Free Republic 3rd Quarter Fundraising Target: $88,000 Receipts & Pledges to-date: $77,936
Woo hoo!! And now over 88%!! Less than $10.1k to go!! Let's git 'er done!! Thank you all very much!!

Posts by Manly Warrior

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • Atlanta-Area Cop Likely Shot by Fellow Officer After Entering Wrong Home

    09/02/2015 8:48:57 AM PDT · 35 of 43
    Manly Warrior to Blackyce

    Lesson to be learned here:
    1. Lock your doors

    2. Install security hinges and a dead bolt ( two, preferably)

    3. Post our street number in bold reflective numbers on l doors, front and back

    4. Plan for home invasion scenarios, discuss regularly with all family members, including children

    5. Probably re-think any plans on “clearing ad securing” your residence other than to roundup all occupants and move to the safe room

    6. Never assume that you will be thought of as “the good guy” by anyone entering you home-act accordingly

  • Judge orders Rowan clerk to appear in court Thursday after she again denies marriage licenses

    09/02/2015 5:08:07 AM PDT · 16 of 42
    Manly Warrior to Tupelo

    SCOTUS decreed that Dred Scott was property and had t be returned to a slave status from a non slave state, so that’s the value of SCOTUS in many aspects. In that case, the SCOTUS WAS actually upholding the laws of the day, not creating legislation/rights out of thin air and political hack.

    The people via elected legislators make the laws, not the judges or administration, they only serve to clarify and implement. These days they seem to neither very well.

  • Female Rangers – How General Odierno Saved the Ranger Program and Army’s Warrior Culture.

    08/31/2015 12:33:29 PM PDT · 23 of 40
    Manly Warrior to wardaddy

    Was there a cogent point in your comments? I did not see one, but then I am mostly Neanderthal in my make up. Sorry, but that is the way it is.

    If we cherry pick one in ten million gals to do the work of one male ranger or SF type, is there any sense in that? Golly, let’s sift through a million people to find one of a particular bent when there are 2000 of another? waste, fraud and abuse, not to mention the risk to those males that know they won’t be rescued by Molly Pitcher with a tab.

  • Female Rangers – How General Odierno Saved the Ranger Program and Army’s Warrior Culture.

    08/31/2015 8:50:55 AM PDT · 8 of 40
    Manly Warrior to wardaddy

    But it is when it all comes down to it. M lovely wife loves me, but she cannot pick me up and carry to safety even if she wanted to. “A man has got to know his limits”.

    As a 5’11” 190 lb man, I know that I can and have carried heavier men than I, but when the differential approaches 40% less strength per lb (female compared to male), and more than 40-80 lbs body weight, you know the answer.

    150 lb female x .6 = 90 lb male equivalent, see it now?

  • [VANITY] Firearms advice needed

    08/30/2015 3:00:35 PM PDT · 44 of 118
    Manly Warrior to PinkChampagneonIce

    Hey, great decision on a carry gun for self and family protection! As a former professional firearms “user”, now jut concerned about self/family protection...

    Here is my advice- do not take any advice on a website at face value- mine included!

    Go to a reputable firearms trainer ( no, not a gun seller!). Get training and understanding about what you are about to embark on, then you can make an informed choice.

    Too many folks buy on advice and not experience- I say it is worth maybe $400 spent on an NRA certified Pers Protec in/out the home as well as basic firearm safety, then spend money wisely on the specific tools- firearm, holsters, spare mags/carriers etc.

    When you became of age to drive, you just didn’t go buy a car and then learn how, right? even more so with a firearm.

    You can go to the NRA website ( and look up NRA certified instructors in your area.

    You also could check out professional training organizations, but they usually require travel and lodging and rather costly tuition, maybe later for you.

    Some will say get a revolver vice an auto or vice versa, but both require effort and skill, and many find one or the other more comfortable and more accurate that the other- so get training, then decide after having the opportunity to handle several types etc.

    Disclaimer- yes I am a former military/civilian firearms/tactics trainer and later an NRA certified Instruction-but no longer in the business.


  • Fatal Firearm Accidents vs Private Gun Ownership 1965-2013

    08/29/2015 5:03:26 AM PDT · 5 of 19
    Manly Warrior to marktwain

    The real value lesson here is that the data shows something like a 95% reduction in firearm accidents since 1900- almost reaching the statistically improbable rate of perfection ( show me any other accident mechanism that has similar results!).

    Other activities/objects need to look at firearms safety as a test case of how to reduce risk.

  • Concealed Carrier Robbed of Gun in Philadelphia

    08/23/2015 9:45:01 AM PDT · 25 of 25
    Manly Warrior to marktwain

    Sorry, but the author is using an isolated incident to make a point- not very rational one at tht.

    Open carry is fin if you want to put yourself I a posture that requires even more vigilance. What I mean is this- most OC types are not wearing uniform gear designed to thwart removal of the arm by anyone other than the wearer. Most OCers wear non-retention holsters and flimsy clothing-at least the ones I have been seeing locally. A guy in shorts, no belt, a tucked in T shirt and a nylon paddle type holster surrounding a 1911 in cocked an locked config. I thought for a moment of how easy it could be to disarm the guy- he never even looked back at e while in line-seemed to have no/little SA. Scary.

    OC deterrent? I don’t really see it that way. YRMV, of course, and it is a free country.

    I’ll continue to look aware, be aware and have a mindset that allows me to practice eye-contact, friendly vocabulary and assertive but comfortable demeanor and manner of dress and a smile as I semi-consciously assess how to neutralize you as I share the gospel of hope and salvation.....


  • Birthright Citizenship -- A Fundamental Misunderstanding of the 14th Amendment

    08/19/2015 10:47:12 AM PDT · 15 of 23
    Manly Warrior to drpix

    Yes, “subject to the jurisdiction” means a lot more than occupying space within the borders of the US. Illegals are not draftable into service, cannot hold office, cannot vote etc, so they are NOT “subject tot he jurisdiction”.

    Been sayig this for years. What has been so hard to understand?

    An American born of German immigrants to the US, in the US was visiting Germany just prior to a WW, for get which, he was called into the wermacht and objected- the German court found that he was not “subject” to the jurisdiction of the German government as he was a natural citizen of the US....

    Why cannot we get that basic principle?

    The 14th was clearly aimed at granting citizenship to non-persons (slaves/former slaves) who were born in the US prior to he civil war and following. Prior to this they were property, then “emancipated” property by the illegal declaration of a president ( due process. Of course slavery/invol servitude for other than conviction of crime in a court is immoral.

  • Bleeding victim of black-gang shooting: Forgive them - Teen attackers shoot man in both legs

    08/19/2015 5:11:38 AM PDT · 29 of 44
    Manly Warrior to SWAMPSNIPER

    Not sure he is a coward, just un-trained and ill prepared for reality. Many of us who express our resolve are not likely armed at his very moment- are you? ( I am, my sidearm at hand while I have my coffee and read the news....)

    I would like to see a follow-up 12 months from now- I’d bet a good steak that the couple will have rethought their lives a bit and now that he is disabled will have obtained both training and arms appropriate to the task at hand-living peacefully among the heathen.

    He has too much to lose to keep his head in the sand.


  • Two Female Ranger Students Set To Graduate

    08/19/2015 4:53:04 AM PDT · 109 of 121
    Manly Warrior to FreeAtlanta

    While I retired in 2006, I still am closely associated with the Army of today. I see young men and women who love the USA and will learn how to be better than otherwise.

    Drill Sgts still drill, Instructors still instruct. Has content changed? Sure-as it must in an ever changing tech world. Are Warriors still being taught how to fight kill and survive? Yes- but perhaps not the same way I was trained 30 years ago. My Father told me the standards had changed when I discussed BCT/Airborne/Ranger Sapper schools with him. He served in the 50’s

    The one thing that is troubling of course is the philosophy -secular humanism continues to roll onward towards complete undoing of all things Holy and ordained of God. However, that process permeates the whole of civilization, not just our military and naval forces. The environment you live and work in shows the same stresses of that process as well so don’t just lambast the military-they are a by product of us. We stand, they stand we sit back, they do so as well. They still are us, and we they.

    It is ours to influence, so what are we doing at home (TV?Family/Neighborhood?) let alone national issues?


  • State Dept.: Classified Emails on Hillary’s Server Aren’t All ‘Spy Thriller’ Caliber

    08/19/2015 4:40:48 AM PDT · 11 of 44
    Manly Warrior to Gaffer

    Let’s not forget that once a device or media is used for classified data, itself becomes classified and is required to be securely stored ( not in your lawyers office either)until it is destroyed or wiped by the guys in the lab etc.

    There are so many crimes involved here.

    She is done.

    When I worked at a Joint HQs, there were so many thumb drives, laptops, cell phones and other electronics surrendered to security that we had a dedicated team just to wipe/destroy etc all of it. It all became gov property once it passed the entrance security desk..... Sorry about that blackberry, Major, you should have left it your vehicle. Sign here, move along. Out going stuff ( things brought in and then found on the way out) brought the owner/violator to the CE officers desk for a good frank discussion about career and fed jails....

  • Two Female Ranger Students Set To Graduate

    08/17/2015 6:41:46 PM PDT · 13 of 121
    Manly Warrior to Conscience of a Conservative

    My hat is off to them-even though they failed out and got “restart” ( of the men who failed Darby-how many got a “bye” and allowed to restart?).

    Even with a mulligan ( which would allow the gals to recheck their motivation and get a running start the second time through), it was tough. I did not make it as a young 24 YO marathoner/triathlete and seasoned Infantryman-broke a leg. Never went back and don’t regret it!

    Have the standards been lowered? I doubt it. Telling a Ranger to “take it easy” just doesn’t fly.


  • Safe given to lawyer among irregularities seen in review of Hillary Clinton emails

    08/16/2015 7:44:13 PM PDT · 8 of 53
    Manly Warrior to jazusamo

    Did the lawyer have access to the drive? Does he hold a TSI/SCI/SI etc class? Basically we allowed unvetted sensitive info to be unsecured for months. The government is our worst enemy in this fiasco. Clinton is a crook. DOJ/DOS all are negligent. Clinton was a servant of the people, not some royalty.

  • Reading The Autopsies Again [Waco]

    08/16/2015 5:44:34 PM PDT · 74 of 109
    Manly Warrior to Manly Warrior

    Yikes! Made a tech error myself- bore diameter of .218, groove/bullet diameter of .224

    skulking emoticon inserted here.

  • Christian preachers on Oregon sidewalk attacked by man with 'police protection'

    08/15/2015 7:56:22 PM PDT · 23 of 33
    Manly Warrior to headstamp 2

    The Lord did indeed tell the disciples to sell their cloak to buy a sword if they did not have one. They had two, and Jesus told them that was enough. The clear meaning in plain English is arms for defense are certainly appropriate.

  • Reading The Autopsies Again [Waco]

    08/15/2015 5:22:07 AM PDT · 8 of 109
    Manly Warrior to don-o

    When I see a blatant error in specifics in the first few lines of an article, I tend to balk a bit. The 5.7 and 556 both have a bullet diameter of .224 nominal and a groove diameter of .218, the 5.7 is a 22 caliber as is the 556/223 Rem.
    Okay, so on to the next issue. The velocity 556-(somewhat, if fired from a carbine 14.5 or 16 inch bbl, the MV of which would be more in the range of 2700-285, compared to the MV of a 20 inch bbl M16 A2/4 firing M855 ball (3150 fs). The carbine loses the ability to fragment ball bullets at about 90m, the rifle maintains that ability to about 200m. Of course, most LE would not be using mil ball ammo, but boutique LE ammo loaded with modern bonded dual metal ( gilding metal jacket, lead alloy core) or monometal gilding metal BTHPs of usually 55-77 grains. These bullets do not behave like ball FMJ, rather than penetrating a few inches, then yawing due to media change( the bullet is stabile in air, not flesh etc) then breaking or fragmenting into multiple parts, normally two core sections and fragments which penetrate to a few more inches-maybe 12-18” in gelatin, these LE or hunting bullets “mushroom” and stay oriented forward, destroying tissues via expansion. They likely would fragment if striking bone.

    If fired from a “sniper” rifle, I expect the velocities to remain high-higher than from a 14.5/16 or 20 inch platform- common LE sniper rifles wear bbls from 20 to 26 inches in length, with each inch adding more velocity as powder burn/pressure efficiency increases. From high velocity platforms, expect more violent expansion/disruption of the bullet regardless of the construction.

    If the rest of the article is correct, and wounds were found to be mainly small caliber/high velocity as expected from rifles of 22 caliber, then I very much doubt that bikers were wearing a bunch of M4 carbines/FnP90s and were wearing concealed stilts to inflict downward wound trajectories that magically disappeared after the bodies hit the floor and the police “secured” the scene. Not in this reality anyway.

    When you hear hoof beats, think horses, not Zebras, unless you are in Africa......

  • What everyone with a Top Secret security clearance knows – or should know

    08/14/2015 5:14:54 PM PDT · 15 of 45
    Manly Warrior to Faith Presses On

    As a former TS/SCI/SI type, anything government related is required to be processed on a gov server/system. To use private comms while serving in a public position is just asking for indictment of “what are you trying to hide”?

    She ain’t the queen, never will be.

  • GROSSU: Margaret Sanger, racist eugenicist extraordinaire

    08/03/2015 6:07:26 PM PDT · 6 of 6
    Manly Warrior to boycott

    When Clinton was given that award, I commented to my boss, a liberal university professor, that Sanger was a racist who advocated the eradication of the American negro and he thought I was nuts ( well...) Any way a junior researcher in the car googled it and read the report aloud. Doc Rooney was aghast! He said we were “ in collusion against him-” we were “conspiring conservatists” etc. A few week later Doc Rooney called me and said he was truly amazed at the truth- he could not believe that we were indeed correct. He remained a foolish liberal until the last time I saw him- a few years back now. At least he looked it up himself and acknowledged the truth.

  • My Wife is Mentally Ill

    07/28/2015 8:11:26 AM PDT · 114 of 166
    Manly Warrior to rfreedom4u


    From one oathkeeper to another, keep your oath.

    Being a warrior isn’t easy, neither is being a husband or father, but it is yours to do honorably.

    Semper Fidelis- to God, Family and Country.

    I pity those who would jump ship or tell another to so do. I do, however, feel your pain.

  • Appendix Carry: Because Who Needs Two Testicles?

    07/26/2015 7:03:15 PM PDT · 4 of 6
    Manly Warrior to NRx

    I prefer to not intentionally point a weapon at something I do not wish to destroy. Appendix carry, espc. when seated, points a weapon at your central vascular system and lower spine-forget the testes. Hmm.

    That said, I carry strong side (LH) even in a vehicle- yes I cannot draw or point very effectively to the left, so my BUG is my go to when seated in my vehicle (weak side, next to my spare mag) but I also have a 6k lb weapon running and ready to go....

    Whatever choice you make, exercise the task steps safely and privately ( in a car-garage) and mentally review very regularly.

    Pick your poison I suppose.

  • Missouri lawmakers to investigate Planned Parenthood site after controversial video

    07/20/2015 5:37:22 PM PDT · 4 of 6
    Manly Warrior to Theodore R.

    At least several of our legislators are investigating the only abortion mill in the state. Are your legislators doing anything in regard to this issue in your state?

    Yeah, sigh, Nixon is a lib, as is McCaskill and Clever and.... and our metro areas elect decidedly leftist candidates and we are working on it (but as Jefferson alluded, large cities are beds of sickness, more or less).


  • US Army plans to cut 40,000 troops over next two years

    07/11/2015 7:49:44 AM PDT · 35 of 35
    Manly Warrior to archy


    Not sure of your point? Today as the we have AD Corps and a mix of AD and RNG combat division, and USAR Tng divisions/etc. I have been in Hqs where the majority of combat units were ARNG, with a mix of AD Cbt and Spt elements- just as then, when we mobilize we increase units in each echelon- an Army may get a corps or two, a Division may see a few more Regiments etc. The span of control increases just as then. Remember, If Patton and 6 Corps ( three sta cmds) and 42 Dvs, and each div had only 3 regiments ( BG Cmds in the day) then he would have had about 130 General officer or senior G staffs and Ast/dep Cdrs, no?

    I agree- cut GS/contractors and get decent officers and NCOs into those slots to assure institutional continuity, but clean the ranks as well. We certainly can use those who retired/separated, but not as second careers in m opinion-too much waste fraud and abuse as well a high cost ( from a different pot of money though). Disclosure_ I worked post retirement as a contractor and a consultant for 7 years- and I saw a whole new world of insider activity that I never thought my peers and superior ranks would engage in. It soured me fully on this topic. Keep green suiters in the ranks longer and in the school houses/R&D functions rather than padding contracting companies while paying low wages to the former warriors who have so much t offer.

    I made for example, ~$63k per year FTE, but my company made well over $125k in my costs plus overhead-and my organization was known for low overhead. Some I hear are in the 200+% range and legally doing so.

    Recently, I learned tht some contractors were hiring formerly FTEs on “on-call” basis w/ zero benefits to be competitive at h contracting level- what kind of retention would they have for a retired E8-to-O5/6 who can find full time work outside the M/I complex? Who is the loser? The troops who they are supposed to be training. Keep the green suiters in the house longer they have a vested interest in doing it right- they may find the students they trained covering their 6 next assignment....

  • Ethanol and Biodiesel: Guilty as Charged

    07/11/2015 7:32:30 AM PDT · 16 of 51
    Manly Warrior to Kaslin

    Here is a sort paper I wrote on the subject of Alt fuels for a MS in Environmental Mgmt a while back...

    Alternative Fueled Vehicles (AFVs), or those that use fuels other than 100% petroleum products, are on the scene using technologies designed primarily for gasoline and diesel internal combustion engines (ICE). These fuels are touted to offer reductions in emissions, increased sustainability and other advantages over petroleum fueled vehicles. While all of these fuels certainly have some merit and utility, they also present technological issues that makes gasoline and diesel fuels premier. None of these fuels equal the cost/benefit ratio of petroleum fuels in terms of energy per unit volume or cost of production. Some approach or equal petroleum fuels in ease and safety in storage and transport (ethanol, biodiesel), but others pose significant risks to the public due to the nature of the on-board storage requirements, namely compressed natural gas (CNG) and propane. Still, even though some of these alternative fuels are known to be exceptionally harsh on engine components, all of them are reported to produce reduced emissions compared to petroleum fuels. Lastly, some concerns remain considering that some alternative fuels actually cost more in terms of energy expended to produce an equivalent unit of fuel and that some of the feedstocks required compete for food. We will see where alternative fuels and technologies lead-but barring a significant breakthrough in how we convert energy to work in vehicles, alternative fuels are at best a costly and less efficient means of powering vehicles.
    Keywords: AFV, ICE, efficiency, feedstocks, ethanol, CNG, propane, biodiesel, hydrogen, electrolysis

    According to the US government, the definition of Alternative Fuels are any fuels other than refined petroleum products ( Alternative Fueled Vehicles (AFVs) are thought to be the near ideal solution to the problem of current petroleum fueled versions of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles of today. However, whether that is true is yet to be seen. AFVs, or vehicles fueled by Ethanol, Propane, Biodiesel, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) or Hydrogen, are seen primarily in urban areas where usage can be centered around refueling stations. Alternative fuel usage falls into three distinct categories, those that use mature technologies such as CNG or propane (where a modified ICE burns other than gasoline); novel fuels that either use emerging technologies and low volumes of available “boutique” fuels (biodiesel, hydrogen) and finally, ethanol/ethanol enhanced fuels (E100, 85, 15, 10 etc) used in FlexFuel vehicles in conjunction with a ratio of gasoline. Actually, virtually all modern gasoline powered vehicles use ethanol diluted fuels, also called oxygenated fuels to reduce emissions. We will explore briefly these categories and attempt to address the common technological issues that each type displays.
    Technological Issues
    CNG and Propane
    Compressed natural gas and propane fuels are mobile uses of a normally fixed-location fuel source. We think of these two fuels as fuels used to generate electricity, heat homes and businesses and power production line heating systems. However, since the late 1960s, modified ICEs have been used to run vehicles on pressurized tanks of CNG and propane. Often these are most widely seen in the form of forklifts in warehouses or garbage trucks and mass transit buses in major metropolitan areas. There is a reason for the limited use of compressed hydrocarbon fueled vehicles. They burn a large volume of fuel for the energy stored and therefore need to be refueled often. Secondly, when was the last time you drove past a CNG or Propane filling station during a drive on the interstate? Also, while these hydrocarbon fuels burn rather cleanly, they still produce volumes of CO and CO2, along with associated ICE emissions simply from use in such a technology ( Two other minor but real issues exist as well:
    The risk of explosion of the fairly large, pressurized and exposed fuel tank during a high-speed collision or vehicle fires.
    Reduction in Cargo capacity due to the large volume and weight of the fuel tanks, which unlike gas or diesel fuel tanks, are pressure vessels, not just plastic or steel cans.
    “Boutique Fuels” (BioDiesel, Vegetable Oils and Hydrogen)
    Biodiesel and Vegetable Oils
    Biodiesel, or diesel fuels produced from non-petroleum based hydrocarbons (such as vegetable oils) have several technological issues that can degrade the utility of use in some circumstances. First, biodiesel thickens in cold weather, requiring additives of petroleum-based diesel fuel or similar compounds, effectively reducing the low emissions touted as the big reason for biodiesel in the first place; secondly, biodiesel contains less energy per unit volume than petroleum-based diesel, requiring the use of more fuel to obtain the same performance or work output, again, effectively offsetting emissions savings as well as increasing costs to perform the same work ( Finally, manufactures of most diesel engine equipped vehicles recommend use of only B2, B5 or B20 (2, 5 or 20% bio-diesel mix). Use of B100 requires extensive fuel system upgrades to protect critical seals and hoses from the corrosive effects of the fuel while the use of straight or waste vegetable oils (SVO, WVO) requires heating systems and secondary pumps to reduce the viscosity of vegetable oils adequately to enable it to be moved from tank to engine and injected at approximately 160 F (WVO Designs).
    Hydrogen; Gas or Liquid.
    Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the earth (McDonough), comprising up to 75% of all mass. It is a colorless, odorless gas in its natural state and is readily combustible with oxygen, producing water. It normally is found in a diatomic state, H2. Refining atmospheric hydrogen requires complicated pumps and compressors, as well as large amounts of energy inputs to separate and compress the gas into useable form. Additionally, hydrogen can be harvested from water by a process call electrolysis. Again, the process requires the use of heat or electricity to break apart water molecules to separate the hydrogen. Note that the amount of effort required to isolate and compress hydrogen into useable form exceeds its work output in both cases. It is obvious that equipment must be fabricated (energy input), harvesting conducted via compression or electrolysis (energy input) storage and transport (input) before the hydrogen fuel can be burned (output) therefore regardless of what else is said about how clean it is or how available it is, it still requires copious amounts of energy input to obtain any output. Therefore hydrogen cannot be a productive fuel. However, hydrogen, when burned, produces water, and in an ICE, maybe some residual NOx or SOx due to blow-by of lubricating oils into the combustion and exhaust stream. Finally, compared to gasoline, Hydrogen contains approximately the same energy per unit volume (Hydrogen Analysis Resource Center).

    Ethanol/Ethanol Enhanced Fuels
    Ethanol is an alcohol manufactured from feedstocks of vegetable materials ideally containing large percentages of starches and sugars. It is produced by fermentation of the sugars by yeasts which then excrete alcohol as a waste. Ethanol is highly flammable, has a high burn temperature and burns cleanly leaving only water and CO and CO2 as emissions. Ethanol has a higher relative octane equivalency than gasoline, which plays a part in its usefulness as an ICE fuel.
    Ethanol Enhanced Gasoline (E10, E15, E85)
    Normally gasoline in the US is found mixed with up to 15% ethanol as an oxygenator to reduce emissions. Some vehicles are rated to burn up to 85% (E85) ethanol. There are trade-offs however, when ethanol enhanced (or degraded?) fuels are used compared to gasoline:
    Lower BTU output compared to 100% gasoline
    Less mileage and performance with E10, E15 and E85 (up to 25% less!)
    Corrosive effects on seals and components of fuel systems
    There is one performance advantage of high ratio ethanol fuels over gasoline, however; a higher octane rating produces more horsepower and torque compared to gasoline (
    Using ethanol enhanced fuels reduces NOx and SOx emissions to some degree by increasing the burn temperature and completeness due to increased oxygen content of the fuel/air mixture, and is thus the most relevant reason for using ethanol in gasoline (US DOE).
    Once again, like hydrogen, ethanol production requires inputs of energy far greater than that of petroleum production, where the energy input of the fuel already exists in near-useable form. Therefore the BTU cost of ethanol, like that of hydrogen, makes the equation either a losing proposition or at best, with taxpayer subsidy, a lucrative business endeavor. Some research indicates that ethanol requires up 46% more energy input to make than it produces as a fuel, and that one tank of ethanol in a SUV would be the equivalent of 660 pounds of corn, enough to feed two people for a year (Pimentel, 2009)!
    Finally, issues remain that make ethanol fuels suspect for the consumer. First, some research indicates that ethanol production competes with food production in the US, as the most useful feedstock is corn. Removing amounts of corn from food production naturally impacts the availability of land for food production, especially when ethanol subsidies make it more lucrative to sell corn for fuel rather than for food. These arguments are often more political and economic than technologic, and therefore are mentioned only in passing.
    Summary and Conclusion
    While AFVs have merit as fuel sources, it seems that as long as these fuels are being used in conventional ICEs, there will be no significant breakthroughs in cost/benefit, efficiency or emissions for transportation or power production. Gasoline ICEs by design limitation and friction losses are only about 20-30% efficient, while direct injection diesel ICEs approach 40% efficiency ( Conventional gasoline and diesel fuels are the most viable cost-efficient fuels for this technology, but even with advances in ICE design and operation, we need a significant breakthrough in new technology for converting fuels to work to reduce costs and emissions. Until such a breakthrough is realized, petro-fuels (gasoline and diesel) remain the most cost effective, efficient and useful fuel. Where is Serendipity when you need her?

    Author’s Note:
    Maybe petroleum is indeed the fuel of the future, and that it is formed in a natural geologic, abiotic renewable process deep within the earth’s outer core as some scientists’ state? Petro=rock or mineral, Oleo= oil or fat; did the Greeks know something we don’t?

    Sorry for the formatting though.

  • US Army plans to cut 40,000 troops over next two years

    07/08/2015 8:22:43 AM PDT · 25 of 35
    Manly Warrior to SeekAndFind

    Pentagon, SECAR, Army CofS, G1 DCSPER:

    Here’s a novel idea, cut the 17k GS leaches which cost more and do much less (non-shooters), replace them with 17k of the troop reduction number, then fully implement retention standards to cull out the remaining 23k needed to trim the fat and dross, end up with a leaner, more motivated force while saving more money and increasing combat power and institutional depth.....

  • MO: State Supreme Court Upholds Strong Right to Arms Amendment

    07/06/2015 5:05:51 AM PDT · 2 of 13
    Manly Warrior to marktwain

    So, yes I suppose one needs to challenge the law regarding CCW ( 571 RSMO). Since my license is valid until 2019, I guess I am not injured by the laws right now. On the other hand, if I simply leave my CCW license home and eventually get the attention of a LEO, I could claim the Amendment negates my CCW license requirement, but since not having my license on my person while going about concealed is merely a citation, I doubt any traction would be gained; on the other hand, CCW licensees may carry openly any where not otherwise prohibited, once could draw attention perhaps much faster by open carry w/o license on hand.

  • Court Revives Challenge To Ban On Gun Sales To Americans Visiting From Abroad

    07/02/2015 5:53:58 PM PDT · 8 of 10
    Manly Warrior to familyop

    You really don’t mean that do you? Come on, a visiting Frenchman should be able to vote in a US presidential election if he just happens to be in town? Huh?

  • Dinosaur proteins and radiocarbon wreak ‘Jurassic World’ havoc. Latest creationist research...

    06/30/2015 5:28:34 AM PDT · 37 of 40
    Manly Warrior to Mean Daddy

    Well, D’souza seems like a good guy, but if he is quibbling about what is written as not being the singular truth, then he is just wrong. The term “it is written” means something. The thoughts of man on what might have been the way it happened is just that, thoughts of man. Yes, I do believe the account as it is written, otherwise, the rest of it is just as subject to risk as well.

  • Dinosaur proteins and radiocarbon wreak ‘Jurassic World’ havoc. Latest creationist research...

    06/29/2015 2:53:03 PM PDT · 34 of 40
    Manly Warrior to Manly Warrior

    correction: “then there is NO hope”

  • Dinosaur proteins and radiocarbon wreak ‘Jurassic World’ havoc. Latest creationist research...

    06/29/2015 2:50:56 PM PDT · 33 of 40
    Manly Warrior to montag813

    Because the thought that evolution occurred after God created requires death- which then requires a fallen world before the creation of man and therefore death predates God’s requirement that the woman’s seed will crush the serpents head- ie defeat Satan for the souls of (willing)men. If death and decay predates the killing of an animal by God to provide a covering (salvation, redemption from guilt)for man, then there is hope.

    Also, if man is simply a higher form of swamp pus, then what is man’s life really worth? God says He created man in His image and likeness, not that of an amoeba.


  • Dinosaur proteins and radiocarbon wreak ‘Jurassic World’ havoc. Latest creationist research...

    06/29/2015 9:03:29 AM PDT · 14 of 40
    Manly Warrior to montag813

    Yes, if you are referring to the fairy tale that “billions of years ago, in a swamp far away, on a world made from not even pixie dust, in a universe that spontaneously sprang from nothing into untold billions of tons of matter for no reason, that a spark of static electricity formed a protein that rather than decayed continued to become more and more complex until hundreds of thousands of life forms differentiated due to positive responses to changing conditions into the diverse earth we see today.... Yes indeed. And they walk among us without warning labels, yes.

    And, worst yet, all of this construct is formulated on the premise of “science” (a body of knowledge) which has not and cannot be replicated in a rational format, which flies in the face of the very mechanism touted to prove it (the scientific method).

    Scary huh? They teach our kids.

  • Handgun waiting period is still a good idea

    06/21/2015 7:18:38 AM PDT · 16 of 41
    Manly Warrior to rellimpank

    Left and Right,the same outcome at the radical ends of each-totalitarian control by a state over an oppressed people. Liberty remains and always will at odds with either proposition.

    Our nation decided that government should exist to secure the people’s liberty-and that the people are free to determine exactly how that government is shaped. Alas, too many of the people have determined that they can best obtain wealth and temporary security by forming a government that provides for the “welfare” of individual citizens, rather than the “general welfare” of the nation of people.

  • Why I Like 9mm

    06/18/2015 11:31:00 AM PDT · 35 of 107
    Manly Warrior to w1n1

    Those pretty perfectly expanded bullets in the picture are what happens in ballistic gel. Problem solving in the real world is not done in ballistic gel. Therefore, while a 9mm may expand, a 45 certainly won’t get smaller....

    And yes, .451 -.355=.086” in greater diameter, but last I checked, area is a function of r squared and pi, so .096” IS a bigger deal than simple diameter shows.

    9mm area is .0989 sq in, 45 is .1597 sq in, or a 45 is 162% larger in area than a 9mm.

    All said, indeed a hit with a 9 is much more effective than a miss with a 4, Finally, if a 45 is so much gun that you cannot shoot it well, then so is a 9mm. A 45 produces about 350 ft lbs of energy ( the same amount deliver to the target as delivered to the shooters hand) while the 9mm produces about 310 ft lbs. Not so much difference, espc in that most 9mm are much lighter, read greater free recoil) than a heavier 45....

    Solution- use what you like, practice a lot with that choice.

  • Why I Like 9mm

    06/18/2015 11:27:50 AM PDT · 32 of 107
    Manly Warrior to w1n1

    Those pretty perfectly expanded bullets in eh picture are what happens in ballistic gel. Problemsolving in thereal world are done in ballistic gel. Therefore, while a 9mm may expand, a 45 certainly won’t et smaller....

    And yes, .451 -.355=.086” in greater diameter, but last I checked, area is a function of r squared and pi, so .096” IS a bigger deal than simple diameter shows.

    9mm area is .0989 sq in, 45 is .1597 sq in, or a 45 is 162% larger in area than a 9mm.

    All said, indeed a hit with a 9 is much more effective ta a miss with a 4, Finally, if a 45 is so much gun that you cannot shoot it well, then so is a 99mm. A 45 produces about 350 ft lbs of energy ( the same amount deliver to the target as delivered to the shooters hand) while the 9mm produces about 310 ft lbs. Not so much difference, espc in that most 9mm are much lighter 9 read greater free recoil) than a heavier 45....

    Solution- use what you like, practice a lot with that choice.

  • St. Louis Zoo Obtains Restraining Order against the Exercise of Constitutional Rights

    06/17/2015 7:48:36 AM PDT · 21 of 21
    Manly Warrior to Crazieman

    Took the grand kids to the STL Zoo last month- saw the sign, carried as usual. The law states that entities may post against CC, but still carrying concealed is not a crime, just a citation (if somehow zoo folks learned that I was carrying), and then asked me to depart and I refuse and a peace officer is then called.

    I like MO! Now, CCW license holders may open carry anywhere other than the several otherwise restricted places, pre-empting city ordinances etc. ( I do not OC, I like to be able to be under everyones radar-its a survival thing, not a political activism thing.

  • MO: Would you Shoot a Suspect who Claimed to have a Gun?

    06/17/2015 7:41:13 AM PDT · 34 of 34
    Manly Warrior to Manly Warrior

    need to edit better- violet=violent etc.

  • MO: Would you Shoot a Suspect who Claimed to have a Gun?

    06/17/2015 7:38:38 AM PDT · 33 of 34
    Manly Warrior to LadyBuck

    Not necessarily. In MO, if you are found “justified”, then you are protected with an “affirmative defense” against civil suit. I track such situations and since 2006 when the law went into effect, thee have been zero civil suits filed against persons who were deemed “justified” in using force to protect themselves from a violet crime.

    Attorneys apparently know when they are presented a 100% probability of losing and not getting paid....

    Other states law may vary.

  • For Marine unit, a lost reputation in Afghanistan [now battles to restore]

    06/17/2015 7:15:52 AM PDT · 4 of 26
    Manly Warrior to rjsimmon

    Agreed, but....

    As a retired field grade officer I understand the complex problems many officer personnel encounter-that they serve at the pleasure of the president and the secretaries of the DOD and more senior flag officers above themselves-lots of pressure to do what they are told in order to be relevant career wise. They fail basic leadership 101- to break problems down into multiple easily defined and solvable problems, the bottom line being that they serve no one but the US Constitution-to protect and defend it from all enemies foreign and domestic, and to obey the laws (that congress passes and the administration enacts).

    Having served 23 years of enlisted & commissioned active duty (’83-’06), I can say with certainty that no training I ever encountered said what I summarized in a short paragraph. That is the travesty- the senior officers in the armed services (and all divisions of administration) are so bound in careerism and approval they forget what they signed up for (there are exceptions, however these seldom rise past O-8 (MajGen/RrAdm upper half).

    We need a congress that would reinforce the basic premise of service and demand saturation of those basic principle-but alas, we first need a congress that obeys their oaths of office first....

    Hmm, I find myself thinking of how in our form of government ( the necessary evil to protect essential and fundamental natural rights of all men)all power resides in the people themselves. Alas.

    Major, USA Ret

  • Should Unvaccinated Children Be Forced to Stay Home From School? [Parental Rights vs Public Health]

    06/10/2015 11:58:08 AM PDT · 34 of 36
    Manly Warrior to SeekAndFind

    Sooo, has anyone asked the question “so who are they gonna get sick, the vaccinated masses?”

  • If a military newbie is sent to fetch a bucket of prop wash, or keys to the submarine...

    06/06/2015 6:12:29 PM PDT · 103 of 105
    Manly Warrior to Jack Hydrazine

    Well, I was the Battalion Commanders gunner on a Brad fr a while, and he did not know that there indeed was a can of dry air for purging the thermal integrated sight unit- PFC Achayan ad I had fun with the LTC for a bit- he had a good sense of humor- later, years later after we both had retired from the Army, I had the pleasure of working with him on a research project- he was a Northrup Grumman guy and I was a university research scientist. He had made full Colonel ( a West Pointer) and I had made Major (from PVT).

  • If a military newbie is sent to fetch a bucket of prop wash, or keys to the submarine...

    05/31/2015 8:06:36 AM PDT · 16 of 105
    Manly Warrior to Jack Hydrazine

    Oh my, now having fun is no longer politically correct. I guess the box of grid squares, a can of track tension and the like are cause for issue.

    I suppose giving our new LT ( when I was an Infantry NCO) a ball peen hammer and having him tap the armor of our Bradley for soft spots would be a capital offense.

    Going too far, as in the Maritime example, is going too far, but most is just enough to keep folks sane enough to enjoy life!


  • Dad: soldier son killed in training crash deserves Arlington Cemetery burial

    05/30/2015 6:47:38 PM PDT · 35 of 44
    Manly Warrior to Kaslin

    So every Guardsman who dies during IADT deserves and exception? There is a rule for reason. Sorry, but there I stand. Once a Guardsman serves on federal active duty, he then apparently is qualified to be buried in a Natnl cemetery. Not all NG ( Army or Air) serve on federal AD. There is a difference in status per federal law, and should be. Let’s live by the laws we institute or let’s do away with thme all.

    Condolences to the Warriors family, He died serving his country and state with honor.

  • Texas hunter shoots endangered Namibian rhino for $350,000

    05/24/2015 4:44:56 PM PDT · 89 of 99
    Manly Warrior to Boonie

    No problem either way-its part of my philosophy of liberty-he bought a legal tag for a critter. The locals ate it, the animal dies anyway or is poached. Fits in with the LORDS directive to oversee/care for and subdue the world, as it was given or our benefit . Species by the 10ks or more have passed along the way of the dodo ( not necessarily by man’s hand).

    I kill and eat and display certain specimens of wild game. I would kill an inedible critter ( won’t eat a lion/cat) for trophy too, but have not for a while.

    W don’t live just for survival any longer, do we? his line of thought could extend to almost any thing not a necessary for life support....

    Finally, this guy did not just shoot it for a wall hanger-he spent $350k (plus airfare, lodging, gratuities and transport in Africa) to fund rhino conservation-that’s a bit more than a mount would cost....


  • Texas hunter shoots endangered Namibian rhino for $350,000

    05/24/2015 11:46:36 AM PDT · 79 of 99
    Manly Warrior to Boonie

    But man killing one isn’t? I guess we are part of nature only when it fits an agenda, otherwise, man is “un natural “ and therefore interfering. My, my, how nicely relative....

    Note- I have to slaughter a few chickens for the Memorial day BBQ tomorrow- gotta go “interfere” in nature’s process- oh, wait, already did- hand raised these meaty chicks 9 weeks ago....So I guess I’ll smoke that hen turkey I have left in the freezer from last fall along with some venison burgers and steaks....

    Perhaps I interfere too much?

  • Texas hunter shoots endangered Namibian rhino for $350,000

    05/24/2015 8:18:23 AM PDT · 40 of 99
    Manly Warrior to boycott

    Hunters pay 99.99% of the cost of preserving endangered species and the restoration of most others.

    Deer, bears, ducks, turtles, Mtn Lions, turkeys, Bison, Antelope, elk, Quail, etc etc all are plentiful in NA because of the monies paid by hunters to conserve.

    Most African species that are at risk are not due to hunting, but rather eating. Poaching for “medicinal” purposes continues to b a major factor in the slow or neutral/negative growth of certain species ( Rhino), but is remains that hunting thee as well provides nearly all of the funds to manage the critters in the fields.

    Kill eat conserve all go hand in had. Just because you don’t like it does not make it your issue. Come on, I thought I was on FR, not DKOS.

    facts, not feelings, right?

  • Special Forces Frustrated with Obama 'Hamstringing' Their Ops

    05/23/2015 1:20:38 PM PDT · 22 of 47
    Manly Warrior to diogenes ghost

    ROE, ROE. but ROI (return on Investment) has meaning for warriors of all branches too. When we leave body parts, blood and comrades on the turf which we then walk away from (giving back to the enemy), that is a poor ROI.

  • TX: Open Carry Passes Senate, with Dutton Amendment, on to Governor Abbott

    05/23/2015 6:19:37 AM PDT · 19 of 37
    Manly Warrior to marktwain

    Am I to assume that this TX open carry only applies to TX CHL holders?

    In MO, (my state of residence) any CHL holder can open carry, but non CHL holders cannot carry at all, except in vehicles etc.

    Soon I hope to see open/concealed carry w/o permit. I carry my Bible and free speech/assembly etc w/o permit....


    05/19/2015 5:35:09 PM PDT · 10 of 272
    Manly Warrior to ebb tide

    Think NWO, OWG and one approved religion.... It has always been about control.

  • Jade Helm: Marines train for internment of citizens under martial law

    05/16/2015 6:36:08 AM PDT · 22 of 45
    Manly Warrior to HomerBohn

    I wonder if the scenario will include the indigenous population being well armed and well trained in resistance, as most rural Americans are and would be.....

  • Cops, Prosecutors Disagree on Whether Freddie Gray's Knife Was Legal

    05/07/2015 12:09:43 PM PDT · 30 of 33
    Manly Warrior to Reno89519

    Indeed, you are correct- easy to regulate by .gov, however, arms is arms, notice in the GCA an PL, knives are included ( the ban on knives in fed gov buildings etc is in the same US code para 922 just like suppressors and handguns and body armor, all fall under “arms”). The reality is that firearms re th regulated tool of the era as they are considered most effective- early warriors used a gun, the dropped it and drew sabers, pikes, swords, knives etc, we in the profession of arms today carry much of the same tools- bayonets, fighting knives, handguns etc to do the same, we just rely on rifles and machine guns for the heavy lifting due to effectiveness.

  • Designer of 3-D-printed gun challenges feds to Constitutional duel

    05/07/2015 12:03:34 PM PDT · 33 of 40
    Manly Warrior to Syntyr

    The gent did not say one could create coordinate “systems” that depicted everything revolving around the earth. However, you could develop an XYZ system that shows how everything moves in relation to ONE point anywhere.

    The fact is that the planets do move in relation to the sun- they do indeed orbit it. However, if the earth was arbitrarily determined to be the central point, then the planets movement relative to the earth would be some trajectory, along with the sun and any other heavenly body. How do you think we get a Rover to Mars? We start with the earth and move from there, to Mars.