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Keyword: genes

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  • MSU research: Genes may influence popularity

    12/22/2008 5:44:21 PM PST · by CE2949BB · 6 replies · 308+ views
    EurekAlert! ^ | 22-Dec-2008
    EAST LANSING, Mich. — A groundbreaking study of popularity by a Michigan State University scientist has found that genes elicit not only specific behaviors but also the social consequences of those behaviors.
  • Spanish Inquisition left genetic legacy in Iberia

    12/05/2008 1:47:19 PM PST · by forkinsocket · 25 replies · 1,131+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 04 December 2008 | Ewen Callaway
    It's not often that cultural and religious persecution makes countries more diverse, but the Spanish Inquisition might have done just that. One in five Spaniards and Portuguese has a Jewish ancestor, while a tenth of Iberians boast North African ancestors, finds new research. This melting pot probably occurred after centuries of coexistence and tolerance among Muslims, Jews and Christians ended in 1492, when Catholic monarchs converted or expelled the Islamic population, called Moriscos. Sephardic Jews, whose Iberian roots extend to the first century AD, received much the same treatment. "They were given a choice: convert, go, or die," says Mark...
  • Genes of Sephardic Jews still strong in Spain

    12/05/2008 12:21:36 PM PST · by decimon · 18 replies · 957+ views
    Reuters ^ | Dec. 5, 2008 | Teresa Larraz
    MADRID (Reuters) – From the 15th century on, Spain's Jews were mostly expelled or forced to convert, but today some 20 percent of Spanish genes can be traced to Sephardic Jews, a study has found. A report in the American Journal of Human Genetics says almost a fifth of Spaniards' genes are of Sephardic Jewish origin and another 11 percent can be traced to North Africa. "The genetic composition of the current population is the legacy of our diverse cultural and religious past," one of the report's authors, Francesc Calafell, from the evolutionary biology faculty at Pompeu Fabra University in...
  • Doctor heals leukemia patient of AIDS

    11/12/2008 2:53:31 PM PST · by Flavius · 6 replies · 794+ views
    the local ^ | 11/12/08 | the local
    Berlin doctor has reportedly cured a leukemia patient of the deadly AIDS virus, German daily Die Welt reported on Wednesday. For two years now, Dr. Gero Hütter has found no trace of the virus in the 42-year-old American living Berlin, whom he has treated for leukemia at the city’s Charité hospital. The man is AIDS-free despite the fact that he stopped taking his medication for AIDS after the treatment, the paper reported, calling the development a “sensation.”
  • Genetics, DNA - strong Proof of Jews' roots to the land of Israel, not so for Arabs / "palestinians"

    10/18/2008 7:49:39 PM PDT · by PRePublic · 9 replies · 638+ views
    Genetics, DNA - strong Proof of (almost all) Jews' roots to the land of Israel, not so for Arabs /"palestinians" [The "palestinian" Arabs as "cousins" MYTH]Jews and their neighbors: The Middle East With Jews looking increasingly like a relatively cohesive population largely of Middle Eastern origin, the logical next question is how close a genetic relationship exists with other Middle Eastern groups. A study of Israeli Jews and Palestinian Arabs published in 2000 by Israeli researchers revealed what the authors described as "a relatively recent common ancestry." It was greeted with euphoric proclamations that Palestinians and Jews are "brothers." A...
  • Jews and Their DNA

    09/07/2008 9:41:27 AM PDT · by Pharmboy · 31 replies · 435+ views
    Commentary Magazine ^ | Sept, 2008 | Hillel Halkin
    Eight years ago, I published an article in these pages called "Wandering Jews—and Their Genes" (September 2000). At the time I was working on a book about a Tibeto-Burmese ethnic group in the northeast Indian states of Mizoram and Manipur, many of whose members believe that they descend from the biblical tribe of Manasseh, and about a group of Judaizers among them known as the B'nei Menashe, over a thousand of whom live today in Israel as converts to Judaism. This led me to an interest in Jewish historical genetics, then a new discipline. Historical genetics itself was still a...
  • Marriage problems? Husband's genes may be to blame

    09/02/2008 6:33:28 PM PDT · by Pharmboy · 31 replies · 388+ views
    Reuters via Yahoo! ^ | Tue Sep 2, 2008 | Maggie Fox
    The same gene that affects a rodent's ability to mate for life may affect human marriages, Swedish and U.S. researchers reported on Tuesday. Men carrying a common variation of gene involved in brain signaling were more likely to be in unhappy marriages than men with the other version, the team at the Karolinska Institute found. Although they are not sure what the genetic changes do to a man's behavior, some other research suggests it has to do with the ability to communicate and empathize, the team reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "We never looked at...
  • The Genetic Map of Europe

    08/17/2008 2:13:47 PM PDT · by forkinsocket · 72 replies · 267+ views
    The NY Times ^ | August 13, 2008 | NICHOLAS WADE
    Biologists have constructed a genetic map of Europe showing the degree of relatedness between its various populations. All the populations are quite similar, but the differences are sufficient that it should be possible to devise a forensic test to tell which country in Europe an individual probably comes from, said Manfred Kayser, a geneticist at the Erasmus University Medical Center in the Netherlands. The map shows, at right, the location in Europe where each of the sampled populations live and, at left, the genetic relationship between these 23 populations. The map was constructed by Dr. Kayser, Dr. Oscar Lao and...
  • Genes could explain memory differences between men and women

    07/20/2008 5:52:36 AM PDT · by Soliton · 15 replies · 105+ views
    Telegraph ^ | 20/07/2008 | Richard Gray
    When it comes to memory it is clear that men and women are simply not on the same wavelength. While men may fail to match a woman's ability to remember the date of an anniversary, they are better at storing a seemingly endless cache of facts and figures. Scientists believe they have now uncovered the reason for this difference between the sexes – they make the memories in different ways.
  • Gene found that lets you hold your drink

    07/20/2008 5:43:30 AM PDT · by Soliton · 9 replies · 110+ views
    Scotland on Sunday ^ | 20 July 2008 | Gareth Rose
    RESEARCHERS believe they have discovered two genes which allow people to hold their drink. Carriers of one or both genes can process alcohol through the body quickly. One effect is that it halves the chance of developing mouth, throat and oesophageal cancer.
  • The Luxurious Growth

    07/18/2008 3:28:57 PM PDT · by forkinsocket · 4 replies · 47+ views
    The NY Times ^ | July 15, 2008 | DAVID BROOKS
    We all know the story of Dr. Frankenstein, the scientist so caught up in his own research that he arrogantly tried to create new life and a new man. Today, if you look at people who study how genetics shape human behavior, you find a collection of anti-Frankensteins. As the research moves along, the scientists grow more modest about what we are close to knowing and achieving. It wasn’t long ago that headlines were blaring about the discovery of an aggression gene, a happiness gene or a depression gene. The implication was obvious: We’re beginning to understand the wellsprings of...
  • Study finds genetic link to violence, delinquency

    07/14/2008 12:01:34 PM PDT · by Pharmboy · 36 replies · 172+ views
    Reuters via Yahoo! ^ | 7-14-08 | Maggie Fox, Health and Science Editor
    Three genes may play a strong role in determining why some young men raised in rough neighborhoods or deprived families become violent criminals, while others do not, U.S. researchers reported on Monday. One gene called MAOA that played an especially strong role has been shown in other studies to affect antisocial behavior -- and it was disturbingly common, the team at the University of North Carolina reported. People with a particular variation of the MAOA gene called 2R were very prone to criminal and delinquent behavior, said sociology professor Guang Guo, who led the study. "I don't want to say...
  • The Secret To Long Life May Not Be In The Genes

    05/05/2008 9:14:22 PM PDT · by blam · 14 replies · 131+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 5-6-2008 | Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona.
    The Secret To Long Life May Not Be In The Genes ScienceDaily (May 6, 2008) — A research on the bone health of one of the oldest persons in the world, who recently died at the age of 114, reveals that there were no genetic modifications which could have contributed to this longevity. The research team, directed by Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona professor Adolfo Díez Pérez, pointed out a healthy lifestyle, a Mediterranean diet, a temperate climate and regular physical activity as the reasons for his excellent health. The research team studied the bone mass and analysed the genetics of...
  • Technique Traces Origins Of Disease Genes In Mixed Human Populations

    04/09/2008 7:14:50 PM PDT · by blam · 6 replies · 97+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 4-9-2008 | Washington University in St. Louis
    Technique Traces Origins Of Disease Genes In Mixed Human Populations ScienceDaily (Apr. 9, 2008) — A team of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and the Israeli Institute of Technology (Technion) in Haifa has developed a technique to detect the ancestry of disease genes in hybrid, or mixed, human populations. The technique, called expected mutual information (EMI), determines how a set of DNA markers is likely to show the ancestral origin of locations on each chromosome. The team constructed an algorithm for the technique that selects panels of DNA markers that render the best picture of ancestral origin of...
  • Fear in the genes - Fear is partly down to your genes, but this process changes as you grow older.

    04/09/2008 12:09:28 AM PDT · by neverdem · 11 replies · 69+ views
    Nature News ^ | 8 April 2008 | Susan Brown
    If snakes strike terror in your toddler’s heart, he might still grow to be brave. A tendency toward fearfulness does have genetic underpinnings, but those shift several times as children become adults, a study has found. The worries of adolescents differ from those of young children — fear of the dark gives way to squeamishness about blood in a well-documented developmental progression. Now, psychiatrist Kenneth Kendler of the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond and his colleagues have found that the genetic factors that leave a person prone to fear also shift during development. To tease apart the effect of...
  • Genes Trigger Phobias In Kids And Teens

    04/07/2008 6:41:48 PM PDT · by blam · 18 replies · 77+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 4-7-2008 | Jim Giles
    Genes trigger phobias in kids and teens 21:00 07 April 2008 NewScientist.com news service Jim Giles Our response to the things that scare us, from threatening men on dark streets to hairy spiders in the bath, is programmed to become active at different times in our lives, suggest two studies on the genetics of fear. Scientists already know that fears and phobias are shaped in part by genes. Identical twins, for example, are more likely to develop phobias for the same objects, such as snakes or rats, than non-identical twins. But less is known about when the genes involved act...
  • 'Ruthlessness gene' discovered - Dictatorial behaviour may be partly genetic, study suggests.

    04/05/2008 8:27:42 PM PDT · by neverdem · 38 replies · 553+ views
    Nature News ^ | 4 April 2008 | Michael Hopkin
    Could a gene be partly responsible for the behaviour of some of the worlds most infamous dictators? Selfish dictators may owe their behaviour partly to their genes, according to a study that claims to have found a genetic link to ruthlessness. The study might help to explain the money-grabbing tendencies of those with a Machiavellian streak — from national dictators down to 'little Hitlers' found in workplaces the world over. Researchers at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem found a link between a gene called AVPR1a and ruthless behaviour in an economic exercise called the 'Dictator Game'. The exercise allows players...
  • Natural Selection Protected Some East Asian Populations From Alcoholism, Study Suggests

    04/03/2008 5:55:20 PM PDT · by blam · 25 replies · 70+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 4-3-2008 | Yale University
    Natural Selection Protected Some East Asian Populations From Alcoholism, Study Suggests ScienceDaily (Apr. 3, 2008) — Some change in the environment in many East Asian communities during the past few thousand years may have protected residents from becoming alcoholics, a new genetic analysis conducted by Yale School of Medicine researchers suggests. Scientists have long known that many Asians carry variants of genes that help regulate alcohol metabolism. Some of those genetic variants can make people feel uncomfortable, sometimes even ill, when drinking small amounts of alcohol. As a result of the prevalence of this gene, many, but not all, communities...
  • Happiness can be inherited, research finds

    03/06/2008 9:44:08 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 19 replies · 242+ views
    Reuters via Yahoo ^ | 3-6-08 | Michael Kahn
    You can't buy happiness but it looks like you can at least inherit it, British and Australian researchers said on Thursday. A study of nearly 1,000 pairs of identical and non-identical twins found genes control half the personality traits that make people happy while factors such as relationships, health and careers are responsible for the rest of our well-being. "We found that around half the differences in happiness were genetic," said Tim Bates, a researcher at the University of Edinburgh who led the study. "It is really quite surprising." The researchers asked the volunteers -- ranging in age from 25...
  • "Methuselah" Mutation Linked to Longer Life

    03/05/2008 2:29:57 PM PST · by forkinsocket · 17 replies · 268+ views
    Scientific American ^ | March 4, 2008 | JR Minkel
    Study of long-lived Ashkenazi Jews may yield longevity genes galore A type of gene mutation long known to extend the lives of worms, flies and mice also turns up in long-lived humans. Researchers found that among Ashkenazi Jews, those who survived past age 95 were much more likely than their peers to possess one of two similar mutations in the gene for insulinlike growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R). The mutations seem to make cells less responsive than normal to insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF1), a key growth hormone secreted by the liver. In past studies, IGF1 disruption increased the life...
  • White Genetically Weaker Than Blacks, Study Finds

    02/22/2008 11:13:54 AM PST · by Sopater · 135 replies · 1,570+ views
    Fox News ^ | Friday, February 22, 2008
    White Americans are both genetically weaker and less diverse than their black compatriots, a Cornell University-led study finds. Researchers analyzed the genetic makeup of 20 Americans of European ancestry and 15 African-Americans. The Europeans showed much less variation among 10,000 tested genes than did the Africans, which was expected, but also that Europeans had many more possibly harmful mutations than did African, which was not.
  • Genetic Study Ties Siberians To People In Americas

    02/22/2008 6:51:51 AM PST · by blam · 35 replies · 241+ views
    Yahoo News ^ | 2-22-2008 | Will Dunham - Maggie Fox
    Genetic study ties Siberians to people in Americas By Will Dunham Thu Feb 21, 5:08 PM ET WASHINGTON (Reuters) - People indigenous to Siberia have strong genetic links to native peoples in the Americas, according to a study further supporting the theory that humans first entered the Americas over a land bridge across the Bering Strait. Scientists at Stanford University in California combed through the genes of 938 people from 51 places, looking at 650,000 DNA locations in each person. The study, in the journal Science on Thursday, revealed similarities and differences among various populations. "This is the highest resolution...
  • Unravelling The North West’s (UK) Viking Past

    02/08/2008 2:52:36 PM PST · by blam · 15 replies · 430+ views
    Alpha Galileo ^ | 2-8-2008 | Molecular Biology and Evolution
    Unravelling the North West’s Viking past08 February 2008 The blood of the Vikings is still coursing through the veins of men living in the North West of England — according to a new study which has been just published. Focusing on the Wirral in Merseyside and West Lancashire the study of 100 men, whose surnames were in existence as far back as medieval times, has revealed that 50 per cent of their DNA is specifically linked to Scandinavian ancestry. The collaborative study, by The University of Nottingham, the University of Leicester and University College London, reveals that the population in...
  • Rat Genes Shed Light On Ancient Human Migrations

    02/01/2008 2:42:13 PM PST · by blam · 9 replies · 98+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 2-1-2008 | Emma Young
    Rat genes shed light on ancient human migrations 15:16 01 February 2008 NewScientist.com news service Emma Young One of humanity’s greatest scourges – the black rat – may help health experts track the spread of disease. New work probing Rattus rattus’s origins and historical movements should help health officials track its ongoing dispersal – and might also explain anomalies in its spread of diseases such as typhus and plague. Ken Aplin at CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems in Canberra, Australia, and colleagues have analysed the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of 170 black rats from 76 regions in 32 countries. They also surveyed other...
  • Not Your Father's Genome

    01/15/2008 7:55:39 PM PST · by neverdem · 26 replies · 119+ views
    familypracticenews.com ^ | 1 January 2008 | GREG FEERO, M.D., PH.D.
    DR. FEERO is a family physician with a doctorate in human genetics from the University of Pittsburgh. He is a senior adviser for genomic medicine in the Office of the Director at the National Human Genome Research Institute. Our understanding of the genome is changing rapidly and drastically. For starters, the Human Genome Project has revealed that humans are, on a numerical basis, genetically less complex than a mustard plant (Arabidopsis). In fact, our genome contains between 20,000 and 25,000 sequences suggestive of “genes” encoding proteins, whereas Arabidopsis contains about 27,000. If that doesn't make much sense to you, don't...
  • Is the availability of genetic information dangerous?

    01/11/2008 3:42:24 PM PST · by forkinsocket · 3 replies · 149+ views
    thebulletin.org ^ | 9 January 2008 | Roundtable
    The genetic information of organisms--as varied as goldfish and geraniums--is widely available to the global public. So are the biologic codes for many viruses, such as variola (which causes smallpox) and poliovirus. The advance of biological technologies that allow for the construction of specific genetic sequences raises the harrowing possibility that someone, somewhere would use available genetic information to unleash a biological attack. The quandary facing scientists in the life sciences is similar to the issues that confronted scientists at the dawn of the nuclear age: Can potentially dangerous knowledge be made secret? Or should it be kept widely available?...
  • Japan scientists develop fearless mice

    12/13/2007 6:02:32 PM PST · by Pharmboy · 38 replies · 151+ views
    Associated Press ^ | 12-13-07 | KAORI HITOMI
    In this undated photo released by Tokyo University's Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry Graduate School of Science, a genetically modified mouse approaches a cat in Tokyo. Using genetic engineering, scientists at Tokyo University say they have successfully switched off the rodents' instinct to cower at the smell or presence of cats, showing that fear is genetically hardwired and not leaned through experience, as commonly believed. (AP Photo/Ko and Reiko Kobayakawa, Tokyo University Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry Graduate School of Science, HO) Cat and mouse may never be the same. Japanese scientists say they've used genetic engineering to create...
  • When She's Turned On, Some Of Her Genes Turn Off, Fish Study Shows

    12/12/2007 1:21:52 PM PST · by blam · 23 replies · 421+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 12-12-2007 | University of Texas at Austin.
    When She's Turned On, Some Of Her Genes Turn Off, Fish Study Shows ScienceDaily (Dec. 12, 2007) — When a female is attracted to a male, entire suites of genes in her brain turn on and off, show biologists from The University of Texas at Austin studying swordtail fish. Molly Cummings and Hans Hofmann found that some genes were turned on when females found a male attractive, but a larger number of genes were turned off. "When females were most excited--when attractive males were around--we observed the greatest down regulation [turning off] of genes," said Cummings, assistant professor of integrative...
  • Human Evolution Seems to Be Accelerating (Jews evolved from "financing!")

    12/11/2007 8:28:45 AM PST · by squireofgothos · 144 replies · 930+ views
    above-average intelligence in Ashkenazi Jews — those of northern European heritage — resulted from natural selection in medieval Europe, where they were pressured into jobs as financiers, traders, managers and tax collectors. Those who were smarter succeeded, grew wealthy and had bigger families to pass on their genes, they suggested. That evolution also is linked to genetic diseases such as Tay-Sachs and Gaucher in Jews. The new study was funded by the Department of Energy, the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institute of Aging, the Unz Foundation, the University of Utah and the University of Wisconsin.
  • Generosity 'May Be In The Genes'

    12/08/2007 8:37:02 PM PST · by blam · 7 replies · 109+ views
    BBC ^ | 12-9-2007
    Generosity 'may be in the genes' People had to decide whether to keep money, or give it away Some people may be genetically destined to have a generous personality, Israeli research has suggested. A total of 203 people took part in an online task in which they could either keep or give away money. Gene tests revealed those who had certain variants of a gene called AVPR1a were on average nearly 50% more likely to give money away. The study, by The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, appears online in the journal Genes, Brain and Behavior. Lead researcher Dr Ariel Knafo...
  • Human Genome Has Four Times More Imprinted Genes Than Previously Identified

    11/30/2007 2:03:41 PM PST · by blam · 7 replies · 80+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 11-30-2007 | Duke University Medical Center.
    Human Genome Has Four Times More Imprinted Genes Than Previously IdentifiedIn classic genetics, children inherit two copies of a gene, one from each parent, and both actively shape how the child develops. But in imprinting, one of those copies is turned off by molecular instructions coming from either the mother or the father. (Credit: Jane Ades, NHGRI) ScienceDaily (Nov. 30, 2007) — Scientists at Duke University have created the first map of imprinted genes throughout the human genome, and they say a modern-day Rosetta stone -- a form of artificial intelligence called machine learning -- was the key to their...
  • Pedophilia may be the result of faulty brain wiring

    11/28/2007 7:11:40 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 51 replies · 81+ views
    Centre for Addiction and Mental Health ^ | 11-28-07 | Michael Torres
    MRIs link pedophilia to problems in brain development For Immediate Release – November 28, 2007 (TORONTO) – Pedophilia might be the result of faulty connections in the brain, according to new research released by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). The study used MRIs and a sophisticated computer analysis technique to compare a group of pedophiles with a group of non-sexual criminals. The pedophiles had significantly less of a substance called “white matter” which is responsible for wiring the different parts of the brain together. The study, published in the Journal of Psychiatry Research, challenges the commonly held...
  • Cancer-resistant mouse discovered

    11/27/2007 5:58:10 AM PST · by Pharmboy · 49 replies · 650+ views
    University of Kentucky ^ | 27-Nov-2007 | Amy Ratliff
    LEXINGTON, Ky. (November 27, 2007) − A mouse resistant to cancer, even highly-aggressive types, has been created by researchers at the University of Kentucky. The breakthrough stems from a discovery by UK College of Medicine professor of radiation medicine Vivek Rangnekar and a team of researchers who found a tumor-suppressor gene called "Par-4" in the prostate. The researchers discovered that the Par-4 gene kills cancer cells, but not normal cells. There are very few molecules that specifically fight against cancer cells, giving it a potentially therapeutic application. Funded by several grants from the National Institutes of Health, Rangnekar's study is...
  • Created Equal (from: William Saletan's Liberal Creationism)

    11/21/2007 2:00:22 PM PST · by shrinkermd · 12 replies · 176+ views
    Slate ^ | 18 November 2007 | William Salatan
    ...wish these assurances were true. They aren't. Tests do show an IQ deficit, not just for Africans relative to Europeans, but for Europeans relative to Asians. Economic and cultural theories have failed to explain most of the pattern, and there's strong preliminary evidence that part of it is genetic. It's time to prepare for the possibility that equality of intelligence, in the sense of racial averages on tests, will turn out not to be true. If this suggestion makes you angry—if you find the idea of genetic racial advantages outrageous, socially corrosive, and unthinkable—you're not the first to feel that...
  • How Science Is Rewriting the Book on Genes

    11/12/2007 1:32:15 AM PST · by neverdem · 19 replies · 109+ views
    The Washington Post ^ | November 12, 2007 | David Brown
    Everyone who goes to medical school hears this story at some point.Graduation day comes and the new doctors assemble to get their diplomas. The dean gazes out and announces sheepishly: "I'm sorry to tell you that half of what we taught you is wrong. The problem is, we don't know which half."Nowhere has this been more evident than in genetics.The rules of inheritance, and hints of the biological mechanisms behind them, were first elucidated by Gregor Mendel in the 1860s. Over the ensuing 130 years, scientists gained insight at a molecular level into how biological information is recorded, preserved, used...
  • Crops That Shut Down Pests' Genes

    11/06/2007 8:33:55 AM PST · by BGHater · 9 replies · 69+ views
    Technology Review ^ | 05 Nov 2007 | Katherine Bourzac
    Monsanto is developing genetically modified plants that use RNA interference to kill the insects that eat them. Researchers have created plants that kill insects by disrupting their gene expression. The crops, which initiate a gene-silencing response called RNA interference, are a step beyond existing genetically modified crops that produce toxic proteins. Because the new crops target particular genes in particular insects, some researchers suggest that they will be safer and less likely to have unintended effects than other genetically modified plants. Others warn that it is too early to make such predictions and that the plants should be carefully tested...
  • Gene Master - How a private researcher won the race to decode the human genome

    11/02/2007 1:26:08 AM PDT · by neverdem · 8 replies · 654+ views
    Wall Street Journal ^ | October 27, 2007 | RONALD BAILEY
    Craig Venter is not a man who is inclined to underestimate himself. But then why should he? He beat the government's science bureaucrats in the race to decode the human genome. Fueled by $3 billion in taxpayer money, the federal Human Genome Project had waddled along for years until Mr. Venter, in 1998, managed to come up with private funding for a $300 million parallel research effort, Celera Genomics. He announced that his team would sequence the genome -- mapping the three billion DNA base-pairs that make up all 26,000 or so human genes (plus tracking long stretches of currently...
  • Diet Choices 'Written In Genes'

    10/23/2007 12:30:30 PM PDT · by blam · 27 replies · 45+ views
    BBC ^ | 10-23-2007
    Diet choices 'written in genes' Our genes and not just our upbringing may play a key role in our food likes and dislikes, UK researchers believe. Experts from Kings College London compared the eating habits of thousands of pairs of twins. Identical twins were far more likely to share the same dietary patterns - like a penchant for coffee and garlic - suggesting tastes may be inherited. A health psychologist said this meant childhood food foibles might be harder to put right than previously thought. We have assumed that our upbringing and social environment determine what we like to eat....
  • I am creating artificial life, declares US gene pioneer (How can this be good news?)

    10/06/2007 1:24:37 PM PDT · by yankeesdoodle · 95 replies · 1,526+ views
    The Guardian UK ^ | 10-06-07 | Ed Pilkington
    Craig Venter, the controversial DNA researcher involved in the race to decipher the human genetic code, has built a synthetic chromosome out of laboratory chemicals and is poised to announce the creation of the first new artificial life form on Earth. The announcement, which is expected within weeks and could come as early as Monday at the annual meeting of his scientific institute in San Diego, California, will herald a giant leap forward in the development of designer genomes. It is certain to provoke heated debate about the ethics of creating new species and could unlock the door to new...
  • Synthetic chromosome developed

    10/06/2007 5:30:52 AM PDT · by CarrotAndStick · 23 replies · 671+ views
    The Times of India ^ | 6 Oct 2007, 1536 hrs IST | PTI
    LONDON: Controversial US scientist Craig Venter claimed to have constructed a synthetic chromosome using chemicals made from the laboratory, a step towards the creation of first new artificial life form on Earth. "This landmark will be a very important philosophical step in the history of our species. We are going from reading our genetic code to the ability to write it. That gives us the hypothetical ability to do things never contemplated before," sources reported on Saturday, quoting Venter as saying. He is expected to announce the discovery -- a feat of bio-engineering never previously achieved -- within weeks. According...
  • New Method Can Reveal Ancestry Of All Genes Across Many Different Genomes

    09/12/2007 2:25:56 PM PDT · by blam · 9 replies · 484+ views
    Science Daily ^ | 9-11-2007 | Massachusetts Institute Of Technology
    Source: Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Date: September 11, 2007 New Method Can Reveal Ancestry Of All Genes Across Many Different Genomes Science Daily — The wheels of evolution turn on genetic innovation -- new genes with new functions appear, allowing organisms to grow and adapt in new ways. But deciphering the history of how and when various genes appeared, for any organism, has been a difficult and largely intractable task. A scanning electron micrograph of one of the seventeen fungal species analyzed in the study. (Credit: Image courtesy / Janice Carr, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Now a team...
  • In Lebanon, DNA may yet heal rifts

    09/09/2007 8:12:40 PM PDT · by Pharmboy · 13 replies · 960+ views
    Reuters via Yahoo ^ | 9-9-07 | Anon
    Lebanese geneticist Pierre Zalloua takes a saliva sample form a Lebanese man to test his DNA in a university laboratory near Byblos ancient city in north Lebanon, in this August 17, 2007 file photo. Zalloua following the genetic footprint of the ancient Phoenicians says he has traced their modern-day descendants, but stumbled into an old controversy about identity in his country. (Jamal Saidi/Files/Reuters) A Lebanese scientist following the genetic footprint of the ancient Phoenicians says he has traced their modern-day descendants, but stumbled into an old controversy about identity in his country. Geneticist Pierre Zalloua has charted the spread...
  • Britain set to okay hybrid embryo research

    09/05/2007 4:15:28 PM PDT · by Tolerance Sucks Rocks · 6 replies · 324+ views
    One News Now ^ | September 5, 2007 | Jim Brown
    A British pro-life group warns that a new type of embryo research, likely to be approved this week by a U.K. government panel, undermines human dignity. Britain's Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority is expected to give a green light this week to U.K. laboratories seeking to create the first animal-human embryos for medical research using eggs taken from dead cows. British scientists want to use the hybrid embryos in order to research genetic diseases. Anthony Ozimic, political secretary for the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, opposes the embryo-destructive research. He says that an "a-nucleated" cow egg will only...
  • Smoking stays in your genes after you quit - Cigarette habit may leave a molecular mark.

    09/01/2007 9:08:37 PM PDT · by neverdem · 94 replies · 2,016+ views
    news@nature.com ^ | 30 August 2007 | Heidi Ledford
    Close window Published online: 30 August 2007; | doi:10.1038/news070827-5 Smoking stays in your genes after you quitCigarette habit may leave a molecular mark.Heidi LedfordGene expression changes brought on by heavy smoking may persist long after the smoker has kicked the habit, researchers have found. The results could provide a molecular explanation for the continued increased risk of lung cancer and other pulmonary ailments among former smokers. When smokers quit, their bodies gradually begin to undo the damage cigarettes have wrought. But contrary to popular belief, not all of the body's systems make a full recovery. Although the risk of...
  • Archaeological sensation in Oestfold [ Inca remains from 11th c Norway? ]

    06/26/2007 11:34:20 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 35 replies · 1,285+ views
    Norway Post ^ | Tuesday, June 26, 2007 | Rolleiv Solholm (NRK)
    Norwegian arhaeologists are puzzled by a find which indicates an Inca Indian died and was buried in the Oestfold city of Sarpsborg 1000 years ago. The remains of two elderly men and a baby were discovered during work in a garden, and one of the skulls indicates that the man was an Inca Indian. There is a genetic flaw in the neck, which is believed to be limited to the Incas in Peru, says archaeologist Mona Beate Buckholm. The Norway Post suggests that maybe the Vikings travelled even more widely than hitherto believed? Why could not the Viking settlers in...
  • Jumping 'Junk' DNA May Fuel Mammalian Evolution ('Junk' DNA not junk at all...ID Vindicated Again)

    06/21/2007 5:55:18 PM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 61 replies · 1,318+ views
    Scientific American ^ | April 23, 2007 | JR Minkel
    Tiny, jumping bits of DNA are looking less like genomic junk and more like significant players in mammalian evolution, according to a new analysis...
  • Genes behind serious illnesses discovered

    06/06/2007 5:46:27 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 11 replies · 968+ views
    The London Telegraph (UK) ^ | June 6, 2007 | Roger Highfield and Stephen Adams
    A dramatic genetic breakthrough has paved the way for potential new treatments of seven common diseases that could help more than 20 million people. The largest ever study of its kind has found 10 new genes linked to seven of the most common ailments: heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, high blood pressure, type 1 and type 2 diabetes, bipolar disorder and Crohn’s disease. Some 200 British scientists from 50 research groups collaborated to discover the genes after screening DNA from 17,000 people. Dr Mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust, the UK’s largest medical research charity, was optimistic about the study’s...
  • Genes Take Charge, and Diets Fall by the Wayside

    05/10/2007 12:15:05 AM PDT · by neverdem · 32 replies · 1,404+ views
    NY Times ^ | May 8, 2007 | GINA KOLATA
    It was 1959. Jules Hirsch, a research physician at Rockefeller University, had gotten curious about weight loss in the obese. He was about to start a simple experiment that would change forever the way scientists think about fat. Obese people, he knew, had huge fat cells, stuffed with glistening yellow fat. What happened to those cells when people lost weight, he wondered. Did they shrink or did they go away? He decided to find out. It seemed straightforward. Dr. Hirsch found eight people who had been fat since childhood or adolescence and who agreed to live at the Rockefeller University...
  • Corals: More Complex Than You ?(Possess More Genes Than Humans)

    05/07/2007 7:52:50 AM PDT · by SirLinksalot · 7 replies · 217+ views
    25 April 2007 Corals: More complex than you? The humble coral may possess as many genes – and possibly even more – than humans do. And remarkably, although it is very distant from humans in evolutionary terms, it has many of the immune system genes that protect people against disease. In fact, it is possible some of these were pioneered by corals. Corals are among the simplest animals in the world – yet they may possess a set of genes as large and complex as our own, says Professor David Miller of the ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef...
  • US To Outlaw Corporate Prejudice Based On Genes (Your DNA)

    05/06/2007 4:29:07 PM PDT · by blam · 39 replies · 833+ views
    New Scientist ^ | 4-6-2007
    US to outlaw corporate prejudice based on genes 10:00 06 May 2007 From New Scientist Print Edition. Soon it will be illegal to deny US citizens jobs or insurance simply because they have an inherited illness, or a genetic predisposition to a particular disease. On 25 April, the House of Representatives voted 420 to 3 to pass the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA). The Senate is expected to endorse the act within a few weeks, which is also supported by President Bush. "I am so stunned by the majority," says Sharon Terry, president of the Genetic Alliance, a charity lobbying...