Keyword: constantinople

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  • Justinian 30, Factionists 10: The Nika Rebellion of AD 531 [Superbowl Warm-up]

    02/02/2008 2:43:02 PM PST · by Antoninus · 19 replies · 2,463+ views
    Catholic Men's Quarterly ^ | 2-2-08 | Paolo Belzoni
    It’s a safe bet that most of you reading these words have been to a professional football game. Many of you—particularly those who live in Philadelphia—have probably witnessed the occasional brawls between the home crowd and those foolish enough to wear an opposing team’s colors. A few of you, I dare say, have been involved in such altercations. But how often have you witnessed football fans actually kill opposition partisans? Well, perhaps I should qualify that by saying American football fans. When was the last time you heard of agitated sports nuts rioting in the streets and burning down half...
  • Wonder of the World, Hagia Sophia Church, Might Become Mosque

    03/22/2014 5:58:49 PM PDT · by newberger · 23 replies
    Finnbay.com ^ | Mar 17, 2014
    The Christian world is alarmed over the possibility ventilated in local media that Turkish Islamic Premier Recep Tayyip Erdogan could convert Istanbul’s Hagia Sophia basilica, a symbol of Orthodox Christianity that is currently a museum, into a mosque in the coming months. Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I reiterated his firm opposition to such a plan, Radikal newspaper and other media reported. ”We will oppose this, as will all Christians be they Orthodox, Catholic or Protestant”, he said at meeting with scholars on the eve of the Sinaxis, a summit of Orthodox churches kicking off Istanbul on Thursday. ”The Hagia Sophia basilica...
  • Statue of Christ Installed on Top of Mountain in Syria

    10/18/2013 5:53:12 AM PDT · by marshmallow · 11 replies
    Interfax ^ | 10/17/13
    Moscow, October 17, Interfax - A sculpture ensemble depicting Jesus Christ called 'I have come to save the world' has been erected on top of a 2,000-meter high mountain in Syria. The statue has been placed on a historic pilgrim route from Constantinople to Jerusalem, at the Cherubim Monastery in the community of Saidnaya at an altitude of 2,100 meters above sea level, the Moscow Spiritual Academy, which supported this peacekeeping project, said in a statement. "The ensemble with the blessing Christ in its center, seen from Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, is designed to bring peace, mutual understanding, and...
  • Persistent rumours suggest Hagia Sophia will be turned into a mosque

    09/03/2013 1:14:11 AM PDT · by markomalley · 17 replies
    Asia News ^ | 8/30/2013
    Increasingly, rumours are circulating about the future transformation of the Cathedral of Saint Sophia into a mosque. This is worrisome because two other temples, also dedicated to Saint Sophia, were recently transformed from museums into mosques. The two churches in question are Hagia Sophia in Nicaea (Iznik), where the first ecumenical council was held, and Hagia Sophia in Trebizond (Trabzon). For the record, with the fall of Constantinople (1453), all of the city's churches were converted into mosques, but with the advent of the Turkish Republic in 1923, the most important monuments were turned into museums.Skylife, the free magazine handed...
  • Work completed on historic sunken Yenikapı ships in Istanbul

    09/01/2013 7:42:47 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 9 replies
    Hurriyet Daily News ^ | August 26, 2013 | Anadolu Agency
    The movement of 37 sunken vessels... unearthed during excavations carried out as part of the Istanbul Marmaray and metro projects, has finally been concluded. The head of Istanbul University’s Department of Marine Archaeology and the Yenikapı Sunken Ships Project, Associate Professor Ufuk Kocabaş, said works had continued for eight years. He added that the structures and tens of thousands of archaeological artifacts found in Theodosis Port, one of the most important ports in the city in the Middle Ages, represented the largest Middle Ages boat collection in the world. Kocabaş said scientific works were still ongoing on the sunken ships...
  • Intact 5th century merchant ship found in Istanbul

    09/03/2011 12:13:20 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 22 replies · 1+ views
    Past Horizons ^ | Tuesday, August 30, 2011
    The excavations started in 2004 at the construction site and reached back 8,500 years into the history of Istanbul. Skeletons, the remains of an early chapel and even footprints, in addition to 35 shipwrecks, have been uncovered by archaeologists so far. The ship was loaded with pickled fry (a type of small fish) and almonds, walnuts, hazels, muskmelon seeds, olives, peaches and pine cones The 15 to 16-metre-long, six-metre-wide shipwreck loaded with dozens of amphorae found last May brings new historical data to life. The amphorae differ from previous finds. It is assumed that the ship was completely buried in...
  • Stone Age skeletons uncovered during tube tunnel excavations

    08/11/2008 3:01:40 PM PDT · by decimon · 16 replies · 84+ views
    Turkish Daily News ^ | August 11, 2008 | Mustafa Kınalı
    Human skeletons, which experts say could be more than 8,000 years old, were found in four prehistoric graves recently unearthed at the Marmaray tunnel excavation site in the Yenikapı district of Istanbul. These graves reveal Istanbul used to be home to some of the earliest types of settlements during the Stone Age when people migrated from Anatolia to the European continent,� said Mehmet Özdoğan, professor of prehistory at Istanbul University. �They also show that the Marmara Sea used to be a small and shallow water in ancient times. Özdoğan said the graves, two of which were smaller than the others,...
  • Nautical Archaeology Takes A Leap Forward

    12/31/2007 7:53:57 AM PST · by blam · 10 replies · 163+ views
    Times Online ^ | 12-31-2007 | Institute Of Nautical Archaeology
    Nautical archaeology takes a leap forward For centuries the harbour of Ancient Constantinople, modern Istanbul, was the inlet of the Golden Horn, running north between the peninsula on which the city’s core stands and the commercial and foreign quarter of Galata and Pera to the east. A boom across the inlet protected the city from attack, although the Ottoman troops of Mehmet II stormed across the Golden Horn in 1453 to end the Byzantine Empire. A second, mainly commercial, harbour, in use from the 5th-10th centuries AD, has been found on the south shore of the peninsula, on the Sea...
  • DIGGING TO BYZANTIUM: Turkish Tunnel Project Unearths an Ancient Harbor

    05/10/2006 9:17:53 AM PDT · by a_Turk · 32 replies · 984+ views
    Der Spiegel ^ | 5/10/2006 | N/A
    Workers digging a railway tunnel under the Bosporus Strait have uncovered the remains of a major Byzantine harbor that archaeologists say is a trove of relics dating back to Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. The deepest underwater rail tunnel in the world will link Istanbul's Asian and European halves and ease bridge traffic across the Bosporus Strait. It may also be delayed by excited archaeologists. The tunnel, when it's finished, will end in a shining new railway station, the largest in Turkey -- a train and subway link surrounded by a 21st-century shopping center. Modern Turkish planners, though, weren't the...
  • Treasure (Archaeology) Dig Threatens Bosphorus Rail Link

    05/02/2006 11:44:06 AM PDT · by blam · 13 replies · 1,254+ views
    BBC ^ | 5-2-2006 | Sarah Rainsford
    Treasure dig threatens Bosphorus rail link By Sarah Rainsford BBC News, Istanbul The port has been uncovered at the site designated for a railway hub It's been called the project of the century: a mission to connect two continents with a $2.6bn rail-tunnel running deep beneath the Bosphorus Straits. The idea of linking the two sides of Istanbul underwater was first dreamt of by Sultan Abdul Mecit 150 years ago. See how the tunnel will cross the Bosphorus Now that Ottoman dream is finally being realised. But the modern version of that vision has hit a historical stumbling block. Istanbul...
  • The Siege of Byzantium

    08/21/2013 7:08:10 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 12 replies
    The Natioanl Review Online ^ | 8/15/13 | Raymond Ibrahim
    In 717–18, Western civilization was hanging by a thread.Today, August 15, marks the anniversary of Constantinople’s victory over Muslim invaders in what historians commonly call the “Second Siege of Byzantium,” 717–18. Prior to this massive onslaught, the Muslims had been hacking away at the domains of the Byzantine empire for nearly a century. The Muslims’ ultimate goal was the conquest of Constantinople — for both political and religious reasons. Politically, Islam had no rival but the “hated Christians” of Byzantium, known by various appellations — including al-Rum (the Romans), al-Nassara (the Nazarenes), and, most notoriously, al-Kilab (the “dogs”). The eastern...
  • The Siege of Byzantium

    08/15/2013 7:15:02 AM PDT · by reaganaut1 · 5 replies
    National Review ^ | August 15, 2013 | Raymond Ibrahim
    Today, August 15, marks the anniversary of Constantinople’s victory over Muslim invaders in what historians commonly call the “Second Siege of Byzantium,” 717–18. Prior to this massive onslaught, the Muslims had been hacking away at the domains of the Byzantine empire for nearly a century. The Muslims’ ultimate goal was the conquest of Constantinople — for both political and religious reasons. Politically, Islam had no rival but the “hated Christians” of Byzantium, known by various appellations — including al-Rum (the Romans), al-Nassara (the Nazarenes), and, most notoriously, al-Kilab (the “dogs”). The eastern Sasanian Empire had already been vanquished, and Persia...
  • June 17, 1462: The Battle of the Blood Drinkers

    06/17/2013 9:34:36 AM PDT · by NYer · 37 replies
    Crisis Magazine ^ | June 17, 2013 | Sean Fitzpatrick
    Like flaming demons, Wallachians rushed out of the night and into the Turkish camp, striking terror in an army of terrorists. Leading the charge was a gore-spattered chieftain—hewing and hacking a path to the central tents where the Sultan huddled in fear. On he came, Vlad Dracul, raining down slaughter and raging for Mehmed’s blood.On June 17, 1462, outside Targoviste, Romania, the world was given a rare instance of how the good can be accomplished though the grotesque—for God can deploy His enemies as allies. Vlad Dracul III, Prince of Wallachia, can hardly be considered a warrior of faith; but...
  • Turkey protests: Clashes rage in Istanbul's Besiktas (REVOLT AGAINST ISLAMISM)

    06/03/2013 12:04:58 AM PDT · by Nextrush · 56 replies
    BBC News ^ | 6/3/2013 | bbc
    Turkish protestors have clashed with police in Istanbul overnight, in some of the worst violence since unrest erupted three days ago. Protesters in Beskitas district tore up paving stones to build barricades, and police responded with tear gas and water cannon. The violence was sparked by plans to build on a city park but have broadened into nationwide anti-government unrest. Protesters say the Turkish government is becoming increasingly authoritarian. They fear Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's Justice and Development Party (AKP) is trying to impose conservative Islamic values on the officially secular country and infringe on their personal freedoms. correspondents...
  • Pope Francis: Regina caeli

    05/12/2013 6:16:51 AM PDT · by markomalley · 12 replies
    Radio Vaticana ^ | 5/12/2013
    Pope Francis on Sunday prayed the Regina coeli prayer with the tens of thousands of faithful who had gathered in Saint Peter’s Square for a Mass of Canonization for more than 800 saints. Before the Regina coeli, the Holy Father prayed especially for the countries of Italy, Colombia and Mexico, which had given so many new saints to the Church. Pope Francis also called to mind the beatification on Saturday of the Italian priest Father Luigi Novarese, who, he said, was “able to renew the pastoral care of the sick by making them active participants in the Church.” The Holy...
  • Otranto Martyrs: exceptional witness of fidelity to Christ

    05/12/2013 5:23:27 AM PDT · by NYer · 4 replies
    Vatican Radio ^ | May 12, 2013
    (Vatican Radio) On Sunday 12 May, Pope Francis will preside at a Mass for the Canonization of Blessed Antonio Primaldo and Companions; Blessed Laura di Santa Caterina da Siena Montoya y Upegui, virgin and foundress of the Congregation of the Missionaries of Mary Immaculate and St Catherine of Siena; Blessed Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala, co-foundress of the Congregation of the Handmaids of St Margaret Mary (Alacoque) and the Poor. The announcement of the canonization was made at a consistory on 11 February – a consistory made historic by Benedict XVI’s announcement that he would resign the papacy. Among those being...
  • Pope Francis celebrates Mass, proclaims new saints (full text)

    05/12/2013 5:08:58 AM PDT · by NYer · 6 replies
    Vatican Radio ^ | May 12, 2013
    Pope Francis canonized over 800 new saints on Sunday, during Mass in St Peter's Square: Antonio Primaldo and his companions, martyrs of Otranto in Italy; Laura di Santa Caterina da Siena Montoya y Upegui, virgin and foundress; and Maria Guadalupe García Zavala, co-foundress. Below is a Vatican Radio translation of his homily which he delivered partly in Italian and partly in Spanish. ******************************** Dear brothers and sisters!In this seventh Sunday of Easter we are gathered to celebrate with joy a feast of holiness. Thanks be to God who has made His glory – the glory of Love – to shine...
  • Pope Francis Set to Canonize 800 Christians Slaughtered By Muslims in Otranto

    05/02/2013 7:55:12 AM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 23 replies
    Gateway Pundit ^ | May 2, 2013 | Jim Hoft
    The Otranto Cathedral was consecrated in 1088. In August 1480, clergy and survivors of the Ottoman siege of Otranto took refuge in the cathedral – the Ottoman force eventually broke in and killed those inside, turning the church into a stable or a mosque and destroying its 13th century frescoes. After Otranto was retaken in 1481 by a force under Alfonso V of Aragon it was turned back into a church and heavily rebuilt to house the relics of the Martyrs of Otranto, who had been executed after the 1480 siege. Behind the chapel’s altar is the ‘stone of martyrdom’,...
  • Pope Francis to Canonise 800 Italians Slain During Historic Siege [by Muslims]

    04/30/2013 3:02:52 PM PDT · by marshmallow · 20 replies
    The Catholic Herald (UK) ^ | 4/30/13 | Carol Glatz
    Pope Francis is preparing to canonise an estimated 800 Italian laymen killed by Ottoman soldiers in the 15th century. The canonisation service will be on May 12 in St Peter’s Square and it will be the first carried out by the Pontiff since he was elected in early March. The killing of the martyrs by Ottoman troops, who launched a weeks-long siege of Otranto, a small port town at the most eastern tip of southern Italy, took place in 1480. When Otranto residents refused to surrender to the Ottoman army, the soldiers were ordered to massacre all males over the...
  • Pope Francis to visit Rome's basilicas before Pentecost (canonize artist who refused Islam)

    04/03/2013 1:53:08 PM PDT · by NYer · 2 replies
    cna ^ | April 3, 2013 | Estefania Aguirre
    ope Francis celebrates Palm Sunday Mass on March 24, 2013 in St. Peter's Square. Credit: Sabrina Fusco/CNA. Vatican City, Apr 3, 2013 / 10:45 am (CNA).- Pope Francis will be praying or celebrating Mass at all four of Rome’s major basilicas between now and Pentecost, as well as holding four public Masses in St. Peter’s Square. The Holy See’s press office released on April 3 the places and times the pontiff will be presiding over the seven public Masses that will be held between now and May 19. After he was elected Pope in 2005, Benedict XVI ordained priests...
  • As he abdicated,Pope announced canonisation of 800 martyrs slaughtered by Muslim troops

    02/27/2013 1:28:39 PM PST · by Gillibrand · 35 replies
    Catholic Church Conservation ^ | 27/2/2013 | Chris Gillibrand
    On Monday, 11 February in Rome the canonization was announced of 800 Christians took place who suffered martyrdom in the 15th Century in Otranto. The elevation to the altars is to be made in the context of an ordinary consistory of the College of Cardinals which was convened by Pope Benedict XVI. The canonization concerned Antonio Primaldo and his 800 companions. The Christian inhabitants of the town of Otranto in Apulia, in southern Italy were victims of a bloodbath by Ottoman troops during a raid on 29 July 1480. They killed more than 800 fishermen, craftsmen, farmers, merchants, peasants simply...
  • Pope will announce on Monday date for canonization for over 800 saints

    02/09/2013 1:44:37 PM PST · by NYer · 75 replies
    Rome Reports ^ | February 9, 2013
    February 9, 2013. (Romereports.com) Benedict XVI will announce on Monday the date for the canonization of over 800 new saints for the Catholic Church, during a consistory with cardinals. Among the soon to be saints are Mother Laura, the first Colombian saint, and Mother Lupita, the second female Mexican saint.    Mother Lupita co-founded the religious congregation of the Handmaids of Saint Margaret Mary and of the Poor in Jalisco, Mexico. Mother Laura Montoya founded the Missionaries of St. Mary Immaculate and St. Catherine of Siena to help local indigenous people.  The rest of the large group are the 813...
  • The Real History of the Crusades

    03/19/2011 1:49:32 PM PDT · by NYer · 34 replies
    Inside Catholic ^ | March 19, 2011 | Thomas F. Madden
    Many historians had been trying for some time to set the record straight on the Crusades -- misconceptions are all too common. These historians are not revisionists, but mainstream scholars offering the fruit of several decades of very careful, very serious scholarship. For them, current interest is a "teaching moment," an opportunity to explain the Crusades while people are actually listening. It won't last long, so here goes. With the possible exception of Umberto Eco, medieval scholars are not used to getting much media attention. We tend to be a quiet lot (except during the annual bacchanalia we call...
  • Martyrs of Otranto

    11/02/2007 6:14:01 AM PDT · by Publius64 · 1 replies · 119+ views
    The Forum ^ | November 2, 2007 | James Maldonado Berry
    "I give thanks to Muhammad who has given us this splendid victory; but I pray that he will permit me to live long enough to capture and subjugate Old Rome as I have New Rome." - Sultan Mehmet II after conquering Constantinople
  • Crusades: Truth and Black Legend

    06/17/2002 11:53:30 AM PDT · by robowombat · 21 replies · 1,113+ views
    ZENIT ^ | 27 JUL 1999 | Vittorio Messori
    Crusades: Truth and Black Legend Italian Writer Vittorio Messori Joins Debate ROME, 27 JUL 1999 (ZENIT). Debate over the nature of the Crusades has not abated in this 900th anniversary year of the first Crusade. At the end of the millennium it might well be exacerbated by lack of understanding between the West and Islam. According to Italian Catholic writer Vittorio Messori, the Enlightenment cast a "black legend" shadow on the Crusades, and used it as a weapon in its psychological war against the Roman Catholic Church. In an article in "Corriere della Sera," Italy's most important newspaper, Messori wrote,...
  • Statement To Muslims? Pope Francis To Canonize 800 Martyrs Murdered By Ottoman Turks

    05/12/2013 6:07:40 AM PDT · by markomalley · 65 replies
    International Business Times ^ | 5/6/2013 | Palash Ghosh
    In a move that may annoy some in the Muslim world, Pope Francis plans to canonize 800 Italian laymen who were massacred by Ottoman Turkish soldiers during the historic siege in the southern Italian city of Otranto in 1480. The canonization service, the very first by the new pope, will be held on May 12 in St Peter’s Square, reported Britain’s Catholic Herald newspaper. The Daily Telegraph reported that this ceremony will set a new record for the highest number of saints canonized at any one time by the Church. During the week-long siege of Otranto more than five centuries...
  • Martyred for Christ: 800 Victims of Islamic Violence will Become Saints this Month

    05/12/2013 4:46:13 AM PDT · by BarnacleCenturion · 24 replies
    The 800 men of Otranto – whose names are lost, except for that of Antonio Primaldo, an old tailor – were rounded up and killed because they refused to convert to Islam. In 2007, Pope Benedict recognised them as martyrs “killed out of hatred for the faith”. That is no exaggeration. Earlier, the Archbishop of Otranto had been cut to pieces with a scimitar. Some accounts of the martyrdoms will raise a sceptical eyebrow: Primaldo reportedly remained standing after he was decapitated, a Pythonesque miracle that stretches credulity. But the murders really happened, and their significance is immense. The Turks...
  • A look at new saints canonized by Pope Francis (martyrs of Otranto)

    05/12/2013 3:42:45 AM PDT · by markomalley · 5 replies
    AP ^ | 5/12/2013
    (snip) ANTONIO PEZZULLA AND 812 FELLOW MARTYRS In 1480, some 20,000 Turkish troops overran the citadel of Otranto in what is now the southeastern Puglia region of Italy, in the "heel" of the boot-shaped peninsula. The invaders demanded that the locals, including many who took refuge in the city's cathedral, convert to Islam. The Turks took 813 men from among those refusing to convert.. Pezzulla, also known as Primaldo, was the group's leader, and the first among the martyrs to be beheaded. They are referred to as `'The martyrs of Otranto."
  • Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople to Attend Papal Installation Mass

    03/16/2013 3:46:23 AM PDT · by NYer · 24 replies
    The Sacred Page ^ | March 15, 2013
    Pope Benedict XVI and Ecumenical Orthodox Patriarch Bartholomew in 2006 at the Patriarch's residence in Instanbul Tuesday will be a landmark day in the history of Christianity and ecumenical relations: the Ecumenical Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople will attend Pope Francis' installation Mass. As if that wasn't enough, three other Orthodox bishops are coming with him! I cannot stress enough what a hugely significant moment this is in Christian history! It is the first time that such a thing has happened since the Great Western Schism in 1054. This is almost impossible to believe!!! Here's the report that is rocking...
  • Constantinople: 25 Quotes from the Eastern Fathers on the Petrine Ministry

    01/28/2013 3:08:45 PM PST · by NYer · 11 replies
    stpeterslist ^ | January 25, 2013 | HHAMBROSE
    St. Peter is the Prince of the Apostles and our First Pope. SPL has reproduced a portion of a popular article that has been shared on many Catholic sites – though we think it originated with Fisheaters - cataloguing the Eastern Fathers of the Church and their statements on St. Peter and his keys. Below are the historical comments of those who served Holy Mother Church in Constantinople. Many of the quotes focus on St. Peter as the Prince of the Apostles and the Keys of the Kingdom given to him by Christ Our Lord. Those unfamiliar with the...
  • Cardinal expecting ecumenical breakthrough from Pan-Orthodox Meeting

    05/23/2012 5:50:37 PM PDT · by Gillibrand · 1 replies
    Catholic Church Conservation ^ | 23 May 2012 | Cathcon
    Important speech by Cardinal Koch to Aid to the Church in Need conference
  • Holy Wisdom: Why the Pope should call for the return of the Hagia Sophia.

    12/07/2006 10:26:19 AM PST · by ZeitgeistSurfer · 91 replies · 1,616+ views
    VDH's Private Papers ^ | 12/7/2006 | Bruce S. Thornton
    Many in the West are congratulating Pope Benedict XVI’s recent trip to Turkey, where in the Blue Mosque he prayed facing Mecca and made other gestures meant to salve the wounds raised by his references to Islam’s history of violence. Personally, I found the whole scene a depressing exhibit of the West’s terminal failure of nerve, one particularly distressing given this Pope’s documented understanding that what we call the “war on terror” is in fact the latest episode in the centuries-long struggle with a militant Islam.
  • Quake-Proof Cement Mixed '1,300 Years Ago'

    11/14/2002 3:07:10 PM PST · by blam · 10 replies · 336+ views
    IOL ^ | 11-13-2002
    Quake-proof cement mixed '1 300 years ago' November 13 2002 at 04:36PM London - The Sixth Century builders of Hagia Sophia, the Byzantine cathedral still standing in Istanbul, discovered cement with earthquake-resistant properties 1 300 years before anyone else, a research team revealed on Wednesday. Hagia Sophia, built as a church and subsequently turned into a mosque, still stands only because its creators discovered the cement. Many of the surrounding buildings have long since succumbed to the ravages of time, including earthquakes, according to a report in the New Scientist. The structure has withstood quakes of up to 7,5 on...
  • Istanbul: Possible Attack Against Ecumenical Patriarch Thwarted

    03/08/2011 9:38:48 PM PST · by 0beron · 5 replies
    The Eponymous Flower ^ | 3/09/11 | Tancred
    Editor: Good work by the Turkish police, and the individual who made this known to them, thus preventing it from happening. Two youthful perpetrators are in custody. Ankara (kath.net/KAP) The police have thwarted an attempt to attack one of the most highly positioned Christian leaders in Istanbul, possibly against the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, Bartholomaios I. As the Turkish press reported on Monday, there were two suspects apprehended of the age of 17 and 18 . Both men, who were armed when they were apprehended, explained afterward their intention that they wanted to become famous. The media was expected to...
  • Islam and the West

    10/16/2010 4:14:09 AM PDT · by Doctor13 · 18 replies
    National Review ^ | 14 October 2010 | Conrad Black
    It is certainly time that the West considered systematically whether it has irreconcilable differences with Islam. The belligerence of many Islamic spokesmen and the unassimilable quality of many Muslim immigrants in the West, as well as the spectacular terrorist provocations of extreme Islamic groups, make this a very legitimate question. But it is not so easy to answer. Some passages of the Koran, and some of Muhammad’s more purposeful remarks, certainly incite the inference that mortal conflict is inevitable, an impression heightened by the neurotic obsession of a great many Muslims with the red herring of Israel. It is hard...
  • Massacre of Latins in Constantinople, 1182 [Catholic/Orthodox Caucus]

    06/16/2010 5:05:17 AM PDT · by Cronos · 11 replies · 293+ views
    Crusades Encyclopedia ^ | 11-May-1182 | Crusades Encyclopedia
    Since the late 11th century, Western merchants, primarily from the Italian city-states of Venice, Genoa and Pisa, had started appearing in the East. The first had been the Venetians, who had secured large-scale trading concessions from Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos. Subsequent extensions of these privileges and Byzantium's own naval impotence at the time resulted in a virtual maritime monopoly and stranglehold over the Empire by the Venetians.[3] Alexios' grandson, Manuel I Komnenos, wishing to reduce their influence, began to reduce the privileges of Venice while concluding agreements with her rivals: Pisa, Genoa and Amalfi.[4] Gradually, all four Italian cities...
  • Calling Mary “Mother of God” Tells Us Who Jesus Is

    01/02/2010 4:59:08 AM PST · by NYer · 58 replies · 1,220+ views
    CE ^ | January 2, 2010 | Marcellino D'Ambrosio
    The mother of the messiah has been called many things in the last 2000 years — the Virgin Mary, Our Lady, the Blessed Mother. But call her “the Mother of God” and you’ll see some Christians squirm.This is nothing new. One day in the early fifth century, a priest preached a stirring sermon in the presence of the patriarch of Constantinople. His subject was the holy mother of Jesus. The preacher continually referred to Mary as the “Theotokos” meaning “God-bearer” or mother of God. This was no innovation — Christians had invoked Mary under this title for at least two...
  • Is Turkey Renaming Istanbul Constantinople?

    09/08/2009 7:28:05 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 54 replies · 1,261+ views
    foreignpolicy.com ^ | SEPTEMBER 4, 2009 | NICK DANFORTH
    Is Turkey Renaming Istanbul Constantinople? Chances of Turkey and the Kurds reaching a rapprochement are at their highest in 25 years. But what does that mean for Turkification -- and what concessions are the Turks willing to make? BY NICK DANFORTH | SEPTEMBER 4, 2009 Last month, Turkish President Abdullah Gul broke a long-standing national taboo: He called the remote village of Guroymak by its Kurdish name, Norshin. The president's opponents say renaming Istanbul Constantinople on highway signs will inevitably follow. Or worse. For many Turks, saying Norshin leads to saying Kurdistan, and saying Kurdistan leads to recognizing an independent...
  • Discovering the Greek side of Istanbul

    09/03/2009 8:21:26 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 12 replies · 510+ views
    todayszaman.com ^ | 03 September 2009 | KRISTINA KAMP
    Discovering the Greek side of Istanbul The Maiden Tower That Ä°stanbul is a real treasure chest for history, art and architecture freaks is no secret. Its colorful mosaic of historical city structures -- mosques, churches, synagogues, palaces, castles and towers -- reflects the many, many social and cultural influences of a number of foreign communities that have left their indelible footprints across the city throughout its long history. The oldest settlement on the land that is now Ä°stanbul was, however, Greek. Already, in 685 B.C., settlers from the ancient Greek town of Megara chose to colonize the town of Chalcedon,...
  • Hagia Sophia angel uncovered in Turkey

    08/20/2009 7:15:45 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 20 replies · 1,159+ views
    haber27.com ^ | 08/20/08
    Hagia Sophia angel uncovered in Turkey Restoration workers have uncovered the mosaic face of an angel in the world-renowned Hagia Sophia Museum in the Turkish city of Istanbul 29 Temmuz 2009 Çarşamba 02:35 The mosaic, believed to be one of a group of six, was found in the pendentive, an arched triangular section supporting the dome of the monument. Some experts believe the six-winged figure dates back to the 14th century, but the Hagia Sofia Science Board is set to determine the relic's true age by comparing it to similar mosaics found in 1935. Built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian,...
  • Review: How the Byzantines Saved Europe

    08/18/2009 6:27:29 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 42 replies · 1,786+ views
    acton.org ^ | AUGUST 17, 2009 | JOHN COURETAS
    Review: How the Byzantines Saved Europe Posted by JOHN COURETAS on MONDAY, AUGUST 17, 2009 The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies. Edited by Elizabeth Jeffreys, John Haldon, Robin Cormack. Oxford University Press (2008)Byzantium: The Surprising Life of a Medieval Empire by Judith Herrin. Princeton University Press (2008) Ask the average college student to identify the 1,100 year old empire that was, at various points in its history, the political, commercial, artistic and ecclesiastical center of Europe and, indeed, was responsible for the very survival and flourishing of what we know today as Europe and you’re not likely to get the...
  • Constantinople and Norsin

    08/19/2009 6:48:42 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 6 replies · 574+ views
    sundayszaman.com ^ | 16.08.2009 | MUMTAZER TURKONE
    Constantinople and Norsin MUMTAZER TURKONE m.turkone@todayszaman.com There is a contradiction in a question posed by Devlet Bahçeli to the president, who referred to Güroymak as Norşin. "Will you also change the signboard reading ‘İstanbul' that you encounter on the highway traveling from Gebze to İstanbul to ‘Constantinople'?" asked Bahçeli. Here are my questions: What will happen if we change it? What change will this make? The answer: Only our habits will change. Why? It is because there is nothing in the name “İstanbul” that belongs to Turks, Turkishness or the Turkish language other than our habits. İstanbul as a name...
  • Emperor Constantine's Last Walk

    08/17/2009 6:15:37 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 25 replies · 1,469+ views
    Peterborough Examiner ^ | July 11, 2007 | Erik Blackthrone O'Barr
    Osprey Media. - Peterborough Examiner - Ontario, CA [Emperor] Constantine's Last WalkJunior Fiction winner Local News - Wednesday, July 11, 2007 @ 00:00 By Erik Blackthrone O'Barr Grade 9 Peterborough Collegiate The cannon fire grew closer with each thundering belch of rock and iron, as the walls of Constantinople, wonders of the world that had never been breached save for treachery, groaned under the strain. Buildings crackled with scorching heat, set ablaze by pitch- covered arrows. The shouts and screams of the dying echoed in the empty streets of the once great city. And Constantine XI Palaiologos, last Emperor of...
  • From church to mosque: Istanbul’s forgotten Byzantine heritage

    08/14/2009 8:51:21 AM PDT · by Nikas777 · 8 replies · 783+ views
    todayszaman.com ^ | Aug 09, 2009 | PAT YALE
    Aug 14, 2009 From church to mosque: Istanbul’s forgotten Byzantine heritage Is it a church? Is it a mosque? Is it a museum? Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia, the Church of Divine Wisdom) may be one of İstanbul's most famous buildings, but it's also one that suffers from an acute identity crisis, having started life as the great sixth century church of the Emperor Justinian, before becoming a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 and then a museum in 1935 after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk declared the Turkish Republic. Something similar happened to Chora, near Edirnekapı, which also kicked...
  • Turkish TV gameshow looks to convert atheists

    07/03/2009 6:38:48 PM PDT · by Gordon Greene · 15 replies · 747+ views
    Reuters.com ^ | Fri Jul 3, 2009 8:21am EDT | Daren Butler
    What happens when you put a Muslim imam, a Christian priest, a rabbi and a Buddhist monk in a room with 10 atheists? Turkish television station Kanal T hopes the answer is a ratings success as it prepares to launch a gameshow where spiritual guides from the four faiths will seek to convert a group of non-believers. The prize for converts will be a pilgrimage to a holy site of their chosen religion -- Mecca for Muslims, the Vatican for Christians, Jerusalem for Jews and Tibet for Buddhists. ...secular Turkey are not amused by the twist on the popular reality...
  • Moscow Patriarchate disagrees with Constantinople's special position in the Orthodox world

    04/12/2009 2:06:23 PM PDT · by Tailgunner Joe · 39 replies · 971+ views
    interfax-religion.com ^ | April 10, 2009
    Moscow, 10 April, Interfax - Bishop Hilarion of Volokolamsk, head of the Moscow Patriarchate Department for External Church Relations expressed his disagreement with the Constantinople Patriarchate urge to govern all church communities in the Orthodox diaspora. "One of the major challenges for inter-Orthodox relations I see the claims of Constantinople Patriarchate to a special role in the Orthodox Church," Bishop Hilarion said at Interfax press conference. "The Orthodox Church is going to be enforced the model of the Catholic Church, which is the most centralized church power leaded by the one bishop of the Universal Church," the Bishop said. He...
  • [Vanity] [Book] The Wars of the Barbary Pirates

    11/23/2008 6:32:49 AM PST · by CE2949BB · 15 replies · 1,949+ views
    Osprey Publishing ^ | 11/23/08 | CE2949BB
    The Wars of the Barbary PiratesEssential Histories #66Osprey Introduction Most Americans are unaware that, as a young republic, their nation fought a war with the Barbary pirates, the North African corsairs who plied the waters of the Mediterranean at the turn of the 19th century in search of ships to loot and men to enslave. This is perhaps not surprising, for the wars were conducted on a small scale, over a short period of time, and at a considerable distance from American shores. They were, moreover, the product of one of the most inglorious – even degrading – episodes in...
  • Russian Church: Constantinople ruins talks with Catholics

    10/23/2007 8:18:16 AM PDT · by kawaii · 31 replies · 60+ views
    interfax ^ | 23 October 2007 | interfax
    23 October 2007 Russian Church: Constantinople ruins talks with Catholics Moscow, October 22, Interfax - The Russian Orthodox Church representative to European institutions accused the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople on Monday of seeking to establish itself as the top authority in the world's Orthodox communion and of ruining Orthodox-Roman Catholic dialogue. The representative, Bishop Hilarion of Vienna and Austria, was referring to the 10th meeting of the Joint International Commission for the Theological Dialogue between the Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. The delegation of the Moscow Patriarchate withdrew from the meeting, held in Ravenna, Italy, in protest against...
  • The Last Sunrise

    05/29/2007 4:59:51 PM PDT · by rmlew · 10 replies · 446+ views
    The American Spectator ^ | 5/29/2007 | Paull J. Cella III
    Five hundred and fifty-four years ago on this day the Roman Empire was at last extinguished. By then the Empire was, of course, Greek not Roman; Christian not pagan; and no longer strong but pitifully weak. Dispossessed of all its Anatolian and Asian province, and most of its European, all that remained was the great city of Constantinople, much of which was reduced by privation, disease, and depopulation to overgrown ruins. The Turks under a great conqueror, Mehmet II, besieged the city beginning in April, the day after Easter. They outnumbered the defenders at least 10 to 1; possibly the...
  • MAJOR COUNCILS OF THE CHURCH - 1st Council of Constantinople - 381 A.D. (2nd in a series)

    05/20/2007 1:25:28 PM PDT · by NYer · 6 replies · 417+ views
    INTRODUCTION In the year 380 the emperors Gratian and Theodosius I decided to convoke this council to counter the Arians, and also to judge the case of Maximus the Cynic, bishop of Constantinople. The council met in May of the following year. One hundred and fifty bishops took part, all of them eastern Orthodox, since the Pneumatomachi party had left at the start. After Maximus had been condemned, Meletius, bishop of Antioch, appointed Gregory of Nazianzus as the lawful bishop of Constantinople and at first presided over the council. Then on Meletius's sudden death, Gregory took charge of the council...