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Keyword: companies

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  • 7 companies that won't make it to 2020

    12/09/2009 7:34:19 AM PST · by SeekAndFind · 95 replies · 3,216+ views
    MSN Money ^ | 12/9/2009 | Michael Brush
    NO SPACE FOR COMPLETE EXPLANATION, CAN ONLY POST EXCERPTS. READ ENTIRE ARTICLE BY CLICKING ABOVE LINK : Potentially fatal flaws come in many forms. But three crop up the most when you talk to experts: excessive debt, superior competitors and the inability to keep up with technological change. 1. Palm With the Treo, Palm (PALM, news, msgs) was an early pioneer of the move to smart phones. So it doesn't seem right that stronger competitors such as Apple (AAPL, news, msgs) and Research In Motion (RIMM, news, msgs) are now going to crush it. But that seems to be Palm's...
  • Boycott List Shows Companies Backing Planned Parenthood Abortion Biz

    11/06/2009 8:54:21 AM PST · by julieee · 4 replies · 938+ views
    LifeNews.com ^ | November 6, 2009 | Steven Ertelt
    Boycott List Shows Companies Backing Planned Parenthood Abortion Biz Washington, DC (LifeNews.com) -- A Planned Parenthood watchdog has released an updated list of the corporations and companies that provide direct funding for the abortion business. Life Decisions International identifies corporations that are boycott targets due to their support for the biggest abortion company in the world. http://www.LifeNews.com/nat5618.html
  • Obama frustrated with companies over flu vaccine

    10/30/2009 2:14:41 PM PDT · by Kartographer · 44 replies · 1,621+ views
    Reuters ^ | 10/30/09 | Ross Colvin
    A quarrel between the U.S. government and swine flu vaccine makers reached the highest level on Friday, with President Barack Obama expressing frustration at the slow pace of production.
  • The Worst-Run Companies of 2009

    10/22/2009 2:16:57 PM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 12 replies · 1,179+ views
    The Street ^ | 10/22/2009 | Scott Rothbort
    MILLBURN, N.J. (TheStreet) -- Every October for the past three years, I have presented my list of the worst-run companies in the U.S. It is time to unveil 2009's list of ignominious public corporations, but first, let's turn back the clock and see how past honorees have fared:
  • List of World's Largest News / Information Companies (PLEASE HELP)

    07/17/2009 11:07:29 PM PDT · by PureSolace · 8 replies · 488+ views
    See Above | Right Now | Me, Myself & I
    Hi Everyone. I'm looking for your help. I'm trying to compile a list of the world's largest news and information companies. (Things like AP, Reuters, CNN, Breitbart, Fox News, Sky News, etc.) Also, if you have any information for which one is the largest (maybe a top 10 list for info.) And I don't mean large as in how much money... I mean large as in their tentacles spread far and wide and they have reporters in every nook and cranny. All I ask is that you be honest, give me your best research (or guess) as well as any...
  • 10 companies that could go bankrupt

    04/15/2009 5:03:55 AM PDT · by SeekAndFind · 25 replies · 3,862+ views
    MSN Money ^ | 4/15/2009 | Catherine Holahan
    The B-word is in the headlines like never before. There were 7,843 commercial bankruptcy filings in March, according to AACER, a bankruptcy data management company. That's up 23% from the previous month and a staggering 65% from a year earlier. And the number of filings is accelerating. "Bankruptcy typically has a lag behind what is going on in the marketplace," says Mike Bickford, the president of AACER, or Automated Access to Court Electronic Records. "So I think you are going to see increases in bankruptcy. . . at least over the next 12 to 18 months." One potential victim: Blockbuster...
  • Will Real Estate Appraisal Management Companies (AMC's) Be More Ethical? Not Likely

    02/24/2009 8:22:20 AM PST · by WayneLusvardi · 1 replies · 701+ views
    Pasadena Sub Rosa ^ | February 23, 2009 | Charles B. Warren
    Now that we are in the middle of a real estate disaster there is a great hue and cry for regulatory reform. We were here before in the early 1990's. The answer on that occasion was real estate appraisal licensing. Now the thrust is on Appraisal Management Companies (AMC's). Licensing did and does have some potential to address the proper evaluation of collateral for loan purposes. In the intervening years, however, it was subject to what is known in political science as "regulatory capture*". The emphasis in the New York State Attorney General Andres M. Cuomo proposal on Home Valuation...
  • Experienced investor's take on the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

    02/19/2009 7:14:12 PM PST · by Liberatio · 8 replies · 314+ views
    ircforex.com ^ | 02/19/2009 | drumr
    The provisions of SOX has changed the behavior of senior corporate executives and accounting professional in the way business is practiced by publicly traded and financed companies. Some companies comply while others try to find ways around it much like politicians try to avoid following legislation they help to create. For some people it gives them a calmer state of mind because they think this legislation will stop some behavior from occurring. Politicians did something to appease the public who may not understand accounting principles and un-savvy investors.
  • 15 Companies That Might Not Survive 2009

    02/09/2009 3:03:15 PM PST · by bigbob · 23 replies · 1,936+ views
    Yahoo Finance ^ | February 6, 2009, | Rick Newman
    Who's next? With consumers shutting their wallets and corporate revenues plunging, the business landscape may start to resemble a graveyard in 2009. Household names like Circuit City and Linens 'n Things have already perished. And chances are, those bankruptcies were just an early warning sign of a much broader epidemic. Moody's Investors Service, for instance, predicts that the default rate on corporate bonds - which foretells bankruptcies - will be three times higher in 2009 than in 2008, and 15 times higher than in 2007. That could equate to 25 significant bankruptcies per month.
  • Arizona seeks to entice California companies

    01/10/2009 2:48:14 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 31 replies · 772+ views
    Sac Bee ^ | 1/10/09 | Dale Kasler
    Arizona is trying to poach California businesses. The Arizona Department of Commerce announced an initiative Friday to lure companies away from California. The program wasn't prompted by California's budget crisis, which has sparked talk of tax increases, but, "I can't say that's not part of the situation," said department spokesman David Drennon.
  • California warns companies they may owe use tax

    12/29/2008 10:05:00 AM PST · by NormsRevenge · 73 replies · 3,079+ views
    LA Times ^ | 12/29/08 | Marc Lifsher
    Reporting from Sacramento -- Over the last six months, California tax officials have quietly mailed thousands of official letters to doctors, beauty salons, insurance agents and other service providers looking for some badly needed state tax revenue. The letters asked these service businesses to check records on their out-of-state purchases for the last three years and pay any back taxes they owe. Failure to do so could lead to an audit of the taxpayer's books going back eight years, the letter warned. Californians know all too well about sales taxes they pay almost every day on purchases. But less known...
  • New York To Reduce State Truck Emissions ($20,000 Per Truck; Governor Wants 188 New Taxes & Fees)

    12/18/2008 3:38:00 PM PST · by Sammy67 · 23 replies · 1,212+ views
    Yahoo ^ | 11/25/08
    NY officials want older trucks fitted with emission-reducing equipment; cost put at $195M ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) -- New York is taking steps to reduce diesel emissions in its construction fleet. The Department of Environmental Conservation is floating proposed regulations requiring trucks made before 2007 to be fitted with emissions-reducing equipment and to use ultra-low-sulfur fuel by 2011. The new regulations would apply only to state-owned trucks or trucks used for state contract work. The DEC estimates it will cost $195 million to retrofit about 30,000 state trucks. The New York State
  • Gaffney: "We cannot tolerate and must not permit Uncle Sam's morphing into Uncle Shariah"

    12/17/2008 4:40:04 AM PST · by Sammy67 · 10 replies · 1,263+ views
    WashingtonTimes ^ | 12/17/08 | JihadWatch
    In "Uncle Shariah" in the Washington Times, December 16, Frank Gaffney details why AIG's nationalization is so worrisome: The insurance giant AIG has lately become the poster child for corporate risk-taking, mismanagement and greed. Its unimaginably large losses, rooted in insurance it extended to financial companies engaged in subprime mortgage-backed transactions, have destroyed both AIG's corporate reputation and balance sheet. Indeed, but for the fact that Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson - who during his days running Goldman Sachs had extensive ties to AIG - deemed the insurance firm "too large to fail," the company would surely have gone under by...
  • Gov. David Paterson unveils dire New York State budget that includes new taxes, layoffs and cuts

    12/16/2008 5:23:56 PM PST · by Sammy67 · 73 replies · 2,927+ views
    DAILY NEWS ALBANY BUREAU ^ | 12/16/08 | KENNETH LOVETT and GLENN BLAIN
    ALBANY - Gov. Paterson released a $121 billion slash-and-burn budget Tuesday morning that slams New Yorkers with 88 new fees and taxes - even on their iPods. Calling the budget the "greatest economic and fiscal challenge of our lifetimes," Paterson acknowledged his spending plan cuts deep. But he said the pain must be shared to deal with the fallout from the Wall Street collapse. The budget will cost the city an estimated $650 million in aid. But it's the $4 billion in new fees and taxes that are sure to aggravate everyday New Yorkers, who would be
  • Google Wants Its Own Fast Track on the Web

    12/15/2008 8:39:47 AM PST · by Sammy67 · 26 replies · 1,709+ views
    WallStreetJournal ^ | 12/15/08 | VISHESH KUMAR and CHRISTOPHER RHOADS
    The celebrated openness of the Internet -- network providers are not supposed to give preferential treatment to any traffic -- is quietly losing powerful defenders. Google Inc. has approached major cable and phone companies that carry Internet traffic with a proposal to create a fast lane for its own content, according to documents reviewed by The Wall Street Journal. Google has traditionally been one of the loudest advocates of equal network access for all content providers. At risk is a principle known as network neutrality: Cable and phone companies that operate the data pipelines are supposed to treat all traffic...
  • Sharia Finance: Last Gasp of a Doomed American Economy?

    12/12/2008 12:27:50 PM PST · by Sammy67 · 11 replies · 1,209+ views
    creepingsharia ^ | 12/11/08
    Over the next year, the U.S. government will need to borrow somewhere in the neighborhood of $1 trillion, the most ever by far. Estimates go as high as $2 trillion, depending on how quickly the economy cools and how fast tax revenues fall. The simple question most of America has not asked is this: Where is the money going to come from? The federal government already knows the answer to that question, and it has implications Americans are not ready for but will soon be faced with. America is going cap in hand to Middle East oil exporters. What government...
  • GOP Senator Warns of 'Riots' if Automakers Are Bailed Out

    12/11/2008 10:54:13 PM PST · by Sammy67 · 33 replies · 1,424+ views
    Business & Media Institute ^ | 12/11/08 | Jeff Poor
    Time and again we’ve heard about the lost jobs and economic impact of failing to bail out the beleaguered American auto manufacturers. But little mention has been made of the consequences of going through with the bailout, and how such an action would be viewed by other Americans. In an interview following a Dec. 10 press conference where he and four other senators aired their opposition to the proposed bailout deal struck by congressional leaders and the White House (and approved by the U.S. House of Representatives 237-170 that evening), Sen. Jim DeMint, R-S.C., warned that the perception that some...
  • CA: Trucking companies: We can't afford tougher air regulations (sucking the air out of economy)

    12/04/2008 9:56:49 AM PST · by NormsRevenge · 20 replies · 682+ views
    Bakersfield Californian ^ | 12/4/08 | Stacey Shepard
    With the California Air Resources Board poised to adopt a new rule to cut diesel truck pollution next week, local trucking companies Wednesday highlighted the economic burden it would impose on local businesses and an industry already feeling the squeeze from high fuel costs and the recession. The rule would require truck owners to install pollution controls starting in 2010 and buy newer, cleaner trucks beginning in 2012. It is estimated to cost trucking companies $5 billion over the next decade. Truck owners say the costs are too high to absorb in the short amount of time they have to...
  • SEIU: Union paid millions to companies with family ties

    09/26/2008 9:27:26 AM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 2 replies · 268+ views
    LA Times ^ | 9/26/08 | Paul Pringle
    The Service Employees International Union's headquarters has paid millions of dollars to consulting firms, political nonprofits and individuals with family ties and other personal connections to some of the labor organization's top officers, records show. One company partly owned by a union director also received more than $1 million in SEIU consulting fees. The nation's fastest-growing union, the SEIU bills itself a standard-setter in the drive to reform and modernize the labor movement. It has adopted a code of ethics that bars officers from directing business to their relatives, although a spokeswoman said no competitive bidding process is required when...
  • Foreign Companies Rush In to Invest in Iraq

    06/17/2008 10:26:36 AM PDT · by mondoreb · 11 replies · 187+ views
    DBKP ^ | June 17, 2008 | Mondoreb
    We Won!The rest of the world apparently doesn't read the U.S. Mainstream Media. Or listen to Congressional Democrats, Harry Reid or Code Pink, either. Companies from around the world are rushing into Iraq to do business, due to the improved security climate in that country. Over a half-billion dollars worth of investments from countries that, in many cases, didn't support the U.S. in its efforts to improve Iraq's security. European and Asian companies are beating their American rivals into Iraq now that security has improved the investment climate, Iraq and U.S. officials say. "It's starting to turn … and the...
  • Indictment: Broadcom ex-CEO built drug warehouse

    06/06/2008 6:18:42 AM PDT · by Toddsterpatriot · 39 replies · 165+ views
    AP ^ | June 6, 2008 | Gillian Flaccus
    Indictment: Broadcom co-founder had narcotics warehouse, hired prostitutes, drugged associates SANTA ANA, Calif. (AP) -- Federal prosecutors may have charged Broadcom co-founder Henry T. Nicholas III in one of the largest stock-option backdating cases in U.S. history, but it was allegations that the billionaire drugged his business cohorts, hired prostitutes and maintained a drug warehouse that grabbed headlines. A pair of indictments unsealed Thursday charge the 48-year-old with conspiracy and securities fraud in an alleged scheme to backdate stock options that ultimately forced Broadcom to write down $2.2 billion in profits last year. But prosecutors also detailed a litany of...
  • Iraq qualifies 35 companies for oil deals

    04/16/2008 8:59:23 AM PDT · by BGHater · 22 replies · 101+ views
    UPI ^ | 14 Apr 2008 | Ben Lando
    Iraq's Oil Ministry has approved 35 companies it will allow to bid for soon-to-be announced tenders to develop oil and gas fields. The largest oil companies in the world -- ExxonMobil, Shell, BP, Conoco Phillips, Chevron -- all qualified, as did firms of a variety of sizes and nationalities. The announcement Monday on the ministry's Web site is a major move that could bring foreign oil companies en masse into Iraq since the third-largest oil sector in the world was nationalized three decades ago. It takes place as the ministry attempts to increase oil and gas production as a new...
  • EU power companies set for windfall profits: WWF (thanks to Europe's emissions trading scheme)

    04/06/2008 8:30:07 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 8 replies · 86+ views
    AFP on Yahoo ^ | 4/6/08 | AFP
    BRUSSELS (AFP) - Power companies in just five EU nations could reap windfall profits of up to 71 billion euros over five years thanks to Europe's emissions trading scheme, the green group WWF claimed Monday. The environmental group, which released the findings of a sector study, said the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) gives no incentive to move away from the most polluting coal-fired power stations and warned that Poland and other eastern European members were lobbying against a planned overhaul of the system after 2012. At the root of WWF's gripe is the free distribution of polluting permits to...
  • Administration toughening sanctions for companies that hire illegal immigrants (raises fines 25%)

    02/22/2008 2:19:03 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 25 replies · 154+ views
    ap on San Diego Union - Tribune ^ | 2/22/08 | Eileen Sullivan - ap
    WASHINGTON – The government will raise by 25 percent the fines it levies against employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants, officials said Friday. Attorney General Michael Mukasey and Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff announced the increase, which is the first boost in fines in nearly a decade. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the federal agency responsible for investigating illegal hirings, has stepped up its enforcement of the employer sanctions law in the past year, leading to a dozen major busts. Currently, fines range from $275 to $11,000 depending on the offense. The agency says some penalties could include at least six...
  • Green effort by U.S. companies making slow progress

    01/30/2008 11:39:00 AM PST · by NormsRevenge · 15 replies · 89+ views
    Mercury News ^ | 1/30/08 | Matt Nauman
    U.S. companies talk a lot about going green, but so far there hasn't been much of an impact on improving the environment, according to a report released today. In its first State of Green Business report, Oakland's Greenbiz.com acknowledges slow and inconsistent progress. "Companies, in aggregate, aren't changing quickly or significantly enough to move the needle on climate change and other challenges," said Joel Makower, executive editor of the news-and-research Web site and the 64-page report's primary author. The GreenBiz Index considered 20 indicators of environmental progress, ranging from carbon emissions to paper use to what kind of vehicles are...
  • Media, Web companies set copyright rules

    10/18/2007 8:26:16 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 3 replies · 54+ views
    AP on Yahoo ^ | 10/18/07 | Gary Gentile - ap
    LOS ANGELES - A coalition of major media and Internet companies Thursday issued a set of guidelines for handling copyright-protected videos on large user-generated sites such as MySpace. Conspicuously absent was Google Inc., whose YouTube Web site this week rolled out its own technology to filter copyrighted videos once they've been posted. Media companies Walt Disney Co., Viacom Inc., CBS Corp., NBC Universal and News Corp. joined Internet companies Microsoft Corp., MySpace, Veoh Networks and Dailymotion to issue the guidelines, which would require sites to use filtering technology to block copyrighted clips from being posted without permission. The incentive for...
  • Britain set to okay hybrid embryo research

    09/05/2007 4:15:28 PM PDT · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 6 replies · 324+ views
    One News Now ^ | September 5, 2007 | Jim Brown
    A British pro-life group warns that a new type of embryo research, likely to be approved this week by a U.K. government panel, undermines human dignity. Britain's Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority is expected to give a green light this week to U.K. laboratories seeking to create the first animal-human embryos for medical research using eggs taken from dead cows. British scientists want to use the hybrid embryos in order to research genetic diseases. Anthony Ozimic, political secretary for the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, opposes the embryo-destructive research. He says that an "a-nucleated" cow egg will only...
  • Fewer employers offer health benefits: study

    05/01/2007 12:37:48 PM PDT · by libertarianPA · 32 replies · 1,088+ views
    Reuters via Yahoo! News ^ | 5/1/07 | Reuters
    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Fewer U.S. employers are offering health benefits, mostly because many new small employers have chosen not to pay for health insurance, the U.S. Government Accountability Office reported on Monday. The GAO found an 8 percentage point drop in the share of small employers offering benefits from 2001 to 2006 and said many employers that offer health benefits now make workers pay a higher share of out-of-pocket costs. Some also have begun offering consumer-directed health plans, which trade lower premiums for significantly higher deductibles, or mini-medical plans that provide more limited coverage at lower premiums, the GAO said....
  • Companies Run From Imus

    04/11/2007 8:54:41 AM PDT · by bedolido · 48 replies · 1,310+ views
    Forbes ^ | 4-11-2007 | Joshua Lipton
    Some companies have decided that suspension isn't enough of a punishment for Don Imus. Staples and Procter & Gamble announced that they are pulling their advertising from Imus' radio show following the shock jock's racially charged comments about the Rutgers University women's basketball team.
  • CA: Companies help pay for governor's trips

    03/04/2007 10:18:40 AM PST · by NormsRevenge · 147+ views
    SFGate.com ^ | 3/4/07 | Tom Chorneau
    Sacramento -- Legislators aren't the only ones around the Capitol whose travel to distant countries is financed, in part, by companies that have interests before the state. Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's foreign trade missions are paid for by the California State Protocol Foundation. Though neither the governor's office nor the foundation will disclose the group's funding sources, tax records filed by other nonprofits doing business with the foundation show that it received $75,000 from agribusiness interests and banking. The foundation is led by two of the state's most influential business groups -- the California Chamber of Commerce and the California Roundtable....
  • French have attitude problem says New Yorker

    02/15/2007 12:59:19 PM PST · by george76 · 52 replies · 1,577+ views
    Financial Times ^ | February 14 2007 | Joe Perella
    Paris is less attractive for international financial companies than London partly because of French attitudes to business, according to a leading US investment banker. “London made it very attractive for people to come there and work there, and I think in France, quite frankly, attitudes exist that cause people to shy away from that part of the world in terms of being a financial centre,” ... Mr Perella pointed to concerns about “raids” on international companies by the French tax authorities. “There have been a lot of stories ...of raids into people’s homes and offices to seize their computers to...
  • Kremlin 'Bullying' Leaves Western Energy Companies Furious

    09/22/2006 6:04:17 PM PDT · by blam · 27 replies · 745+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 9-23-2006 | Adrian Blomfield
    Kremlin 'bullying' leaves western energy companies furious By Adrian Blomfield in Moscow (Filed: 23/09/2006) In the past few years, mention of Vladimir Putin at the dinner table of some western leaders could have brought on a case of indigestion. In the past week, though, the Russian president has been causing ulcers. Sakhalin Energy extracts oil and gas from one of the world's most inhospitable regions On Monday, Russia suspended an environmental permit for an oil and gas project led by Royal Dutch Shell on Sakhalin Island in the Pacific Ocean. The international community has watched with queasiness as democracy in...
  • Take A Holiday, Companies Tell Worried American Workaholics

    08/20/2006 7:19:26 PM PDT · by blam · 37 replies · 1,251+ views
    The Telegraph (UK) ^ | 8-21-2006 | Harry Mount
    Take a holiday, companies tell worried American workaholics By Harry Mount in New York (Filed: 21/08/2006) Americans, who are already the hardest workers in the Western world, are taking fewer holidays than they have done for almost 30 years, a survey says. In a country where most employees only get two weeks off a year plus 10 public holidays, many people are now so ambitious or so terrified of losing their jobs that they have to be forced to take their meagre allowance. According to the Conference Board, a private research group, 40 per cent of American workers are taking...
  • US Targets 7 Companies Over Iran

    08/04/2006 11:24:53 AM PDT · by blam · 2 replies · 280+ views
    The Guardian (UK) ^ | 8-4-2006 | George Gedda
    U.S. Targets 7 Companies Over Iran Friday August 4, 2006 7:01 PM By GEORGE GEDDA Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The Bush administration has imposed sanctions against seven foreign companies, including two from India and two from Russia, for business dealings with Iran involving sensitive technology, according to an announcement Friday. Also subject to sanctions were two companies from North Korea and one from Cuba. All seven were found to be in violation of the Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. The announcement in the Federal Register, which reports on official actions by the U.S. government, said the two Indian...
  • How New Graduates Can Succeed in American Companies

    06/24/2006 5:46:13 PM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 1 replies · 344+ views
    TheBizofKnowledge ^ | June 22, 2006 | Dr. Bill Belew
    Jack Welch gives advice on how the new graduate can succeed in American companies. It seems to be good advice to succeed in any company -- anywhere. His number one piece of advice: OVERDELIVER - This is very un-American -- and very un-student-like. In school, students learn to meet certain objectives -- answer certain questions within certain time parameters. In the workforce -- it's not that way anymore. To get an A+ in business, Welch says, a person -- 22 years old or 62 years old -- needs to: 1. Expand the organization's expectations of what you can do --...
  • Buying Accreditation

    06/12/2006 5:24:54 PM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 129+ views
    TheBizofKnowledge ^ | June 9, 2006 | Dr. Bill Belew
    Schools want regional accreditation. Fopros also want regional accreditation. It gives them status, recognition, and confidence with their students, who might want to take their class units and transfer them to a four-year or other institution. Fopros will go to extremes to get this accreditation. In order to get accreditation, schools must meet a number of standards - course offerings, financial stability, library facilities, and a certain quota of full-time faculty to name a few. Nowhere does it say the schools must actually be carrying out their objective of student learning - interesting, eh? There is also a waiting period,...
  • Toyota Changes What the World Drives: Prius and DiCaprio

    06/12/2006 3:29:39 PM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 5 replies · 288+ views
    RisingSunofNihon ^ | June 12, 2006 | Dr. Bill Belew
    In about 13 years Toyota has gone from a brainstorming session to creating and selling and teaching the world there is another way. 1993 - Toyota initiates the G21 project to develop a small car with better mileage that can be sold anywhere in the world. 1994 - Executive VP Akirhiro Wada insists the car needs to set a new standard for mileage and recommends a hybrid engine. 1995 - The Prius prototype debuts at the Tokyo motor show-- but will NOT start. Toyota responds by moving up the production deadline by one year. 1996 - Toyota's US division wins...
  • Chinese Customers are Treasured

    06/09/2006 1:40:23 PM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 1 replies · 133+ views
    ZhongHuaRising ^ | June 9, 2006 | Dr. Bill Belew
    The US Chamber of Commerce is on a tour of the US called China Business 2006 Initiative. The purpose of the tour is to encourage exchanges between the little guys. They want to pair up US business executives, legal experts, government officials, academics who have on-the-ground experience in China with local business owners, and community officials who might benefit from opportunities in the Chinese market. For example - China is the third largest buyer of products in Kansas! And the fifth largest buyer of Missouri exports. West Coasters are not the only ones who can do business with China. And...
  • Jack Welch on "Is China for Everyone?"

    06/06/2006 6:08:37 PM PDT · by G. Stolyarov II · 17 replies · 641+ views
    PanAsianBiz ^ | June 6, 2006 | Dr. Bill Belew
    Jack Welch gives his reasons why a company should go to China... 1. China has a vast market 2. China has low-cost manufacturing 3. China has increasingly strong technical talent. 4. Companies that 'make it' in China leap into another competitive league, leaving their competitors behind. and why a company should not... 1. China is littered with companies that went to China...just to go to China. 2. The China-or-bust mantra was invoked on them in B-school. 3. Because everyone is going.... How about your company? Should it go to China? Why? Why not? What do you think?
  • <b>USA Citizens Day - July 1st Rally to Stop Illegal Immigration</b>

    05/24/2006 2:27:38 PM PDT · by Angelina211 · 5 replies · 845+ views
    CitizenDay.net ^ | 5/23/2006 | CitizenDay
    USA Citizens Day - July 1st Immigration Control Rally Nationwide Rally on Saturday, July 1st, at noon, at your City HallMay 1st - Million of Illegal Aliens Marched in our StreetsTwelve million illegal aliens demonstrated their political power, and declared May 1st to be A Day Without Undocumented Workers ( illegal aliens ). They boycotted the USA, all US businesses and institutions. Millions of them marched in our streets, carried Mexican flags, shouted "Si se puede!", and demanded new laws from our Congress. July 1st - U.S. Citizens Nationwide Rally for Immigration ControlRally to stop our continuous invasion by...
  • Communications Assistance Law Enforcement Act, Oct 94, Dem House, Dem Senate, Pres. Clinton pass it

    05/13/2006 7:12:14 AM PDT · by TheEaglehasLanded · 36 replies · 1,325+ views
    Epic.org ^ | May 13, 2006 | Electronic Privacy Information Center
    <p>AT THE SECOND SESSION Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday, the twenty-fifth day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-four An Act To amend title 18, United States Code, to make clear a telecommunications carrier's duty to cooperate in the interception of communications for law enforcement purposes, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, TITLE I--INTERCEPTION OF DIGITAL AND OTHER COMMUNICATIONS SEC. 101. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the `Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act'. SEC. 102. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this title-- (1) The terms defined in section 2510 of title 18, United States Code, have, respectively, the meanings stated in that section. (2) The term `call-identifying information' means dialing or signaling information that identifies the origin, direction, destination, or termination of each communication generated or received by a subscriber by means of any equipment, facility, or service of a telecommunications carrier. (3) The term `Commission' means the Federal Communications Commission. (4) The term `electronic messaging services' means software-based services that enable the sharing of data, images, sound, writing, or other information among computing devices controlled by the senders or recipients of the messages. (5) The term `government' means the government of the United States and any agency or instrumentality thereof, the District of Columbia, any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States, and any State or political subdivision thereof authorized by law to conduct electronic surveillance. (6) The term `information services'-- (A) means the offering of a capability for generating, acquiring, storing, transforming, processing, retrieving, utilizing, or making available information via telecommunications; and (B) includes-- (i) a service that permits a customer to retrieve stored information from, or file information for storage in, information storage facilities; (ii) electronic publishing; and (iii) electronic messaging services; but (C) does not include any capability for a telecommunications carrier's internal management, control, or operation of its telecommunications network. (7) The term `telecommunications support services' means a product, software, or service used by a telecommunications carrier for the internal signaling or switching functions of its telecommunications network. (8) The term `telecommunications carrier'-- (A) means a person or entity engaged in the transmission or switching of wire or electronic communications as a common carrier for hire; and (B) includes-- (i) a person or entity engaged in providing commercial mobile service (as defined in section 332(d) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 332(d))); or (ii) a person or entity engaged in providing wire or electronic communication switching or transmission service to the extent that the Commission finds that such service is a replacement for a substantial portion of the local telephone exchange service and that it is in the public interest to deem such a person or entity to be a telecommunications carrier for purposes of this title; but (C) does not include-- (i) persons or entities insofar as they are engaged in providing information services; and (ii) any class or category of telecommunications carriers that the Commission exempts by rule after consultation with the Attorney General. SEC. 103. ASSISTANCE CAPABILITY REQUIREMENTS. (a) Capability Requirements: Except as provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d) of this section and sections 108(a) and 109(b) and (d), a telecommunications carrier shall ensure that its equipment, facilities, or services that provide a customer or subscriber with the ability to originate, terminate, or direct communications are capable of-- (1) expeditiously isolating and enabling the government, pursuant to a court order or other lawful authorization, to intercept, to the exclusion of any other communications, all wire and electronic communications carried by the carrier within a service area to or from equipment, facilities, or services of a subscriber of such carrier concurrently with their transmission to or from the subscriber's equipment, facility, or service, or at such later time as may be acceptable to the government; (2) expeditiously isolating and enabling the government, pursuant to a court order or other lawful authorization, to access call-identifying information that is reasonably available to the carrier-- (A) before, during, or immediately after the transmission of a wire or electronic communication (or at such later time as may be acceptable to the government); and (B) in a manner that allows it to be associated with the communication to which it pertains, except that, with regard to information acquired solely pursuant to the authority for pen registers and trap and trace devices (as defined in section 3127 of title 18, United States Code), such call-identifying information shall not include any information that may disclose the physical location of the subscriber (except to the extent that the location may be determined from the telephone number); (3) delivering intercepted communications and call-identifying information to the government, pursuant to a court order or other lawful authorization, in a format such that they may be transmitted by means of equipment, facilities, or services procured by the government to a location other than the premises of the carrier; and (4) facilitating authorized communications interceptions and access to call-identifying information unobtrusively and with a minimum of interference with any subscriber's telecommunications service and in a manner that protects-- (A) the privacy and security of communications and call-identifying information not authorized to be intercepted; and (B) information regarding the government's interception of communications and access to call-identifying information. (b) Limitations: (1) Design of features and systems configurations: This title does not authorize any law enforcement agency or officer-- (A) to require any specific design of equipment, facilities, services, features, or system configurations to be adopted by any provider of a wire or electronic communication service, any manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, or any provider of telecommunications support services; or (B) to prohibit the adoption of any equipment, facility, service, or feature by any provider of a wire or electronic communication service, any manufacturer of telecommunications equipment, or any provider of telecommunications support services. (2) Information services; private networks and interconnection services and facilities: The requirements of subsection (a) do not apply to-- (A) information services; or (B) equipment, facilities, or services that support the transport or switching of communications for private networks or for the sole purpose of interconnecting telecommunications carriers. (3) Encryption: A telecommunications carrier shall not be responsible for decrypting, or ensuring the government's ability to decrypt, any communication encrypted by a subscriber or customer, unless the encryption was provided by the carrier and the carrier possesses the information necessary to decrypt the communication. (c) Emergency or Exigent Circumstances: In emergency or exigent circumstances (including those described in sections 2518 (7) or (11)(b) and 3125 of title 18, United States Code, and section 1805(e) of title 50 of such Code), a carrier at its discretion may comply with subsection (a)(3) by allowing monitoring at its premises if that is the only means of accomplishing the interception or access. (d) Mobile Service Assistance Requirements: A telecommunications carrier that is a provider of commercial mobile service (as defined in section 332(d) of the Communications Act of 1934) offering a feature or service that allows subscribers to redirect, hand off, or assign their wire or electronic communications to another service area or another service provider or to utilize facilities in another service area or of another service provider shall ensure that, when the carrier that had been providing assistance for the interception of wire or electronic communications or access to call-identifying information pursuant to a court order or lawful authorization no longer has access to the content of such communications or call-identifying information within the service area in which interception has been occurring as a result of the subscriber's use of such a feature or service, information is made available to the government (before, during, or immediately after the transfer of such communications) identifying the provider of a wire or electronic communication service that has acquired access to the communications. SEC. 104. NOTICES OF CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS. (a) Notices of Maximum and Actual Capacity Requirements: (1) In general: Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this title, after consulting with State and local law enforcement agencies, telecommunications carriers, providers of telecommunications support services, and manufacturers of telecommunications equipment, and after notice and comment, the Attorney General shall publish in the Federal Register and provide to appropriate telecommunications industry associations and standard-setting organizations-- (A) notice of the actual number of communication interceptions, pen registers, and trap and trace devices, representing a portion of the maximum capacity set forth under subparagraph (B), that the Attorney General estimates that government agencies authorized to conduct electronic surveillance may conduct and use simultaneously by the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment of this title; and (B) notice of the maximum capacity required to accommodate all of the communication interceptions, pen registers, and trap and trace devices that the Attorney General estimates that government agencies authorized to conduct electronic surveillance may conduct and use simultaneously after the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment of this title. (2) Basis of notices: The notices issued under paragraph (1)-- (A) may be based upon the type of equipment, type of service, number of subscribers, type or size or carrier, nature of service area, or any other measure; and (B) shall identify, to the maximum extent practicable, the capacity required at specific geographic locations. (b) Compliance With Capacity Notices: (1) Initial capacity: Within 3 years after the publication by the Attorney General of a notice of capacity requirements or within 4 years after the date of enactment of this title, whichever is longer, a telecommunications carrier shall, subject to subsection (e), ensure that its systems are capable of-- (A) accommodating simultaneously the number of interceptions, pen registers, and trap and trace devices set forth in the notice under subsection (a)(1)(A); and (B) expanding to the maximum capacity set forth in the notice under subsection (a)(1)(B). (2) Expansion to maximum capacity: After the date described in paragraph (1), a telecommunications carrier shall, subject to subsection (e), ensure that it can accommodate expeditiously any increase in the actual number of communication interceptions, pen registers, and trap and trace devices that authorized agencies may seek to conduct and use, up to the maximum capacity requirement set forth in the notice under subsection (a)(1)(B). (c) Notices of Increased Maximum Capacity Requirements: (1) Notice: The Attorney General shall periodically publish in the Federal Register, after notice and comment, notice of any necessary increases in the maximum capacity requirement set forth in the notice under subsection (a)(1)(B). (2) Compliance: Within 3 years after notice of increased maximum capacity requirements is published under paragraph (1), or within such longer time period as the Attorney General may specify, a telecommunications carrier shall, subject to subsection (e), ensure that its systems are capable of expanding to the increased maximum capacity set forth in the notice. (d) Carrier Statement: Within 180 days after the publication by the Attorney General of a notice of capacity requirements pursuant to subsection (a) or (c), a telecommunications carrier shall submit to the Attorney General a statement identifying any of its systems or services that do not have the capacity to accommodate simultaneously the number of interceptions, pen registers, and trap and trace devices set forth in the notice under such subsection. (e) Reimbursement Required for Compliance: The Attorney General shall review the statements submitted under subsection (d) and may, subject to the availability of appropriations, agree to reimburse a telecommunications carrier for costs directly associated with modifications to attain such capacity requirement that are determined to be reasonable in accordance with section 109(e). Until the Attorney General agrees to reimburse such carrier for such modification, such carrier shall be considered to be in compliance with the capacity notices under subsection (a) or (c). SEC. 105. SYSTEMS SECURITY AND INTEGRITY. A telecommunications carrier shall ensure that any interception of communications or access to call-identifying information effected within its switching premises can be activated only in accordance with a court order or other lawful authorization and with the affirmative intervention of an individual officer or employee of the carrier acting in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Commission. (a) Consultation: A telecommunications carrier shall consult, as necessary, in a timely fashion with manufacturers of its telecommunications transmission and switching equipment and its providers of telecommunications support services for the purpose of ensuring that current and planned equipment, facilities, and services comply with the capability requirements of section 103 and the capacity requirements identified by the Attorney General under section 104. (b) Cooperation: Subject to sections 104(e), 108(a), and 109 (b) and (d), a manufacturer of telecommunications transmission or switching equipment and a provider of telecommunications support services shall, on a reasonably timely basis and at a reasonable charge, make available to the telecommunications carriers using its equipment, facilities, or services such features or modifications as are necessary to permit such carriers to comply with the capability requirements of section 103 and the capacity requirements identified by the Attorney General under section 104. (a) Safe Harbor: (1) Consultation: To ensure the efficient and industry-wide implementation of the assistance capability requirements under section 103, the Attorney General, in coordination with other Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies, shall consult with appropriate associations and standard-setting organizations of the telecommunications industry, with representatives of users of telecommunications equipment, facilities, and services, and with State utility commissions. (2) Compliance under accepted standards: A telecommunications carrier shall be found to be in compliance with the assistance capability requirements under section 103, and a manufacturer of telecommunications transmission or switching equipment or a provider of telecommunications support services shall be found to be in compliance with section 106, if the carrier, manufacturer, or support service provider is in compliance with publicly available technical requirements or standards adopted by an industry association or standard-setting organization, or by the Commission under subsection (b), to meet the requirements of section 103. (3) Absence of standards: The absence of technical requirements or standards for implementing the assistance capability requirements of section 103 shall not-- (A) preclude a telecommunications carrier, manufacturer, or telecommunications support services provider from deploying a technology or service; or (B) relieve a carrier, manufacturer, or telecommunications support services provider of the obligations imposed by section 103 or 106, as applicable. (b) Commission Authority: If industry associations or standard-setting organizations fail to issue technical requirements or standards or if a Government agency or any other person believes that such requirements or standards are deficient, the agency or person may petition the Commission to establish, by rule, technical requirements or standards that-- (1) meet the assistance capability requirements of section 103 by cost-effective methods; (2) protect the privacy and security of communications not authorized to be intercepted; (3) minimize the cost of such compliance on residential ratepayers; (4) serve the policy of the United States to encourage the provision of new technologies and services to the public; and (5) provide a reasonable time and conditions for compliance with and the transition to any new standard, including defining the obligations of telecommunications carriers under section 103 during any transition period. (c) Extension of Compliance Date for Equipment, Facilities, and Services: (1) Petition: A telecommunications carrier proposing to install or deploy, or having installed or deployed, any equipment, facility, or service prior to the effective date of section 103 may petition the Commission for 1 or more extensions of the deadline for complying with the assistance capability requirements under section 103. (2) Grounds for extension: The Commission may, after consultation with the Attorney General, grant an extension under this subsection, if the Commission determines that compliance with the assistance capability requirements under section 103 is not reasonably achievable through application of technology available within the compliance period. (3) Length of extension: An extension under this subsection shall extend for no longer than the earlier of-- (A) the date determined by the Commission as necessary for the carrier to comply with the assistance capability requirements under section 103; or (B) the date that is 2 years after the date on which the extension is granted. (4) Applicability of extension: An extension under this subsection shall apply to only that part of the carrier's business on which the new equipment, facility, or service is used. SEC. 108. ENFORCEMENT ORDERS. (a) Grounds for Issuance: A court shall issue an order enforcing this title under section 2522 of title 18, United States Code, only if the court finds that-- (1) alternative technologies or capabilities or the facilities of another carrier are not reasonably available to law enforcement for implementing the interception of communications or access to call-identifying information; and (2) compliance with the requirements of this title is reasonably achievable through the application of available technology to the equipment, facility, or service at issue or would have been reasonably achievable if timely action had been taken. (b) Time for Compliance: Upon issuing an order enforcing this title, the court shall specify a reasonable time and conditions for complying with its order, considering the good faith efforts to comply in a timely manner, any effect on the carrier's, manufacturer's, or service provider's ability to continue to do business, the degree of culpability or delay in undertaking efforts to comply, and such other matters as justice may require. (c) Limitations: An order enforcing this title may not-- (1) require a telecommunications carrier to meet the Government's demand for interception of communications and acquisition of call-identifying information to any extent in excess of the capacity for which the Attorney General has agreed to reimburse such carrier; (2) require any telecommunications carrier to comply with assistance capability requirement of section 103 if the Commission has determined (pursuant to section 109(b)(1)) that compliance is not reasonably achievable, unless the Attorney General has agreed (pursuant to section 109(b)(2)) to pay the costs described in section 109(b)(2)(A); or (3) require a telecommunications carrier to modify, for the purpose of complying with the assistance capability requirements of section 103, any equipment, facility, or service deployed on or before January 1, 1995, unless-- (A) the Attorney General has agreed to pay the telecommunications carrier for all reasonable costs directly associated with modifications necessary to bring the equipment, facility, or service into compliance with those requirements; or (B) the equipment, facility, or service has been replaced or significantly upgraded or otherwise undergoes major modification. (a) Equipment, Facilities, and Services Deployed on or Before January 1, 1995: The Attorney General may, subject to the availability of appropriations, agree to pay telecommunications carriers for all reasonable costs directly associated with the modifications performed by carriers in connection with equipment, facilities, and services installed or deployed on or before January 1, 1995, to establish the capabilities necessary to comply with section 103. (b) Equipment, Facilities, and Services Deployed After January 1, 1995: (1) Determinations of reasonably achievable: The Commission, on petition from a telecommunications carrier or any other interested person, and after notice to the Attorney General, shall determine whether compliance with the assistance capability requirements of section 103 is reasonably achievable with respect to any equipment, facility, or service installed or deployed after January 1, 1995. The Commission shall make such determination within 1 year after the date such petition is filed. In making such determination, the Commission shall determine whether compliance would impose significant difficulty or expense on the carrier or on the users of the carrier's systems and shall consider the following factors: (A) The effect on public safety and national security. (B) The effect on rates for basic residential telephone service. (C) The need to protect the privacy and security of communications not authorized to be intercepted. (D) The need to achieve the capability assistance requirements of section 103 by cost-effective methods. (E) The effect on the nature and cost of the equipment, facility, or service at issue. (F) The effect on the operation of the equipment, facility, or service at issue. (G) The policy of the United States to encourage the provision of new technologies and services to the public. (H) The financial resources of the telecommunications carrier. (I) The effect on competition in the provision of telecommunications services. (J) The extent to which the design and development of the equipment, facility, or service was initiated before January 1, 1995. (K) Such other factors as the Commission determines are appropriate. (2) Compensation: If compliance with the assistance capability requirements of section 103 is not reasonably achievable with respect to equipment, facilities, or services deployed after January 1, 1995-- (A) the Attorney General, on application of a telecommunications carrier, may agree, subject to the availability of appropriations, to pay the telecommunications carrier for the additional reasonable costs of making compliance with such assistance capability requirements reasonably achievable; and (B) if the Attorney General does not agree to pay such costs, the telecommunications carrier shall be deemed to be in compliance with such capability requirements. (c) Allocation of Funds for Payment: The Attorney General shall allocate funds appropriated to carry out this title in accordance with law enforcement priorities determined by the Attorney General. (d) Failure To Make Payment With Respect To Equipment, Facilities, and Services Deployed on or Before January 1, 1995: If a carrier has requested payment in accordance with procedures promulgated pursuant to subsection (e), and the Attorney General has not agreed to pay the telecommunications carrier for all reasonable costs directly associated with modifications necessary to bring any equipment, facility, or service deployed on or before January 1, 1995, into compliance with the assistance capability requirements of section 103, such equipment, facility, or service shall be considered to be in compliance with the assistance capability requirements of section 103 until the equipment, facility, or service is replaced or significantly upgraded or otherwise undergoes major modification. (e) Cost Control Regulations: (1) In general: The Attorney General shall, after notice and comment, establish regulations necessary to effectuate timely and cost-efficient payment to telecommunications carriers under this title, under chapters 119 and 121 of title 18, United States Code, and under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.). (2) Contents of regulations: The Attorney General, after consultation with the Commission, shall prescribe regulations for purposes of determining reasonable costs under this title. Such regulations shall seek to minimize the cost to the Federal Government and shall-- (A) permit recovery from the Federal Government of-- (i) the direct costs of developing the modifications described in subsection (a), of providing the capabilities requested under subsection (b)(2), or of providing the capacities requested under section 104(e), but only to the extent that such costs have not been recovered from any other governmental or nongovernmental entity; (ii) the costs of training personnel in the use of such capabilities or capacities; and (iii) the direct costs of deploying or installing such capabilities or capacities; (B) in the case of any modification that may be used for any purpose other than lawfully authorized electronic surveillance by a law enforcement agency of a government, permit recovery of only the incremental cost of making the modification suitable for such law enforcement purposes; and (C) maintain the confidentiality of trade secrets. (3) Submission of claims: Such regulations shall require any telecommunications carrier that the Attorney General has agreed to pay for modifications pursuant to this section and that has installed or deployed such modification to submit to the Attorney General a claim for payment that contains or is accompanied by such information as the Attorney General may require. SEC. 110. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title a total of $500,000,000 for fiscal years 1995, 1996, 1997, and 1998. Such sums are authorized to remain available until expended. SEC. 111. EFFECTIVE DATE. (a) In General: Except as provided in subsection (b), this title shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act. (b) Assistance Capability and Systems Security and Integrity Requirements: Sections 103 and 105 of this title shall take effect on the date that is 4 years after the date of enactment of this Act. SEC. 112. REPORTS. (a) Reports by the Attorney General: (1) In general: On or before November 30, 1995, and on or before November 30 of each year thereafter, the Attorney General shall submit to Congress and make available to the public a report on the amounts paid during the preceding fiscal year to telecommunications carriers under sections 104(e) and 109. (2) Contents: A report under paragraph (1) shall include-- (A) a detailed accounting of the amounts paid to each carrier and the equipment, facility, or service for which the amounts were paid; and (B) projections of the amounts expected to be paid in the current fiscal year, the carriers to which payment is expected to be made, and the equipment, facilities, or services for which payment is expected to be made. (b) Reports by the Comptroller General: (1) Payments for modifications: On or before April 1, 1996, and every 2 years thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United States, after consultation with the Attorney General and the telecommunications industry, shall submit to the Congress a report-- (A) describing the type of equipment, facilities, and services that have been brought into compliance under this title; and (B) reflecting its analysis of the reasonableness and cost-effectiveness of the payments made by the Attorney General to telecommunications carriers for modifications necessary to ensure compliance with this title. (2) Compliance cost estimates: A report under paragraph (1) shall include the findings and conclusions of the Comptroller General on the costs to be incurred by telecommunications carriers to comply with the assistance capability requirements of section 103 after the effective date of such section 103, including projections of the amounts expected to be incurred and a description of the equipment, facilities, or services for which they are expected to be incurred. TITLE II--AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE (a) Court Orders Under Chapter 119: Chapter 119 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2521 the following new section: -`Sec. 2522. Enforcement of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act `(a) Enforcement by Court Issuing Surveillance Order: If a court authorizing an interception under this chapter, a State statute, or the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) or authorizing use of a pen register or a trap and trace device under chapter 206 or a State statute finds that a telecommunications carrier has failed to comply with the requirements of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, the court may, in accordance with section 108 of such Act, direct that the carrier comply forthwith and may direct that a provider of support services to the carrier or the manufacturer of the carrier's transmission or switching equipment furnish forthwith modifications necessary for the carrier to comply. `(b) Enforcement Upon Application by Attorney General: The Attorney General may, in a civil action in the appropriate United States district court, obtain an order, in accordance with section 108 of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, directing that a telecommunications carrier, a manufacturer of telecommunications transmission or switching equipment, or a provider of telecommunications support services comply with such Act. `(c) Civil Penalty: `(1) In general: A court issuing an order under this section against a telecommunications carrier, a manufacturer of telecommunications transmission or switching equipment, or a provider of telecommunications support services may impose a civil penalty of up to $10,000 per day for each day in violation after the issuance of the order or after such future date as the court may specify. `(2) Considerations: In determining whether to impose a civil penalty and in determining its amount, the court shall take into account-- `(A) the nature, circumstances, and extent of the violation; `(B) the violator's ability to pay, the violator's good faith efforts to comply in a timely manner, any effect on the violator's ability to continue to do business, the degree of culpability, and the length of any delay in undertaking efforts to comply; and `(C) such other matters as justice may require. `(d) Definitions: As used in this section, the terms defined in section 102 of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act have the meanings provided, respectively, in such section.'. (b) Conforming Amendments: (1) Section 2518(4) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: `Pursuant to section 2522 of this chapter, an order may also be issued to enforce the assistance capability and capacity requirements under the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act.'. (2) Section 3124 of such title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: `(f) Communications Assistance Enforcement Orders: Pursuant to section 2522, an order may be issued to enforce the assistance capability and capacity requirements under the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act.'. (3) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 119 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item pertaining to section 2521 the following new item: `2522. Enforcement of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act.'. SEC. 202. CORDLESS TELEPHONES. (a) Definitions: Section 2510 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in paragraph (1), by striking `, but such term does not include' and all that follows through `base unit'; and (2) in paragraph (12), by striking subparagraph (A) and redesignating subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D) as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively. (b) Penalty: Section 2511 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in subsection (4)(b)(i) by inserting `a cordless telephone communication that is transmitted between the cordless telephone handset and the base unit,' after `cellular telephone communication,'; and (2) in subsection (4)(b)(ii) by inserting `a cordless telephone communication that is transmitted between the cordless telephone handset and the base unit,' after `cellular telephone communication,'. SEC. 203. RADIO-BASED DATA COMMUNICATIONS. Section 2510(16) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by striking `or' at the end of subparagraph (D); (2) by inserting `or' at the end of subparagraph (E); and (3) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new subparagraph: `(F) an electronic communication;'. Section 2511(4)(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `or encrypted, then' and inserting `, encrypted, or transmitted using modulation techniques the essential parameters of which have been withheld from the public with the intention of preserving the privacy of such communication, then'. SEC. 205. TECHNICAL CORRECTION. Section 2511(2)(a)(i) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `used in the transmission of a wire communication' and inserting `used in the transmission of a wire or electronic communication'. (a) Offense: Section 1029(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by striking `or' at the end of paragraph (3); and (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraphs: `(5) knowingly and with intent to defraud uses, produces, traffics in, has control or custody of, or possesses a telecommunications instrument that has been modified or altered to obtain unauthorized use of telecommunications services; or `(6) knowingly and with intent to defraud uses, produces, traffics in, has control or custody of, or possesses-- `(A) a scanning receiver; or `(B) hardware or software used for altering or modifying telecommunications instruments to obtain unauthorized access to telecommunications services,'. (b) Penalty: Section 1029(c)(2) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking `(a)(1) or (a)(4)' and inserting `(a) (1), (4), (5), or (6)'. (c) Definitions: Section 1029(e) of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in paragraph (1) by inserting `electronic serial number, mobile identification number, personal identification number, or other telecommunications service, equipment, or instrument identifier,' after `account number,'; (2) by striking `and' at the end of paragraph (5); (3) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (6) and inserting `; and'; and (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph: `(7) the term `scanning receiver' means a device or apparatus that can be used to intercept a wire or electronic communication in violation of chapter 119.'. SEC. 207. TRANSACTIONAL DATA. (a) Disclosure of Records: Section 2703 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in subsection (c)(1)-- (A) in subparagraph (B)-- (i) by striking clause (i); and (ii) by redesignating clauses (ii), (iii), and (iv) as clauses (i), (ii), and (iii), respectively; and (B) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph: `(C) A provider of electronic communication service or remote computing service shall disclose to a governmental entity the name, address, telephone toll billing records, telephone number or other subscriber number or identity, and length of service of a subscriber to or customer of such service and the types of services the subscriber or customer utilized, when the governmental entity uses an administrative subpoena authorized by a Federal or State statute or a Federal or State grand jury or trial subpoena or any means available under subparagraph (B).'; and (2) by amending the first sentence of subsection (d) to read as follows: `A court order for disclosure under subsection (b) or (c) may be issued by any court that is a court of competent jurisdiction described in section 3126(2)(A) and shall issue only if the governmental entity offers specific and articulable facts showing that there are reasonable grounds to believe that the contents of a wire or electronic communication, or the records or other information sought, are relevant and material to an ongoing criminal investigation.'. (b) Pen Registers and Trap and Trace Devices: Section 3121 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new subsection: `(c) Limitation: A government agency authorized to install and use a pen register under this chapter or under State law shall use technology reasonably available to it that restricts the recording or decoding of electronic or other impulses to the dialing and signaling information utilized in call processing.'. Section 2516(1) of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting `or acting Deputy Assistant Attorney General' after `Deputy Assistant Attorney General'. TITLE III--AMENDMENTS TO THE COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934 SEC. 301. COMPLIANCE COST RECOVERY. Title II of the Communications Act of 1934 is amended by inserting after section 228 (47 U.S.C. 228) the following new section: `SEC. 229. COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT COMPLIANCE. `(a) In General: The Commission shall prescribe such rules as are necessary to implement the requirements of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act. `(b) Systems Security and Integrity: The rules prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall include rules to implement section 105 of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act that require common carriers-- `(1) to establish appropriate policies and procedures for the supervision and control of its officers and employees-- `(A) to require appropriate authorization to activate interception of communications or access to call-identifying information; and `(B) to prevent any such interception or access without such authorization; `(2) to maintain secure and accurate records of any interception or access with or without such authorization; and `(3) to submit to the Commission the policies and procedures adopted to comply with the requirements established under paragraphs (1) and (2). `(c) Commission Review of Compliance: The Commission shall review the policies and procedures submitted under subsection (b)(3) and shall order a common carrier to modify any such policy or procedure that the Commission determines does not comply with Commission regulations. The Commission shall conduct such investigations as may be necessary to insure compliance by common carriers with the requirements of the regulations prescribed under this section. `(d) Penalties: For purposes of this Act, a violation by an officer or employee of any policy or procedure adopted by a common carrier pursuant to subsection (b), or of a rule prescribed by the Commission pursuant to subsection (a), shall be considered to be a violation by the carrier of a rule prescribed by the Commission pursuant to this Act. `(e) Cost Recovery for Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act Compliance: `(1) Petitions authorized: A common carrier may petition the Commission to adjust charges, practices, classifications, and regulations to recover costs expended for making modifications to equipment, facilities, or services pursuant to the requirements of section 103 of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act. `(2) Commission authority: The Commission may grant, with or without modification, a petition under paragraph (1) if the Commission determines that such costs are reasonable and that permitting recovery is consistent with the public interest. The Commission may, consistent with maintaining just and reasonable charges, practices, classifications, and regulations in connection with the provision of interstate or foreign communication by wire or radio by a common carrier, allow carriers to adjust such charges, practices, classifications, and regulations in order to carry out the purposes of this Act. `(3) Joint board: The Commission shall convene a Federal-State joint board to recommend appropriate changes to part 36 of the Commission's rules with respect to recovery of costs pursuant to charges, practices, classifications, and regulations under the jurisdiction of the Commission.'. The schedule of application fees in section 8(g) of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 158(g)) is amended by inserting under item 1 of the matter pertaining to common carrier services the following additional subitem: `d. Proceeding under section 109(b) of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act5,000'. SEC. 303. CLERICAL AND TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS. (a) Amendments to the Communications Act of 1934: The Communications Act of 1934 is amended-- (1) in section 4(f)(3), by striking `overtime exceeds beyond' and inserting `overtime extends beyond'; (2) in section 5, by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e); (3) in section 8(d)(2), by striking `payment of a' and inserting `payment of an'; (4) in the schedule contained in section 8(g), in item 7.f. under the heading `equipment approval services/experimental radio' by striking `Additional Charge' and inserting `Additional Application Fee'; (5) in section 9(f)(1), by inserting before the second sentence the following: `(2) Installment payments: '; (6) in the schedule contained in section 9(g), in the item pertaining to interactive video data services under the private radio bureau, insert `95' after `47 C.F.R. Part'; (7) in section 220(a)-- (A) by inserting `(1)' after `(a)'; and (B) by adding at the end the following new paragraph: `(2) The Commission shall, by rule, prescribe a uniform system of accounts for use by telephone companies. Such uniform system shall require that each common carrier shall maintain a system of accounting methods, procedures, and techniques (including accounts and supporting records and memoranda) which shall ensure a proper allocation of all costs to and among telecommunications services, facilities, and products (and to and among classes of such services, facilities, and products) which are developed, manufactured, or offered by such common carrier.'; (8) in section 220(b), by striking `clasess' and inserting `classes'; (9) in section 223(b)(3), by striking `defendant restrict access' and inserting `defendant restricted access'; (10) in section 226(d), by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively; (11) in section 227(b)(2)(C), by striking `paragraphs' and inserting `paragraph'; (12) in section 227(e)(2), by striking `national datebase' and inserting `national database'; (13) in section 228(c), by redesignating the second paragraph (2) and paragraphs (3) through (6) as paragraphs (3) through (7), respectively; (14) in section 228(c)(6)(D), by striking `conservation' and inserting `conversation'; (15) in section 308(c), by striking `May 24, 1921' and inserting `May 27, 1921'; (16) in section 309(c)(2)(F), by striking `section 325(b)' and inserting `section 325(c)'; (17) in section 309(i)(4)(A), by striking `Communications Technical Amendments Act of 1982' and inserting `Communications Amendments Act of 1982'; (18) in section 331, by amending the heading of such section to read as follows: `VERY HIGH FREQUENCY STATIONS AND AM RADIO STATIONS'; (19) in section 358, by striking `(a)'; (20) in part III of title III-- (A) by inserting before section 381 the following heading: `VESSELS TRANSPORTING MORE THAN SIX PASSENGERS FOR HIRE REQUIRED TO BE EQUIPPED WITH RADIO TELEPHONE'; (B) by inserting before section 382 the following heading: `VESSELS EXCEPTED FROM RADIO TELEPHONE REQUIREMENT'; (C) by inserting before section 383 the following heading: `EXEMPTIONS BY COMMISSION'; (D) by inserting before section 384 the following heading: `AUTHORITY OF COMMISSION; OPERATIONS, INSTALLATIONS, AND ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT'; (E) by inserting before section 385 the following heading: `INSPECTIONS'; AND (F) by inserting before section 386 the following heading: `FORFEITURES'; (21) in section 410(c), by striking `, as referred to in sections 202(b) and 205(f) of the Interstate Commerce Act,'; (22) in section 613(b)(2), by inserting a comma after `pole' and after `line'; (23) in section 624(d)(2)(A), by inserting `of' after `viewing'; (24) in section 634(h)(1), by striking `section 602(6)(A)' and inserting `section 602(7)(A)'; (25) in section 705(d)(6), by striking `subsection (d)' and inserting `subsection (e)'; (26) in section 705(e)(3)(A), by striking `paragraph (4) of subsection (d)' and inserting `paragraph (4) of this subsection'; (27) in section 705, by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) (as added by Public Law 100-667) as subsections (g) and (h); and (28) in section 705(h) (as so redesignated), by striking `subsection (f)' and inserting `subsection (g)'. (b) Amendments to the Communications Satellite Act of 1962: The Communications Satellite Act of 1962 is amended-- (1) in section 303(a)-- (A) by striking `section 27(d)' and inserting `section 327(d)'; (B) by striking `sec. 29-911(d)' and inserting `sec. 29-327(d)'; (C) by striking `section 36' and inserting `section 336'; and (D) by striking `sec. 29-916d' and inserting `section 29-336(d)'; (2) in section 304(d), by striking `paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) of section 310(a)' and inserting `subsection (a) and paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (b) of section 310'; and (3) in section 304(e)-- (A) by striking `section 45(b)' and inserting `section 345(b)'; and (B) by striking `sec. 29-920(b)' and inserting `sec. 29-345(b)'; and (4) in sections 502(b) and 503(a)(1), by striking `the Communications Satellite Corporation' and inserting `the communications satellite corporation established pursuant to title III of this Act'. (c) Amendment to the Children's Television Act of 1990: Section 103(a) of the Children's Television Act of 1990 (47 U.S.C. 303b(a)) is amended by striking `noncommerical' and inserting `noncommercial'. (d) Amendments to the Telecommunications Authorization Act of 1992: Section 205(1) of the Telecommunications Authorization Act of 1992 is amended-- (1) by inserting an open parenthesis before `other than'; and (2) by inserting a comma after `stations)'. (e) Conforming Amendment: Section 1253 of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981 is repealed. (f) Stylistic Consistency: The Communications Act of 1934 and the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 are amended so that the section designation and section heading of each section of such Acts shall be in the form and typeface of the section designation and heading of this section. (a) Amendments to the Communications Act of 1934: The Communications Act of 1934 is amended-- (1) in section 7(b), by striking `or twelve months after the date of the enactment of this section, if later' both places it appears; (2) in section 212, by striking `After sixty days from the enactment of this Act it shall' and inserting `It shall'; (3) in section 213, by striking subsection (g) and redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (g); (4) in section 214, by striking `section 221 or 222' and inserting `section 221'; (5) in section 220(b), by striking `, as soon as practicable,'; (6) by striking section 222; (7) in section 224(b)(2), by striking `Within 180 days from the date of enactment of this section the Commission' and inserting `The Commission'; (8) in 226(e), by striking `within 9 months after the date of enactment of this section,'; (9) in section 309(i)(4)(A), by striking `The commission, not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the Communications Technical Amendments Act of 1982, shall,' and inserting `The Commission shall,'; (10) by striking section 328; (11) in section 413, by striking `, within sixty days after the taking effect of this Act,'; (12) in section 624(d)(2)(B)-- (A) by striking out `(A)'; (B) by inserting `of' after `restrict the viewing'; and (C) by striking subparagraph (B); (13) by striking sections 702 and 703; (14) in section 704-- (A) by striking subsections (b) and (d); and (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b); (15) in section 705(g) (as redesignated by section 304(25)), by striking `within 6 months after the date of enactment of the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1988, the Federal Communications Commission' and inserting `The Commission'; (16) in section 710(f)-- (A) by striking the first and second sentences; and (B) in the third sentence, by striking `Thereafter, the Commission' and inserting `The Commission'; (17) in section 712(a), by striking `, within 120 days after the effective date of the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1988,'; and (18) by striking section 713. (b) Amendments to the Communications Satellite Act of 1962: The Communications Satellite Act of 1962 is amended-- (1) in section 201(a)(1), by striking `as expeditiously as possible,'; (2) by striking sections 301 and 302 and inserting the following: `SEC. 301. CREATION OF CORPORATION. `There is authorized to be created a communications satellite corporation for profit which will not be an agency or establishment of the United States Government. `SEC. 302. APPLICABLE LAWS. `The corporation shall be subject to the provisions of this Act and, to the extent consistent with this Act, to the District of Columbia Business Corporation Act. The right to repeal, alter, or amend this Act at any time is expressly reserved.'; (3) in section 304(a), by striking `at a price not in excess of $100 for each share and'; (4) in section 404-- (A) by striking subsections (a) and (c); and (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as section 404; (5) in section 503-- (A) by striking paragraph (2) of subsection (a); and (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) of subsection (a) as paragraph (2) of such subsection; (C) by striking subsection (b); (D) in subsection (g)-- (i) by striking `subsection (c)(3)' and inserting `subsection (b)(3)'; and (ii) by striking the last sentence; and (E) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as subsections (b) through (g), respectively; (5) by striking sections 505, 506, and 507; and (6) by redesignating section 508 as section 505.</p>
  • Pa. Is Losing Doctors And Insurance Companies Have A $6 Billion Surplus

    04/22/2006 6:37:16 AM PDT · by Tribune7 · 79 replies · 1,567+ views
    County Press ^ | By John Williamson
    First, lets describe the health care problems we have in Pennsylvania. Perhaps the most alarming fact is that Pennsylvania is losing 1,500 doctors each year due to the skyrocketing cost of malpractice insurance premiums. One local family doctor, who had never been sued, related how his premium went from $75,000 per year to $150,000 per year in one jump. His premium would be $12,000 if his practice were in Virginia. The next issue is the closure of hospitals. In the 166th District, our only hospital - Mercy Haverford - closed its doors in 2002, and has not reopened.
  • Forbes Global 2000 The World's Largest Public Companies

    04/02/2006 6:46:20 AM PDT · by Jordi · 9 replies · 1,418+ views
    Forbes ^ | 03.31.06, 6:00 AM ET | Scott DeCarlo
    New York - The Forbes 2000 is not only a comprehensive list of the world's largest, and most powerful, public companies. It is also unique in its way of measuring corporate size. Our logic for using sales, profits, assets and market value in a composite ranking: a list based on a single metric provides a lopsided view of which companies are most important to the world's economy.
  • Many companies plan more outsourcing (89% of US and British Companies Plan to do so )

    03/06/2006 9:34:12 AM PST · by SirLinksalot · 5 replies · 293+ views
    Many companies plan more outsourcing BOSTON, March 4 (UPI) -- Eighty-nine percent of U.S., British and Asian corporate technology decision makers plan to increase their outsourcing budget over the next 12 months. A survey conducted at the Patni Computer Systems annual conference PatniConnect, found that 39 percent said they expect to increase outsourcing spending by up to 20 percent over current spending, while 11 percent plan a 50 percent or more increase. Pricing is not the most important factor in selecting an outsourcing partner, the survey found. Twenty-four percent said cultural fit is the top factor for incorporating outsourcing strategies,...
  • Justices turn away tobacco companies' appeal about ads

    02/21/2006 12:28:39 PM PST · by freepatriot32 · 21 replies · 601+ views
    WASHINGTON — The Supreme Court today refused to hear an appeal by two North Carolina-based tobacco companies who claimed California's tough anti-smoking ads smeared their reputations. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co., now Winston-Salem, N.C.-based Reynolds American Inc., and Lorillard Tobacco Co. of Greensboro, N.C., had asked the justices to overturn a 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decision that rejected the companies' claims that their First Amendment rights were violated by California's ad campaign. California uses part of an 87-cent tax on every package of cigarettes to fund health education that includes a campaign to discourage smoking. The ads included a...
  • Prosecutor subpoenas Cunningham-related companies in Texas case

    12/13/2005 4:40:55 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 4 replies · 528+ views
    ap on San Diego Union Tribune ^ | 12/13/05 | Suzanne Gamboa - ap
    WASHINGTON – A Texas prosecutor has issued subpoenas for bank records of a defense contractor involved in the bribery case of former Rep. Randy "Duke" Cunningham as part of the investigation of former House Majority Leader Tom DeLay. District Attorney Ronnie Earle issued subpoenas last Thursday for California businessmen Brent Wilkes and Max Gelwix, records of Perfect Wave Technologies, Wilkes Corp. and ADCS Inc. in connection with a contribution to a fundraising committee at the center of the investigation that led to DeLay's indictment on money laundering charges. Perfect Wave contributed $15,000 in September 2002 to Texans for a Republican...
  • Companies That Support Conservative Causes & the Products They Make

    08/27/2005 2:43:21 PM PDT · by TimeLord · 40 replies · 1,669+ views
    based on an article in The Boston Phoenix | Aug. 27, 2005 | TimeLord
    For all my conservative friends: Anyone who has ever lived in the Boston area is probably familiar with the Boston Phoenix, a far-left newspaper. Its Aug. 26, 2005, issue had an article decrying the fact that some companies give to conservative causes (pp. 18-19). It then listed the companies & their products, warning their readers not to buy these products. I’m using their article for the exact opposite purpose – to get people to buy from these companies. The owners/founders/CEOs of these companies contribute large sums to support conservative causes and candidates. Products made by these companies are: AdvantEdge Ensure...
  • Syngenta, other ag companies sued for RICO violations (Boise, Idaho)

    07/27/2005 7:03:35 PM PDT · by NormsRevenge · 10 replies · 668+ views
    BOISE, Idaho (AP) - Four major agricultural companies and a nonprofit organization were sued in federal court Wednesday by Canyon County commissioners, accused of conspiring to hire and harbor illegal immigrants. The lawsuit in U.S. District Court contends the four companies - Modesto, Calif.-based Harris Moran Seed Co., Syngenta Seeds, Sorrento Lactalis and Swift Beef Co. - and the nonprofit Idaho Migrant Council have violated the federal Racketeering influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, which was designed to target the mafia. Canyon County in southwestern Idaho alleges it's been damaged by an "illegal immigrant hiring scheme," paying millions of dollars for...
  • American companies find manners still matter

    06/28/2005 12:16:13 PM PDT · by phoenix_004 · 59 replies · 1,381+ views
    AP ^ | Jun 28, 2005 | Ellen Wulfhorst
    Business etiquette coach Barbara Pachter likes to tell the story of a financial executive who, dining with a potential client, licked his knife clean at the end of the meal. "It was a $30 million dollar lick," she said at a recent etiquette seminar in Goshen, New York, referring to the value of the deal the executive lost by offending the potential customer. Businesses are turning to etiquette training to boost their bottom line, according to the coaches who train employees on everything from shaking hands to buttering bread. Simply put, better-behaved employees are more valuable than brutish oafs, they...
  • The Productive Vs, The Unproductive - (take THIS, you bleeding heart liberals!)

    04/29/2005 6:12:55 PM PDT · by CHARLITE · 1 replies · 630+ views
    REDSTATE.ORG ^ | APRIL 27, 2005 | WALTER WILLIAMS
    "The Greatest Century That Ever Was: 25 Miraculous Trends of the Past 100 Years" is the appropriate title of a 1999 article authored by Stephen Moore and the late Julian L. Simon and published by the Washington-based Cato Institute. Let's highlight some of the phenomenal progress Americans made during the 20th century. During that century, life expectancy rose from 47 to 77 years of age. Deaths from infectious diseases fell from 700 to 50 per 100,000 of the population. Major killer diseases such as tuberculosis, polio, typhoid fever and whooping cough were virtually eliminated. Infant mortality plummeted. The 20th century...