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Keyword: epigraphyandlanguage

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  • Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language

    07/27/2017 7:41:13 AM PDT · by martin_fierro · 61 replies
    Digital Journal ^ | JUL 21, 2017 | James Walker
    An artificial intelligence system being developed at Facebook has created its own language. It developed a system of code words to make communication more efficient. The researchers shut the system down as it prompted concerns we could lose control of AI. The observations made at Facebook are the latest in a long line of similar cases. In each instance, an AI being monitored by humans has diverged from its training in English to develop its own language. The resulting phrases appear to be nonsensical gibberish to humans but contain semantic meaning when interpreted by AI "agents." Negotiating in a new...
  • A Search for a Lost Hammer Led to the Largest Cache of Roman Treasure Ever Found in Britain

    01/18/2018 5:41:11 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 33 replies
    Smithsonian ^ | January 9, 2018 | Lorraine Boissoneault
    Romano-British citizens who no longer had the protection of the Roman Empire were so terrified of the raiding Saxons, Angles, Picts and others that they buried their most valuable belongings. According to an entry from 418 in the 9th-century text Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, "In this year the Romans collected all the treasures which were in Britain and hid some in the earth so that no one afterwards could find them, and some they took with them into Gaul." ... Because no organic materials survived in the Hoxne hoard, radiocarbon can't be used as a dating technique. Instead, archaeologists use the age...
  • Mysterious Inscription on the Great Pyramid

    01/29/2005 9:57:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 128 replies · 2,172+ views
    RobertSchoch.net ^ | 2004 | Robert Schoch
    The inscription shown below occurs above the original entrance of the Great Pyramid. I don't think it is original, but it could be relatively old. If you have any idea what it may mean, I would greatly appreciate hearing from you.
  • Deciphered telegram reveals the genocide (Armenian Genocide documented)

    01/15/2018 2:21:01 PM PST · by Texas Fossil · 33 replies
    AGOS ^ | 04.26.2017 | Taner Akcam
    Historian Taner Akçam decpihred the telegram by executive of Teşikilat-ı Mahsusa (Secret Organization) and Commitee of Union and Progress Bahaettin Şakir dated July 4, 1915. The telegram is about coordination of deportation and annihilation of Armenians. The letterhead on the telegram proves that it is indeed original.We have a telegram written by Bahaettin Şakir on July 4, 1915, which was sent to Governor Sabit Bey for delivering it to Elağız (Harput/Kharpet) Inspector of CUP Nazım Bey. The purpose of the telegram was to coordinate deportation and annihilation of Armenians. The telegram reads: “Are the Armenians who were deported from...
  • 18th Century one cent coin that was one of the first struck at the US Mint sells for $300,000

    01/06/2018 11:14:59 AM PST · by mairdie · 29 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 5 January 2018 | AP
    When is a penny worth $300,000? When it's one of the first copper coins struck at the U.S. Mint in Philadelphia, in 1793. The annual Florida United Numismatists (FUN) convention is being held in Tampa this week, and three historic coins, including the pricey penny, went up for auction Thursday evening. Mark Borckardt, a senior numismatist with Heritage Auctions in Dallas, said the George Washington-era penny is one of about 500 in existence. The 63rd annual FUN Convention also features 'over 600 dealer booths, a competitive exhibit area, 15 educational programs' and a host of other activities. FUN describes itself...
  • New Scanning Technique Allows Researchers to Read Words on Mummy Waste Wrap

    01/04/2018 3:32:11 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 12 replies
    Phys.org ^ | January 3, 2018 | Bob Yirka
    Researchers have known for many years that workers in ancient Egypt recycled papyrus for different purposes -- one particular use was creating decorated boxes into which mummies were placed. Papyrus scraps were glued together using paste and plaster, similar to modern paper-mch projects... The technique involved using a digital imaging method that interpreted light bounced back from a subject. Prior research had shown that the pigment in ink used by the ancient Egyptians over 2000 years ago could fluoresce under the proper infrared filter. By using such filters with digital imaging technology, the team was able to see the ink...
  • Rare, 2,700-year-old clay seal discovered in Jerusalem

    01/01/2018 3:47:23 PM PST · by SJackson · 20 replies
    Fox News ^ | Caleb Parke | Caleb Parke
    Israeli archaeologists made a rare discovery in the Western Wall Plaza, unearthing a 2,700-year-old clay seal impression that experts say belonged to a biblical governor of Jerusalem. The artifact, as first reported by Reuters, is inscribed in an ancient Hebrew script belonging to the governor of the city and was likely attached to a shipment or sent as a souvenir on behalf of the governor, the most prominent local position held in Jerusalem at the time, the Israel Antiquities Authority said. The impression, the size of a small coin, depicts two standing men, facing each other in a mirror-like manner...
  • 1st-Temple-period seal exposed in Kotel Plaza excavations

    12/31/2017 11:45:44 PM PST · by Eleutheria5 · 27 replies
    Arutz Sheva ^ | 1/1/18
    The Israel Antiquities Authority announced on Monday that a unique stamped piece of clay from the First Temple period, inscribed in ancient Hebrew script, was unearthed in the authority excavations in the Western Wall Plaza in Jerusalem's Old City. The artifact originally belonged to the governor of the city of Jerusalem the most prominent local position to be held in Jerusalem of 2700 years ago. According to the excavator, Dr. Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah, "the Bible mentions two governors of Jerusalem, and this finding thus reveals that such a position was actually held by someone in the city some 2700 years...
  • Biblical Artifacts Collected by anti-Nazi Polish Soldiers Found in Israel

    05/11/2017 8:48:00 AM PDT · by LouieFisk · 6 replies
    Haaretz.com ^ | May 09, 2017 | Nir Hasson
    In 1943 and 1944, thousands of Polish soldiers were stationed in the Middle East to prepare for a possible Nazi invasion. Many soldiers collected artifacts during this period, mostly coins but also clay lamps, figurines, glass vessels and even clay tablets with cuneiform inscriptions. Some of these finds were excavated by the soldiers themselves. Evidence of this can be seen in the Polish Cave at Tel Maresha, in Beit Guvrin National Park in central Israel, where a soldier evidently carved the Polish army emblem on a wall. Other parts of the collection were purchased at antiquities markets as souvenirs from...
  • Massive Scribal Hangovers: One Ninth Century Confession

    12/17/2017 8:40:13 PM PST · by ameribbean expat · 6 replies
    Medieval Irish scribes were habitually recording their emotional and physical state as they labored at the task of copying manuscripts. These scribal glosses range from pious prayers ("God bless my hands today" Laon MS 26, f18v) to curses on pens, parchment, and careless work by fellow scribes. ***** One Irish ninth century copy of a Latin grammar, the Institutiones grammaticae by Priscian (c. 500), contains alongside the usual prayers and complaints a curious marginal gloss in ogham script. Ogham script was used by the Irish possibly as early as the fourth century AD, mainly in grave monuments scattered over Ireland...
  • 17th century alchemist's scroll giving instructions for the 'elixir of life'

    12/17/2017 2:27:40 PM PST · by mairdie · 62 replies
    Daily Mail ^ | 17 December 2017 | Sophie Inge
    An incredibly rare 17th century alchemist's scroll giving instructions for the elixir of life has sold for a magical 585,000 [pounds]. The delicate manuscript was an illustrative methodology of 15th century scientist George Ripley's recipe for the philosophers' stone which made a potion that supposedly granted the drinker eternal life. It also gave instructions for turning base metals into gold. Although the instructions were impossibly cryptic - there is one reference to using dragon's blood - it didn't stop scholars of the time, including Sir Isaac Newton, giving it a go.
  • 1006 AD Supernova (Vanity)

    01/13/2006 7:51:03 PM PST · by Ptarmigan · 10 replies · 687+ views
    A bright star suddenly appears on April 30, 1006 near the star Beta Lupi in the constellation Lupus. This bright star is yellowish-white in color. The star gets brighter, bright to a point, it is brighter than Venus and half Moon. It has a magnitude of -9 at its peak. The star was visible for a year and it disappeared afterwards. The bright star was a supernova. Supernovas are when a star explodes. The Supernova is recorded in Korea, China, Japan, Mesopotamia, and Europe, often by astrologers. The supernova was seen as an omen. The remnants of the 1006 Supernova...
  • Native Americans Recorded Supernova Explosion

    06/05/2006 4:27:51 PM PDT · by blam · 140 replies · 2,420+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 6-5-2006 | Zeeya Merali - Kelly Young
    Native Americans recorded supernova explosion 16:45 05 June 2006 NewScientist.com news service Zeeya Merali and Kelly Young The Arizonan petroglyph may depict the supernova of 1006 AD - the star symbol is on the right and the constellation Scorpius on the left (Image: John Barentine, Apache Point Observatory) This double-sun petroglyph at Chaco Canyon National Monument in New Mexico may depict the supernova of 4 July 1054 (Image: Mark Lansing) There are numerous examples of rock art in the Chaco Canyon National Monument depicting celestial objects (Image: Mark Lansing) Prehistoric Native Americans may have carved a record of a supernova...
  • Did The Ancient Greeks And Native Americans Swap Starcharts?

    06/11/2006 6:18:49 PM PDT · by blam · 40 replies · 1,235+ views
    Live Science ^ | 6-12-2005 | Ker Than
    Did the Ancient Greeks and Native Americans Swap Starcharts? Author Ker Than I had a story on SPACE.com yesterday about a very cool discovery: a one-thousand year old petroglyph, or rock carving, that was found in Arizona and which might depict the supernova of 1006, or SN 1006. The carving is presumed to have been made an ancient group of Native Americans called the Hohokam. The researcher who made the discovery argues that symbols of a scorpion and stars on the petroglyph match the relative positions of SN 1006 to the constellation Scorpius when the star first exploded. Well, after...
  • Ancient forbidden Christian text of Jesus' 'secret teachings' to his 'brother' found

    12/05/2017 11:12:13 AM PST · by servo1969 · 61 replies
    Fox News ^ | 12-5-2017 | James Rogers
    Biblical scholars have discovered the first-known original Greek copy of an ancient forbidden Christian text that purportedly describes Jesus secret teachings to his brother James, an early leader of the Church. Geoffrey Smith and Brent Landau, religious studies scholars at The University of Texas at Austin, located the rare text in Oxford University archives earlier this year. The experts found several fifth- or sixth-century A.D. Greek fragments of the First Apocalypse of James, one of the books from an ancient collection known as the Nag Hammadi library. Previously, the text was thought to be preserved only via translations in the...
  • Apocalypse of James: Lost original Greek text of banned Bible book found at Oxford University

    12/01/2017 6:05:11 PM PST · by sparklite2 · 109 replies
    News.com AU ^ | December 2, 2017 | Jamie Seidel
    The Lord said, James, after these things I shall reveal to you everything, not for your sake alone but for the sake of the unbelief of men, so that faith may exist in them, a Coptic fragment reads. He seeks to reassure his brother everything is as it should be. He describes heaven. He gives James the passwords necessary to guarantee his entry. He gives advice on fighting supernatural challenges. He foretells future events. He warns James of the circumstances surrounding his own martyrdom. Many other Early Christian texts, some of them immensely popular, were among those banned. Names include...
  • Moses Vindicated

    11/27/2017 4:19:12 AM PST · by CondorFlight · 32 replies
    American Thinker ^ | Nov. 27, 2017 | Parrish
    3500 years ago slaves toiling in the harsh mines of the Sinai scribbled some graffiti on the desert rocks. One of them wrote: "Moses then provoked astonishment." That, plus a lot of other inscriptions, deserve more than a passing glance. ------ "He sought occasion to cut away to barrenness our great number, our swelling without measure." (Sinai 349) "Our bond servitude had lingered. Moses then provoked astonishment. It is a year of astonishment." (Sinai 361) Anyone familiar with the book of Exodus will immediately spot parallels with the account of Pharaoh's attempt to reduce the number of newborn Israelites; and...
  • Oldest alphabet identified as Hebrew: Ancient Israelites turned Egyptian hieroglyphics into letters?

    12/05/2016 8:02:55 PM PST · by SeekAndFind · 13 replies
    Science News ^ | 12/05/2016 | Bruce Bower
    The worlds earliest alphabet, inscribed on stone slabs at several Egyptian sites, was an early form of Hebrew, a controversial new analysis concludes. Israelites living in Egypt transformed that civilizations hieroglyphics into Hebrew 1.0 more than 3,800 years ago, at a time when the Old Testament describes Jews living in Egypt, says archaeologist and epigrapher Douglas Petrovich of Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo, Canada. Hebrew speakers seeking a way to communicate in writing with other Egyptian Jews simplified the pharaohs complex hieroglyphic writing system into 22 alphabetic letters, Petrovich proposed on November 17 at the annual meeting of the American...
  • Digital exploration of the Sculptor's Cave [Moray, Scotland]

    11/26/2017 3:36:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    Archaeology UK ^ | November 24, 2017 | Kathryn Krakowka
    During the late Bronze Age, the cave appears to have been a repository for precious objects, with finds ranging from bronze bracelets via pottery to a swan's neck pin. Large quantities of human remains have also been discovered - especially those of children - suggesting that the cave may have been a centre for funerary rites. Intriguingly, on the frontal bone of one child, there is evidence suggestive of deliberate defleshing. Some of the cave's most important features, however, are the Pictish symbols that can be found on the walls of its entrance passages. Problematically, the cave is only accessible...
  • The Struggle to Revive the Lost Native Language of Thanksgiving

    11/23/2017 12:11:37 PM PST · by righttackle44 · 14 replies
    Atlas Obscura ^ | November 22, 2017 | Natasha Frost
    Just a few decades ago, there were no living speakers of Wampanoag, the native tongue of the Cape Codbased Mashpee Wampanoag tribe. (Their ancestors famously shared a meal with the Pilgrims, 400 years ago.) Then, in 1993, Jessie Little Doe Baird, who was then in her 20s, had a series of dreams about her ancestors, she told Yankee magazine. They were speaking to her, but she couldnt understand them. A prophecy known to the tribe said that their lost language would come back when they were ready for it, revived by the children of those who had broken the language...