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Keyword: epidemiology

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  • That’s Why It’s Called Propaganda

    02/22/2015 8:15:17 AM PST · by NOBO2012 · 9 replies
    Michelle Obama's Mirror ^ | 2-22-2015 | MOTUS
    In honor of the five (5!) year anniversary of Lady M’s Let’s Move! initiative, in conjunction with her “Eat Brighter” campaign, launched in 2013… A tip for “eating brighter:” put the mic down first and keep your tongue in your mouth. The federal committee responsible for nutrition guidelines (the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, or DGAC) has finally issued a 571-page report of recommendations that calls for:  the adoption of “plant-based” diets, taxes on dessert, trained obesity “interventionists” at worksites, and electronic monitoring of how long Americans sit in front of the television. So nothing real intrusive; it just wants to fundamentally...
  • Half Of New Greek HIV Cases Are Self-Inflicted To Receive €700 Per Month Benefits, Study Finds

    11/25/2013 12:18:15 PM PST · by markomalley · 20 replies
    Zero Hedge ^ | 11/25/2013 | Tyler Durden
    When one reads the following stunning, and tragic, excerpt from the World Health Organization's recent report "Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report" what can one say but... Grecovery.From the WHO: Case study: countries’ experiences of financial crisis - Greece Suicides rose by 17% between 2007 and 2009 and to 25% in 2010, according to unofficial 2010 data (398). The Minister of Health reported a further 40% rise in the first half of 2011 compared with the same period in 2010. Suicide attempts have also increased, particularly among people reporting economic distress (610)....
  • Surviving a Zombie Apocalypse: Just Do the Math

    07/31/2013 6:52:36 PM PDT · by DogByte6RER · 51 replies
    LiveScience.com ^ | July 30, 2013 | Michael Dhar
    Surviving a Zombie Apocalypse: Just Do the Math This equation could spell your doom: (bN)(S/N)Z = bSZ. That is, if you ever found yourself in the midst of a zombie pandemic. That's because the calculation describes the rate of zombie transmission, from one walking dead individual to many, according to its creators, Robert J. Smith?, a mathematics professor at the University of Ottawa who spells his name with a "?" at the end, and his students. Smith's work has inspired other researchers to create zombie mathematical models, which will be published with Smith's work in the upcoming book, "Mathematical Modeling...
  • Ebola may go airborne

    11/16/2012 5:15:39 PM PST · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 19 replies
    Science News ^ | November 15, 2012 | Tina Hesman Saey
    The Ebola virus can spread through the air from pigs to macaques, a new study suggests. Transmission of the virus — which causes an often fatal hemorrhagic fever in people and primates — was thought to require direct contact with body fluids from an infected animal or person. But in the new study, published online November 15 in Scientific Reports, piglets infected with Ebola passed the virus to macaques housed in the same room even though the animals never touched. “The evidence that the virus got from a pig to a monkey through a respiratory route is good,” says Glenn...
  • The Virus that Inspired the Whole Zombie Genre

    06/19/2012 7:28:59 PM PDT · by DogByte6RER · 13 replies
    IO9 ^ | Jun 19, 2012 | Esther Inglis-Arkell
    The Virus that Inspired the Whole Zombie Genre Zombies have come to dominate pop culture — and the explanations for their origins range from dark magic to strange satellites. But the concept of zombies has been around for thousands of years — and it looks like the idea originally came from the world of epidemiology, not the world of legends. Biting, fear of light, speechlessness, and the intense aggression that most zombie movies display all come from a single source; rabies. Take a look at the original "rage virus." While some zombie movies go for the uncanny — emphasizing the...
  • Advisers Say National Children's Study Should Represent U.S. Population

    04/26/2012 1:32:05 PM PDT · by neverdem
    ScienceInsider ^ | 25 April 2012 | Jocelyn Kaiser
    Enlarge Image An advisory committee that met yesterday to consider the design of the struggling National Children's Study (NCS) came down firmly in favor of one option: The study should recruit children from a geographic sample that represents the entire U.S. population. But whether the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will go with that plan isn't yet clear. Proposed by Congress 12 years ago, NCS aims to enroll 100,000 pregnant women and follow their babies' health from before birth to age 21. In February, NIH announced that because the original plan to recruit women from certain addresses in 105...
  • Cholera returns to Puerto Rico after a 126-year absence

    07/05/2011 6:57:27 AM PDT · by rrstar96 · 10 replies
    El Nuevo Día (Spanish-language article) ^ | July 5, 2011 | Yanira Hernández Cabiya
    (English-language translation) A septuagenarian missionary became the first person to import the dangerous cholera bacterium to Puerto Rico in over a century. Confirmation was done by the Department of Health, following protocol which requires that confirmed cholera cases be reported within 24 hours. The man, whom the Department of Health only identified as a missionary who lives in the northern part of the island, traveled to the Dominican Republic two weeks ago to do work in an area where hygienic conditions were not the best. "He is a person who travels to the Dominican Republic frequently," State Epidemiologist Carmen Deseda...
  • Broad Racial Disparities Seen in Americans’ Ills

    01/16/2011 12:17:31 AM PST · by neverdem · 28 replies
    NY Times ^ | January 13, 2011 | DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
    White people in the United States die of drug overdoses more often than other ethnic groups. Black people are hit proportionately harder by AIDS, strokes and heart disease. And American Indians are more likely to die in car crashes. To shed more light on the ills of America’s poor — and occasionally its rich — the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Thursday released its first report detailing racial disparities in a broad array of health problems. While some are well known, others have had little attention; there were also a few surprises. The agency did not delve into...
  • Town's Disease Is Traced to a Surprising Culprit (Legionnaire's Disease)

    09/15/2010 6:18:15 PM PDT · by decimon · 8 replies
    Live Science ^ | September 15, 2010 | Wynne Parry
    After five years of lying low, Legionnaire's disease - a potentially fatal lung infection - returned to the small city of Alcoi, Spain, on July 21, 2009. > This microbe lives in fresh water nearly everywhere, and it becomes a problem only when inhaled as a fine spray or aerosol. (Legionella is harmless if you drink it.) Outbreaks are usually traced back to man-made supplies of warm water, such as water cooling systems, fountains, hot tubs, even showers. > Investigations into Legionella outbreaks are difficult, according to Dr. Lauri Hicks, a medical epidemiologist in the respiratory-diseases branch of the Centers...
  • Beware of Gonorrhea Lectim

    01/26/2010 3:15:44 PM PST · by al baby · 13 replies · 1,016+ views
    Personal e-mail | Unknown | Unknown
    Beware of Gonorrhea Lectim The Center for Disease Control has issued a warning about a new virulent strain of Sexually Transmitted Disease. The disease is contracted through dangerous and high-risk behavior, especially in areas high in polling places. The disease is called “Gonorrhea Lectim”. And pronounced "gonna re-elect ‘em." Many victims showed symptoms of it in 2008. Yet after having been screwed repeatedly during the past year or so Naturalists and Epidemiologists are amazed at how destructive this disease has become since it is readily apparent to most of the general public but not reported in the liberal media. However,...
  • Scientists link plastics chemical to health risks (BPA)

    01/13/2010 5:02:49 AM PST · by decimon · 22 replies · 548+ views
    Reuters ^ | Jan 12, 2010 | Kate Kelland
    LONDON (Reuters) – Exposure to a chemical found in plastic containers is linked to heart disease, scientists said on Wednesday, confirming earlier findings and adding to pressure to ban its use in bottles and food packaging. > The analysis also confirmed that BPA plays a role in diabetes and some forms of liver disease, said Melzer's team, who studied data on 1,493 people aged 18 to 74. > U.S. government toxicologists at the National Institutes of Health concluded in 2008 that BPA presents concern for harmful effects on development of the prostate and brain and for behavioral changes in fetuses,...
  • 'Breakthrough' in deadly tropical disease

    12/25/2009 12:51:35 AM PST · by myknowledge · 36 replies · 1,951+ views
    The Daily Telegraph ^ | December 25, 2009
    QUEENSLAND researchers believe they have found a way to to control the spread of dengue fever, which afflicts more than 50 million people worldwide every year. The team at the University of Queensland's (UQ) School of Biological Sciences, led by Professor Scott O'Neill, is investigating infecting mosquitoes that transmit dengue fever with a bacterium that shortens their lifespan, limiting their ability to infect humans with the dengue virus. Professor O'Neill said this approach may be even more effective than first thought. "In a surprising development we have found that mosquitoes carrying this bacterium - known as Wolbachia - are resistant...
  • On the epidemiology of influenza

    11/18/2009 3:56:37 PM PST · by Chickensoup · 10 replies · 647+ views
    Virology Journal ^ | 02.25.2008 | John Cannell et al
    Abstract The epidemiology of influenza swarms with incongruities, incongruities exhaustively detailed by the late British epidemiologist...propose a parsimonious theory explaining why influenza is, ..."seemingly unmindful of traditional infectious disease behavioral patterns." Recent discoveries indicate vitamin D upregulates the endogenous antibiotics of innate immunity and suggest that the incongruities explored by Hope-Simpson may be secondary to the epidemiology of vitamin D deficiency. We identify – and attempt to explain – nine influenza conundrums: (1) Why is influenza both seasonal and ubiquitous and where is the virus between epidemics? (2) Why are the epidemics so explosive? (3) Why do they end so...
  • Does HIV mean certain death? (AIDS and Global Warming have one thing in common: HARD-LEFT POLITICS!)

    10/28/2009 8:32:21 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 105 replies · 4,090+ views
    The Spectator ^ | October 24, 2009 | Neville Hodgkinson
    Does HIV mean certain death? In the quarter century since the world was introduced to the idea that a new sexually transmitted virus was the cause of Aids, HIV has been generally regarded as one of the biggest killers of our time. HIV/Aids has not been the mass disease in Britain that people were led to believe in the 1980s, but the death toll from immune deficiency diseases ascribed to HIV in Africa has been staggering. The scale of death there is an ongoing tragedy that tests the moral resolve of the rich world. How much do we care? Enough...
  • An Outbreak of Autism, or a Statistical Fluke?

    03/16/2009 9:36:42 PM PDT · by neverdem · 68 replies · 1,476+ views
    NY Times ^ | March 17, 2009 | DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.
    MINNEAPOLIS — Ayub Abdi is a cute 5-year-old with a smile that might be called shy if not for the empty look in his eyes. He does not speak. When he was 2, he could say “Dad,” “Mom,” “give me” and “need water,” but he has lost all that. He does scream and spit, and he moans a loud “Unnnnh! Unnnnh!” when he is unhappy. At night he pounds the walls for hours, which led to his family’s eviction from their last apartment. As he is strapped into his seat in the bus that takes him to special education class,...
  • Web data predict flu - Search engines provide information about epidemics.

    11/21/2008 10:30:44 PM PST · by neverdem · 11 replies · 659+ views
    Nature News ^ | 19 November 2008 | Declan Butler
    Two new studies hint at the public-health and research potential of mining the data created as people search the web. Both teams have successfully detected the onset of US seasonal flu epidemics, by extracting patterns of flu-related search terms from the billions of queries stored by Google and Yahoo. The work tested the hypothesis that people will more frequently search the Internet using flu-related terms when they get sick. One group used Google's search-query logs, the other Yahoo's. Together they generated strikingly concordant findings: patterns of searches matched almost perfectly with official flu surveillance data — and often weeks in...
  • Study of ancient and modern plagues finds common features

    11/21/2008 9:01:03 PM PST · by neverdem · 24 replies · 1,190+ views
    biologynews.net ^ | November 21, 2008 | NA
    In 430 B.C., a new and deadly disease—its cause remains a mystery—swept into Athens. The walled Greek city-state was teeming with citizens, soldiers and refugees of the war then raging between Athens and Sparta. As streets filled with corpses, social order broke down. Over the next three years, the illness returned twice and Athens lost a third of its population. It lost the war too. The Plague of Athens marked the beginning of the end of the Golden Age of Greece. The Plague of Athens is one of 10 historically notable outbreaks described in an article in The Lancet Infectious...
  • Scared Senseless (book review)

    08/11/2008 7:18:26 AM PDT · by reaganaut1 · 15 replies · 150+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | September 11, 2008 | Ronald Bailey
    In "Hyping Health Risks," Geoffrey Kabat, an epidemiologist himself, shows how activists, regulators and scientists distort or magnify minuscule environmental risks. He duly notes the accomplishments of epidemiology, such as uncovering the risks of tobacco smoking and the dangers of exposure to vinyl chloride and asbestos. And he acknowledges that industry has attempted to manipulate science. But he is concerned about a less reported problem: "The highly charged climate surrounding environmental health risks can create powerful pressure for scientists to conform and to fall into line with a particular position." Mr. Kabat looks at four claims -- those trying to...
  • County shuts school system over 'superbug' (23 schools in KY)

    10/28/2007 2:04:36 PM PDT · by yorkie · 18 replies · 183+ views
    An eastern Kentucky school district with one confirmed case of antibiotic-resistant staph infection plans to shut down all 23 of its schools Monday, affecting about 10,300 students, to disinfect the facilities. The project will involve disinfecting classrooms, restrooms, cafeterias, hallways, locker rooms, buses and even external areas such as playgrounds and sports fields, said Roger Wagner, superintendent of Pike County schools. "We're not closing schools because there's been a large number of breakouts, but as a preventive measure," Wagner said. One Pike County student was diagnosed with in September with MRSA, or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The bacterial strain can be...
  • Do We Really Know What Makes Us Healthy?

    09/16/2007 8:22:56 PM PDT · by neverdem · 26 replies · 288+ views
    NY Times ^ | September 16, 2007 | GARY TAUBES
    Once upon a time, women took estrogen only to relieve the hot flashes, sweating, vaginal dryness and the other discomforting symptoms of menopause. In the late 1960s, thanks in part to the efforts of Robert Wilson, a Brooklyn gynecologist, and his 1966 best seller, “Feminine Forever,” this began to change, and estrogen therapy evolved into a long-term remedy for the chronic ills of aging. Menopause, Wilson argued, was not a natural age-related condition; it was an illness, akin to diabetes or kidney failure, and one that could be treated by taking estrogen to replace the hormones that a woman’s ovaries...
  • Fatal Del Rio jail illness baffles authorities [foreign nationals involved]

    08/11/2007 8:55:06 AM PDT · by SwinneySwitch · 40 replies · 1,367+ views
    San Antonio Express-News ^ | 08/09/2007 | Don Finley
    A mysterious illness at a Del Rio detention center that has killed two inmates and hospitalized two others within the past month has baffled health authorities, who have asked the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for help. All four men — three of them foreign nationals from Honduras and Mexico held on immigration charges, the fourth a Val Verde county prisoner who was one of the dead — were described as in their 20s and 30s, and apparently healthy when they arrived at the Val Verde Correctional Facility and County Jail. The privately operated 850-bed medium-security facility is under...
  • To control and beyond: moving towards eliminating the global tuberculosis threat (World 1/3 have TB)

    01/24/2007 10:26:55 PM PST · by neverdem · 10 replies · 929+ views
    Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health ^ | 2004 | Timothy F Brewer and S Jody Heymann
    Abstract For 10 years the World Health Organisation has had a single answer to the deadly threat of tuberculosis (TB)—provide treatment to smear positive patients and watch them take it. In contrast with confident statements about how global TB would be brought under control when directly observed therapy, short course (DOTS) was introduced, TB continues to rise worldwide. The introduction of selected multiple drug resistant TB treatment programmes, "DOTS-Plus", although important, also focuses on therapy for active TB. HIV endemic countries in particular have experienced tremendous increases in TB despite having DOTS programmes. A critical review of recent epidemiological data...
  • Consequences: Gun Ownership Linked to Higher Homicide Rates

    01/23/2007 8:08:38 PM PST · by neverdem · 59 replies · 1,425+ views
    NY Times ^ | January 23, 2007 | ERIC NAGOURNEY
    States with the greatest number of guns in the home also have the highest rates of homicide, a new study finds. The study, in the February issue of Social Science and Medicine, looked at gun ownership in all 50 states and then compared the results with the number of people killed over a three-year period. The research, the authors said, “suggests that household firearms are a direct and an indirect source of firearms used to kill Americans both in their homes and on the streets.” The researchers, led by Matthew Miller of the Harvard School of Public Health, drew on...
  • Fear of the Invisible - Epidemiologist John Snow made cities safer.

    12/08/2006 11:55:07 PM PST · by neverdem · 2 replies · 402+ views
    City Journal ^ | 7 December 2006 | Theodore Dalrymple
    The Ghost Map: The Story of London’s Most Terrifying Epidemic—and How It Changed Science, Cities, and the Modern World, by Steven Johnson (Riverhead Books, 320 pp., $26.95) However terrifying modern epidemics may appear, we have one source of comfort unavailable to our forefathers: that the scientific authorities will soon discover the cause of the malady. As many have remarked, the ability to name an enemy reduces the fear that he—or it—inspires. That is why the atmosphere that Kafka created is so disturbing: we can never identify the source of the menace. New epidemic diseases, even if they kill fewer people...
  • NY study: No environmental link to cancer (breast and other cancers in part of Long Island)

    06/24/2006 7:09:00 PM PDT · by neverdem · 5 replies · 788+ views
    Seattle Post-Intelligencer ^ | June 23, 2006 | FRANK ELTMAN
    ASSOCIATED PRESS GARDEN CITY, N.Y. -- A multiyear study of elevated breast cancer rates in several Long Island communities found no environmental factors contributing to the spike, the state Health Department announced Friday. "The results of the investigation found nothing unusual," the agency said in a statement released in Albany. "We hope that our findings will ease concern among residents in Suffolk County about breast cancer and the local environment," said Health Commissioner Antonia C. Novello. "This investigation represented the largest and most thorough examination of environmental risk factors that may be related to cancer in a particular geographic area."...
  • Eating wild deer unsafe

    01/27/2006 6:52:28 PM PST · by LurkedLongEnough · 21 replies · 862+ views
    Foodconsumer.org - Biological Agents ^ | January 27, 2006 | John Soltes
    Deer and elk that are infected with mad cow-like disease, known as chronic wasting disease (CWD), carry infectious agents called prions in their leg muscles, indicating that those handling and eating infected deer meat may contract the same disease, University of Kentucky researchers reported on Jan. 26 in the journal Science. This newfound evidence is shocking because the public has been informed that the infectious prion protein for CWD was only present in parts of the nervous system such as brains and backbones. It was thought in the past that only nervous tissues from infected deer were susceptible to spreading...
  • Cholera Warning for West Africa

    09/02/2005 4:18:22 AM PDT · by Our_Man_In_Gough_Island · 3 replies · 236+ views
    BBC ^ | 2 Sept 2005 | Staff
    A cholera epidemic is spreading rapidly across West Africa, killing nearly 500 people and infecting thousands of others, United Nations officials warn. The head of the UN humanitarian co-ordination office in the region said the outbreak needed a rapid response. "It's not business as usual. We have a crisis that needs immediate attention," said Herve Ludovic de Lys. With heavy rains across the region, cholera is likely to spread to Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad, the UN warns. Guinea-Bissau is the worst hit country, with 9,047 infections and 172 deaths reported between June and August by the health authorities. The country...
  • Disease Trackers Tasked with Spotting and Stopping Deadly Diseases

    08/31/2005 6:46:55 AM PDT · by Our_Man_In_Gough_Island · 1 replies · 491+ views
    Voice of America ^ | 30 August 2005 | Amy Katz
    Disease hunters in action, just outside Washington, DC, at the U.S. Defense Department's Global Emerging Infections System, known as GEIS. They are working to track, prevent and cure infectious diseases. In one laboratory doctors are working with Sand Flies, which carry Leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease that usually infects the skin, but can also infect internal organs. Scientists also are working with mosquitoes that carry malaria. Chemists are working on new treatments and vaccines for a number of communicable diseases. Captain Joseph Malone Captain Joseph Malone is the director of GEIS. "We play a supportive role in both outbreaks within the...
  • WARNING: Whooping Cough Outbreak

    06/09/2005 12:26:04 AM PDT · by ppaul · 211 replies · 11,722+ views
    Whooping Cough Outbreak Communities throughout the U.S. are experiencing whooping cough (pertussis) outbreaks - the worst in 40 years. If the school nurse or the health department informs you that there is a pertussis outbreak in your school or community, you may need to call your pediatrician. The school or health department will tell you if your child was directly exposed and requires antibiotics. Health departments across the country are acting quickly to prevent the spread of pertussis, so your cooperation in contacting your pediatrician is crucial. Please follow the instruction of the health department. The care of children in...
  • Cargo ship quarantined after crew member dies [possible Lassa Fever - Galveston]

    09/08/2004 5:55:12 AM PDT · by LurkedLongEnough · 2 replies · 360+ views
    Houston Chronicle ^ | September 7, 2004 | Houston Chronicle
    A cargo ship remains under quarantine about 10 miles off the Galveston shore after a crew member died Aug. 31 from an as-yet unidentified illness authorities said could be Lassa Fever or malaria. The ship, which had returned from a voyage to West Africa, was headed to Pasadena but voluntarily anchored offshore Sunday, Galveston County Health District spokesman Kurt Koopmann said. The county, along with the federal Centers for Disease Control and the Texas Department of Health Services, is investigating the unidentified man's death. The Galveston County Medical Examiner's Office will conduct an autopsy today, and samples will be sent...
  • New Jersey Man Dies of Rare Lassa Fever [took Liberia to Newark Flight]

    09/03/2004 3:01:43 PM PDT · by LurkedLongEnough · 11 replies · 729+ views
    WTOP - Washington, DC Radio ^ | September 3, 2004 | TOM BELL, AP
    TRENTON, N.J. (AP) - A New Jersey man who recently returned from a trip to Liberia has died of an illness that had not been detected in the United States since 1989 but is common in West Africa, state health officials said Thursday. The man died of Lassa fever, a virus spread through rat droppings or urine that can be passed to other people through bodily fluids but not through causal contact, officials said. The 38-year-old man from the Trenton area was not identified by authorities. It is unlikely that other passengers on the man's flight back from Africa or...
  • Cats Likely Source of SARS, Say Researchers (Chinese delicacy likely source of deadly virus)

    05/23/2003 9:17:52 AM PDT · by ppaul · 167 replies · 884+ views
    VOA News ^ | 5/23/03 | Katherine Maria
    A Hong Kong researcher says a wild animal considered a dining delicacy is the carrier of a virus that causes SARS. The finding fits earlier speculation that Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome originated in wild animals. Hong Kong University revealed Friday that the civet cat, a wild animal indigenous to southern China, is the likely source of the virus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Dr. K.Y. Yuen said researchers at the Shenzhen Center of Disease Control found four strains of the virus in a large percentage of civet cats. "From a special type of civet cat, we are able...
  • Tracking Bioterror's Tangled Course

    08/18/2002 10:34:02 AM PDT · by First_Salute · 5 replies · 209+ views
    [Please note, this is the complete December 26, 2001 article which is posted at UCLA, and they have cross-referenced it with many links to related discoveries in the news; for information and discussion purposes only.] [The article runs long, yet the collection includes many details not generally known by the public.] There was no commotion, no outcry. Except for the blond woman in the black dress sitting by herself in a back pew, no one knew that anything unusual had happened. Johanna C. Huden, a 31-year-old editorial assistant at The New York Post, had first noticed the strange blister on...
  • Some gay black men are keeping a deadly secret

    04/21/2002 7:31:42 AM PDT · by FairWitness · 22 replies · 2,731+ views
    St. LOuis Post-Dispatch ^ | 4-21-02 | Denise Hollinshed
    <p>There is a new front in the war against AIDS. When first discovered 20 years ago, the disease was taking a devastating toll among white gay men. Now it is the leading cause of death among African-Americans, ages 25 to 44. This story is the second in a series that describes the impact of AIDS in St. Louis.</p>