Keyword: coca

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  • The Chávez Legacy in Venezuela

    01/11/2013 2:08:13 PM PST · by Ooh-Ah · 10 replies
    Hudson Institute ^ | January 10, 2013 | Jaime Daremblum
    Shortly after Hugo Chávez won his first election as Venezuelan president in December 1998, a lawyer from the western state of Barinas, which was then governed by Chávez's father, delivered a prescient warning to Newsweek magazine: "Venezuelans are dreaming of a savior, but Chávez is a dictator. People don't know what they are getting."  More than 14 years later, a cancer-stricken Chávez is reportedly near death, but his autocratic legacy is very much alive. Venezuela long ago ceased to be a real democracy: The ruling regime effectively controls the Supreme Court (which in 2004 was expanded and packed with Chávez allies), the National Assembly...
  • BREAKING NEWS: Coca Cola Recipe 'Discovered'

    02/14/2011 7:08:52 PM PST · by Nachum · 102 replies
    fox news ^ | 2/14/11 | staff
    The ingredients of the drink, founded by John Pemberton, a medicinal pharmacist in 1886, have always been a mystery. However, claims to have discovered a list in a photograph in a newspaper article giving the ingredients and exact quantities to make the drink.
  • Coca puts fizz in new Bolivian energy drink (Coca Brynco)

    01/19/2011 2:13:49 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 2 replies
    Yahoo ^ | 1/18/11 | Claudia Soruco - reuters
    LA PAZ (Reuters) – A pale green energy drink made from coca leaves has given Bolivian President Evo Morales a boost as he tries to persuade the United Nations to scrap a ban on the traditional Andean practice of chewing the leaves. Coca is the raw material for making cocaine, but Bolivians have chewed the leaves for centuries for it mild stimulant that reduces hunger and altitude sickness. The coca leaf was declared an illegal narcotic in the 1961 U.N. Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, along with cocaine, heroin, opium and morphine and a host of chemical drugs. Tuesday's launch...
  • Bolivia's president re-elected head of coca union

    06/07/2010 8:10:46 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 2 replies · 24+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 6/7/10 | AP
    LA PAZ, Bolivia – President Evo Morales has been re-elected as head of Bolivia's largest coca-growers union, a post he has held for more than two decades. Morales was sworn in late Monday as head of the Six Federations of the Tropic of Cochabamba, which represents more than 40,000 growers. .. Morales called his leadership of the union largely "symbolic" but promised regular meetings. His re-election was criticized by opposition members, who said it was inappropriate given an apparent rise in drug trafficking violence.
  • Bolivia halts US anti-drugs work

    11/02/2008 12:33:02 PM PST · by LibWhacker · 10 replies · 543+ views
    BBC ^ | 11/1/08
    President Evo Morales has announced he is suspending "indefinitely" the operations of the US Drug Enforcement Administration in Bolivia.Mr Morales accused the agency of having encouraged anti-government protests in the country in September. He did not say whether its staff would be asked to leave the country, as coca- growers have been pressing him to do. Bolivia's first indigenous president once served as the leader of the country's union of coca-growers.
  • Venezuela's Chavez swaps coffee for coca in speech

    01/26/2008 11:41:46 AM PST · by NormsRevenge · 25 replies · 112+ views
    Reuters on Yahoo ^ | 1/26/08 | Brian Ellsworth
    CARACAS (Reuters) - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez switched from coffee to another stimulant during a speech on Saturday -- he popped a coca leaf into his mouth and chewed it while defending the use of the plant. Bolivian President Evo Morales, an advocate of the Andean nation's indigenous coca growers, brought Chavez coca leaves while in Caracas for a summit of Latin American leaders allied with Chavez. "I knew you wouldn't let me down, my friend, I was running out," Chavez said as he received the leaves from Morales during the televised summit. He broke one in half and chewed...
  • Venezuela willing to buy entire Bolivian industrial coca production

    01/30/2007 4:31:21 PM PST · by Kitten Festival · 15 replies · 579+ views
    El Universal (Venezuela) ^ | 30 Jan 2007 | Staff
    Venezuela intends to purchase the whole Bolivian industrial coca production, some 4,000 tons, for medicines and infusions, from the two plants Caracas is funding in two lavish Bolivian coca areas, said Venezuelan Ambassador in La Paz Julio Montes. The diplomat said Venezuela expects to buy the whole production of the two plants where Caracas has invested USD 1 million. The facilities are based in Yungas, a valley east La Paz, and Lauca Ñ, a village in Chapare, Cochabamba, central Bolivia, AFP reported. The plants funded by Venezuela and operating with Cuban scientific aid will be fully operational in three-six months....
  • Bolivia's Evo Morales Defends Coca Cultivation and Use Before the UN (Translation)

    09/20/2006 1:42:25 PM PDT · by StJacques · 34 replies · 2,819+ views ^ | September 20, 2006 | El Mundo - Bolivia ( translated by self )
    Evo Morales takes the coca leaf to the UN and defends it After unexpectedly wielding a green coca leaf in his right hand, Bolivian President Evo Morales demonstrated Tuesday before world leaders one of the many injustices which he came to raise before the United Nations. Before the initial surprise and reserved applause immediately afterwards, Morales said that to criminalize the coca leaf was an "historic injustice." "This leaf represents the Andean culture, the environment and the hope of the people," said Morales, who before being President was the leader of the Bolivian coca growers. "It is not possible...
  • Changes in Bolivia create growing concern for U.S.

    07/29/2006 8:08:05 PM PDT · by A. Pole · 4 replies · 529+ views ^ | 07/29/2006 | Rebeca Chapa
    COCHABAMBA, Bolivia — The sun sets golden on the small town of Anzaldo, deep in the Bolivian countryside. On a recent evening, Lolita Antezana took a 90-minute taxi ride from Cochabamba to Anzaldo, her freshly purchased table and 10 chairs lashed atop the roof. With its dusty streets, quiet tenor and predictable routines, the town has always been her home. At 79, Antezana said she's "too old to get involved in politics." But even she finds herself excited about Bolivia's new president, Evo Morales. She saw him on television, playing soccer with some kids in La Paz, a decidedly unpresidential...
  • Morales opens Chavez-funded coca factory

    06/17/2006 7:37:08 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 7 replies · 490+ views
    Reuters on Yahoo ^ | 6/17/06 | Reuters
    LA PAZ, Bolivia (Reuters) - Bolivian President Evo Morales visited a coca-growing region on Saturday to open a Venezuelan-funded factory where coca leaves will be made into legal products such as tea and soft drinks. Morales rose in politics as the leader of Bolivia's coca farmers and part of his anti-drug policy is to encourage licit uses for coca -- the plant used to make cocaine, which is also revered by Andean peoples for its medicinal properties. "Manufacturing coca (products) doesn't do any harm because coca isn't a drug," Morales told hundreds of coca farmers gathered in a stadium in...
  • Hugo Chavez visits Bolivian coca region

    05/26/2006 10:22:59 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 6 replies · 349+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 5/26/06 | Vivian Sequera - ap
    SHINAHOTA, Bolivia - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who often accuses the U.S. of plotting to overthrow him, warned Bolivia's president Friday he could be facing the same prospect. Chavez spoke during a visit to the heart of Bolivia's coca-growing region with Bolivian leader Evo Morales and Cuban Vice President Carlos Lage — a trip designed to bolster trade ties among three leftist governments. Chavez responded to President Bush's comment Monday that he was "concerned about the erosion of democracy" in Bolivia and Venezuela. "If the U.S. president says he's worried the democracy is eroding in Bolivia, this simply means that...
  • ¿Y tu, Evo? : [Willy Sutton Theory of Government ?]

    05/06/2006 7:10:56 AM PDT · by fight_truth_decay · 16 replies · 692+ views
    The Daily Reckoning ^ | May 5, 2006 | Bill Bonner
    If Willy Sutton were alive today, he’d be eyeing the oil industry. Sutton, you’ll remember, was once asked why he robbed banks. “‘Cause that’s where the money is,” he replied. According to our sources, Evo Morales may be doing a Willy Sutton number. As candidate for President, he promised the Bolivian peasants a big pay increase. Then, when he got into office, the mean people at the national treasury had a little talk with him. “Where was the money going to come from?” they wanted to know. Evo looked around. He was losing popularity fast. What did the country have...
  • Bolivia Urgers UN To Defy Washington And Legalise Coca

    03/19/2006 7:12:10 PM PST · by blam · 35 replies · 715+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 3-20-2006 | Sophie Arie
    Bolivia urges UN to defy Washington and legalise coca By Sophie Arie in La Paz (Filed: 20/03/2006) Bolivia is leading a Latin American campaign to legalise coca plants despite them being vilified by the United States as the source of the world's cocaine industry. Coca leaves: fans claim it aids digestion and contains more vitamins and nutrients than most vegetables Under the slogan "coca is not cocaine", politicians, consumers and growers across the Andes are promoting the leaf's qualities and calling for coca-based tea, yoghurt, bread, toothpaste, shampoo and soap to be mass produced and exported. Its fans claim it...
  • Official calls coca a healthy breakfast (for school children)

    03/09/2006 12:43:47 AM PST · by neverdem · 14 replies · 626+ views
    The Washington Times ^ | March 9, 2006 | Martin Arostegui
    <p>SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia -- Foreign Minister David Choquehuanca has recommended that school children be fed coca leaves instead of milk for breakfast. The official's comments are part of an effort by the government of President Evo Morales to remove coca from international lists of toxic substances.</p>
  • Coca Leaf "Lunch For Kids"

    02/24/2006 6:33:25 PM PST · by Loyalist · 42 replies · 995+ views
    The Weekend Australian ^ | February 25, 2006 | AFP
    Coca leaf has more nutritional value than milk and should replace it in school lunches, Bolivia's new Foreign Minister has suggested. "Our children need calcium, and the coca leaf has more calcium than milk," David Choquehuanca said. In past interviews, Mr Choquehuanca said he stopped reading books when he discovered his Aymara heritage, and claimed to get his knowledge from reading the wrinkles of his ancestors. "Our children need phosphorous, and the coca leaf has more phosphorous than fish," he said. "Perhaps instead of milk in school lunches, we should be giving coca leaf to our children." Mr Choquehuanca said...
  • Bolivia's Knot: No to Cocaine, but Yes to Coca (the "hemp makes rope" circularity)

    02/11/2006 8:03:55 PM PST · by presidio9 · 1 replies · 503+ views
    The New York Times ^ | February 12, 2006 | JUAN FORERO
    Just weeks ago, Bolivian Army troops swooped down on Seberino Marquina's farm and, one by one, ripped his coca bushes from the ground. But after President Evo Morales's inauguration on Jan. 22, the army conscripts assigned to eradicate coca leaves here as part of the United States-financed war on drugs instead spend their days lolling

    01/24/2006 6:50:00 PM PST · by MillerCreek · 73 replies · 2,979+ views
    Miami Herald ^ | 01/24/06 | Jack Chang, Knight Ridder News Service
    Posted on Tue, Jan. 24, 2006 LATIN AMERICA Bolivian praises coca and CastroEvo Morales' first day as president of Bolivia included meeting leaders of Cuba and Venezuela and the swearing-in of a leftist Cabinet. BY JACK CHANG, Knight Ridder News Service LA PAZ, Bolivia - Newly inaugurated Bolivian President Evo Morales began his historic, five-year term Monday by meeting with leaders from Cuba and Venezuela, two of Latin America's harshest critics of U.S. policy, before swearing in a Cabinet largely made up of political radicals. His Cabinet choices included a former housekeeper turned union activist as justice minister and a...
  • Morales sends coca leaves to George Bush

    01/22/2006 9:43:23 PM PST · by Kitten Festival · 2 replies · 603+ views
    La Vanguardia | 01-22-06 | JOAQUIM IBARZ
    HOJAS DE COCA PARA EL ENVIADO DE BUSH La hoja de coca selló la distensión que Evo Morales propicia con Washington. Thomas Shannon, enviado especial del presidente Bush y subsecretario de Estado para asuntos del Hemisferio Occidental, recibió con sonrisa complaciente las hojas de coca que le obsequió el presidente boliviano horas antes de su toma de posesión. Hace unas semanas, el vicepresidente Alvaro García Linera dijo que Morales pronto daría señales claras de cambio. No hubo que esperar mucho para que se advirtieran que algo nuevo empieza en Bolivia. Evo no sólo hizo que Shannon aceptara la cita en...
  • The Next Crisis (Ollie North)

    01/12/2006 8:37:47 PM PST · by smoothsailing · 22 replies · 1,295+ views
    GOP USA ^ | 01-13-06 | Oliver North
    The Next Crisis By Oliver North January 13, 2006 Official Washington has the attention span of a fruit fly. A "crisis d'jour" momentarily captures the attention of the so-called mainstream media, politicians and government bureaucrats. For a few days -- occasionally for a few weeks -- the potentates on the Potomac will focus on "the problem," hold hearings, introduce some legislation, devise a way to spend more of our tax dollars, initiate an "investigation" -- and move on when they are "shocked," "stunned," and/or "surprised" by the next catastrophe or scandal. Like a pan of soup on a hot stove,...
  • Bolivia's first Indian president sworn in (Evo Morales watch)

    01/22/2006 12:44:12 PM PST · by ChicagoHebrew · 39 replies · 1,215+ views ^ | 1/22/06 | AP
    LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) -- Leftist coca grower Evo Morales, a fierce critic of U.S. policies who helped topple two of his predecessors in deadly street uprisings against Bolivia's ruling elite, was inaugurated Sunday as the nation's first Indian president. The former llama herder and leader of Bolivia's coca growers union raised his fist in a leftist salute just before he swore to uphold the constitution during the ceremony in the ornate Legislative Palace Morales wept and bowed after he was presented with the yellow, red and green presidential sash -- the colors of the Bolivian flag. Outside, tens of...
  • Bolivia's Leader Solidifies Region's Leftward Tilt

    01/21/2006 1:59:38 PM PST · by rdb3 · 11 replies · 445+ views
    The New York Times ^ | 22 January 2006 | JUAN FORERO and LARRY ROHTER
    January 22, 2006 Bolivia's Leader Solidifies Region's Leftward Tilt By JUAN FOREROand LARRY ROHTER TIWANAKU, Bolivia, Jan. 21 - When Evo Morales, an Aymara Indian and former head of the Bolivian coca growers union, is sworn in as president on Sunday, it may be the hardest turn yet in South America's persistent left-leaning tilt, with the potential for big reverberations far beyond the borders of this landlocked Andean nation. While mostly vague on details, and recently moderating his tone, Mr. Morales promises to transform Bolivia. He has said he would "depenalize" cultivation of coca, the prime ingredient for cocaine,...
  • Bolivian president-elect joins Chávez in rejecting free trade

    01/04/2006 4:48:54 PM PST · by 1rudeboy · 26 replies · 597+ views
    AP via the Houston Chronicle ^ | January 3, 2006 | Christopher Toothaker
    Morales signals growing ties with Venezuelan leader as well as Castro CARACAS, VENEZUELA - Bolivian President-elect Evo Morales, fresh from a visit with Fidel Castro, launched a world tour Tuesday by joining with Venezuela's President Hugo Chávez in a denunciation of free-market economics — a sign of the growing relationship among the three leftist leaders. Notably, the tour includes stops in Spain, France, Belgium, South Africa, China and Brazil — but not Washington. Morales' spokesman says he was not invited.Arriving in Caracas aboard a Cuban jetliner, Morales said he and Chávez were uniting in a "fight against neoliberalism and...

    12/28/2005 11:29:02 AM PST · by FerdieMurphy · 9 replies · 430+ views
    Miami Herald ^ | 12/28/2005 | Carlos Valdesa (AP)
    LA PAZ, Bolivia - Bolivia's president-elect said he will meet with Cuban President Fidel Castro during his first trip abroad since winning the Bolivian presidential elections this month.President-elect Evo Morales announced that he will travel Friday to Cuba as the first stop in a world tour that includes visits to Europe, China, South Africa and Brazil before he assumes office Jan. 22. ''We have a lot of invitations from governments, from presidents,'' Morales said Tuesday, adding that he was ''very impressed, very happy'' with the calls he received from leaders of governments and international organizations, including the United Nations.Morales said...

    12/24/2005 7:22:57 AM PST · by FerdieMurphy · 5 replies · 240+ views
    Miami Herald ^ | 12/24/2005 | AP Staff
    LA PAZ, Bolivia - (AP)President-elect Evo Morales persuaded the European Union to fund a study to track what happens to Bolivia's coca leaf and how much is used in the drug trade.The European Union has agreed to a request from Bolivia's President-elect Evo Morales to help determine how much of the nation's coca production and consumption goes to legal uses, and how much is used to make cocaine. The EU will contribute the $499,800 to finance the study, but will not participate in its implementation, Angel Gutiérrez, First Secretary of the EU mission here told The Associated Press on Friday....
  • Peru declares state of emergency after rebel attack

    12/22/2005 6:03:26 PM PST · by FairOpinion · 9 replies · 728+ views
    Reuters/Yahoo News ^ | Dec. 22, 2005 | Robin Emmott
    LIMA (Reuters) - President Alejandro Toledo on Thursday declared a state of emergency in Peru's central jungle after Shining Path guerrillas killed eight policemen amid an upsurge in violence from the Maoist group. The emergency decree bans public gatherings and gives police and military the right to search houses and make arrests without warrants. The rebels killed eight policemen in an ambush on a police vehicle out on routine patrol in the remote Huanuco region on Tuesday, some 220 miles northeast of Lima. The group that led one of Latin America's bloodiest insurgencies in the 1980s and early 1990s has...
  • Chavez Congratulates Bolivia's Morales

    12/18/2005 9:44:51 PM PST · by Tailgunner Joe · 27 replies · 1,069+ views
    Houston Chronicle ^ | Dec. 18, 2005 | FIONA SMITH
    COCHABAMBA, Bolivia — Evo Morales, the socialist coca farmer who would be Bolivia's first Indian president, appeared poised to join the ranks of like-minded leaders who have pushed Latin America's democracies to the left in recent years. With exit polls running strongly in his favor, Morales took an early congratulatory phone call from Venezuela's belligerently anti-American president Hugo Chavez. At a party at Morales' home in Cochabamba, his supporters toasted as the candidate announced that Chavez planned to contact Cuba's Fidel Castro. Said Morales of Chavez: "He's going to tell Fidel the good news" _ eliciting laughs from those nearby....
  • Advocate for Coca Legalization Leads in Bolivian Race

    11/25/2005 11:12:37 PM PST · by neverdem · 24 replies · 770+ views
    NY Times ^ | November 26, 2005 | JUAN FORERO
    CHIPIRIRI, Bolivia - In nearly 50 years of growing coca, José Torrico has seen army soldiers swarm across his fields to pull up his plants and heard threats from successive Bolivian governments determined to destroy his crop. And like thousands of other coca farmers in this verdant, tropical region of central Bolivia, Mr. Torrico has refused to stop growing coca, the main ingredient in cocaine, even in the face of a relentless United States-financed effort to stamp it out. Now, after years of persistence, he and his fellow farmers say they are eagerly anticipating the advent of a new era,...
  • First lady of Peru hails coca

    02/23/2005 2:15:32 AM PST · by JohnHuang2 · 7 replies · 440+ views
    Washington Times ^ | Wednesday, February 23, 2005
    AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE Peru's first lady said yesterday that coca, which contains cocaine, cannot be stamped out because it has been used for thousands of years. Besides, she said, it is good for you. "Coca has many, many virtues in addition to health and ritualistic" uses, anthropologist Elaine Karp, wife of Peruvian President Alejandro Toledo, said in a speech at George Washington University. According to the State Department, Peru is the world's second-largest producer of coca leaf, from which cocaine is extracted. The United States has spent millions of dollars trying to eradicate coca crops in Peru, 90 percent of which...
  • Boiling Bolivia

    10/08/2003 1:24:07 PM PDT · by Jacob Kell · 7 replies · 515+ views ^ | October 8, 2003 | Michael Radu
    Bolivia is on the brink of a constitutional, indeed, societal collapse. It seems headed for a military coup d’état and general chaos. In the overall scheme of things in Latin America, Bolivia is of only marginal economic or political significance. But as the most acute case of a more general and disturbing set of problems affecting far more important countries in the region—an increased radicalization (and anti-democratic manipulation) of indigenous peoples, the return of long-discredited populist and Marxist ideologies, general government incompetence, and pathological anti-Americanism—it is a country we should be paying attention to. The immediate cause of Bolivia’s current...
  • Bolivia considers cultivating cocaine

    02/24/2003 4:43:03 PM PST · by gaucho · 4 replies · 389+ views
    Ventura County ^ | 02/03/2003
    February 23, 2003 LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) -- The president of Bolivia is considering a plan to resume cultivation of the raw ingredient in cocaine in a remote jungle basin -- a move the U.S. government fears would undermine what is viewed as its most successful anti-drug program in South America. President Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada is studying a proposal to allow cultivation of coca in the Chapare region of central Bolivia to help calm unrest among growers who have blockaded major highways and put their support behind his political rival. "We've begun serious dialogues with coca growers with the...
  • Training mission signals greater US role in Columbia conflict

    02/14/2003 7:47:15 AM PST · by Hemingway's Ghost · 29 replies · 403+ views
    <p>SARAVENA, Columbia—The arrival of US special forces trainers in this battered town last month signaled that the US military will play a more direct role in Columbia’s long civil war, a challenge that could lead the country’s two leftist guerilla armies to broaden attacks against US targets.</p> <p>Late last month, the smaller of the two Marxist-oriented guerilla movements, the National Liberation Army, kidnapped two journalists, a Briton and an American, in this oil-rich region of eastern Columbia, saying the province had become a “war zone declared by the North American government and the Columbian state.”</p>
  • Andean coca production nears all-time high despite billions in U.S. eradication

    07/21/2002 12:41:56 AM PDT · by HAL9000 · 9 replies · 374+ views
    Knight Ridder | July 21, 2002 | Kevin G. Hall and Cassio Furtado
    RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil - Despite spending billions of dollars to train police forces, whip soldiers into shape, spray crops with defoliants and teach farmers how to grow anything but coca plants, the United States is losing ground in the South American drug war. In Peru, coca eradication efforts stopped July 2. In Bolivia, where by last year authorities had nearly ended the growing of coca leaves that are refined to make cocaine, farmers are back at it. In Colombia, the president-elect's vow to eliminate the nation's burgeoning coca crop has shrunk to a pledge to attack only industrial-sized...