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Posts by Salvation

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  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 10:17:13 AM PDT · 26 of 38
    Salvation to .45 Long Colt

    Source?

  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 10:13:45 AM PDT · 25 of 38
    Salvation to fwdude

    He will know that day. Purgatory is not required for all.

  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 10:12:37 AM PDT · 24 of 38
    Salvation to Biggirl

    The sequel is entitled “Elijah in Jerusalem.” The first one just had the name of “Elijah.”

  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 10:10:47 AM PDT · 23 of 38
    Salvation to Biggirl

    Yes, there are two books by Michael O’Brien that have to do with a spy in the Vatican. We are reading the sequel this year.

  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 7:34:14 AM PDT · 2 of 38
    Salvation to nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; marshmallow; ...

    Monsignor Pope Ping!

  • Essential Catholic Teachings on the End Times

    08/23/2016 7:33:08 AM PDT · 1 of 38
    Salvation
    Lots to think about here.
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:47:46 PM PDT · 23 of 26
    Salvation to All



    The Angelus 

    The Angel of the Lord declared to Mary: 
    And she conceived of the Holy Spirit. 

    Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of
    our death. Amen. 

    Behold the handmaid of the Lord: Be it done unto me according to Thy word. 

    Hail Mary . . . 

    And the Word was made Flesh: And dwelt among us. 

    Hail Mary . . . 


    Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ. 

    Let us pray: 

    Pour forth, we beseech Thee, O Lord, Thy grace into our hearts; that we, to whom the incarnation of Christ, Thy Son, was made known by the message of an angel, may by His Passion and Cross be brought to the glory of His Resurrection, through the same Christ Our Lord.

    Amen. 


    "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you" (Lk 1:28) 

     "Blessed are you among women,
     and blessed is the fruit of your womb"
    (Lk 1:42). 

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:47:01 PM PDT · 22 of 26
    Salvation to All
    'Thus, the more violently they try to occupy the places of worship, the more they separate themselves from the Church. They claim that they represent the Church; but in reality, they are the ones who are expelling themselves from it and going astray.'

    St. Athanasius

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:45:16 PM PDT · 21 of 26
    Salvation to All
    Daily Gospel Commentary

    Tuesday of the Twenty-first week in Ordinary Time
    Commentary of the day
    Saint Peter Damian (1007-1072), hermit then Bishop, Doctor of the Church
    Opuscule 51 ; PL 145, 749f (Migne 1992, p. 125 rev.)

    "You have neglected the weightier things of the Law: judgment and mercy and fidelity"

             If you want to make your way along the road of true religion, doing the right thing with discretion and profit, then you need to be austere and hard with yourself but always appear happy and open with others, striving in your own heart to walk along the heights of uprightness while knowing how to stoop kindly towards those who are weak. In short, you should moderate the rigors of justice before the judgment of your conscience in such a way that you are not hard on sinners but open to forgiveness and indulgent…

    Consider your own sin to be dangerous and mortal; that of others, the weakness of the human condition. The fault that, in your own case, you consider worthy of severe correction, think of as only deserving a light tap of the stick in others. Don’t be more just than the just! Fear to sin but don’t hesitate to forgive the sinner. True justice is not that which throws the souls of the brethren into the pit of despair… How dangerous is the fire that, in burning up the bushes, threatens to consume the whole house with the fierceness of its flames. No, someone who willingly picks their way through other people’s failings will not avoid sin since, even if moved by the zeal for justice, sooner or later that person will fall into disparagement.

    Clearly, if our own life didn’t seem so successful to us, then that of others wouldn’t seem to us so shocking. And if, as should be the case, we were severe as judges of ourselves, the faults of others would not find in us such exacting censors.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:41:02 PM PDT · 20 of 26
    Salvation to All

    August 2016

    Pope's Intentions

    General Intention: Sports, That sports may be an opportunity for friendly encounters between peoples and may contribute to peace in the world.

    Evangelization: Living the Gospel, That Christians may live the Gospel, giving witness to faith, honesty, and love of neighbor.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:40:35 PM PDT · 19 of 26
    Salvation to All

    August Devotion -- The Immaculate Heart [of Mary]

    Since the 16th century Catholic piety has assigned entire months to special devotions. The month of August is traditionally dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. The physical heart of Mary is venerated (and not adored as the Sacred Heart of Jesus is) because it is united to her person: and as the seat of her love (especially for her divine Son), virtue, and inner life. Such devotion is an incentive to a similar love and virtue.

    This devotion has received new emphasis in this century from the visions given to Lucy Dos Santos, oldest of the visionaries of Fatima, in her convent in Tuy, in Spain, in 1925 and 1926. In the visions Our Lady asked for the practice of the Five First Saturdays to help make amends for the offenses given to her heart by the blasphemies and ingratitude of men. The practice parallels the devotion of the Nine First Fridays in honor of the Sacred Heart.

    On October 31, 1942, Pope Pius XII made a solemn Act of Consecration of the Church and the whole world to the Immaculate Heart. Let us remember this devotion year-round, but particularly through the month of August.

    INVOCATIONS

    O heart most pure of the Blessed Virgin Mary, obtain for me from Jesus a pure and humble heart.

    Sweet heart of Mary, be my salvation.

    ACT OF CONSECRATION
    Queen of the most holy Rosary, help of Christians, refuge of the human race, victorious in all the battles of God, we prostrate ourselves in supplication before thy throne, in the sure hope of obtaining mercy and of receiving grace and timely aid in our present calamities, not through any merits of our own, on which we do not rely, but only through the immense goodness of thy mother's heart. In thee and in thy Immaculate Heart, at this grave hour of human history, do we put our trust; to thee we consecrate ourselves, not only with all of Holy Church, which is the mystical body of thy Son Jesus, and which is suffering in so many of her members, being subjected to manifold tribulations and persecutions, but also with the whole world, torn by discords, agitated with hatred, the victim of its own iniquities. Be thou moved by the sight of such material and moral degradation, such sorrows, such anguish, so many tormented souls in danger of eternal loss! Do thou, O Mother of mercy, obtain for us from God a Christ-like reconciliation of the nations, as well as those graces which can convert the souls of men in an instant, those graces which prepare the way and make certain the long desired coming of peace on earth. O Queen of peace, pray for us, and grant peace unto the world in the truth, the justice, and the charity of Christ.

    Above all, give us peace in our hearts, so that the kingdom of God may spread its borders in the tranquillity of order. Accord thy protection to unbelievers and to all those who lie within the shadow of death; cause the Sun of Truth to rise upon them; may they be enabled to join with us in repeating before the Savior of the world: "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men of good will."

    Give peace to the nations that are separated from us by error or discord, and in a special manner to those peoples who profess a singular devotion toward thee; bring them back to Christ's one fold, under the one true Shepherd. Obtain full freedom for the holy Church of God; defend her from her enemies; check the ever-increasing torrent of immorality; arouse in the faithful a love of purity, a practical Christian life, and an apostolic zeal, so that the multitude of those who serve God may increase in merit and in number.

    Finally, even as the Church and all mankind were once consecrated to the Heart of thy Son Jesus, because He was for all those who put their hope in Him an inexhaustible source of victory and salvation, so in like manner do we consecrate ourselves forever to thee also and to thy Immaculate Heart, O Mother of us and Queen of the world; may thy love and patronage hasten the day when the kingdom of God shall be victorious and all the nations, at peace with God .and with one another, shall call thee blessed and intone with thee, from the rising of the sun to its going down, the everlasting "Magnificat" of glory, of love, of gratitude to the Heart of Jesus, in which alone we can find truth, life, and peace. — Pope Pius XII

    IN HONOR OF THE IMMACULATE HEART
    O heart of Mary, mother of God, and our mother; heart most worthy of love, in which the adorable Trinity is ever well-pleased, worthy of the veneration and love of all the angels and of all men; heart most like to the Heart of Jesus, of which thou art the perfect image; heart, full of goodness, ever compassionate toward our miseries; deign to melt our icy hearts and grant that they may be wholly changed into the likeness of the Heart of Jesus, our divine Savior. Pour into them the love of thy virtues, enkindle in them that divine fire with which thou thyself dost ever burn. In thee let Holy Church find a safe shelter; protect her and be her dearest refuge, her tower of strength, impregnable against every assault of her enemies. Be thou the way which leads to Jesus, and the channel, through which we receive all the graces needful for our salvation. Be our refuge in time of trouble, our solace in the midst of trial, our strength against temptation, our haven in persecution, our present help in every danger, and especially) at the hour of death, when all hell shall let loose against u its legions to snatch away our souls, at that dread moment; that hour so full of fear, whereon our eternity depends. An,; then most tender virgin, make us to feel the sweetness of thy motherly heart, and the might of thine intercession with Jesus, and open to us a safe refuge in that very fountain of mercy, whence we may come to praise Him with thee in paradise, world without end. Amen.

    Prayer Source: Prayer Book, The by Reverend John P. O'Connell, M.A., S.T.D. and Jex Martin, M.A., The Catholic Press, Inc., Chicago, Illinois, 1954

    Sacred Heart Of Jesus

    Sacred Heart Of Jesus image

    Immaculate Heart of Mary

    Immaculate Heart of Mary image

    Blessed be the Most Loving Heart and Sweet Name of Our Lord Jesus Christ and the most glorious Virgin Mary, His Mother, in eternity and forever. Amen.

    ....Only the Heart of Christ who knows the depths of his Father's love could reveal to us the abyss of his mercy in so simple and beautiful a way ----From the Catechism. P:1439

    From the depth of my nothingness, I prostrate myself before Thee, O Most Sacred, Divine and Adorable Heart of Jesus, to pay Thee all the homage of love, praise and adoration in my power.
    Amen. - -
    St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

    The prayer of the Church venerates and honors the Heart of Jesus just as it invokes his most holy name. It adores the incarnate Word and his Heart which, out of love for men, he allowed to be pierced by our sins. Christian prayer loves to follow the way of the cross in the Savior's steps.-- >From the Catechism. P: 2669

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes) The Salutation to the Heart of Jesus and Mary

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)   An Offering of the Hearts of Jesus and Mary

     

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes) Novena Prayer to Sacred Heart  of Jesus

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes) Prayer to the Wounded Heart of Jesus

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  Act of Consecration to the Sacred Heart

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  Meditation & Novena Prayer on the Sacred Heart

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes) Beads to the Sacred Heart

     

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  Novena Prayer to the Immaculate Heart of Mary

     WB01539_.gif (682 bytes) A Solemn Act of Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  The Daily Offering to the  Immaculate Heart of Mary

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  Exaltation of the Immaculate  Heart of Mary

    WB01539_.gif (682 bytes)  Prayer to the Blessed Virgin

    The Holy Heart of Mary Is, After the Heart of Jesus, the Most Exalted Throne of Divine Love
    Let us recollect that God has given us the feast of the most pure Heart of the Blessed Virgin so that we may render on that day all the respect, honor and praise that we possibly can. To enkindle this spirit within us let us consider our motivating obligations.

    The first is that we ought to love and honor whatever God loves and honors, and that by which He is loved and glorified. Now, after the adorable Heart of Jesus there has never been either in heaven or on earth, nor ever will be, a heart which has been so loved and honored by God, or which has given Him so much glory as that of Mary, the Mother of Jesus. Never has there been, nor will there ever be a more exalted throne of divine love. In that Heart divine love possesses its fullest empire, for it ever reigns without hindrance or interruption, and with it reign likewise all the laws of God, all the Gospel maxims and every Christian virtue.

    This incomparable Heart of the Mother of our Redeemer is a glorious heaven, a Paradise of delights for the Most Holy Trinity. According to St. Paul, the hearts of the faithful are the dwelling place of our Lord Jesus Christ, and Jesus Christ Himself assures us that the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost take up Their abode in the hearts of those who love God. Who, therefore, can doubt that the Most Holy Trinity has always made His home and established the reign of His glory in an admirable and ineffable manner in the virginal Heart of her who is the Daughter of the Father, the Mother of the Son, the Spouse of the Holy Ghost, who herself loves God more than all other creatures together?

    How much then are we not obliged to love this exalted and most lovable Heart?

    St. John Eudes

    Today: Immaculate Heart of Mary [DEVOTIONAL]

    The Immaculate Heart of Mary [Devotional] Catholic/Orthodox Caucus
    Devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
    Saturdays and the Immaculate Heart of Mary [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]
    The Brown Scapular (Catholic Caucus)
    The History of Consecration to the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Catholic Caucus)
    Homilies preached by Father Robert Altier on the Feast of the Immaculate Heart of Mary
    Marian Associations Unite to Celebrate Immaculate Heart
    Solemnity Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and Immaculate Heart of Mary
    FEAST OF THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, AUGUST 22ND
    Devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary

    fatimamary.jpg (14780 bytes)7_sorrows.jpg (66800 bytes)ihm.jpg (15545 bytes)marylily.jpg (17424 bytes)maryjesus.jpg (16542 bytes)
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:40:04 PM PDT · 18 of 26
    Salvation to All
    From an Obama bumper sticker on a car:
    "Pray for Obama. Psalm 109:8"

    PLEASE JOIN US - Evening Prayer
    Someone has said that if people really understood the full extent of the power we have available through prayer, we might be speechless.
    Did you know that during WWII there was an advisor to Churchill who organized a group of people who dropped what they were doing every day at a prescribed hour for one minute to collectively pray for the safety of England, its people and peace?

    There is now a group of people organizing the same thing here in America. If you would like to participate: Every evening at 9:00 PM Eastern Time (8:00 PM Central) (7:00 PM Mountain) (6:00 PM Pacific), stop whatever you are doing and spend one minute praying for the safety of the United States, our troops, our citizens, and for a return to a Godly nation. If you know anyone else who would like to participate, please pass this along. Our prayers are the most powerful asset we have. Please forward this to your praying friends.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:39:36 PM PDT · 17 of 26
    Salvation to All

    St. Michael the Archangel

    ~ PRAYER ~

    St. Michael, the Archangel, defend us in battle
    Be our protection against the wickedness
    and snares of the devil;
    May God rebuke him, we humbly pray,
    and do thou, O Prince of the heavenly host,
    by the power of God,
    Cast into hell Satan and all the evil spirits
    who prowl through the world seeking the ruin of souls.
    Amen
    +

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:39:04 PM PDT · 16 of 26
    Salvation to All
    Pray a Rosary each day for our nation.

    1. Sign of the Cross: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

    2. The Apostles Creed: I BELIEVE in God, the Father almighty, Creator of heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell; on the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty; from there He shall come to judge the living and the dead.

    I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

    3. The Lord's Prayer: OUR Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

    4. (3) Hail Mary: HAIL Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now, and in the hour of our death. Amen. (Three times)

    5. Glory Be: GLORY be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

    6. Fatima Prayer: Oh, my Jesus, forgive us our sins, save us from the fires of hell, lead all souls to heaven, especially those in most need of your mercy.

    Announce each mystery, then say 1 Our Father, 10 Hail Marys, 1 Glory Be and 1 Fatima prayer. Repeat the process with each mystery.

    End with the Hail Holy Queen:
    Hail, Holy Queen, Mother of Mercy, our life, our sweetness and our hope! To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve! To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this vale of tears! Turn then, most gracious advocate, thine eyes of mercy towards us; and after this, our exile, show unto us the blessed fruit of thy womb, Jesus!

    O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary! Pray for us, O holy Mother of God, that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.

    Final step -- The Sign of the Cross

    The Mysteries of the Rosary By tradition, Catholics meditate on these Mysteries during prayers of the Rosary. The biblical references follow each of the Mysteries below.

    The Sorrowful Mysteries

    (Tuesdays and Fridays)

    1. The Agony in the Garden (Matthew 26:36-46, Luke 22:39-46) [Spiritual fruit - God's will be done]
    2. The Scourging at the Pillar (Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, John 19:1) [Spiritual fruit - Mortification of the senses]
    3. The Crowning with Thorns (Matthew 27:27-30, Mark 15:16-20, John 19:2) [Spiritual fruit - Reign of Christ in our heart]
    4. The Carrying of the Cross (Matthew 27:31-32, Mark 15:21, Luke 23:26-32, John 19:17) [Spiritual fruit - Patient bearing of trials]
    5. The Crucifixion (Matthew 27:33-56, Mark 15:22-39, Luke 23:33-49, John 19:17-37) [Spiritual fruit - Pardoning of Injuries]

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:38:06 PM PDT · 14 of 26
    Salvation to All

     
    Jesus, High Priest
     

    We thank you, God our Father, for those who have responded to your call to priestly ministry.

    Accept this prayer we offer on their behalf: Fill your priests with the sure knowledge of your love.

    Open their hearts to the power and consolation of the Holy Spirit.

    Lead them to new depths of union with your Son.

    Increase in them profound faith in the Sacraments they celebrate as they nourish, strengthen and heal us.

    Lord Jesus Christ, grant that these, your priests, may inspire us to strive for holiness by the power of their example, as men of prayer who ponder your word and follow your will.

    O Mary, Mother of Christ and our mother, guard with your maternal care these chosen ones, so dear to the Heart of your Son.

    Intercede for our priests, that offering the Sacrifice of your Son, they may be conformed more each day to the image of your Son, our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Amen.

    Saint John Vianney, universal patron of priests, pray for us and our priests

    This icon shows Jesus Christ, our eternal high priest.

    The gold pelican over His heart represents self-sacrifice.

    The border contains an altar and grapevines, representing the Mass, and icons of Melchizedek and St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney.

    Melchizedek: king of righteousness (left icon) was priest and king of Jerusalem.  He blessed Abraham and has been considered an ideal priest-king.

    St. Jean-Baptiste Vianney is the patron saint of parish priests.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:35:10 PM PDT · 11 of 26
    Salvation to All
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:34:44 PM PDT · 10 of 26
    Salvation to All
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:33:45 PM PDT · 8 of 26
    Salvation to All

    Pray for Pope Francis.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:33:10 PM PDT · 7 of 26
    Salvation to All
    Scripture readings from the Jerusalem Bible by Darton, Longman & Todd

    Readings at Mass

    Liturgical Colour: Green.


    First reading
    2 Thessalonians 2:1-3,14-17 ©
    To turn, brothers, to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and how we shall all be gathered round him: please do not get excited too soon or alarmed by any prediction or rumour or any letter claiming to come from us, implying that the Day of the Lord has already arrived. Never let anyone deceive you in this way.
      It cannot happen until the Great Revolt has taken place and the Rebel, the Lost One, has appeared. Through the Good News that we brought he called you to this so that you should share the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. Stand firm, then, brothers, and keep the traditions that we taught you, whether by word of mouth or by letter. May our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father who has given us his love and, through his grace, such inexhaustible comfort and such sure hope, comfort you and strengthen you in everything good that you do or say.

    Responsorial Psalm Psalm 95:10-13 ©
    The Lord comes to rule the earth.
    Proclaim to the nations: ‘God is king.’
      The world he made firm in its place;
      he will judge the peoples in fairness.
    The Lord comes to rule the earth.
    Let the heavens rejoice and earth be glad,
      let the sea and all within it thunder praise,
    let the land and all it bears rejoice,
      all the trees of the wood shout for joy
    at the presence of the Lord for he comes,
      he comes to rule the earth.
    The Lord comes to rule the earth.
    With justice he will rule the world,
      he will judge the peoples with his truth.
    The Lord comes to rule the earth.

    Gospel Acclamation cf.Ac16:14
    Alleluia, alleluia!
    Open our heart, O Lord,
    to accept the words of your Son.
    Alleluia!
    Or Heb4:12
    Alleluia, alleluia!
    The word of God is something alive and active:
    it can judge secret emotions and thoughts.
    Alleluia!

    Gospel
    Matthew 23:23-26 ©
    Jesus said, ‘Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You who pay your tithe of mint and dill and cumin and have neglected the weightier matters of the Law – justice, mercy, good faith! These you should have practised, without neglecting the others. You blind guides! Straining out gnats and swallowing camels!
      ‘Alas for you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You who clean the outside of cup and dish and leave the inside full of extortion and intemperance. Blind Pharisee! Clean the inside of cup and dish first so that the outside may become clean as well.’
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:29:48 PM PDT · 6 of 26
    Salvation to All

    I forgot to add saints to that list. It is there now.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:28:45 PM PDT · 5 of 26
    Salvation to All

    From: Matthew 23:23-26

    Jesus Indicts the Scribes and Pharisees


    (Jesus said to the scribes and Pharisees,) [23] “Woe to you, scribes and Phari-
    sees, hypocrites! for you tithe mint and dill and cummin, and have neglected the
    weightier matters of the law, justice and mercy and faith; these you ought to have
    done, without neglecting the others. [24] You blind guides, straining out a gnat
    and swallowing a camel!

    [25] “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you cleanse the outside
    of the cup and of the plate, but inside they are full of extortion and rapacity.” [26]
    You blind Pharisee! first cleanse the inside of the cup and of the plate, that the
    outside also may be clean.”

    *********************************************************************************************
    Commentary:

    23. Mint, dill (aniseed) and cummin were herbs the Jews used in cooking or to
    perfume rooms. They were such insignificant items that they were not covered
    by the Mosaic precept on paying tithes (Leviticus 27:30-33; Deuteronomy 14:
    22ff); the precept did not apply to domestic animals and the more common ag-
    ricultural products such as wheat, wine and olive oil. However, the Pharisees,
    being so intent on showing their scrupulous observance of the Law, paid tithes
    even of these herbs. Our Lord does not despise or reject the Law; He is simply
    telling people to get their priorities right: there is no point in attending to secon-
    dary details if one is neglecting what is really basic and important—justice, mer-
    cy and faith.

    24. The Pharisees were so scrupulous about not swallowing any insect which
    the Law declared to be unclean that they went as far as to filter drinks through
    a linen cloth. Our Lord criticizes them for being so inconsistent—straining mos-
    quitos, being so scrupulous about little things, yet quite happily “swallowing a
    camel”, committing serious sins.

    25-26. After reproaching the Pharisees for their hypocrisy in religious practice,
    our Lord now goes on to indict their two-facedness in matters of morality. The
    Jews used to perform elaborate washings of plates, cups and other tableware,
    in line with the regulations on legal cleansing (cf. Mark 7:1-4).

    The example He chooses suggests a deeper level of meaning—concern for that
    moral purity which should characterize man’s interior life. What is of prime im-
    portance is cleanliness of heart, an upright intention, consistency between what
    one says and what one does, etc.

    *********************************************************************************************
    Source: “The Navarre Bible: Text and Commentaries”. Biblical text from the
    Revised Standard Version and New Vulgate. Commentaries by members of
    the Faculty of Theology, University of Navarre, Spain.

    Published by Four Courts Press, Kill Lane, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland, and
    by Scepter Publishers in the United States.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:28:00 PM PDT · 4 of 26
    Salvation to All

    From: 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3a, 14-17

    The Coming of the Lord


    [1] Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our assembling to
    meet him, we beg you, brethren, [2] not to be quickly shaken in mind or excited,
    either by spirit or by word, or by letter purporting to be from us, to the effect that
    the day of the Lord has come. [3] Let no one deceive you in any way[.]

    The Need for Steadfastness


    [14] To this he called you through our gospel, so that you may obtain the glory of
    our Lord Jesus Christ. [15] So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions
    which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter.

    [16] Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father, who loved us
    and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace, [17] comfort your
    hearts and establish them in every good work and word.

    *********************************************************************************************
    Commentary:

    1-2. The main theme of the letter is given here—the timing of the second coming
    of the Lord. Some people had been unsettling the minds of the Thessalonians
    by saying that the Parousia was about to happen.

    The phrase “by spirit” is a reference to people claiming to have a charismatic gift
    of prophecy from the Holy Spirit who were spreading their own ideas as if they
    came from God. Others preferred to pass off what they had to say as coming
    from St. Paul (orally or in writing).

    Those who try to mislead the people of God by teachings contrary to Christian
    faith often use methods of the same sort. By twisting the meaning of Sacred
    Scripture (cf. Mt 4:6) they not infrequently promote wrong teaching as if it were
    a revelation from the Holy Spirit. The Second Vatican Council has reminded us
    how to identify subjective interpretation of that kind: “The task of giving an au-
    thentic interpretation, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has
    been entrusted to the living teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority is
    exercised in the name of Jesus Christ” (”Dei Verbum”, 10).

    Even in our own day there are sects and impressionable people who put a lot of
    effort into working out when the second coming will take place, sometimes ma-
    king specific predictions which the passage of time disproves. They are missing
    the main point, which is that we should be always on the watch, always ready
    to joyfully meet the Lord.

    “To the effect that the day of the Lord has come”: this is literally what the Greek
    says — or “as if the day of the Lord is here”, in the sense of “about to come any
    minute now”. The New Vulgate [and the Navarre Spanish: trs.] translate it as “as
    if the day of the Lord were imminent”, which is faithful to the tenor of the text and
    reads more clearly.

    3-4. Our Lord’s second coming is not imminent, for two things must happen first
    — the “rebellion” and the advent of the “man of lawlessness”. It is extremely diffi-
    cult to make any definite predictions as to the nature of these events because
    the Apostle says very little about them—and nothing to indicate WHEN they may
    occur.

    The “rebellion” or apostasy seems to suggest that a massive flight from God, af-
    fecting a substantial part of the world’s population, will signal that time is coming
    to an end. When speaking about the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the
    temple (events prefiguring what would happen at the end of the world) Jesus him-
    self predicted (cf. Mt 24:11-13) that this would happen. He said that most peo-
    ple’s love would grow cold (cf. Mt 24:12), to such as extent that they would lose
    all knowledge of God; when their rebellion had run its course, the End would
    come and the general judgment would take place.

    “The man of lawlessness”: it is not clear whether this refers to a particular indivi-
    dual, someone uniquely evil, or whether this is a literary device indicating a mul-
    titude of people given over to sin and actively hostile to Christ’s work in the world.
    It is more likely to refer to all the forces of evil taken together as a tool used by
    Satan to pursue his ends. “Man of lawlessness” and “son of perdition” are Semi-
    tic expressions indicating that these people have a particularly close connection
    with sin and with eternal perdition.

    The “man of lawlessness” is a declared enemy of God who is systematically hos-
    tile to everything to do with the service of God. The Apostle stresses that he is
    so brazen that “he takes his seat in the temple of God”, that is, insists on divine
    honors. He will go to great lengths to induce people to rebel against God before
    the end of the world, just as false prophets tried to lead people astray prior to the
    fall of Jerusalem (cf. Mt 24:4-5, 11, 23-24).

    The description of this adversary of God is very like that of the “antichrist” whom
    St. John speaks of (cf. 1 Jn 2:18 and note on same).

    13-14. Although there may be some people who refuse to accept the truth, the
    Apostle feels moved to thank God for his readers’ “sanctification by the Spirit”
    and their “belief in the truth”. This will bring them to salvation. The brethren too
    should thank God for choosing them, for the election shows that they are “belo-
    ved by the Lord”. (On the meaning of the expression “beloved by God”, see the
    note on 1 Thess 1:4).

    The mention of the three divine Persons reminds us that salvation is the joint
    work of the Blessed Trinity: “God the Father” chooses the person to obtain the
    glory of our “Lord Jesus Christ” through the sanctifying action of the “Spirit”. Man,
    who is submerged in sin and unable to free himself by his own efforts, is offered,
    by the entire Trinity, the means to attain faith, salvation and sanctification: “There
    was no power great enough to raise us and free us from such a catastrophic and
    eternal death. But God, the Creator of the human race, who is infinitely merciful,
    did this through his only-begotten Son. By his kindness, man was not only re-
    stored to the position and nobility whence he had fallen, but was adorned with
    even richer gifts. No one can express the greatness of this work of divine grace
    in the souls of men. Because of it, men, both in Sacred Scripture and in the wri-
    tings of the Fathers of the Church, are described as being reborn, new creatures,
    sharers in the divine nature, sons of God, deified” (”Divinum Illud Munus”, 9).

    For the fifth time in these two short letters to the Thessalonians we find the verb
    “to give thanks” (cf. 1 Thess 1:2; 2:13; 5:18: 2 Thess 1:3 and 2:13). It is good to
    realize that in these two earliest New Testament texts there is evidence of fre-
    quent, spontaneous thanks to God for his fatherly kindness. It is not a matter of
    a minion thanking his master for benefits received; rather it is an expression of fi-
    lial, heartfelt, joyful gratitude (cf. Jn 11:41).

    “From the beginning”: as the RSV note says, “other ancient authorities read “as
    the first converts”, that is, as the first fruits—probably a reference to the fact that
    the church as Thessalonica was one of the first churches founded by St. Paul in
    Europe.

    15. To avoid being led astray by unsound or unreliable teaching the thing to do is
    to hold fast to the faith one received and to apostolic tradition.

    “Tradition”: this term (cf. also 2 Thess 3:6) seems to refer to the Christian tea-
    ching St. Paul himself received which he preached to them. Elsewhere the Apo
    stle uses a term with a more specific meaning, the “paratheke” (”deposit”) of
    teachings concerning the Christian faith (cf. 1 Tim 6:20 and 2 Tim 1:14 and
    notes on same). He makes the point a number of times (cf. 1 Cor 11:23; 15:1-3)
    that he was not preaching his personal opinions but rather passing on truths gi-
    ven him as revealed doctrine. That is why he cannot allow his message to be
    tampered with.

    “It is obvious”, St. Thomas Aquinas observes, “that many things which are not
    written down in the Church were taught by the Apostles and therefore should be
    followed” (”Commentary on 2 Thess, ad loc.”). Thus, the truth revealed by God is
    passed on through Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition. The Second Vatican
    Council teaches that both “are bound closely together, and communicate one
    with the other. For both of them, flowing out from the same divine well-spring,
    come together in some fashion to form one thing, and move towards the same
    goal [...]. Tradition transmits in its entirety the Word of God which has been en-
    trusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit. It transmits it to
    the successors of the apostles so that, enlightened by the Spirit of truth, they
    may faithfully preserve, expound and spread it abroad by their preaching. Thus
    it comes about that the Church does not draw her certainty about all revealed
    truths from the Sacred Scriptures alone. Hence, both Scripture and Tradition
    must be accepted and honored with equal feelings of devotion and reverence”
    (”Dei Verbum”, 9).

    *********************************************************************************************
    Source: “The Navarre Bible: Text and Commentaries”. Biblical text from the
    Revised Standard Version and New Vulgate. Commentaries by members of
    the Faculty of Theology, University of Navarre, Spain.

    Published by Four Courts Press, Kill Lane, Blackrock, Co. Dublin, Ireland, and
    by Scepter Publishers in the United States.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:26:50 PM PDT · 3 of 26
    Salvation to All

    Someone added to my keywords yesterday.

    Here are the ones posted for today.

    KEYWORDS: catholic; mt23; ordinarytime; prayer;

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:22:32 PM PDT · 2 of 26
    Salvation to nickcarraway; NYer; ELS; Pyro7480; livius; ArrogantBustard; Catholicguy; RobbyS; marshmallow; ...
    Alleluia Ping

    Please FReepmail me to get on/off the Alleluia Ping List.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-23-16, OM, St. Rose of Lima, Virgin

    08/22/2016 10:21:27 PM PDT · 1 of 26
    Salvation
    For your reading, reflection, faith-sharing, comments, questions, discussion.
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 10:01:44 PM PDT · 39 of 39
    Salvation to All

    I am reminded of the true story of a woman who went to confession to Padre Pio. Before giving her absolution, said, ‘Try to remember the other sin.’ The woman said, ‘Padre, I think I gave you all the sins I know and I think this is it.’ Padre Pio said, ‘Then, for your penance, go to the cross to say fifteen Ave Marias and fifteen Our Fathers.’ Now the cross was at the top of the mountain. The penance was not the Aves or the Our Fathers, it was the journey to get there, as it was a very bad road... So she did that and said the prayers and went back to Padre Pio for a second confession and Padre Pio asked, ‘Do you remember all your sins?’ She said, ‘Padre Pio, I’ve confessed everything.’ Padre Pio said. ‘No, you still don’t remember all. You’ve got to go to the cross at the top of the mountain again.’

    She went for the second time and when she still did not remember he sent her for the third time to the cross on the mountaintop. When she returned for the third time for confession, Padre Pio asked, ‘So, do you remember everything now?’ She replied, ‘No, Padre, I don’t have anything more to confess.’ Then Padre Pio said in a loud voice, ‘What do you mean, you don’t remember anything? Don’t you know he could have been a good priest, a bishop, even a cardinal?’ She started to think and then began to cry, ‘Father,’ she said, ‘I never knew abortion was a sin.’ ‘What do you mean,’ he said, ‘you didn’t know that this was a sin? That’s killing.’ Then she said, Nobody knows about this, only me and my mother. How could you say it would have been a priest or a cardinal?’ Padre Pio simply responded by saying, ‘But it’s a sin, a great sin.’ “

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:55:30 PM PDT · 37 of 39
    Salvation to All
    One Bread, One Body

    One Bread, One Body

    Language: English | Español

    All Issues > Volume 32, Issue 5

    << Monday, August 22, 2016 >> Queenship of Mary
     
    2 Thessalonians 1:1-5, 11-12
    View Readings
    Psalm 96:1-5 Matthew 23:13-22
    Similar Reflections
     

    FAMOUS FAITH

     
    "We thank God unceasingly for you, brothers, because your faith grows apace and your mutual love increases; so much so that in God's communities we can boast of your constancy and your faith in persecution and trial." —2 Thessalonians 1:3-4
     

    The Christian community of Thessalonica was famous for its faith. Paul proclaimed: "Throughout every region your faith in God is celebrated" (1 Thes 1:8). The Lord wants us to have famous faith as well. May your faith be celebrated, imitated, and surpassed by your children and their children's children, until Christ comes again. May your parish church be famous not primarily for its size, budget, activities, creativity, or antiquity, but because of its faith. May your country be famous not so much for its gross national product, technology, military, or creature comforts, but for its faith.

    We must have faith, for we are saved by grace through faith (Eph 2:8). Moreover, we need as deep a faith as possible (see Mk 9:24). When Jesus comes again, He will be looking for our faith (see Lk 18:8). When we pray at Mass before receiving Holy Communion, we ask the Lord to look at the faith of the Church, including our faith. Jesus is looking and will continue to look. Does He see famous faith?

     
    Prayer: Father, send the Holy Spirit to give me the gift of faith (1 Cor 12:9) and to produce in me the fruit of faith (Gal 5:22).
    Promise: "We pray for you always that our God may make you worthy of His call, and fulfill by His power every honest intention and work of faith." —2 Thes 1:11
    Praise: Mary, a lowly teenage girl, was raised to high places (Lk 1:52) as Queen of heaven and earth. Praise be to God Who rewards His beloved for their service to Him!
  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:52:44 PM PDT · 36 of 39
    Salvation to All
    Homily of the Day

    Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Indeed the Blessed Virgin Mary is Queen because Jesus, her Son, is King of heaven and earth. However, she is not like any other Queen for she is first and foremost a Mother to all of us. Her love for us is no different from her love for Jesus. Do we believe this?

    Her appearances at Lourdes, Fatima and Guadalupe show how much she wants to reach out to us, her children, with her messages. She intercedes for us to her son Jesus when we pray to her. Like at the wedding feast in Cana, she brings our petitions, needs and intentions to her Son. Thus her titles — Our Lady of Perpetual Help and Mary Help of Christians.

    In the reading of today about the Annunciation of the Lord, she teaches us in the way she has taught Jesus during his growing years. By her example and response to God through the angel, she teaches us about faith and trust in the Lord, about love for God and trusting obedience to Him.

    The “yes” of our Blessed Mother is an example for us to follow. Are we saying “yes” to Jesus daily? As we experience difficulties in our “yes” response, let us remember our Mother who is there for us, to intercede for us.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:49:49 PM PDT · 35 of 39
    Salvation to All
    Regnum Christi

    August 22, 2016 – Am I My Brother’s Keeper?

    Memorial of the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Matthew 23:13-22

    Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites. You lock the Kingdom of Heaven before human beings. You do not enter yourselves, nor do you allow entrance to those trying to enter. “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites. You traverse sea and land to make one convert, and when that happens you make him a child of Gehenna twice as much as yourselves. “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘If one swears by the Temple, it means nothing, but if one swears by the gold of the Temple, one is obligated.’ Blind fools, which is greater, the gold, or the Temple that made the gold sacred? And you say, ‘If one swears by the altar, it means nothing, but if one swears by the gift on the altar, one is obligated.’ You blind ones, which is greater, the gift, or the altar that makes the gift sacred? One who swears by the altar swears by it and all that is upon it; one who swears by the Temple swears by it and by him who dwells in it; one who swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who is seated on it.”

    Introductory Prayer: Lord, I come to you again in prayer. Even though I cannot see you, I know through faith that you are present in my life. I hope in your promise to be with me. I love you, and I know you love me. Accept this prayer as a token of my love.

    Petition: Lord, help me to be a person of great integrity – the same inside and out.

    1. No Hypocrites Need Apply: The scribes and Pharisees lacked the authenticity and rectitude of conscience needed to please God. We need to let our behavior, our word and our conscience be in harmony and open before God. Conscience is that secret sanctuary where we are alone with God and we hear the voice of the Holy Spirit speak to us in the depths of our heart. To violate that conscience, that is, to go against what we know to be true, is to deny ourselves what is most important to our salvation. A good conscience is the greatest good thing we can possess in this life. It gives us peace, serenity and an assurance of our perseverance in good.

    2. Misleading Others Has a Price: Christ is very harsh on those who lead others astray, especially those who have a responsibility to teach and guide others in the way of salvation. It is a great sin to give scandal and to lead others away from the path of truth. There are many examples of this: There are those entrusted to teach in the name of the Church but substitute their personal opinions, and those who give a testimony of disordered lifestyles, especially to the young and impressionable. The salvation of all of us is linked together; we need to build each other up and help each other on the way to Christ. Others have a right to our good example and to our speaking truth.

    3. No Swearing Here! Jesus warns against idle words, exaggerations and swearing in the name of God or by his altar. He wants us to be sincere in all we say and do, so that the integrity of our lives may be apparent to all who see us. If we live with a clear conscience and act before God in all things, we can then simply give our word and have it mean all we have inside us. What a wonderful thing it is to deal with people who are simple and transparent, who can be taken at face value, because to be devious or calculating never occurs to them, or to be in any way false or insincere.

    Conversation with Christ: Lord, give me the grace of real sincerity of heart in dealing with you and with others. Teach me to give my word and mean it with all my heart.

    Resolution: I will review my examination of conscience to make sure I am going deep enough to know what God wants of me.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:45:07 PM PDT · 34 of 39
    Salvation to All
    The Word Among Us

    Meditation: Matthew 23:13-22

    The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Memorial)

    You lock the kingdom of heaven. (Matthew 23:13)

    When you were a child, did you ever beg your older brothers or sisters to let you play with them, only to find yourself pushed away and locked out of the room? Eventually, Mom or Dad comes along and tells them to open the door and let you play. In this passage, Jesus is intervening just like that parent, and for something much more important. Through their teachings and actions, many of Israel’s religious leaders were locking the door to the kingdom of heaven.

    We may not be religious leaders, but we, too, have the ability to lock or unlock the door through which people can meet Jesus. When we are unkind or short-tempered, we close the door; when we are gracious and welcoming, we open it. When we sacrifice our time to be with someone who needs us, we open the door even wider. When we walk past someone who is hurting, we close it.

    It’s not always easy to identify ways that we close and open heaven’s door, especially since we all live very different lives in very different situations. So try this to help you think in terms of your own life.

    First, write down three of the most moving, convicting aspects of Jesus that you have learned about over time. It could be his mercy, his patience, his faithfulness, or any number of other things.

    Next, write the names of three people whom you would say have most demonstrated these attributes of Christ to you. How did they make you feel? How did their words and actions help open the door for you?

    Finally, write the names of three people for whom you want to help unlock the door to the kingdom of heaven. Using what you have already written, think of how you can do for them what the other people did for you. You can use the same strategies that they used, or you can develop your own approach—one best suited to the people you want to reach. Whatever you choose to do, let these role models be your inspiration, and ask the Spirit to help you be creative.

    Let’s be known as those who throw the doors wide open for people to come and meet Jesus!

    “Lord, help me to unlock the door of the kingdom of heaven.”

    2 Thessalonians 1:1-5, 11-12
    Psalm 96:1-5

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:13:32 PM PDT · 33 of 39
    Salvation to All
    Catholic Culture

    Ordinary Time: August 22nd

    Memorial of the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Old Calendar: Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Sts. Timothy, Hippolytus & Symphorian, martyrs

    The faithful, under the guidance of an unerring Catholic instinct, have ever recognized the queenly dignity of the Mother of "The King of kings and Lord of lords": the Fathers, the Doctors of the Church, Popes, down through the centuries, have given authoritative expression to this truth and the crowning testimony to this common belief is to be found clearly expressed in the wonders of art and in the profound teaching of the liturgy. In their turn theologians have shown the fitting nature of this title of Queen as applied to the Mother of God, since she was so closely associated with the redemptive work of her Son and is the Mediatrix of all graces. Pius XII, by his encyclical letter of October 11, 1954, granted the unanimous desire of the faithful and their pastors and instituted the feast of the Queenship of Mary, giving sanction thus to a devotion that was already paid by the faithful throughout the world to the sovereign Mother of heaven and earth.

    According to the 1962 Missal of St. John XXIII the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite, today is the feast of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary which is celebrated in the Ordinary Rite on the Saturday following the Second Sunday after Pentecost.

    It is also the commemoration of Sts. Timothy, Hippolytus and Symphorian. St. Timothy is a Roman martyr put to death in 303 or 306 during the last persecution. His body lies at St. Paul's-Outside-the-Walls, near that of the great Apostle. The history of St. Hippolytus, martyred at Ostia, near Rome, remains extremely obscure; it is probably in error that he is called bishop of Porto. St. Symphorian was a martyr of Autun, put to death while still a young man in the second or third century. He is one of the great saints of Gaul and several churches were built in his honor. His Acts appear to be genuine.


    Queenship of Mary
    With the certainty of faith we know that Jesus Christ is king in the full, literal, and absolute sense of the word; for He is true God and man. This does not, however, prevent Mary from sharing His royal prerogatives, though in a limited and analogous manner; for she was the Mother of Christ, and Christ is God; and she shared in the work of the divine Redeemer, in His struggles against enemies and in the triumph He won over them all. From this union with Christ the King she assuredly obtains so eminent a status that she stands high above all created things; and upon this same union with Christ is based that royal privilege enabling her to distribute the treasures of the kingdom of the divine Redeemer. And lastly, this same union with Christ is the fountain of the inexhaustible efficacy of her motherly intercession in the presence of the Son and of the Father.

    Without doubt, then, does our holy Virgin possess a dignity that far transcends all other creatures. In the eyes of her Son she takes precedence over everyone else. In order to help us understand the preeminence that the Mother of God enjoys over all creation, it would help to remember that from the first moment of her conception the holy Virgin was filled with such a plenitude of grace as to surpass the graces enhancing all the saints. Recall what our predecessor Pius IX, of blessed memory, wrote in his Bull Ineflabilis Deus: "More than all the angels and all the saints has God ineffable freely endowed Mary with the fullness of the heavenly gifts that abound in the divine treasury; and she, preserving herself ever immaculately clean from the slightest taint of sin, attained a fullness of innocence and holiness so great as to be unthinkable apart from God Himself, a fullness that no one other than God will ever possess."

    Spurred on by piety and faith, may we glory in being subject to the rule of the Virgin Mother of God; she bears the royal sceptre in her hand, while her heart is ever aflame with motherlove.

    Excerpted from Ad Caeli Reginam, Pius XII

    Things to Do:


    Sts. Timothy, Hippolytus & Symphorian
    During the pontificate of Pope Melchiades (311-314), Timothy of Antioch came to Rome and preached the Gospel. The prefect of the city, Tarquin, placed him under arrest and after a period of imprisonment ordered that he be scourged three times because he refused to sacrifice to the gods. After further excruciating torments Timothy was beheaded. At Ostia, the bishop, St. Hippolytus, was a man of exceptional culture. Because he was an outstanding witness to the faith, he was bound hand and foot by Emperor Alexander and cast into a deep pit filled with water; thereby he obtained the crown. Not far away Christians buried his body. At Autun the youthful Symphorian was brought to judgment under Emperor Aurelian (270-275). His mother urged perseverance: "My son, think of eternal life. Raise your glance to heaven and behold your eternal King! Your life will not be taken from you, but transformed into a better one!"

    Excerpted from the Roman Martyrology

    Things to Do:

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 9:03:26 PM PDT · 32 of 39
    Salvation to All
    CATHOLIC ALMANAC

    Monday, August 22

    Liturgical Color: White

    Today is the Memorial of the
    Queenship of the Blessed Virgin
    Mary, honoring Mary as Queen of
    Heaven. In 1954 Pope Pius XII
    established universal observance of
    this feast to the whole Church in his
    encyclical Ad Caeli Reginam.

  • Trump's New Advisor Conway to Wage "War of Attrition" on Clinton

    08/22/2016 8:40:19 PM PDT · 57 of 72
    Salvation to Bobalu

    I thought it looked like a housecoat.

    But a barber’s smock is a good description, too!

  • Dear FRiends, We need your continuing support to keep FR going strong. [FReepathon thread LIII]

    08/22/2016 8:33:44 PM PDT · 81 of 85
    Salvation to FReepers; FRiends; Patriots; Donors; everyone
  • Dear FRiends, We need your continuing support to keep FR going strong. [FReepathon thread LIII]

    08/22/2016 8:29:15 PM PDT · 79 of 85
    Salvation to trisham

    Beautiful picture of flowers and gardens. Thank you.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 8:19:16 PM PDT · 31 of 39
    Salvation to All

    Monday

    August 22, 2016

    The Greatest Poverty

    “We think sometimes that poverty is only being hungry, naked and homeless. The poverty of being unwanted, unloved and uncared for is the greatest poverty. We must start in our own homes to remedy this kind of poverty.” — Blessed Teresa of Calcutta


    Year of Mercy Calendar for Today: This week, pray for parents who have lost a child.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 6:21:16 PM PDT · 30 of 39
    Salvation to All

    Mary, Our Queen


    Feast Day: August 22


    How can we spend this day to show Mother Mary that we love her?
    We might want to whisper a Hail Mary while we work or play, or spend some time saying the family rosary.


    PRAYER ON MARY'S FEASTS

    Blessed Virgin Mary,
    Jesus gave you to me as my Mother
    when He was dying on the Cross.

    I want to love you as Jesus did.

    I pray to you in these words:

    Hail Mary, full of grace!
    The Lord is with you;
    blessed are you among women,
    and blessed is the fruit
    of your womb, Jesus,

    Holy Mary, Mother of God,
    pray for us sinners,
    now and at the hour
    of our death. Amen.

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 6:19:10 PM PDT · 29 of 39
    Salvation to All
    Information: Queenship of Mary

    Feast Day: August 22

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

  • Catholic Caucus: Daily Mass Readings, 08-22-16, M, The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    08/22/2016 6:12:29 PM PDT · 27 of 39
    Salvation to All
    The Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary

    Arial">August 22nd

    DONATO  Coronation of the Virgin  c. 1372    Fondazione Querini Stampalia, Venice:

    CATARINO
    Coronation of the Virgin
    1375
    Tempera on panel, 89 x 58 cm
    Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice

    Collect:
    O God, who made the Mother of your Son
    to be our Mother and our Queen,
    graciously grant that, sustained by her intercession,
    we may attain in the heavenly Kingdom
    the glory promised to your children.
    Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son,
    who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
    one God, for ever and ever. +Amen.

    First Reading:
    Isaiah 9:1-6
    But there will be no gloom for her that was in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he will make glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations. The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness, on them has light shined. Thou hast multiplied the nation, thou hast increased its joy; they rejoice before thee as with joy at the harvest, as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For the yoke of his burden, and the staff for his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, thou hast broken as on the day of Midian. For every boot of the tramping warrior in battle tumult and every garment rolled in blood will be burned as fuel for the fire. For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulder, and his name will be called "Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace."

    Gospel Reading:
    Luke 1:26-38
    In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. And he came to her and said, "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you!" But she was greatly troubled at the saying, and considered in her mind what sort of greeting this might be. And the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call His name Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give to Him the throne of His father David, and He will reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of His kingdom there will be no end." And Mary said to the angel, "How shall this be, since I have no husband?" And the angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.

    And behold, your kinswoman Elizabeth in her old age has also conceived a son; and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. For with God nothing will be impossible." And Mary said, "Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word." And the angel departed from her.


    AD CAELI REGINAM

    ENCYCLICAL OF POPE PIUS XII
    ON PROCLAIMING THE QUEENSHIP OF MARY
    TO THE VENERABLE BRETHREN, THE PATRIARCHS, PRIMATES,
    ARCHBISHOPS, BISHIOPS, AND OTHER LOCAL ORDINARIES
    IN PEACE AND COMMUNION WITH THE HOLY SEE

     

    Venerable Brethren, Health and Apostolic Blessing.

    From the earliest ages of the catholic church a Christian people, whether in time of triumph or more especially in time of crisis, has addressed prayers of petition and hymns of praise and veneration to the Queen of Heaven. And never has that hope wavered which they placed in the Mother of the Divine King, Jesus Christ; nor has that faith ever failed by which we are taught that Mary, the Virgin Mother of God, reigns with a mother's solicitude over the entire world, just as she is crowned in heavenly blessedness with the glory of a Queen.

    2. Following upon the frightful calamities which before Our very eyes have reduced flourishing cities, towns, and villages to ruins, We see to Our sorrow that many great moral evils are being spread abroad in what may be described as a violent flood. Occasionally We behold justice giving way; and, on the one hand and the other, the victory of the powers of corruption. The threat of this fearful crisis fills Us with a great anguish, and so with confidence We have recourse to Mary Our Queen, making known to her those sentiments of filial reverence which are not Ours alone, but which belong to all those who glory in the name of Christian.

    3. It is gratifying to recall that We ourselves, on the first day of November of the Holy Year 1950, before a huge multitude of Cardinals, Bishops, priests, and of the faithful who had assembled from every part of the world, defined the dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into heaven[1] where she is present in soul and body reigning, together with her only[1a] Son, amid the heavenly choirs of angels and Saints. Moreover, since almost a century has passed since Our predecessor of immortal memory, Pius IX, proclaimed and defined the dogma that the great Mother of God had been conceived without any stain of original sin, We instituted the current Marian Year[2] And now it is a great consolation to Us to see great multitudes here in Rome - and especially in the Liberian Basilica - giving testimony in a striking way to their faith and ardent love for their heavenly Mother. In all parts of the world We learn that devotion to the Virgin Mother of God is flourishing more and more, and that the principal shrines of Mary have been visited and are still being visited by many throngs of Catholic pilgrims gathered in prayer.

    4. It is well known that we have taken advantage of every opportunity -- through personal audiences and radio broadcasts -- to exhort Our children in Christ to a strong and tender love, as becomes children, for Our most gracious and exalted Mother. On this point it is particularly fitting to call to mind the radio message which We addressed to the people of Portugal, when the miraculous image of the Virgin Mary which is venerated at Fatima was being crowned with a golden diadem.[3] We Ourselves called this the heralding of the "sovereignty" of Mary.[4]

    5. And now, that We may bring the Year of Mary to a happy and beneficial conclusion, and in response to petitions which have come to Us from all over the world, We have decided to institute the liturgical feast of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Queen. This will afford a climax, as it were, to the manifold demonstrations of Our devotion to Mary, which the Christian people have supported with such enthusiasm.

    6. In this matter We do not wish to propose a new truth to be believed by Christians, since the title and the arguments on which Mary's queenly dignity is based have already been clearly set forth, and are to be found in ancient documents of the Church and in the books of the sacred liturgy.

    7. It is Our pleasure to recall these things in the present encyclical letter, that We may renew the praises of Our heavenly Mother, and enkindle a more fervent devotion towards her, to the spiritual benefit of all mankind.

    8. From early times Christians have believed, and not without reason, that she of whom was born the Son of the Most High received privileges of grace above all other beings created by God. He "will reign in the house of Jacob forever,"[5] "the Prince of Peace,"[6] the "King of Kings and Lord of Lords."[7] And when Christians reflected upon the intimate connection that obtains between a mother and a son, they readily acknowledged the supreme royal dignity of the Mother of God.

    9. Hence it is not surprising that the early writers of the Church called Mary "the Mother of the King" and "the Mother of the Lord," basing their stand on the words of St. Gabriel the archangel, who foretold that the Son of Mary would reign forever,[8] and on the words of Elizabeth who greeted her with reverence and called her "the Mother of my Lord."[9] Thereby they clearly signified that she derived a certain eminence and exalted station from the royal dignity of her Son.

    10. So it is that St. Ephrem, burning with poetic inspiration, represents her as speaking in this way: "Let Heaven sustain me in its embrace, because I am honored above it. For heaven was not Thy mother, but Thou hast made it Thy throne. How much more honorable and venerable than the throne of a king is her mother."[10] And in another place he thus prays to her: ". . . Majestic and Heavenly Maid, Lady, Queen, protect and keep me under your wing lest Satan the sower of destruction glory over me, lest my wicked foe be victorious against me."[11]

    11. St. Gregory Nazianzen calls Mary "the Mother of the King of the universe," and the "Virgin Mother who brought forth the King of the whole world,"[12] while Prudentius asserts that the Mother marvels "that she has brought forth God as man, and even as Supreme King."[13]

    12. And this royal dignity of the Blessed Virgin Mary is quite clearly indicated through direct assertion by those who call her "Lady," "Ruler" and "Queen."

    13. In one of the homilies attributed to Origen, Elizabeth calls Mary "the Mother of my Lord." and even addresses her as "Thou, my Lady."[14]

    14. The same thing is found in the writings of St. Jerome where he makes the following statement amidst various interpretations of Mary's name: "We should realize that Mary means Lady in the Syrian Language."[15] After him St. Chrysologus says the same thing more explicitly in these words: "The Hebrew word 'Mary' means 'Domina.' The Angel therefore addresses her as 'Lady' to preclude all servile fear in the Lord's Mother, who was born and was called 'Lady' by the authority and command of her own Son."[16]

    15. Moreover Epiphanius, the bishop of Constantinople, writing to the Sovereign Pontiff Hormisdas, says that we should pray that the unity of the Church may be preserved "by the grace of the holy and consubstantial Trinity and by the prayers of Mary, Our Lady, the holy and glorious Virgin and Mother of God."[17]

    16. The Blessed Virgin, sitting at the right hand of God to pray for us is hailed by another writer of that same era in these words, "the Queen[17a] of mortal man, the most holy Mother of God."[18]

    17. St. Andrew of Crete frequently attributes the dignity of a Queen to the Virgin Mary. For example, he writes, "Today He transports from her earthly dwelling, as Queen of the human race, His ever-Virgin Mother, from whose womb He, the living God, took on human form."[19]

    18. And in another place he speaks of "the Queen of the entire human race faithful to the exact meaning of her name, who is exalted above all things save only God himself."[20]

    19. Likewise St. Germanus speaks to the humble Virgin in these words: "Be enthroned, Lady, for it is fitting that you should sit in an exalted place since you are a Queen and glorious above all kings."[21] He likewise calls her the "Queen of all of those who dwell on earth."[22]

    20. She is called by St. John Damascene "Queen, ruler, and lady,"[23] and also "the Queen of every creature."[24] Another ancient writer of the Eastern Church calls her "favored Queen," "the perpetual Queen beside the King, her son," whose "snow-white brow is crowned with a golden diadem."[25]

    21. And finally St. Ildephonsus of Toledo gathers together almost all of her titles of honor in this salutation: "O my Lady, my Sovereign, You who rule over me, Mother of my Lord . . . Lady among handmaids, Queen among sisters."[26]

    22. The theologians of the Church, deriving their teaching from these and almost innumerable other testimonies handed down long ago, have called the most Blessed Virgin the Queen of all creatures, the Queen of the world, and the Ruler of all.

    23. The Supreme Shepherds of the Church have considered it their duty to promote by eulogy and exhortation the devotion of the Christian people to the heavenly Mother and Queen. Simply passing over the documents of more recent Pontiffs, it is helpful to recall that as early as the seventh century Our predecessor St. Martin I called Mary "our glorious Lady, ever Virgin."[27] St. Agatho, in the synodal letter sent to the fathers of the Sixth Ecumenical Council called her "Our Lady, truly and in a proper sense the Mother of God."[28] And in the eighth century Gregory II in the letter sent to St. Germanus, the patriarch, and read in the Seventh Ecumenical Council with all the Fathers concurring, called the Mother of God: "The Queen of all, the true Mother of God," and also "the Queen of all Christians."[29]

    24. We wish also to recall that Our predecessor of immortal memory, Sixtus IV, touched favorably upon the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin, beginning the Apostolic Letter Cum praeexcelsa[30] with words in which Mary is called "Queen," "Who is always vigilant to intercede with the king whom she bore." Benedict XIV declared the same thing in his Apostolic Letter Gloriosae Dominae, in which Mary is called "Queen of heaven and earth," and it is stated that the sovereign King has in some way communicated to her his ruling power.[31]

    25. For all these reasons St. Alphonsus Ligouri, in collecting the testimony of past ages, writes these words with evident devotion: "Because the virgin Mary was raised to such a lofty dignity as to be the mother of the King of kings, it is deservedly and by every right that the Church has honored her with the title of 'Queen'."[32]

    26. Furthermore, the sacred liturgy, which acts as a faithful reflection of traditional doctrine believed by the Christian people through the course of all the ages both in the East and in the West, has sung the praises of the heavenly Queen and continues to sing them.

    27. Ardent voices from the East sing out: "O Mother of God, today thou art carried into heaven on the chariots of the cherubim, the seraphim wait upon thee and the ranks of the heavenly army bow before thee."[33]

    28. Further: "O just, O most blessed (Joseph), since thou art sprung from a royal line, thou hast been chosen from among all mankind to be spouse of the pure Queen who, in a way which defies description, will give birth to Jesus the king."[34] In addition: "I shall sing a hymn to the mother, the Queen, whom I joyously approach in praise, gladly celebrating her wonders in song. . . Our tongue cannot worthily praise thee, O Lady; for thou who hast borne Christ the king art exalted above the seraphim. . . Hail, O Queen of the world; hail, O Mary, Queen of us all."[35]

    29. We read, moreover, in the Ethiopic Missal: "O Mary, center of the whole world, . . . thou art greater than the many-eyed cherubim and the six-winged seraphim . . . Heaven and earth are filled with the sanctity of thy glory."[36]

    30. Furthermore, the Latin Church sings that sweet and ancient prayer called the "Hail, Holy Queen" and the lovely antiphons "Hail, Queen of the Heavens," "O Queen of Heaven, Rejoice," and those others which we are accustomed to recite on feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary: "The Queen stood at Thy right hand in golden vesture surrounded with beauty"[37]; "Heaven and earth praise thee as a powerful Queen"[38]; "Today the Virgin Mary ascends into heaven: rejoice because she reigns with Christ forever."[39]

    31. To these and others should be added the Litany of Loreto which daily invites Christian folk to call upon Mary as Queen. Likewise, for many centuries past Christians have been accustomed to meditate upon the ruling power of Mary which embraces heaven and earth, when they consider the fifth glorious mystery of the rosary which can be called the mystical crown of the heavenly Queen.

    32. Finally, art which is based upon Christian principles and is animated by their spirit as something faithfully interpreting the sincere and freely expressed devotion of the faithful, has since the Council of Ephesus portrayed Mary as Queen and Empress seated upon a royal throne adorned with royal insignia, crowned with the royal diadem and surrounded by the host of angels and saints in heaven, and ruling not only over nature and its powers but also over the machinations of Satan. Iconography, in representing the royal dignity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, has ever been enriched with works of highest artistic value and greatest beauty; it has even taken the form of representing colorfully the divine Redeemer crowning His mother with a resplendent diadem.

    33. The Roman Pontiffs, favoring such types of popular devotion, have often crowned, either in their own persons, or through representatives, images of the Virgin Mother of God which were already outstanding by reason of public veneration.

    34. As We have already mentioned, Venerable Brothers, according to ancient tradition and the sacred liturgy the main principle on which the royal dignity of Mary rests is without doubt her Divine Motherhood. In Holy Writ, concerning the Son whom Mary will conceive, We read this sentence: "He shall be called the Son of the most High, and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of David his father, and he shall reign in the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end,"[40] and in addition Mary is called "Mother of the Lord";[41] from this it is easily concluded that she is a Queen, since she bore a son who, at the very moment of His conception, because of the hypostatic union of the human nature with the Word, was also as man King and Lord of all things. So with complete justice St. John Damascene could write: "When she became Mother of the Creator, she truly became Queen of every creature."[42] Likewise, it can be said that the heavenly voice of the Archangel Gabriel was the first to proclaim Mary's royal office.

    35. But the Blessed Virgin Mary should be called Queen, not only because of her Divine Motherhood, but also because God has willed her to have an exceptional role in the work of our eternal salvation. "What more joyful, what sweeter thought can we have" -- as Our Predecessor of happy memory, Pius XI wrote -- "than that Christ is our King not only by natural right, but also by an acquired right: that which He won by the redemption? Would that all men, now forgetful of how much we cost Our Savior, might recall to mind the words, 'You were redeemed, not with gold or silver which perishes, . . . but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb spotless and undefiled.[43] We belong not to ourselves now, since Christ has bought us 'at a great price'."[44], [45]

    36. Now, in the accomplishing of this work of redemption, the Blessed Virgin Mary was most closely associated with Christ; and so it is fitting to sing in the sacred liturgy: "Near the cross of Our Lord Jesus Christ there stood, sorrowful, the Blessed Mary, Queen of Heaven and Queen of the World."[46] Hence, as the devout disciple of St. Anselm (Eadmer, ed.) wrote in the Middle Ages: "just as . . . God, by making all through His power, is Father and Lord of all, so the blessed Mary, by repairing all through her merits, is Mother and Queen of all; for God is the Lord of all things, because by His command He establishes each of them in its own nature, and Mary is the Queen of all things, because she restores each to its original dignity through the grace which she merited.[47]

    37. For "just as Christ, because He redeemed us, is our Lord and king by a special title, so the Blessed Virgin also (is our queen), on account of the unique manner in which she assisted in our redemption, by giving of her own substance, by freely offering Him for us, by her singular desire and petition for, and active interest in, our salvation."[48]

    38. From these considerations, the proof develops on these lines: if Mary, in taking an active part in the work of salvation, was, by God's design, associated with Jesus Christ, the source of salvation itself, in a manner comparable to that in which Eve was associated with Adam, the source of death, so that it may be stated that the work of our salvation was accomplished by a kind of "recapitulation,"[49] in which a virgin was instrumental in the salvation of the human race, just as a virgin had been closely associated with its death; if, moreover, it can likewise be stated that this glorious Lady had been chosen Mother of Christ "in order that she might become a partner in the redemption of the human race";[50] and if, in truth, "it was she who, free of the stain of actual and original sin, and ever most closely bound to her Son, on Golgotha offered that Son to the Eternal Father together with the complete sacrifice of her maternal rights and maternal love, like a new Eve, for all the sons of Adam, stained as they were by his lamentable fall,"[51] then it may be legitimately concluded that as Christ, the new Adam, must be called a King not merely because He is Son of God, but also because He is our Redeemer, so, analogously, the Most Blessed Virgin is queen not only because she is Mother of God, but also because, as the new Eve, she was associated with the new Adam.

    39. Certainly, in the full and strict meaning of the term, only Jesus Christ, the God-Man, is King; but Mary, too, as Mother of the divine Christ, as His associate in the redemption, in his struggle with His enemies and His final victory over them, has a share, though in a limited and analogous way, in His royal dignity. For from her union with Christ she attains a radiant eminence transcending that of any other creature; from her union with Christ she receives the royal right to dispose of the treasures of the Divine Redeemer's Kingdom; from her union with Christ finally is derived the inexhaustible efficacy of her maternal intercession before the Son and His Father.

    40. Hence it cannot be doubted that Mary most Holy is far above all other creatures in dignity, and after her Son possesses primacy over all. "You have surpassed every creature," sings St. Sophronius. "What can be more sublime than your joy, O Virgin Mother? What more noble than this grace, which you alone have received from God"?[52] To this St. Germanus adds: "Your honor and dignity surpass the whole of creation; your greatness places you above the angels."[53] And St. John Damascene goes so far as to say: "Limitless is the difference between God's servants and His Mother."[54]

    41. In order to understand better this sublime dignity of the Mother of God over all creatures let us recall that the holy Mother of God was, at the very moment of her Immaculate Conception, so filled with grace as to surpass the grace of all the Saints. Wherefore, as Our Predecessor of happy memory, Pius IX wrote, God "showered her with heavenly gifts and graces from the treasury of His divinity so far beyond what He gave to all the angels and saints that she was ever free from the least stain of sin; she is so beautiful and perfect, and possesses such fullness of innocence and holiness, that under God a greater could not be dreamed, and only God can comprehend the marvel."[55]

    42. Besides, the Blessed Virgin possessed, after Christ, not only the highest degree of excellence and perfection, but also a share in that influence by which He, her Son and our Redeemer, is rightly said to reign over the minds and wills of men. For if through His Humanity the divine Word performs miracles and gives graces, if He uses His Sacraments and Saints as instruments for the salvation of men, why should He not make use of the role and work of His most holy Mother in imparting to us the fruits of redemption? "With a heart that is truly a mother's," to quote again Our Predecessor of immortal memory, Pius IX, "does she approach the problem of our salvation, and is solicitous for the whole human race; made Queen of heaven and earth by the Lord, exalted above all choirs of angels and saints, and standing at the right hand of her only [55a] Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, she intercedes powerfully for us with a mother's prayers, obtains what she seeks, and cannot be refused."[56] On this point another of Our Predecessors of happy memory, Leo XIII, has said that an "almost immeasurable" power has been given Mary in the distribution of graces;[57] St. Pius X adds that she fills this office "as by the right of a mother."[58]

    43. Let all Christians, therefore, glory in being subjects of the Virgin Mother of God, who, while wielding royal power, is on fire with a mother's love.

    44. Theologians and preachers, however, when treating these and like questions concerning the Blessed Virgin, must avoid straying from the correct course, with a twofold error to guard against: that is to say, they must beware of unfounded opinions and exaggerated expressions which go beyond the truth, on the other hand, they must watch out for excessive narrowness of mind in weighing that exceptional, sublime, indeed all but divine dignity of the Mother of God, which the Angelic Doctor teaches must be attributed to her "because of the infinite goodness that is God."[59]

    45. For the rest, in this as in other points of Christian doctrine, "the proximate and universal norm of truth" is for all the living Magisterium of the Church, which Christ established "also to illustrate and explain those matters which are contained only in an obscure way, and implicitly in the deposit of faith."[60]

    46. From the ancient Christian documents, from prayers of the liturgy, from the innate piety of the Christian people, from works of art, from every side We have gathered witnesses to the regal dignity of the Virgin Mother of God; We have likewise shown that the arguments deduced by Sacred Theology from the treasure store of the faith fully confirm this truth. Such a wealth of witnesses makes up a resounding chorus which changes the sublimity of the royal dignity of the Mother of God and of men, to whom every creature is subject, who is "exalted to the heavenly throne, above the choirs of angels."[61]

    47. Since we are convinced, after long and serious reflection, that great good will accrue to the Church if this solidly established truth shines forth more clearly to all, like a luminous lamp raised aloft, by Our Apostolic authority We decree and establish the feast of Mary's Queenship, which is to be celebrated every year in the whole world on the 31st of May. We likewise ordain that on the same day the consecration of the human race to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary be renewed, cherishing the hope that through such consecration a new era may begin, joyous in Christian peace and in the triumph of religion.

    48. Let all, therefore, try to approach with greater trust the throne of grace and mercy of our Queen and Mother, and beg for strength in adversity, light in darkness, consolation in sorrow; above all let them strive to free themselves from the slavery of sin and offer an unceasing homage, filled with filial loyalty, to their Queenly Mother. Let her churches be thronged by the faithful, her feast-days honored; may the beads of the Rosary be in the hands of all; may Christians gather, in small numbers and large, to sing her praises in churches, in homes, in hospitals, in prisons. May Mary's name be held in highest reverence, a name sweeter than honey and more precious than jewels; may none utter blasphemous words, the sign of a defiled soul, against that name graced with such dignity and revered for its motherly goodness; let no one be so bold as to speak a syllable which lacks the respect due to her name.

    49. All, according to their state, should strive to bring alive the wondrous virtues of our heavenly Queen and most loving Mother through constant effort of mind and manner. Thus will it come about that all Christians, in honoring and imitating their sublime Queen and Mother, will realize they are truly brothers, and with all envy and avarice thrust aside, will promote love among classes, respect the rights of the weak, cherish peace. No one should think himself a son of Mary, worthy of being received under her powerful protection, unless, like her, he is just, gentle and pure, and shows a sincere desire for true brotherhood, not harming or injuring but rather helping and comforting others.

    50. In some countries of the world there are people who are unjustly persecuted for professing their Christian faith and who are deprived of their divine and human rights to freedom; up till now reasonable demands and repeated protests have availed nothing to remove these evils. May the powerful Queen of creation, whose radiant glance banishes storms and tempests and brings back cloudless skies, look upon these her innocent and tormented children with eyes of mercy; may the Virgin, who is able to subdue violence beneath her foot, grant to them that they may soon enjoy the rightful freedom to practice their religion openly, so that, while serving the cause of the Gospel, they may also contribute to the strength and progress of nations by their harmonious cooperation, by the practice of extraordinary virtues which are a glowing example in the midst of bitter trials.

    51. By this Encyclical Letter We are instituting a feast so that all may recognize more clearly and venerate more devoutly the merciful and maternal sway of the Mother of God. We are convinced that this feast will help to preserve, strengthen and prolong that peace among nations which daily is almost destroyed by recurring crises. Is she not a rainbow in the clouds reaching towards God, the pledge of a covenant of peace?[62] "Look upon the rainbow, and bless Him that made it; surely it is beautiful in its brightness. It encompasses the heaven about with the circle of its glory, the hands of the Most High have displayed it."[63] Whoever, therefore, reverences the Queen of heaven and earth - and let no one consider himself exempt from this tribute of a grateful and loving soul - let him invoke the most effective of Queens, the Mediatrix of peace; let him respect and preserve peace, which is not wickedness unpunished nor freedom without restraint, but a well-ordered harmony under the rule of the will of God; to its safeguarding and growth the gentle urgings and commands of the Virgin Mary impel us.

    52. Earnestly desiring that the Queen and Mother of Christendom may hear these Our prayers, and by her peace make happy a world shaken by hate, and may, after this exile show unto us all Jesus, Who will be our eternal peace and joy, to you, Venerable Brothers, and to your flocks, as a promise of God's divine help and a pledge of Our love, from Our heart We impart the Apostolic Benediction.

    Given at Rome, from St. Peter's, on the feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the eleventh day of October, 1954, in the sixteenth year of our Pontificate.

    PIUS XII
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------

    1. Cf. constitutio apostolica Munificentissirnus Deus: AAS XXXXII 1950, p. 753 sq.

    1a. The Latin word is Unigena. - Ed.

    2. Cf. litt. enc. Fulgens corona: AAS XXXXV, 1953, p. 577 sq.

    3. Cf. AAS XXXVIII, 1946, p. 264 sq.

    4. Cf. L'Osservatore Romano, d. 19 Maii, a. 1946.

    5. Luc. I, 32.

    6. Isai. IX, 6.

    7. Apoc. XIX, 16.

    8. Cf. Luc. I, 32, 33.

    9. Luc. I, 43.

    10. S. Ephraem, Hymni de B. Maria, ed. Th. J. Lamy, t. II, Mechliniae, 1886, hymn. XIX, p. 624.

    11. Idem, Oratio ad Ssmam Dei Matrem; Opera omnia, Ed. Assemani, t. III (graece), Romae, 1747, pag. 546.

    12. S. Gregorius Naz., Poemata dogmatica, XVIII, v. 58; PG XXXVII, 485.

    13. Prudentius, Dittochaeum, XXVII: PL LX, 102 A.

    14. Hom. in S. Lucam, hom. VII; ed. Rauer, Origenes' Werke, T. IX, p. 48 (ex catena Marcarii Chrysocephali). Cf. PG XIII, 1902 D.

    15. S. Hieronymus, Liber de nominibus hebraeis: PL XXIII, 886.

    16. S. Petrus Chrysologus, Sermo 142, De Annuntiatione B.M.V.: PL LII, 579 C; cf. etiam 582 B; 584 A: "Regina totius exstitit castitatis."

    17. Relatio Epiphanii Ep. Constantin.: PL LXII, 498 D.

    17a. Generally throughout the encyclical the Latin word Regina is used to describe Mary. In this case and a few others the word is Domina. "Queen" seems to be the best English equivalent. "Ruler", when it occurs, is a rendition of Dominatrix. - Ed.

    18. Encomium in Dormitionem Ssmae Deiparae (inter opera S. Modesti): PG LXXXVI, 3306 B.

    19. S. Andreas Cretensis, Homilia II in Dormitionem Ssmae Deiparae: PG XCVII, 1079 B.

    20. Id., Homilia III in Dormitionem Ssmae Deiparae: PG XCVII, 1099 A.

    21. S. Germanus, In Praesentationem Ssmae Deiparae, I: PG XCVIII, 303 A.

    22. Id., In Praesentationem Ssmae Deiparae, n PG XCVIII, 315 C.

    23. S. Ioannes Damascenus, Homilia I in Dormitionem B.M.V.: P.G. XCVI, 719 A.

    24. Id., De fide orthodoxa, I, IV, c. 14: PG XLIV, 1158 B.

    25. De laudibus Mariae (inter opera Venantii Fortunati): PL LXXXVIII, 282 B et 283 A.

    26. Ildefonsus Toletanus, De virginitate perpetua B.M.V.: PL XCVI, 58 A D.

    27. S. Martinus I, Epist. XIV: PL LXXXVII, 199-200 A.

    28. S. Agatho: PL LXXXVII, 1221 A.

    29. Hardouin, Acta Conciliorum, IV, 234; 238: PL LXXXIX, 508 B.

    30. Xystus IV, bulla Cum praeexcelsa. d. d. 28 Febr. a. 1476.

    31. Benedictus XIV, bulla Gloriosae Dominae, d. d. 27 Sept. a. 1748.

    32. S. Alfonso, Le glone de Maria, p. I, c. I, §1.

    33. Ex liturgia Armenorum: in festo Assumptionis, hymnus ad Matutinum.

    34. Ex Menaeo (byzantino): Dominica post Natalem, in Canone, ad Matutinum.

    35. Officium hymni Axathistos (in ritu byzantino).

    36. Missale Aethiopicum, Anaphora Dominae nostrae Mariae, Matris Dei.

    37. Brev. Rom., Versiculus sexti Respons.

    38. Festum Assumptionis; hymnus Laudum.

    39. Ibidem, ad Magnificat II Vesp.

    40. Luc. I, 32, 33.

    41. Ibid. I, 43.

    42. S. Ioannes Damascenus, De fide orthodoxa, 1. IV, c. 14; PL XCIV, 1158 s. B.

    43. I Petr. I, 18, 19.

    44. I Cor. VI, 20.

    45. Pius XI, litt. enc. Quas primas: AAS XVII, 1925, p. 599.

    46. Festum septem dolorum B. Mariae Virg., Tractus.

    47. Eadmerus, De excellentia Virginis Mariae, c. 11: PL CLIX, 508 A B.

    48. F. Suárez, De mysteriis vitae Christi, disp. XXII, sect. II (ed Vivès, XIX, 327).

    49. S. Irenaeus, Adv. haer., V, 19, 1: PG VII, 1175 B.

    50. Pius XI, epist. Auspicatus profecto: AAS XXV, 1933, p. 80.

    51. Pius XII, litt. enc. Mystici Corporis: AAS XXXV, 1943, p. 247.

    52. S. Sophronius, In annuntianone Beatae Mariae Virginis: PG LXXXVII, 3238 D; 3242 A.

    53. S. Germanus, Hom. II in dormitione Beatae Mariae Virginis: PG XCVIII, 354 B.

    54. S. Ioannes Damascenus, Hom. I in Dormitionem Beatae Mariae Virginis: PG XCVI, 715 A.

    55. Pius IX, bulla Ineffabilis Deus: Acta Pii IX, I, p. 597-598.

    55a.Unigena. - Ed.

    56. Ibid. p. 618.

    57. Leo XIII, litt. enc. Adiumcem populi: ASS, XXVIII, 1895-1896, p.130.

    58. Pius X, litt enc. Ad diem illum: ASS XXXVI, 1903-1904, p.455.

    59. S. Thomas, Summa Theol., I, q. 25, a. 6, ad 4.

    60. Pius XII, litt. enc. Humani generis: AAS XLII, 1950, p. 569.

    61. Ex Brev. Rom.: Festum Assumptionis Beatae Mariae Virginis.

    62. Cf. Gen. IX, 13.

    63. Eccl. XLIII, 12-13.

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