Posts by troy McClure

Brevity: Headers | « Text »
  • The Mustang Becomes an Obamamobile

    04/20/2012 7:13:34 PM PDT · 47 of 122
    troy McClure to All
    Cool our 2006 Stang just Doubled in value.
  • EPA Prices Americans Out of Car Market

    04/19/2012 1:44:42 PM PDT · 10 of 11
    troy McClure to All
    We bought a 1980 FSJ JEEP Cherokee last fall for $1500.
    It is rust free with a 360 V-8 147k on it and built like a tank. It gets driven about 100 miles a week on runs to Home Depot and back.

    The great thing about the old JEEP’s is they are just simple, no fuel injection or computers. It it stops running you can fix them with a hammer, bailing wire and chewing gum. LOL

    We we hit peak oil and run out of gas I will build a Wood Gas set up and run the JEEP on Wood Gas.

    Between it and our 2006 Mustang.

    I do not think we will need to buy another car for at least our lifetimes.

  • America Won't Get Rich by Relying on the Permanent Poor

    04/18/2012 9:09:13 AM PDT · 39 of 50
    troy McClure to All
    I see a lot of crappy cars with oversize fancy rims on them. The wheels cost more than the car is worth.

    I guess you can buy rims on a FBT card.

  • Obama's Crackdown On Speculators Won't Cut Prices

    04/17/2012 5:26:33 PM PDT · 10 of 24
    troy McClure to All

    Obama is a JOKE.

  • Obama asks NASCAR driver for media advice

    04/17/2012 3:49:09 PM PDT · 10 of 14
    troy McClure to ElkGroveDan
    Tony told him “ Resign Today and get your Arse back to Kenya”.
  • Evangelicals will vote for Mormon Mitt Romney, says Southern Baptist leader

    04/11/2012 8:58:16 PM PDT · 81 of 134
    troy McClure to All

    I will never vote for a Spawn of Satan cult member Mormon.

  • How Romney Stacks Up Against Obama

    04/11/2012 12:38:50 PM PDT · 17 of 18
    troy McClure to All

    I will never vote for a Spawn of Satan cult member Mormon.

  • Eric Holder Votes!

    04/09/2012 9:22:54 AM PDT · 7 of 18
    troy McClure to All

    Holder got Punked.

  • Rick Santorum offers a winning message

    04/09/2012 9:08:42 AM PDT · 14 of 55
    troy McClure to Wpin

    The GOP can kiss my vote good bye. I WILL NEVER VOTE FOR A CULT MEMBER.

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • Obama, the Happy Drug Warrior

    04/09/2012 9:08:29 AM PDT · 21 of 23
    troy McClure to dinodino
    215 Pot growers are killing people where I live.

    They are not some sick person with cancer growing a few plants in their back yard.

    The are Criminals that are growing hundreds of plants under 215 and selling it out of state.

    I have no use for Dopers, There is no reason to smoke pot or use drugs.

    Nancy Reagan said it best “ Just Say No”.

  • Cosby on Trayvon Case: Disarm Neighborhood Watchmen

    04/08/2012 9:14:16 PM PDT · 54 of 116
    troy McClure to All
    If his son was armed he would still be alive, rather than being killed by a carjacker up on Mullholland Drive.
  • Obama, the Happy Drug Warrior

    04/08/2012 1:24:32 PM PDT · 18 of 23
    troy McClure to BlazingArizona
    I have NO USE for Druggies.

    POT is a Gateway drug pure and simple any Junky, Crackhead or Tweeker will tell you the started with Pot.

    I favor the Singapore treatment for druggies.

  • Rick Warren explains the problem in calling Romney a ‘Christian’

    04/08/2012 12:53:52 PM PDT · 22 of 71
    troy McClure to All
    Here is the Link to Saddlebacks Easter services.
    http://www.saddleback.com/blogs/internetcampus/

    Instead of bashing Rick why don't you listen to a service and get your facts straight.

  • Rick Warren explains the problem in calling Romney a ‘Christian’

    04/08/2012 12:53:47 PM PDT · 21 of 71
    troy McClure to All

    Dear friends,

    A few days ago, an article appeared in the Orange County Register that included some outrageous statements about Saddleback that were incorrect. Of course, the media rarely gets everything right, and there’s no way we could respond to every false statement made about us. But I felt this article created so many misperceptions that I agreed to do an interview in response. The interview transcript is included below. Please read it all and then forward it to everyone you know who would be interested.

    Thanks!

    RICK WARREN ON MUSLIMS, EVANGELISM and MISSIONS
    with Brandon A. Cox and The Christian Post

    QUESTION: Do people of other religions worship the same God as Christians?

    WARREN: Of course not. Christians have a view of God that is unique. We believe Jesus is God! We believe God is a Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Not three separate gods but one God. No other faith believes Jesus is God. My God is Jesus. The belief in God as a Trinity is the foundational difference between Christians and everyone else. There are 2.1 billion people who call themselves Christians . . . whether Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Pentecostal, or Evangelical . . . and they all have the doctrine of the Trinity in common.

    QUESTION: A recent newspaper article claimed you believe Christians and Muslims worship the same God, that you are “in partnership” with a mosque, and that you both agreed to “not evangelize each other.” You immediately posted a brief refutation online. Can you expand on that?

    WARREN: Sure. All three of those statements are flat out wrong. Those statements were made by a reporter, not by me. I did not say them . . . I do not believe them . . . I completely disagree with them . . . and no one even talked to me about that article! So let me address each one individually: First, as I’ve already said, Christians have a fundamentally different view of God than Muslims. We worship Jesus as God. Muslims don’t. Our God is Jesus, not Allah. Colossians 2:9 says “For in Christ dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” Second, while we urge our members to build friendships with everyone in our community, including Muslims and other faiths, (“Love your neighbor as yourself”), our church has never had any partnership with a mosque. Friendship and partnership are two very different levels of commitment. Some of our members have hosted a Bible study with Muslim friends, which I applaud, but I’ve never been to it, and a Bible study certainly isn’t any kind of partnership or merger! It’s just crazy that a simple Bible study where people explore scripture with non-Christians would be reported as a partnership and others would interpret that as a plan for a new compromised religion. Just crazy! Third, as both an Evangelical and as an evangelist, anyone who knows me and my 40 year track record of ministry knows that I would never agree to “not evangelizing” anyone! I am commanded by my Savior to share the Good News with all people everywhere, all the time, in every way possible! Anyone who’s heard me teach knows that my heart beats for bringing others to Jesus.

    QUESTION: That same article mentioned that you ate an Iftar dinner with Orange County Muslims. What is that all about?

    WARREN: It’s called being polite and a good neighbor. For years, we have invited Muslim friends to attend our Easter and Christmas services and they have graciously attended year after year. Some have even celebrated our family’s personal Christmas service in our home. So when they have a potluck when their month of fasting ends, we go to their party. It’s a Jesus thing. The Pharisees criticized him as “the friend of sinners” because Jesus ate dinner with people they disapproved of. By the way, one of my dear friends is a Jewish Rabbi and my family has celebrated Passover at his home, and he attends our Christmas and Easter services. I wish more Christians would reach out in love like Jesus.

    QUESTION: Why do you think people who call themselves Christians sometimes say the most hateful things about Muslims?

    WARREN: Well, some of those folks probably aren’t really Christians. 1 John 4:20 says, “If anyone says, ‘I love God,’ yet hates his brother, he is a liar. For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen.” And 1 John 2:9 says “Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness.” I am not allowed by Jesus to hate anyone. Our culture has accepted two huge lies: The first is that if you disagree with someone’s lifestyle, you must fear them or hate them. The second is that to love someone means you agree with everything they believe or do. Both are nonsense. You don’t have to compromise convictions to be compassionate.

    QUESTION: Let’s talk about evangelism. In the past 10 years, Saddleback Church has baptized over 24,000 new believers. No other church comes close to that record. You are likely the most evangelistic church in America. What’s the key?

    WARREN: We are willing to do what many other churches are unwilling to do. We are willing to go beyond our comfort zone.

    QUESTION: For instance?

    WARREN: Because Jesus commanded us to take the Gospel to everyone, I spend much of my time with groups of people who completely disagree with what I believe. I’m constantly trying to build a bridge of love to nonbelievers, to atheists, to gays, to those I disagree with politically, and to those of other faiths. We don’t wait for these people to come to church; we go to them and share with them on their turf, not ours. Every member is a minister and a missionary. Saddleback was a missional church 30 years before the term became popular. We just called it being “purpose driven”.

    QUESTION: “Building a bridge” sounds like compromise to many people.

    WARREN: Building a bridge has nothing to do with compromising your beliefs. It’s all about your behavior and your attitude toward them. It’s about genuinely loving people. People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care. Before people ask, “Is Jesus credible?” they want to know if you are credible. Before people trust Jesus they must trust you. You cannot win your enemies to Christ, only your friends. It’s part of what Paul calls “the ministry of reconciliation.” It is Christ-like to treat people with dignity and listen to them with respect.

    QUESTION: Why are most Christians so ineffective at sharing their faith?

    WARREN: I have a whole seminar on that! First, they don’t really have any unbelieving friends. They spend all their time with other Christians. As a result, they are afraid to share their faith because it feels unnatural to them. For most people to come to Christ, you must build a relationship with them first. You must love them. The truth is, most Christians love everything else more than the people around them that Jesus died for. Second, many don’t really believe that people are lost without Christ. Third, many Christians are afraid of the criticism they will receive from other Christians if they hang out with unbelievers. It was the religious people who hated Jesus the most. They criticized him for associating with tax collectors and lepers and prostitutes and politicians and going to parties. Lost people loved Jesus but the religious folks saw his associations as dangerous compromise. The same is true today. Modern Pharisees still use guilt by association as a weapon. Just read the blogs. They’d rather hunker in a bunker and attack those courageous enough to reach out to non-Christians. I do not fear the disapproval of others. I fear the disapproval of God on my disobedience to what he has clearly commanded us to do.

    QUESTION: What is the P.E.A.C.E. plan?

    WARREN: It is a biblical strategy of ministry based on five activities Jesus modeled in his ministry. Saddleback members have been beta testing it for the past nine years all around the world. Each letter of P.E.A.C.E. represents one of five things Jesus taught his disciples to do: P stands for Plant churches. E stands for Equip leaders. A stands for Assist the poor. C stands for Care for the sick. E stands for Educate the next generation. The PEACE plan is accomplished by local churches through local churches. It is based on three passages of Scripture and the specific instructions Jesus gave to his teams that he sent out. There are at least a dozen major differences between the PEACE Plan and the traditional, typical mission program of NGOs and parachurch organizations of the past 100 years. It is a return to the missional strategy.

    QUESTION: What is the PEACE Center?

    WARREN: Based on Jesus’ instructions in Acts 1:8, we practice the PEACE Plan in three dimensions: PERSONAL PEACE – my ministry to those closest to me; LOCAL PEACE -our congregation’s ministry to our community; and GLOBAL PEACE - serving other local churches around the world as those congregations do their own local PEACE. The PEACE Center is the building on our church campus that houses about three dozen of our 300 ministries to the community. It offers our food bank, job training, family counseling, legal aid, tutoring, English as a second language, legal immigration assistance, and many other ministries.

    QUESTION: I read an article that claimed you were building a PEACE Center to bring Muslims and Christians together in peace.

    WARREN: It was the writer’s mistake. He got two different stories confused. Our recently opened PEACE Center, on the Saddleback Church campus has NOTHING . . . zero . . . to do with our Muslim friends.

    This is an example of why I always doubt what I read in newspapers and blogs about ministries. Secular reporters trying to cover churches and theological issues often get it wrong. But then Christian bloggers, instead of contacting the ministry, blindly believe, quote and repost the errors made by secular reporters. Then those errors become permanent, searchable, and global on the Internet. I couldn’t count the number of times a secular reporter has gotten a story about Saddleback wrong but then it is perpetuated by Christians who never fact-check. And the three factors I mentioned about the Internet make it impossible to correct all the misperceptions, and outright lies that get repeated over and over.

    QUESTION: You mentioned legal immigration services. How many languages do Saddleback members speak?

    WARREN: At last count, I heard we speak 76 languages in our church family. One of our 10 values, the “A” in our S.A.D.D.L.E.B.A.C.K. strategy, is that we are an ALL-nation congregation. We are a multi-ethnic church. We want our congregation to look like heaven will look – with every age, race, tribe, and economic background represented.

    QUESTION: What is the goal of your ministry?

    WARREN: To know Christ and make Him known! To live out Jesus’ Great Commandment and Great Commission! In fact, this has been the motto of Saddleback Church since we started it in 1980: “A great commitment to the Great Commandment and the Great Commission will grow a great church.” Everything we do comes out of these two great texts. God’s five eternal purposes for both our lives and the church proceed from these verses. The Purpose Driven Church and The Purpose Driven Life explain this in detail.

    QUESTION: Through the PEACE Plan, Saddleback became the first local congregation in 2,000 years of Christian history to send its members to literally “every nation” as Jesus commanded.

    WARREN: That’s correct.

    QUESTION: How did you accomplish that?

    WARREN: By taking Jesus’ command seriously. When Jesus said, “Go to EVERY nation” we asked ourselves as a church family, “Has any local church in 2,000 years ever actually done that? If not, why don’t we be the first!” So we set a goal to send our members to every nation of the world to do the five tasks of the P.E.A.C.E. Plan by the end of 2010. Of course I know that the Greek ta ethne refers to people groups or tribes not political nations, but you have to start somewhere! So we decided that we would send our members on mission to all 197 nations in the world. (There are 195 nations in the United Nations. The only two nations not in the United Nations are Taiwan and Serbia.) On November 18, 2010, a Saddleback team went to the last nation, #197, a small island in the Caribbean called, St. Kitts. Now, our goal for the next decade, which we call our Decade of Destiny is to mobilize a network of churches who will commit to planting new churches in the final 3,600 unengaged people groups that still do not have a Christian church.

    QUESTION: How many members did you send out to complete your church’s goal of taking the gospel to every nation?

    WARREN: 15,867 members were sent out. Of course, we’ve gone way past that in the last year.

    QUESTION: What is your mission goal this year?

    WARREN: Within a year from this Easter, we intend to plant new churches in 12 strategic cities around the world as resource centers and base camps for the greater goal of planting churches in the 3,600 unengaged people groups.

    QUESTION: What are those 12 cities?

    WARREN: Tokyo, Berlin, Johannesburg, Bangalore, Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, London, Freetown, Moscow, Mexico City, Amman, and Manila. Anyone who’d like to be a part of the team should contact me at PastorRick@saddleback.com or on Twitter, Facebook, or LinkedIn.

    QUESTION: Are you promoting Chrislam?

    WARREN: Of course not. It’s the lie that won’t die. No matter how many times we refute it and correct that lie, people keep passing it on as truth. Jesus is the only way to salvation. Period. If I didn’t believe that, I’d get into a much easier line of work! But I do believe that everybody needs Jesus and I am willing to put up with false statements and misunderstandings in order to get the Gospel out.

    QUESTION: What are your greatest frustrations about evangelism?

    WARREN: That Christians would rather argue than evangelize. That people are more interested in winning arguments that in winning people. That people are more interested in making a point than in making a difference. That people put politics above the souls of people. That people are more afraid of guilt by association than allowing others to go to hell.

    QUESTION: If anyone wants to learn or teach their church how to be more effective in evangelism and missions what should they do?

    WARREN: Write to me at PastorRick@saddleback.com and ask me for an invitation to the group of leaders I train each week through a private webcast.

    QUESTION: Any last word?

    WARREN: Reach one more for Jesus! Anyone who’s read Purpose Driven Life knows those were my father’s last words and deathbed instructions to me. It is the theme of my life and I invite you to make it yours. Nothing is more important than the eternal destiny of those around us.

  • Obama, the Happy Drug Warrior

    04/08/2012 12:19:56 PM PDT · 16 of 23
    troy McClure to All
    The Criminals that grow Pot in my area are causing plenty of problems including murders.

    They are a criminal enterprise and the need to be locked up and their property seized.

  • Obama, the Happy Drug Warrior

    04/08/2012 9:10:26 AM PDT · 5 of 23
    troy McClure to All
    Good I hope the DEA seizes as many properties as possible.

    The “215” Pot growers are criminals that bring crime to our area.

  • ‘CHiPs’ [ Bruce Penhall ]Star’s Son Killed By Alleged Drunk Driver Mourned By His Family

    04/08/2012 8:03:11 AM PDT · 10 of 10
    troy McClure to All
    Bruce's Mom & Dad were killed in a plane crash on their way to see him race.
  • Dad of targeted 49er: Coach's order borders on "criminal act"

    04/06/2012 9:01:46 AM PDT · 22 of 30
    troy McClure to All

    It is Football the whole idea is to hit them so hard that you knock them out of the game.

  • Republicans Brace For The Romney Pivot (Stabbed in the Back)

    04/05/2012 12:37:39 PM PDT · 45 of 49
    troy McClure to All

    The GOP can kiss my vote good bye. I WILL NEVER VOTE FOR A CULT MEMBER.

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • Volkswagen Up! named 2012 World Car of the Year

    04/05/2012 9:53:10 AM PDT · 18 of 20
    troy McClure to All

    From the BUG to the Veyron,VW has come a long way

  • Teacher placed on leave after paper towel incident

    04/05/2012 9:53:00 AM PDT · 8 of 11
    troy McClure to Pearls Before Swine
    In my day Mr. Balbini would have beat the with “ The Paddle” a 3 foot long oak board with holes drilled in it.

    Just having it sit above the chalk board was good enough to insure that the was order in the classroom.

  • Romney in 2002: My only connection to the GOP is I am registered as a Republican

    04/05/2012 9:09:53 AM PDT · 4 of 9
    troy McClure to All

    The GOP can kiss my vote good bye. I WILL NEVER VOTE FOR A CULT MEMBER.

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • Democrats boycott Coke, Walmart over voter ID laws

    04/04/2012 11:41:00 AM PDT · 35 of 37
    troy McClure to All

    Can we get them to boycott all of the elections?

  • Has Rick Warren renounced Christianity by affirming a Document signed by Islamists?

    03/30/2012 5:44:03 PM PDT · 12 of 15
    troy McClure to All

    Dear friends,

    A few days ago, an article appeared in the Orange County Register that included some outrageous statements about Saddleback that were incorrect. Of course, the media rarely gets everything right, and there’s no way we could respond to every false statement made about us. But I felt this article created so many misperceptions that I agreed to do an interview in response. The interview transcript is included below. Please read it all and then forward it to everyone you know who would be interested.

    Thanks!

    RICK WARREN ON MUSLIMS, EVANGELISM and MISSIONS
    with Brandon A. Cox and The Christian Post

    QUESTION: Do people of other religions worship the same God as Christians?

    WARREN: Of course not. Christians have a view of God that is unique. We believe Jesus is God! We believe God is a Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Not three separate gods but one God. No other faith believes Jesus is God. My God is Jesus. The belief in God as a Trinity is the foundational difference between Christians and everyone else. There are 2.1 billion people who call themselves Christians . . . whether Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Pentecostal, or Evangelical . . . and they all have the doctrine of the Trinity in common.

    QUESTION: A recent newspaper article claimed you believe Christians and Muslims worship the same God, that you are “in partnership” with a mosque, and that you both agreed to “not evangelize each other.” You immediately posted a brief refutation online. Can you expand on that?

    WARREN: Sure. All three of those statements are flat out wrong. Those statements were made by a reporter, not by me. I did not say them . . . I do not believe them . . . I completely disagree with them . . . and no one even talked to me about that article! So let me address each one individually: First, as I’ve already said, Christians have a fundamentally different view of God than Muslims. We worship Jesus as God. Muslims don’t. Our God is Jesus, not Allah. Colossians 2:9 says “For in Christ dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” Second, while we urge our members to build friendships with everyone in our community, including Muslims and other faiths, (“Love your neighbor as yourself”), our church has never had any partnership with a mosque. Friendship and partnership are two very different levels of commitment. Some of our members have hosted a Bible study with Muslim friends, which I applaud, but I’ve never been to it, and a Bible study certainly isn’t any kind of partnership or merger! It’s just crazy that a simple Bible study where people explore scripture with non-Christians would be reported as a partnership and others would interpret that as a plan for a new compromised religion. Just crazy! Third, as both an Evangelical and as an evangelist, anyone who knows me and my 40 year track record of ministry knows that I would never agree to “not evangelizing” anyone! I am commanded by my Savior to share the Good News with all people everywhere, all the time, in every way possible! Anyone who’s heard me teach knows that my heart beats for bringing others to Jesus.

    QUESTION: That same article mentioned that you ate an Iftar dinner with Orange County Muslims. What is that all about?

    WARREN: It’s called being polite and a good neighbor. For years, we have invited Muslim friends to attend our Easter and Christmas services and they have graciously attended year after year. Some have even celebrated our family’s personal Christmas service in our home. So when they have a potluck when their month of fasting ends, we go to their party. It’s a Jesus thing. The Pharisees criticized him as “the friend of sinners” because Jesus ate dinner with people they disapproved of. By the way, one of my dear friends is a Jewish Rabbi and my family has celebrated Passover at his home, and he attends our Christmas and Easter services. I wish more Christians would reach out in love like Jesus.

    QUESTION: Why do you think people who call themselves Christians sometimes say the most hateful things about Muslims?

    WARREN: Well, some of those folks probably aren’t really Christians. 1 John 4:20 says, “If anyone says, ‘I love God,’ yet hates his brother, he is a liar. For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen.” And 1 John 2:9 says “Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness.” I am not allowed by Jesus to hate anyone. Our culture has accepted two huge lies: The first is that if you disagree with someone’s lifestyle, you must fear them or hate them. The second is that to love someone means you agree with everything they believe or do. Both are nonsense. You don’t have to compromise convictions to be compassionate.

    QUESTION: Let’s talk about evangelism. In the past 10 years, Saddleback Church has baptized over 24,000 new believers. No other church comes close to that record. You are likely the most evangelistic church in America. What’s the key?

    WARREN: We are willing to do what many other churches are unwilling to do. We are willing to go beyond our comfort zone.

    QUESTION: For instance?

    WARREN: Because Jesus commanded us to take the Gospel to everyone, I spend much of my time with groups of people who completely disagree with what I believe. I’m constantly trying to build a bridge of love to nonbelievers, to atheists, to gays, to those I disagree with politically, and to those of other faiths. We don’t wait for these people to come to church; we go to them and share with them on their turf, not ours. Every member is a minister and a missionary. Saddleback was a missional church 30 years before the term became popular. We just called it being “purpose driven”.

    QUESTION: “Building a bridge” sounds like compromise to many people.

    WARREN: Building a bridge has nothing to do with compromising your beliefs. It’s all about your behavior and your attitude toward them. It’s about genuinely loving people. People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care. Before people ask, “Is Jesus credible?” they want to know if you are credible. Before people trust Jesus they must trust you. You cannot win your enemies to Christ, only your friends. It’s part of what Paul calls “the ministry of reconciliation.” It is Christ-like to treat people with dignity and listen to them with respect.

    QUESTION: Why are most Christians so ineffective at sharing their faith?

    WARREN: I have a whole seminar on that! First, they don’t really have any unbelieving friends. They spend all their time with other Christians. As a result, they are afraid to share their faith because it feels unnatural to them. For most people to come to Christ, you must build a relationship with them first. You must love them. The truth is, most Christians love everything else more than the people around them that Jesus died for. Second, many don’t really believe that people are lost without Christ. Third, many Christians are afraid of the criticism they will receive from other Christians if they hang out with unbelievers. It was the religious people who hated Jesus the most. They criticized him for associating with tax collectors and lepers and prostitutes and politicians and going to parties. Lost people loved Jesus but the religious folks saw his associations as dangerous compromise. The same is true today. Modern Pharisees still use guilt by association as a weapon. Just read the blogs. They’d rather hunker in a bunker and attack those courageous enough to reach out to non-Christians. I do not fear the disapproval of others. I fear the disapproval of God on my disobedience to what he has clearly commanded us to do.

    QUESTION: What is the P.E.A.C.E. plan?

    WARREN: It is a biblical strategy of ministry based on five activities Jesus modeled in his ministry. Saddleback members have been beta testing it for the past nine years all around the world. Each letter of P.E.A.C.E. represents one of five things Jesus taught his disciples to do: P stands for Plant churches. E stands for Equip leaders. A stands for Assist the poor. C stands for Care for the sick. E stands for Educate the next generation. The PEACE plan is accomplished by local churches through local churches. It is based on three passages of Scripture and the specific instructions Jesus gave to his teams that he sent out. There are at least a dozen major differences between the PEACE Plan and the traditional, typical mission program of NGOs and parachurch organizations of the past 100 years. It is a return to the missional strategy.

    QUESTION: What is the PEACE Center?

    WARREN: Based on Jesus’ instructions in Acts 1:8, we practice the PEACE Plan in three dimensions: PERSONAL PEACE – my ministry to those closest to me; LOCAL PEACE -our congregation’s ministry to our community; and GLOBAL PEACE - serving other local churches around the world as those congregations do their own local PEACE. The PEACE Center is the building on our church campus that houses about three dozen of our 300 ministries to the community. It offers our food bank, job training, family counseling, legal aid, tutoring, English as a second language, legal immigration assistance, and many other ministries.

    QUESTION: I read an article that claimed you were building a PEACE Center to bring Muslims and Christians together in peace.

    WARREN: It was the writer’s mistake. He got two different stories confused. Our recently opened PEACE Center, on the Saddleback Church campus has NOTHING . . . zero . . . to do with our Muslim friends.

    This is an example of why I always doubt what I read in newspapers and blogs about ministries. Secular reporters trying to cover churches and theological issues often get it wrong. But then Christian bloggers, instead of contacting the ministry, blindly believe, quote and repost the errors made by secular reporters. Then those errors become permanent, searchable, and global on the Internet. I couldn’t count the number of times a secular reporter has gotten a story about Saddleback wrong but then it is perpetuated by Christians who never fact-check. And the three factors I mentioned about the Internet make it impossible to correct all the misperceptions, and outright lies that get repeated over and over.

    QUESTION: You mentioned legal immigration services. How many languages do Saddleback members speak?

    WARREN: At last count, I heard we speak 76 languages in our church family. One of our 10 values, the “A” in our S.A.D.D.L.E.B.A.C.K. strategy, is that we are an ALL-nation congregation. We are a multi-ethnic church. We want our congregation to look like heaven will look – with every age, race, tribe, and economic background represented.

    QUESTION: What is the goal of your ministry?

    WARREN: To know Christ and make Him known! To live out Jesus’ Great Commandment and Great Commission! In fact, this has been the motto of Saddleback Church since we started it in 1980: “A great commitment to the Great Commandment and the Great Commission will grow a great church.” Everything we do comes out of these two great texts. God’s five eternal purposes for both our lives and the church proceed from these verses. The Purpose Driven Church and The Purpose Driven Life explain this in detail.

    QUESTION: Through the PEACE Plan, Saddleback became the first local congregation in 2,000 years of Christian history to send its members to literally “every nation” as Jesus commanded.

    WARREN: That’s correct.

    QUESTION: How did you accomplish that?

    WARREN: By taking Jesus’ command seriously. When Jesus said, “Go to EVERY nation” we asked ourselves as a church family, “Has any local church in 2,000 years ever actually done that? If not, why don’t we be the first!” So we set a goal to send our members to every nation of the world to do the five tasks of the P.E.A.C.E. Plan by the end of 2010. Of course I know that the Greek ta ethne refers to people groups or tribes not political nations, but you have to start somewhere! So we decided that we would send our members on mission to all 197 nations in the world. (There are 195 nations in the United Nations. The only two nations not in the United Nations are Taiwan and Serbia.) On November 18, 2010, a Saddleback team went to the last nation, #197, a small island in the Caribbean called, St. Kitts. Now, our goal for the next decade, which we call our Decade of Destiny is to mobilize a network of churches who will commit to planting new churches in the final 3,600 unengaged people groups that still do not have a Christian church.

    QUESTION: How many members did you send out to complete your church’s goal of taking the gospel to every nation?

    WARREN: 15,867 members were sent out. Of course, we’ve gone way past that in the last year.

    QUESTION: What is your mission goal this year?

    WARREN: Within a year from this Easter, we intend to plant new churches in 12 strategic cities around the world as resource centers and base camps for the greater goal of planting churches in the 3,600 unengaged people groups.

    QUESTION: What are those 12 cities?

    WARREN: Tokyo, Berlin, Johannesburg, Bangalore, Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, London, Freetown, Moscow, Mexico City, Amman, and Manila. Anyone who’d like to be a part of the team should contact me at PastorRick@saddleback.com or on Twitter, Facebook, or LinkedIn.

    QUESTION: Are you promoting Chrislam?

    WARREN: Of course not. It’s the lie that won’t die. No matter how many times we refute it and correct that lie, people keep passing it on as truth. Jesus is the only way to salvation. Period. If I didn’t believe that, I’d get into a much easier line of work! But I do believe that everybody needs Jesus and I am willing to put up with false statements and misunderstandings in order to get the Gospel out.

    QUESTION: What are your greatest frustrations about evangelism?

    WARREN: That Christians would rather argue than evangelize. That people are more interested in winning arguments that in winning people. That people are more interested in making a point than in making a difference. That people put politics above the souls of people. That people are more afraid of guilt by association than allowing others to go to hell.

    QUESTION: If anyone wants to learn or teach their church how to be more effective in evangelism and missions what should they do?

    WARREN: Write to me at PastorRick@saddleback.com and ask me for an invitation to the group of leaders I train each week through a private webcast.

    QUESTION: Any last word?

    WARREN: Reach one more for Jesus! Anyone who’s read Purpose Driven Life knows those were my father’s last words and deathbed instructions to me. It is the theme of my life and I invite you to make it yours. Nothing is more important than the eternal destiny of those around us.

  • Rick Warren is a member of the "Chrislam" Movement

    03/29/2012 6:12:26 PM PDT · 21 of 34
    troy McClure to All

    Dear friends,

    A few days ago, an article appeared in the Orange County Register that included some outrageous statements about Saddleback that were incorrect. Of course, the media rarely gets everything right, and there’s no way we could respond to every false statement made about us. But I felt this article created so many misperceptions that I agreed to do an interview in response. The interview transcript is included below. Please read it all and then forward it to everyone you know who would be interested.

    Thanks!

    RICK WARREN ON MUSLIMS, EVANGELISM and MISSIONS
    with Brandon A. Cox and The Christian Post

    QUESTION: Do people of other religions worship the same God as Christians?

    WARREN: Of course not. Christians have a view of God that is unique. We believe Jesus is God! We believe God is a Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Not three separate gods but one God. No other faith believes Jesus is God. My God is Jesus. The belief in God as a Trinity is the foundational difference between Christians and everyone else. There are 2.1 billion people who call themselves Christians . . . whether Catholic, Orthodox, Protestant, Pentecostal, or Evangelical . . . and they all have the doctrine of the Trinity in common.

    QUESTION: A recent newspaper article claimed you believe Christians and Muslims worship the same God, that you are “in partnership” with a mosque, and that you both agreed to “not evangelize each other.” You immediately posted a brief refutation online. Can you expand on that?

    WARREN: Sure. All three of those statements are flat out wrong. Those statements were made by a reporter, not by me. I did not say them . . . I do not believe them . . . I completely disagree with them . . . and no one even talked to me about that article! So let me address each one individually: First, as I’ve already said, Christians have a fundamentally different view of God than Muslims. We worship Jesus as God. Muslims don’t. Our God is Jesus, not Allah. Colossians 2:9 says “For in Christ dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.” Second, while we urge our members to build friendships with everyone in our community, including Muslims and other faiths, (“Love your neighbor as yourself”), our church has never had any partnership with a mosque. Friendship and partnership are two very different levels of commitment. Some of our members have hosted a Bible study with Muslim friends, which I applaud, but I’ve never been to it, and a Bible study certainly isn’t any kind of partnership or merger! It’s just crazy that a simple Bible study where people explore scripture with non-Christians would be reported as a partnership and others would interpret that as a plan for a new compromised religion. Just crazy! Third, as both an Evangelical and as an evangelist, anyone who knows me and my 40 year track record of ministry knows that I would never agree to “not evangelizing” anyone! I am commanded by my Savior to share the Good News with all people everywhere, all the time, in every way possible! Anyone who’s heard me teach knows that my heart beats for bringing others to Jesus.

    QUESTION: That same article mentioned that you ate an Iftar dinner with Orange County Muslims. What is that all about?

    WARREN: It’s called being polite and a good neighbor. For years, we have invited Muslim friends to attend our Easter and Christmas services and they have graciously attended year after year. Some have even celebrated our family’s personal Christmas service in our home. So when they have a potluck when their month of fasting ends, we go to their party. It’s a Jesus thing. The Pharisees criticized him as “the friend of sinners” because Jesus ate dinner with people they disapproved of. By the way, one of my dear friends is a Jewish Rabbi and my family has celebrated Passover at his home, and he attends our Christmas and Easter services. I wish more Christians would reach out in love like Jesus.

    QUESTION: Why do you think people who call themselves Christians sometimes say the most hateful things about Muslims?

    WARREN: Well, some of those folks probably aren’t really Christians. 1 John 4:20 says, “If anyone says, ‘I love God,’ yet hates his brother, he is a liar. For anyone who does not love his brother, whom he has seen, cannot love God, whom he has not seen.” And 1 John 2:9 says “Anyone who claims to be in the light but hates his brother is still in the darkness.” I am not allowed by Jesus to hate anyone. Our culture has accepted two huge lies: The first is that if you disagree with someone’s lifestyle, you must fear them or hate them. The second is that to love someone means you agree with everything they believe or do. Both are nonsense. You don’t have to compromise convictions to be compassionate.

    QUESTION: Let’s talk about evangelism. In the past 10 years, Saddleback Church has baptized over 24,000 new believers. No other church comes close to that record. You are likely the most evangelistic church in America. What’s the key?

    WARREN: We are willing to do what many other churches are unwilling to do. We are willing to go beyond our comfort zone.

    QUESTION: For instance?

    WARREN: Because Jesus commanded us to take the Gospel to everyone, I spend much of my time with groups of people who completely disagree with what I believe. I’m constantly trying to build a bridge of love to nonbelievers, to atheists, to gays, to those I disagree with politically, and to those of other faiths. We don’t wait for these people to come to church; we go to them and share with them on their turf, not ours. Every member is a minister and a missionary. Saddleback was a missional church 30 years before the term became popular. We just called it being “purpose driven”.

    QUESTION: “Building a bridge” sounds like compromise to many people.

    WARREN: Building a bridge has nothing to do with compromising your beliefs. It’s all about your behavior and your attitude toward them. It’s about genuinely loving people. People don’t care how much you know until they know how much you care. Before people ask, “Is Jesus credible?” they want to know if you are credible. Before people trust Jesus they must trust you. You cannot win your enemies to Christ, only your friends. It’s part of what Paul calls “the ministry of reconciliation.” It is Christ-like to treat people with dignity and listen to them with respect.

    QUESTION: Why are most Christians so ineffective at sharing their faith?

    WARREN: I have a whole seminar on that! First, they don’t really have any unbelieving friends. They spend all their time with other Christians. As a result, they are afraid to share their faith because it feels unnatural to them. For most people to come to Christ, you must build a relationship with them first. You must love them. The truth is, most Christians love everything else more than the people around them that Jesus died for. Second, many don’t really believe that people are lost without Christ. Third, many Christians are afraid of the criticism they will receive from other Christians if they hang out with unbelievers. It was the religious people who hated Jesus the most. They criticized him for associating with tax collectors and lepers and prostitutes and politicians and going to parties. Lost people loved Jesus but the religious folks saw his associations as dangerous compromise. The same is true today. Modern Pharisees still use guilt by association as a weapon. Just read the blogs. They’d rather hunker in a bunker and attack those courageous enough to reach out to non-Christians. I do not fear the disapproval of others. I fear the disapproval of God on my disobedience to what he has clearly commanded us to do.

    QUESTION: What is the P.E.A.C.E. plan?

    WARREN: It is a biblical strategy of ministry based on five activities Jesus modeled in his ministry. Saddleback members have been beta testing it for the past nine years all around the world. Each letter of P.E.A.C.E. represents one of five things Jesus taught his disciples to do: P stands for Plant churches. E stands for Equip leaders. A stands for Assist the poor. C stands for Care for the sick. E stands for Educate the next generation. The PEACE plan is accomplished by local churches through local churches. It is based on three passages of Scripture and the specific instructions Jesus gave to his teams that he sent out. There are at least a dozen major differences between the PEACE Plan and the traditional, typical mission program of NGOs and parachurch organizations of the past 100 years. It is a return to the missional strategy.

    QUESTION: What is the PEACE Center?

    WARREN: Based on Jesus’ instructions in Acts 1:8, we practice the PEACE Plan in three dimensions: PERSONAL PEACE – my ministry to those closest to me; LOCAL PEACE -our congregation’s ministry to our community; and GLOBAL PEACE - serving other local churches around the world as those congregations do their own local PEACE. The PEACE Center is the building on our church campus that houses about three dozen of our 300 ministries to the community. It offers our food bank, job training, family counseling, legal aid, tutoring, English as a second language, legal immigration assistance, and many other ministries.

    QUESTION: I read an article that claimed you were building a PEACE Center to bring Muslims and Christians together in peace.

    WARREN: It was the writer’s mistake. He got two different stories confused. Our recently opened PEACE Center, on the Saddleback Church campus has NOTHING . . . zero . . . to do with our Muslim friends.

    This is an example of why I always doubt what I read in newspapers and blogs about ministries. Secular reporters trying to cover churches and theological issues often get it wrong. But then Christian bloggers, instead of contacting the ministry, blindly believe, quote and repost the errors made by secular reporters. Then those errors become permanent, searchable, and global on the Internet. I couldn’t count the number of times a secular reporter has gotten a story about Saddleback wrong but then it is perpetuated by Christians who never fact-check. And the three factors I mentioned about the Internet make it impossible to correct all the misperceptions, and outright lies that get repeated over and over.

    QUESTION: You mentioned legal immigration services. How many languages do Saddleback members speak?

    WARREN: At last count, I heard we speak 76 languages in our church family. One of our 10 values, the “A” in our S.A.D.D.L.E.B.A.C.K. strategy, is that we are an ALL-nation congregation. We are a multi-ethnic church. We want our congregation to look like heaven will look – with every age, race, tribe, and economic background represented.

    QUESTION: What is the goal of your ministry?

    WARREN: To know Christ and make Him known! To live out Jesus’ Great Commandment and Great Commission! In fact, this has been the motto of Saddleback Church since we started it in 1980: “A great commitment to the Great Commandment and the Great Commission will grow a great church.” Everything we do comes out of these two great texts. God’s five eternal purposes for both our lives and the church proceed from these verses. The Purpose Driven Church and The Purpose Driven Life explain this in detail.

    QUESTION: Through the PEACE Plan, Saddleback became the first local congregation in 2,000 years of Christian history to send its members to literally “every nation” as Jesus commanded.

    WARREN: That’s correct.

    QUESTION: How did you accomplish that?

    WARREN: By taking Jesus’ command seriously. When Jesus said, “Go to EVERY nation” we asked ourselves as a church family, “Has any local church in 2,000 years ever actually done that? If not, why don’t we be the first!” So we set a goal to send our members to every nation of the world to do the five tasks of the P.E.A.C.E. Plan by the end of 2010. Of course I know that the Greek ta ethne refers to people groups or tribes not political nations, but you have to start somewhere! So we decided that we would send our members on mission to all 197 nations in the world. (There are 195 nations in the United Nations. The only two nations not in the United Nations are Taiwan and Serbia.) On November 18, 2010, a Saddleback team went to the last nation, #197, a small island in the Caribbean called, St. Kitts. Now, our goal for the next decade, which we call our Decade of Destiny is to mobilize a network of churches who will commit to planting new churches in the final 3,600 unengaged people groups that still do not have a Christian church.

    QUESTION: How many members did you send out to complete your church’s goal of taking the gospel to every nation?

    WARREN: 15,867 members were sent out. Of course, we’ve gone way past that in the last year.

    QUESTION: What is your mission goal this year?

    WARREN: Within a year from this Easter, we intend to plant new churches in 12 strategic cities around the world as resource centers and base camps for the greater goal of planting churches in the 3,600 unengaged people groups.

    QUESTION: What are those 12 cities?

    WARREN: Tokyo, Berlin, Johannesburg, Bangalore, Buenos Aires, Hong Kong, London, Freetown, Moscow, Mexico City, Amman, and Manila. Anyone who’d like to be a part of the team should contact me at PastorRick@saddleback.com or on Twitter, Facebook, or LinkedIn.

    QUESTION: Are you promoting Chrislam?

    WARREN: Of course not. It’s the lie that won’t die. No matter how many times we refute it and correct that lie, people keep passing it on as truth. Jesus is the only way to salvation. Period. If I didn’t believe that, I’d get into a much easier line of work! But I do believe that everybody needs Jesus and I am willing to put up with false statements and misunderstandings in order to get the Gospel out.

    QUESTION: What are your greatest frustrations about evangelism?

    WARREN: That Christians would rather argue than evangelize. That people are more interested in winning arguments that in winning people. That people are more interested in making a point than in making a difference. That people put politics above the souls of people. That people are more afraid of guilt by association than allowing others to go to hell.

    QUESTION: If anyone wants to learn or teach their church how to be more effective in evangelism and missions what should they do?

    WARREN: Write to me at PastorRick@saddleback.com and ask me for an invitation to the group of leaders I train each week through a private webcast.

    QUESTION: Any last word?

    WARREN: Reach one more for Jesus! Anyone who’s read Purpose Driven Life knows those were my father’s last words and deathbed instructions to me. It is the theme of my life and I invite you to make it yours. Nothing is more important than the eternal destiny of those around us.

  • DEA "Speaking Out Against Drug Legalization" Claim 2 - a rebuttal

    03/20/2012 4:15:17 PM PDT · 15 of 38
    troy McClure to All

    I think we should use Singapore as a model for our anti- drug laws.

  • DEA "Speaking Out Against Drug Legalization" Claim 2 - a rebuttal

    03/20/2012 4:14:44 PM PDT · 14 of 38
    troy McClure to All
    I think we should use the Singapore as a model for our anti- drug laws.
  • TMLC getting 'flack' from Muslim groups

    03/20/2012 2:27:11 PM PDT · 8 of 10
    troy McClure to All

    “AMERICANS FOR A MUSLIM FREE WORLD.

    WE LEARNED ALL WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ISLAM ON 9/11.”

    Time to wipe Islam off the face of the earth.

  • TMLC getting 'flack' from Muslim groups

    03/20/2012 2:26:43 PM PDT · 7 of 10
    troy McClure to All

    “AMERICANS FOR A MUSLIM FREE WORLD.

    WE LEARNED ALL WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ISLAM ON 9/11.”

    Time to wipe Islam off the face of the earth.

  • TMLC getting 'flack' from Muslim groups

    03/20/2012 2:26:25 PM PDT · 6 of 10
    troy McClure to All

    “AMERICANS FOR A MUSLIM FREE WORLD.

    WE LEARNED ALL WE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ISLAM ON 9/11.”

    Time to wipe Islam off the face of the earth.

  • Federal travelers receive $36 of taxpayer money for dinner

    03/20/2012 10:40:31 AM PDT · 23 of 38
    troy McClure to All
    They should give them Big Mac meal vouchers and that is it.

    There are McDonald's everywhere.

  • Are Mormons Keeping Mitt Romney Afloat?

    03/16/2012 1:34:37 PM PDT · 28 of 28
    troy McClure to All

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • Are Mormons Keeping Mitt Romney Afloat?

    03/16/2012 1:34:27 PM PDT · 27 of 28
    troy McClure to All

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • 3 Billion Dollar Border Fence Defeated By $40 Jack

    03/16/2012 11:34:05 AM PDT · 16 of 35
    troy McClure to All

    If we want to stop border crossings we need to look at it like the DMZ.
    We need to place a minefield on the US side.

  • 3 Billion Dollar Border Fence Defeated By $40 Jack

    03/16/2012 11:33:57 AM PDT · 15 of 35
    troy McClure to All

    If we want to stop border crossings we need to look at it like the DMZ.
    We need to place a minefield on the US side.

  • 3 Billion Dollar Border Fence Defeated By $40 Jack

    03/16/2012 11:33:49 AM PDT · 14 of 35
    troy McClure to All

    If we want to stop border crossings we need to look at it like the DMZ.
    We need to place a minefield on the US side.

  • 3 Billion Dollar Border Fence Defeated By $40 Jack

    03/16/2012 11:33:40 AM PDT · 13 of 35
    troy McClure to All

    If we want to stop border crossings we need to look at it like the DMZ.
    We need to place a minefield on the US side.

  • US Air Force creates two squadrons to support Obama's re-election campaign tour

    03/11/2012 10:02:37 AM PDT · 17 of 43
    troy McClure to All
    "Wonder why he feels the need for all this protection?" One word Ceauşescus.
  • NY Imam: Mohammed's birthday should be national holiday

    03/07/2012 10:41:19 AM PST · 31 of 43
    troy McClure to All
    I agree, and we can celebrate by burning down every Mosque in America.
  • Man ordered to remove 72-ft boat from yard

  • Man ordered to remove 72-ft boat from yard

    03/06/2012 8:20:09 AM PST · 62 of 88
    troy McClure to All
    Building wooden Ships are his thing I watched him build this one in Santa Ana Heights.

    http://articles.latimes.com/1993-12-29/news/vw-6550_1_newport-beach

    http://www.ocean-institute.org/programs/spirit.html

  • Want to be happy? Move to Hawaii! (Aloha state tops US Well-being Index)

    03/02/2012 2:33:59 PM PST · 22 of 30
    troy McClure to All
  • Weekly FR Boating Thread ~ Vol. 6 ~ Mar. 2, 2012 ~ Selling Your Price & Joy

    03/02/2012 2:22:44 PM PST · 8 of 13
    troy McClure to Kartographer
    Yes it is cheaper to Charter.

    But If you get the right boat and can dry store it rather than pay slip fee's it is the way to go.

    I would like to have a Wally Yacht but I own a P-Cat.

  • NBC will show America's Cup on broadcast TV

    03/02/2012 10:00:56 AM PST · 12 of 18
    troy McClure to All
    I have been sailing Cats for 40 years.

    My current Cat is a Classic P-Cat designed by Carter Pyle in 1960.

    Here is a writeup from SI in 1965 on sailing a P-cat off Diamond Head.

    http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1077829/index.htm

  • NBC will show America's Cup on broadcast TV

    03/02/2012 9:32:01 AM PST · 10 of 18
    troy McClure to All

    Nothing better than messing around on boats.

  • U.S. retail gasoline price up 13 cents to $3.72 (Obama's getting the higher prices he asked for)

    02/27/2012 4:37:47 PM PST · 13 of 21
    troy McClure to All

    I paid $4.29 today.

  • Loyal Romney Voters Bashful About Support

    02/27/2012 1:19:11 PM PST · 5 of 12
    troy McClure to All

    Mormons are a CULT plain and Simple, no different than Scientology.

    http://www.southparkstudios.com/guide/episodes/s07e12-all-about-mormons

  • Man beaten with his own shotgun following two failed robbery attempts of provoked victims

    02/26/2012 7:33:38 AM PST · 24 of 26
    troy McClure to All
    Question, if you load .45 Colt Rimmed in to a .410 will they fire OK?

    I see the Taurus Judge .410/.45 but was wondering if it is possible to do the same with a .410 single shot?

  • Man beaten with his own shotgun following two failed robbery attempts of provoked victims

    02/26/2012 7:33:30 AM PST · 23 of 26
    troy McClure to ladyjane
    Question, if you load .45 Colt Rimmed in to a .410 will they fire OK?

    I see the Taurus Judge .410/.45 but was wondering if it is possible to do the same with a .410 single shot?

  • US Official Visits Va. Mosque To Apologize For Koran Burning

    02/26/2012 7:27:35 AM PST · 43 of 48
    troy McClure to All

    He should go there with 5 gallons of Gas and burn it to the ground.