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Keyword: geneticengineering

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  • CRISPR Gene-Editing Can Cause Hundreds of Unexpected Mutations

    05/29/2017 8:13:36 PM PDT · by Ciaphas Cain · 12 replies
    Science Alert ^ | May 30, 2017 | Bec Crew
    It's been hailed as one of the most potentially transformative inventions in modern medicine, bringing the prospect of designer babies closer than any other technology to date, but CRISPR-Cas9 could be riskier than we thought. The technology that could spark a gene-editing revolution has been caught introducing hundreds of unintended mutations into the genome, and with scientists already testing it in humans, it's set off some serious alarm bells. "We feel it's critical that the scientific community consider the potential hazards of all off-target mutations caused by CRISPR, including single nucleotide mutations and mutations in non-coding regions of the genome,"...
  • Joule Unlimited On Track To Beat All Known Biofuel Processes

    03/02/2011 2:44:33 PM PST · by Wonder Warthog · 73 replies
    BioFuel Daily ^ | 2/25/2011 | Staff Writers
    Joule Unlimited has invented a genetically-engineered organism that it says simply secretes diesel fuel or ethanol wherever it finds sunlight, water and carbon dioxide. The Cambridge, Mass.-based company says it can manipulate the organism to produce the renewable fuels on demand at unprecedented rates, and can do it in facilities large and small at costs comparable to the cheapest fossil fuels. Joule's process directly yields hydrocarbons that are fungible with existing diesel infrastructure, unlike the biodiesel product that is produced from algal oil. Highlights include: Based on empirical measurements, Joule can directly produce 15,000 gallons of diesel per acre annually,...
  • Modest but Meaningful Protection from Human Embryo Genetic Manipulation

    12/17/2015 5:54:12 PM PST · by Kaslin · 2 replies ^ | December 17, 2015 | David A. Prentice
    Genetically-manufactured babies, gene-manipulated human embryos, human-animal chimeras, human clones—all science fiction, right? No, these various types of laboratory-manufactured human embryos are already reality. Last spring, Chinese scientists announced they had experimented with genetic manipulation of human embryos, and scientists in the U.S. want to join in the experiments, also recently approved in law in the U.K. At a recent Washington, D.C. conference, instead of thoroughly debating the ethical concerns, American, British, and Chinese genetic engineers discussed the "glorious potential" of gene-modified humans seeking ways to further, not hinder, experimentation. The headlong rush ignores concerns for safety, ethics, alternatives, and public...
  • Algae has been engineered to kill cancer cells and leave healthy cells unharmed

    11/24/2015 10:23:18 PM PST · by Mellonkronos · 6 replies ^ | November 12, 2015 | SIGNE DEAN
    [This is really encouraging!]"Algae has been engineered to kill cancer cells and leave healthy cells unharmed" 90% of cancer cells destroyed! Scientists have genetically engineered tiny algae to kill up to 90 percent of cancer cells in the lab, while leaving healthy ones unharmed, and the treatment has also been shown to effectively treat tumours in mice without doing damage to the rest of the body. Developing medicine that only attacks tumour cells and leaves the rest of the body alone is one of the biggest challenges in cancer drug therapy. Such targeted chemotherapy helps to avoid some of the...
  • Reprogramming Cancer Cells Back to Normal Cells

    08/28/2015 10:15:36 AM PDT · by Mellonkronos · 10 replies
    Neuroscience News ^ | August 26, 2015
    [If this pans out, it would not only be one of the great advances in medical history but also would show what genetic research can actually do!]Cancer researchers dream of the day they can force tumor cells to morph back to the normal cells they once were. Now, researchers on Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus have discovered a way to potentially reprogram cancer cells back to normalcy. The finding, published in Nature Cell Biology, represents “an unexpected new biology that provides the code, the software for turning off cancer,” says the study’s senior investigator, Panos Anastasiadis, Ph.D., chair of the Department...
  • DARPA Wants to Create Synthetic Organisms to Terraform and Change the Atmosphere of Mars

    06/27/2015 8:25:48 PM PDT · by LibWhacker · 60 replies
    Hacked ^ | 6/25/15 | Giulio Prisco
    DARPA Wants to Create Synthetic Organisms to Terraform and Change the Atmosphere of Mars Biotech, Space, Synthetic Biology June 25, 2015 by Giulio Prisco 435SHARES TwitterLinkedinFacebook The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) believes that it's on the way to creating synthetic organisms capable of terraforming Mars into a planet that looks more like Earth, Motherboard reports.Speaking at a recent biotech conference hosted by DARPA, Alicia Jackson, deputy director of DARPA’s Biological Technologies Office (BTO) said: For the first time, we have the technological toolkit to transform not just hostile places here on Earth, but to go into space not...
  • 'Designer babies' debate should start, scientists say

    01/19/2015 4:56:26 PM PST · by garjog · 20 replies
    BBC News ^ | 18 January 2015 | By James Gallagher
    Dr Tony Perry, a pioneer in cloning, has announced precise DNA editing at the moment of conception in mice. He said huge advances in the past two years meant "designer babies" were no longer HG Wells territory. Other leading scientists and bioethicists argue it is time for a serious public debate on the issue. Designer babies - genetically modified for beauty, intelligence or to be free of disease - have long been a topic of science fiction.
  • Scientists create first ‘designer’ chromosome

    03/29/2014 3:06:10 AM PDT · by blueplum · 20 replies
    Herald Sun ^ | March 29, 2014 2:02am PDT | AFP
    SCIENTISTS have created the first man-made chromosome for a complex-celled organism — a feat hailed as a big step towards acquiring the controversial ability to redesign plants or animals. A synthetic chromosome was inserted into a brewer’s yeast cell, which functioned as normal — the key test of success, the international team has reported in the journal Science. “Our research moves the needle in synthetic biology from theory to reality,” said Jef Boeke, director of the New York University’s Institute for Systems Genetics, who was a member of the research team. :snip: “It is the most extensively altered chromosome ever...
  • How Do You Kill 11 Million People?

    11/06/2013 2:09:18 PM PST · by Nachum · 103 replies
    youtube ^ | 10/26/2012 | TheDrawShop
    This whiteboard animation shows what happened when Hitler lied to get elected and people don't care or pay attention to the lies of their leaders, until they do care...and at that point, it is too late. Parts of this video are narrated by a man who served as a German soldier and a German woman who lived right by the railroad tracks the cattle trains ran on that carried the Jews to their deaths. Based on Andy Andrews' book, How Do You Kill 11 Million People? Produced by This is real, don't be fooled. This is happening.
  • GM Debate Not Settled, Say European Scientists 'Genetically modified foods'.

    11/04/2013 10:55:03 AM PST · by KeyLargo · 128 replies
    Epoch times ^ | Oct 24, 2013 | Justina Reichel,
    GM Debate Not Settled, Say European Scientists Controversy erupts after World Food Prize awarded to Monsanto By Justina Reichel, Epoch Times | October 24, 2013 In the wake of biotech giants Monsanto and Syngenta being awarded the World Food Prize, a European coalition of scientists is challenging claims that the debate around genetically modified foods is settled and that GM foods are safe. The European Network of Scientists for Social and Environmental Responsibility, which consists of more than 90 scientists, academics, and physicians, released a statement Monday in response to “sweeping claims” that GM products are safe. “We strongly reject...
  • Is Your Food Being 'Poisoned'?

    06/11/2013 3:59:23 AM PDT · by Kaslin · 102 replies ^ | June 11, 2013 | Chuck Norris
    The Oxford English Dictionary defines "poison" as "a substance that is capable of causing the illness or death of a living organism when introduced or absorbed." The legal definition of the term is "any product or substance that can harm someone if it is used in the wrong way, by the wrong person, or in the wrong amount." The medical condition of poisoning is even broader: It can be caused by substances that are not even legally required to carry the label "poison." Therefore, can food become poisonous? Of course it can if it is infected, tampered with or altered...
  • Is Opposition to Genetic Engineering Moral?

    11/26/2012 7:20:14 AM PST · by SeekAndFind · 8 replies
    National Review ^ | 11/26/2012 | By Henry I. Miller & Drew L. Kershen
    There's an old saying that no good deed goes unpunished. That certainly seems to be true for many breakthroughs in genetic engineering. Here are several particularly egregious examples.1. "Biopharming" --- a new way to make drugsDiarrhea is the number-two infectious killer of children under the age of five in developing countries, surpassed only by respiratory diseases. It accounts for roughly 2 million deaths a year. But thanks to a simple but ingenious innovation by an emerging biotech company, Ventria Bioscience, those numbers could become a relic of the past, like mortality from smallpox and bubonic plague.Since the 1960s, the...
  • Suicide-Bombing Bacteria Could Fight Infections

    08/19/2011 11:39:20 AM PDT · by neverdem · 5 replies
    ScienceNOW ^ | 16 August 2011 | Sara Reardon
    Enlarge Image Guerrilla tactics. Biologists have created synthetically engineered E. coli (left) that explode and kill pathogenic P. aeruginosa (right). Credit: CDC Like any good military unit, infectious bacteria have access to numerous weapons and efficient communication systems. But like soldiers in the field, they're also susceptible to suicide bombers. Researchers have used the tools of synthetic biology to create an Escherichia coli cell that can infiltrate foreign bacteria and explode, killing off the pathogens along with itself. The project, says bioengineer Chueh Loo Poh of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, was "inspired by nature," particularly by quorum sensing,...
  • Down with Gene Tyranny! Freeing ourselves from our genes

    02/24/2011 1:33:28 PM PST · by neverdem · 21 replies
    Reason ^ | February 22, 2011 | Ronald Bailey
    The idea of using genetic engineering to enhance human beings scares a lot of people. For example, at a 2006 meeting called by the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, Richard Hayes, the executive director of the left-leaning Center for Bioethics and Society, testified that “enhancement technologies would quickly be adopted by the most privileged, with the clear intent of widening the divisions that separate them and their progeny from the rest of the human species.” Deploying such enhancement technologies would “deepen genetic and biological inequality among individuals,” exacerbating “tendencies towards xenophobia, racism and warfare.” Hayes concluded that allowing...
  • Scientists Create Synthetic Organism

    05/30/2010 9:37:12 PM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 25 replies · 532+ views
    The Wall Street Journal ^ | 5/21/2010 | Robert Lee Hotz
    Heralding a potential new era in biology, scientists for the first time have created a synthetic cell, completely controlled by man-made genetic instructions, researchers at the private J. Craig Venter Institute announced Thursday. "We call it the first synthetic cell," said genomics pioneer Craig Venter, who oversaw the project. "These are very much real cells." Created at a cost of $40 million, this experimental one-cell organism, which can reproduce, opens the way to the manipulation of life on a previously unattainable scale, several researchers and ethics experts said. Scientists have been altering DNA piecemeal for a generation, producing a menagerie...
  • Bacteria turn carbon dixoide into fuel

    11/15/2009 6:10:01 PM PST · by neverdem · 25 replies · 1,481+ views
    Chemistry World ^ | 15 November 2009 | Lewis Brindley
    US researchers have genetically modified bacteria to eat carbon dioxide and produce isobutyraldehyde - a precursor to several useful chemicals, including isobutanol, which has great potential as a fuel alternative to petrol. The modified bacteria are highly efficient and powered by sunlight, so a future goal is to set up colonies near to industrial plants. This would allow greenhouse gases to be recycled into useful chemical feedstock - supplying several hydrocarbons that are typically obtained from petroleum.  Liao and his team used genetically modified cyanobacteria to produce isobutyraldehyde from carbon dioxide Cyanobacteria and microalgae that consume CO2 have been identified for...
  • So. Calif. to Hear How Darwin Was Wrong

    11/03/2009 11:45:42 AM PST · by GodGunsGuts · 108 replies · 2,040+ views
    ChristianNewsWire ^ | November 3, 2009
    SANTA ANA, Calif., Nov. 3 /Christian Newswire/ -- While many people continue to believe in Charles Darwin's theory of evolution, a group of scientists will present overwhelming scientific evidence against Darwin's speculations. "If Charles Darwin knew 150 years ago what we know today, he likely would not have published Origin of the Species," said John Baumgardner, Ph.D., whose organization, Logos Research Associates, will lead the two-day "Darwin Was Wrong" conference Nov. 13-14 at Calvary Chapel Costa Mesa. "We can perhaps excuse Darwin, given his ignorance about the true complexity of living organisms and about genetics," said Dr. Baumgardner, a geophysicist...
  • Plant geneticist: ‘Darwinian evolution is impossible’

    10/05/2009 9:03:40 AM PDT · by GodGunsGuts · 120 replies · 3,730+ views
    Creation Magazine ^ | Don Batten, Ph.D.
    Plant geneticist Dr John Sanford began working as a research scientist at Cornell University in 1980. He co-invented the ‘gene gun’ approach to genetic engineering of plants. This technology has had a major impact on agriculture around the world...
  • Next Generation Bio-Weapons:Genetically Engineering and Bio Weapons

    09/28/2009 1:10:59 AM PDT · by ErnstStavroBlofeld · 13 replies · 1,395+ views
    'The Gathering Biological Warfare Storm' ^ | unknown | Michael J. Ainscough
    The history of warfare and the history of disease are unquestionably interwoven. Throughout the history of warfare, disease and non-battle injury have accounted for more deaths and loss of combat capability than from actual battle in war itself. The most striking example is the great influenza pandemic during World War I that killed 20 million people or more worldwide in 1918.1 Although this was a naturally occurring event, what if a country could create a biological agent that could yield the same catastrophic loss of life on the enemy? That, in essence, is the potential effect of applying genetic engineering2...
  • Scientists devise new way to modify organisms - Yeast cell surrogate may help scientists to...

    08/22/2009 3:16:32 PM PDT · by neverdem · 7 replies · 989+ views
    Nature News ^ | 20 August 2009 | Erika Check Hayden
    Yeast cell surrogate may help scientists to engineer synthetic life.A modified genome from one bacteria has been inserted into another.J. Craig Venter Institute. Scientists have devised a way to modify an organism that was previously impossible to genetically engineer in the lab.The method, developed by researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute in Rockville, Maryland, and San Diego, California, could aid the development of biomaterials and biofuels by helping scientists to genetically engineer species that have so far been beyond their reach. It could also aid the Venter institute's project to create synthetic life. In their paper, published today in...