Air Force hit targets of opportunity during the night of 24/25 August, and during the day fly armed reconnaissance over the Rhone Valley and hit ammunition stores; B-25s and B-26s attack Rhone River bridges at Avignon, Culoz, Saint-Alban-du-Rhone, Pont d’Ain, and Loyes, and hit gun positions around Marseille.

    - U-178 is scuttled at Bordeaux, France as she was not seaworthy in time to escape the Allied advance.

    - U-667 is sunk in the Bay of Biscay near La Rochelle, in position 46.00N, 01.30W, by a mine in the minefield Cinnamon. All 45 men on the U-boat are lost.

    GERMANY: U-3015 laid down.
    U-3505 and U-3006 launched.
    U-2328 commissioned.
    U-242 sank Soviet survey ship KKO-2 and barge VRD-96 Del’fin.
    U-480 sank SS Orminster.
    U-764 sank HMS LCT-1074 with two GNAT torpedoes.

    AUSTRIA: One USAAF Fifteenth Air Force heavy bomber based in Italy bombs a railroad bridge as a target of opportunity.

    CZECHOSLOVAKIA: B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force based in Italy bomb four targets, three of them in Brno: 82 bomb the Kurim aircraft factory at Brno, 80 bomb Brno Airfield and 79 bomb the Lison aircraft engine factory at Brno; one bomber is lost. The fourth target is Prostejov Airfield which is hit by 71 bombers with the loss on one.

    HUNGARY: Three bombers of the USAAF Fifteenth Air Force hit targets of opportunity including a railroad bridge.

    FINLAND: The Finnish ambassador in Stockholm G. A. Gripenberg meets the Soviet ambassador Alexandra Kollontay and hands her a letter written by Foreign Minister Enckell. In the letter Enckell informs the Soviet government that Finland is willing to start peace negotiations in Moscow. On the same day Finland officially informs Germany that the promise made by the ex-President Risto Ryti to Ribbentrop (that Finland shall not make peace unless in full agreement with Germany) is in force no more.

    ESTONIA: Tartu is liberated by Soviet forces under Masiennikov. This is an important point in the German defence lines.

    ITALY: The British 8th Army begins a new offensive across the River Metauro in Italy, towards the Gothic Line. This involves the British V Corps, the Polish Corps and the Canadian I Corps and makes good progress. The Germans, taken by surprise, offer only ineffective oppostion.

    73 RAF Liberators of No. 205 (Heavy Bomber) Group visually bomb the marshalling yard and canal at Ravenna.

    The US Fifteenth Air Force in Italy attacks targets in CZECHOSLOVAKIA: 300+ B-17s and B-24s supported by P-38s and P-51s bomb aircraft factories at Brno and Kurim and airfields at Brno and Prostejov.

    From an olive grove overlooking an Italian valley, Winston Churchill watched today as his Eighth Army began its advance towards the Gothic Line. “This was the nearest I got to the enemy and the time I heard most bullets in the Second World War,” he recorded later.

    The offensive has been planned by General Oliver Leese, the Eighth Army’s commander. He has moved his forces from the west of Italy to attack on the eastern flank of the Apennines. The aim is to cross the Foglia river, break through the newly-completed defensive line near the Adriatic coast and clear the way for a mass tank breakout into the flood-plain of the Po valley. A tough fight is expected. Ten German infantry divisions face the Allies.

    BLACK SEA: U-18 and U-24 are scuttled at Konstanza in position 44.12N, 28.41E. 8 men are killed on the U-18.

    CHINA: 3 US Fourteenth Air Force B-24s bomb Kowloon docks in Hong Kong.

    KURILE ISLANDS: a US Eleventh Air Force B-24 flies reconnaissance over Shasukotan, Onnekotan, and Harumukotan Islands but drops no bombs due to accurate AA fire.

    PACIFIC OCEAN: Bob Hope was at Biak on 25 August 1944 putting on a special show for the Air Corps. He is seen in the “Jolly Rogers” staff car holding a captured Japanese flag which was presented to him. The Jolly Roger’s squadron got all the limelight. (Denis Peck)

    US Seventh Air Force B-24s from Saipan Island hit the airfield on Iwo Jima Island and a B-24 bombs Yap Island.

    US Far East Air Force B-24s strike Koror and Malakal Islands, Palau Islands, Caroline Islands.

    CANADA: Frigate HMCS Capilano commissioned.
    Frigate HMCS Royalmount commissioned.

  • DE GAULLE REPORTED LEADING SMASH INTO PARIS; DEEP ALLIED DRIVES TIGHTEN POCKET AT SEINE (8/25/44)

    08/25/2014 4:33:25 AM PDT · 8 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to Homer_J_Simpson

    http://www.onwar.com/chrono/1944/aug44/25aug44.htm#

    Allies liberate Paris
    Friday, August 25, 1944 www.onwar.com

    Cholitz (left) surrenders to Leclerc (center) [photo at link]

    On the Western Front... The French 4th Armored Division (General Leclerc) enter Paris. German garrison commander, General Chollitz, disobeys orders to the contrary and surrenders the city. To the northwest of Paris, forces of British 21st Army Group capture Vernon, Louviers and Elbeuf on the approach to the Seine River line. In Brittany, the US 8th Corps launches an attack on Brest were the German garrison continues to resist. The HMS Warspite shells the town.

    In Southern France... American forces of US 7th Army capture Avignon in the advance westward. Most of the German 19th Army is withdrawing northward up the Rhone valley. The garrisons in Marseilles and Toulon continue to resist.

    In Italy... The British 8th Army launches a new offensive over the Metauro River on the eastern side. The German defenders are caught by surprise. The British 5th Corps, Polish 2nd Corps and Canadian 1st Corps are involved in the attack.

    On the Eastern Front... In Estonia, Soviet troops of the 3rd Baltic Front capture Tartu, unhinging the German defense in the area.

    In Bucharest... The Romanian government declares war on Germany.

    In Washington... At Dumbarton Oaks, senior Allied representatives meet to discuss postwar security.

  • DE GAULLE REPORTED LEADING SMASH INTO PARIS; DEEP ALLIED DRIVES TIGHTEN POCKET AT SEINE (8/25/44)

    08/25/2014 4:27:23 AM PDT · 7 of 70
    Homer_J_Simpson to r9etb; PzLdr; dfwgator; Paisan; From many - one.; rockinqsranch; 2banana; henkster; meandog; ...
    Nazis Still in City (Denny) – 2-3
    U.S. Sweep South of Paris Further Splits Up Enemy (Middleton) – 3-6
    War News Summarized – 6
    Kishinev is Taken (Lawrence) – 7
    Russia Offers Way to Help Rumania – 8
    1,900 U.S. ‘Heavies’ Rip Nazi Oil Sites – 8
    Robot Wrecks a Famous Building as Germans Intensify Assaults – 8
    A Resting Place for Heroes on Guam (photo) – 9
    Present Status of War in Europe (Baldwin) – 10
    The Texts of the Day’s Communiques on the Fighting in Various War Zones – 11-13