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Keyword: geology

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  • Chicxulub Didnt Do It All By Itself

    10/17/2014 11:40:09 AM PDT · by JimSEA · 23 replies
    Geology Times ^ | 10/10/2014 | Staff
    Geoscientists now overwhelmingly agree that a single large asteroid or comet impact, such as Chicxulub in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico, could not have been the sole cause of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Instead, new research in both planetary/space science and multiple earth-science specialties reveals that concomitant volcanic activity and the associated climate and environmental changes were significant contributing factors in four of the five major mass extinctions in Earth history.
  • Radiometric Dating, A Christian Perspective

    10/06/2014 1:10:19 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 64 replies
    Radiometric dating--the process of determining the age of rocks from the decay of their radioactive elements--has been in widespread use for over half a century. There are over forty such techniques, each using a different radioactive element or a different way of measuring them. It has become increasingly clear that these radiometric dating techniques agree with each other and as a whole, present a coherent picture in which the Earth was created a very long time ago. Further evidence comes from the complete agreement between radiometric dates and other dating methods such as counting tree rings or glacier ice core...
  • Diamond Mines in Canada

    09/18/2014 6:37:42 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 21 replies ^ | 09/18/2014 | Hobart King
    Throughout the 20th century most people would never have thought about Canada being an important producer of diamonds. [1] Their knowledge of diamonds was fixed on mining operations in Africa and diamond trading centers in Europe. All of this started to change in 1991 when two geologists, Chuck Fipke and Stewart Blusson, found evidence of diamond-bearing Kimberlite pipes about 200 miles north of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. One of these pipes would soon be developed by BHP Billiton into the EKATI Diamond Mine, which produced Canada's first commercial diamonds in 1998.
  • $1tn in rare minerals found under Afghanistan

    09/06/2014 7:27:20 AM PDT · by GonzoII · 36 replies
    The Daily Star ^ | September 06, 2014 | Charles Choi
    Despite being one of the poorest nations in the world, Afghanistan may be sitting on one of the richest troves of minerals in the world, valued at nearly $1 trillion, top science news website Live Science reports quoting US scientists. Afghanistan, a country nearly the size of Texas, is loaded with minerals deposited by the violent collision of the Indian subcontinent with Asia. The US Geological Survey (USGS) began inspecting what mineral resources Afghanistan had after US-led forces drove the Taliban from power in the country in 2004. As it turns out, the Afghanistan Geological Survey staff had kept Soviet...
  • Are Ants the Answer to CO2 Sequestration?

    07/30/2014 9:39:08 AM PDT · by JimSEA · 26 replies
    GSA press release ^ | 7/29/2014 | Staff
    Boulder, Colo., USA – A 25-year-long study published in GEOLOGY on 14 July provides the first quantitative measurement of in situ calcium-magnesium silicate mineral dissolution by ants, termites, tree roots, and bare ground. This study reveals that ants are one of the most powerful biological agents of mineral decay yet observed. It may be that an understanding of the geobiology of ant-mineral interactions might offer a line of research on how to "geoengineer" accelerated CO2 consumption by Ca-Mg silicates. Researcher Ronald Dorn of Arizona State University writes that over geological timescales, the dissolution of calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) bearing...
  • Super Volcano is Bigger [YELLOWSTONE]

    07/09/2014 1:13:21 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 29 replies ^ | Updated: Jul 09, 2014 3:04 PM CST | By Penny Preston
    YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK - The world’s authority on Yellowstone’s Super Volcano says it’s more than twice as big as scientists once thought. Does that mean it’s more likely to blow up soon? Penny Preston found Dr. Robert Smith at his home near Grand Teton, and found the answer. Millions of people visit Yellowstone each year to see its geysers, fumeroles, hot springs, and mud pots. It’s the largest concentration of thermal features in the world. The park sits on top of the world’s largest active volcano. The Super Volcano. Its most recent eruption was more than 600,000 years ago. All...
  • How Did Earth Avoid Runaway Global Warming In The Past?

    06/24/2014 8:50:00 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 17 replies
    Science 2.0 ^ | 6/11/2014 | News Staff
    There have been times in our geological history when CO2 levels were 10X what they are today, yet warming was only slightly higher. Unlike what you often read in simplistic media accounts, there are a lot of variables in climate and weather and temperature. It takes a lot of things going wrong to turn Earth into Venus and we have never come close. At the Goldschmidt geochemistry conference in Sacramento, geochemists discussed one such period, but they say we just got lucky - a vast mountain range formed in the middle of the ancient supercontinent, Pangea.
  • Recent Advances in Understanding the Geology of Diamonds

    06/22/2014 1:45:14 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 5 replies
    GIA: Gems and Gemology ^ | Winter, 2013 | Steven B. Shirey and James E. Shigley
    ABSTRACT It has been more than two decades since diamond ages have proven to be up to billions of years older than their host magmas of kimberlite or lamproite. Since then, there have been significant advances in the analysis of diamonds and their mineral inclusions, in the understanding of diamond-forming fluids in the mantle, and in the relationship of diamonds to the deep geology of the continents and the convecting mantle. The occurrence of natural diamonds is remarkable and important to earth studies. This article reviews current thinking of where, how, when, and why natural diamonds form.
  • Mars' minerals could be microbe made

    06/19/2014 4:35:53 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 14 replies
    ABC Science ^ | 5/23/2014 | Stuart Gary
    Friday, 23 May 2014 Stuart Gary ABC New Australian research suggests Martian minerals may have formed from biological rather than geological origins. The findings, reported in the journal Geology, indicate the mineral stevensite, which is found on both Earth and Mars, can be created either in hot, highly alkaline volcanic lakes, or by mineralisation in living microbes. Stevensite is a magnesium-silicate mineral, used a Nubian beauty treatment for several centuries.
  • Which Volcano is the World's Largest?

    06/15/2014 9:44:33 AM PDT · by JimSEA · 9 replies
    Geology News ^ | 6/15/2014 | Hobart King
    Tamu Massif: The Most Massive Volcano Most of the world's largest features are so clearly visible that they have been known and recognized for hundreds of years. One exception is Tamu Massif. It is now recognized to be a single volcano - instead of a volcano complex with multiple vents. Tamu Massif has a footprint that covers more area than any other volcano - about 120,000 square miles (310,800 square kilometers) - an area about the size of New Mexico. It also has a larger mass than any other known single volcano on Earth. How could this enormous volcano have...
  • Why did evolution stall during the 'boring billion'?

    06/12/2014 7:44:28 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 83 replies
    New Scientist ^ | Jeff Hecht
    LONG before evolution on Earth kicked in with a vengeance, it seemed to stall completely. From 1.7 billion years ago, for a billion boring years, Earth remained a slimy, near-static world of algae and microbes. The pace picked up 750 million years ago: glaciers spread, complex animals appeared, and by 520 million years ago the Cambrian revolution – an explosion of varied life – was under way. The reason for that long stasis has been a mystery. We may now have the answer: the gradual cooling of the planet's interior. Just as turning down a stove burner slows the boiling...
  • A Geologist in Grand Canyon

    06/09/2014 7:37:28 PM PDT · by JimSEA · 6 replies
    UAGIS ^ | 1996 | Steve Rauzi
    Join Arizona Geological Survey geologist Steve Rauzi and a team of Conoco geoscientists as they raft through Grand Canyon examining the Precambrian Chuar Group. The trip, which occurred in 1996, begins at Lees Ferry and ends at river-mile 225. The expedition resulted in two publications by the Arizona Geological Survey: OFR-98-17
  • NASA: Humans on Mars by 2035 is 'primary focus'

    06/01/2014 1:02:02 PM PDT · by BenLurkin · 23 replies ^ | May 29, 2014 | Carol Christian |
    NASA has been talking about sending people to Mars by 2035. That goal is still on the books, despite recent upheaval in the space program, according to two of the agency's top scientists. "In the near term, Mars remains our primary focus," Ellen Stofan, NASA's chief scientist said May 15 in a talk at the Royal Institution in London ... ....scientists [also] decided to "redirect" an asteroid into an orbit of the moon and are searching for an asteroid that's an appropriate candidate. "Once we find the right one, we'll use all the technology we've got," he said. "We'll snag...
  • Creeping landslide devouring part of Wyoming town

    04/20/2014 1:11:00 AM PDT · by blueplum · 16 replies
    Sacramento Bee ^ | April 20, 2014 | Matthew Brown
    JACKSON, Wyo. -- What's happening in this Wyoming resort town might be better described as a land creep than a landslide, but the lack of speed has not hindered the sheer power of the moving earth. Over the past two weeks, a piece of East Gros Ventre Butte has slowly collapsed toward the west side of Jackson — shearing one hillside home in half, threatening to devour several others and looming ever more ominously over a cluster of businesses below. :snip: By Saturday morning, the shifting earth had caused bulges in a road and a parking lot at the foot...
  • 'Paleo Ale' Brewed From Yeast Found On A 40-Million-Year-Old Whale Fossil

    04/19/2014 2:41:25 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 23 replies
    Popular Science ^ | April Fools' Day, 2014 | Francie Diep
    The beer will be called Bone Dusters Paleo Ale (Hardy har har [Okay, actually, "paleo ale" is pretty good]). The yeast come from the surface of one of the oldest marine mammal fossils ever discovered in the western hemisphere. The idea for the beer came from Jason Osborne, who co-directs a nonprofit dedicated to advancing paleontology and geology. A paleo beer, Osborne thought, would be a great hook to interest non-scientists in fossils. I think many non-scientists are quite interested in fossils already, but I cannot argue against a paleo beer. Will whale-fossil beer really taste that different from other...
  • Massive Hole Discovered Under Antarctica, Bigger Than The Grand Canyon

    01/17/2014 1:18:49 AM PST · by Flotsam_Jetsome · 56 replies
    Forbes ^ | 1/15/2014 | William Pentland
    A giant valley deeper than the Grand Canyon is buried beneath several miles of glacial ice in West Antarctica, according to a new study by British scientists. The sub-glacial canyon is nearly two miles deep, 200 miles long and 15 miles wide.
  • Is the geological column a global sequence? (1-10-2014 article)

    01/10/2014 7:46:50 AM PST · by fishtank · 4 replies ^ | 1-10-2014 | Michael J. Oard
    Is the geological column a global sequence? by Michael J. Oard Creationist geologists are not yet agreed over whether the geological column represents an exact sequence of Flood events or not. Local stratigraphic sections seem to line up with the general order of the geological column at hundreds of locations around the world. But there are many problems with the details. For example, 1) the geological column is a vertical or stratigraphic representation abstracted from rock units that are mainly found laterally adjacent to each other in the field, 2) new fossil discoveries continue to expand fossil stratigraphic ranges, 3)...
  • What Did the Continents Look Like Millions of Years Ago?

    09/25/2013 6:56:19 AM PDT · by Renfield · 33 replies
    The Atlantic ^ | 9-23-2013 | Geoff Manaugh & Nicola Twilley
    The paleo-tectonic maps of retired geologist Ronald Blakey are mesmerizing and impossible to forget once you've seen them. Catalogued on his website Colorado Plateau Geosystems, these maps show the world adrift, its landscapes breaking apart and reconnecting again in entirely new forms, where continents are as temporary as the island chains that regularly smash together to create them, on a timescale where even oceans that exist for tens of millions of years can disappear leaving only the subtlest of geological traces. With a particular emphasis on North America and the U.S. southwest—where Blakey still lives, in Flagstaff, Arizona—these visually engaging...
  • Biggest extinction in history caused by climate-changing meteor

    08/05/2013 8:34:44 AM PDT · by Renfield · 66 replies ^ | 8-1-2013
    It's well known that the dinosaurs were wiped out 66 million years ago when a meteor hit what is now southern Mexico but evidence is accumulating that the biggest extinction of all, 252.3m years ago, at the end of the Permian period, was also triggered by an impact that changed the climate. While the idea that an impact caused the Permian extinction has been around for a while, what's been missing is a suitable crater to confirm it. Associate Professor Eric Tohver of the University of Western Australia's School of Earth and Environment believes he has found the impact crater...
  • Scientists: Volcanoes ‘scream’ before erupting

    07/15/2013 11:55:17 PM PDT · by Olog-hai · 17 replies
    Science Recorder ^ | Tuesday, July 16, 2013 | Delila James
    An analysis of data from the March 2009 eruption of Alaska’s Redoubt Volcano reveals that harmonic tremors reached high “scream” frequencies before suddenly stopping at five eruptions, according a University of Washington (UW) press release. Lead author Alicia Hotovec-Ellis, a UW doctoral student in Earth and space sciences, said that the extraordinarily high frequency of this tremor is not easily explained by many of the currently accepted theories. In fact, Redoubt’s volcanic wail reaches such a pitch it can be heard by human ears. “The pitch that Redoubt got up to was so much higher than any other volcano that...
  • Has the plug been pulled out of the Atlantic? Crack on Earth's crust...

    06/20/2013 9:50:36 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 56 replies
    Daily Mail (UK) ^ | 20 June 2013 | Nicola Rowe
    Scientists have discovered a crack in the Earth's crust that threatens to pull North America and Europe closer together and cause the Atlantic Ocean to vanish in about 220 million years. Researchers at the University of Lisbon have created a new map of the seafloor, off the coast of Iberia -- the region of Europe that includes Portugal and Spain -- and the results show the beginnings of a new subduction zone. National Geographic reported on the new data surrounding the subduction zones, and what could happen when the tectonic plates -- the large rock slabs that make up the...
  • Ohio's Ancient Nile, The Teays River

    05/27/2013 5:27:18 PM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 16 replies
    Ohio Dep't of Natural Resources ^ | prior to 1/13/2009 | Jean Backs
    The formation of the Teays River took place about five million years ago during the Tertiary period of the Cenozoic era, after the age of the dinosaurs. Tucked away securely inland, and no longer buffeted by waves or crashing continents, the plains of Ohio and the craggy peaks of the nearby Appalachian Mountains were most profoundly impacted by the power of running water... the water flowed south to north, east to west until it found its ultimate outlet in the young Gulf of Mexico, which had lapped up over several southern states in a thick finger that traces today’s Mississippi...
  • Geologic History of North America Gets Overturned

    04/17/2013 7:05:48 AM PDT · by Renfield · 46 replies
    Yahoo News ^ | 4-3-2013 | Becky Oskin
    t's time to redraw the map of the world during the reign of the dinosaurs, two scientists say. Picture the U.S. West Coast as a tortured tectonic boundary, similar to Australia and Southeast Asia today. Erase the giant subduction zone researchers have long nestled against western North America. Drop a vast archipelago into the ancient Panthalassa Ocean, usually drawn as an empty void, the kind on which medieval mapmakers would have depicted fantastical beasts. "Now it fits together," said Karin Sigloch, a seismologist at Ludwig-Maximilians-University in Munich, and lead study author. "We've come up with a pretty different solution that...
  • Earthquakes make gold veins in an instant

    03/18/2013 7:42:33 PM PDT · by neverdem · 15 replies
    Nature News ^ | 17 March 2013 | Richard A. Lovett
    Pressure changes cause precious metal to deposit each time the crust moves. Scientists have long known that veins of gold are formed by mineral deposition from hot fluids flowing through cracks deep in Earth’s crust. But a study published today in Nature Geoscience1 has found that the process can occur almost instantaneously — possibly within a few tenths of a second. The process takes place along 'fault jogs' — sideways zigzag cracks that connect the main fault lines in rock, says first author Dion Weatherley, a seismologist at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia. When an earthquake hits, the...
  • Earthquakes Turn Water Into Gold

    03/17/2013 6:11:11 PM PDT · by zeestephen · 22 replies ^ | 17 March 2013 | Becky Oskin
    Water in geologic faults vaporizes during an earthquake, depositing gold. This model provides a quantitative mechanism for the link between gold and quartz seen in many of the world's gold deposits.
  • CBS Sunday Morning: Digging into the practice of fracking

    12/30/2012 9:33:21 AM PST · by T-Bird45 · 40 replies
    CBS News - Sunday Morning ^ | 12/30/12 | David Pogue
    What if I told you that we have a new source of fuel? It's cheap, it burns cleaner than coal, it's found right here in America, and there's enough of it for the next hundred years. The fuel is natural gas. And the new source? Gigantic deposits of shale rock, miles underground. This one is called the Marcellus Shale. It covers 95,000 square miles, across four states. The gas is locked in the rock. If you crack a piece off you can actually smell the gas inside.
  • CU profs being investigated for illegal fossil gathering in Utah

    10/28/2012 12:12:59 PM PDT · by george76 · 20 replies
    Boulder Camera ^ | 10/26/2012 | Nancy Lofholm
    Two University of Colorado professors are being investigated by the Bureau of Land Management for taking fossils from a remote area of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in Utah without a permit. The professors, who have not been named, and a group of students with them were breaking off slabs of rock containing fossils in a remote section of the monument in early October when a tour guide discovered them and informed them that what they were doing was illegal. The guide with Escape Goat Tours and Shuttle Service reported that the professors told him to mind his own business as...
  • Researchers ID unique geological 'sombrero' uplift in South America (Ruh-Roh!)

    10/11/2012 1:43:04 PM PDT · by Red Badger · 46 replies ^ | 10-11-12 | Provided by University of California - San Diego
    (—Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have used 20 years of satellite data to reveal a geological oddity unlike any seen on Earth. At the border of Argentina, Bolivia and Chile sits the Altiplano-Puna plateau in the central Andes region, home to the largest active magma body in Earth's continental crust and known for a long history of massive volcanic eruptions. A study led by Yuri Fialko of Scripps and Jill Pearse of the Alberta Geological Survey has revealed that magma is forming a big blob in the middle of the crust, pushing up the earth's...
  • Biblical-Type Floods Are Real, and They’re Absolutely Enormous

    09/30/2012 6:17:06 PM PDT · by 2ndDivisionVet · 37 replies
    Discover Magazine ^ | August 29, 2012 | David R. Montgomery
    Geologists long rejected the notion that cataclysmic flood had ever occurred—until one of them found proof of a Noah-like catastrophe in the wildly eroded river valleys of Washington State. After teaching geology at the University of Washington for a decade, I had become embarrassed that I hadn’t yet seen the deep canyons where tremendous Ice Age floods scoured down into solid rock to sculpt the scablands. So I decided to help lead a field trip for students to see the giant erosion scars on the local landforms. We drove across the Columbia River and continued eastward, dropping into Moses Coulee,...
  • Is "Promised Land" Oscar-bound?

    09/23/2012 6:02:42 PM PDT · by T-Bird45 · 8 replies
    Pittsburg Post-Gazette ^ | 9/22/12 | Barbara Vancheri
    (SNIP) "Promised Land," starring Matt Damon, Frances McDormand, John Krasinski, Rosemarie DeWitt and Hal Holbrook, is the fracking (anti-fracking?) movie shot in Western Pennsylvania earlier this year. In an interview in June after shooting finished, Krasinski told the Post-Gazette the film is about fighting for American identity and pride and the original script was about wind power, later changed. (END SNIP)
  • Biblical-Type Floods Are Real, and They're Absolutely Enormous

    09/04/2012 8:31:09 AM PDT · by Theoria · 29 replies
    Discover Magazine ^ | 29 Aug 2012 | David R. Montgomery
    Geologists long rejected the notion that cataclysmic flood had ever occurred—until one of them found proof of a Noah-like catastrophe in the wildly eroded river valleys of Washington State. After teaching geology at the University of Washington for a decade, I had become embarrassed that I hadn’t yet seen the deep canyons where tremendous Ice Age floods scoured down into solid rock to sculpt the scablands. So I decided to help lead a field trip for students to see the giant erosion scars on the local landforms.We drove across the Columbia River and continued eastward, dropping into Moses Coulee, a...
  • The Enigma 1,800 Miles Below Us

    05/30/2012 9:29:52 AM PDT · by JerseyanExile · 29 replies
    New York Times ^ | May 28, 2012 | Natalie Angier
    As if the inside story of our planet weren’t already the ultimate potboiler, a host of new findings has just turned the heat up past Stygian. Geologists have long known that Earth’s core, some 1,800 miles beneath our feet, is a dense, chemically doped ball of iron roughly the size of Mars and every bit as alien. It’s a place where pressures bear down with the weight of 3.5 million atmospheres, like 3.5 million skies falling at once on your head, and where temperatures reach 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit — as hot as the surface of the Sun. It’s a place...
  • Why Today's Indonesia Quake Didn't Make a Monster Tsunami

    04/12/2012 7:14:27 PM PDT · by neverdem · 9 replies
    LiveScience ^ | 11 April 2012 | Andrea Mustain
    The red star marks where the quake hit. CREDIT: USGS. The magnitude 8.6 earthquake that struck in the Indian Ocean off the western coast of Sumatra today resurrected fears of a repeat of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami that proved one of the most devastating natural disasters in modern memory. However, this earthquake, which struck at 2:38 p.m. local time (4:38 a.m. ET), about 270 miles (435 kilometers) off the coast of the Indonesian island was a different animal altogether than the 2004 earthquake and tsunami, which killed more than 230,000 people and left millions homeless. "It...
  • Transverse instability of megaripples

    03/20/2012 8:12:20 PM PDT · by smokingfrog · 17 replies ^ | 20 March 2012 | Hezi Yizhaq
    Two kinds of sand ripples exist: normal, small ripples and megaripples with wavelengths reaching up to several meters. They differ also in their grain-size distributions (unimodal for sand ripples and bimodal for megaripples). While sand ripples form almost straight lines, megaripples have greater sinuosity due to their transverse instability, a property that causes small megaripple undulations to grow with time. The origin of the instability is due to variations in megaripple height, which do not diminish over time, as well as to the inverse dependence of ripple drift velocity on height. Thus, the taller regions of ripples will move more...
  • Russia Volcano Bezymianny put on Code Red for imminent eruption

    03/08/2012 9:34:43 PM PST · by LucyT · 15 replies
    The Weather Space ^ | March 7, 2012 - 20:05 UT | Staff
    One of the most active volcanoes in the world has been put on aviation color code red, the highest alert given by the Kamchatka Volcanic Eruption Response Team. KVERT assigned the code on Tuesday and warns of an imminent eruption. "Activity of the volcano continuously increases," says the alert. "Strong ash explosions up to 42,640 ft (13 km) a.s.l. possible at any time. Ongoing activity could affect international and low-flying aircraft.
  • That's a Fact! The Little Grand Canyon

    01/17/2012 8:35:37 AM PST · by fishtank · 46 replies · 1+ views
    That's a Fact - Little Grand Canyon Nearly 5 million people from all over the world visit the Grand Canyon in Arizona every year. Many believe that this 277-mile long gorge had formed over millions of years, but another famous North American landmark shows that the Grand Canyon could have been created much faster and not long ago.
  • (Blessed) Nicolas Steno Google doodle marks his 374th birth anniversary

    01/11/2012 5:29:55 AM PST · by NYer · 15 replies
    Guardian ^ | January 10, 2012
    Nicolas Steno, the Danish anatomist widely regarded as the father of geology, has been commemorated in a Google doodle marking his 374th birth anniversary on 11 January.The doodle illustrated the search engine's six letters in a geological style, with fossils in various bottom layers, with a green surface on top.Steno's work on the formation of rock layers and the fossils they contain was pivotal to the development of modern geology while his catholic piety has also been evaluated in recent decades with a view to his possible canonisation.Born as Niels Stensen, he left his native of Copenhagen in 1660 to...
  • Stonehenge rocks Pembrokeshire link confirmed

    12/19/2011 3:50:17 PM PST · by decimon · 8 replies
    BBC ^ | December 19, 2011
    Experts say they have confirmed for the first time the precise origin of some of the rocks at Stonehenge.It has long been suspected that rhyolites from the northern Preseli Hills helped build the monument. But research by National Museum Wales and Leicester University has identified their source to within 70m (230ft) of Craig Rhos-y-felin, near Pont Saeson. The museum's Dr Richard Bevins said the find would help experts work out how the stones were moved to Wiltshire. For nine months Dr Bevins, keeper of geology at National Museum Wales, and Dr Rob Ixer of Leicester University collected and identified samples...
  • New Technologies Redraw the World’s Energy Picture

    10/27/2011 1:36:48 AM PDT · by neverdem · 17 replies · 1+ views
    NY Times ^ | October 25, 2011 | CLIFFORD KRAUSS
    GOLDA MEIR, the former prime minister of Israel, used to tell a joke about how Moses must have made a wrong turn in the desert: “He dragged us 40 years through the desert to bring us to the one place in the Middle East where there was no oil.’ ” As it turns out, Moses may have had it right all along. In the last couple of years, vast amounts of natural gas have been found deep under Israel’s Mediterranean waters, and studies have begun to test the feasibility of extracting synthetic oil from a large kerogen-rich rock field southwest...
  • Perfect fossil could be most complete dinosaur ever

    10/16/2011 7:07:25 AM PDT · by SunkenCiv · 68 replies
    New Scientists ^ | 13 October 2011 | Jeff Hecht
    Dinosaur fossils don't come much more impressive than this. With 98 per cent of its skeleton preserved, this young predatory theropod from southern Germany may be the most complete dinosaur ever found. Oliver Rauhut, curator of the Bavarian State Collection for Palaeontology and Geology in Munich, announced the find yesterday. Although Chinese bird and dinosaur fossils are famed for delicate details such as their feathers, they don't match this 72-centimetre-long theropod in terms of clarity and completeness of preservation. The young dinosaur has been dated at 135 million years old, putting it in the early Cretaceous, but it has yet...
  • The Strange Rubbing Boulders of the Atacama

    10/11/2011 3:03:04 PM PDT · by decimon · 22 replies
    Geological Society of America ^ | October 11, 2011 | Unknown
    Boulder, CO, USA – A geologist's sharp eyes and upset stomach has led to the discovery, and almost too-close encounter, with an otherworldly geological process operating in a remote corner of northern Chile's Atacama Desert. The sour stomach belonged to University of Arizona geologist Jay Quade. It forced him and his colleagues Peter Reiners and Kendra Murray to stop their truck at a lifeless expanse of boulders which they had passed before without noticing anything unusual. "I had just crawled underneath the truck to get out of the sun," Quade said. The others had hiked off to look around, as...
  • Half of Earth's Heat from Radioactive Decay

    08/07/2011 10:17:32 AM PDT · by Salman · 22 replies
    Space Daily ^ | Aug 04, 2011 | staff writers
    Nearly half of the Earth's heat comes from the radioactive decay of materials inside, according to a large international research collaboration that includes a Kansas State University physicist. Studying the physical properties of Earth can help astrobiologists understand the mechanisms that caused our planet to become habitable. In turn, this information can then be used to determine where and how to search for habitable worlds throughout the Universe. ...
  • Neb. mine find to challenge China’s dominance of vital rare minerals

    08/07/2011 8:18:28 AM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 29 replies
    The Washington Times ^ | Wednesday, August 3, 2011 | Claire Courchane
    Geologist Matt Joeckel displays a core sample of carbonatite rock containing niobium and rare-earth elements, which was taken from a deposit near Elk Creek, Neb., in early February. (Associated Press) Elk Creek, Neb. (population 112), may not be so tiny much longer. Reports suggest that the southeastern Nebraska hamlet may be sitting on the world’s largest untapped deposit of “rare earth” minerals, which have proved to be indispensable to a slew of high-tech and military applications such as laser pointers, stadium lighting, electric car batteries and sophisticated missile-guidance systems.Canada-based Quantum Rare Earths Developments Corp. last week received preliminary results...
  • Volcano found on the Moon’s farside

    07/25/2011 8:49:24 PM PDT · by Ernest_at_the_Beach · 44 replies
    watts up with that? ^ | July 25, 2011 | News Staff
    Posted on July 25, 2011 by News Staff Non-mare silicic volcanism on the lunar farside at Compton–Belkovich Bradley L. Jolliff,Sandra A. Wiseman,Samuel J. Lawrence,Thanh N. Tran,Mark S. Robinson,Hiroyuki Sato,B. Ray Hawke,Frank Scholten,Jürgen Oberst,Harald Hiesinger, Carolyn H. van der Bogert,Benjamin T. Greenhagen,Timothy D. Glotch& David A. Paige Nature Geoscience (2011) doi:10.1038/ngeo1212 Abstract Non-basaltic volcanism is rare on the Moon. The best known examples occur on the lunar nearside in the compositionally evolved Procellarum KREEP terrane. However, there is an isolated thorium-rich area—the Compton–Belkovich thorium anomaly—on the lunar farside for which the origin is enigmatic.
  • Agenda 21 - What Is It? Apparently is is a plan to reduce the population

    06/22/2011 12:44:33 PM PDT · by TEXOKIE · 658 replies
    Vanity | Various
    Several people have become interested in a quite controversial topic called "AGENDA 21." They have requested being on a ping list for this topic. While I do not have time to do a thorough treatment of this subject, nor am I in any way an expert, I am willing at least for a time,to ping people as I run across articles which might pertain to this concern. It might be good to start with an examination of just what it is or might be. To kick this discussion and exploration off,I did a Google search (just for fun) on "Agenda...
  • Increase in Magnitude 5+ Earthquakes in the Last 24 Hours (Vanity)

    04/29/2011 8:29:46 PM PDT · by Errant · 53 replies
    USGS ^ | NA
    A significant increase in magnitude 5+ earthquakes worldwide has occurred in the last 24 hours, especially in the area around Vanuatu Islands. A similar increase in 5+ earthquakes mainly near the east coast of Honshu, Japan, occurred prior to the magnitude 9.1 earthquake and resulting tsunami. MAP 5.0 2011/04/29 22:31:59 28.838 -113.088 10.5 GULF OF CALIFORNIA MAP 5.3 2011/04/29 22:19:33 38.915 141.932 51.3 NEAR THE EAST COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN MAP 5.1 2011/04/29 20:24:35 -3.502 100.614 29.8 KEPULAUAN MENTAWAI REGION, INDONESIA MAP 5.0 2011/04/29 16:00:41 -19.313 167.705 27.0 VANUATU REGION MAP 5.5 2011/04/29 13:12:46 21.182 121.980 176.7 TAIWAN REGION MAP...
  • Newly Discovered Natural Arch in Afghanistan One of World's Largest

    03/31/2011 7:46:39 AM PDT · by Red Badger · 35 replies
    Science Daily ^ | 03-31-2011 | Staff
    Researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society have stumbled upon a geological colossus in a remote corner of Afghanistan: a natural stone arch spanning more than 200 feet across its base. Located at the central highlands of Afghanistan, the recently discovered Hazarchishma Natural Bridge is more than 3,000 meters (nearly 10,000 feet) above sea level, making it one of the highest large natural bridges in the world. It also ranks among the largest such structures known. "It's one of the most spectacular discoveries ever made in this region," said Joe Walston, Director of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Asia Program. "The arch...
  • Wind can keep mountains from growing

    03/28/2011 7:40:41 PM PDT · by decimon · 23 replies · 1+ views
    University of Arizona ^ | March 28, 2011 | Unknown
    Wind is a much more powerful force in the evolution of mountains than previously thought, according to a new report from a University of Arizona-led research team. Bedrock in Central Asia that would have formed mountains instead was sand-blasted into dust, said lead author Paul Kapp. "No one had ever thought that wind could be this effective," said Kapp, a UA associate professor of geosciences. "You won't read in a textbook that wind is a major process in terms of breaking down rock material." Rivers and glaciers are the textbook examples of forces that wear down mountains and influence their...
  • Google releases first satellite images of Japan after quake (includes before images)

    03/13/2011 5:12:46 AM PDT · by NYer · 38 replies
    LA Times ^ | March 12, 2011 | Molly Hennessy-Fiske
    First before-after image (Google and GeoEye / March 12, 2011) Google on Saturday released its first satellite images of Japan since the devastation that followed a massive 8.9-magnitude earthquake and tsunami that hit the island nation Friday afternoon local time. The images, from Google partner GeoEye, were generated by the IKONOS satellite. Google Earth users may view images from Kamaishi, located to the north of Sendai, an area extremely hard hit by the quake and tsunami. In the images, taken Saturday morning, Kamaishi is somewhat obscured by cloud clover. In addition, Google released satellite images of Tokyo, also taken Saturday...
  • Japan earthquake factbox: Entire Japan coast shifted 2.4 metres, earth axis moves ten inches

    03/12/2011 6:23:38 AM PST · by NYer · 220 replies · 3+ views
    Vancouver Sun ^ | March 11, 2011
    A massive tsunami sweeps in to engulf a residential area after a powerful earthquake in Natori, Miyagi Prefecture in northeastern Japan March 11, 2011. The biggest earthquake to hit Japan in 140 years struck the northeast coast on Friday, triggering a 10-metre tsunami that swept away everything in its path, including houses, cars and farm buildings on fire. Cars and destroyed homes swept by a tsunami are seen on a street after an earthquake in Kesennuma City, Miyagi Prefecture March 12, 2011. Japan confronted devastation along its northeastern coast on Saturday, with fires raging and parts of some cities under...