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Keyword: europa

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  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- The Surface of Europa

    05/19/2016 10:17:59 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 11 replies
    NASA ^ | Thursday, May 19, 2016 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: An enhanced-color view, this image covers a 350 by 750 kilometer swath across the surface of Jupiter's tantalizing moon Europa. The close-up combines high-resolution image data with lower resolution color data from observations made in 1998 by the Galileo spacecraft. Smooth ice plains, long fractures, and jumbled blocks of chaos terrain are thought to hide a deep ocean of salty liquid water beneath. Though the ice-covered alien ocean world is outside the Solar System's habitable zone, new studies show the potential chemistry driving its oxygen and hydrogen production, a key indicator of the energy available for life, could produce...
  • How Do We Terraform Jupiter’s Moons?

    04/22/2016 11:30:11 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 39 replies
    Within the Jupiter system, there are 67 confirmed moons of varying size, shape and composition. In honor of Jupiter’s namesake, they are sometimes collectively referred to as the Jovians. Of these, the four largest – Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto – are known as the Galileans (in honor of their founder, Galileo Galilei). These four moons are among the largest in the Solar System, with Ganymede being the largest of them all, and even larger than the planet Mercury. In addition, three of these moons – Europa, Ganymede and Callisto – are all believed or known to have interior oceans...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Europa: Discover Life Under the Ice [April Fool!]

    04/01/2016 6:59:54 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 2 replies
    NASA ^ | Friday, April 01, 2016 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Looking for an interplanetary vacation destination? Consider a visit to Europa, one of the Solar System's most tantalizing moons. Ice-covered Europa follows an elliptical path in its 85 hour orbit around our ruling gas giant Jupiter. Heat generated from strong tidal flexing by Jupiter's gravity keeps Europa's salty subsurface ocean liquid all year round. That also means even in the absence of sunlight Europa has energy that could support simple life forms. Unfortunately, it is currently not possible to make reservations at restaurants on Europa, where you might enjoy a dish of the local extreme shrimp. But you can...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Moons and Jupiter

    03/04/2016 12:25:38 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 4 replies
    NASA ^ | March 03, 2016 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Some of the Solar System's largest moons rose together on February 23. On that night, a twilight pairing of a waning gibbous Moon and Jupiter was captured in this sharp telescopic field of view. The composite of short and long exposures reveals the familiar face of our fair planet's own large natural satellite, along with a line up of the ruling gas giant's four Galilean moons. Left to right, the tiny pinpricks of light are Callisto, Io, Ganymede, [Jupiter], and Europa. Closer and brighter, our own natural satellite appears to loom large. But Callisto, Io, and Ganymede are actually...
  • We must stay in EU to unite against aggression, says David Cameron

    02/13/2016 12:14:32 AM PST · by Berlin_Freeper · 26 replies
    theguardian.com ^ | Friday 12 February | Mason, Perraudin, Oltermann
    Britain should stay in a reformed European Union so countries can stand together against the aggression of Russia, North Korea and Islamic State, David Cameron has said. At a dinner in Hamburg hosted by Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, the prime minister gave his strongest comments yet about what he sees as a need to stay in the EU for national security reasons.
  • German TV station adds Islamic crescent and star symbol to its logo!?! [Rape of Europa]

    01/18/2016 12:23:40 PM PST · by Jan_Sobieski · 32 replies
    Shoebat.com ^ | 1/18/2016 | Shoebat Foundation
    German Television station Tele5 has changed its logo to a German flag emblazoned with the Islamic star and crescent, just weeks after the New Year’s Eve Muslim migrant sex attacks in Cologne and Muslim terrorist attack in Istanbul. Tele5 justified the move on Twitter this afternoon, saying that it was a symbol "expressing our sympathy to the victims of yesterday's attack," on German tourists in Istanbul. The attack in Istanbul took the lives of 10 tourists, mostly Germans, in Sultanahmet square, near the Blue mosque and Hagia Sophia. According to Deputy Prime Minister Numan Kurtulmus, the suicide bomber who perpetrated...
  • The Rape of Europe [Warning from 2006]

    11/05/2015 11:43:42 AM PST · by Jan_Sobieski · 12 replies
    The Brussels Journal ^ | 10/25/2006 | Paul Belien
    The German author Henryk M. Broder recently told the Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant (12 October) that young Europeans who love freedom, better emigrate. Europe as we know it will no longer exist 20 years from now. Whilst sitting on a terrace in Berlin, Broder pointed to the other customers and the passers-by and said melancholically: "We are watching the world of yesterday." Europe is turning Muslim. As Broder is sixty years old he is not going to emigrate himself. "I am too old," he said. However, he urged young people to get out and "move to Australia or New Zealand....
  • Why the EU’s refugee crisis? ‘Lack of central authority’

    09/29/2015 2:44:14 AM PDT · by Olog-hai · 5 replies
    Associated Press ^ | Sep. 23, 2015 8:36 AM EDT | John-Thor Dahlburg
    The European Union has no border patrol. It’s one of the many ways in which the bloc lacks power, with its member countries jealously guarding their sovereign prerogative to enact their own laws about defense, police and coast guard. This vacuum of authority, and the failure of EU policy-makers to anticipate how events in faraway Libya or Syria might trigger the flood of refugees now swamping Europe, are some of the reasons the group of 28 European nations originally founded as a common market has failed to deal more firmly and effectively with what has mushroomed into a major humanitarian...
  • What About a Mission to Europa?

    07/27/2015 11:59:52 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 23 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on July 27, 2015 | Fraser Cain
    Jupiter’s moon Europa has the most water in the entire Solar System. If you took all the water on Earth, collected it into a big sphere, it would measure almost 1,400 kilometers across. Europa’s water would measure nearly 1,800 kilometers.All that water exists in a layer around Europa, encased in a layer of ice. ... According to the plan, a spacecraft will launch in the 2020s, carrying 9 instruments to Europa. Most will be familiar cameras, mass spectrometers, and the like, to study the surface of Europa to a high level of resolution. Over the course of 45 flybys, the...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Venus and Jupiter are Close

    07/02/2015 11:17:19 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 18 replies
    NASA ^ | July 02, 2015 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: On June 30, Venus and Jupiter were close in western skies at dusk. Near the culmination of this year's gorgeous conjunction, the two bright evening planets are captured in the same telescopic field of view in this image taken after sunset from Bejing, China. As the two bright planets set together in the west, a nearly Full Moon rose above the horizon to the south and east. Imaged that night with the same telescope and camera, the rising Moon from the opposite part of the sky is compared with the planetary conjunction for scale in the digitally composited image....
  • NASA Gives ‘GO’ for Mission to Alien Ocean World at Jupiter Moon Europa

    06/19/2015 4:48:20 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 11 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | Ken Kremer
    At long last NASA is heading back to Jupiter’s mysterious moon Europa and doing so in a big way – because scientists believe it harbors an alien ocean of water beneath an icy crust and therefore is “one of the most promising places in the solar system to search for signs of present-day life” beyond Earth. Top NASA officials have now formally and officially green lighted the Europa ocean world robotic mission and given it the “GO” to move from early conceptual studies into development of the interplanetary spacecraft and mission hardware, to search for the chemical constituents of life....
  • Tunneling Cryobot Robot May Explore Icy Moons

    06/15/2015 11:20:43 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 7 replies
    space.com ^ | Keith Cooper, Astrobiology Magazine
    Europa is back on the menu for exploration. NASA's budget for the 2016 fiscal year includes about $30 million for further development of the Europa Clipper concept, a mission to Europa that will seek possible signs of the icy moon's habitability. However, being potentially habitable is not the same as being inhabited. To find life, a mission will ultimately have to land on the surface and go under the ice to the ocean below. Europa Clipper, if and when it launches sometime around 2025, will carry out reconnaissance of the surface for safe and scientifically interesting places to land. Crucially,...
  • Weird Orbital Behaviors Offer Clues to the Origins of Pluto's Moons

    06/03/2015 3:29:55 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 13 replies
    smithsonianmag. ^ | June 3, 2015 1:00PM | Jay Bennett
    The dwarf planet Pluto and its system of five moons are about as mysterious as the underworld of antiquity that inspired their names. ... “We are still baffled by how the system formed,” says study co-author Mark Showalter, a senior research scientist at the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute. “I think everyone believes that, at some point in the distant past, a large object bashed into ‘proto-Pluto’ and the moons formed out of the debris cloud. However, after that point in the story, details get very sketchy.” Now, analysis of data collected from the Hubble Space Telescope following the...
  • NASA Selects Mission Science Instruments Searching for Habitability of Jupiter’s Ocean Moon Europa

    05/26/2015 5:06:39 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 11 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | Ken Kremer
    In a major move forward on a long dreamed of mission to investigate the habitability of the subsurface ocean of Jupiter’s mysterious moon Europa, top NASA officials announced today, Tuesday, May 26, the selection of nine science instruments that will fly on the agency’s long awaited planetary science mission to an intriguing world that many scientists suspect could support life. “We are on our way to Europa,” proclaimed John Grunsfeld, associate administrator for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington, at a media briefing today outlining NASA’s plans for a mission dedicated to launching in the early to mid-2020s. ... “The...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Jupiter Triple-Moon Conjunction

    03/07/2015 6:57:01 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 6 replies
    NASA ^ | February 06, 2015 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Our solar system's ruling giant planet Jupiter and 3 of its 4 large Galilean moons are captured in this single Hubble snapshot from January 24. Crossing in front of Jupiter's banded cloud tops Europa, Callisto, and Io are framed from lower left to upper right in a rare triple-moon conjunction. Distinguishable by colors alone icy Europa is almost white, Callisto's ancient cratered surface looks dark brown, and volcanic Io appears yellowish. The transiting moons and moon shadows can be identified by sliding your cursor over the image, or following this link. Remarkably, two small, inner Jovian moons, Amalthea and...
  • Griffith Observatory Extends Hours For Triple-Shadow Transit Of Jupiter’s Moons

    01/23/2015 1:25:35 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 6 replies
    Angelenos will get their chance Friday to witness a rare celestial event when the shadows of three of Jupiter’s largest moons will fall upon Jupiter at the same time. Griffith Observatory will stay open one hour later than normal to allow visitors who are already at the park to watch the triple-shadow transit as Jupiter’s three moons – Io, Europa, and Callisto – will cross the planet’s disk throughout the evening. Three moon shadows will not appear simultaneously on Jupiter again, from Los Angeles, until 2032, according to the Observatory. As if the triple shadow transit weren’t enough, there will...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Galileo's Europa Remastered

    11/29/2014 4:02:05 PM PST · by SunkenCiv · 15 replies
    NASA ^ | November 27, 2014 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Looping through the Jovian system in the late 1990s, the Galileo spacecraft recorded stunning views of Europa and uncovered evidence that the moon's icy surface likely hides a deep, global ocean. Galileo's Europa image data has been newly remastered here, using improved new calibrations to produce a color image approximating what the human eye might see. Europa's long curving fractures hint at the subsurface liquid water. The tidal flexing the large moon experiences in its elliptical orbit around Jupiter supplies the energy to keep the ocean liquid. But more tantalizing is the possibility that even in the absence of...
  • NASA’s “Remastered” View of Europa is the Best Yet

    11/22/2014 11:31:42 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 29 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | on November 21, 2014 | Matt Williams
    Europa, Jupiter’s sixth-closest moon, has long been a source of fascination and wonder for astronomers. Not only is it unique amongst its Jovian peers for having a smooth, ice-covered surface, but it is believed that warm, ocean waters exist beneath that crust – which also makes it a strong candidate for extra-terrestrial life. And now, combining a mosaic of color images with modern image processing techniques, NASA has produced a new version of what is perhaps the best view of Europa yet. And it is quite simply the closest approximation to what the human eye would see, and the next...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Potentially Habitable Moons

    09/20/2014 12:35:22 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 31 replies
    NASA ^ | September 19, 2014 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: For astrobiologists, these may be the four most tantalizing moons in our Solar System. Shown at the same scale, their exploration by interplanetary spacecraft has launched the idea that moons, not just planets, could have environments supporting life. The Galileo mission to Jupiter discovered Europa's global subsurface ocean of liquid water and indications of Ganymede's interior seas. At Saturn, the Cassini probe detected erupting fountains of water ice from Enceladus indicating warmer subsurface water on even that small moon, while finding surface lakes of frigid but still liquid hydrocarbons beneath the dense atmosphere of large moon Titan. Now looking...
  • Mystery of the missing Europa geysers: Disappearance of water vapour jets from Jupiter's moon...

    09/06/2014 10:04:58 AM PDT · by BenLurkin · 11 replies
    MailOnline ^ | 14:48 EST, 5 September 2014 | Jonathan O'Callaghan for
    Dr Kurt Retherford of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio told Space.com that he thought this was unlikely. ‘The best explanation still is plumes for that [December 2013] dataset, no doubt about it,’ he said. Another suggestion is that the plumes may be too small to see; indeed, even Cassini has struggled to spot vapour associated with the plumes being expelled into space. The previous evidence for the jets had come in the form of water vapour spotted by Hubble above Europa. Although several explanations were offered, Nasa was pretty sure this vapour was due to erupting plumes on...
  • Ideas Wanted for NASA Mission to Jupiter's Icy Moon Europa

    07/17/2014 2:38:08 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 28 replies
    space.com ^ | July 16, 2014 01:00pm ET | By Kelly Dickerson, Staff Writer
    According to the report, the future mission should focus on taking a closer look at the ocean that scientists suspect lies below the surface; characterizing its icy crust and looking for any subsurface liquid water; determining the surface composition and chemistry; examining surface features and identifying landing areas for future missions; and understanding the purpose of its magnetosphere — the magnetic field surrounding the celestial body. NASA officials said the instrument proposals should focus on at least one of these exploration goals. The announcement calls for instruments designed for a spacecraft that will orbit Europa or complete several flybys, since...
  • Why We Need to go to Europa

    03/09/2014 5:28:18 PM PDT · by lbryce · 46 replies
    FRom Quarks To Quasars ^ | March 7, 2014 | Staff
    NASA really wants to go to Europa, and anyone who knows anything about exobiology really wants NASA to go to Europa. Why? Water. On Earth, water is what fuels life. Of course, there are a lot of other things that fuel life on our planet, but water is an integral part of life as we know it. Indeed, so far all of our research has indicated that–where there is water, there is life (Earth isn’t called “the Pale Blue Dot” for nothing). And while it is possible that alien life could exists on other worlds and thrive off of...
  • Why Europa?

    02/19/2014 11:02:22 AM PST · by BenLurkin · 18 replies
    universetoday.com ^ | February 19, 2014 | Fraser Cain on
    Forget Mars, the place we really want to go looking for life is Jupiter’s moon Europa. Dr. Mike Brown, a professor of planetary science at Caltech, explains what he finds so fascinating about this icy moon, and the potential we might find life swimming in its vast oceans.
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- Gibbous Europa

    12/15/2013 4:12:25 AM PST · by SunkenCiv · 13 replies
    NASA ^ | December 15, 2013 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: Although the phase of this moon might appear familiar, the moon itself might not. In fact, this gibbous phase shows part of Jupiter's moon Europa. The robot spacecraft Galileo captured this image mosaic during its mission orbiting Jupiter from 1995 - 2003. Visible are plains of bright ice, cracks that run to the horizon, and dark patches that likely contain both ice and dirt. Raised terrain is particularly apparent near the terminator, where it casts shadows. Europa is nearly the same size as Earth's Moon, but much smoother, showing few highlands or large impact craters. Evidence and images from...
  • Mapping out the search for life on Jupiter's watery moon Europa

    08/08/2013 5:38:20 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 2 replies
    LATimes ^ | August 8, 2013, 4:29 p.m | Deborah Netburn
    "It does have the right ingredients," said Robert Pappalardo, a scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and lead author of a new study outlining what might be learned from a spacecraft that landed on the mysterious moon. Sending a lander to Europa is not officially part of NASA's plans, but the agency asked Pappalardo and a far-flung team of planetary scientists to lay out what they would hope to learn if and when a spacecraft landed on the tantalizing moon. In a study published in the journal Astrobiology, the team said it was mostly interested in Europa's chemical composition -...
  • Finally, a Sci-Fi Movie Heavy on the Science: “Europa Report”

    05/22/2013 7:07:55 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 35 replies
    UniverseToday ^ | May 22, 2013 | by Nancy Atkinson on
    The producers of a new movie called “Europa Report” have released a new trailer about their film, which features a near-future mission to Jupiter’s moon, Europa, in search of extraterrestrial life. From the trailer, the film looks to be of extremely high quality, and it stars Sharlto Copley (District 9), with music score from composer Bear McCreary (Battlestar Galactica, Eureka).
  • Ice blades threaten Europa landing

    03/21/2013 9:27:50 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 8 replies
    bbc ^ | 20 March 2013 Last updated at 06:06 ET | Paul Rincon
    Jupiter's icy moon Europa is a prime target for future space missions as it harbours a buried ocean that could have the right conditions for life. But attempts to land may face a major hazard: jagged "blades" of ice up to 10m long. A major US conference has heard the moon may have ideal conditions for icy spikes called "penitentes" to form. Scientists would like to send a lander down to sample surface regions where water wells up through the icy crust. These areas could allow a robotic probe to sample a proxy for ocean water that lies several kilometres...
  • Ocean bubbles up to surface of Jupiter's moon Europa

    03/06/2013 10:01:01 PM PST · by BenLurkin · 12 replies
    Space.com ^ | By Mike Wall
    The huge ocean sloshing beneath the icy shell of Jupiter's moon Europa likely makes its way to the surface in some places, suggesting astronomers may not need to drill down deep to investigate it, a new study reports. Scientists have detected chemicals on Europa's frozen surface that could only come from the global liquid-water ocean beneath, implying the two are in contact and potentially opening a window into an environment that may be capable of supporting life as we know it. "We now have evidence that Europa's ocean is not isolated — that the ocean and the surface talk to...
  • Astronomy Picture of the Day -- All the Water on Europa

    05/23/2012 9:15:19 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 32 replies
    NASA ^ | May 24, 2012 | (see photo credit)
    Explanation: How much of Jupiter's moon Europa is made of water? A lot, actually. Based on the Galileo probe data acquired during its exploration of the Jovian system from 1995 to 2003, Europa posses a deep, global ocean of liquid water beneath a layer of surface ice. The subsurface ocean plus ice layer could range from 80 to 170 kilometers in average depth. Adopting an estimate of 100 kilometers depth, if all the water on Europa were gathered into a ball it would have a radius of 877 kilometers. To scale, this intriguing illustration compares that hypothetical ball of all...
  • Liquid lakes close to moon's skin

    11/16/2011 11:27:03 AM PST · by decimon · 11 replies
    BBC ^ | November 16, 2011 | Jennifer Carpenter
    Scientists have found the best evidence yet for water just beneath the surface of Jupiter's icy moon, Europa.Analysis of the moon's surface suggests plumes of warmer water well up beneath its icy shell, melting and fracturing the outer layers. The results, published in the journal Nature, predict that small lakes exist only 3km below the crust. Any liquid water could represent a potential habitat for life. From models of magnetic forces, and images of its surface, scientists have long suspected that a giant ocean, roughly 160km (100 miles) deep, lies somewhere between 10-30km beneath the ice crust. Many astrobiologists have...
  • Arrivederci, Roma

    11/04/2011 2:02:23 PM PDT · by IbJensen · 17 replies
    CNS News ^ | 11/4/2011 | Patrick J. Buchanan
    Will popular democracy bring down the New World Order? A fair question. For Western peoples are growing increasingly reluctant to accept the sacrifices that the elites are imposing upon them to preserve that New World Order. Political support for TARP, to rescue the financial system after the Lehman Brothers collapse, is being held against any Republican candidate who backed it. Germans and Northern Europeans are balking at any more bailouts of Club Med deadbeats. Eighty-one members of David Cameron's party voted against him to demand a referendum on whether Britain should leave the European Union altogether, the worst Tory revolt...
  • Europe's Debt Woes Pose Opportunities for China

    09/22/2011 5:59:48 PM PDT · by AfricanChristian · 2 replies
    Beijing officials reaffirmed China's commitment to the euro currency and the European economy as uncertainty grows over whether E.U. officials can quickly recover from their debt crisis. In a statement to reporters, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said he hopes Europe has the ability and wisdom to overcome its debt crisis and ensure the safety of Chinese investments. Approximately 25 percent of China's huge $2.8 trillion foreign exchange reserves are invested in euro-dominated assets, making Beijing vulnerable if the currency declines. While some analysts say China must stay the course despite deepening crisis in member states such as Italy and...
  • Jupiter Moon's Ice-Covered Ocean Is Rich in Oxygen

    05/28/2010 5:01:20 AM PDT · by Frenchtown Dan · 39 replies · 598+ views
    Space.com ^ | Charles Q. Choi
    There may be enough oxygen in the waters of Jupiter's moon Europa to support millions of tons worth of fish, according to a new study. And while nobody is suggesting there might actually be fish on Europa, this finding suggests the Jovian satellite could be capable of supporting the kinds of life familiar to us here on Earth, if only in microbial form. Europa, which is roughly the size of Earth's moon, is enveloped by a global ocean about 100 miles deep (160 km), with an icy crust that may be only a few miles thick. From what we know...
  • Jupiter's Moon Europa Has Enough Oxygen For Life

    10/17/2009 11:29:53 AM PDT · by Dallas59 · 19 replies · 1,463+ views
    Physorg.com ^ | 10/16/2009 | NASA
    The global ocean on Jupiter’s moon Europa contains about twice the liquid water of all the Earth’s oceans combined. New research suggests that there may be plenty of oxygen available in that ocean to support life, a hundred times more oxygen than previously estimated. The chances for life there have been uncertain, because Europa’s ocean lies beneath several miles of ice, which separates it from the production of oxygen at the surface by energetic charged particles (similar to cosmic rays). Without oxygen, life could conceivably exist at hot springs in the ocean floor using exotic metabolic chemistries, based on...
  • New JPL mission will provide jobs, discoveries (Mission: study one of Jupiter's moons, Europa)

    02/20/2009 6:23:34 PM PST · by NormsRevenge · 6 replies · 483+ views
    San Gabriel Valley Tribune ^ | 2/20/09 | Tania Chatila
    LA CANADA FLINTRIDGE - Plans to move forward with an estimated $3-billion project to send a spacecraft to one of Jupiter's moons is ensuring jobs as much as its ensuring discoveries. Officials at the La Canada Flintridge-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory say a 10-year project resulting in a mission to Europa will offer some stability in a fleeting job market. "Right now we have another exploration goal," JPL spokeswoman Veronica McGregor said. "We do need future missions for our staff to be able to move on, to do more work. So, obviously having a new mission on our plate is fantastic."...
  • Strong ocean tidal flow and heating on moons of the outer planets

    12/23/2008 8:46:26 PM PST · by tricky_k_1972 · 15 replies · 985+ views
    Nature ^ | 11 December 2008 | Robert H. Tyler
    The scarred surface of Europa may be due to the push and pull of Jupiter's gravity (Image: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona/University of Colorado) Strong ocean tidal flow and heating on moons of the outer planets Robert H. Tyler Applied Physics Laboratory and Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, 1013 NE 40th Street, Seattle, Washington 98105, USA Correspondence to: Robert H. Tyler1Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to R.H.T. (Email: tyler@apl.washington.edu). Data from recent space missions have added strong support for the idea that there are liquid oceans on several moons of the outer planets, with Jupiter's moon...
  • Europa Here We Come: NASA Tests Under-Ice Sub with Eye Toward Jupiter

    02/16/2008 1:34:43 PM PST · by BGHater · 26 replies · 186+ views
    Scientific American ^ | 14 Feb 2008 | Larry Greenemeier
    If successful at mapping lake terrain Wisconsin and Antarctica, it could be used to search for life in the ocean on Jupiter's moon Researchers from NASA and the University of Illinois at Chicago atop the frozen surface of Wisconsin's Lake Mendota this week are preparing for interplanetary exploration. Below them, under a sheet of ice more than a foot (30 centimeters) thick, the space agency's new Environmentally Non-Disturbing Under-Ice Robotic Antarctic Explorer (ENDURANCE) maps the lake's underwater terrain. If this and subsequent voyages are successful, a similar vessel could be sent to navigate the suspected liquid water under the frozen...
  • Icy map to probe Europa's secrets (Jovian moon).

    03/15/2007 1:15:17 PM PDT · by Jedi Master Pikachu · 18 replies · 399+ views
    BBC ^ | Thursday, March 15, 2007 | Paul Rincon
    By Paul Rincon Science reporter, BBC News, Houston Scientists have created geological maps of Europa Scientists have produced a global geological map of Jupiter's moon Europa, which has been proposed as a destination for a future space mission. Interest in Europa has been fuelled by indications that a liquid water ocean lurks beneath its outer shell of ice. The mapping effort will help build a geological history of the enigmatic moon and target future explorations. A team at Arizona State University compiled the maps from data sent back by the US-European Galileo probe. Galileo explored the Jupiter system from...
  • Major space missions move ahead

    03/12/2007 3:18:29 PM PDT · by Jedi Master Pikachu · 12 replies · 439+ views
    BBC ^ | Monday, March 12, 2007 | Paul Rincon
    What should follow the great success of Cassini-Huygens? The European and US space agencies are moving ahead on their next major missions to explore the Solar System. Nasa has begun choosing a destination for a "flagship" robotic venture along the lines of Cassini-Huygens, which has been exploring Saturn and its moons. It is considering four targets: the Jupiter system, Jupiter's moon Europa, and Saturn's moons Enceladus and Titan. The European Space Agency has called for proposals for one flagship mission and another medium-sized mission. Europa, Titan and Enceladus are also among the destinations expected to be proposed under the...
  • Probe spies moon's volcanic plume (Jupiter's moon, Io).

    03/01/2007 1:49:02 AM PST · by Jedi Master Pikachu · 23 replies · 392+ views
    BBC ^ | Thursday, March 1, 2007
    The plume is seen as an umbrella-shaped feature in the long exposure image to the right Nasa's New Horizons spacecraft has sent back images of a huge volcanic eruption on Jupiter's moon Io.A massive dust plume, estimated to be 150m (490ft) high, can be seen erupting from the Tvashtar volcano on Io. On Wednesday, the US probe flew by Jupiter, using the planet's gravity to boost its speed, reducing the travel time to its ultimate target of Pluto. New Horizons also took photos of the icy moons Europa and Ganymede in the run-up to its encounter with Jupiter. Turning...
  • New Budget Delays or Cancels Much-Promoted NASA Missions

    Some of the most highly promoted missions on NASA's scientific agenda would be postponed indefinitely or perhaps even canceled under the agency's new budget, despite its administrator's vow to Congress six months ago that not "one thin dime" would be taken from space science to pay for President Bush's plan to send astronauts to the Moon and Mars. The cuts come to $3 billion over the next five years, even as NASA's overall spending grows by 3.2 percent this year, to $16.8 billion. Among the casualties in the budget, released last month, are efforts to look for habitable planets and...
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 21)

    12/23/2005 5:56:08 PM PST · by Safrguns · 73 replies · 1,079+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 86 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (19 gamers) World Of Warcraft (15 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (10 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thead 20)

    12/10/2005 8:50:50 PM PST · by Safrguns · 36 replies · 982+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 84 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (19 gamers) World Of Warcraft (15 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (10 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 19)

    11/22/2005 8:28:48 PM PST · by Safrguns · 47 replies · 1,171+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 76 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (17 gamers) World Of Warcraft (14 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (9 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 18)

    11/12/2005 3:49:27 PM PST · by Safrguns · 30 replies · 822+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 74 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (16 gamers) World Of Warcraft (13 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (8 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 17)

    11/05/2005 7:31:52 PM PST · by Safrguns · 10 replies · 593+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 72 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (16 gamers) World Of Warcraft (13 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (7 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 16)

    10/15/2005 6:21:33 PM PDT · by Safrguns · 53 replies · 989+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 71 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (16 gamers) World Of Warcraft (12 gamers) Unreal Tournament (9 gamers) City Of Heroes (8 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 15)

    10/01/2005 6:45:47 PM PDT · by Safrguns · 28 replies · 1,231+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 70 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (15 gamers) World Of Warcraft (12 gamers) City Of Heroes (8 gamers) Unreal Tournament (8 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 14)

    09/24/2005 10:15:41 PM PDT · by Safrguns · 29 replies · 2,140+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 68 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (15 gamers) World Of Warcraft (12 gamers) City Of Heroes (8 gamers) Unreal Tournament (8 gamers)
  • Freeping Gamers! (Thread 13)

    09/17/2005 8:36:30 PM PDT · by Safrguns · 61 replies · 1,165+ views
    If you are a Freeper, and also like online gaming, post here to find fellow gamers, share screen shots, reviews, helps, and tips. Gamer tables are updated and published weekly. We currently have 61 gamers playing over 60 different games. Top Games: Battlefield/Battlefield 2 (14 gamers) World Of Warcraft (11 gamers) City Of Heroes (8 gamers) Unreal Tournament (8 gamers)