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Keyword: federalistpapers

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  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #15

    12/20/2010 12:23:46 PM PST · by Publius · 24 replies · 3+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 20 December 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Addresses the Accountability of the Supreme CourtIt is the lack of accountability of the Supreme Court that irks Brutus, and the fact that it is supreme over all branches of government. Brutus #15 20 March 1788 1 I said in my last number that the Supreme Court under this Constitution would be exalted above all other power in the government and subject to no control. 2 The business of this paper will be to illustrate this and to show the danger that will result from it. 3 I question whether the world ever saw in any period of it...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #70

    12/13/2010 7:58:50 AM PST · by Publius · 8 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 13 December 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Addresses the Strength and Number of the ExecutiveShould the Executive Branch consist of one vigorous person, or should there be a plural executive of some kind? Hamilton takes on the various aspects of the issue. Federalist #70The Executive (Part 4 of 11) Alexander Hamilton, 18 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 There is an idea, which is not without its advocates, that a vigorous executive is inconsistent with the genius of republican government. 3 The enlightened well wishers to this species of government must at least hope that the supposition is...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #69

    12/09/2010 7:57:26 AM PST · by Publius · 1 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 9 December 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Engages in Comparisons to Other ExecutivesHamilton compares the powers of the powers of the American President to those of the King of England and the Governor of New York. Federalist #69The Executive (Part 3 of 11) Alexander Hamilton, 14 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 I proceed now to trace the real characters of the proposed Executive as they are marked out in the plan of the Convention. 3 This will serve to place in a strong light the unfairness of the representations which have been made in regard to it....
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #68

    12/06/2010 6:53:49 AM PST · by Publius · 13 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 6 December 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Examines How the President is to be ChosenHamilton takes a look at the procedure for electing the President and justifies the Electoral College. Federalist #68The Executive (Part 2 of 11) Alexander Hamilton, 14 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The mode of appointment of the Chief Magistrate of the United States is almost the only part of the system of any consequence which has escaped without severe censure or which has received the slightest mark of approbation from its opponents. 3 The most plausible of these who has appeared in print...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #67

    12/02/2010 8:16:13 AM PST · by Publius · 2 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 2 December 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Addresses the PresidencyIn this, the first of eleven essays on the topic, Hamilton etches the objections of the anti-Federalists to the Executive in acid. It is a literary tour de force and shows Hamilton at his argumentative best. Federalist #67The Executive (Part 1 of 11) Alexander Hamilton, 11 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The constitution of the Executive department of the proposed government claims next our attention. *** 3 There is hardly any part of the system which could have been attended with greater difficulty in the arrangement of it...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #66

    11/29/2010 8:07:41 AM PST · by Publius · 3 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 29 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Finishes the Series on the SenateHamilton addresses objections to the role of the Senate in trying impeachments. Federalist #66The Senate (Part 5 of 5) Alexander Hamilton, 11 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 A review of the principal objections that have appeared against the proposed court for the trial of impeachments will not improbably eradicate the remains of any unfavorable impressions which may still exist in regard to this matter. *** 3 The first of these objections is that the provision in question confounds legislative and judiciary authorities in the same...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #65

    11/26/2010 8:22:34 AM PST · by Publius · 13 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 26 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Tackles the Issue of ImpeachmentThe Constitution broke the impeachment process into several pieces, with each piece handled by a different branch. The House impeaches, and the Senate tries the case with the Chief Justice presiding. Hamilton defends the process invented by the Convention. Federalist #65The Senate (Part 4 of 5) Alexander Hamilton, 7 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The remaining powers which the plan of the Convention allots to the Senate in a distinct capacity are comprised in their participation with the Executive in the appointment to offices and in...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #64

    11/22/2010 7:59:21 AM PST · by Publius · 12 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 22 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    John Jay Returns to the FrayWhen it comes to the role of the Senate in treaties, who better to comment than one of America’s premier diplomats? John Jay weighs in on the issue of foreign relations. Federalist #64The Senate (Part 3 of 5) John Jay, 7 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 It is a just, and not a new, observation that enemies to particular persons, and opponents to particular measures, seldom confine their censures to such things only in either as are worthy of blame. 3 Unless on this principle, it...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #63

    11/18/2010 7:50:41 AM PST · by Publius · 3 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 18 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Turns to Ancient HistoryThe earnest professor of history analyzes the Senate with respect to its predecessors in ancient history and defines the case for a body less tempted to precipitous action than the House. Federalist #63The Senate (Part 2 of 5) James Madison, 1 March 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 A fifth desideratum illustrating the utility of a senate is the want of a due sense of national character. 3 Without a select and stable member of the government, the esteem of foreign powers will not only be forfeited by an...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #61

    11/11/2010 8:12:38 AM PST · by Publius · 2 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 11 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Addresses the Timing of ElectionsShould federal election be held at the same time for all states? Is there merit in leaving this to the customs of each state? Hamilton lays out the argument for uniformity. Federalist #61The Regulation of Elections (Part 3 of 3) Alexander Hamilton, 26 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The more candid [opponents] of the provision respecting elections contained in the plan of the Convention, when pressed in argument, will sometimes concede the propriety of that provision with this qualification, however, that it ought to have been...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #62

    11/15/2010 6:45:07 AM PST · by Publius · 10 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 15 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    All Three Authors Return to Dissect the SenateIn a tag-team operation, Madison and Hamilton discuss different aspects of the Senate, and even John Jay returns to examine the Senate’s role in treaties, something in which he was the national expert. First, Madison lays out the groundwork. Federalist #62The Senate (Part 1 of 5) James Madison, 27 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Having examined the constitution of the House of Representatives and answered such of the objections against it as seemed to merit notice, I enter next on the examination of the...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #59

    11/04/2010 7:51:14 AM PDT · by Publius · 5 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 4 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Returns to the FrayAfter an absence of several months, Alexander Hamilton returns to take up the issue of the conduct of federal elections. Federalist #59The Regulation of Elections (Part 1 of 3) Alexander Hamilton, 22 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The natural order of the subject leads us to consider in this place that provision of the Constitution which authorizes the National Legislature to regulate in the last resort the election of its own members. 3 It is in these words: “The times, places, and manner of holding elections for...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #60

    11/08/2010 7:51:03 AM PST · by Publius · 6 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 8 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Tackles the Issue of Social ClassWould the rules surrounding elections create a special class of men, separate from the people, who would occupy public office? Hamilton takes on a criticism based on social class. Federalist #60The Regulation of Elections (Part 2 of 3) Alexander Hamilton, 26 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 We have seen that an uncontrollable power over the elections to the federal government could not without hazard be committed to the state legislatures. 3 Let us now see what would be the danger on the other side, that...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #58

    11/01/2010 7:54:17 AM PDT · by Publius · 5 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 1 November 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Addresses the Census and Enlarging the HouseIn his final essay on the topic, Madison takes up three charges against the makeup of the House and addresses them. Federalist #58The House of Representatives (Part 7 of 7) James Madison, 20 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The remaining charge against the House of Representatives, which I am to examine, is grounded on a supposition that the number of members will not be augmented from time to time as the progress of population may demand. *** 3 It has been admitted that this...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #57

    10/28/2010 7:53:52 AM PDT · by Publius · 13 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 28 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Addresses the Quality of CongressmenMadison takes on the issue of what kind of men will be elected to the House and how the people can affect that. Federalist #57The House of Representatives (Part 6 of 7) James Madison, 19 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The third charge against the House of Representatives is that it will be taken from that class of citizens which will have least sympathy with the mass of the people and be most likely to aim at an ambitious sacrifice of the many to the aggrandizement...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #56

    10/25/2010 8:00:44 AM PDT · by Publius · 16 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 25 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Addresses the Size and Attributes of the HouseUsing comparisons to Great Britain and comparisons between the states, Madison lays out his case for defending the size of the House. Federalist #56The House of Representatives (Part 5 of 7) James Madison, 19 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The second charge against the House of Representatives is that it will be too small to possess a due knowledge of the interests of its constituents. *** 3 As this objection evidently proceeds from a comparison of the proposed number of representatives with the...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #55

    10/21/2010 8:08:11 AM PDT · by Publius · 18 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 21 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Tackles the Major Objections to the House of RepresentativesIn the fourth of seven essays, Madison lists the objections to the makeup of the House of Representatives and answers them in detail. Federalist #55The House of Representatives (Part 4 of 7) James Madison, 15 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The number of which the House of Representatives is to consist forms another, and a very interesting, point of view under which this branch of the Federal Legislature may be contemplated. 3 Scarce any article indeed in the whole Constitution seems to...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #12-2

    10/18/2010 8:06:27 AM PDT · by Publius · 9 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 18 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Takes on the Courts and the Necessary and Proper ClauseFinishing his essay from a week earlier, Brutus, likely Judge Robert Yates of New York, tackles the implications of the Necessary and Proper Clause and the effects of the federal courts on state sovereignty. Brutus #12, Part 2 14 February 1788 1 This same manner of explaining the Constitution will fix a meaning, and a very important one too, to the 18th clause of the same section which authorizes the Congress to make all laws which shall be proper and necessary for carrying into effect the foregoing powers, etc. 2...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #54

    10/14/2010 8:08:52 AM PDT · by Publius · 13 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 14 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Lays Out the Case for the Three-Fifths RuleMore like a lawyer than a historian, Madison states the Southern case and ties representation to taxation, noting the pitfalls in the Southern argument. Federalist #54The House of Representatives (Part 3 of 7) James Madison, 12 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The next view which I shall take of the House of Representatives relates to the appointment of its members to the several states which is to be determined by the same rule with that of direct taxes. *** 3 It is not...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #53

    10/04/2010 8:00:49 AM PDT · by Publius · 13 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 4 October 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Addresses the Terms of RepresentativesMadison further justifies the decision of the Convention to opt for biennial elections of representatives even though that was not the custom in the states. Federalist #53The House of Representatives (Part 2 of 7) James Madison, 12 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 I shall here perhaps be reminded of a current observation, “that where annual elections end, tyranny begins.” 3 If it be true, as has often been remarked, that sayings which become proverbial are generally founded in reason, it is not less true that when...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #52

    09/30/2010 7:56:14 AM PDT · by Publius · 8 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 30 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Lays the Groundwork for the House of RepresentativesIn this, the first of seven papers, Madison examines the House from the perspective of frequency of elections and the qualifications for representatives. Federalist #52The House of Representatives (Part 1 of 7) James Madison, 8 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 From the more general inquiries pursued in the four last papers, I pass on to a more particular examination of the several parts of the government. 3 I shall begin with the House of Representatives. *** 4 The first view to be taken...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #51

    09/27/2010 7:54:34 AM PDT · by Publius · 7 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 27 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Divides and Subdivides the Federal GovernmentIn his last essay in this series, Madison takes the federal government apart, much like a watch, and in a general sense examines what makes the individual parts reinforce republican principles. Federalist #51Separation of Powers (Part 5 of 5) James Madison, 8 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 To what expedient, then, shall we finally resort for maintaining in practice the necessary partition of power among the several departments as laid down in the Constitution? 3 The only answer that can be given is that as...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #12-1

    09/23/2010 7:47:27 AM PDT · by Publius · 7 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 23 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Dissects the PreambleBrutus, likely Judge Robert Yates of New York, begins a two-part essay in which he examines the Judiciary branch and the consequences of the Preamble. Brutus #12, Part 1 7 February 1788 1 In my last, I showed that the judicial power of the United States under the first clause of the Second Section of Article Eight would be authorized to explain the Constitution, not only according to its letter, but according to its spirit and intention, and having this power, they would strongly incline to give it such a construction as to extend the powers of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #50

    09/20/2010 7:55:43 AM PDT · by Publius · 3 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 20 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Further Addresses Constitutional RevisionsThe professor of history shines a light on the problems of constitutional revision within Pennsylvania and extends his findings to how to control passions within such an event. Federalist #50Separation of Powers (Part 4 of 5) James Madison, 5 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 It may be contended perhaps that instead of occasional appeals to the people, which are liable to the objections urged against them, [periodic] appeals are the proper and adequate means of preventing and correcting infractions of the Constitution. *** 3 It will be...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #49

    09/16/2010 8:02:09 AM PDT · by Publius · 8 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 16 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Discusses the Principles for Changing a ConstitutionIn a purely generic sense, Madison looks at the principles behind performing major surgery to a constitution, examining the interplay between the three departments of government and the people. Federalist #49Separation of Powers (Part 3 of 5) James Madison, 5 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The author of the Notes on the State of Virginia, quoted in the last paper, has subjoined to that valuable work the draft of a constitution which had been prepared in order to be laid before a convention expected...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #48

    09/13/2010 7:50:32 AM PDT · by Publius · 14 replies · 2+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 13 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Looks at Virginia and PennsylvaniaThe earnest professor of history examines the state governments of Virginia and Pennsylvania with a fine-tooth comb, comparing how the states separate their powers. Federalist #48Separation of Powers (Part 2 of 5) James Madison, 1 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 It was shown in the last paper that the political apothegm there examined does not require that the legislative, executive and judiciary departments should be wholly unconnected with each other. 3 I shall undertake in the next place to show that unless these departments be so...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #47

    09/09/2010 7:54:59 AM PDT · by Publius · 56 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 9 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Surveys the State GovernmentsStarting with the British government, the earnest professor of history looks at the state governments to find how their designs differ from the plan of the Convention and the proposed Constitution. Federalist #47Separation of Powers (Part 1 of 5) James Madison, 1 February 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Having reviewed the general form of the proposed government and the general mass of power allotted to it, I proceed to examine the particular structure of this government and the distribution of this mass of power among its constituent parts....
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #46

    09/02/2010 7:56:47 AM PDT · by Publius · 13 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 2 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Explains How the States Can Resist Federal TyrannyIn this, one of the most important papers by Madison, he explains the means and mechanisms by which the states can resist a federal government that has escaped its constitutional prison. Federalist #46The Supposed Danger of the Union to the State Governments (Part 2 of 2) James Madison, 29 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Resuming the subject of the last paper, I proceed to inquire whether the federal government or the state governments will have the advantage with regard to the predilection and...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #11

    09/07/2010 7:35:49 AM PDT · by Publius · 24 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 7 September 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Attacks the JudiciaryBrutus, most likely Judge Robert Yates of New York, takes on the persona of a legal neophyte in his dissection of the Judiciary Branch under the Constitution. Brutus #11 31 January 1788 1 The nature and extent of the judicial power of the United States proposed to be granted by this Constitution claims our particular attention. *** 2 Much has been said and written upon the subject of this new system on both sides, but I have not met with any writer who has discussed the judicial powers with any degree of accuracy. 3 And yet it...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #43

    08/16/2010 7:47:48 AM PDT · by Publius · 7 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 16 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Tackles Some Miscellaneous but Controversial IssuesMadison may have thought that these issues were worth a brief mention for lack of controversy, but as it turned out, they would leads to issues that would blow up a few generations hence. Federalist #43The Powers to be Vested in the Union (Part 3 of 4) James Madison, 22 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The fourth class comprises the following miscellaneous powers: *** 1. 3 A power “to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing, for a limited time, to authors...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #45

    08/30/2010 7:56:16 AM PDT · by Publius · 14 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 30 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Addresses Whether the States Have Anything to Fear from the UnionMadison now works to assure the states that they have nothing to fear from the Union and the federal government. Federalist #45The Supposed Danger of the Union to State Governments (Part 1 of 2) James Madison, 26 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Having shown that no one of the powers transferred to the federal government is unnecessary or improper, the next question to be considered is whether the whole mass of them will be dangerous to the portion of authority...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #10

    08/19/2010 7:54:02 AM PDT · by Publius · 4 replies · 2+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 19 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Challenges the Existence of a Standing ArmyBrutus, most likely Judge Robert Yates of New York, takes on the issue of the Constitution allowing any kind of standing army, turning to history for support. Brutus #10 24 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The liberties of a people are in danger from a large standing army, not only because the rulers may employ them for the purposes of supporting themselves in any usurpations of power which they may see proper to exercise, but there is great hazard that an army will subvert...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #44

    08/26/2010 7:48:37 AM PDT · by Publius · 10 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 26 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Finishes His Survey of Federal PowersMadison takes on some more miscellaneous powers to be granted the federal authority to include one, involving the money supply, that would create problems later on. Federalist #44The Powers to be Vested in the Union (Part 4 of 4) James Madison, 25 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 A fifth class of provisions in favor of the federal authority consists of the following restrictions on the authority of the several States: *** 1. 3 “No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #42

    08/12/2010 7:54:29 AM PDT · by Publius · 8 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 12 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Explores Other Powers of the UnionMadison details other powers to be ceded to the Union as part of the Constitution. Federalist #42The Powers to be Vested in the Union (Part 2 of 4) James Madison, 22 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The second class of powers lodged in the general government consists of those which regulate the intercourse with foreign nations, to wit: to make treaties, to send and receive ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and offenses...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #41

    08/09/2010 7:56:01 AM PDT · by Publius · 11 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 9 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Examines the Powers Granted to the Federal GovernmentMadison examines closely the issue of national security and the means of funding the organs of national security. Federalist #41The Powers to be Vested in the Union (Part 1 of 4) James Madison, 19 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The Constitution proposed by the Convention may be considered under two general points of view. 3 The first relates to the sum or quantity of power which it vests in the government, including the restraints imposed on the states. 4 The second, to the...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #40

    08/05/2010 7:16:14 AM PDT · by Publius · 22 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 5 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Defends the Actions of the ConventionMadison contrasts the authorization from the states to call the Convention with the congressional resolution that attempted to define its purview. He carefully parses them to show that what the Convention did was consonant with both mandates, and he builds the case that the Convention’s solution was the only one that would work. Federalist #40Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles (Part 2 of 2) James Madison, 18 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The second point to be examined is whether the Convention were authorized...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #39

    08/02/2010 7:59:07 AM PDT · by Publius · 7 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 2 August 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Parses the Federal and National Aspects of the ConstitutionMadison begins by comparing the new Constitution to the various state constitutions, and then examines aspects of the Constitution as they may be “federal” or “national” in character. Federalist #39Conformity of the Plan to Republican Principles (Part 1 of 2) James Madison, 16 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The last paper having concluded the observations which were meant to introduce a candid survey of the plan of government reported by the Convention, we now proceed to the execution of that part of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #37

    07/26/2010 7:44:29 AM PDT · by Publius · 8 replies · 4+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 26 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Madison Takes Over the Heavy LiftingThe earnest professor of history takes over from Hamilton, making a general case for what the Convention did, as a prelude to a series of 21 highly detailed papers to follow. Federalist #37The Difficulties of the Convention in Formulating a Plan (Part 1 of 2) James Madison, 11 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 In reviewing the defects of the existing Confederation and showing that they cannot be supplied by a government of less energy than that before the public, several of the most important principles of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #29

    07/22/2010 8:12:41 AM PDT · by Publius · 12 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 22 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Finishes His Thoughts on the MilitiaFinished with his responses to Brutus on the issue of taxation, Hamilton now takes his final thoughts on the militia out of his desk drawer and sends it off to the newspaper for publication. Federalist #29The Militia Alexander Hamilton, 10 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The power of regulating the militia and of commanding its services in times of insurrection and invasion are natural incidents to the duties of superintending the common defense and of watching over the internal peace of the Confederacy. *** 3...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #36

    07/19/2010 7:55:43 AM PDT · by Publius · 6 replies · 1+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 19 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Wraps Up His Response to BrutusIn his final paper on the subject, Hamilton wraps up his thoughts on taxation. Federalist #36Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 7 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 8 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 We have seen that the result of the observations to which the foregoing number has been principally devoted is that from the natural operation of the different interests and views of the various classes of the community, whether the representation of the people be more or less numerous, it will consist almost...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #35

    07/15/2010 7:50:02 AM PDT · by Publius · 6 replies · 2+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 15 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Addresses Taxation and the Makeup of Congress It is time for Hamilton to address the details of his plans for basing federal taxes on imposts, and he addresses the issue of what kind of representation Congress should have. Federalist #35Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 6 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 5 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Before we proceed to examine any other objections to an indefinite power of taxation in the Union, I shall make one general remark, which is that if the jurisdiction of the national government...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #34

    07/12/2010 7:36:13 AM PDT · by Publius · 4 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 12 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Compares State and Federal NeedsHamilton addresses the needs of the states and the federal government with respect to taxation, to include the prospect of future wars. Federalist #34Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 5 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 4 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 I flatter myself it has been clearly shown in my last number that the particular states, under the proposed Constitution, would have coequal authority with the Union in the article of revenue except as to duties on imports. 3 As this leaves open to the...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Cato #7

    07/08/2010 6:26:43 AM PDT · by Publius · 8 replies · 2+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 8 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Cato Enters the Fray Criticizing the Electoral ProcessSamuel Bryan’s Pennsylvania Minority Report was a 10,000 word behemoth that laid out the case for the anti-Federalists in a definitive manner. From now on, when the anti-Federalists speak, they will concentrate on specific issues rather than take a general approach. Gov. George Clinton of New York, the likeliest candidate for Cato, now addresses perceived weaknesses in how the Constitution defines the process of holding elections. With Hamilton buried deep in his responses to Brutus, he doesn’t get around to answering Cato until a series of papers starting with Federalist #59 some seven...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #33

    07/03/2010 12:02:38 PM PDT · by Publius · 5 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 3 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Explains the Necessary and Proper ClauseIt is time for Hamilton to engage in the exegesis of that clause in the Constitution through which future governments would march entire legal and bureaucratic armies. He executes this work with panache – and attitude. Federalist #33Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 4 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 3 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 The residue of the argument against the provisions of the Constitution in respect to taxation is ingrafted upon the following clause. 3 The last clause of the 8th Section of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #32

    07/01/2010 7:53:28 AM PDT · by Publius · 2 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 1 July 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Conflicts between State and Federal Authorities with Respect to TaxationHamilton addresses the taxation question with respect to possible conflicts between the states and the federal government. Federalist #32Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 3 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 3 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 Although I am of opinion that there would be no real danger of the consequences which seem to be apprehended to the state governments from a power in the Union to control them in the levies of money, because I am persuaded that the sense of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #30

    06/24/2010 7:20:26 AM PDT · by Publius · 10 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 24 June 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Returns to TaxationAfter Brutus’ attack, Hamilton put Federalist #29 back in his desk drawer, put quill pen to hemp paper, and wrote the first of seven essays to refute his old colleague. The issue of defense could wait a few weeks; the issue of taxation could not. Hamilton starts by laying the foundation of his case that the method of taxation available to the federal government was insufficient not only to its present needs but to the possibility of future war. Federalist #30Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 1 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 28 December 1787 1 To...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #31

    06/28/2010 8:13:07 AM PDT · by Publius · 9 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 28 June 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Takes the Euclidian Approach to TaxationAt first it reads like a lesson in geometry, but Hamilton takes it down a different path, laying the background for the next five essays in response to Brutus. Federalist #31Concerning the General Power of Taxation (Part 2 of 7) Alexander Hamilton, 1 January 1788 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 In disquisitions of every kind, there are certain primary truths or first principles upon which all subsequent reasonings must depend. 3 These contain an internal evidence which, antecedent to all reflection or combination, commands the assent of...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #28

    06/17/2010 6:30:15 AM PDT · by Publius · 14 replies · 167+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 17 June 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Builds the Case for Military InterventionHamilton addresses the possibility of insurrections and the need for a military that can put them down. Federalist #28The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in RegardTo the Common Defense Considered (Part 3 of 3) Alexander Hamilton, 26 December 1787 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 That there may happen cases in which the national government may be necessitated to resort to force cannot be denied. 3 Our own experience has corroborated the lessons taught by the examples of other nations: That emergencies of this sort will sometimes...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Brutus #6

    06/21/2010 7:49:27 AM PDT · by Publius · 50 replies
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 21 June 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Brutus Opens a New FrontUp until now the anti-Federalist writers had written in general against adopting the Constitution as sent to the states for ratification, arguing for a bill of rights. Some had fired broadsides, while others had applied the surgeon’s scalpel. Brutus – most likely Judge Robert Yates of New York, a delegate to the Constitutional Convention who had walked out, and a colleague of Hamilton – opens up a new front by concentrating on taxation, attacking Hamilton in the area in which he was expert and had given the most thought. This would prompt Hamilton to abruptly shift...
  • FReeper Book Club: The Debate over the Constitution, Federalist #27

    06/14/2010 8:00:04 AM PDT · by Publius · 3 replies · 151+ views
    A Publius/Billthedrill Essay | 14 June 2010 | Publius & Billthedrill
    Hamilton Examines the Attitude of the People to Their GovernmentIn this short paper, Hamilton looks at how the familiarity of the people with the federal government in their daily lives will bind the people to that government. Federalist #27The Idea of Restraining the Legislative Authority in RegardTo the Common Defense Considered (Part 2 of 3) Alexander Hamilton, 25 December 1787 1 To the People of the State of New York: *** 2 It has been urged in different shapes that a constitution of the kind proposed by the Convention cannot operate without the aid of a military force to execute...